Immigration and related issues, mainly in the United Kingdom.

Details of other pages are at the end of this page


Extracts in date order, except latest additions first. Updated 21 July 2019

Updating has now unfortunately ceased, either temporarily or permanently.

Politics – Conservative Party
It would be a huge mistake if the next PM does away with immigration targets
Nick Timothy
Daily Telegraph, 18 July 2019.

In 2010, as the Conservatives returned to government after 13 years in exile, George Osborne warned his colleagues. "Our promise to cut immigration is a big reason we're here," he said. "Support the Home Office in getting it done, or we won't be sitting here much longer."

As time went on, ministers' support for immigration control waned with Osborne's. While the numbers came down at first, they soon went shooting back up. Yet when the Tories faced the electorate again, in 2015, they repeated their pledge: annual net migration would be cut to the tens of thousands.

Today, net migration stands at 258,000 per year. And Jeremy Hunt and Boris Johnson want to drop the target. Boris refuses to promise to cut the numbers, and supports an amnesty for illegal immigrants. The target – and, perhaps, the Tory promise to reduce immigration – is no more. ...

On its own a target is obviously not a mechanism for reducung immigration. A target matters only if you are trying to hit it, and ministers gave up on that a long time ago. Blaming a target when the policies to achieve it have been deliberately and cynically weakened makes no sense at all. ...

This is why it is impossible to take the politics out of immigration. If you put it in the hands of liberal technocrats, they will always insist the economy needs higher and higher numbers.

Without clear and aggressive objectives to reduce immigration – set by politicians on behalf of voters – annual statements and independent offices will simply become a means of "managing" massive levels of immigration. ...

... But we must have a clear objective to cut immigration overall. Without that, there will be no pressure on ministers and officials to bring the numbers down.

And to do that, the Conservatives need to answer questions they have long dodged. If we are dependent on migration for plumbers, electricians and engineers, why do we neglect technical and vocational education? If we are reliant on foreign doctors and nurses, why is NHS workforce planning and training not better? If farming cannot find local workers to pick crops, why don't we invest in technologies to end back-breaking and miserable work? If the hospitality industry cannot persuade young people to work in restaurants and hotels, isn't one answer to pay them more? ...

If we answer these questions, we can set demanding objectives that allow us to reduce and control immigration. But if we continue to dodge them we will never get to grips with the problem.

The public consistently votes for lower immigration, and is consistently ignored. They deserve a government that listens, and has a plan to deliver what they demand.
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Multiculturalism – Poles
Why are there so few Polish people on British TV?
Ben Sixsmith
The Spectator, 20 July 2019.

Have you ever seen a Pole on British television? Poles are the biggest immigrant group in Britain, numbering between 900,000 and one million, so you might think they would be all over the TV. But no, there are hardly any. ...

There are plenty of programmes that focus on British Asians: Informer, Muslims Like Us, Citizen Khan, Man Like Mobeen, My Asian Alter Ego, The Big Asian Stand-Up, Goodness Gracious Me and more. Meanwhile there are almost no documentaries, dramas or sitcoms about Poles in the UK. ...

Why do we not hear about this lack of representation? There are campaigns for all sorts of minority groups to be represented better on TV – and we hear a lot about the need for more female or LGBT voices to be heard. But when it comes to Poles, no one seems to care. I searched the Guardian website for any mention of Polish marginalisation. Nothing. Nic.

Granted, Poles don't seem to mind. Polish migrants rarely get involved with identity politics. Being white and Christian, they are a lesser concern to the sort of left-wing activist who gets worked up about cultural representation. ...

'Cultural representation' is a modish issue, but it is not half as important for most people as a good income, an affordable home, decent schools and healthcare.
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Employment – drought of workers
Open up immigration or 'cripple' industry, business bosses warn the next prime minister
Tim Wallace
Daily Telegraph, 17 July 2019.

The economy faces a devastating drought of workers if the immigration system is not seriously overhauled after Brexit, businesses have warned, with a skills shortage already biting in industries such as hospitality and construction.

Retailers, recruiters, tech bosses, universities and other key sectors have written to Boris Johnson and Jeremy Hunt to demand a border which "works towards building a successful economy that is open and attractive".

"The proposed future immigration system risks exacerbating the UK's already chronic skills and labour shortages and could cripple a number of businesses across sectors," said the coalition of business and education groups. ...

The letter calls for the threshold for migrant workers to be lowered from £30,000 per year to £20,000; the temporary work route to be extended from one year to two years and the reinstatement of the two-year visa for international students graduating from British universities. It comes after Mr Johnson refused to commit to bringing down net migration.
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Immigration – Brexit, Global Britain
If we want to build a Global Britain, the migrant salary cap must go
Blythe Edwards
CapX, 17 July 2019.

It's been said time and time again that leaving the European Union is an opportunity for the UK to build a fairer, more streamlined immigration policy. If we're serious about sticking to these sentiments, and becoming a more global Britain after Brexit, scrapping the current annual salary threshold for migrant workers would be a good place to start.

The current threshold of £30,000, which is set to extend to all non-UK workers once the UK leaves the European Union in October, has faced widespread criticism, including from business, policy experts and both Labour and Conservative MPs.

The White Paper from last year introducing Theresa May's 'skills-based immigration system', described by the Prime Minister as a plan that "welcomes talent, hard work, and the skills we need as a country", seemed primarily designed to crack down on low-skilled immigration.

But far from being in the UK's so-called "best interests", the tightening of immigration policy makes it harder for skilled migrants (many of whom have received their education or training here) to work in the UK. ...

Rather than extending harmful minimum salary restrictions to EU citizens, Brexit should be an opportunity to scrap damaging immigration policies altogether and establish an equal playing field for all prospective migrants. Britain needs a system which treats migrants as individuals rather than as widgets with value, determined solely by their nationality or current income level.

To establish a more global Britain, which looks as much to India and North America as to the continent, any post-Brexit government should seek to eliminate the built-in prejudice favouring European migrants. But this levelling should come by eliminating the economically damaging immigration requirements in their entirety, not by extending the policy to inflict equal detriment.

Promisingly, both Conservative leadership contenders have expressed a willingness to reconsider the policy. As well, Home Secretary Sajid Javid has recently asked the Migration Advisory Committee to reconsider the proposal. ...

After October 31, the UK should seek to preserve and enhance its position as a global hub for entrepreneurial talent. Immigration represents potential for the UK economy that will benefit everyone, it is not something to be feared.
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Diversity – universities, USA
The Diversity Distortion
John Hasnas
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 17 July 2019.

In 1996, Alan Sokal, a professor of physics, submitted a hoax article to Social Text, a journal of postmodern cultural studies, which published it. Last year, in what became known as the Sokal Squared hoax, James Lindsay, Helen Pluckrose, and Peter Boghossian created 20 fake papers that they submitted to several cultural studies journals. Seven of them had been selected for publication at the time the hoax became public.

The point of the Sokal Squared hoax was to highlight the lack of rigor in what the authors of the hoax called "grievance studies," academic programs addressing issues of race, gender, sexual orientation, and identity. But in the uproar over the hoax, a more fundamental question has been overlooked. Why are there so many such programs? What accounts for the rapid proliferation of university departments devoted to the study of minority cultural identity? ...

... Is there something beyond their inherent academic value that is driving the growth of cultural studies programs at the expense of other departments and, perhaps, the overall health of the university?

The answer is yes. It is the contemporary university's quest for a diverse faculty.

Almost all elite universities make it a top priority to increase the number of minorities and women on their faculty. Yale is pursuing a $50 million initiative to enhance faculty diversity; Brown has committed $100 million to hiring 60 additional faculty members from historically under-represented groups; Princeton committed funds to support 15 to 20 diversity hires.

The problem is that universities cannot simply go out and hire the desired minority and women faculty. ...

... Faculty hiring is an employment decision and employment decisions are governed by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. ...

Under Title VII, universities may undertake strenuous affirmative action efforts to assemble the most diverse pool of applicants possible. They may specifically recruit African Americans, women, and other minorities to apply for faculty positions. Once the selection process has begun, however, Title VII prohibits any consideration of a candidate's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. ...

These legal restrictions mean that to diversify their faculties, universities must create new positions that would appeal only to women or minority scholars or for which women and minority scholars are likely to be the most qualified candidates. The surest way to do this is to increase the number of positions in women's studies, critical race theory, LGBTQ studies, and other cultural identity-based programs. To a significant extent, the growth of what the Sokal Squared authors derisively refer to as grievance studies is a by-product of universities' efforts to obtain a more diverse faculty.

This would not be not harmful if, in fact, the university's most urgent academic need is in the cultural studies area. But it can be quite damaging to a university if this is not the case. ...

... The drive for diversity now diverts the development of the university's curriculum away from the path dictated by its educational values, needs, and goals. In a classic example of the tail wagging the dog, the university's academic mission becomes subservient to its drive for diversity.
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Politics – Conservative Party
Most people think it is right to reduce migration. We need a Sustainable Immigration Plan
Mark Harper MP
ConservativeHome, 16 July 2019.
[Mark Harper was Immigration Minister from 2012 to 2014]

One very clear message that the electorate continues to send to politicians is the importance of having a sensible migration policy that controls the levels of immigration into our country. ...

The Conservative Party has spent nine years and three general elections pledging to bring net migration down to the tens of thousands, yet last year it stood at 253,000 a year. It is clear that some new thinking is required to make our migration policy more effective, and this involves moving beyond our current net migration target.

What was a powerful statement of intent in 2010 now stands as a visible statement of a target that we have never managed to hit. ...

Despite being maligned as too tough by the Left, the target has proved weak. It sits above different migration routes and therefore gives no indication of the government's priorities between different skills, industries or types of migration. It has no teeth with Whitehall departments, allowing the merry-go-round of departmental and business special pleading to continue with no consideration of the trade-offs.

