Immigration and related issues, mainly in the United Kingdom.

Details of other pages are at the end of this page


Extracts in date order, except latest additions first. Updated 15 October 2018

Immigration – Brexit, public opinion
Two thirds support treating EU immigration in the same way as that from the rest of the world
Anthony Wells
YouGov, 15 October 2018.

Depending on the precise outcome of the Brexit negotiations Britain is likely to be putting in place its own immigration rules for EU citizens after we leave the Union. At the Conservative party conference earlier this month the shape of those new immigration rules began to emerge, and we've polled the British public on what they make of them.

The central announcement was that the government planned to treat EU citizens who want to come and live in Britain in the same way as potential migrants from elsewhere in the world. This was widely supported - 65% of people thought it was the right approach, only 20% were opposed.

Attitudes towards the details of how a post-Brexit immigration policy might work were more evenly divided. Scrapping the current cap on highly skilled migrants was supported by 46% of people, opposed by 31% (a clear majority of Remain voters backed this aspect, Leavers were more narrowly divided - 45% support, 40% against). Requiring skilled migrants to have a job offer worth at least £30,000 had similar levels of support (46% support, 33% opposed), though the breakdown was different - this aspect was supported by Tories and Leave voters, but opposed by Remain and Labour voters.

More than half (52%) supported the idea of not allowing low-skilled immigration, with the possibility of a few limited exceptions like seasonal agricultural work; 30% were opposed. Again, this split the country down party lines, with strong support from Tory voters, but Labour voters breaking against the policy.

People were divided on requiring EU citizens to obtain visas before visiting the UK for tourism or business. 40% would support it, 42% were opposed.
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Crime – fraud, domestic abuse
Foreign fraudsters are lying about being beaten by their wives so they can exploit a legal loophole and gain UK residency faster
Charlotte Wace and Jonathan Bucks
Mail on Sunday, 14 October 2018.

Foreign fraudsters are masquerading as victims of domestic violence to trick officials into letting them stay in Britain.

Campaigners say hundreds of Britons, including a growing number of women, are being exploited by con artists who dupe them into marriage abroad – with the sole aim of returning to the UK to claim permanent resident status.

Once in Britain they pretend to be victims of domestic violence and use a loophole to fast-track residency applications.

The Mail on Sunday has seen evidence in a series of cases where foreign men have been allowed to stay in the UK after fabricating claims of domestic abuse – even when their wives have been cleared.

Three years ago, a report found the number of foreigners applying to stay in the UK as victims of domestic abuse had soared from 59 in 2002 to 1,224 in 2015.

Campaigners say they are now receiving reports of fabricated domestic abuse claims by those seeking to stay in the UK at the rate of one every day. ...

Yet another case involved a British woman who was raped by her already- married Pakistani husband who then claimed she had raped him.

All allegations against her were dropped but he was granted permanent residency on the basis of being a victim.

Under current immigration rules, foreigners who marry Britons have to wait five years before they are granted permanent rights to live and work in the UK.

However, rules known as the Destitute Domestic Violence Concession mean that, if the foreign spouse claims their partner has been abusive, Home Office officials are bound to consider their case and can award them Indefinite Leave To Remain (ILR) in as little as three months.

Even if they do not get ILR, fraudsters will often allege domestic abuse to delay efforts to deport them.

The report in 2015 by the Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration highlighted alarming failures by Home Office when it came to staff checking the validity of domestic abuse claims.

Investigators found that case workers relied too heavily on unverified evidence, such as letters from domestic violence charities, rather than interviewing the applicant themselves.

An analysis of 25 cases where approval to remain had been granted found the decision in 15 had been wrong and that in 16 cases, no approach for information about the abuse allegations had been made to police.

Kim Sow, from the victim support group Immigration Marriage Fraud Consultancy, established in 2013 to monitor cases and help victims, said: 'No fraudster should be left unpunished and no victim of fraud should have their lives totally destroyed by an unfair, unjust and discriminatory process.

'If the Home Office, police and Crown Prosecution Service continue failing to address the issue of immigration marriage fraud, an open door remains for fraudsters to enter the UK.'
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Multiculturalism – book review
Review: Whiteshift: Populism, Immigration and the Future of White Majorities by Eric Kaufmann – the future of mixed-race Britain
David Goodhart
Sunday Times, 14 October 2018.

Some people will be dismayed, even angered, at the claims made by Eric Kaufmann, a mixed-race, London-based Canadian academic, in this extraordinary book.

He defends white identity politics and white ethnic "self interest"; believes the anti-racism taboo has become too all-encompassing; thinks economics has little to do with the populist revolt; defends qualified ethnic selection in immigration; and believes civic Britishness is too bland to bind us together.

Yet this is no polemic: he backs up his claims with numbers and close argument over a sometimes exhausting 600 pages. ...

I recall him explaining, many years ago, that ethnicity is not something inherently sinister, it is just attachment to ancestry and myths of ancestry. It can take an extreme form, as it did in the first part of the 20th century, but, as with religion or other forms of belief, extremism is not inherent.

And despite increased human mobility, ethnicity is not disappearing. About 80% of the world's major countries have an ethnic majority, and being held together by such a majority seems to be a condition of national success – compare fragmented Africa with majoritarian east Asia. ...

White people are already a minority in most major cities of North America, while minorities are projected to be in the majority in the US, Canada and New Zealand by 2050, with the UK following later in the century.

"So what?" will be the reaction of many of the educated and liberal-minded, who tend to have rather weak ethnic attachments. So a great deal, says Kaufmann. This shift is replacing white majority self-confidence with an existential insecurity, channelled by the lightning rod of immigration, and a reduced willingness to "indulge the anti-white ideology of the cultural left".

A degree of turbulence is inevitable as we move from white ethnic homogeneity to mixed-race majorities by the end of the century, but Kaufmann is by no means apocalyptic. ...

The book explores the four different responses of white majorities to ethnic change: fight (voting for populists), repress (pretend nothing is happening), flee (avoid diverse neighbourhoods) and join (via friendship and intermarriage with minorities). ...

He sympathises with black people in Brixton who feel swamped by white hipsters, as well as white people in Barking who feel alienated by rapid non-white immigration. And he prefers a "multivocal" approach to national identities, in which people from different backgrounds identify in different ways, rather than a dry, top-down, British-values approach.

On the other hand, he thinks liberals are wrong to think a strong attachment to one's own ethnic group must mean hostility to others'. And he insists that a white "ethnic self-interest" in slowing immigration to preserve a culture and a way of life is legitimate. Polls show that most people of all races in both America and the UK agree with him. ...

On segregation and integration, he shows how white behaviour is similar everywhere, from liberal Canada to restrictive Denmark. Most white British citizens want to live in areas that are 70%-plus white – and most still do: 80% of white Britons live in wards that are 90% white, while nearly half of minorities live in "majority minority" wards. We mainly still stick to our own.
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Plane mutiny kept a gang rapist in the UK: Somali man whose deportation from the UK was stopped by plane passengers raped a 16-year-old girl in London and his accomplice went on to fight for ISIS
Martin Beckford
Mail on Sunday, 14 October 2018.

A Somalian whose deportation from Britain was dramatically halted after airline passengers staged a mutiny demanding his release can be exposed today as a convicted gang rapist who was being kicked out of the country because of his sickening crime.

Officials escorting Yaqub Ahmed on a flight from Heathrow to Turkey were forced to abandon his deportation when around a dozen holidaymakers who felt sorry for him angrily intervened shortly before take-off.

At one stage during the astonishing episode, filmed on mobile phones, one traveller complained: 'They're separating him from his family', while others chanted 'take him off the plane'.

When harassed security guards caved in and walked 29-year-old Ahmed off the Turkish Airlines flight, he was seen thanking those on board for their support as they cheered and applauded.

One person was heard declaring: 'You're free, man!'

But the passengers who thought they were doing a good deed were unaware that the man they were defending had been sentenced to nine years in jail for his part in a vicious gang rape of a teenage girl – and that another member of his gang later fought for Islamic State in Syria. ...

He was released from prison after serving little more than four years, and lived in a halfway house in North London until recently. Because he had been jailed for such a serious crime, the Home Office ordered his deportation, which led to him being placed on the flight to Istanbul last Tuesday afternoon. ...

The Home Office previously spent millions of pounds a year chartering planes to fly failed asylum seekers and foreign national offenders to their home countries, most commonly Albania, Pakistan and Nigeria. But because of the cost of the flights, it now increasingly books seats on commercial services.

Latest figures show the Home Office spent £17 million on scheduled flights and £8.6 million on charter flights to deport people in 2016-17. ...

