IMMIGRATION CONCERN

NEWS AND VIEWS - BY SUBJECT
From 1 January 2019, except recent items

Quotations of news and views by subject



At the end of this page there is a list of subjects, with links to the relevant sections

Within each section of this page the more recent items are shown first. However, extracts can, if preferred, be read in chronological order by using the "Up" link to go to the start of the item next above the one just read.

Authors expressing their own views are indicated in bold. The names of reporters are in normal type.



ASYLUM

Asylum – Iranians, UK, France
Proof Britain IS a soft touch for migrants: We let 63 per cent of asylum seekers from Iran IN...while France keeps 69 per cent OUT
Abul Taher and Peter Allen
Mail on Sunday, 13 January 2019

Britain was last night branded a 'soft touch' for accepting far more Iranian asylum-seekers than France does.

Figures obtained by The Mail on Sunday show the UK grants refugee status to almost two-thirds of those who arrive from Iran. By contrast France takes in only one in three.

And even those refused asylum in Britain are highly unlikely to be kicked out, analysis of official data shows. ...

Lord Green of Deddington, chairman of Migration Watch UK, said: 'The British asylum system is less stringent than the one in France and this is partly why people are trying to come through Calais into Britain and not apply in France.'

An analysis of Home Office data by Migration Watch found that about 2,500 Iranians applied for asylum in the UK each year between 2008 and 2017, ...

In the past year, 63 per cent of the cases ended with claimants being granted asylum, discretionary leave or humanitarian protection. Only 37 per cent were rejected. ...

For the past five years, an average of only about 100 failed applicants have been forcibly removed or chosen to leave per annum – less than four per cent of the total.

Refugee groups say that once an Iranian loses a bid to remain on appeal, they often abscond and work in the black economy or their lawyers submit a fresh asylum application which could take years to process.

The asylum rejection rate for Iranians is much higher in France – the country where all of the Calais migrants could have applied for asylum.

Latest figures from Eurostat, the EU statistical body, show that in 2017, France rejected 63 per cent of Iranian asylum seekers at first decision and ordered them to leave the country. In the first three quarters of 2018, that rose to 69 per cent.

A French government source said the rejection rate for Iranians is similar to the overall rate for all asylum seekers in France, which stands at around 70 per cent.
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Asylum – illegal immigration, deportation
Only one in three failed asylum seekers end up leaving Britain as the others vanish into the 'black economy', damning report reveals
Ian Drury
Daily Mail, 11 January 2019

Only one in three failed asylum seekers gets removed from Britain in a system 'rife with abuse', a damning report has revealed.

Not only does this 'corrode' trust in the rules, but it also provides an incentive to migrants to try to reach the UK illegally, a former Home Office chief warned.

David Wood, head of immigration enforcement until 2015, sets out his findings today in a 74-page report for the think-tank Civitas. ...

After analysis of Home Office figures, Mr Wood said that between 2010 and 2016, 80,813 people were refused sanctuary or withdrew their asylum applications. Of these, only 29,659 were deported – just 36 per cent.

There was also a growing backlog of cases where people waited longer than six months – more than tripling from 4,081 at the start of the decade to 14,306 in 2017.

... Mr Wood said: 'Once migrants reach the UK they are usually here to stay whether they have a valid claim to be here or not.

'This means that these numbers add to an ever-growing number of migrants in the country who have no lawful entitlement to be here.

'Furthermore, the failure to deal with this situation provides an incentive to further attempts to come to the UK by people who have no right to be here.' Under the 1951 Refugee Convention, those seeking refuge from war or persecution can be granted asylum. UK rules allow unsuccessful applicants to appeal.

Guidelines say that failed asylum seekers should be detained only if deporting them is a realistic prospect. But Mr Wood said more should be done to speed up processing applications and to boost removals of those who are declined sanctuary.

He said the initial decision-making process should be streamlined, rather than subjecting every applicant to a lengthy interview. For instance, if it is established that someone is fleeing a warzone, they would automatically be entitled to asylum, leaving officials free to work on more complex cases.

Applicants should be made to take lie detector tests to quickly identify areas of their story that might be fabricated, he suggested.

More failed asylum seekers should be detained if travel documents can be obtained from their home country, he added, meaning they do not escape. If a nation is refusing to provide paperwork, the failed refugee should simply be put on a flight there to be dealt with by UK consular staff.

Mr Wood said: 'It is an important principle that people fleeing persecution should be given refuge by countries in a position to offer it. But where asylum processes are being used as a way of facilitating economic migration it is essential to be able to quickly and efficiently distinguish between the two, in order to ensure those entitled to help receive it quickly, and to ensure that UK citizens do not lose faith and support for a system that is rife with abuse.'
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Asylum – illegal immigration
Reality Check: Who rescues migrants in the Channel?
BBC, 6 January 2019

In 2018, the Home Office says 539 people attempted to travel to the UK on small boats. Of these, 434 (around 80%) made their attempts in the last three months of the year.

Of the 539, 227 (42%) were intercepted by the French before they made it to the UK.

Now, a Royal Navy patrol ship has been sent to deter them - but when people do cross, who is responsible for rescuing them?

A country's territorial waters stretch for 12 miles off its coast. After that, you're into international waters.

If a boat carrying people is found within national waters it's fairly clear-cut - that country has a duty to rescue them to a place of safety.

In international waters, it's slightly less clear and may vary on a case by case basis. But there is still a legal obligation to rescue those in distress and take them to a place of safety.

The stretch between Dover and Calais (the narrowest point) is entirely covered by territorial waters on either side but further down the Channel where it widens out, the waters outside of the two countries' territories are divided up into French and English search-and-rescue zones. ...

... In reality, if people are in danger, any boat nearby will have a duty to rescue them.

Those picked up in the UK zone will be taken to an English port and those in the French zone to a port in France.

The French authorities told the BBC that they had stepped up patrolling in their zone since migrant crossings began to increase in October last year. ...

Under international law, people have the right to seek asylum in whichever country they arrive. There's nothing to say you must seek asylum in the first safe country.

However, under EU law there is a provision to allow asylum applications to be transferred to another member state.

The Dublin Regulation states that a person's asylum claim can be transferred to the first member state they entered.

In 2017 - the last year we have figures for - 461 people were transferred to the UK from another EU country under the Dublin rules, and 314 were transferred out of the UK.

The UK grants refugee status to those who are unable to live in their own country for fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or other factors such as sexual orientation. A successful application usually allows someone leave to remain for five years with the opportunity after that to apply for indefinite leave to remain.

Entry into the original EU country must be proven - so if someone has travelled through mainland European without being fingerprinted and doesn't appear in the shared European fingerprint database, then they cannot be sent back.

If someone already has an asylum claim underway in another country, there will be a dialogue between those two countries about who is responsible.

If an asylum claim in another EU country has already been unsuccessful, the claimant has to prove that this decision was made unfairly or that their circumstances had changed since the decision was made.

Migrants coming from Calais, for example, are likely to have already made an application there according to immigration lawyer, Marcia Longdon.
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BORDER CONTROLS

Border controls – illegal immigration
Beef up immigration laws to beat villains
Sunday Express, 27 January 2019
[Leading article]

Revelations that Albanian drug lords are using our soft borders with the EU to return to Britain after being expelled are of enormous concern.

If there is one story in this newspaper today that highlights why Remainer MPs need to be defeated this week in their last-ditch bid to scupper Brexit, this is it. When Vote Leave ran on the slogan Take Back Control in 2016, many of us believed that control of immigration policy needed to be top of that list. ...

But what is also clear is that Britain's immigration rules are not tough enough.

It is shocking that 42-year-old Baksim Bushati, for instance, was deported three times between 2005 and 2013 for battery and having false documents - yet he returned to the UK each time.

So whatever happens, we need to keep these malignant people out of Britain.
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Border controls – walls
In defence of walls
Patrick West
Spiked, 25 January 2019

A favourite pat slogan, spoken and heard ever since the 1960s, has been 'build bridges, not walls'. It's been repeated by every student, woke pop star and pope ever since. Its appeal has not diminished till this day, owing to Israel's wall designed to keep out Palestinians and Donald Trump's extended wall to keep out Mexicans.

These walls are offensive in a superficial way. Yet one might as well equally repeat Rodney King's famous exhortation: 'Can we all just get along?' But it's also understandable that this phrase emerged in the 1960s, the decade which saw the erection of that monstrous edifice, the Berlin Wall, which literally kept people imprisoned in a state on pain of death.

But as we celebrate the 30th anniversary of that wall's demolition this year, isn't it time to reconsider this naive and trite phrase? Because sometimes walls are good.

The Berlin Wall was detestable because it was designed to keep people in, rather than to keep undesirables out. This has been the traditional function of walls. This was the point of Hadrian's Wall and the Great Wall of China, both constructed to prevent invasion by disruptional Picts and Mongols. This was also the aim of the Roman and medieval city wall, built with the view of protecting citizens from bandits and marauders.

The logic today is that the less we erect walls, literally or in spirit, the more unsafe or unsure our countries become. Ironically, as Douglas Murray has pointed out, there are walls of bollards on bridges in Europe today, due to the threat posed by terrorists. ...

Walls protect us. That's why our houses have them. If you believe walls and barriers are really that bad, I expect that you leave your front door open all the time.
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Border controls – English Channel
UK starts returning cross-Channel migrants to France
BBC, 24 January 2019

The UK has begun returning migrants, who cross the Channel in small boats, to France in a bid to deter others from doing the same, the Home Office said.

On Thursday, a small number of failed asylum seekers, who landed on UK shores in October, were sent back to France.

The Home Office said it wanted to provide "a strong deterrent against the dangerous crossings".

The move is part of a new plan agreed by France and the UK which will see the UK spend an extra £3m on security.

It is understood fewer than five were returned to France on Thursday morning. ...

Previously, the UK announced an extra £44.5m would be spent on strengthening Channel border security.

The home secretary has agreed now to spend £6m (of which £3m is new) on CCTV, night goggles and number plate recognition capability.

Extra security cameras will be placed at French ports and areas where migrants embark from, with a live feed viewable in the UK-France Coordination and Information Centre, in Calais, which is staffed by British and French agencies.

The Home Office said there would also be increased surveillance of the Channel by air and boat patrols, and more foot patrols on beaches and coastal areas.

Last week, UK Prime Minister Theresa May and French President Emmanuel Macron signed the Sandhurst Treaty which committed them to reducing the time taken to process migrants.

It means it would take one month, rather than six, to process a migrant hoping to come to the UK from Calais - and 25 days to process children.
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Border controls – English Channel
Boats assigned to Channel to stop migrant crossings STILL moored in the Mediterranean
Joe Duggan
Daily Express, 22 January 2019

Sajid Javid faces mounting criticism after it was revealed Border Force boats he ordered back to the UK to patrol the English Channel after a surge in migrant crossings remain moored in the Mediterranean.

The Home Secretary told the House of Commons the cutters would not return until early February.

In December, Mr Javid declared a "major incident" after migrant attempts to cross the Channel from mainland Europe became a near daily occurence.

He said two Border Force vessels would be redeployed to Britain to assist in defending the border after a spike in migrants trying to reach Kent in small boats.

But Express.co.uk has found HMC Seeker was still in Gibraltar and HMC Protector in Malta as Mr Javid gave a Commons speech yesterday.
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Border controls – walls
Donald Trump claims 77 major border walls have been built around the world with 800 miles of barriers across Europe
Charlie Parker
The Sun, 18 January 2019

Donald Trump tried to beef up his argument for building a wall along the 1,933-mile US-Mexico border by claiming similar structures have already been erected across the globe.

The president tweeted that 77 major border walls currently exist and that 800 miles of barriers "stop crime" in Europe.

He also tweeted that 45 countries were in the process of "planning or building walls". ...

The tycoon wrote: "Over 800 miles of Walls have been built in Europe since only 2015.

"They have all been recognized as close to 100% successful. Stop the crime at our Southern Border!"

Trump appears to be basing his claims on analysis by USA Today, who cited the UN Refugee Agency for statistics on border walls across the globe. ...

It added that since Europe's migrant crisis erupted in 2015, "at least 800 miles of fences have been erected by Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Slovenia and others".
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CRIME

Crime – youths, jails
More than half of young people in jail are of BME background
Jamie Grierson
The Guardian, 29 January 2019

More than half of the inmates held in prisons for young people in England and Wales are from a black and minority ethnic (BME) background, the highest proportion on record, the prisons watchdog has said, prompting warnings that youth jails have hit "American" levels of disproportionality.

About 51% of boys in young offender institutions (YOIs) – prisons for boys aged 15 to 17 and young adult men aged 18 to 21 – identified as being from a BME background, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Prisons (HMIP) found.

In addition, the inspectorate found 42% of children in secure training centres (STCs) – prisons for children up to the age of 17 – were from a BME background.

The proportion of BME boys and men behind bars in YOIs in England and Wales is nearly four times the 14% BME proportion of the wider UK population.

David Lammy MP, who published a review into the treatment of and outcomes for BME individuals in the criminal justice system in 2017, said he was shocked by the figures, which have rocketed since he released the report, when the BME proportion in YOIs and STCs was just over 40%. ...

Lammy's review said prosecutions against some BME suspects should be deferred or dropped to help tackle the bias against them in the criminal justice system.