As a result, net migration adds a city the size of Newcastle upon Tyne to the population each year. If you add up cumulative net migration since 2010, a total of 1.4 million more people have come to the UK compared to if we had hit our net migration target every year. It is hardly surprising that a majority of every age group, ethnicity and both Remain and Leave voters support reducing immigration and three quarters of people think reducing immigration to the tens of thousands is the right thing to do.

That is why I support new proposals this morning from the thinktank Onward to replace the target with a long-term Sustainable Immigration Plan – published by the Home Office every year and presented to Parliament. This would force the Government to set out its own plans and forecasts for immigration, across different routes, skills and nationalities and make the trade-offs that are inherent in immigration policy.

But this plan needs teeth. That is why we should go one step further and create a new independent Office for Migration Responsibility – along the lines of the independent Office for Budget Responsibility – to enable Ministers to be held to account on the impact of their own immigration policies. This body would provide the information needed to enable Parliament to hold Ministers' feet to the fire on their promises on immigration and bring an end to unattainable targets.

We must restore public confidence in immigration policy by not only setting out a well-structured and actionable plan to make sure politicians have the ability to decide which – and how many – people come into the country every year, but by being truly accountable for delivering on it.
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Crime – drugs
Albanian gang of 12 men are jailed for a total of 33 years for supplying cocaine to City workers in London's Square Mile
Isabella Nikolic
MailOnline, 16 July 2019.

An Albanian gang supplying cocaine to City workers in London's Square Mile has been jailed for 33 years.

The twelve-strong gang, comprising two lieutenants, eight couriers and two others was busted with 1.2 kilos of the drug, worth £144,000.

City of London Police also recovered £20,000 cash and two phones used by the controllers which were described as 'extremely active' drug lines. ...

The two lieutenants were Bledar Ponari, 28 and Fjoralb Fera, 21.
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Immigration abroad – asylum claims, USA
Trump to stop migrants claiming asylum after crossing Mexico in major border crackdown
Chris Riotta
Independent, 16 July 2019.

Donald Trump's administration has taken steps to officially end asylum protections for Central American migrants arriving at the US-Mexico border.

The US Justice Department published a new rule in the Federal Register on Monday that would make migrants passing through another country before arriving in the country initially ineligible for asylum.

The rule appeared set to provoke an extensive legal battle between the Trump administration and immigrant rights groups.

The rule, expected to go into effect on Tuesday, also applies to children who have crossed the border alone.

There are some exceptions: If someone has been trafficked, if the country the migrant passed through did not sign one of the major international treaties that govern how refugees are managed, or if an asylum-seeker sought protection in a country but was denied.

US law allows refugees to request asylum when they arrive at the country's borders regardless of how they did so, but there is an exception for those who have come through a country considered to be "safe".

But the Immigration and Nationality Act, which governs asylum law, is vague on how a country is determined "safe"; it says the determination is made "pursuant to a bilateral or multilateral agreement".

Right now, the US has such an agreement, known as a "safe third country," only with Canada.

Under a recent agreement with Mexico, Central American countries were considering a regional compact on the issue, but nothing has been decided. ...

The rule applies to migrants who are arriving to the US, not those who are already in the country.

Officials say the changes are meant to close the gap between the initial asylum screening most people pass and the final decision on asylum most people do not win. ...

Tens of thousands of Central American migrant families cross the border each month, many claiming asylum.
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Asylum – illegal immigration
Refugees living on British military base in Cyprus allowed to settle in UK
Simon Israel
Channel 4 News, 15 July 2019.

They were marooned on a British military base in Cyprus for 20 years, but now five refugee families are finally being resettled in the UK.

Their arrival here will end the long-running dispute with the British government, which initially refused to accept them after they were rescued by the RAF from their shipwrecked boat.

Their case went all the way to the highest court in the land before the Home Office finally relented, insisting this was an exceptional one-off decision.
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Politics – Conservative Party
Two of Theresa May's closest aides denounce her migration target as a 'visible statement of failure'
Edward Malnick
Sunday Telegraph, 14 July 2019.

Two of Theresa May's closest aides have denounced her migration target as a "visible statement of failure" and called for it to be scrapped by her successor.

Will Tanner and Richard Chew, who advised Mrs May in the Home Office and Downing Street, warned that net migration is adding the equivalent of a city the size of Newcastle to the population each year, despite the Conservatives' repeated promises to reduce levels to "tens of thousands".

In a report to be published on Tuesday, Mr Tanner and Mr Chew state that voters from every age and ethnic minority group believe that migration levels should be reduced.

Unless Mrs May's successor replaces the target with a "proper plan to achieve control", he will leave an "open goal for Nigel Farage", according to Mr Tanner, the former deputy director of the Downing Street policy unit.

The report for Onward, a centre-Right think tank launched last year, will claim that plans put forward by Boris Johnson and Jeremy Hunt on migration will both fail to reduce the pressure on public services and restore public trust in the system. ...

Mr Johnson has advocated an Australian-style points-based system. ...

The report will warn that points-based systems are "typically used explicitly to increase migration, while simply abolishing the net migration target with no alternative, as proposed by Jeremy Hunt, will just release pressure on Whitehall".
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Politics – Conservative Party
Britain's Johnson backs illegal migrants amnesty
Al Arabiya / AFP, 14 July 2019.

Boris Johnson, the frontrunner to be Britain's next prime minister, said Saturday that he supported the idea of an amnesty for illegal migrants.

However, he said any efforts to regularize the status of long-term irregular workers must be matched by a clampdown on new arrivals to avoid creating a "pull factor."

Johnson first floated the idea of an amnesty when he was mayor of London. Now running for leader of the ruling Conservatives, he said he remained in favor.

He suggested there were around 500,000 people in London who had lived there for a decade or more but never registered and "are not able to pay taxes."

"I don't think it's commonsensical to think we can deport such a large number of people. We do need to think of how to regularize their status," he told a leadership campaign event in the east of England.

He said that despite the government's efforts to clamp down on irregular migration, deporting people was "very difficult legally" and the number of removals was "vanishingly small."

"What I'm proposing would probably not make much practical difference in the existing state of affairs, it would regularize what is already going on."

However, he added: "We have to show that we would simultaneously deport first bounce, as it were, people who are coming in illegally." ...

He himself is a strong advocate of immigration, saying it was one of the reasons London and the south-east of England was so dynamic.

However, he acknowledged many voters wanted to know there was some control, and has previously proposed to ensure new arrivals speak English, have certain skills and have a job offer.
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Multiculturalism – misconduct, doctors, nurses
Foreign doctors are revealed to be behind 60% of all sex assaults on patients - but NHS wants fewer of them taken to disciplinary hearings
Jake Ryan and Stephen Adams
Mail on Sunday, 14 July 2019.

Foreign-trained doctors commit six in ten cases of sexual misconduct with patients, even though they make up only a third of NHS medics, shock new figures reveal.

They accounted for 23 of 38 proven incidents in the past three years, according to figures obtained by The Mail on Sunday. Allegations include indecent behaviour, sexual assault and even rape.

The alarming statistics have emerged just as the NHS has introduced targets to reduce the numbers of black and ethnic minority staff – almost two-thirds of whom trained abroad – being hauled before disciplinary hearings.

Britain's 95,000 doctors from black and minority ethnic backgrounds (BME) are more than twice as likely to be referred to the GMC as their white colleagues. There is a similar pattern with other staff such as nurses.

NHS chief people officer Prerana Issar, who recently joined from the United Nations, wrote: 'It is not acceptable that if you come from some backgrounds, you are more likely to enter the formal disciplinary process, stay in it longer and have more career-limiting outcomes. We must change this and quickly.'

A new document gives NHS trusts what it calls 'aspirational goals' to reduce the likelihood of BME staff being referred for disciplinary action, so the rates are more in line with white staff.
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Repatriation/deportation – crime
Deported thief is allowed back into the UK under EU freedom of movement laws
Michael Hamilton
The Sun, 14 July 2019.

A Portuguese robber booted out of Britain after being jailed here has been allowed back under EU freedom of movement. ...

The man, known only as J Pedro, got 28 months in 2015 for two robberies while studying at a UK university.

At the end of his prison term, he was deported.

He was caught trying to sneak back illegally in 2016 and stopped. But his lawyers were able to argue that under freedom of movement laws, which would end under Brexit, he must be allowed to return.

His legal team also claimed he was traumatised by his mother's death three years before his crimes. ...

Judge Doron Blum said: "The offending had to be considered in the context of his mental health." ...

Last week it emerged a Romanian national who carried out a string of serious criminal offences could not be deported because he is protected by EU law.

Denis Viscu, 20, received 14 convictions for 20 offences including robbery and knife possession between July 2014 and March 2017.
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Benefits and costs – aid for immigrants
Millions of pounds to be made available to help communities cope with influx of migrants
Kevin Schofield
PoliticsHome, 13 July 2019.

Millions of pounds will be ploughed into communities to help them cope with a large influx of migrants, it has been announced.

The cash will be spent on tackling rogue landlords, helping to alleviate rough sleeping and boosting English classes.

A total of £28m will be distributed around the country from the Government's Controlling Migration Fund, which has now made more than £100m available since it was set up in 2016. ...

Stockport Council used money from the fund to develop a bilingual teaching assistant programme to support children who start school or nursery with little or no English.
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Population pressure – housing
Why is immigration routinely ignored in discussion of the housing crisis?
Alp Mehmet
Conservative Woman, 13 July 2019.

The UK's young people are bearing the brunt of a housing crisis that is pricing them out of owning their own homes.

At Migration Watch, we have never claimed that immigration is the sole reason for the problem – only that rapid, immigration-driven population growth is one of several important factors to consider.

The truth is that housing is a prime example of the potential negative impacts of uncontrolled immigration that are not captured by economic analyses but which are widely felt by many every day.

Despite this, many dismiss the impact that immigration-driven population growth has in adding to housing demand.

In one example, a Guardian journalist launched an attack on the outgoing Prime Minister after Theresa May uttered this sentence: 'The sheer volume [of net migration] has put pressure on public services, like schools, stretched our infrastructure, especially housing.'