One of Ahmed's co-defendants, Adnan Mohamud, was granted refugee status in Britain in 2002 having been born in Somalia, and is still thought to be in the UK.
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Illegal immigration – MPs, charities
MPs must stop informing on migrants to the Home Office, charities demand
Tim Wyatt
Independent, 13 October 2018.

Almost one in five MPs have now signed a pledge to never report a constituent to the immigration authorities in response to a charity campaign.

A coalition of migrant advocacy groups - including Liberty, Migrant Rights Network and Global Justice Now - have called to MPs to promise to never inform on migrants who ask them for help.

The campaign, "MPs Not Border Guards", has written to the Speaker of the House of Commons, demanding that he intervene to stop the practice.

Exclusive figures revealed by The Independent in June showed that MPs had reported 723 suspected illegal immigrants to the Home Office between 2012 and 2017.

Currently, 113 out of the 650 MPs have signed the pledge to protect those with uncertain immigration status who approach them at constituency surgeries.

The majority are from Labour, along with 25 from the Scottish National Party and eight Liberal Democrats. Only one Conservative - Heidi Allen - has added her name.

More than 3,200 people have also emailed their own MP to ask them to join the campaign, the MPs Not Border Guards website says. ...

The chief executive of the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, Satbir Singh, said that if MPs continued to inform on migrants who asked them for advice, they would drive vulnerable people "further underground and into the shadows". ...

But some MPs disagreed. Tory Christopher Chope said that he had personally called the immigration hotline.

"I have reported cases of immigration crime on behalf of constituents who have felt their neighbours are engaged in illegal working when they shouldn't have been in the country," he told the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme. "Home Office policy is very much to ensure that, as far as possible, life is made uncomfortable for those one million illegals, so that they will be encouraged to go back to where they came from rather than be a burden on our public services here."

This view was echoed by Lord Green, the chairman of the anti-immigration group Migration Watch UK.

"The task of MPs is to represent the electorate, not those who have no right to be in the country at all," he said. "Illegal immigrants are not constituents and over three-quarters of the electorate consider illegal immigration to be a serious problem.

"MPs are not immigration officers, but to make public pledges that have the effect of encouraging illegal immigrants to stay in the UK is irresponsible and further erodes public trust in our political system."
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Diversity – history, education, bias
Distorting History Month
Chris McGovern
Conservative Woman, 13 October 2018.
[Chris McGovern is the Chairman of the Campaign for Real Education]

This is Black History Month in our schools and Jeremy Corbyn is calling for even more teaching about the evils of the British Empire and the slave trade.

It is, perhaps, time to take stock of the black history enterprise. Remember, though, that if you are White British you will be suffering from an ailment known as 'unconscious bias' which means that any views you hold do not count.

Let us start with a question. What was the 'black' dimension to events surrounding Magna Carta in 1215? This was asked, back in the late 1980s, by Norman Stone, Oxford University professor of modern history, of a debating chamber audience. He was my fellow-speaker in an educational debate at Ruskin College. From this venue, in 1976, prime minister James Callaghan had kicked off a nationwide dialogue about education that is still with us today. Black History Month is but one facet of that continuing dialogue.

Our audience at Ruskin were principally classroom teachers. They were enraged by Stone's question – a response to a growing demand from the teaching profession that school history lessons become more racially inclusive. Professor Stone was doing no more than making the point that if history teaching is filtered by what we now call 'politically correct' perspectives, subject knowledge becomes distorted. Unusually, for an educational 'tough guy', the professor seemed genuinely taken back by the vehement hostility of the teachers sitting in front of him.

'What on earth was there to argue about?' he must have thought. Other than a universal application as a charter of rights there is no more a meaningful 'black' dimension to the events surrounding Magna Carta than there is a meaningful 'white' dimension to the pre-colonial Inca empire or a meaningful Hispanic dimension to the deliberations of Iceland's Viking assembly, the Althing. 'Welcome,' I told Professor Stone, 'to the classroom revolution, to the use of education for the purpose of brainwashing.'

Classroom teaching as a political tool has become the norm in Britain. An entire month devoted to black history has become institutionalised, regardless of its value in terms of acquiring historical knowledge. It could be cogently argued that Black History Month should be balanced by Asian, Asian British, Hispanic, Native American, Chicano, Indian, Latino, African American, Arab, Chinese British and Australian Aborigine history months. ...

... The notion that slavery and racism is somehow a white British attribute is a distortion of history and socially divisive. Enslavement of others and associated racism is characteristic of humanity in general, regardless of race.

The much-admired ancient civilisations of Greece and Rome, for example, were built on slavery. Britain, too, was once enslaved and its enslavers included, ironically and most viciously, an African Emperor, Septimius Severus, who died in York before he had the chance to fulfil a promise to exterminate all those living north of Hadrian's Wall. ...

It should be more widely known, too, that at least a million white slaves, many from the British Isles, were once traded in the slave markets of north Africa and Turkey. What is most important for young people, in particular, to know about slavery is that it was the British who first abolished the slave trade and slavery.
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Immigration abroad – France
French hero, who sacrificed himself to save a hostage from an Islamist, won't have a place named after him as 'it may offend Muslims'
Abdelhamid Kaddour
Voice of Europe, 13 October 2018.

French hero Arnaud Beltrame, who sacrificed himself to save a hostage from a Islamist terrorist, won't have a place named after him because it may upset Marseille's huge Muslim community, Valeurs Actuelles reports.

On 24 March 2018, an ISIS terrorist stormed a supermarket in Trèbes, armed with a handgun, a hunting knife and three homemade bombs. He shot two people dead and took others hostage.

During the negotiation with the police, the terrorist accepted Beltrame's offer to swap places with the last hostage, a female cashier. ...

After a three-hour stand-off with the police, Radouane Lakdim, the 25-year-old terrorist, stabbed (even though rumours circulated that he sliced Beltrame's throat) and murdered Arnaud Beltrame.

But apparently, paying tribute to Beltrame's sacifice is seen as being potentially offensive by Marseille's leftist elected officials.

Here's what Stephane Ravier, Marseille's 7th district National Rally mayor, revealed during a town council with Marseille's elected officials.

"Leftist elected officials, socialist and communist, refused that a place in the 15th district be named after Arnaud Beltrame, in the first time, they've said, under fallacious pretext, that this place wasn't prestigious enough, before telling the truth in these terms: we are on the field, we witnessed that the population has changed and if we give the name of Arnaud Beltrame in this district, the population will take that as a provocation".
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Illegal immigration – visas, Indians
Indians top list of 'overstayers' in U.K.
Vidya Ram
The Hindu, 12 October 2018.

India accounts for the largest number of individuals staying in the U.K. illegally, and the number of those subjected to forced returns to India has fallen by 50% in three years, Britain's Foreign and Commonwealth Office has said.

The problem of "visa overstayers" was highlighted by the department in its submission to a British parliamentary committee's "Global Britain and India' inquiry into post-Brexit relations with India.

The focus on overstayers is significant, suggesting that there is little sign of change on an issue that has overshadowed bilateral relationships. Tensions came to a head earlier this year when Britain's Trade Secretary Liam Fox linked the decision on excluding Indians from a relaxation of student visa requirements to cooperation between the two countries on the return of illegal migrants, including India's failure to sign an MOU with the U.K. on the issue during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit in April.

Subsequently, Indian High Commissioner Y.K. Sinha questioned Britain's focus and stance on overstayers. "I am sure there are many [overstayers] but where did this figure of 100,000 come from?" he said in June. ...

The Royal Commonwealth Society warned that the state of Indian visas into the U.K. was "abysmal" and reiterated its call for Indian visitors to be given similar conditions as Chinese tourists, who were able to get a two-year multiple entry visa at nearly 75% lower cost than others. "In recent years, the U.K. appears to have neglected the India relationship in favour of fostering better relations with China."

The immigration issue had caused "seriously ill feeling" in India towards Britain, warned crossbench member of the House of Lords Karan Bilimoria.

However, on the issue of visas, the Foreign Office submission highlighted what it saw as key achievements on visas to Indian nationals. These included Britain having more visa centres in India than any other country in the world, Britain issuing more skilled worker visas to India than all other countries in the world combined and the fact that 90% of Indian nationals, who applied for a visa, were successful.
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Immigration abroad – France
One day the French will be told that they are the strangers in France – President Macron's former advisor
Abdelhamid Kaddour
Voice of Europe, 12 October 2018.

One of Emmanuel Macron's former advisors warned the French President that the day will come that French citizens will be strangers in their own country, BFMTV reports.