He said allowances should also be made for younger defendants' immaturity and criminal records should be sealed to help former offenders find work, adding that statistics suggested discrimination was worse than in the US in some cases.

The inspectorate found that the proportion of boys who identified as being from a BME background varied depending on the establishment, from one in five (21%) at the Keppel unit in West Yorkshire, to nearly three-quarters (71%) at Feltham in west London.

The percentage identifying as being from a BME background also varied between STCs, from 33% at Oakhill in Buckinghamshire to 55% at Medway in Kent.
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Crime – child sexual abuse
Oxford grooming gang who plied lonely, friendless 14-year-old girl with drink and drugs before raping her when she was comatose are all jailed for life
Joel Adams
MailOnline, 22 January 2019

A gang of three man who groomed and raped a vulnerable schoolgirl in a horrific campaign of child sex abuse have been jailed for life.

Mohammed Karrar, Bassam Karrar and Anjum Dogar befriended the 'lonely, friendless' 14-year-old girl and began grooming their victim by taking her to parties and giving her alcohol and drugs before making demands for sexual acts. ...

Police said their predatory behaviour in Oxford came to an horrific head when the men put the victim in a state of being comatose, using a cocktail of drugs and drink at a party.

She woke up with terrible injuries and realised that she had been viciously attacked and raped by the gang, a police spokesman said. ...

A jury took just five hours and three minutes to find them all guilty by a unanimous verdict, following their trial at Oxford Crown Court which ended in December.
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Crime – violence
Meet the gang behind the worst violent attack a judge has seen in 25 years
Tommy Wathen
EssexLive, 19 January 2019

An Essex judge has sentenced seven men for violent break-ins across Tilbury and Horndon-on-the-Hill that she described as the 'the worst she has seen in 25 years'. ...

During sentencing at Basildon Crown Court on Friday (January 18), Her Honour Justice Leigh said: "Your evidence at times was laughable had the offending not been so serious.

"The offence at Saffron House is the worst I have seen in 25 years.

"You are cold, callous, violent young men devoid of emotion." ...

Following an extensive investigation, seven men were arrested and charged in relation to the attacks. They are:

Salih Bulbuller, ... Mark Bonsu, ... Ayomide Ijelu, ... Emmanuel Ijelu, ... Jeremiah Johnson, ... Barry Douglas, ... Wesley Williams, ...

Investigating officer Detective Inspector Steve Nelson, from the Serious and Organised Crime Unit, said: "These men terrorised their victims subjecting them to brutal attacks, including an ordeal described in court as 'torture'.

"Their victims were a young family and a vulnerable elderly man.

"The six that stood trial refused to take responsibility for these attacks and have shown no remorse at any stage.

"The level of violence of these attacks is shocking and horrifying. ..."
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Crime – fraud
Gang jailed for credit card scam after £1m designer shopping spree in West End
Anthony France
Evening Standard, 17 January 2019

A gang who went on a £1 million spending spree in the West End during a credit card scam have been jailed.

Marcus Carter, 38, and his co-accused splashed out on Rolex and Cartier watches and kitted themselves out in Burberry, Gucci and Prada.

They browsed for luxury goods on mobile phones and tablet devices worth £126,000 and dined at restaurants such as Gaucho and the Dorchester Hotel.

Carter along with Jeffrey Spencer, 35, and Frank Allan, 33, used details of old companies to secure huge lines of credit, then maxed out their American Express and Barclays cards. ...

Between 2014 and 2016 Carter, Spencer and Allan posed as directors of lucrative companies to convince credit card chiefs they were doing business with big-time players.

They then supplied phoney accounts to Companies House to make it look like they were successful traders, Southwark crown court heard last Friday.

Carter, also known as Marcus Boahene-Coabbina, was sentenced to seven years and two months after admitting conspiracy to defraud and conspiracy to acquire criminal property.

Spencer, aka Victor Templar-Quarshie, of South Norwood, and Allan, aka Frank Templar-Quarshie, also of South Norwood, were found guilty of conspiracy to defraud, conspiracy to acquire criminal property and failing to disclose the PIN to their phones.

They were jailed for nine years and seven years and nine months respectively. ...

The prosecution is seeking Proceeds of Crime Act orders to remove any financial benefit the gang gained during the fraud.
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Crime – Albanians, cocaine
Kings of cocaine: how the Albanian mafia seized control of the UK drugs trade
Mark Townsend
The Observer, 13 January 2019

How Albanians came to conquer the UK's cocaine market is a lesson in criminal savvy; the value of making friends with the world's most dangerous mafias; and the absolute threat of violence.

It began with a business model that was simple in concept, but sufficiently bold to subvert the existing order. For years cocaine's international importers worked separately from its wholesalers and the gangs. ...

The Albanians ditched the entire model. They began negotiating directly with the Colombian cartels who control coca production. ...

Tony Saggers, the former head of drugs threat and intelligence at the National Crime Agency, who has spent 30 years analysing the rhythms of the global narcotics economy, said: "What they have done very intelligently is say: 'OK, we've got these margins to play with and we're going to give a good slice of that to the customer.'"

The Albanian effect has profoundly shaped the use, production and economy of cocaine. The drug is at its cheapest in the UK since 1990 and purer than it has been for a decade, which has caused record fatalities. The UK has the highest number of young users in Europe. More broadly, far bigger and more frequent shipments of the drug have been seized entering the UK as cocaine production in south America has hit record levels - up 31% on 2016. ...

Yet for the Albanians' model to truly work it required control of Europe's ports. For that the Mafia Shqiptare needed to collaborate with the 'Ndrangheta, the most powerful and globalised of the Italian mafias, which controls mainland Europe's cocaine trade.

There is considerable evidence that not only are the Albanians working with the 'Ndrangheta, but that they have formed the tightest of alliances. ...

Collectively, the Belgian and Dutch ports employ 240,000 people, a cohort of whom, police intelligence indicates, work for the 'Ndrangheta and Mafia Shqiptare. ...

Anna Sergi, a lecturer in criminology at the University of Essex who specialises in mafia relationships, confirmed Albanians and the southern Italian crime group have joined forces.
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Crime – Nigerians, Republic of Ireland, Europe
Nigerian gangs trafficking children into Ireland for sex
Cormac O'Keeffe
Irish Examiner, 12 January 2019

Highly organised Nigerian gangs are earning "extremely high profits" from trafficking children into 12 European countries, including Ireland, for prostitution, according to the EU police agency. ...

The Europol report on the trafficking and exploitation of underage victims said southern EU countries, such as Italy and Spain, are the main entry points for trafficked Nigerians.

It said victims are then forced into prostitution in both the two entry countries and 10 other member states, including Ireland.

It said Nigerian organised crime gangs pose a "great challenge" to EU law enforcement. It said they were well organised, but not structured like most other crime networks. ...

The report said the cellular structure makes it easy to move victims and that if one cell is dismantled by police, the other cells can continue operating.

It said: "Nigerian networks generate extremely high criminal profits, as each victim is forced to pay back the organisation usually between €30,000 and €60,000."

It said most victims of Nigerian gangs were aged between 15 and 17, though the reports documents children aged 11-15 and some aged six-10 and even under five.

The girls were often promised well-paid jobs. The gangs often involved family relatives to persuade the girls to move and in other cases use voodoo rituals.
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Crime – vehicle collisions, insurance fraud
Crash-for-cash gang 'plagued Luton's roads' causing 80 collisions and scamming £1.2m from insurers
Stewart Carr
Luton Today, 7 January 2019

The ringleader of a Luton gang behind a £1.2m crash-for-cash scam operation has been jailed for six years.

Raja Mehmood, 35, of Sherd Close, Luton, was the ringleader of an organised crime group believed to be behind around 80 collisions between 2013 and 2015.

15 other members of the group were also sentenced after a three-day hearing at St Albans Crown Court concluded today (Monday).

Eight people in total were jailed for nearly 33 years, with others receiving suspended sentences. ...

Fellow gang members included:

Steven Seaton, ... Mita Mistri, ... Naveed Khan, ... Nadeem Khan, ... Ataf Hussain, ...

The investigation uncovered around 80 collisions in total that could be directly linked to the group. Another 10 people were also involved in the fraud, including family members and partners of the OCG members, either helping to stage the accidents or making false insurance claims and collecting the illegal pay outs. ...

"Mehmood was the ringleader at the centre of the gang who plagued Luton's roads before fleeing the country, instead of owning up to his crimes, leaving other gang members to take the fall. ..."
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DIVERSITY

Diversity – BBC
BBC announces new programmes celebrating British diversity, including a collaboration with Sir Lenny Henry
Chris Edwards
Digital Spy, 13 January 2019

BBC 4 has announced a series of new programmes that will celebrate British diversity.

The new programmes will explore the secret tribes and communities that have helped shape modern British history.

They'll air across February and include programmes such as A Very British History, a new series exploring the untold stories of communities across the UK, and a series of monologues produced in collaboration with Sir Lenny Henry Henry and The Young Vic, titled Soon Gone: A Windrush Chroniclal.

There's also Windrush: Movement Of The People by Phoenix Dance Theatre, a contemporary dance piece celebrating the first large arrival of Caribbean migrants to the UK.
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Diversity – USA
University Spends $10.6 MILLION A Year On Diversity, Equity, And Inclusion Salaries. Is It Working?
Ashe Schow
Daily Wire, 7 January 2019

The University of Michigan (UM) spends about $10.6 million a year on the salaries of 82 employees who have something relating to diversity in their title.

Mark Perry, an economics professor at the university and an American Enterprise Scholar, compiled data on publicly available salaries searching for the terms "diversity," "equity," and "inclusion." He found 82 employees with some combination of those words in their title and added up their salaries for the total. The highest paid employee with a variation of this title is the school's vice provost for equity and inclusion and chief diversity officer (that's his full title), who is paid $407,653 a year. ...

"The University of Michigan Has At Least 82 Full-Time Diversity Officers at a Total Annual Payroll Cost of $10.6M. That Would Support Full In-State Tuition for 708 Students," Perry wrote in a tweet about his data.
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Diversity – universities
Against Diversity Statements
Jeffrey Flier
Chronicle of Higher Education, 3 January 2019
[Jeffrey Flier is former dean of Harvard Medical School]

The goal of enhancing diversity, equity, and inclusion enjoys overwhelming support across the academy. ...

... In the process, fresh issues arise: Have the terms retained their original meanings, or acquired important new connotations? Have the programs changed their goals to adapt to current realities? ...

My attention was drawn to these question by the University of California at Los Angeles's recent announcement of a new policy requiring faculty members to document activities in support of diversity in dossiers used to evaluate all appointments and promotions. ...

As a supporter of the original goals of diversity, equity, and inclusion initiatives, my skepticism toward this policy surprised a number of friends and colleagues. But it is entirely inappropriate to require diversity statements in the process of appointment and promotion. Such requirements risk introducing a political litmus test into faculty hiring and reviews.

Many faculty and administrators regard the new policy as a healthy, consciousness-raising signal to promote support for diversity, a perspective that I understand. ...

During nine years as a medical-school dean, I oversaw nearly a thousand professorial reviews assessing the research, teaching, service, and reputation of senior members of the faculty. ...

.. Since progressive/left identifications are dominant in the academy, especially in the humanities and social sciences (as well as in administration), politically influenced litmus tests could easily arise in that sphere.

... But the key terms – diversity, equity, and inclusion – are rarely defined with specificity, and their meaning has been subtly shifting. That's a serious problem, especially if diversity efforts are to be a criterion for faculty evaluation. The term "equity," for instance, can imply equality of opportunity or equality of outcome – two quite different things with distinct policy implications. ...

One way to understand the problem is to examine the academic literature regarding equity and inclusion today. This literature, though not uniform, often incorporates key elements of a theoretical corpus known as "critical race theory," little known to many academics outside of the social sciences and the humanities. It emphasizes structural racism, white privilege and supremacy, microaggressions, economically driven power relationships, and intersectionality. At the level of policy, it favors "race conscious" rather than "color blind" approaches to remedies.

My goal here is not to critique or evaluate the precepts of critical race theory. But it is obvious that these ideas and policy frameworks are not politically neutral. Rather, they map onto the left/progressive wing of the political spectrum, and their claims are arguable and highly contested. This ideological context is hardly subtle, but many academics appear not to appreciate its pervasiveness. The resulting ambiguity makes it difficult to debate proposed policies, which are portrayed as reflecting common decency even as they are increasingly linked to a particular leftist ideology.
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EMPLOYMENT

Employment
Employment study debunks migrant worker myth
Adam McCulloch
Personnel Today, 14 January 2019

Immigrants have been among the main beneficiaries of the employment boom but not at the expense of workers born in the UK, and London is not the main driver for the boom.

These are among the findings of Setting the Record Straight, a Resolution Foundation analysis which, using ONS statistics, looks into the reasons behind the record 75.7% employment rate, up more than two percentage points from the rate in 2008. ...

Migrants, the study finds, have accounted for two-thirds of the increase in employment since 2008 (in part because they have grown as a share of the population) but in the same period the employment rate for people born in the UK has risen by more than two percentage points to a record high of 75.8%.