The writer said the idea that immigration is putting pressure on public services and housing 'bears no resemblance to reality' and accused Mrs May of 'scapegoat[ing]' those from overseas. (Incidentally, recent polling, for instance by Ipsos Mori, suggests that two-thirds of the public agree with Mrs May that immigration puts pressure on public services and housing.)

Our updated briefing on housing says that action to reduce significantly the level of net migration (which has averaged nearly 300,000 per year over since 2014) needs to be part of any solution to the housing crisis.

The briefing makes the following points:

1 The UK has a housing crisis because supply is insufficient for current population growth. Home ownership is falling and a growing number of young people have to live with their parents due to high rents.

2 Immigration is an important factor. For example, it drove up house prices in England by about 20 per cent between 1991 and 2016 (Government bulletin, April 2018).

3 ONS statistics (summarised in Table 2 in Annex A of our paper) show that 90 per cent (or 1.1 million) of the rise of 1.2 million households in England between 2005 and 2015 can be attributed to additional households with a non-UK born head.

4 It has been projected by the ONS that immigration to England at current levels will generate the need to build one home every six minutes, night and day.

5 Even this underestimates the impact of immigration on future housing demand, since it takes account only of future arrivals. The relatively young age structure of the existing non-UK born population means this will also drive future household growth.

6 The UK housing crisis must be addressed but not by building on the green belt and eating up more of our countryside. A major reduction in immigration has to be a significant part of the solution, in addition to improvements in the supply of housing.

7 A majority (54 per cent) of those who say there is a housing crisis have said they see immigration as the main reason (Parliamentary briefing, 2017).

8 55 per cent of 18-24-year-olds support the government's promise to reduce the immigration by a significant amount. Immigration is clearly a key factor in rising housing costs.
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Population pressure – schools
Secondary schools face 420,000 rise in pupil numbers following baby boom in the 2000s that was partly driven by high immigration
Sarah Harris
Daily Mail, 12 July 2019.

Secondary schools will need to find 418,000 extra pupil places over the next decade following a baby boom, estimates show.

Department for Education figures published yesterday predict the secondary school population will hit 3.3 million by 2027 – a rise of 14.7 per cent.

It follows a baby boom in the early 2000s partly driven by an increase in immigration, which has put pressure on primary places for years and will now feed through secondaries.

Last year the overall number of secondary pupils rose by 1.9 per cent on 2017 to 2,849,000, while primary schools saw a 1.1 per cent rise in the population – expected to fall by 2027.

The DfE document states direct immigration of pupils born outside the UK 'has a very small effect on the school age population', but adds: 'The birth rate, which has a much larger effect, is in turn affected by any increase in the number of children born to non-UK born women (who overall tend to have higher fertility rates).'

It adds: 'The number of children born to non-UK born women rose by around 75 per cent between 2002 and 2013, although this was a period of increased births generally.'
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Immigration abroad – Islam, public opinion, Germany
Half of Germany sees Islam as a threat, survey claims
James Tweedie
MailOnline, 12 July 2019.

One in every two Germans sees Islam as a threat, according to a survey published on Thursday.

The latest twice-yearly 'Religion Monitor' poll by the Bertelsmann Foundation found that 50 per cent of those interviewed were suspicious of the religion, Bild reported.

But only 13 per cent of respondants wanted immigration halted, the foundation's religion expert Yasemin El-Menouar was keen to point out.

'Widespread scepticism of Islam' did 'not necessarily equate to Islamophobia,' she said.

'Apparently, many people currently view Islam less as a religion, but above all as a political ideology and therefore exempt it from religious tolerance,' El-Menouar said.

Some 5 million Muslims live in Germany - 1.5 million of them in the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
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Crime – child sexual abuse, police politics
The child sex victims betrayed by police who were afraid of being called racist [part 1]
Maggie Oliver
Daily Mail, 12 July 2019.
[Adapted from Survivors: One Brave Detective's Battle To Expose The Rochdale Child Abuse Scandal]

For a few months, I genuinely wondered if I was going mad. As a serving police officer, I was convinced I'd witnessed a gross miscarriage of justice – and yet no one seemed to agree.

At its heart were two vulnerable young sisters, who'd been aged just 12 and 15 when they were caught up in the tentacles of an Asian paedophile gang in Rochdale.

'Trust us,' we'd told Ruby and Amber. 'We'll do our utmost to bring all of these vile men to trial, so that no other children will have to suffer at their hands.'

But we hadn't. Instead, we'd pulled back and let most of the abusers off the hook. And that made me boil with fury, particularly as it was me who'd coaxed the sisters over several months to relive their searingly painful experiences in a police interview suite.

But what could I do? I was just a detective constable, and my bosses refused to take my complaints seriously.

I appealed for help to the Police Federation, the Children's Commissioner and the Independent Police Complaints Commission, but no one would support me. I was completely on my own. ...

Not only had Amber and Ruby suffered an appalling injustice – but most of their abusers were still walking the streets of Rochdale. ...

... Two years before, Rochdale police had launched an investigation into Asian paedophiles who were abusing children – but wound it up without charging a single man. ...

Roll on a couple of years. In 2010, Greater Manchester police launched Operation Span to take up where Rochdale police left off.

And they quickly realised that without Amber and Ruby's testimony, many of the paedophile gang would walk free. That's where I came in.

Over six months, I got to know the two girls and eventually persuaded them to do a series of taped interviews. As a police officer, I'd heard dreadful things, but what the girls told me was in another category altogether.

Lured in by young men, the girls had been passed on to dozens of older Asians – chiefly Pakistani – for sex, and had even been threatened with a gun and a knife. ...

Between them, the sisters provided compelling and highly detailed evidence against 29 men. Already, Amber had identified nine of her abusers in video identity parades – and there were more to come. So I was feeling confident when the police arranged the first meeting between officers from Operation Span and the barrister appointed to prosecute the case.

As the officer dealing with the victims central to the case, I confidently expected to be there. But for some reason, I was excluded. ...

By ignoring what Amber had said on tape, and all the evidence to back up her allegations, they'd hit on a convenient way to reduce the number of Asian defendants.

Why? Because the people at the top perceived the ethnicity of the offenders and the low status of poor white girls as a toxic mix. I'd go further: by putting fewer Muslim defendants in the dock, the police calculated they'd be less likely to incite accusations of Islamophobia. ...
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Crime – child sexual abuse, police politics
The child sex victims betrayed by police who were afraid of being called racist [part 2]
Maggie Oliver
Daily Mail, 12 July 2019.

I was in the depths of despair. How could the police force be turning a blind eye to children who'd been raped on a daily basis? Why was I the only one who seemed to care? ...

Just when I thought things couldn't get any worse, there was a horrific development.

The Crown Prosecution Service had belatedly realised that they did need some of Amber's evidence for the trial, after all. Unfortunately, they had alienated her to the point where they knew she wouldn't help.

So they did something utterly inhumane. They listed Amber as an offender so that some of what she'd said on tape could be used in court. To cap it all, they didn't even tell her.

This meant Amber couldn't have access to legal representation and had no chance of defending herself. I'd never heard of anything like this in my life; nor has any lawyer I've spoken to since.

The ironies piled up.

Months before, the CPS itself had officially designated Amber as a victim; and now it was lumping her together with paedophile abusers. Yet everything she'd said on tape had been from the viewpoint of a witness and victim.

In short, the CPS tactic was screwed-up, wicked and bizarre. Yet I couldn't alert Amber or her family, because to do so might jeopardise the trial.

Just 11 men were tried in the end. Had Amber's testimony been used in full, the number would probably have exceeded two dozen.

As it was, the case was built around the evidence of Ruby and two other girls. Inexplicably, Ruby was asked only about the paedophile who'd made her pregnant at 12. Not one of her other abusers has ever been charged.

At the trial, in May 2012, eight men originally from Pakistan and one from Afghanistan were given sentences ranging from four to 19 years. Two men were acquitted.

By early 2017, all but two of the abusers had been freed. In addition, four of the offenders were granted millions of pounds of taxpayers' money to fight deportation back to Pakistan.

At the conclusion of the trial, I wept as I watched Assistant Chief Constable Steve Heywood deliver a speech on the court steps.

'This has been a fantastic result for British justice,' he crowed. 'These victims have been through the most horrendous of crimes, and I just want to commend their bravery.'

There and then, I decided I had to speak up about the abusers who were still at large. I needed to resign from my job and become a whistle- blower. ...

Amber, however, continues to be punished. Not long after Three Girls had been broadcast, I received a panicked phone call from her at 1am.

Someone had identified her and put a photo of her house on Facebook. Given that many of her abusers still live in Rochdale, she was understandably alarmed.

She followed my advice to call the police straight away to tell them she was in danger. But when officers looked her up on their database, they could find no record of her ever having been a paedophile victim.

So they refused point-blank to help her.
[Site link]

Crime – child sexual abuse
SYP silent on number of child abuse suspects released without bail conditions
Adele Forrest
Rotherham Advertiser, 12 July 2019.

Thousands of child sex abuse suspects were released without bail conditions across the country after the Government made changes to the bail act – but South Yorkshire Police has refused to say how many are from Rotherham.

Nationally, 2,993 child abuse suspects were released without bail conditions in the year after the Government made changes to the bail act – an increase of 1,047 per cent.

A panel of MPs led by Rotherham's Sarah Champion said this would mean fewer suspects were prevented from contacting their accusers.

South Yorkshire Police (SYP) failed to respond to politicians' requests under the Freedom of Information Act for pre-charge bail statistics as part of the cross-party inquiry into survivors' experiences of the police and Crown Prosecution Service (CPS).

Ms Champion, who chairs the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse, said the drop in the number of suspects given pre-charge bail conditions presented a "huge risk to survivors, witnesses and the public". ...