There are people, that when the day will come, will make us understand that we are the strangers, Philippe de Villiers said in a TV interview with French broadcaster BFMTV on Thursday. ...

Despite being a huge critic of the Islamisation of France, he surprisingly was also a confidant and advisor of President Emmanuel Macron during his election campaign.

De Villiers started the interview by warning his fellow French citizens that they may become foreigners in their own country.

"We are not conscious today that we, for decades now, have established (...) two societies, facing each other and now a counter society, with people who are mentally secessioned and one day they'll make us understand that we are the strangers". ...

De Villiers also addressed France's immigration problem and Macron's lack of action on it, even though he said that the president promised to him in private conversations that he'll try to solve it.
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Diversity – employees
Bosses told to reveal their ethnic salary gap: Radical plans to force 10,000 firms to publish salary differences between white and ethnic staff
John Stevens
Daily Mail, 11 October 2018.

Bosses will be made to reveal salary differences between their white and ethnic minority staff.

The radical plans to tackle racial inequality mirror rules introduced earlier this year to expose the gender pay gap.

More than 10,000 companies employing over 250 staff would have to publish the figures annually.

Around 10 million workers would be covered. Theresa May, who will unveil the plans today, said: 'Too often ethnic minority employees feel they're hitting a brick wall when it comes to career progression.

'The measures we are taking will help employers identify the actions needed to create a fairer and more diverse workforce.'

Businesses are to be consulted on the initiative – part of a nationwide 'Race at Work Charter'. Officials say the 250-staff threshold may be raised to spare smaller firms.

But Mrs May's plan was criticised by free market think-tanks.

Matt Kilcoyne of the Adam Smith Institute said: 'Rather than engaging with the hard task of removing structural barriers to opportunity many still face, this headline-grabbing measure will raise costs to business.

'Migrants may face natural barriers to success from language, and illegitimate barriers from occupational licensing and discrimination.

'These figures will mask the complex causes of racial inequality and be used to sour relations between Britons.'

Len Shackleton of the Institute of Economic Affairs said: 'This is a Pandora's Box. There are over 100 ethnicities in this country, most of which are as different from each other as they are from white Brits.

'Forcing businesses to report on pay will result in meaningless statistics because the numbers for particular ethnicities within one firm are likely to be statistically insignificant, where nothing can be really be gleaned from them.

'Essentially the Government would be burdening businesses with more bureaucracy without any useful return.' ...

Mrs May will also today set out the actions she is taking to ensure public sector leaders are representative of the communities they serve.

The NHS, military, schools and police forces will have to set out plans to increase high-level recruitment from ethnic minority backgrounds.

The Government is naming Karen Blackett, a senior executive at the advertising giant WPP, as its 'Race at Work Champion'. Miss Blackett, whose parents grew up in Barbados before moving to Britain, has spoken of how her promotion was important because she is black, female and from a working-class background.
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Bias – political correctness, USA
Political correctness is widely unpopular with Americans of all ages and races, a study finds
Sinéad Baker
Business Insider, 11 October 2018.

Most Americans dislike the culture of political correctness despite pervasive stereotypes based on age and race and the general understanding of deeply decided society, a new study has found.

A report published Wednesday by More in Common, an organization looking to reduce polarization and social division in communities, found that 80% of the US public believe that political correctness is a problem.

It found that even young people are uncomfortable with it, including 74% of people aged 24-29 and 79% percent of those under 24 – meaning those who don't see it as a problem are in the minority across all ages.

And it found that a majority of people of all races dislike political correctness.

79% of whites saw political correctness as a problem compared to 82% of Asians, 87% of Hispanics, and 88% of American Indians. African Americans are most likely to support political correctness, with 75% seeing it as a problem.
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Benefits and costs – low-skilled workers
Influx of low-skilled workers from the EU had 'no clear benefit' for Britain, Government's immigration tsar claims
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 10 October 2018.

The influx of low-skilled migrants from the EU has brought 'no clear benefit' to Britain, the Government's immigration tsar said last night.

Professor Alan Manning, chairman of the Migration Advisory Committee, argued it had cost taxpayers' money as overall they cost more in benefits and public services than they paid in taxes.

Appearing before MPs, he said low-skilled migration since 2004, when Labour threw open the doors to Eastern Europeans, 'hasn't really had positive effects and has had negative effects'.

Prof Manning added: 'Our view is for that lower-skilled migration, there is no clear benefit for UK residents.' He also rejected claims from big business that cuts to migrants would damage the economy.
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Crime – car crashes, insurance fraud
Ruthless pair behind '£8 million' cash-for-crash scam who set up 250 road collisions to defraud insurance companies by targeting innocent drivers are jailed for a total of 12 years
Sebastian Murphy-bates
MailOnline, 10 October 2018.

Two men behind a cash-for-crash scam that may have topped £8 million and involved 250 collisions were today slammed by a judge who said all insurance customers will pay for the fraud through higher premiums.

Boota Ram masterminded the sophisticated, large-scale fraud by orchestrating crashes with innocent drivers, mainly on mini-roundabouts.

The 38-year-old from Slough used false driving licences and fake documents to make claims against dozens of insurance companies for fabricated injuries or vehicle damage.

Police found the baker's car boot crammed with items necessary to make claims including dozens of fake IDs and insurance documents, with a judge branding the vehicle a 'mobile fraudster's office'. ...

Ram was handed a nine-year prison sentence after a jury convicted him of conspiracy to commit fraud over a three-year period. He was jailed in his absence after absconding part way through the trial.

His nephew, Gagandeep Gagandeep, was jailed for three years for his part in the conspiracy. ...

Judge Paul Dugdale said every person in the UK would feel the impact of this significant fraud through increased insurance premiums. ...

Judge Dugdale said he had to pass sentence on Ram despite the fact he vanished from the courtroom and was suspected of being in London, because he did not think he would be picked up by police for up to 15 years due to high number of false drivers licences and false documentation he had.
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Illegal immigration – Brussels
Belgium smashes human trafficking ring 'smuggling migrants into Britain'
Romina McGuinness
Daily Express, 10 October 2018.

Belgium has broken up a ring of human traffickers who smuggled mainly Sudanese and Eritrean migrants into Britain for a charge of up to £2,200 (€2,500) each, justice officials said on Monday.

Ten people were arrested during raids in the Brussels region on Sunday. Three were released without charge while the remaining seven – all male – were placed in pre-trial detention.

All have since been officially charged with offences relating to "human trafficking within the framework of a criminal organisation," the Brussels public prosecutor's office said in a statement.

The trafficking ring was based in Brussels and would smuggle "up to 20 migrants" into Britain a day by hiding them inside UK-bound refrigerated lorries, according to prosecutors.

The migrants are said to have paid the smugglers anything between £430 and £2,200 (€500 and €2,500) each for the journey, local prosecutors said.
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Immigration abroad – Serbia
Serbia Scraps Visa-Free Entry For Iranians
Radio Farda / Reuters, 10 October 2018.

Serbia has scrapped visa-free entry for Iranians, little more than year after it introduced it to boost tourism, a government decree published in the Official Gazette on Wednesday said. ...

... In August 2017 Belgrade decided to abolish visas for Iranians, to boost tourism, improve growth and reach out to non-European markets.

But authorities say that the number of illegal migrants from Iran who travel to Serbia and then try to cross into the European Union countries rocketed this year and last. ...

"The move is a response to the problem that many people (from Iran) enter Serbia and either attempt to travel to the West or to seek asylum," Djurovic Rados Djurovic, of the Belgrade-based Asylum Protection Centre told Reuters. ...

Currently there are around 4,000 registered migrants from Asia and the Middle East and elsewhere in Serbia's government-operated centres, while hundreds of others are scattered in the capital Belgrade or around borders with Bosnia or Croatia, a European Union member state.

More than 650,000 people, many of them fleeing war and poverty, passed through non-EU Serbia in 2015 on their way to the West. The route was largely shut down in March 2016, but migrants continue to arrive.
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Immigration – public opinion
People's perceptions of EU immigration: it's the economy, stupid!
Johnny Runge
NIESR, 10 October 2018.

What factors drive people's negative views of immigration? Some have argued that anti-immigrant sentiments are driven by cultural concerns about the impact on our national identity and our traditional 'way of life' which is perceived to be threatened by the influx of foreigners with different cultural values and customs. Others focus on how attitudes are driven by economic concerns such as the perceived negative impact on jobs, wages and public services.

This has been debated extensively in the academic literature. NIESR's recent research on immigration attitudes, carried out with colleagues from Birkbeck, did not set out primarily to answer these questions, yet some of our findings are highly relevant to this on-going debate.