The report does not support those who suggest employment growth is London-centric or that urban centres outside the capital have been "left behind". Rising employment, it finds, has been driven by parts of the country with relatively low-employment catching up.
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Employment – inequality
Mass Immigration And The Growth Of Inequality
James Wickham
Social Europe, 8 January 2019

The claim that immigration is economically beneficial appears to be an article of faith amongst those who consider themselves progressive. However, mere changes in total GDP often mean little in terms of the lived reality of society. Much more important is whether or not mass immigration changes the social structure and the pattern of economic inequality.

Economic inequality (in the distribution of income and wealth) has been growing in virtually every developed society. It is clear that there is no single cause, but one important driver is changes in the occupational structure. In some countries, but especially in the UK and the USA, occupational growth has polarised: there are more well-paid high-skilled jobs, there are more low-paid jobs, but there are fewer moderately well-paid secure jobs in the middle.

A growing social science research suggests that the reason for the existence of low-paid jobs has been precisely the availability of a large pool of immigrant labour. Low-paid jobs have expanded simply because there are people prepared to do them. If this labour supply did not exist and, crucially, if there was no alternative labour supply, then the jobs would not exist. The argument that immigrants are 'needed' to fill existing jobs takes the existing jobs and hence the occupational structure for granted; furthermore, it accepts that immigrants are the only possible source of additional labour.

In some sectors enterprises' business model depends upon paying low wages. The transformation of agriculture in the USA and more recently in the UK has involved a shift to forms of production and even to crops that are only viable because of low wages. ...

Until the 1980s domestic servants were declining in numbers. Today professionals and managers expect to employ domestic labour to clean their houses, mind their children, etc. These jobs are overwhelmingly taken by immigrants who are often illegals. ...

This relationship between mass immigration and occupational change cannot be generalised to all periods and places. The mass European migration in the second half of the 19th century to the USA and other areas of new settlement did not have this result, nor in fact did the mass immigration to Western Europe in the post-world war period. It is, however, clear that today those who call for 'open borders' – the unrestricted entry of unskilled workers into the EU – are facilitating a more polarised occupational structure, more low paid workers and greater social and economic inequality.
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EXTREMISM

Extremism – costs
Britain spent £200,000 protecting welfare of extremist Muslim hate preacher Abu Qatada after he was deported to Jordan in 2013
Joe Middleton
MailOnline, 4 January 2019

Britain has spent nearly £200,000 protecting the welfare of extremist hate preacher Abu Qatada.

Qatada, claimed asylum in Britain in 1993, but was deported to his native Jordan in 2013 to face terrorism charges.

When Theresa May was Home Secretary, she played a key role in the decade long-battle costing more than £1.9 million, to deport the cleric.

But his meetings with doctors and human rights workers were funded by taxpayers for three years, as reported by The Times.

The payments were agreed by Mrs May despite her telling Parliament in 2013 that costs relating to Qatada were 'not acceptable to the public and not acceptable to me.'

These visits were to ensure Qatada was not being tortured after his removal from the country, a freedom of information request showed.

The Home Office spent £66,000 on monitoring Qatada, with the money going to the Adaleh Centre for Human Rights Studies.

While the Foreign Office spent £57,509.92 doing the same.
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ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

Illegal immigration – border security
Drug barons make a mockery of courts by IGNORING orders to return to ALBANIA
Jon Austin
Daily Express, 29 January 2019

Drug lords from Albania are making a mockery of our deportation system by returning to commit more crime after being booted out. Anyone deported from the UK is placed on a watchlist and banned from re-entering the country.

However, a Sunday Express investigation found several cases where deported Albanian criminals, including high-end drug dealers, have resurfaced in the UK, sometimes within a year of being kicked out and in other cases multiple times. One serious criminal officials hope will not return is Albanian Alek Dauti, 31, the ringleader of a people smuggling network that tried to get hundreds of illegal migrants into the UK. He was extradited to Belgium on Friday to serve a 10 year jail sentence he received in his absence in December.

Dauti's gang used corrupt truck drivers to smuggle men, women and children into the UK, sometimes using refrigerated lorries.

Last week police in Blackpool said two Albanian men were facing deportation and another was on the run, after they raided a cannabis factory in the town.
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Illegal immigration – border security
Drug barons make a mockery of courts by IGNORING orders to return to ALBANIA: Comment
Alp Mehmet
Daily Express, 29 January 2019

The fact that convicted Albanian and other criminals are re-entering the UK after deportation may not surprise many, but it should ring alarm bells in the Home Office.

If we can't keep out even those we have thrown out as baddies, what hope is there for dealing with illegal immigration generally? This calls attention to the Government's failures over the monitoring and removal of foreign criminals - of whom there are 9,000 in UK prisons and thousands more at large.

According to the National Crime Agency many of those who re-enter the UK, after being deported, do so with false EU identity papers.

With free movement set to end after Brexit, the Government must ensure border officials are better able to check that suspicious people are the rightful holders of any passport.

As funding for border functions has been cut by a quarter since 2012, is it any wonder criminals are getting in? So, what is to be done?

Having entered the New Year talking tough about migrants crossing the Channel in dinghies - only a small proportion of the 70,000 illegal immigrants annually joining over a million already here - Home Secretary Sajid Javid and Chancellor Philip Hammond could begin by boosting the border control budget.

Seventy seven per cent of the public consider illegal immigration a serious concern. And Mr Javid could start to restore some of the public's lost faith in our immigration system by getting a grip of the Albanian villains cocking a snook at our border controls.
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Illegal immigration – lorries
Channel migrants: Lorries still favoured route, border officers say
BBC, 27 January 2019

The number of migrants entering the UK in lorries is far greater than those crossing the Channel in dinghies, immigration officers have reported.

Lucy Moreton, general secretary of the Immigration Services Union, said preventing "lorry drops" was still the "day-to-day grind" for officers. ...

Ms Moreton said: "The numbers coming over in small boats are only a small proportion compared to the number coming across in lorries.

"There is a lot of focus on small boats, but the day-to-day grind is still the lorries."

A BBC investigation has found that migrants trying to enter the UK by lorry are spreading their efforts from Calais to ports across Europe.

"We know there are large numbers massing in other ports," Ms Moreton said.

The number of so-called "lorry drops" - where migrants get out of an HGV after arriving in the UK - is not known.

More than 1,800 people were apprehended after making "clandestine entries" into the country through south coast ports in 2017/18, according to Home Office figures.
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Illegal immigration
Destination UK: Following illegal migrants for a week, through four European ports
BBC, 26 January 2019

Migrants attempting to enter the UK illegally used to focus their efforts on the French port of Calais.

But following a crackdown there, they have spread their efforts out to ferry ports across Europe, as far afield as northern Spain.

BBC correspondent Colin Campbell spent a week visiting four different European ports to follow their trail.

Many of the people trying to get to the UK are economic migrants.

But an internal Home Office document seen by the BBC shows asylum claims have risen.

"Asylum intake for October, November and December 2018 hit the highest levels since October 2015", said the leaked document.
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Illegal immigration – English Channel
3,000 migrants desperate to cross Channel will not be deterred by Border Force patrols, say charities
Charles Hymas
Daily Telegraph, 23 January 2019

Some 3,000 migrants are in northern France and Belgium "desperate" to get to the UK and will not be deterred by Britain's Navy and Border Force patrols, refugee charities have told MPs.

Clare Moseley, Founder of Care4Calais, told the Home Affairs Select Committee the French policy of dispersing migrants from Calais had failed to stop thousands continuing to seek to get to Britain with many saying they would "do anything" to cross the Channel.

The appalling conditions, with many sleeping out in the open after persistent police raids on any makeshift camps, was driving more to Britain rather than deterring them, she said. ...

She added: "We were told the closure of the camps would stop people coming to Calais, trying to cross the Channel. It hasn't."

Maddy Allen, field manager of Help Refugees, said the Border Force patrols and deployment of HMS Mersey were "not acting as a deterrent".
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Illegal immigration – politics
Dinghies of migrants are small part of 'significant wedge' of illegal migration, says Director of Migration Watch UK
Holly Pyne
talkRadio, 22 January 2019

Neil Anderson, Executive Director of Migration Watch UK has said that reports of illegal migrants attempting to cross the Channel in dinghies are a "small front-end of a significant wedge".

A further 23 migrants were intercepted by the Border Force in the English Channel on Sunday, bringing the weekend total for arrivals to almost 40.

Mr Anderson told talkRADIO's Mike Graham: "In terms of immigration and illegal migration, a lot more needs to be done.

"It is very easy to concentrate on migrants coming over in dinghies and we are hearing about a few dozen being picked up but this is very simply a very small front-end of a significant wedge." ...

Mr Anderson added that there had been no "political will" to invest in resources at the UK border.

"One thing we can say for certain is that there are serious resource issues with the border force," he said.

"Basically there has to be the political will and willingness to invest in the appropriate resources in order to address this very serious problem."
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Illegal immigration – boats
16 suspected migrants caught attempting to enter UK on dinghies after crossing Channel
Jamie Johnson
Daily Telegraph, 21 January 2019

Sixteen suspected migrants on three separate vessels have been picked up by British authorities after crossing the English Channel on Sunday morning, as fears mount that more people will try to reach the UK this week.

Two of the dinghies made landfall on the Kent coast, at Kingsdown and Warren, with a total of eight men presenting themselves as Iranian or Iraqi.

A third boat, carrying eight men was intercepted by Border Force officials heading towards Dover and was escorted by CPV Speedwell into the port. ...

But despite this extra effort, questions have been asked of border officials on both sides of the Channel as to how these small dinghies continue to cross the sea undetected.

There is a worry that more crossings will be attempted this week as low winds, calm seas and slightly higher temperatures are expected in the Channel. ...

The MP for Dover and Deal, Charlie Elphicke said: "The best way to stop these crossings is for migrants and traffickers to know they won't succeed in entering the UK.

"That's why there needs to be round the clock aerial surveillance to ensure the French authorities are alerted to any small craft leaving the French coast so they can be helped safely back to France.

"Only yesterday we saw a terrible tragedy in the Mediterranean. Only by taking a strong stance can we ensure tragedy is avoided in the English Channel."

The incident in the Mediterranean saw a boat carrying 120 people, including a baby, a child and a pregnant woman, sink off the coast of Libya.
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Illegal immigration – border security
How to deal with immigrant crisis
Frederick Forsyth
Daily Express, 12 January 2019

Border Force and Government have been driven to distraction by a sudden influx of small boats trying to cross from Calais to Kent bearing entire families of immigrants claiming to be refugees from persecution and even death. ...

Technically all seekers after sanctuary should register with the authorities of the first safe eU country where they make landfall. But they don't. They keep pressing on north-west, through Greece, Italy or France, with local help and encouragement (thanks, partners) until they reach a point on the French coast facing their true Mecca – us. Then the repeated attempts to cross that 21-mile strip of water.

Thence the quandary. We have a noble tradition of allowing sanctuary to real refugees fleeing real persecution – from the Huguenots to the Jews to those of today. But there is such massive and pandemic persecution in the world that we simply cannot take them all or even a small fraction of them.

Nor do we know whether they are lying to us – real escapers from terror and death or freeloaders looking for a cushy billet within our generous system? Are Italy and France dictatorships? No. So why not register there and then ask to come here? There is a possible solution.

We establish on French soil with their cooperation a vetting office, staffed with linguists. It would cost, but not as much as turning the Channel into a war zone. Those who have deliberately destroyed their Id papers must be presumed liars. Those lying about where they really come from are also refused. In our expanding economy, likely to further expand when we are free of the EU, we need the educated, talented, willing to work.

If we could check them out in France, we could allow in the cream of the cream and make plain to the fraudsters they were never coming here legally and only deportation awaits. We could also by then have a record of all those turned away. It may sound harsh but segregation into categories is the only practical way. Those deliberately avoiding our vetting office would have declared their non-qualification.
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Illegal immigration – boats
Migrant boats are now landing in northern England in a change of tactic by people smugglers
Jane Wharton
Metro, 12 January 2019

Migrants making the perilous journey over the seas into the UK are changing course to avoid capture, it has emerged.

Unscrupulous smugglers are sending people in small boats on 200-mile journeys to land in more sparsely populated areas further up the coast.

Metro.co.uk can reveal there have been at least two incidents of men landing in Lincolnshire in the last two months in a noticeable change of tactic.

It is thought they are exploiting the fact that Border Force patrols are so heavily focused on patrolling the English Channel around Kent that they can slip in unnoticed.
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Illegal immigration – smuggling
I've smuggled 300 migrants into UK boasts Afghan trafficker who has been booted out of the country TWICE himself
Oliver Harvey
The Sun, 9 January 2019

A people smuggler has boasted to The Sun of getting 300 migrants across the Channel.

The Afghan fixer named Anam, 28, told our team that he helps set up speedboat crossings to the UK for £6,000 per person.

He said in Calais, France: "If police catch you, they never send you back. It's secure to go, no danger."

The National Crime Agency is investigating our findings.

Smugglers in Britain are sneaking migrants across the Channel with payments sent to a backstreet curry house.

The scam is being orchestrated by the Afghan "Mr Fix It" already booted out of the UK twice.

Anam charges would-be migrants £6,000 for a speedboat crossing and £2,500 to go in a three-metre dinghy.

The Calais-based fixer, who uses a UK mobile phone to run the illegal operation, claims to have helped 300 migrants get into Britain.

He boasted to undercover reporters how easy it was to get from Calais to Folkestone, Kent – and they would stay in the UK even if caught. ...