Across the 20 constabularies that provided information, 2,993 suspected child sexual offenders were released without conditions – termed as being "under investigation – in 2017/2018, compared to 261 the previous year – an increase of 1,047 per cent. ...

The report also found only 54 per cent of survivors had reported their abuse to police, with those not reporting citing their reasons as "not believing the police would successfully prosecute" (30 per cent) or "believing the police would be unsupportive" (27 per cent). ...

The inquiry said it recognised police were under strain from increased reporting and limited resources, noting a huge rise in reports of CSE offences over the past decade.

But Ms Champion said: "Our inquiry found overwhelming evidence of persistent failure by the police and CPS to support and secure justice for adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse."

Survivors were "losing faith in the criminal justice system", she said, and did not feel listened to by the police or CPS.
[Site link]

Population – European Union
EU population rose by one million last year to 513.5 million due to immigration, report says
Jack Elsom
MailOnline, 11 July 2019.

The European Union's population swelled to 513 million last year, according to a study which says that immigration is responsible for ballooning the number of people living in the bloc.

Some 1.1 million immigrants pushed the total population figure to its highest ever amount.

In 2018 the number of deaths trumped the amount of births by 300,000, meaning that the only explanation for the expansion was the increased flow of migrants. ...

A 0.5 per cent hike was recorded in the UK's population, burgeoning the country's share of the EU's overall citizenship to 13.6 per cent.
[Site link]

Crime – child sexual abuse, police politics
The real angel of the north: The abuse of young girls by Rochdale sex gangs is one of the great scandals of our time. In a shattering new book, the policewoman who revealed the truth breaks her silence – and shames the superiors who betrayed her...
Maggie Oliver
Daily Mail, 11 July 2019.
[Adapted from Survivors: One Brave Detective's Battle To Expose The Rochdale Child Abuse Scandal]

They were robbed of their childhood by a gang of Asian paedophiles and dismissed as 'white trash' by people who should know better. ...

... So why weren't they prosecuted?

As the former police officer who was once at the centre of the Rochdale sex-gang investigation – and as the whistleblower who exposed its appalling flaws – I believe I know the answer. It's politics.

Politics appear to drive too many policing decisions. Indeed, my own view is that if you're promoted to superintendent or above, you can freely let go of your conscience, it seems, and move smoothly up the ladder. ...

When I graduated from police college in 1997, I was already aged 42 and the mother of four children.

A few years later, I landed my dream job as a family liaison officer with Greater Manchester Police. Then, at the end of 2010, a detective chief superintendent summoned me to his office and asked me to join Operation Span.

It was being set up to investigate the serious sexual abuse of vulnerable white children by men of Asian origin which had been going on for a long time. And he needed me to interview the two sisters at the heart of the investigation. ...

What he went on to tell me almost defied belief.

Rochdale police had launched an investigation into the town's sex gangs a couple of years before. Yet, despite powerful evidence against them, not one man had been charged. ...

That didn't worry me, though. What did – very much so – was the thought of gaining the trust of vulnerable girls, only for the police to let them down yet again.

I knew only too well that this could happen, and not just because of their previous experience. As a police officer, I'd already taken part in a similar investigation in 2004 – and all the men had escaped scot-free. ...

Five years before, I'd had high hopes when I joined Operation Augusta, which focused on girls sexually abused by Asian gangs in Manchester.

Early on, I'd been astonished to discover that social workers had compiled lists of dozens of these abused children, and repeatedly called in the police – but nothing had been done.

Yet now, the police seemed to have had a change of heart and had become fully committed to bringing the abusers to justice. ...

By spring 2004, we had an initial list of almost 207 Asian men who we believed had been abusing at least 26 children. And we knew this was the tip of the iceberg. ...

No one had been charged, let alone convicted. I was devastated. All that work, and for what? It just didn't make sense.

I tried to speak to my bosses about it, but hit a brick wall. ...

By shutting down the operation, the police could avoid accusations of Islamophobia and the threat of riots on the streets. ...

There was a lot of boasting from the abusers about 'chilling with white girls'. Indeed, looking back, I believe strongly that we should have brought in a 'racially aggravated' element to the investigation. There was no doubt these girls were being targeted for their ethnicity – and the perception that white girls are 'easy'.
[Site link]

Crime – fraud, deportation
Sierra Leonean mother, 44, who used false ID to live in a council flat in UK for 10 years and swindle £164,000 in benefits was not deported - 'but is now applying to stay using her REAL name'
Alexander Robertson
MailOnline, 11 July 2019.

A Sierra Leone fraudster who used a bogus identity to get UK residency and swindle over £164,000 in benefits is still demanding to remain in Britain, a court heard.

Aminata Bangura, 44, was refused leave to remain as a student in 2004, but won her Home Office case under a fraudulent name.

The single mother was moved up the council waiting list after having a son, now aged ten, who needs lifelong NHS care.

Bangura, of Camberwell, was sentenced to two years imprisonment in May last year for the immigration offences, but was released after eight months.

Yesterday, Judge Silas Reid questioned why she had not been automatically deported as a non-UK resident who had received over twelve months imprisonment.

The judge was sentencing Bangura for a Southwark council benefits scam that came to light after her prison sentence.

'She's a Sierra Leone citizen so what's going on there with automatic deportation that should have followed sentencing?' he asked. ...

The sentence she received last May included fraudulently obtaining a £50,000 student loan, plus around £50,000 in working tax credits, child tax credits and child benefit. ...

Bangura was sentenced to ten months imprisonment, suspended for eighteen months and ordered to complete 80 hours community service.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – crime, Germany
German Prosecutor: Rule of Law in Berlin 'No Longer Functional'
Chris Tomlinson
Breitbart, 11 July 2019.

German prosecutor Ralph Knispel has claimed that courts in the German capital are so overburdened, they lack the capacity to carry out litigation against suspects.

In Berlin alone, there are an estimated 8,500 arrest warrants yet to be carried out, according to Knispel who said that the criminal scene in the city is "laughing at the justice system", German news magazine Focus reports.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – multiculturalism, USA
Schools scramble to handle thousands of new migrant families
Miriam Jordan
Indiana Express / New York Times, 11 July 2019.

Migrant children arriving in record numbers are creating challenges for school districts across the country. ...

Schools in places like Lake Worth, a city near President Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago resort that has become a favorite destination for Guatemalans, are scrambling to hire new staff and add summer sessions to support the newcomers.

Last year, the Palm Beach County school district enrolled 4,555 Guatemalan students in kindergarten through 12th grade, nearly 50% more than two years earlier. Many of the students come from the country's remote highlands and speak neither Spanish nor English. The number of elementary school students in kindergarten through fifth grade more than doubled to 2,119 in that same period.

Ana Arce-Gonzalez, the principal at South Grade Elementary School, in the heart of Lake Worth's immigrant enclave, said that in 25 years as an educator she had never experienced anything like it. The school saw its enrollment rise from 820 at the beginning of the last school year to 910 in the spring, pushing it over capacity.

"It speaks to what is happening at the border," she said.

Under a 1982 Supreme Court decision, all children, regardless of immigration status, are entitled to a K-12 education. With hundreds of thousands of new parents and children crossing the border in recent months, districts across the country are having to transfer teachers to affected schools, expand bilingual training for staff and prepare for students who may be traumatized. ...

Critics say immigrant students could do better if the district provided more support, including hiring more interpreters. But district officials said it has been tough to hire speakers of Mayan languages, such as Q'anjob'al and Mam, whose educational qualifications fulfill state requirements.
[Site link]

Employment – pay, wages
Ethnic minority pay gap in UK still stubbornly wide
Valentina Romei
Financial Times, 10 July 2019.

The pay gap between white British workers and those from ethnic minorities remained stubbornly wide last year, prompting calls for government action to close it.

White British workers earned on average 3.8 per cent more, a figure broadly unchanged since 2013, and the gap rises to 20 per cent for some ethnic groups.

Only employees of Chinese and Indian background were paid more than white British ones, in contrast with large pay penalties for those of black African, Pakistani and Bangladeshi background.

Chinese employees in Britain had median hourly earnings of £15.75, about 30 per cent higher than the £12.03 of white British, according to Office for National Statistics data, released on Tuesday. This is the largest gap since data were available in 2012, when the difference was less than 10 per cent. Indian workers earned £13.47 an hour.

Yet the Chinese are the smallest ethnic group in the UK, accounting for 0.5 per cent of all employees. In contrast, the majority of other groups continued to be paid significantly less than the white British.

In 2018, the median hourly pay of those of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin was £10 and £9.60 respectively, marking a pay gap of as much as 20 per cent with white British.

Non-British white employees, the largest minority ethnic group thanks to immigration from the EU, earned 5.8 per cent less than their British counterparts. ...

The difference in median pay gaps largely reflects the fact that more than 40 per cent of Chinese employees were in the highest earning quartile.

In contrast, about two in five workers of Bangladeshi and Pakistani backgrounds were in the lowest earning quartile. Those groups also had a lower proportion of people in employment, with high inactivity rates among women.

The pay gap partially reflects differences in age, education and occupation as well as language proficiency. However, when accounting for those factors, the pay gap remains, the ONS said, although it is smaller.
[Site link]

Multiculturalism – culture, ethnic diversity
Ethnic diversity makes Britain's culture great. It would be a disaster if we lost it
Akram Khan
The Guardian, 10 July 2019.

Today, some of our most brilliant prospects in art and culture are from minority ethnic or migrant backgrounds. We present a gloriously multicultural face to the world. And that is important not just for the story we tell to others, but for the stories we tell ourselves. ...

The British actor Riz Ahmed refers to this as "stretching the flag, so it's big enough to embrace all of us". He is talking about how art can remould how we see ourselves and the country that we live in. The Pakistani-British heritage of his youth is just as much a part of our modern national story as the playing fields of Eton, remote Shetland communities or the multi-ethnic melting pots of Leicester, Birmingham and London. But it is only through the representation of that experience in our national culture that those truths are cemented across the whole country.