Firstly our findings, based on in-depth focus groups in the Leave voting area of Sittingbourne, Kent, indicate that people's concerns gravitate strongly around economic considerations and particularly about the impact on jobs, wages and public services. One interpretation of this and other studies, such as the recent one by British Future, is that the economic story is people's way of presenting their cultural concerns framed as a more acceptable form of objection in a focus group setting. But the people in our focus groups did not shy away from raising their cultural concerns, without prompt, frequently and quite forcefully. Yet even in this very open environment, where all views could be voiced and indeed were voiced, the predominant theme in relation to the impact of EU migration was the focus on migrants' economic contribution.

Our focus groups made it clear that different immigrant groups are typically associated with different concerns. This observation is in line with a few recent experimental survey studies /.../ which have found that EU migrants, and particularly Eastern European migrants, are perceived as a threat in economic terms while Muslim migrants and ethnic minorities are perceived as a threat in terms of culture, security and crime. ...

What does all this mean? Our conclusion is that people see EU migration predominantly as an economic threat, but this is often conflated with their cultural concerns about other migrant groups or ethnic minorities. Of course, the irony is that the economic evidence on whether migrants contribute positively or negatively to the public purse and public services strongly points to the former. This leads us straight to the issue of how people come to hold views about immigration and how they respond to economic evidence, which was one of the main aims of our research.
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Immigration abroad – urban congestion, Australia
Australia considers forcing new migrants to live in rural areas
BBC, 9 October 2018.

The Australian government has unveiled a proposal to force new migrants to live outside Sydney and Melbourne.

The policy would aim to ease congestion in Australia's two biggest cities while boosting regional areas, Population Minister Alan Tudge said on Tuesday.

The government may introduce visa conditions to limit where some migrants live for up to five years, he said.

However, some experts have questioned whether the idea is enforceable and likely to achieve its goals.

Currently, about two-fifths of Australia's 25 million people live in Sydney and Melbourne.

Though Australia's population growth rate ranks 77th globally, according to the World Bank, it is high among OECD nations - rising by 1.6% last year.

The growth has been driven largely by migration, with most people settling in Melbourne, Sydney and south-east Queensland, according to the government.

That has contributed to infrastructure and congestion problems, with Melbourne and Sydney each expected to exceed eight million residents by 2030. ...

"There is a strong argument for the government to redirect new migrants to the bush... but there needs to be sufficient employment for them, and that's the big Achilles heel of the whole idea," Prof Jock Collins from the University of Technology told the BBC.
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Crime – illegal immigration, extradition
Albanian convicted of murder left free to commit crime in UK
Jon Austin
Daily Express, 9 October 2018.

An immigrant convicted of murder and on the run from a 25-year jail term in his native Albania is free on bail in Britain despite a history of offending here. Hektor Mahmutaj, 42, on Interpol's most-wanted list, is fighting extradition which he says would infringe his human rights.

He was convicted in his absence to 25 years for shooting dead farmer Gentjan Jahaj in Albania in July 1997.

Westminster magistrates court heard that Mahmutaj hid on a farm after the murder then fled to the UK, smuggling himself here in a lorry, in December the same year. He has lived in Britain ever since, using 13 aliases to avoid detection.

Alarmingly Mahmutaj, who lives in Huyton in Liverpool, was prosecuted and jailed a number of times in the UK since 2002, but avoided any extradition attempts for several years by using the aliases that fooled the authorities.

His UK offences have included drink driving, driving while disqualified and in 2007 he was jailed for two-and-a-half years at Liverpool Crown Court for possession of firearms. ...

... In the meantime, after paying a £10,000 surety to the court, Mahmutaj is free to walk the streets apart from during a four-hour daily curfew from 11pm until 3am, which is electronically monitored. ...

He says the extradition is unfair as he has never been arrested for the offence and was tried in his absence and it would break up his family. He has a partner in the UK - they have a child and she is expecting another. He also sees a daughter from a previous relationship. ...

A Home Office spokeswoman was unable to say why Mahmutaj was not deported in 2003 when he first came to the attention of the criminal justice system as an illegal immigrant.
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British IS fighters can return to UK from Syria even if they cannot be prosecuted, says security minister
Martin Bentham
Evening Standard, 9 October 2018.

British Islamic State fighters who have taken part in the conflict in Syria will be accepted back into this country even if they cannot be prosecuted, the Government's security minister said today.

Ben Wallace said it was his "number-one preference" to see Britons from IS face justice in a court, and this country would accept any who were either sent here or returned voluntarily.

But he warned there were "clear legal challenges", both in securing the return of Britons currently held by Kurdish forces in Syria and in obtaining enough evidence to prosecute some of them. ...

He added: "British citizens are British citizens. If they seek to come back to this country or another country deports them, we will take them and we will either seek to convict them or we will try to deradicalise them." He also warned of a growing threat of a chemical or biological attack in this country.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – births, USA
Births to Legal and Illegal Immigrants in the U.S.
Steven A. Camarota, Karen Zeigler, and Jason Richwine
Center for Immigration Studies, 9 October 2018.

One of the most obvious and enduring impacts of immigration occurs through immigrants' children. Long after immigrants pass on, their descendants will continue to shape the political, economic, and cultural life in the receiving society. Examining births to immigrants is thus a way of measuring the scale of immigration and its impact on the United States. Because the United States automatically awards citizenship to all persons born in the country, including those born to temporary visitors or illegal immigrants, the overwhelming majority of these children will stay in the United States.

This analysis looks at births to immigrants based on an analysis of the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). ...

In 2014, one in five births (791,000) in the United States was to an immigrant mother (legal or illegal). Our best estimate is that legal immigrants accounted for 12.4 percent (494,000) of all births, and illegal immigrants accounted for 7.5 percent (297,000).

The 297,000 births per year to illegal immigrants is larger than the total number of births in any state other than California and Texas. ...

Among the native-born, a large share of new mothers (42 percent) are either uninsured or on Medicaid. The rate is even higher among new mothers who are legal immigrants (47 percent) and higher still for new mothers who are in the United States illegally (67 percent). Almost all of these births are likely paid for by taxpayers.

Of all births likely paid for by taxpayers, about one in four (429,000) was to an immigrant (legal or illegal). Illegal immigrants account for 11 percent (198,000) of all publicly funded births, and legal immigrants are another 13 percent (231,000).

We estimate that the cost to taxpayers for births to immigrants (legal and illegal) is roughly $5.3 billion – $2.4 billion of which is for illegal immigrants.
[Site link]

Bias – Internet, Google, free speech
'THE GOOD CENSOR': Leaked Google Briefing Admits Abandonment of Free Speech for 'Safety And Civility'
Allum Bokhari
Breitbart, 9 October 2018.

An internal company briefing produced by Google and leaked exclusively to Breitbart News argues that due to a variety of factors, including the election of President Trump, the "American tradition" of free speech on the internet is no longer viable.

Despite leaked video footage showing top executives declaring their intention to ensure that the rise of Trump and the populist movement is just a "blip" in history, Google has repeatedly denied that the political bias of its employees filter into its products.

But the 85-page briefing, titled "The Good Censor," admits that Google and other tech platforms now "control the majority of online conversations" and have undertaken a "shift towards censorship" in response to unwelcome political events around the world.

Examples cited in the document include the 2016 election and the rise of Alternative for Deutschland (AfD) in Germany.

Responding to the leak, an official Google source said the document should be considered internal research, and not an official company position.

The briefing labels the ideal of unfettered free speech on the internet a "utopian narrative" that has been "undermined" by recent global events as well as "bad behavior" on the part of users. ...

It acknowledges that major tech platforms, including Google, Facebook and Twitter initially promised free speech to consumers. ...

The briefing argues that Google, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter are caught between two incompatible positions, the "unmediated marketplace of ideas" vs. "well-ordered spaces for safety and civility."

According to the briefing itself, it was the product of an extensive process involving "several layers of research," including expert interviews with MIT Tech Review editor-in-chief Jason Pontin, Atlantic staff writer Franklin Foer, and academic Kalev Leetaru. 35 cultural observers and 7 cultural leaders from seven countries on five continents were also consulted to produce it.

What is also clear is that many of the briefing's recommendations are now reflected in the policy of Google and its sibling companies.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – Greece
Athens blames Turkey for surge in migrant arrivals
Tania Georgiopoulou
Kathimerini, 9 October 2018.

Greece is pointing the finger of blame for the increased numbers of undocumented migrants flowing into the the Evros region from Turkey on the easing of vigilance by Turkish border authorities.