If the dinghy plan failed he could even guarantee arrival by lorry – claiming he smuggled nine people that way in the fortnight before Christmas.

Anam said he pays East European truck drivers £3,000 a migrant. He smirked: "In Romania and Poland people can work for £800 two months. For £3,000 for each person they all jumping, dancing for it."
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Illegal immigration – politics, anti-racism
How immigration makes us all irrational
Dan Hannan
Washington Examiner, 7 January 2019

Some 300 men – they are almost all men, and seem to be mainly from Iran – have tried to reach Britain in small boats since November. That number is not large when we consider that around 7,500 people claimed asylum in the UK during the same period. Still, dinghies make good photographs, and news is slow at this time of year, so British tabloids were quick to proclaim a "crisis." ...

Immigration makes all sides irrational. To redeploy Royal Navy vessels to the Channel, as Britain is now doing at a cost of $25,000 a day, is an absurd over-reaction. If the UK truly wanted to reduce illegal immigration, it would spend an equivalent sum of money on ensuring that deportation orders were properly enforced. ...

Every bit as irrational is the reaction of the virtue-signaling Left. Most of us agree that a measure of controlled and legal immigration can benefit a country. Left-wingers are perfectly within their rights to argue that immigration policy should be guided by compassion rather than GDP growth – that we should, in other words, count poverty and desperation as qualifications rather than just economic utility. But how, on those grounds, can you possibly justify a system that allows a handful of would-be settlers to jump the queue by paying people-smugglers?

If anything, the Channel crossing belongs in a Darwinian science-fiction novel. Some futuristic dystopian state might seek to improve its genetic stock by closing its borders, knowing that only the shrewdest, hardiest and most determined migrants would attempt the sea journey. How have progressives now come, in effect if not in intention, to support such a policy? How have they reached the point where they want to contract out immigration policy to criminal gangs?

The answer, I suspect, has to do with changes on the Left since the late 1960s – in particular the elevation of anti-racism as the supreme virtue, the card that trumps feminism, free speech, secularism and everything else. There are people in Britain, as in the United States, who struggle to see past the color of the would-be migrants' skins. A few of these people are white supremacists. Many more are well-meaning liberals who are so determined not to give succor to racists that they end up backing idiotic policies from a tribalism of their own. In Britain, this means agitating to admit the boat people. In the United States, it means arguing that a gang of Hondurans who pitch up at the border should be allowed to elbow aside those who have applied properly and legally.

People-smuggling is a huge industry, and it grows larger every day. Rising aspirations and improved technology – notably smartphones with both a GPS function and the ability to transfer credit – are triggering mass movements of peoples. Wealthy countries need to work out how to deal with migratory pressures never before encountered in peace-time.

They need to accept that human institutions are necessarily imperfect and that, under any conceivable system, some rogues will get in while some deserving applicants are kept out. That is not an argument for abandoning all your rules. On the contrary, it is an argument for enforcing them properly.
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Illegal immigration
Why those few desperate people in dinghies really are a danger to Britain...
Peter Hitchens
Mail on Sunday, 6 January 2019

It is continuity, stability, peace, mutual understanding and long-accumulated experience that make civilisations. Without them, the most vital ingredient of human society – trust – cannot develop or flourish.

...

Nobody can blame the migrants for seeking better lives elsewhere, but if they all do so, they will destroy the very thing they are seeking.

There has been nothing like it in modern times. If we do not check it, it will transform Europe into somewhere else in two generations.

Britain is far better-placed than other countries, thanks to the sea which surrounds us. But salt water alone will not do the job. We have to patrol it and turn back the uninvited. If we do not, the sea becomes an open door, with every beach a port of entry.

A lot of people are currently mocking the idea that the migrants making their way across the Channel are an important issue. They say the numbers are small. They were small, too, when they first began to arrive in Greece, in Spain, in Sicily and Malta.

Then word spread that those seas were open. And the numbers quickly stopped being small.

People-smugglers are not fools. They can quickly see and exploit any opportunity.

If I had anything to do with it, I would tow them all back to free, democratic France on sight and tell the French (correctly) it was for their benefit too. After all, if they knew they couldn't get into Britain, most of them wouldn't come to France in the first place.

And the fact they don't want to stay in France proves they are not refugees, but migrants.

But if that doesn't work, perhaps we could copy Australia, and pay (say) Greenland to take them in, unless they agreed to go home, with an absolute guarantee that nobody who arrived here illegally, or was caught trying to do so, would ever be allowed to stay here.

Or we can do nothing much, and say goodbye to Britain.
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Illegal immigration – crime
Albanian illegal immigrant who snuck into UK under a lorry was arrested for drug dealing but bailed to roam free... until he was finally caught with an AXE and MEAT CLEAVER six months later
Sebastian Murphy-bates
MailOnline, 5 January 2019

An illegal immigrant smuggled into Britain under a lorry was allowed to roam the streets for months even after police arrested him for suspected drugs offences, a court heard.

Albanian Arsen Spahiu was arrested on suspicion of dealing cocaine and heroin but later released on bail despite having entered the country illegally.

Spahiu, 25, then roamed free for six months as he disappeared off police's radar until officers finally caught up with him when he was discovered with an axe and a meat cleaver.

A court heard authorities cannot even precisely pinpoint when the Albanian entered the country, believing he arrived at some point between 2015 and early 2018. ...

Spahiu, of Southampton, admitted one charge of having a fake Italian driving licence, two of possessing a bladed article and one of entering Britain without leave.
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Illegal immigration – smugglers
Smugglers are using Facebook groups called 'immigration to Britain' to lure migrants illegally into the UK on overcrowded boats for £10,000
Arthur Martin And Dora Allday
Daily Mail, 2 January 2019

Smugglers are brazenly using Facebook to offer migrants illegal routes to the UK for up to £10,000, it emerged yesterday.

The traffickers boast how they can help people from Africa and Asia reach Western Europe without being caught.

The Daily Mail found a range of illegal activity on Facebook – just hours after the tech giant said it had improved its security measures. ...

Facebook has become a magnet for migrants who are willing to place their lives in the hands of organised crime networks to reach the UK.

One of the pages found is called 'illegal immigration from Libya to Italy' and offers places on poorly maintained fishing boats to cross the Mediterranean. It features a picture of a boat packed with migrants.

Another is called 'immigration to Britain' and contains pictures of Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament. There is a picture of a wad of banknotes under a discussion about reaching the UK from the Middle East. ...

One trafficking group appears to be operating from the Iranian capital Tehran. The Facebook page states: 'We can help people who want to migrate through legal or illegal means to claim asylum. People who don't have a passport or don't want to travel on their own passports can be provided with another one.'

It offers a list of countries to which it can take migrants, with a price alongside each one. The group offers travel to the UK for £6,000.
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Illegal immigration – border security
Migrant farce is making Britain look like a soft touch
Chris Hobbs
Daily Mail, 2 January 2019

Home Secretary Sajid Javid is coming under increasing political pressure to get a grip on the recent surge in migrant boats crossing the English Channel. ...

Yet, as a former police officer who spent much of my career in border enforcement, I have to say that I feel a large degree of sympathy for the Home Secretary.

It would be profoundly unfair to heap all the blame on him for the present mess. The reality is that Sajid Javid inherited a toxic legacy when he took over the Home Office last summer because the Border Force simply does not have the capacity to do its job properly.

That is glaringly obvious when it comes to our territorial waters, where the Force has a total of just five cutters to cover 7,723 miles of coastline, whereas Italy has around 600 patrol boats to combat migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean.

The situation is even more stark in the English Channel, one of the world's busiest shipping routes, where just one cutter has been operating recently – and even that has reportedly been in dock in Ramsgate since Saturday.

It is little wonder that people smugglers and organised crime networks sense they have little to fear from the grossly overstretched British agencies. Every new picture of a boatload of migrants being ushered ashore in Kent reinforces the impression that Britain is a soft touch.

An immigration free-for-all cannot be allowed to develop further, especially not in the Channel.

For a start, further impotence on the part of the authorities would dramatically escalate the crisis, making a humanitarian tragedy inevitable.

Indeed, without a crackdown, the traffickers would spread their theatre of operations beyond the Kent coast, using bigger vessels to reach Sussex, Hampshire, East Anglia and even Lincolnshire. So, robust action is needed.

In practice, that means beefing up the Border Force through more patrol boats, more staff and more resources to tackle the organised gangs. ...

But any increase in the Border Force's capability will achieve nothing without a radical change in strategy.

At present, the enforcement patrols – along with Royal National Lifeboat Institution vessels which have also been deployed – tend to pick up the migrants from their boats, then bring them back to England.

Far from acting as a kind of deterrent, this approach is actually an incentive for more illegal migration because the British appear to be acting as a 'taxi service'.

What needs to happen is for the British Government to negotiate deals with our European partners for the rescued migrants to be returned to the Continent instead of being ferried to our shores. ...

It is too simplistic to argue that our Navy should act unilaterally to take these migrants straight back to the Continent. That would be wholly impractical and a major breach of international law.

Britain would not tolerate French military ships sailing into our southern ports to leave groups of illegal migrants on the quayside.

But with more imagination, flexibility, resources and sheer willpower, along with an international accord, our Government can overcome the current problem in the Channel before it spirals out of control.
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Illegal immigration – border security
Theresa May should have solved this 'migrant crisis' back in 2016
Richard Littlejohn
Daily Mail, 1 January 2019

Not that there's anything minor about the current cross-Channel traffic in illegal immigrants coming ashore on the Kent coast in increasing numbers. Since the story exploded on a slow news day over Christmas, the Government has gone into full headless chicken mode. ...

None of this would be necessary, of course, had the Government not ignored the problem of illegals crossing the Channel when it first surfaced more than two-and-a-half years ago.

It's not as if they didn't know it was happening. Between March and May 2016, there were at least eight recorded incidents of Border Force officials intercepting attempts to enter Britain by boat, via beaches in Kent and Sussex. ...

... And still they kept coming, unhindered, throughout the summer. In September 2016, the Mail's Sue Reid hired a small inflatable boat in France and sailed across the Channel to Dover. She passed a French coastguard vessel, a naval patrol and landed safely without anyone challenging her or asking to see her passport.

Six days earlier, a group of illegal immigrants had jumped off a private boat near Felixstowe, in Suffolk, and simply vanished.

In November 2016, I returned to the subject, when a man who claimed to be Iranian, but probably wasn't, was found rowing towards Britain in an inflatable kayak. ...

... Part of Javid's new emergency plan to halt the flow is to rely on increased co-operation from the French. Good luck with that.

One thing we've learned over the years is that our French 'partners' can't be trusted.

If they were serious about stopping immigrants heading for Britain, they would turn them back at the border when they attempted to enter France.

Under international law, migrants allegedly fleeing oppression are supposed to seek asylum in the first safe country in which they arrive. In this latest case, that means Serbia. None of them should have any right to settle in Britain.

But the reason this country remains their No 1 destination is the same as it ever was. We're not just perceived as a soft touch, we are a soft touch.

In Calais last week, Sue Reid spoke to a 33-year-old Iranian, who told her: 'My friend reached England from here in a boat and is now in a three-bedroom flat in Birmingham. He likes it very much.'

I bet he does. What's not to like? There are plenty of people born and bred in Birmingham who have been on the council waiting list for years and would just love a three-bedroom flat. Yet an Iranian can jump out of boat on a beach in Kent, make his way to Brum and move in straight away.

While we roll out the welcome mat, immigrants will continue to make the dangerous Channel crossing, secure in the knowledge that, once they set foot in Britain, the chances of them being deported are less than zero. ...

Sajid Javid may be taking the flak right now, but he wasn't Home Secretary in March 2016, when this problem first came to light.

What he has inherited is merely the culmination of more than two-and-a-half years of incompetence, indifference and inaction.

So who was Home Secretary back then? Let me think . . .
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Illegal immigration – border security
The crisis will grow if we assist the smugglers
David Wood
Daily Telegraph, 1 January 2019
[David Wood is a former director general of immigration enforecement at the Home Office]

The rise in the number of migrants attempting to reach the UK via the English Channel in small boats and dinghies is a worrying trend. ...

The French authorities have never effectively policed the organised crime and illegal immigration issues surrounding the Channel crossings. Migrants seeking access to the UK are inavariably also illegal entrants to France but little or no action is taken. They do not investigate the criminals involved, which leads to open advertising for migrant customers by crime groups in the Calais area.

That is not to say there haven't been failings on the UK side. ...

Border Force also used to have mobile border officers who visited small ports and airports; austerity has seen these resources greatly reduced, too.

Once intercepted, the migrants are brought to the UK where practically all will claim asylum. If the resources are available, a short screening interview takes place and the migrants are asked to report to an Immigration Centre. That interview will not necessarily be adequate to detect the risks posed by the migrant and there is no certainty that the details provided are correct.

While some migrants will follow the asylum process through, others will just disappear. Moreover, whether successful or not in their application, they are very unlikely to be deported, and, if Iranian, will certainly not be as the Iranian government refuses to document their nationals for returns. All will have destroyed their documentation.

Furthermore, the majority of migrants attempting to cross the Channel will not be fleeing persecution or war. They will have paid substantial sums to make the crossing and are more likely to be economic migrants seeking a better life for themselves and their families. ...