We should be confident and proud about this story – yet it is too rarely told.

Now a report from Global Future does exactly that, demonstrating not only the increasing diversity of our cultural industries, but how popular that diversity is. According to the report, nearly 40% of our leading cultural figures are from migrant or minority ethnic backgrounds. In other words, diversity is making an outsized contribution to British culture. And the size of the contribution is going up all the time: five years ago it was less than a third.

Global Future's survey of 2,000 UK adults suggests nearly seven in 10 of us agree that diversity has improved our culture, against 15% who disagree. Food, music and sport are the cultural industries where people believe diversity has had the greatest impact. ...

Diversity is what makes Britain's culture great. But recently it has felt as though we have lost sight of this self-evident truth. Brexit, polarisation and the poisonous debate about immigration threaten to turn our diversity into division. That would be a historic disaster for the country.
[Site link]

Diversity – cycling
RideLondon admits photoshopping picture of black woman to appear 'diverse'
Basit Mahmood
Metro, 10 July 2019.

Organisers of RideLondon, an annual festival of cycling, have come under fire after it emerged a photo on their website had been edited to make the event appear more diverse.

The photograph on the website had been photoshopped to include a black woman participating in the event.

The picture has since been deleted from the site, the Sunday Times reported.

The full picture showed a group of male riders, with female riders from ethnic minorities on either side.

However, while the two men shown in the image took part in the event in 2018, one of the women only did so the previous year.

Event director Hugh Brasher confirmed that the image had been created from three separate photos and was intended at highlighting the diversity of people who take part in events, including the Prudential RideLondon-Surrey 100 sportive. ...

'It is not our usual practice to use composite images and this image has been removed from our website.'
[Site link]

Diversity – Labour Party
Labour has never elected a Kurdish MP. It's time for that to change
Mustafa Topkaya
New Statesman, 10 July 2019.

Like many other peoples, Kurds have found a home in Britain, a place we can enjoy freedoms not afforded to our brothers and sisters elsewhere. Today some 250,000 Kurds live in the UK, predominantly from Turkey, but from all over the Kurdish regions. ...

... In numerous areas across Britain Kurds have worked hard to deliver Labour gains. And yet, we still lack representation in the Parliamentary Labour Party. ...

However, for Labour to truly be the party for the many and not the few, the transformation must extend to political representation. We are lagging behind. In 2010 the Conservative Party selected and elected its first Kurdish MP, to a safe seat and one without any significant BAME communities. ...

It is time for Labour to give a clear voice in Parliament to the diverse range of communities from which they draw their support. By selecting MPs from diverse backgrounds, we can become a party which truly embodies a progressive vision for the Britain we should aim to build after the next General Election.
[Site link]

Politics – Brexit, Conservative Party, Labour Party
The ship of English fools: with Johnson, Corbyn and Farage at the helm, Britain is heading for disaster
George Walden
New Statesman, 10 July 2019.

Brexit, a breakdown of the national psyche, is a collective enterprise, and the sooner we talk honestly about its origins and likely results the better the chances of an eventual recovery. ...

... Nor was it David Cameron who was ultimately responsible for the referendum; it was Tony Blair, with the waves of mass immigration he triggered after 1997, and from Europe in 2004. ...

Brexit backers voted not so much on the EU itself, or on austerity – though both played their part – as in protest at migration overall, chiefly from beyond the EU, which was larger, harder to assimilate and more unpopular. That is why Farage and his Brexit Party continue to poll well today. In a typically casual, contradictory lie, Boris Johnson recently hailed the huge success of immigration – it has certainly succeeded in helping him into No 10 – while lamenting the lack of integration.

There is another area where discussion is mute. As a result of Brexit, non-EU immigrants are outnumbering Europeans still further (a February Office for National Statistics report showed non-EU net migration at the highest level since 2004). If Brexiteers are happy with this they should say so – as Jacob Rees-Mogg did when he said that preference on immigration should go to the Commonwealth rather than Europeans, "with whom we have no connection". A Catholic, like Rees-Mogg, and no connection with Italy, France and Poland? ...

These are not thoughts decent people want to catch themselves thinking, yet they cannot be indefinitely repressed. ...

To be clear: I favour immigration, at moderate levels over time. If I were a Pakistani, Bangladeshi or Iraqi I might well seek to come to Britain; if I were a low-paid worker on a council house list in a deprived northern town, I might vote Brexit to keep them out; and if I had enjoyed an expensive education, and my partner and I had jobs in the City dependent on cheap immigrant labour, we would take care to ensure that our liberal, anti-Brexit sentiments were known to all. ...

... After touring the North and Midlands in 2006 I wrote a book called Time To Emigrate?, predicting an eventual crisis over migration.
[Site link]

Crime – organised crime, gangs
Audit of organised crime
Professional Security, 9 July 2019.

Serious and organised crime (SOC) is growing; in scale and complexity; whether cyber-crime from Ukraine, Russia and Nigeria, or illicit drugs coming into the UK from transport hubs on the Continent and Channel and North Sea ports. International links of such crime are known; most cocaine that enters the UK is produced from Bolivia, Colombia and Peru, while the Mediterranean remains a major transit route for organised immigration crime to the UK.

The government is responding, yet some significant and avoidable shortcomings may prevent government and its partners from meeting its aim, according to the National Audit Office (NAO).

UK government does not yet have the data that it needs to respond effectively. In 2018, it found that it had a weak understanding of the scale of four out of nine types of serious and organised crime. /.../ The Home Office and the National Crime Agency (NCA) do not know whether their efforts are working and are not yet able to target resources against the highest-priority threats, the 57-page report concludes. ...

The NAO describes tackling serious and organised crime as a significant and complex challenge. More than 4,500 organised crime groups operate in the UK in changing and unpredictable ways, often using violence and intimidation. These crimes also know no borders and many groups work in large networks spanning countries. The nine types of serious and organised crime assessed in 2018 were modern slavery and human trafficking; organised immigration crime; child sexual exploitation and abuse; money laundering; fraud and other economic crime; international bribery, corruption and sanctions evasion; cyber crime; illegal firearms; and illegal drugs. In 2019, the government identified ten types of serious and organised crime, adding organised acquisitive crime.
[Site link]

Illegal immigration – human trafficking
More than 500 victims of trafficking detained in 2018, UK study finds
Diane Taylor
The Guardian, 9 July 2019.

Hundreds of victims of trafficking have been locked up in detention centres by the Home Office instead of being looked after in safe houses and provided with a package of support, the first research into the extent of the problem has revealed.

The report, carried out by the data mapping project After Exploitation using freedom of information responses, reveals that 507 victims of trafficking were detained in 2018 despite Home Office guidance that this group should not normally be locked up. ...

Last year, 2,726 suspected victims of trafficking were identified, meaning almost one-fifth were put in detention. It is understood that of the 507 who were detained, 422 were released within a week of a positive "reasonable grounds" decision being made. ...

A Home Office spokesperson said: "...

"Any person who claims they are a victim of trafficking will, with their consent, have their claim considered by a trained specialist and will not be required to leave the country while this decision is pending. A positive decision entitles that person to support and guidance and is taken into consideration when deciding their immigration case."
[Site link]

Multiculturalism – diversity, literature, schools
GCSE exam board adds more ethnically diverse texts, after complaints of too many 'dead white men'
Camilla Turner
Daily Telegraph, 9 July 2019.

Britain's biggest exam board has added a more diverse set of texts to its English GCSE syllabus, following complaints about there being too many "dead white men".

Edexcel, which is owned by Pearson, announced on Monday that from this September, schools will be offered more poems, plays and novels to choose from including those written by authors from black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) backgrounds.

Calls to "decolonise" the curriculum have been gaining pace at universities, where students have urged faculties to update reading lists. The move by Pearson is one of the first indicators that the movement is now gaining momentum in schools too.

In addition to the works of William Wordsworth and Robert Bridges, the GCSE poetry anthology will include the Pakistani-born Imtiaz Dharker and Grace Nichols, who is Guyanese.

Meanwhile, the post-1914 Literature paper will feature plays by Tanika Gupta, who is of Indian heritage, and Benjamin Zephania whose parents are from Barbados.

Other new texts include the novel Coram Boy by Jamila Gavin, who was born in India, and Boys Don't Cry by Malorie Blackman, the former Children's Laureate whose parents are from Barbados.

Katy Lewis, Pearson's head of English, Drama and Languages, explained that the move followed calls for the selection of texts on offer to be more representative of different cultures and ethnicities. ...

The decision by Pearson, which will affect around 50,000 students, follows calls from Mary Bousted, joint general secretary of the National Education Union, for schools to look beyond teaching about "dead white men". ...

She said that in order to thrive, children need to be able to see people like themselves reflected in the curriculum, adding: "If a powerful knowledge curriculum means recreating the best that has been thought by dead, white men – then I'm not very interested in it."
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – Switzerland, Germany
Switzerland: Pool Lifeguards Under Constant Threat from Migrant Men
Chris Tomlinson
Breitbart, 9 July 2019.

Lifeguards across Switzerland are routinely threatened and abused by migrant-background youths, according to the president of the country's lifeguard association.

Michel Kunz, President of the Badmeister Association, said that the level of abuse, particularly towards female lifeguards, has increased saying in comments reported by 20 Minutes: "I have already experienced a lot, but what is currently happening in Swiss swimming pools is no longer sustainable."

According to Mr Kunz, swimming pools in Switzerland have become places where "cultural differences clash. This is because some believe that women have nothing to say and become aggressive towards our employees."

"Unfortunately we find that those bathers who are out of favour with women are often young people and men with a migrant background. They are not used to women giving instructions," he added.

Vice-president of the Swiss Badmeister Association Sibylle Rykart added that she had been the victim of attacks including threats and had been spat on. "It did not exist before. This disrespect is a sign of the times," she noted.

Lifeguard Alexandra Bürgi described her own encounters with migrant-background men, saying she had to flee her pool and call police after a group of four young men threatened her.