"There is very strong pressure at the Evros border while at the same time direct contact between local authorities in Greece and Turkey has stopped, which is making the problem worse," a senior official at the Citizens' Protection Ministry told Kathimerini.

Meanwhile, reports that some 500,000 Afghans have recently entered Turkey from Iran and Iraq have sparked fears they could be heading for Greece. ...

According to official data, a total of 1,010 people smugglers were arrested in the period spanning January to August while another 180 were nabbed in September.

Last week, Migration Policy Minister Dimitris Vitsas told Parliament that 3,300 illegal migrants slipped through the Evros border in 2016, while 5,500 crossed in 2017.

The figure has risen exponentially in 2018, with some 12,000 having so far entered the country.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – Greece
Cross in Lesvos pulled down after coexistence group on the island claims it's offensive to migrants
Greek City Times, 9 October 2018.

A huge cement Christian cross, which was built on the rocky shore of Apelli, under the castle of Mytilene in Lesvos, in honour of the people that have died swimming there has been pulled down as a co-existence group based on the island claimed it was offensive to migrants who are not Christian.

According to Lesvos News, the placement of the cross caused negative reactions from aid organisations and a letter was sent to the Harbour Minister of Lesvos and the Mayor of Lesvos, by a coexistence group in Lesvos, stating the Cross was placed there to prevent migrants from swimming. ...

"Please we ask for you to get rid of this inappropriateness of a religious symbol in a swimming site and its conversion into a tool of aspiring crusaders."

A few days after this, the cross was taken down overnight.
[Site link]

Bias – BBC
Robert Peston admits BBC was 'patronising' and 'got it wrong on immigration' by ignoring viewers' worries
Alisha Rouse
Daily Mail, 8 October 2018.

The BBC ignored how migration was affecting millions of its viewers, Robert Peston has admitted.

ITV's political editor, who spent nine years at the corporation, accused the BBC of not being impartial and said it had 'neglected the effect' the EU was having on British families.

'I love the BBC but I did feel that during the Brexit campaign they slightly got confused about what impartial journalism meant,' said Peston, who left the BBC in 2015.

'For too long, people like me had a particular view of the benefits of globalisation and we simply neglected the effect it was having on millions of our citizens.'

He said that journalists including himself had 'patronised' viewers by failing to listen to their worries about migration.

'When we have all that migration from eastern Europe, people like me focused too much on the economic benefits in terms of the rates we were growing, and not enough on the experience of communities who were changing rapidly as a result', he told the Cheltenham Literature Festival.

'In a way, we were slightly patronising. People like me were basically saying "don't you know this is making the country richer?"

'In fact, it was also dislocating hundreds of thousands to millions of lives, and those people's lives had been radically changed by immigration.

'It is not, in my view, racist to be concerned if the composition of your community changes by something like 10 or 15 per cent over a very small number of years.'
[Site link]

Crime – illegal immigration
Illegal immigrant and £70,000 cannabis courier jailed
Megi Rychlikova
York Press, 8 October 2018.

A cannabis courier and illegal immigrant is today behind bars because he drove an uninsured Mercedes, York Crown Court heard.

Rob Galley, prosecuting, said when North Yorkshire Police pulled Shkelqim Meta, 33, over near Wetherby Services on the A1(M) to discuss the traffic crime on September 2, they smelt the drug and searched the car.

Inside they found 7.32 kg of skunk cannabis worth about £70,000 in street deals.

He had been convicted of having a fake immigration document in March, driving without insurance and driving without a licence in a separate case.

Philip Standfast, defending, said Meta had been in the country for about six years, working in car washes and other cash in hand jobs without coming to the attention of the police. ...

Meta, who followed proceedings with the aid of an Albanian translator, was given a nine-month prison sentence and was banned from driving for 15 and a half months.
[Site link]

Diversity – multiculturalism, fears
Rising Ethnic Diversity In Populous Areas Increases Whites' Fears
Alex Bolano
Science Trends, 8 October 2018.

According to proponents of "contact theory," rising ethnic diversity in majority white communities will lead to less racial animus. The reasoning behind the theory is that when whites get to meet and know members of ethnic minorities on a personal and community level, they will develop more positive views of members of that ethnic minority. Some studies seem to support the opposite conclusion though; that increased ethnic diversity increases feelings of threat and distrust amongst whites. Some studies also seem to imply that the more conservative a population is, the more likely they are to respond negatively to outsiders and those who hold differing political opinions.

The prominence of conflicting data on the matter has led to a lack of clarity on the relationship between ethnic diversity and feelings of fear and resentment from whites. A recent study published in the journal Social Science Research provides evidence that both of these theories have truth in them: the determining factor is the size of the community. The study, a meta-analysis of over 171 individual studies conducted since 1995, found that for small communities, contact with ethnic minorities tends to lessen feelings of threat and distrust, while for larger communities, contact seems to elevate feelings of threat and distrust. These results suggest that increasing diversity alone does not make whites more fearful but that the size of a community interacts with rising ethnic diversity to produce feelings of threat.

... They found that in smaller communities consisting of around 5,000-10,000 people, increasing ethnic diversity was associated with decreased perception of threat from native-born whites. However, studies looking at the effects of increased ethnic diversity in large population areas consisting of 50,000 to 500,000 people showed that as ethnic diversity rises, whites report greater feelings of threat and voice more support for anti-immigration policies.
[Site link]

Multiculturalism – Islam
Muslim London: 423 new mosques, 100 Shariah courts
Saudi Gazette, 7 October 2018.

Britain has been acquiring an increasingly Islamic face, with hundreds of official Shariah courts operating in the capital and many mosques dotting many cities.

"London is more Islamic than many Muslim countries put together," Maulana Syed Raza Rizvi, an Islamic preacher, was quoted as saying in the local media.

"Terrorists can not stand London's multiculturalism", London Mayor Sadiq Khan said after the deadly terror attack at Westminster last year.

There are 423 new mosques in London and most of these mosques are crowded at prayer times unlike many churches which rarely see visitors. ...

By 2020, estimates are that the number of Muslims attending prayers will reach at least 683,000, while the number of Christians attending weekly Mass will drop to 679,000.

Since 2001, 500 London churches of all denominations have been turned into private homes. During the same period, British mosques have been proliferating. Between 2012 and 2014, the proportion of Britons who identify themselves as Anglicans fell from 21% to 17%, a decrease of 1.7 million people, while, according to a survey conducted by the respected NatCen Social Research Institute, the number of Muslims has grown by almost a million. Churchgoers are declining at a rate that within a generation, their number will be three times lower than that of Muslims who go regularly to mosque on Friday.

London is also full of Shariah courts. There are officially 100. The advent of this parallel judicial system has been made possible thanks to the British Arbitration Act and the system of Alternative Dispute Resolution.

British universities are also advancing Islamic law.
[Site link]

Crime – fraud, illegal immigration
Master counterfeiter who ran a fake ID factory sold thousands of forged driving licences, identity cards and work permits to foreign nationals looking to get a foothold in the UK
Chris Greenwood
Daily Mail, 6 October 2018.

A master counterfeiter who ran a fake ID factory sold thousands of forged driving licences, identity cards and work permits to foreign nationals looking to get a foothold in the UK.

The professional printer set up a sophisticated and lucrative 'Amazon-style' service which ran for at least seven years.

Customers used email and text messages to order custom-made documents allowing them to work, drive, open bank accounts and claim benefits.

A fake UK driving licence could be bought for just £130.

Investigators said it was impossible to assess how many people may still be using the cards to remain in the country illicitly.

Officers recovered more than 3,000 identity documents, 3,500 passport style photos and 300 construction skills certificate cards.

They also found £15,000 in cash and enough material to create another 40,000 fake bank cards.

At the centre of the conspiracy was Ukrainian company director Sergiy Mykhaylov, 38, who transformed his home in Stratford, East London, into a forgery factory.

Undercover officers from the National Crime Agency (NCA) watched as he met Albanian middlemen who distributed the forged documents to clients. ...

Mark McCormack, of the NCA, said the vast majority of customers were from Albania and countries on the fringes of Europe.

'These cards would provide the basis for someone to start off in the UK, to establish themselves under a different name or even their own.

'It opens up credit, job prospects, the banking system,' he said. 'It was like the Amazon of false identity documents. His services spread rapidly by word of mouth.

'The organisation would provide cards to anybody. It is a very lucrative market.' ...

Mykhaylov pleaded guilty to multiple fraud offences at Blackfriars Crown Court last month. He was jailed for five-and-a-half years.