Deploying more rescue ships may therefore be counter-productive unless accompanied by an agreement with the French to return the migrants to France.
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IMMIGRATION

Immigration – public opinion, Israel
Most Israelis don't want non-Jewish migrants, even if they are highly skilled
Melanie Lidman
Times of Israel, 23 January 2019

The majority of Israelis don't support non-Jewish immigration to the country, even when the immigrants are highly trained or have advanced degrees, according to a new Pew Research Center report released on Tuesday.

The Pew poll found that 51 percent of Israelis oppose high-skilled immigration of foreigners moving to the country with a bachelor's degree or higher. The Pew poll focused on immigration of those not entitled to Israeli citizenship under the law of return, which applies to anybody with at least one Jewish grandparent.

Out of the 12 economically advanced countries surveyed, only Israel and Italy had the majority of the population oppose high-skilled immigration.

In contrast, most of the other countries surveyed supported high-skilled immigration. In the US, 78% of the public supports high-skilled immigration. In the United Kingdom, 85% of the population support high-skilled immigration.

More than three out of four adults in Sweden, Canada, Germany, and Australia also support high-skilled immigration, the Pew poll found.

Even among people who would like to see overall immigration reduced, half or more of the respondents in all the countries support high-skilled immigration, except for the Netherlands, Israel, and Italy.
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Immigration – public opinion
Most Brits think immigration is good for the UK
Abigail Fenton
Yahoo News, 20 January 2019

New figures suggest the majority of Brits think new immigrants are good for the UK and co-operation between nations is extremely important – but most of Europe doesn't agree.

In a global opinion poll of over 10,000 people published by the World Economic Forum (WEF) ahead of Davos 2019, a large majority of people from all over the world rejected the notion that national improvement is a zero-sum game, and said that immigrants benefit their adopted country.

Notably, against a global average of 57%, 60% of UK respondents said they believe new immigrants are mostly good for their nation – even though anti-immigrant was a "major" factor in the Brexit vote, according to a the 2017 British Social Attitudes (BSA) survey by social research institute NatCen.

On the whole, only 46% of those living in Western Europe and 40% of those living in Eastern Europe responded in this way – making Europe the only continent where people view immigrants as "mostly bad." ...

When asked how important it is that countries work together towards a common goal, a global majority of three-quarters (76%) said they believed it was either extremely important or very important.

However, regional viewpoints differ. People from South Asia and sub-Saharan African felt most strongly that co-operation between nations was important, with 88% sharing that view. At the other end of the scale, 70% of North Americans and 61% of Western Europeans agreed.

These findings mark a stark contrast to the negative coverage of immigration that has often topped the news agenda across Europe, North America and elsewhere, the WEF noted. ...

The research was commissioned for the WEF's annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, on 22 to 25 January.
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Immigration – case for open borders, USA
There's Nothing Wrong With Open Borders
Farhad Manjoo
New York Times, 16 January 2019

I'm talking about opening up America's borders to everyone who wants to move here.

Imagine not just opposing President Trump's wall but also opposing the nation's cruel and expensive immigration and border-security apparatus in its entirety. Imagine radically shifting our stance toward outsiders from one of suspicion to one of warm embrace. Imagine that if you passed a minimal background check, you'd be free to live, work, pay taxes and die in the United States. Imagine moving from Nigeria to Nebraska as freely as one might move from Massachusetts to Maine.

There's a witheringly obvious moral, economic, strategic and cultural case for open borders, and we have a political opportunity to push it. As Democrats jockey for the presidency, there's room for a brave politician to oppose President Trump's racist immigration rhetoric not just by fighting his wall and calling for the abolishment of I.C.E. but also by making a proactive and affirmative case for the vast expansion of immigration. ...

... My family came to the United States from our native South Africa in the late 1980s. After jumping through lots of expensive and confusing legal hoops, we became citizens in 2000. ...

But why had I deserved that chance, while so many others back home – because their parents lacked certain skills, money or luck – were denied it?

When you see the immigration system up close, you're confronted with its bottomless unfairness. The system assumes that people born outside our borders are less deserving of basic rights than those inside. My native-born American friends did not seem to me to warrant any more dignity than my South African ones; according to this nation's founding documents, we were all created equal. Yet by mere accident of geography, some were given freedom, and others were denied it.

"When you start to think about it, a system of closed borders begins to feel very much like a system of feudal privilege," said Reece Jones, a professor of geography at the University of Hawaii who argues that Democrats should take up the mantle of open borders. "It's the same idea that there's some sort of hereditary rights to privilege based on where you were born."

I admit the politics here are perilous. ...

People worry that immigrants will bring crime, even though stats show immigrants are no more dangerous than natives. People worry they'll take jobs away from native workers, even though most studies suggests that immigration is a profound benefit to the economy, and there's little evidence it hurts native workers. And if we worry that they'll hoover up welfare benefits, we can impose residency requirements for them.

But these are all defensive arguments, and when you're on defense, you're losing. For opponents of the president's xenophobic policies, a better plan is to make the affirmative case for a lot more immigrants.

Economically and strategically, open borders isn't just a good plan – it's the only chance we've got. America is an aging nation with a stagnant population. We have ample land to house lots more people, but we are increasingly short of workers.
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Immigration – economic and social costs
We MUST control immigration and its costs both economic and social
Iain Duncan Smith and Neil MacKinnon
Sunday Express, 13 January 2019

For many, a key plank of the support for Brexit at the referendum was the impact of uncontrolled immigration into the UK.

Voters worried about the resulting negative impact on their access to public services provision in terms of housing, GP appointments, educational provision, social care and effects on jobs availability. It has long been an article of faith for supporters of free movement that all migration increases economic well being. However, studies apparently supporting this view have conflated the economic effects of skilled, better-educated and more highly-paid migrants with that of unskilled migrants.

The UK spends about £4 billion a year providing housing and other social benefits to EU migrants.

Economists for Free Trade (EFT) research has shown that it is uncontrolled, unskilled migration that imposes costs on the UK's public purse, as well as on local communities.

This research estimates that the cost in supporting EU unskilled migrants is about £3500 per year per adult migrant.

In effect, the taxpayer provides a wage subsidy of about 20 per cent to the average unskilled EU migrant.

There is no dispute about the positive impact of skilled labour in contributing to the UK economy.

Furthermore, these effects increase in areas of dense migrant population.

Local communities hosting large EU and non-EU immigrant populations face higher costs without compensation, as well as declining housing, health and educational standards.

For example, EFT research found that in a region like Leicester, which has the densest immigrant population in the UK, the burden of unskilled immigrants per head in the local community costs £287 annually, or about £6 per working week.

This equates to around 1 per cent of average UK household disposable income per head.

In addition, there is evidence of differential impacts across different UK-born groups with more negative effects for those with lower levels of education.

Similar effects are found on the earnings of UK lower-skilled workers.

A 1 percentage point increase in the EU-born working age population ratio can reduce UK-born wages for the lower-skilled by up to 0.8 per cent.

Thus, uncontrolled immigration is a key economic issue, never mind a political one.

An equally important aspect of the economic issue is that UK industry now has one of the poorest records for investment in training, technological innovation and automation.

Such has been the effect of uncontrolled migration in the UK that Centre for Social Justice research shows that only 15 per cent of those who start work in entry level jobs will progress past that level in their working lives.

Similar effects exist even amongst skilled jobs. ...

The UK has the highest percentage of foreign-trained doctors of any European country – about three-times that of France, Germany, or Spain.
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Immigration – multiculturalism
"What we are experiencing in Europe is very much colonisation" [part 1]
Juan España
Techne Aletheia, 6 January 2019

Renaud Camus, writer and president of the National Council of Resistance, is known for popularizing the notion of the 'Great Replacement', a call to fight the civilization and cultural change that, according to this author, is already in process in Western societies. We talked with Camus to know in greater detail his positions on this phenomenon.

You are known for making popular the notion of the 'Great Replacement', what does this notion mean concretely? It is a negative idea and how did you arrive at it? Also, what encourages you to maintain this struggle and not fall into pessimism?

It is a very negative idea indeed. Great Replacement, the change of people, which implies the change of civilisation, is the crime against humanity par excellence (if one dares say...) of the XXIst century. In the words of the communist Carribean poet Aimé Césaire, mayor of Fort-de-France, in Martinique, it is a genocide by substitution. Césaire was of course speaking of something else, the replacement of Carribbeans in Martinique by people from France, French civil servants mostly. But his strong phrase applies even more to the replacement of Europeans by Africans in Europe.

Pessimism would be logical, of course. Ethnic substitution is already very advanced, and we are fighting against very strong adversaries, not only the colonisers but people who want and organise the colonisation, and control the media, the schools and the tribunals, that is: people's minds. However the very horror of what is happening is a very strong enticement not to give up. No people can accept that: its own obliteration.

What are the factors or causes that make this 'Great Replacement' possible? Is it a phenomenon that occurs only in France, western countries or the whole globe?

The replacement of population occurs mostly in Western countries, Europe and North America, even though there are immigrants' moves all over the world. ...

To-day Replacism is one of the two giant totalitarianisms competing for the mastery of the world – the other one being of course Islamism. Those two are rivals but there is between them, for the time being, a kind of monstruous temporary alliance, a sort of long German-Soviet pact, like the short-lived non-agression pact between Hitler and Stalin in 1939. Replacism and Islamism both think they can use the other to their own interests, and indeed they do, even though on both sides there are adversaries to the pact. ... ...

The tragedy in Western Europe is not the influx of citizens from the former Soviet Bloc. It is the permanent pouring out on one continent of the population of another, namely Africa, be it Muslim North Africa or Black Africa.
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Immigration – multiculturalism
"What we are experiencing in Europe is very much colonisation" [part 2]
Juan España
Techne Aletheia, 6 January 2019

I understand that a solution you propose to solve this dilemma is the reemigration or change of migratory flows, exactly how would this work and wouldn't this procedure be a burden for the native taxpayers? ...

There is no other solution to the invasion, colonisation and foreign occupation of Europe that the reversal of invasion, decolonisation, the departure of the occupying forces. No colonisation has ever ended without the departure of the coloniser. And what we are experiencing in Europe, whatever denials notwithstanding, is very much colonisation. Europe is infinitely more colonised by Africa that it ever colonised it itself. And the colonisation of Europe by Africa is much more serious and profound that the former colonisation of Africa by Europe because it is demographic: it implies massive transfers of population, which the former colonisation did not. There is no other issue that Remigration. And even if it cost a fortune to the native taxpayers it would have to be done because it is a matter of life and death for the very existence of the nation as a nation, of the civilisation as civilisation, already half destroyed. But it would not cost a fortune. /.../

Occident [the West] is the first civilisation in the history of humanity which is paying a fortune to engineer and realise its own conquest, its own subjection and destruction. Moreover, saving the taxpayer money would be the biggest inducement to remigration. If the replacers were not given a lot of money to make children in Europe, were not paid just to be there, not offered a lot of legal, judiciary and financiary privileges which are denied to the replacees, the indigenes of Europe, they would not come in the first place and they would not stay. Cutting the money supply would be enough to start remigration.

When referring to the 'Great Replacement', would not we be talking about a demographic change? /.../ Or should we fight this trend even if it could be unavoidable?

Of course there have been demographic changes throughout history. But great civilisations have flourished when Man or a people have decided to oppose and interrupt, at least for a time, the cycle of violence, conquest, ethnic substitution, replacement. The population of France has been remarkably stable between 600 A.D. and 1900, or even 1970. ...

How you differ from Marine Le Pen or more radical groups with anti-immigration or even racist positions?

Marine Le Pen and other right wing leaders or political parties say they are opposed to the continuation of immigration, or that they want to control it better. That does not make any sense at all. There is no point in saying that an invasion must stop when it has already taken place. /.../ When Algeria became independent from France in 1962, it immediately decided it would not be real independence if ten per cent of the population was alien to its culture, language, religion. The French colonisers had to leave, often after five or six generations. I certainly do not advocate the horrible brutality of the process (it was realised in a few weeks, not without never mentioned massacres), but I agree with the necessity. We have to get out once and for all of the colonialist period of the history of humanity.
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Immigration – Iranians
Iran's boat people – and why they're coming to Britain
Sohrab Ahmari
The Spectator, 3 January 2019

When the migrant crisis started, about three years ago, it was seen as a mainly Syrian affair. /.../ But as we now know, that analysis was wrong. Or rather, it was only one facet of the historical migration phenomenon that was unfolding then and still is today.

As a reporter, I hit the migrant trail, following the new arrivals by foot, bus, train and ferry through the Greek islands and the Balkans. I heard many languages besides Arabic, among them Pashto, Urdu, Bengali and even French (spoken by a Congolese family I encountered at the Serbian-Hungarian border). But the language that really made my ears perk up was my own: Persian, including the Dari variant of Afghanistan as well as the urban dialect spoken by my own kin, the Tehrani middle class.

Britain is now confronting the hitherto invisible reality of Iranian migration. /.../ At first glance, this might seem odd. Iran is not afflicted by a war, famine or other humanitarian disaster. ...

For three years now, Iranians have topped the league tables of nationalities seeking asylum in the UK with more than 4,000 applications lodged in 2016 and nearly 2,600 the following year, according to Home Office statistics. Only a tiny minority attempt to cross illegally into England aboard unseaworthy vessels, but this is happening far more frequently. Why?