"Our problem as lifeguards is men, especially with a different cultural background. Most are between 18 and 22 years old. But it starts with 10-year-olds," she said.

Neighbouring Germany has also seen troubles with migrant-background men and their behaviour at swimming pools. Last week in the town of Kehl, the local pool was forced to close early after a group of 50 North African-background men terrorised other bathers.

Even more serious has been the number of sexual assaults committed by migrants in swimming pools, especially those involving children as victims.
[Site link]

Immigration – public opinion
Boris Johnson And Jeremy Hunt Not Trusted On Immigration, Reveals Report
Ned Simons
HuffPost, 8 July 2019.

The British public do not trust Boris Johnson or Jeremy Hunt to handle immigration, figures published on Monday suggest.

An ICM poll for the British Future think-tank showed Johnson was distrusted by 49% of the public on immigration and trusted by 22%, a net score of minus-27.

Fewer say they distrust Hunt on immigration (41%) but only 13% say they trust him on the issue - a net score of minus-28.

But the problem is one both Tory leadership candidates inherited from Theresa May.

Just 18% of the public – and only a quarter (25%) of 2017 Conservative voters – think May did a good job of managing immigration as prime minister and home secretary.

And only 13% of the public agrees that "The government has managed immigration into the UK competently and fairly."

The poll was conducted for British Future's "Immigration after May – what should the new prime minister change?" report published today.

Distrust in politicians is widespread, however, with no politician of any party securing a positive rating. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn's trust rating on immigration is minus-37.
[Site link]

Crime – Albanians
The inside story of how brutal Albanian gangs rose from the UK's premier sex traffickers to kingpin cocaine dealers
Richard Wheatstone
The Sun, 8 July 2019.

Albanian gangs smuggling huge shipments of cocaine direct from Europe have changed the face of the UK's drug market.

The drug is at its cheapest since the 1990s and purer than it has been for a decade as Albanian gangs use the laws of retail to pull off a near total takeover of Britain's £5bn cocaine industry.

Thousands of Albanians arrived in the UK in the late 1990s and early 2000s during a refugee crisis. ...

Many took jobs as door staff in the heart of London's sex and vice trade in Soho - then dominated by the Maltese mafia - where they first came to national attention. ...

Paul Holmes, a former police inspector and head of Scotland Yard's sex trafficking unit, described how the Albanians' brutality shocked his team of officers. ...

In 1999, asylum applicants categorised under Yugoslavia (Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro) were the highest at 17 per cent of 91,200, and then eight per cent of 98,900 in 2000.

Tony Smith, former director general of the UK's Border Force, explained how immigration officials believed Albanians were claiming to be Kosovans on a large scale during that period.

He said: "It was record numbers and a lot of them were Kosovans, or at least said they were.

"The immigration service were completely swamped at Dover, getting ferry-loads of these, even camping on the beaches at Dover.

"We didn't have the time or even computers back then to process them properly. It was probably the biggest case of nationality switching we'd seen, that was the beginning.

"It's really hard to dis-prove that stuff, then more likely they will put down roots making removals very difficult and they stay by default."

The brutally violent criminals, trading on their reputation as veterans of the Balkan Wars, soon moved from smuggling people to guns and drugs into the UK.

In Europe they became allies of the Turkish and Italian gangs as enforcers, hitmen and traffickers of heroin from Afghanistan. ...

Police sources have described how in the early 2000s in London they fought against Jamaican and Chinese drug gangs for control of the illegal market.

Now they have moved on to penetrate all levels of the UK's £5 billion cocaine trade - from an army of dial-a-drug street dealers to kingpin wholesalers controlling imports from South America and northern Europe. ...

Albanians now make up the second highest total of foreign nationals in UK jails at 760, 433 of who are in for drugs offences - just a handful behind Poland on 787 - despite only tens of thousands living in the UK compared to almost a million Polish. ...

Police sources have warned that Albanians illegally flooding into the UK have provided a fresh, ready-made workforce for the crime groups.
[Site link]

Repatriation/deportation – crime, EU law
Judges rule that Romanian criminal cannot be deported under EU law
Robert Verkaik
Sunday Telegraph, 7 July 2019.

A Romanian national who carried out a string of serious criminal offences can't be deported because he is protected by EU law.

Denis Viscu, 20, arrived in the UK in 2007 with his family and between July 2014 and March 2017 received 14 convictions for 20 offences including robbery and knife possession.

But when the Home Office tried to deport him they were blocked by judges who held that under EU law he had rights to enhanced protection under the EU Citizens' Directive as he had lived in the UK for five years.

During his legal fight to stay in the UK Viscu was further convicted of four more offences, including possession of a knife in a public place, burglary and possession of a Class A drug and was sentenced to a total of 4 ½ years detention in a young offenders institution.

In September 2017, the Home Office tried to deport Viscu because he was a 'persistent offender'.

Government lawyers argued that although Viscu had lived in the United Kingdom since 2007 he was not entitled to enhanced protection under EU law because the time he had spent in custody 'broke the continuity of lawful residence'.

But a judge held that, since Viscu was a juvenile he could not be sentenced to imprisonment and so his residence in the United Kingdom had been 'continuous and uninterrupted' availing him of special EU protection.

Under Chapter IV of the Citizens' Directive, 'Union citizens who have resided legally for a continuous period of five years in the host Member State shall have the right of permanent residence there.'

A member state can only expel an EU resident where they have strong grounds to believe their presence poses a risk to the public.

But the EU has added the caveat that 'previous criminal convictions shall not in themselves constitute grounds for' denying an EU citizen their right of residency.

Now the Court of Appeal has ordered that the case be reheard in full.
[Site link]

Illegal immigration – English Channel
43 suspected illegal immigrants detained in Kent after English Channel crossing
Sky News, 7 July 2019.

More than 40 suspected illegal immigrants have been detained by border officials in Kent in the space of two days after crossing the English Channel.

Eleven men aboard a small inflatable boat were intercepted while on the water on Saturday and brought to Dover, before another 10 people were found in the nearby village of Kingsdown.

None of their nationalities have been confirmed.

The Home Office said coastal patrol vessel Speedwell and Border Force cutter Seeker were scrambled to deal with the first incident of the day, with the 11 men "transferred to immigration officials for their cases to be dealt with".

In the second incident, Kent Police and Border Force officials were called to Kingsdown and found the group, who all presented themselves as Iranian.

They have been medically assessed and are believed to be well, and have been given to immigration officials.
[Site link]

Immigration abroad – deportation, USA
Ken Cuccinelli: ICE Ready to Deport Approximately 1M Illegal Aliens with Final Deportation Orders
John Binder
Breitbart, 7 July 2019.

Acting United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Director Ken Cuccinelli says the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency is ready to deport about a million illegal aliens who remain in the country despite having final orders for deportation. ...

"I'm just pointing out that the pool of those with final removal orders is enormous," Cuccinelli said. "It's important to note, here we are talking about ICE doing its job as if it's special. And really this should be going on on a rolling basis for ICE and they've been interfered with, effectively, and held up by the politics of Washington to a certain extent..." ...

Though Trump gave Congress two weeks to devise a plan to close loopholes in the country's asylum system – loopholes that have invited millions of border crossers to the U.S. over the last decade – no such plan has been crafted that would pass the House and Senate.

The latest Harvard/Harris Poll finds that a majority of Americans support Trump's plan to mass deport illegal aliens following inaction from Congress. This includes support from more than 8-in-10 Republican voters and more than 5-in-10 swing voters.

As Breitbart News has chronicled, there are about 1.7 million illegal aliens from Central America and Mexico, alone, living in the U.S. despite already being ordered deported or having pending deportation orders. The latest federal data concludes that there are more than 925,000 illegal aliens, in total, with final deportation orders who have continued living freely in the U.S. About 20 percent of these illegal aliens have at least one criminal conviction and almost all are not in federal custody. Roughly 60 percent of these illegal aliens come from Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala.
[Site link]

Crime – slavery
Charity and police break up UK's largest modern slavery ring
Ben Quinn
The Guardian, 6 July 2019.

The largest-ever modern slavery ring uncovered in the UK has been broken up after a three-year investigation into its activities. Some of its 400 victims worked for as little as 50p a day.

Their labour earned millions for members of a criminal gang led by a Polish criminal family, which preyed on the homeless, ex-prisoners and alcoholics from Poland. Gang members were jailed on Friday.

The gang tricked and then trafficked vulnerable men and women – ranging in age from 17 to over 60 – to Britain with the promise of gainful employment but instead housed them in squalor and used them as what a judge described as "commodities".

Working on farms, rubbish recycling centres and poultry factories in the Midlands, they were made to live in cramped, rat-infested accommodation and reduced to going to soup kitchens and food banks to get enough to eat. ...

Reporting restrictions were lifted on Friday after the end of two trials of five men and three women, all originally from Poland, who have all now been convicted of modern slavery offences and money laundering.

Their conspiracy – which ran from June 2012 until October 2017 – was described by Stacey as the "most ambitious, extensive and prolific" modern day slavery network ever uncovered in Britain. ...

Ignacy Brzezinski, one of several men convicted last month for their part in the ring, is currently on the run but was sentenced in his absence on Friday to 11 years.
[Site link]

Illegal immigration – politics, Conservative Party
Migration Watch Slams Boris Plan to Give Amnesty to Illegal Aliens: 'Manna for Traffickers'
Jack Montgomery
Breitbart, 6 July 2019.

The Migration Watch UK think tank has slammed Boris Johnson's latest proposal to give amnesty to illegal migrants who have been in Britain for 15 years, saying it would be "manna for traffickers".

Migration Watch issues a press release seen by Breitbart London after the proposed illegal migrant amnesty – a policy Johnson has pushed for years as both Mayor of London and Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, in spite of his arguably unjustified reputation as a right-wing populist – cropped up among a raft of other policy proposals, including replacing the 20,000 fall in police numbers during Theresa May's time as Home Secretary and Prime Minister, and lengthening time in custody for convicted sex offenders.