Accomplices Sergiy Kalinins, 37, and Dmytro Mykhailytskyi, 39, were also jailed for a total of more than 11 years after admitting various offences including fraud.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – Germany
Germany will become African and Islamic if mass migration isn't stopped – Former General
Voice of Europe, 6 October 2018.

Gerd Schutze-Rhonhof, a former major-general, commented on the proposed migration pact of the U.N. which is supposed to be passed in December.

"The central issue of mass migration isn't solved. With all the attempts to make migration across state border more humane, civilised and to steer it in general doesn't solve the main problem of Germany, which is simultaneously irregular mass migration of the future," Schutze-Rhonhof said.

He then continued, "without putting a stop to the frequent mass migration from African and Islamic nations it is foreseeable that the population of Germany will become mostly African and Islamic in two generations. The selling out of the German social system would be completed."

In his eyes the unwillingness to deport rejected asylum seekers is another key factor. In fact DW reported on this earlier this year. Half of the refugees, who are to be deported simply go into hiding. 618.000 refugees in total had their applications rejected according to the Central Register of Foreigners. ...

The newest migration pact by Merkel and the SPD of allowing rejected asylum seekers to stay if they find employment is only going to speed up the attrition of Germany even further.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – Netherlands
Geert Wilders is right: The Netherlands is transforming into a non-Western country, new population model shows
Voice of Europe, 6 October 2018.

For almost 50 years Dutch mainstream politicians refused to do research into the country's population change.

But under the pressure of Geert Wilders and his predecessors the current government can no longer ignore the topic and will start an investigation.

Wilders has spoken for several years about the replacement of the Dutch people. He very well understands the influence that non-western migrants and their sharia laws have on Dutch society.

Dutch professor Jan Latten is worried as well: "We see that the like-minded people [people with the same cultural norms] in the Netherlands live together, there's barely any integration."

"Recent research shows that young Turks and Moroccan Muslims keep on becoming more orthodox. These youths take more distance from Dutch society," Latten adds.

A population model, as presented by research organisation Gefira, shows that the Dutch are 'disappearing' and will be a minority in a few generations'.

"By the end of this century the native population will be 60 per cent smaller while the overall number of inhabitants will have grown, it follows that the Netherlands will inevitably be transformed into a non-Western country," Gefira says.

"The Dutch establishment, like all Western ruling elites, wants people to embrace and celebrate these changes. Mathematical facts and the resultant negative consequences for the native population are framed as "populism", "extremism" or "far right" and regarded as thought crime," the research organisation continues.
[Site link]

Multiculturalism – Gaelic, Urdu, Scotland
Funding for Gaelic 'discriminates against Muslims'
Daniel Sanderson
The Times, 6 October 2018.

A former SNP Holyrood candidate has claimed "anti-Muslim racism" is seeping into Scottish education because language policies treat ethnic minorities as inferior to white Scots.

Nighet Riaz, an academic at the University of the West of Scotland, said Gaelic was promoted and given millions of pounds in ring-fenced public funding while the traditional languages of non-white groups were sidelined in schools. She said that there was a lack of Urdu teachers, with schools unable to meet the needs of large Pakistani communities, particularly in Glasgow.

Dr Riaz was a regional list candidate for the SNP at the 2016 Holyrood election, endorsed by Alex Salmond, the former party leader, and Robin Sturgeon, Nicola Sturgeon's father, but was not elected. She is an SNP equalities officer for ...
[Site link]

Population pressure – housing, Green Belt
England's Green Belt suffers biggest reduction in eight years as councils remove protections to build houses
Jack Maidment
Daily Telegraph, 5 October 2018.

England's Green Belt has suffered its biggest reduction in eight years with more than 5,000 hectares (12,000 acres) lost as councils removed protections on land to meet "unrealistic" Government housing targets.

New statistics show the nation's Green Belt has shrunk by more than 10,000 hectares in a decade with campaigners warning land which is supposed to be off limits is increasingly being targeted for development. ...

The most significant reduction in the area occurred last year with the loss of 5,070 hectares between March 2017 and March 2018, the largest decrease since the Green Belt started shrinking in 2010. That represents a loss of 0.3 per cent.

Despite the relatively small percentage drop, campaigners fear the latest reduction could be the thin end of the wedge as councils struggle to find space to meet housing need. ...

The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) called on the Government to stop asking councils to deliver "unrealistic targets" and to stress the Green Belt should only be used for development as a last resort.
[Site link]

Crime – drugs, slavery
County lines drug dealer, 21, who used three children to sell crack cocaine and heroin while forcing them to live in a squalid flat is the first to be jailed under new modern slavery laws
Ed Riley
MailOnline, 5 October 2018.

A callous drug dealer who trafficked three children across several counties where he forced them to sell heroin and crack cocaine has been jailed in a landmark case.

Zakaria Mohammed, 21, of Aston, Birmingham, groomed three vulnerable victims before making them sell class-A drugs from squalid flats a hundred miles away from their homes.

The two boys and a girl, aged 14 and 15, were transported from Birmingham to Lincoln to work as 'expendable workhorses in cuckooed drugs dens.' ...

Today Mohammed was jailed for 14 years after pleading guilty to running a narcotics supply chain and trafficking two boys and a girl to deal on his behalf.

It's the first time in UK legal history a drug-dealer has been been convicted in Britain for breaching the Modern Slavery Act by trafficking children.

Birmingham Crown Court was told Mohammed's county lines narcotics network - which raked in £500 a day - was rumbled after the teenagers were reported missing. ...

Three further 15-year-old boys, all reported as missing from Birmingham, were found as well as 25 wraps of heroin and crack cocaine, plus cash and two 'zombie' knives.
[Site link]

Racism – anti-Semitism, Jews, Europe
Why many European Jews are abandoning their traditional political homes
Intermountain Jewish News, 4 October 2018.
[Leading article]

It would be most remarkable, would it not, if the majority of American Jews stopped voting Democratic – stopped, cold turkey? This would upend conventional wisdom.

These days, conventional wisdom isn't necessarily conventional – not in Europe, anyway. Changing demographics, shifting policies and geopolitical conditions create new political conventions and strange bedfellows.

A most striking case is the Jewish support of Alternative für Deutschland (AfD), a right-wing populist German political party whose anti-EU and anti-immigration stance has gained it a place in the German – and European – political landscape.

Many American Jews are no doubt baffled. Jewish support for a right-wing populist German party? ...

Our bafflement is the result of our privilege of living in a country in which we feel safe. Sadly, that is not the case for Jews everywhere.

Take the case of British Jews. Labour – the UK's left party – was long the home of British Jews, dating back to the influx of Eastern European migrants in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Yet British Jews are leaving Labour in droves. The primary motivator? Existential fear. In the UK, the political elite on the left has made it clear that it will befriend any enemy of Israel while it continues to attack the Jewish state. Labour's leadership claims to differentiate between anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism yet Britain's Jews aren't buying it. The opposite: they're scared. A recent poll said that if the current Labour leadership would come into power, 40% of British Jews would feel that they would have to emigrate. They feel that they would no longer be protected by their government.

The case of growing anti-Semitism in Britain is top down. It's not coming from disenfranchised, uneducated immigrant groups.

But in many other European countries, the growing anti-Semitism is bottom up. It comes from an influx of migrants from countries and cultures that do not share the value of freedom of religion. That's where a party like Germany's AfD comes in. It claims that by fighting for German democratic values it will protect Jews from the anti-Semitism found among many Muslim immigrants. AfD claims that limiting Muslim migration into Germany will protect German Jews from modern anti-Semitism.

This line of thinking can be found among populists across Europe, from Sweden to Hungary. ...

In the case of Germany, most German Jews, including its leadership, continue to speak out against AfD, whilst still acknowledging the very real anxiety that exists in the community. Let's not forget, Josef Schuster, head of Germany's Jewish umbrella organization, earlier this year told Jews not to wear a kippah publicly after a Syrian asylum seeker assaulted an Israeli who was wearing one. Schuster has also repeatedly said that while he supports Germany taking in refugees, it must be accompanied by refugees and other migrants accepting Germany's democratic values and eschewing anti-Semitism. The question, of course, is whether merely making verbal demands of immigrants from a radically different cultural background will make the slightest difference. Just how, exactly, does one extirpate anti-Semitism and anti-woman values from many Muslim immigrants?
[Site link]

Illegal immigration – fraud, solicitors
Britain is being 'overwhelmed' by crooked immigration solicitors that help 'liars' get into Britain, former judge claims
Tom Witherow
Daily Mail, 3 October 2018.