Iran has been miserable ever since the Ayatollah Khomeini returned from his Parisian exile to usher in his total Shiite state. It's a suffocating place, with Islamic conformity enforced on pain of flogging, jail and death, and a lousy, mismanaged economy made worse by US sanctions. For all its ancient civilisational glories, Iran is also a cruel, spiritually deracinated land. I increasingly struggle to decide where the blame lies: with the present regime or some deeper ailment in the national soul.

It's why my own family has largely left. /.../ But all this has been going on for four decades. It doesn't explain the latest wave, its size and timing. The answer lies elsewhere.

To wit: modern human-smuggling networks have perfected the business of transporting people from point A to point B, across national frontiers, for the right price. Information technologies, not least cheap smartphones with astonishing GPS capabilities, make it possible to blaze ever-new trails. /.../ Entire Persian-language Facebook groups are devoted to helping Iranian (and Afghan) 'travellers' – the term migrants use to refer to themselves – cross into Europe. ...

Unlike the Afghans, Iranians can't claim to be fleeing war and the Taliban. So they either pretend to be Afghan (not difficult) or they cite persecution on account of being Christian converts. (Liverpool Cathedral has reported converting Iranians at the rate of one a week.) There are many sincere Iranian converts who risk their lives to follow the Nazarene; but there are also some like the young man I met on Lesbos who asked me if it would be better for his asylum case if he were a Christian, a homosexual 'or maybe both'. I told him to pick one or the other.

A few years ago, these trafficking options were not open, even to those who had the money. But the past few years have seen people-trafficking become a vast global industry, reaching from Tehran to Calais and now Kent.

So why do the Iranians come? The answer is simple: because they can.
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IMMIGRATION ABROAD

Immigration abroad – European Union
EU risks IMPLODING over migrant crisis warns Macron as Italy refuses to soften stance
Romina McGuinness
Daily Express, 31 January 2019

The European Union risks "imploding" because of its failure to solve the migration crisis, exacerbated in recent months by Italy's refusal to offer humanitarian ships safe port, French President Emmanuel Macron on Tuesday.

"Europe could implode because it is lagging behind in finding solutions to the problems," and because it has not yet found a fair "burden-sharing" arrangement, Mr Macron said at the close of a southern European summit in Cyprus. He said "humane solutions" to handle sea rescues were needed "more than ever". ...

France abides by three principles, the 41-year-old centrist said: respect for humanitarian rights in maritime matters, disembarkation at the nearest safest port and re-distributing the migrants.

These standards should become a permanent mechanism, he continued, insisting France had pledged to take its fair share of migrants rescued at sea.
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Immigration abroad – terrorism, jihadists, France
France 'to repatriate 130 suspected Isil members from Syria' over security concerns
Josie Ensor and David Chazan
Daily Telegraph, 30 January 2019

France is reportedly planning to repatriate more than 100 French Isil suspects from Syria amid fears they could lose track of them after US troops withdraw from the war-torn country.

Some 130 Islamic State suspects being held in custody by Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in prisons across northern Syria are to be brought back within the next few weeks, according to French channel BFMTV.

"All those who will return to France will be entrusted to the judges. The judge will decide that it will be necessary to put them in prison," Christophe Castaner, France's Interior Minister, told BFMTV.

"The Americans are disengaging from Syria... There are now people in prison who are being held because the Americans are there and who are going to be released... They'll want to return to France."

Among those in SDF custody are a number of senior French Isil leaders including Adrien Guihal, a Muslim who was part of the infamous Artigat network that masterminded several attacks in France, including one in Nice which killed 87 people.

Asked if the government was already planning such an operation, an official told the Telegraph: "None of the practical details are fixed so far, nor the nature of any operation to bring them back, nor the exact number of those who would be concerned, nor a possible date."

The plan provoked outrage on the Right. Eric Ciotti, a conservative MP from the main opposition party, The Republicans, said: "The place of jihadists who betrayed our nation and fought our civilisation is no longer in France. Let them be judged in Iraq or Syria for their crimes and barbarity."

Marine Le Pen, the far-Right leader, also took exception to a remark by Mr Castaner that those in Syria and Iraq "are jihadists, but they were French first."

"Non @CCastaner They are jihadists, they should no longer be French," she tweeted on Tuesday. ...

Thousands of other foreign Isil members in SDF detention remain in limbo, including six British male Isil suspects, seven women and 12 of their children.
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Immigration abroad – fraud, Australia
Brother and sister MARRY each other in India to con their way into Australia - and immigration authorities are powerless to stop them
Max Margan
Daily Mail Australia, 30 January 2019

A brother and sister married each other in India so they could con their way into Australia - as authorities investigate a string of similar immigration scams.

The siblings convinced a court to register their union in Punjab, a state bordering Pakistan, with the woman using documents belonging to her cousin, who held an Australian visa.

The pair, using the falsified documents and fake passports, then travelled as husband and wife to Australia, where they were granted a spousal visa, The Australian reported. ...

A spokesman for the Department of Home Affairs said: 'All identity documentation provided with visa applications is thoroughly checked... and, where necessary, verified with relevant authorities in the issuing country.'

The Department said it had no control over genuine overseas passports which had been obtained using fraudulent documents. ...

In the past four years, about 1,500 foreign nationals have had partner visas rejected after they were caught out cheating the system.

Most individuals were found to be providing misleading information, using fake passports or forged marriage and birth certificates.
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Immigration abroad – European Union
EU Parliament Boss: Efforts to Prevent Mass Migration From Africa a 'Betrayal of Europe'
Virginia Hale
Breitbart, 30 January 2019

Italian efforts to block migrant boats from Africa is a "betrayal" of Europe and of its citizens, EU Parliament boss Antonio Tajani has alleged, insisting Brussels must put in place a permanent mechanism which would spread third world migrants throughout the bloc.

Ahead of a visit to the Aosta Valley, a region of Italy home to a number of ski resorts, the 'centre-right' politician branded it "unacceptable" that EU nations had chosen to "turn away from what is happening in the Mediterranean".

"In so doing, they betray the European project and citizens' expectations. Immediately approve the accord on mandatory distribution voted by the European Parliament," stated Tajani, according to reports from the news wire service, ANSA, on Tuesday. ...

Meanwhile, media outlets on Tuesday said the socialist government of Spain is planning to try and punish Rome for its having largely put a stop to the flow of boats across the Mediterranean, with prime minister Pedro Sanchez set to tell Brussels to cut funding to any nation opposed to Europe welcoming and sharing across the bloc every third world migrant who manages to reach the continent's shores.
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Immigration abroad – Spain
With no EU policy forthcoming, Spain gets tougher on immigration
Lucía Abellán
El País, 29 January 2019

In June of last year, a newly formed government in Spain sought to give the world a lesson by welcoming the Aquarius, a humanitarian rescue ship with 629 migrants aboard that had been refused entry by Italy and Malta.

But a lack of common European immigration policy and record migrant arrivals are causing Spanish authorities to review their own rules.

Humanitarian rescue ships are now being denied departure permits, while the government keeps pressuring Brussels to listen to demands by Morocco, which is the main departure point for undocumented migrants going to Spain.

The goal is to avoid pressure from mass arrivals at a time when immigration has become a relevant issue on an election year. Spain will hold local, regional and European elections in May. ...

Data from Frontex, the European border and coast guard agency, shows nearly 57,000 migrants arrived on southern Spanish shores in 2018, twice the figure in Italy and nearly the same to have arrived in Greece. The Spanish Interior Ministry places that figure at upwards of 64,000.

And with Italy keeping up its closed-port policy, Spain has decided that some kind of action is required.

"This is not a retreat. We are under enormous migratory pressure, and the rules are not being applied in the Central Mediterranean. We need a lasting solution for everyone," said a source at Spain's Interior Ministry. ...

In the meantime, Spain has dropped the open-arms policy that enabled several rescue ships to dock in Spanish ports in recent months. ...

There are other little telltale signs that the Socialist government does not want right-wing parties to use immigration as a weapon against the executive. Salvamento Marítimo, Spain's sea rescue services, has stopped providing information on its Twitter account about the migrant boats it assists on a daily basis.

And very little information is emerging about the efforts to send migrants back to Morocco, the departure point for most arrivals: over 3,000 people in the first two weeks of January, almost three times as much as the same period in 2018, according to official Spanish figures.
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Immigration abroad – disease, USA
Border Patrol struggles with flood of sick migrants
Anna Giaritelli
Wsshington Examiner, 27 January 2019

Border Patrol agents have spent nearly 20,000 hours since October driving asylum seekers to and from hospitals for medical evaluations, according to newly released Department of Homeland Security data.

Since Oct. 1, 2018, the Border Patrol, which works in rural areas between border crossings, has "seen an increase in the numbers of apprehended individuals requiring medical assistance."

A total of 2,224 migrants, primarily from Guatemala and Honduras, have been hospitalized due to health issues that could not be treated on site in the last month alone, according to a CBP statement.

The department said the spike in illnesses among migrants is forcing federal law enforcement to spend less time focused on serious threats because they are facilitating hospital and urgent care trips. It's also affecting communities that are trying to help with medical emergencies but are severely short-staffed.
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Immigration abroad – Japan
No. of foreign workers in Japan triples in decade to record 1.46 million
Japan Today, 26 January 2019

The number of foreign workers in Japan tripled over a decade to a record-high 1.46 million as of October, official data showed, as companies continue to struggle with a labor shortage.

As of Oct 31, there were 1,460,463 foreign workers in Japan, up 14.2 percent from a year earlier, marking the 11th straight year of increase, according to the data released Friday by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.

The figure, the highest since comparable data became available in 2008 when it stood around 486,000, is almost certain to rise in the years ahead as Japan has decided to ease visa restrictions and accept more foreign workers starting from April. ...

By nationality, Chinese accounted for more than a quarter of the total foreign workforce at 389,117, up 4.5 percent from the previous year, followed by Vietnamese at 316,840, up 31.9 percent, and Filipinos at 164,006, up 11.7 percent. ...

Under the new visa system starting in April, Japan will accept up to 345,150 foreign workers over five years in 14 sectors including construction, farming and nursing care.
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Immigration abroad – Islam, Norway
Muhammad is the top name in Oslo again - for the 11th year
TRT World / Turkish Radio and Television, 26 January 2019

Norway's fertility rates have reached all-time lows, risking the country's economic stability. Muslim immigrants are keeping the labour force alive, as the country undergoes demographic changes.

Muhammad was the most popular name among male children in Oslo in 2018, for the 11th year in a row, according to statistics released on Wednesday by the Norwegian Statistics Department.

The name, with its many variations, surpassed Oscar, Aksel and Jacob as it maintained its lead.

Mohammad has been the most popular name in Oslo since 2008, reflecting a strong and growing Muslim community in the large city.

In 2017, 8.7 percent of Oslo's population identified as Muslims, with their largest communities originating from ethnic Pakistanis, Somalis, Iraqis and Morrocans. ...

Oslo is home to the largest immigrant population in the country. Out of Oslo's 624,000 residents, almost 190,000 are immigrants or born to immigrant parents, making up nearly 31 percent of the city's population. ...

The statistics department also found evidence of demographic change underway, with fewer traditional Norwegian surnames ending with "sen", as with as Jensen, Hansen or Andersen. Today, "sen" surnames make up only 14.7 percent of the population, compared to 22.4 percent in 1995.
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Immigration abroad – asylum, USA
U.S. to start returning asylum seekers to Mexico on Friday
Frank Jack Daniel and Mica Rosenberg
Reuters, 25 January 2019

The U.S. government will return the first group of migrants seeking asylum in the United States to the Mexican border city of Tijuana on Friday, U.S. and Mexican officials said, marking the start of a major policy shift by the Trump administration.

The policy dubbed the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) and first announced on Dec. 20 will return non-Mexican migrants who cross the U.S. southern border back to wait in Mexico while their asylum requests are processed in U.S. immigration courts. ...

The program will apply to arriving migrants who ask for asylum at ports of entry or who are caught crossing illegally and say they are afraid to return home.

Children travelling on their own and some migrants from "vulnerable populations" could be excluded on a case-by-case basis, the Department of Homeland Security said in a fact sheet. ...

Last year, about 93,000 people sought asylum at the southern border, up 67 percent from 2017, according to U.S. government data.

Asylum seekers are typically granted the right to stay in the United States while their cases are decided by a U.S. immigration judge, but a backlog of more than 800,000 cases means the process can take years.

Now, the U.S. government says migrants will be turned away with a "notice to appear" in immigration court. They will be able to enter the United States for their hearings but will have to live in Mexico in the interim. If they lose their cases, they will be deported to their home countries.
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Immigration abroad – EU, Hungary
EU steps up legal procedure against Hungary for criminalising support for migrants
Reuters, 24 January 2019

The European Commission said on Thursday it was taking its legal procedure against Hungary to the next step after Budapest criminalised support for migrants, moving the case closer to a possible ruling by the European Court of Justice. ...

The EU says Hungary's tough stance has breached EU law, a charge that Budapest denies, defending what it calls its sovereign right to determine its own immigration policy. Hungary also says its tough position ultimately defends Europe. ...