"It seems Mr Johnson is considering an amnesty for illegal immigrants in order to avoid another Windrush," commented Migration Watch vice chairman Alp Mehmet, in reference to the so-called Windrush scandal in which a relatively small number of legal migrants, including convicted criminals, were wrongfully deported.

"This makes no sense," Mehmet insisted.

"Those wrongly caught up in Windrush had every right to be here and bear no comparison to people who have either entered illegally or stayed on illegally and know full well that they have no right to be here."

"An amnesty for them would be manna for traffickers. It would encourage further illegal inflows, reward illicit behaviour, be costly to UK taxpayers and be grossly unfair to migrants who follow the rules," Mehmet added.

"Amnesties do not work, as Spain and Italy have proved."

Migration Watch highlighted estimates that the illegal migration population in the United Kingdom is already over a million, with the illegal population increasing by at least 150,000 per year – or 70,000 a year net, according to their own research.
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Multiculturalism – free speech
Bradford: Football Club Chairman Resigns over Post Supporting Burka Ban
Jack Montgomery
Breitbart, 6 July 2019.

The chairman of Bradford City Women's football club tendered his "immediate resignation" after someone complained about Facebook posts in which he suggested the Islamic burka should be banned.

Military veteran Mark Hird had been in post for only a matter of weeks when a "concerned fan" contacted the multicultural city's Telegraph and Argus newspaper to complain about his social media output, in which he is said to have supported banning the burka and suggested Muslims should either "adhere to our laws" or emigrate. ...

While polls suggest that a majority of Britons believe the burka should be banned – as it is in many European and even Muslim-majority countries worldwide – and that Mr Hird was therefore expressing the majority view, the football club appears to have come down against him very swiftly.

"Bradford City WFC have accepted the immediate resignation of chairman Mark Hird following recent allegations made against him," said Matthew Kermode, Bradford City Women's club's secretary, in an official statement.
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Crime – deportation
Illegal immigrant who won £17,000 for unlawful detention is jailed for 11 years for trying to rape a drunk stranger on New Year's Day
Alex Ward
Daily Mail, 5 July 2019.

Joseph Mjemer, 36, attacked the woman in her flat on New Year's Day after meeting her in Carlisle city centre when she was 'completely inebriated'. She woke up to find him trying to rape her. ...

The judge, sitting at Minshull Street Crown Court in Manchester, said the question of whether Mjemer should be deported after he has served his sentence 'is a matter for the Home Office and not this court'.

Mjemer was the subject of a deportation order, signed in April, but is appealing against it. ...

The court was also told that Mjemer, who was once described as a 'one-man crime wave' by another judge, had a total of 64 previous convictions and almost two dozen aliases. ...

In 2011 the High Court awarded him £17,360 in compensation after it ruled he had been wrongly imprisoned for five months in 2007 as officials tried to determine where he came from.

He had arrived in the country illegally as a stowaway on board a ship in 2003 and was held at the time by Home Office officials.

But Mjemer went on to commit 20 offences in the three years after his arrival and was jailed several times before he was taken into 'administrative custody' in 2007.
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Racism – hairstyle, California
California becomes first state to ban hairstyle discrimination
Rozina Sabur
Daily Telegraph, 5 July 2019.

California has become the first US state to ban discrimination against black hairstyles such as braids, twists and locks.

California's governor, Gavin Newsom, signed the law yesterday making it illegal to discriminate against natural black hairstyles in schools and workplaces.

The law makes California the first state to explicitly recognise that those hairstyles are associated with race and therefore protected against discrimination in the workplace and in schools.

It comes after years of nationwide reports of African American school students being sent home over braids or natural styles that violated dress code rules. ...

The law, which takes effect on January 1, is significant because federal courts have historically held that hair is a characteristic that can be changed, meaning there's no basis for discrimination complaints based on hairstyle.

The US Supreme Court recently declined to hear the case of an Alabama woman who said she did not get a job because she refused to change her hair.
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Illegal immigration – English Channel
Channel migrants: Six children among 22 people in boats
BBC, 5 July 2019.

Immigration officials are questioning 22 migrants who crossed the Channel in two dinghies in the early hours. ...

All were medically assessed and found to be well, the Home Office said.

Dover MP Charlie Elphicke, who photographed the abandoned dinghy, said the "very expensive" outboard motor - which costs in excess of £2,600 - "underlines how lucrative this business is and the people traffickers behind this are making tens of thousands of pounds".

At least 827 people, including about 80 children, have crossed the Channel in small boats since 3 November 2018.

Last month, immigration minister Caroline Nokes said the government had "recently delivered drones and other surveillance equipment to France enabling their law enforcement officers to interrupt and disrupt attempted crossings".
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Immigration abroad – violent crime, Sweden
Swedish Police Head: Get Used to Current Level of Shootings
Chris Tomlinson
Breitbart, 5 July 2019.

Head of the Swedish Security Service (Säpo) Anders Thornberg has told Swedes to get used to the current level of shootings, saying it could remain high for many years to come.

Thornberg said that he did not see an end to the current wave of shootings across the country anytime soon, saying "this can continue for five to ten years" in an interview with Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet. ...

Thornberg added that he saw the trend in gun violence, which has its roots in criminal gang activity, as being a problem for the whole of society rather than simply an issue for the police alone. Like drug trafficking, Thornberg said that the issue will be impossible to solve overnight. ...

Over the past weekend, Stockholm saw three separate shootings and two fatalities as a result, leading Moderate Party leader Ulf Kristersson to comment that the current situation was "extreme for a country that is not at war".
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Politics – democracy, liberalism, Israel
Immigration Policy and the Rise of Anti-Democratic Liberalism – the Case of Israel [part 1]
Gadi Taub
Quillette, 4 July 2019.
[Gadi Taub is a Senior Lecturer at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem]

Like many EU countries, Israel now has a substantial community of illegal migrants, mainly from Africa. Illegals number about 34,000, not including some 8,000 more children born to immigrant parents in Israel. /.../ As in Europe, Israeli media often refer to migrants simply as "refugees," but this term only serves to obscure the matter. There are clear indications that many have entered the country in search of better economic prospects. Some 80 percent are able bodied men who have usually passed through safe countries on their way to Israel. ...

... Given the predominantly young and male demographic, it is perhaps not surprising that per capita crime rates within this group are three to four times the national average. Herein lies another parallel to the European situation: Israeli police have only recently released these statistics, after years of dodging requests out of fear they would end up encouraging biases.

In recent months, Tel Aviv's southern neighborhoods have become recurrent scenes of street clashes between rival migrant gangs wielding cold weapons: knives, stones, rods and the like. Mainstream media is reluctant to report on such incidents, instead leaving the issue to take on a life of its own online. Thus videos float around among Israelis on Facebook showing frightening violent scenes of fights and riots.

The Israeli legal system, like its European counterparts, is not designed to handle large-scale criminal activity by individuals whose identities and whereabouts are not known, and who have weak, if any, ties to the surrounding community. About half the indictments against migrants in 2018 never made it to court because the suspects could not be located by police and didn't show up. /.../ Life has changed dramatically for residents of South Tel Aviv.

But this isn't just a local issue. There are much greater problems with illegal immigration beyond its effects on the local way of life of certain municipalities. To begin with there is the proximity to Africa. /.../ For a country as small as Israel, this is an existential concern. ... ...

There were therefore more policy initiatives designed to underline the same message. One was the "Leave Fund" conceived by the single NGO which sided with the state – The Israeli Immigration Policy Center, founded and headed by Yonatan Jakubowicz. The idea was to withhold a portion of the immigrants' salaries, to be returned to them only upon departure from Israel. This policy was partially emasculated by the courts and then watered down further by the state in the hope that some version of it will pass muster with the judges. The question is still pending. ...

Currently things are at a stalemate again. The state is dragging its feet in examining asylum requests, but as time goes by, the immigrant community, which enjoys a wide array of social services, is taking root in the south of Tel Aviv, and everyone knows what the next step in this struggle will be: a campaign for family reunification permits which, some fear, may end up tripling or quadrupling the immigrant population, creating momentum for permanent residence in the process. ...

... There's an overwhelmingly liberal press, which has been almost entirely uniform in towing the party line, and has the power to suppress truths and disseminate falsehoods. ...
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Politics – democracy, liberalism, Israel
Immigration Policy and the Rise of Anti-Democratic Liberalism – the Case of Israel [part 2]
Gadi Taub
Quillette, 4 July 2019.

David Goodhart best captured the sociological aspect of this relatively new class divide when he called its two factions the "Anywheres" and the "Somewheres." We may also call them, in the tradition of Zygmunt Bauman, the "mobile" and the "sedentary" classes.

The former, the mobile Anywheres, are internationalist in outlook and often in lifestyle. They are, as Goodhart emphasizes, equally comfortable in various corners of a globalized world, and work in jobs which bring them in contact with their peers in other countries. ...

The latter, the sedentary Somewheres, are tied down to a local market, a local milieu and a local language. Most importantly, their political power is also dependent on a specific nation state and its democratic mechanism of government.

It should therefore be clear why immigration policy is key to this clash over the locus of sovereignty: not only does it challenge the legitimacy of the borders of nation states – a crucial element of their sovereignty – it also challenges the concept of citizenship by deploying universal human rights against the "exclusionary" idea of citizens' rights, and citizen sovereignty. This is how universal human rights have made the subversion of democracy seem altruistic.

Yet immigration policy is but one arena in this struggle between the Anywheres and the Somewheres and between their respective world views. And once we realize that we are facing an explicitly anti-democratic form of liberalism, the common denominator of many different policies which these elites support becomes clear: a lax and inclusive immigration policy; a delegitimization of national identities; a multi-cultural balkanization of national solidarity; international trade agreements which favor mobility of both labor and capital, and which reduce the control of states over their economic policy; an erasing of borders under supra-national structures; an increase in the power of unelected bureaucracies at the expense of elected politicians; a preference for the judiciary over the legislative and executive branches; a doctrine of judicial supremacy; the subordination of national to international law; an emphasis on universal human rights at the expense of citizens' civil rights; and support for international institutions at the expense of state governments.