Legal watchdogs are 'overwhelmed' with cases of crooked solicitors trying to keep illegal migrants in the UK, a former judge has claimed.

James Hanratty, an immigration judge for 16 years, said small legal firms that help 'liars and chancers' get into Britain are running rings around regulators.

He said it was 'disgraceful' that the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) has in the past taken no action when legal professionals broke the law.

He highlighted a case before him where a lawyer made a false statement for a Somali woman who claimed her life was in danger because she was from a minority clan.

She said her husband had been murdered by a warlord at their home – even though her spouse had come to England 18 months earlier to claim asylum himself.

Mr Hanratty said the solicitors acting for the woman had also represented her husband, so they knew her story was not true and had therefore assisted in making a false statement.

The judge reported the firm for perverting the course of justice, but he claimed the regulator took no action because it was 'too busy'.

He added: 'I think the... enforcement teams are overwhelmed by these cases.' Mr Hanratty, who was also chief executive at the Royal Courts of Justice, was speaking at Henley Literary Festival on Monday to promote his book, The Making of an Immigration Judge. ...

... He said smaller law firms acting in migration cases can be difficult to track because, when they are at risk of investigation, they 'close down and operate again five doors down under a different name'.

The SRA, part of the Law Society Group, regulates more than 180,000 solicitors in England and Wales and receives 10,000 reports of code breaches each year.

It said cases involving migration solicitors are a 'big issue' for the regulator.
[Site link]

Politics – Brexit, EU
We Will Never Allow UK to Choose Immigration Policy, Says EU Brexit Boss
Liam Deacon
Breitbart, 3 October 2018.

The European Parliament's Brexit coordinator has said he will "never" allow the UK to control its own borders, claiming a system based on allowing in professionals and people with the skills the nation needs amounts to "discrimination".

Ranting before MEPs on Tuesday, arch-liberal and federalist Guy Verhofstadt also personally attacked senior members of the Tory Party and rejected proposals from leadership favourite Boris Johnson to extend the Article 50 process. ...

On Tuesday, home secretary Sajid Javid announced plans to prioritise immigrants' skills, rather than their country of origin, in a post-Brexit shake-up of the visa system and immigration.

The government claimed the move would bring down numbers by capping unskilled migration. However, critics said numbers could go up as more skilled migrants would be allowed in as businesses would be handed more power.

Mr Verhofstadt rejected the proposals outright, insisting the bloc "will never accept discrimination based on skills and nationality, as Mr Javid this morning proposed".
[Site link]

Politics – Conservative Party
Brexit was not a vote for more immigration
Kathy Gyngell
Conservative Woman, 3 October 2018.

Sadly, but predictably, there was nothing in the Prime Minister's post-Brexit immigration policy announcement yesterday to suggest that she is listening or that she understands the country is overcrowded, its infrastructure lacking and assimilation impossible at this rate of entry.

Her proposals designed to appease business (they didn't) mirror the the narrowly economically oriented advice given by her Migration Advisory Committee, of which Lord Green of Migration Watch was searing in his criticism.

'The combination of the widening of the skill level, opening the route to the whole world, removal of safeguards for UK workers and abolition of the cap on highly-skilled work permits may well be seen in the future as a very serious mistake.' he wrote.

Yesterday he explained why Mrs May's assurances regarding the ending the free movement of EU citizens, giving high-skilled workers preference and curbing low skilled immigration, were hollow. They would not cap net migration. He warned, too, that:

The public should stand by for a gold rush by employers as they race to fish in an unlimited pool of skilled foreign workers rather than train their own. This new immigration system will be widened to include medium skills, there will be no limit on numbers, no checks as to whether a British worker is available – only a minimum salary which can easily be manipulated. With immigration adding one million to our population every three years we must get the numbers down. This new system could well add to net migration. If so, the public would rightly see it as a major step backwards.

For the European Research Group's immigration paper and proposals for a comprehensive reduction in numbers published the day before, however, Lord Green had positive words:

'At last we have proposals for a serious and effective immigration policy for EU migration. It is time that the government stopped dithering and started delivering on their promises to cut immigration as a large majority of the public wish to see.'

What a pity it is not the ERG's advice that Mrs May has chosen to follow.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – crime, burqa, France
Helicopter jailbreak gangster captured in France after 3-month hunt
France 24, 3 October 2018.

A gangster who made a Hollywood-style helicopter prison break was arrested in northern France early Wednesday after three months on the run, at times hiding under a burqa to get around, officials and sources close to the inquiry said.

Notorious French robber Redoine Faid was captured during the night in the Oise region north of Paris along with his brother and a nephew, Paris prosecutor Francois Molins told a press conference.

He said that a few days ago police saw a person wearing a burqa, a loose garment worn by some Muslim women which covers the entire face except the eyes, get into a car driven by a young woman.

"His way of walking suggested that it might be a man," Molins said.

On Tuesday night police spotted the person, again under a burqa, getting out of the car and entering the young woman's home in Creil.

Another person wearing a burqa entered the building shortly afterwards.

That prompted the police raid on the fourth-floor apartment which captured Faid, 46, along with the female driver.
[Site link]

Politics – Conservative Party
May says she will end EU immigrants' priority status after Brexit
Jessica Elgot
The Guardian, 2 October 2018.

EU citizens will no longer be given priority to live and work in Britain in a radical overhaul of immigration policy after Brexit, the prime minister has said, admitting it was possible Britons would have to apply for US-style visas to visit and work in Europe.

Theresa May said the terms of the final deal with the EU could include mobility concessions, but insisted that would now be within the control of the British government. ...

However she avoided discussion of the difficulties that UK citizens might face for future travel to Europe, when asked during a morning tour of broadcasters, saying it would be "part of the negotiations".

She did rule out Britons having to apply for US Esta-style visa waiver forms to visit the EU after Brexit, saying she expected arrangements to be "reciprocal".

Announcing the new policy overnight, the prime minister said highly skilled staff who want to live and work in Britain would be given priority, while low-skilled immigration would be curbed, though the final terms are expected to be subject to the Brexit negotiations.

Speaking on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, May said she was not ruling out mobility concessions as part of a future Brexit deal and that tourism and business travel were a component of the negotiations. ...

May said the government was already piloting a seasonal scheme for agricultural workers but said she was reticent to commit to exemptions for other sectors. ...

"For the first time in decades, it will be this country that controls and chooses who we want to come here," May said in a statement released overnight announcing the shake-up.

"For too long people have felt they have been ignored on immigration and that politicians have not taken their concerns seriously enough."
[Site link]

Politics – Conservative Party
Britain's migration revolution: Home Secretary Sajid Javid unveils the biggest immigration reform for decades - vowing to end EU free movement, give no preference to European workers and insist that firms try to hire Brits first
Jason Groves and Ian Drury
Daily Mail, 2 October 2018.

Far fewer low-skilled workers will be allowed in from Europe after Brexit, Sajid Javid and Theresa May pledged last night.

Unveiling the biggest immigration reform for decades, the Home Secretary vowed to end EU free movement completely.

He said the system would now focus on skilled workers and Europeans would be treated the same as citizens from anywhere else.

Promoting the plans today Mrs May refused three times to spell out if the plans would cut arrivals to Britain to the target of 100,000.

In an exclusive interview with the Daily Mail, Mr Javid also warned that migrants would have to integrate.

'If you want to come to our country and contribute, great,' he said, speaking exclusively to the Daily Mail. 'But in exchange, we expect you to live by our British values and respect our values.' ...

The immigration system unveiled today will be put in place from January 2021, after the UK's transition out of the EU is complete. European migrants will have to apply for work visas in the same way as those from the rest of the world.

Tourists would remain free to travel to the UK, and business travellers on short trips are expected to face a light-touch regime. The three million EU citizens already living in the UK will have full rights to stay. ...

Mr Javid said his reforms would result in unskilled immigration from Europe becoming 'much lower than it is today'.

He questioned the benefit of large-scale unskilled immigration, saying: 'It must have some kind of negative impact on wages growth in the UK.'

But the Home Secretary insisted Britain would remain 'a positive, outward-looking nation open to the best talent from across the world'. ...

He said the target to slash net immigration to the 'tens of thousands' might not last beyond the next election.
[Site link]

Border controls – free-trade agreements
How the special migration rules in free trade deals work
Liliana Harding
The Conversation, 2 October 2018.
[The author is Senior Lecturer in Economics, University of East Anglia]

EU migrants will be treated the same for immigration purposes after Brexit as migrants from elsewhere in the world, according to a new UK immigration strategy outlined by the prime minister, Theresa May. But she has admitted that any free trade deal struck between the UK and EU after Brexit could include special provisions on the mobility of people.