Brussels says the Hungarian authorities have failed to provide effective access to asylum procedures for migrants and holds asylum seekers in "transit centres" for longer than the maximum four weeks mandated under EU law. ...

Orban, in power since 2010, has led eastern European resistance to EU plans to share out some of the large numbers of mostly Muslim migrants, who he says threaten Europe's Christian civilisation.
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Immigration abroad – law, USA
Skipping Court
Mark Metcalf
Center for Immigration Studies, 24 January 2019

American immigration courts consistently have the highest failure to appear (FTA) rates of any state or federal courts in the country. From 1996 through 2017, 37 percent of all aliens free pending trial disappeared. From the 2,680,598 foreign nationals that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) released on their own recognizance, 1,320,000, received deportation orders, 75 percent of them (993,593) for failure to appear. Only 25 percent of this group – some 324,402 people altogether – actually tried their cases. This dynamic, first reported at a House Judiciary Committee hearing on June 17, 2010, eventually prompted heated denial by the Obama Justice Department but it is not solely a problem of Democrat administrations. Administrations of both parties have failed to effectively address it.

Immigration trial courts issued three times more deportation orders for failure to appear in court than deportation orders for cases that were actually tried (993,593 ÷ 324,402) over the last 22 fiscal years. ...

Indeed, those who dodged court in 2017 did so with identically the same frequency under Donald Trump as they did in 2015 when Barack Obama sat in the Oval Office.11 Over the past three years, an average of 42 percent of all aliens free before trial failed to appear, with 113,753 people out of 272,440 skipping their court dates. /.../ This chronic failure loudly echoes the broader themes of disorder that have plagued these federal tribunals since their inception in 1983.

Never in 22 years of reporting has EOIR (i.e., Executive Office for Immigration Review, the Justice Department agency that manages the courts) squared with Congress and given an accurate description of failures to appear. Since 1996, it has dramatically understated FTA rates in its annual reports. In 2017, EOIR stated the FTA rate for all cases was 28 percent, never mentioning this number includes aliens whose trials occurred in detention facilities. ...

EOIR's misleading failure to appear rates leave Congress and the public ignorant of both dysfunction in the courtroom and risks that too often end badly. One fact stands out above all the rest: Aliens flee court in greater numbers now than they did before September 11, 2001. From 1996 through 2000, 34 percent of all aliens free before trial – 251,309 out of 730,453 – disappeared. After 9/11, these numbers climbed. From 2002 through 2017, 39 percent – 699,641 people out of 1,808,449 – failed to keep their court dates. On either side of 9/11, EOIR never provided candid numbers to alert policy-makers to this problem.
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Immigration abroad – Mexico
Thousands of caravan migrants trek and hitch-hike across Mexico after hundreds were allowed in with no border checks and are now headed for the US
Chris Pleasance
MailOnline, 22 January 2019

Hundreds of Central American migrants crossed into Mexico at the weekend, joining a group of 1,000 who entered last week and are now heading towards the US.

Some of the migrants, who are largely from Honduras, said they were waved through Mexican immigration without any checks or being issued a wristband indicating that they still need to register with authorities.

Meanwhile a much larger group are coming up behind them as part of the latest caravan trying to reach America in search of a better life for themselves and their families. ...

Mexican president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has pledged a 'humanitarian' approach by allowing migrants access to Mexico, but providing jobs and opportunities for them in his country to stop them reaching America.
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Immigration abroad – Czech Republic
Remigration: Czech Republic to Pay Non-EU Migrants to Go Home
Virginia Hale
Breitbart, 21 January 2019

The Czech Republic is launching a programme to pay non-EU migrants to go home, noting that funding the scheme would cost taxpayers "far less" than if migrant groups remained in the country.

With an information campaign set to be put out on social media and with leaflets and posters from April, the Czech Interior Ministry said it hopes the first migrants participating in its new programme, titled 'Návraty' (Returns), will be processed in the third quarter of 2019.

With a particular focus on migrants from Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Russia, and Vietnam, the programme will offer foreign nationals up to 4,000 euros' financial assistance towards transportation costs, setting up accommodation in their homelands, and purchasing livestock.

"The project should focus on all categories of foreigners, whether they are in the Czech Republic in an illegal situation or an asylum seeker," Interior Ministry spokesman Hana Malá told Tiscali.cz. ...

Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis has said Europe must "send a clear signal that illegal migration has ended" by turning migrant boats back and deporting bogus asylum seekers, arguing that the European Commission's preferred solution – creating a permanent mechanism to share newcomers across EU states – was the "road to hell", and would only exacerbate the problem.

Czechia was one of only five countries to vote against the so-called Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration at the UN General Assembly in New York City last month, where 152 countries signed up to the agreement and a dozen abstained.

The document, which claims migration is "inevitable, necessary, and desirable", poses a threat to the nation's sovereignty and security by defining the movement of people as a "human right", stated Babis, who has previously branded mass immigration from the Global South a "threat to European civilisation".
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Immigration abroad – illegal immigration, USA
Largest single group of migrants EVER burrows UNDER border wall: 376 Central Americans - including 200 minors - squeeze through seven tiny holes and immediately request asylum
Keith Griffith
Daily Mail, 19 January 2019

A group of migrants said to be the largest ever has illegally tunneled under the southern U.S. border fence and surrendered to Border Patrol to request asylum.

The group of 376 Central Americans 'inundated agents' after crossing the border through a series of hasty tunnels near Yuma, Arizona on Monday, Customs and Border Protection said.

The agency said 200 of the group were minors, and that nearly all the rest said they were their parents, meaning that they will likely be released into the U.S. as their asylum claims are processed.

It is believed to be the largest single group to cross the border illegally to request asylum. The Border Patrol has said that smugglers transport large groups to the border and then instruct them to cross and turn themselves in.

Officials said that most of the group entered the U.S. through seven small openings burrowed under the border barrier.

The crossings took place at a remote stretch of border where old fencing is about 12 feet high and the ground is sandy. Stretched thin, CBP has only three agents patrolling the 26-mile section of border.

President Donald Trump's administration had tried to forbid migrants from requesting asylum after crossing the border illegally, but that move was struck down by a federal judge in November.

'The only thing that solves that problem is a change in the law,' CBP Yuma Border Sector Chief Anthony Porvaznik told ABC News.

'The only reason they're trying to say that they're family units is that they know if they're a family unit, they're going to be released within 20 days,' Porvaznik said. ...

One man in the group told the network that he left Guatemala eight days ago and made most of the trip by bus along with his 12-year-old daughter, paying a coyote $5,000 to get them to the border. ...

On Wednesday, a separate group of 247 people illegally crossed into the U.S. near the Antelope Wells Port of Entry in New Mexico.

The group, which included many juveniles, surrendered to authorities for processing and most requested immediate medical care. ...

Last month, CBP said it took 20,000 juveniles into custody after illegal crossings, including both unaccompanied minors and those traveling with parents.

The vast majority surrender immediately upon crossing to claim asylum. ...

One recent study, by the New York-based Center for Immigration Studies, estimated that in 2017 more people entered the U.S. illegally by overstaying temporary visas than by crossing the border illegally.
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Immigration abroad – France
MACRON CRISIS: Desperate leader considers migrant quota as Yellow Vest protest rage on
Romina McGuinness
Daily Express, 16 January 2019

French President Emmanuel Macron has been branded "irresponsible" for suggesting the introduction of "annual quotas" on migration as a topic for part of the three-month national debate aimed at mollifying yellow vest protesters.

In a sweeping letter to the French pubic, Mr Macron said he had heard the public's anger and shared its impatience for a "more prosperous country and a fairer society". He then mentioned the possibility of introducing annual immigration quotas, saying it would not apply to asylum status. He said: "As regards immigration, once our asylum obligations have been met, would you like us to be able to set annual quotas defined by Parliament?"

Mr Macron then referred to the "tensions and doubts linked to immigration and the failings of our integration system". ...

But the possible imposition of quotas floated by Mr Macron has sparked outrage – and confusion – as curbing immigration is not one of the core demands of the yellow vests, which include a higher minimum wage, a more participative democracy and Mr Macron's resignation. ...

Mr Macron's letter explains how he is addressing the anti-establishment movement's concerns through a national debate in local meetings around the country and on the internet.

The French now have eight weeks to respond by contributing thoughts on a mix of subjects in an initiative Mr Macron hopes will generate policy ideas and help build a new "contract" with the nation. Four weeks after that, in April, the government will share its conclusions.

The debate will focus on taxes, public services, climate change and democracy.
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Immigration abroad – Norway
Norwegian elite support immigration
Nancy Bazilchuk
ScienceNordic, 16 January 2019
[Based on an article by Bård Amundsen]

The future of the Norwegian welfare state largely depends on support from the country's elite, says Trygve Gulbrandsen, a social scientist at the University of Oslo's Institute for Social Research (ISF). ...

His latest research has been collected in a new book, "Elites in an Egalitarian Society: Support for the Nordic Model".

Gulbrandsen has conducted two recent studies of the Norwegian elite.

These studies were based on two comprehensive surveys carried out in 2000 and 2015, where 1710 and 1352 people respectively with top positions in Norway were asked about their ideas and opinions. The surveys included business executives, heads of ministries, generals, bishops, editors and heads of universities and cultural institutions.

Gulbrandsen has found that Norway's elite differ from the rest of the population in one very significant way (aside from the fact that they have more money): the elite are far more supportive of making it easier for foreigners to immigrate to Norway.

"It's interesting to see that there are also differences in Norway between the average person and the elite when it comes to issues related to the nation's borders," Gulbrandsen said in an interview posted on the ISF website. ...

At the same time, Gulbrandsen's data suggest that the elite are much more likely than the rest of the population to vote for political parties that are more extreme. ...

A large proportion of voters among the elite supported right- or left- leaning parties in the 2013 election, while few voted for more centrist parties, he said.
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Immigration abroad – Canada
Don't ever question mass immigration or you'll be instantly racist
Barbara Kay
National Post, 16 January 2019

The National Post has run a series of editorials noting that our legal immigration channels work well, but the issue of border migration is eroding public confidence in immigration. ...

This past weekend, The Globe and Mail's senior political columnist, John Ibbitson, published a buoyant endorsement of the government's current immigration policy (continuing high rates) headlined, "Immigration's benefits are a matter of fact." ...

I asked Herbert Grubel, professor of economics (emeritus) at Simon Fraser University, and senior fellow of The Fraser Institute specializing in immigration, for his opinion about Ibbitson's conclusion. ...

Grubel notes that the average income taxes paid by immigrants since 1986 have been about one-half of those paid by non-immigrant Canadians. Yet immigrants absorb the same value of government services (not more, as some people would have you believe), so the difference between what immigrants pay in and take out amounts to not less than $5,000 a year per person, he calculates. Do the collective math and Grubel estimates that it comes to an annual $30 billion payout.

Neither Grubel nor I nor any reasonable Canadian believes immigration is a bad thing in itself. We're all for it. ...

But what happens if the number of immigrants should exceed the capacity of the country's ability to absorb them? It isn't orderly immigration that sets many Canadians' teeth on edge; it is mass immigration promoted as a good in and of itself without regard to our actual present and future needs or interests. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants now arrive here each year. In Vancouver alone they require 300 housing units every week. This can only drive up housing costs and add to the crowding in our hospitals. It can also reshape the cultural ecology of old neighbourhoods, which residents seem generally fine with when it happens more naturally over time, but find very jarring when it happens with unsettling rapidity.

I recognize that even raising any "cultural" factor like that is a red flag to those progressives who insist that culture is a construct of privilege and trying to protect the culture we have is an act of bigotry. But discussing it shouldn't be off-limits. People all over the world desire to live in Canada because of its stability, prosperity, gender equality, excellent quality of life and respect for the law. All of these national qualities are downstream from culture. It is perfectly legitimate to worry that high rates of immigration to Canada could undermine the very tenets of equality, freedom and justice, those products of our own culture, that attract so many in the first place. Of course, even the words "our own culture" are in themselves divisive: to many progressives they are a shibboleth for oppression; to me and my more conservative friends they are, relative to all other cultures, words that evoke pride, yet we feel anxiety saying them.

Often, we also feel like stooges of politicians who claim to be focused on immigrants' value to Canada, but who are really focused on immigrants as voters. And we feel frustrated because rational discussion of immigration does not seem possible when any and all objections are met with mantras like "diversity is our strength" at the top. And because we are not allowed to talk about these things without incurring charges of racism.
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Immigration abroad – Denmark
Denmark: "In One Generation, Our Country Has Changed"
Judith Bergman
Gatestone Institute, 16 January 2019

Turkey has been extremely active in ramping up its activities in Denmark, apparently as part of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's plan of strengthening Islam in the West. Denmark already has around 30 Turkish mosques out of approximately 170 mosques in total as of end of 2017. In 2006, there were 115 mosques in all of Denmark – an increase of nearly 50% in little more than a decade.

A recent government study, "Analysis of children of descendants with a non-Western background", shows that there continue to be huge problems with assimilating immigrants into Danish society. ...

Today, there are roughly 500,000 immigrants and descendants of immigrants in Denmark. The cost to the Danish state is 33 billion Danish kroner per year ($5 billion or 4.4 billion euros), according to the Danish Ministry of Finance. It is estimated that in 2060 there will be nearly 900,000 immigrants and descendants of immigrants in Denmark, according to Denmark's official statistical bureau, Danmark's Statistik. Denmark currently has a total population of 5.8 million people. If the lack of integration persists in the next generation of descendants of immigrants, Denmark is looking at a significant societal problem to which no one appears to have a solution.