To the extent that such international institutions embody these Anywhere views, it is worth noting that though many of them are clearly liberal in outlook, they exercise jurisdiction over people who have no democratic reciprocal control over them.

All this may well backfire in a terrible way against the moderate forms of liberalism which have served democracies so well since World War II. If there is one crucial lesson to be learned from the horrors of the 20th century, it is that the suppression of the right to self-determination – the source from which modern nationalism and modern democracy both emerge, reciprocally supporting each other – can push nationalism to erupt in violent, anti-democratic ways. ...

Taking the long view, we may also note that this clash between extreme liberalism and democracy may well be destructive to both.
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Diversity – structural racism, implicit bias
Cambridge to assign white academics an ethnic minority mentor to combat racism and assist 'institutional change'
Camilla Turner
Daily Telegraph, 3 July 2019.

Cambridge University is running a "reverse mentoring" scheme for staff to combat "structural racism".

Under the project, white senior academics and management staff are assigned one of their black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) colleagues as a mentor in order to encourage "institutional change" at the university.

It is part of a raft of initiatives that the university's equality and diversity department has introduced over the past year, aimed at boosting diversity and driving out racism. ...

The reverse mentoring scheme aims to "raise awareness among white members of senior management of the issues surrounding structural racism".

It also hopes to educate them about the "advantages related to being white and the barriers faced by BAME staff". It is hoped that the scheme will equip senior white dons with the "confidence and skills to discuss issues related to race and racism" and enable them to challenge racism when they come across it. ...

Other initiatives under way at Cambridge include a review of academic courses "to ensure a diverse curriculum is offered", the university confirmed, adding that this is still in its early stages.

The move follows calls from students to "decolonise" the curriculum by adding more BAME writers to reading lists.

The university has set up a Diversity Fund which allocates grants to students or staff who wish to "promote race equality".

One project that has won funding was proposed by the Sedgwick Museum, the university's geology museum founded in 1728, which hopes to transform itself into a "more welcoming and accessible space for BAME people".

Cambridge has also introduced a new leadership programme for staff, which includes training on race awareness and implicit bias, and every College now has a Discrimination and Harassment Contact whose duty is to oversee "a culture of continuous improvement". ...

Cambridge is not the first university to run a "reverse mentoring" scheme for staff. Last year, a Government-funded project at Birmingham saw professors assigned a junior female colleague from an ethnic minority as a mentor to teach them about unconscious bias.

The scheme is backed by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, a government agency, which is funding eleven "Equality, Diversity and Inclusion" projects as part of an £5.5 million anti-discrimination drive in engineering and physical sciences.

Prof John Rowe, who is overseeing the project at Birmingham University, said he hoped the scheme will allow eminent professors to confront their own biases and leave them "feeling quite uncomfortable".
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Border controls – Home Office
Staff shortages and Home Office delays stopping inspectors from holding government to account, chief inspector says
Benjamin Kentish
Independent, 3 July 2019.

Staff shortages and a lack of interest from politicians are stopping the immigration inspectorate from holding the Home Office to account, the head of the organisation has said.

In a damning report, David Bolt, the independent chief inspector of borders and immigration, said his force had been able to employ less than half the number of inspectors that it is supposed to.

25 inspectors are supposed to work as part of the body but only 11 were in post at the end of March 2019. ...

While some replacements have since been recruited, Mr Bolt said the inspectorate would be "significantly under strength for at least the first half of 2019-20".

Mr Bolt also claimed that his work has "slipped down the agenda" at the Home Office, highlighting the fact that he had just one meeting with Sajid Javid, the home secretary, last year.

He said: "During 2018-19, I had just one meeting with the home secretary and two with the immigration minister. While I recognise the considerable pressures on ministers, particularly over this period, this added to my sense that the [inspectorate's] work had slipped down the agenda."

The chief inspector also criticised Home Office delays in publish the inspectorate's reports.

In one case, a report was sent to Mr Javid in early July but was not published until late November - more than four months later. None of the seven reports were released within the Home Office target of eight weeks.

The reports were often highly damning of Home Office operations.
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Repatriation/deportation – failures, cost
Taxpayers have shelled out £10 MILLION in just five years on 'phantom' flights to return failed asylum seekers that are abandoned before take-off
James Tapsfield
MailOnline, 2 July 2019.

The taxpayer has shelled out more than £10 million in just five years on 'phantom' flights to deport failed asylum seekers that are abandoned before take off.

The eye-watering costs, caused by last-ditch appeals and individuals refusing go quietly, have sparked renewed demands for the system to be tightened up. ...

Problems arise when officials book seats only for legal challenges to be launched against deportation at the last minute - meaning they have to be abandoned.

There has been criticism that the Human Rights Act is being abused to drag out cases.

Poorly-trained staff are also allegedly adding to the issues by trying to put disruptive individuals on planes alone - with pilots then refusing to have them on board.

According to the latest Home Office accounts, the bill for cancelled repatriation flights was £2.04 million last year.

That was down slightly from £2.45 million in 2017-18. But it takes the bill for the past five years to over £10 million.

Despite repeated pledges of a crackdown, the scale of the problem has grown since 2014-15 when it cost £1.58 million.
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Miscellaneous – Nigerians, prostitution
Outrage as UK agency says Nigerians respect wealthy prostitutes
Jamilah Nasir
The Cable, 2 July 2019.

Home Office, a UK ministerial department responsible for immigration, says trafficked women from Nigeria who get wealthy from prostitution are held in high esteem upon their return to the country.

In the June edition of its country policy on the trafficking of women in Nigeria, it said: "Nigeria is a source, transit and destination country for the trafficking of women and girls for forced labour and sexual exploitation".

Making reference to the 2018 UK annual report on modern slavery published by the Home Office, it said Nigeria is the 5th most common country of origin of potential victims of modern slavery.

It said while the victims are subjected to reprisals when they return home, those who get wealthy "enjoy high social-economic status".

The statement irked members of parliament and anti-trafficking/anti-slavery activists in the UK who berated the department, asking it to tender an apology. ...

"However trafficked women who return from Europe, wealthy from prostitution, enjoy high social-economic status and in general are not subject to negative social attitudes on return. They are often held in high regard because they have improved income prospects." ...

Kate Osamor, Labour MP and chair of the all-party parliamentary group on Nigeria, said home office's comment made prostitution "look like a job".

She said of all the stories of trafficking they heard "there was no happy ending" while also demanding an apology.
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Politics – liberalism, political correctness
Letters: The PC stifling of reasoned debate is the enemy of Western liberalism
Trevor Beeson
Daily Telegraph, 1 July 2019.
[Letter to the Editor]

I fear the enemy of Western liberalism may be much nearer to home than Vladimir Putin (Leading Article, June 29). This enemy is the "political correctness" that now seeks to stifle reasoned debate with its bridle of mental totalitarianism.

This smothering of the free thought of the individual will most certainly end the Age of Enlightenment. The irony is that it has become the opposite of the diversity and cultural pluralism under which it masquerades.

The rise of nationalism may only be a form of psychological displacement: a reaction to the ever wider spread of this cultural suffocation across national life. It should therefore be viewed as a symptom, not a cause, of what may be happening in the West.
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Immigration abroad – Africans, USA
The Next Influx: The Entire World's Poor and Dispossessed
Todd Bensman
Center for Immigration Studies, 1 July 2019.

Like the proverbial "bulge in the belly of the snake," unusually high numbers of non-Latino migrants, obviously not from Central America, are now reportedly passing from Colombia through Panama on their way to the U.S. southern border. ...

Word of their successful entries into the United States this year clearly reached home countries because now a swell numbering as many as 35,000 is on an infamous migrant passage through which migrants have long funneled from South America to North America: the Darien Gap.

I am told this by two eye-witnesses who have just returned from the Colombia-Panama region on either side of the Gap. ...

Neither Colombia nor Panama routinely collect and publicly release data regarding migrant flows through their territories, which American homeland authorities often refer to as "exotics" or "extra-continentals" because they are from outside the Western Hemisphere.

But Holton and Edrington separately told me in recent phone and email interviews that a surge is underway the likes of which neither has ever seen and which obviously surpasses what I witnessed in December. Both saw massive numbers of Africans overwhelming government camps and smuggling infrastructure as they push through to repeat the successes at the U.S. border of those who have gone before them. ...

Holton told me he interviewed many migrants on the Colombian side who uniformly told him they decided to go to America, claim asylum, and take advantage of the disarray and laws about which they've all heard, from media reporting and those who already made it, that guarantee they will get to live and work for years in the United States, and probably permanently. ...

Holton said everyone knew to go to American "sanctuary cities," where local authorities won't cooperate with Immigration and Customs Enforcement. ...

"A lot of these guys obviously do not qualify for asylum," Holton told me. "When they talk to me, they don't have a problem telling me it's for economic benefits, to get a better job, to have a better life."

No matter, Holton said. By claiming asylum, "They know they'll have to let them into the U.S. and that they can stay for at least three years" before any ruling on their claims comes back. "They're very clear on that."

Holton said government sources on both sides of the gap estimated that 35,000 were in the pipeline. The majority appear to be Cameroonians, Congolese and Ghanaians, the largest numbers of those migrants he has ever seen and who now appear to outnumber the traditional fare of Haitians and Cubans. Every migrant he interviewed said they'd flown into visa-free Ecuador and caught buses or rides to the Colombia-Panama frontier, where they'll hook up with Darien Gap smugglers. ...

After my own trip to Panama and Costa Rica, I disclosed the existence of a formal bilateral policy by which both countries systematically transport migrants coming off the Darien Gap through their own territories and on to Nicaragua, where the smugglers can pick them up and keep them moving to the U.S. border.
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