Ultimately, migration could be included in a section of any new trade deal between the UK and the EU. This is something the Migration Advisory Committee noted in a wide-ranging report on EU migration to the UK, published in September.

Most trade today takes place under the governance of regional and bilateral free trade agreements between two countries, or groups of countries. Increasingly this covers provisions on services as well as the movement of goods – and it can also include special rules on immigration too.

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) supports different means for the liberalisation of services, based on its General Agreement on Trade in Services. Part of this framework, known as [Mode 4], refers to the movement of people providing services across borders.

Such movement of people to provide services refers to two broad categories: key employees transferred on an intra-company basis, including managers and technical staff; and business visitors or independent foreign professionals in selected sectors. However, the vast majority of "Mode 4" movements remain restricted to short-term visits, and do not allow for gainful employment in the host country. It is also telling that only some 1-2% of all trade in 2005 was accounted for by the "Mode 4" services trade, according to WTO statistics.

The WTO records 288 physical free trade areas (FTAs), 145 of which include specific provisions on free movement of services. Only about 40 of these agreements allow for further preferences with respect to mobility of people as service providers. Overall, this means that the liberalisation of free trade has not liberalised the free movement of people around the world. ...

According to UNESCO visa arrangements under FTAs can include full visa exemptions, temporary visa exemptions, visa exemptions for specific activities, or agreements regarding entry rights or visa-free travel.

A key example of a regime with full visa exemptions is the European Union's single market, which provides free movement of member states' citizens in its territory. /.../ They are expected to gain employment within three months of their arrival as a condition of their right to remain, although this has been difficult to monitor in the EU.
[Site link]

Extremism – Islam, Turkish government, Europe
Turkey: Building Mosques, Erasing Christianity
Uzay Bulut
Gatestone Institute, 2 October 2018.

The Turkish government spends hundreds of millions of dollars building mosques as part of a long-term effort to promote Islam around the world. Many Muslims hope that new mosques throughout Europe will advance and facilitate their wish to spread Islam to non-Islamic countries and persuade the Christian "infidels" to abandon their faith in favor of Islam.

On September 29, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan inaugurated Turkey's latest European mosque, "The Cologne Central Mosque," located in the Cologne, Germany. ...

Meanwhile, as a huge new mosque is being inaugurated in Germany, the greatest Christian Orthodox theological school, located on the island of Halki (Heybeliada) in the Sea of Marmara, has remained closed for almost 50 years by the order of the Turkish government. Moreover, less than a kilometer away from the shuttered Christian seminary, a new center of Islamic studies spanning a total area of 200 acres is scheduled to be built.

DITIB, the group that built the new Cologne mosque, runs more than 900 mosques across Germany. These mosques are linked to the Turkish government's Directorate of Religious Affairs, or Diyanet, which provides imams to DITIB mosques. ...

Meanwhile, the Turkish government is continuing to annihilate the Christian heritage in Turkey. For instance, the Orthodox Theological Seminary has become a symbol of the systematic discrimination that Christians have been exposed to in Turkey.

The only school for training the leadership of Orthodox Christianity, the Halki seminary was closed by the Turkish government in 1971. Since then, the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople has been unable to train clergy and potential successors for the position of Patriarch. ...

The Greeks of Turkey – the remnants of the once great Byzantine Empire – are a severely persecuted and even almost completely exterminated people. They have been exposed, among other crimes against humanity, to a genocide, pogroms and forced deportations at the hands of multiple Turkish governments. As a result, there are only around 1,300 Greeks left in Istanbul. ...

The activities of Diyanet include building of mosques across the world. According to its official website, Diyanet has completed the construction of mosques in places such as the United States, Russia, Belarus, Germany, Somalia, Haiti, Kazakhstan, and Gaza. New mosques are currently being built in Albania, Kyrgyzstan, Turkish-occupied northern Cyprus, Djibouti, Sweden, and England. ...

According to the Diyanet Foundation, Diyanet has also built mosques in Lebanon, Mali, Philippines, and Crimea. ...

Today's Turkish government, apparently acting in line with its own determined jihadist ideology, is building mosques in Europe and beyond, and using many of them for its own Islamic fundamentalist agenda and outreach. A weak, misguided and misled Europe seems to be eagerly submitting to this ideology.
[Site link]

Immigration – Belgian minister
'They want to come to YOUR country' Belgian minister blames UK for EU's migration woes
Joe Barnes
Daily Express, 1 October 2018.

Belgium's firebrand immigration minister has placed an extraordinary level of blame on "beautiful" Britain for Europe's immigration woes ahead of a visit to a number of the country's main ports on Monday.

Theo Francken insisted the "British way of life" plays a huge role in the decision undertaken by would-be asylum seekers planning on taking the treacherous journey from either the Middle East or Africa to Europe.

He has called for Belgium and Britain to sign a bilateral deal, which could see millions of pounds sent to the Continent in order to handle illegal migration. ...

Mr Francken is currently leading a crackdown on illegal immigrants, mainly from Iraq, in the Belgian capital of Brussels, the beating heart of the EU.

He said: "We try to get them to return to Iraq. But, now they say they don't want to return, they want to go to the UK."

The controversial immigration minister added migrants crossing into Europe "all want to go to your country because you don't have identity cards, you have very lucrative black markets and you have a lot of English-Speaking migrants from those communities".

"Your country, the British way of life, is really the push factor," he declared. ...

The Belgian minister said: "For me, it is nothing to do with Brexit because you're not even in the Schengen area.

"Even though there's a Brexit, there will still be migrants trying to go to the UK. It won't stop because you're out of the European Union, the European Union has nothing to do with this." ...

While member states argue amongst themselves, Mr Francken is hoping to agree a bilateral migration agreement between Britain and Belgium, similar to the one signed between Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron in January.

Paris and London's agreement sees Britain stumping up £44.5 million for extra security measures in France to prevent another refugee camp forming in Calais or other Channel ports. ...

"We need a UK and Belgium bilateral as soon as possible because the problem is really increasing, and Britain has to want to help us out.

"They are really all trying to get into your country."
[Site link]

Politics – Conservative Party
Iain Duncan Smith: 'EU migrants should have to wait five years before they can claim benefits'
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 1 October 2018.

EU migrants should be banned from claiming benefits in Britain until they have lived here for five years, Iain Duncan Smith will say today.

The former Tory leader says welfare payments for EU migrants cost the UK nearly £5 billion last year and he is calling for a tough new regime post-Brexit.

He argues such curbs would reduce the number of unskilled workers arriving from Eastern Europe and help the Tories hit their tens of thousands migration target.

The report, backed by the European Research Group of Tory MPs which is calling on Mrs May to abandon Chequers, states: 'People allowed into the UK for work should have no access to income-related, family or housing benefits for a set period.

'This paper proposes five years, although an alternative could be to require a four-year record of NI contributions.'

It also calls for a work permit system to replace free movement after we leave the EU. There would also be a cap on numbers in different sectors of the economy but fewer curbs on highly skilled migrants.
[Site link]

Immigration – border controls, EU immigrants
Controlling EU Migration After Brexit Could Be Too Hard, Says Whitehall
Liam Deacon
Breitbart, 1 October 2018.

Civil servants have told ministers that attempts to respect the referendum result and reform the UK immigration system after Brexit could cause a "Windrush-style" crisis.

They claim that distinguishing between European Union (EU) migrants arriving after the divorce date and those who were here before, and therefore retain a right to remain and be treated as UK citizens, will be difficult.

Ministers hope to introduce a system from January 2021 that will end open borders and the ability of unlimited numbers of EU citizens to use the taxpayer-funded NHS and claim benefits.

They also hope to cut the number of low-skilled workers entering Britain and driving down wages. However, Mrs May has promised EU citizens already here they will retain the same rights.

Whitehall is trying to work out how to distinguish EU citizens with different rights after Brexit.

However, according to The Times, "officials" are making alarming warnings that a two-tier system will be "very difficult" to enforce in person, and online.

Existing migrants will retain the right of free movement, able to come and go, and the claim is that there is not currently a way to know at the border what EU migrants will still have this right.

Hospitals will also need to know when an EU migrant arrived in the UK to know if they can get free treatment and landlords have a legal responsibility to try and not let a property to people in the country illegally.

The Tory home secretary Sajid Javid wants to implement the system within two years, but sceptics say this is not feasible.

Last week Mr Javid reportedly told Cabinet ministers the UK's borders would remain open to limitless EU migration for 30 months after Brexit.
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