Least of all, Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen. In his New Year's speech, he said that things are "going well" in Denmark. /.../ "When I was in high school, he also said, "there were around 50,000 people with a non-Western background in Denmark. Today, there are almost half a million. In one generation, our country has changed". The country did not just "change". Danish politicians, with their policies, changed it.
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Immigration abroad – crime, Finland
'It is unacceptable that people granted asylum here have brought evil': Finnish President expresses his 'disgust' at migrant grooming gangs as country's child sex scandal escalates
Sara Malm
MailOnline, 15 January 2019

The President of Finland has expressed his 'shock and disgust' after police identified more suspects in connection with a foreign grooming gang targeting children in a town in the north of the country.

Police suspect 16 foreign-born men of rape or other sexual abuses of girls aged between ten and 15 in Oulu, northern Finland, adding another four men to the investigation today.

In addition, police in the capital Helsinki said on Sunday they had arrested three foreign-born men on similar charges.

In a statement released on Monday, President Sauli Niinistö said the crimes in Oulu 'shocked us with their inhumanity'.

He added: 'The right to integrity is one of the values on which our society is based, and one which must be respected by everyone here.

'It is unacceptable that some asylum seekers, and even those who have been granted asylum, have brought evil here and created insecurity.' ...

A citizens petition to withdraw asylum from people convicted of sex crimes received 62,000 signatures over the weekend, breaking the 50,000 barrier needed to force parliament to consider the issue. ...

Statistics Finland says around 1,200 cases of sexual abuse of minors are reported to the police each year, and that foreigners were involved in 18 percent of the cases that came to trial last year.

Of Finland's population of just over 5.5 million, some 321,500 people are born in a foreign country, nearly six per cent.
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Immigration abroad – doctors, employment, European Union
EU may need rules to stop doctors emigrating: German minister
Reuters, 13 January 2019

The European Union should consider regulating to stop member states from poaching each other's doctors and other professionals, German Health Minister Jens Spahn said. ...

"I can understand them. Switzerland is a beautiful country. But what is clear is that there is a shortage of these professionals in Germany. And then Polish doctors work in our country, and in turn there is a shortage of them in Poland," he told Swiss tabloid Blick am Sonntag.

"That cannot be right. We should therefore think about whether we need to create new regulations on the luring away of people with certain professions within the EU, and without fundamentally calling into question the freedom of movement within Europe," he was quoted as saying.

Spahn added that there were currently such agreements within the World Health Organization that could serve as a model, but he did not spell out what those were or how they might be applied within the EU.
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Immigration abroad – child brides, USA
Requests to bring in child brides OK'd; legal under US laws
Colleen Long
AP News / Associated Press, 12 January 2019

Thousands of requests by men to bring in child and adolescent brides to live in the United States were approved over the past decade, according to government data obtained by The Associated Press. In one case, a 49-year-old man applied for admission for a 15-year-old girl.

The approvals are legal: The Immigration and Nationality Act does not set minimum age requirements for the person making the request or for that person's spouse or fiancee. By contrast, to bring in a parent from overseas, a petitioner has to be at least 21 years old.

And in weighing petitions, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services goes by whether the marriage is legal in the spouse or fiancee's home country and then whether the marriage would be legal in the state where the petitioner lives.

The data raises questions about whether the immigration system may be enabling forced marriage and about how U.S. laws may be compounding the problem despite efforts to limit child and forced marriage. Marriage between adults and minors is not uncommon in the U.S., and most states allow children to marry with some restrictions.

There were more than 5,000 cases of adults petitioning on behalf of minors and nearly 3,000 examples of minors seeking to bring in older spouses or fiances, according to the data requested by the Senate Homeland Security Committee in 2017 and compiled into a report. ...

Some victims of forced marriage say the lure of a U.S. passport combined with lax U.S. marriage laws are partly fueling the petitions. ...

There are no nationwide statistics on child marriage, but data from a few states suggests it is far from rare. State laws generally set 18 as the minimum age for marriage, yet every state allows exceptions. Most states let 16- and 17-year-olds marry if they have parental consent, and several states – including New York, Virginia and Maryland – allow children under 16 to marry with court permission.

Reiss researched data from her home state, New Jersey. She determined that nearly 4,000 minors, mostly girls, were married in the state from 1995 to 2012, including 178 who were under 15.

"This is a problem both domestically and in terms of immigration," she said. ...

The country where most requests came from was Mexico, followed by Pakistan, Jordan, the Dominican Republic and Yemen.
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Immigration abroad – religion, India
Is India Becoming a Hindu Pakistan?
Mihir Sharma
Bloomberg, 11 January 2019

India is, and has been since independence in 1947, a liberal secular democracy. ...

Till now. For the first time, India's leaders have sought to redefine the country effectively as a home for South Asians that aren't Muslims – and they're enshrining the distinction into law. That's the underlying message of a bill that was passed this week by the lower house of India's Parliament, in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party has a majority.

The new law amends the religion-blind Citizenship Act written in the early years of Indian independence "to facilitate acquisition of citizenship by six identified minority communities namely Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians and Parsis from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh." Calling them "persecuted migrants," the government minister who introduced the amendment said "they have nowhere to go but India."

Sadly, that may well be true. Many of India's neighbors have a far worse record dealing with their religious minorities than India has with its own. And India must certainly welcome them.

Yet, in spite of its claims, India's government is not in fact acting purely on humanitarian impulses. After all, at the moment the most persecuted minority on India's borders are the Rohingyas who have fled Myanmar; being Muslim, they're very obviously not welcome. Neither are the Shias and Ahmadis who are the focus of everyday violence in Pakistan – or, for that matter, the atheist bloggers of Bangladesh that have been threatened by machete-wielding extremists. As one commentator put it, the amendment could be summed up in one phrase: "No Muslims please, this is India."
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Immigration abroad – Italy
Ex-Jihadist Reveals Network Smuggling Islamic Radicals to Europe as Migrants
Chris Tomlinson
Breitbart, 10 January 2019

After receiving information from a former jihadist, Italian police have arrested 15 suspects alleged to be part of an organisation that helped smuggle radical Islamic terrorists into the country as illegal migrants and asylum seekers.

The arrests were made in the cities of Palermo, Trapani, Caltanissetta, and Brescia this week with the 15 suspects facing various criminal charges from forming a criminal association for the purposes of illegal immigration and smuggling to terrorism-related charges, newspaper Il Giornale reports.

The former jihadi blew the lid on the Islamist fighter-smuggling operation, saying to the police: "I'm telling you what I know because I want to prevent you from finding an army of kamikaze in Italy." ...

Prosecutors added that the organisation, which largely smuggled jihadists from Tunisia, "constitutes a current and concrete threat to national security because it is able to provide several illegal immigrants with a hidden, safe, and fast maritime passage." ...

The arrests come after Tunisian authorities seized a boat of illegal immigrants heading for Italy last August that was revealed to have been more than half-full with radical Islamists, with nine of the 15 people on board linked to terror.

The seizure followed an Interpol warning in February of last year that claimed up to 50 Tunisian Islamic radicals had made the voyage to Italy as illegal migrants.
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Immigration abroad – crime, Australia
African gangs in Melbourne are a problem, police admit, as Victorian Government defends strategy
Brad Ryan and Guy Stayner
ABC News, 9 January 2019

Victorian police have conceded Melbourne has a problem with African street gangs, after earlier insisting there were no gangs in the city, as the State Government rejects criticism it has dropped the ball on the problem.

Police Minister Lisa Neville on Tuesday defended the Government's handling of youth crime after the Federal Government on Monday said "African gang crime" was out of control in Melbourne because of lenient state policies. ...

Just days after Victoria Police Deputy Commissioner Andrew Crisp said he did "not accept for a minute that we do have gangs", Acting Chief Commissioner Shane Patton said there were African street gangs in Melbourne.

"We have for a significant period of time said that there is an issue with overrepresentation by African youth in serious and violent offending as well as public disorder issues," Acting Commissioner Patton said.
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Immigration abroad – political violence, Germany
German Populist Party Chairman Hospitalised in 'Assassination' Attempt
Breitbart, 8 January 2019

German member of parliament for the populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) Frank Magnitz was brutally attacked Monday evening in what some are labelling an assassination attempt. ...

... He was taken to a local hospital soon after the attack with the AfD claiming that the police were investigating the matter as an act of politically-motivated violence. ...

The brutal attack comes less than a week after an office belonging to the AfD in the city of Döbeln was bombed in what is also believed by the State Criminal Police Office (LKA) to have been a politically motivated attack.

The AfD say they keep track of attacks against their officers, members, and their homes, and gave statistics to Breitbart London which showed that attacks have risen from only four in 2014 to well over 600 in 2017.

Alt-left extremist Antifa violence has also become more violent and more pronounced in Germany over the last several years, with members of the extremist organisation releasing terror manuals encouraging attacks on the AfD.
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Immigration abroad – illegal immigration, cost, USA
Can a Wall Pay for Itself?: An Update
Steven A. Camarota
Center for Immigration Studies, 8 January 2019

When asking whether a border wall can pay for itself, the key questions are the cost of each illegal immigrant, and the number of illegal crossers, vs. the cost of a wall. Making reasonable estimates of these factors allows us to calculate what share of future illegal border-crossers the wall would have to stop or deter from trying to enter in order for the wall to be cost-effective. This updated analysis indicates that to pay for the president's $5 billion wall request, a wall would have to prevent about 60,000 crossings – or 3 to 4 percent of expected illegal crossers in the next decade. If we make much more conservative assumptions about both the cost of illegal immigrants and future flows, it still shows that a wall would have to stop or deter only a modest percentage of illegal crossings to pay for itself. ...

To estimate the fiscal cost of illegal immigrants in our prior analysis we applied the average net fiscal impact (taxes paid minus costs) of immigrants by education from a NAS study to the education level of illegal border-crossers. Based on that analysis, we estimate that each crosser creates a net cost of $74,722 (taxes paid minus costs) during his or her lifetime, excluding costs for their U.S.-born children. The figures from the NAS study are in 2012 dollars; converting them to 2018 dollars would raise them to $82,191. This estimate means that for every 100,000 illegal immigrants prevented from crossing illegally, it would save taxpayers $8.2 billion over the illegal immigrants' lifetimes.

As we discussed at length in our prior analysis, the primary factor driving these costs is the low education level of such a large share of illegal crossers. There is agreement among researchers that illegal immigrants overwhelmingly have modest levels of education – most have not completed high school or have only a high-school education. There is also agreement that immigrants who come to the United States with modest levels of education create significantly more in costs for government than they pay in taxes.
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Immigration abroad – France
Yves Cochet: to save the planet, we must "limit our births" and "better welcome migrants".
Ouest-France, 8 January 2019
[[translation]]

In an interview with L'Obs, former Environment Minister Yves Cochet proposes measures to encourage people to have fewer children in order to limit the ecological cost of the population and to be able to welcome more migrants. ...

"Let's reverse our policy of encouraging the birth rate!" In an interview with L'Obs magazine on January 3, Yves Cochet unveils radical solutions to save the planet in the face of climate change. ...

In concrete terms, the former Minister of the Environment under Lionel Jospin, proposes "to reverse the logic of family allowances" ... He added:"Not having any more children is the first ecological gesture." ...

However, he denies that he is "racist or elitist" and states: "I am not targeting the poorest countries, which have more children than others. On the contrary. Rich countries are the first to have to decrease demographically." He added that limiting births would allow us to "better welcome the migrants who are knocking on our doors".
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Immigration abroad – criminals, Australia
Violent and sexual offenders stripped of Australian visas
Liberal, 7 January 2019

More than 800 non-citizen criminals were stripped of their visas for serious crimes in 2018.

One hundred had their visas cancelled for committing child sex offences or for involvement in child exploitation and pornography, 53 were stripped of their visas for domestic violence as were 34 rapists or other sexual offenders

About 500 criminals who committed violent offences are among those stripped of their visas, including 13 for murder, seven for manslaughter, 125 for assault and 56 for armed robbery.

Minister for Home Affairs Peter Dutton said the Government is committed to protecting our communities and keeping Australians safe.

"There's no place in our country for people who come here and harm Australians," Mr Dutton said.

"We welcome people from all round the world, but those few who think they can live in Australia and be involved in criminal actions need to know they won't be staying long."

Under the previous Labor Government, in the five years between 2009 and 2013, just 582 visas were cancelled under the character provisions in s 501 of Migration Act 1958.

Since 2014, the Coalition has cancelled a total of 4150 visas – more than seven times that of Labor.
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Immigration abroad – European Union
Clueless EU: Expert warns migration crisis 'an untreated festering wound' for Brussels
Aurora Bosotti
Daily Express, 5 January 2019

The European Union has been warned the migration crisis has remained a "festering wound" which could threaten the continuity of the bloc if left untreated.

European policy expert Rem Korteweg identified migration from non-EU countries as a key risk factor for the unity of the European Union. Brussels has been facing increasing pressure to completely reform the current migration policy within the bloc, with countries such as Italy threatening to cut payments to the bloc unless cooperation in processing arrivals is implemented. Mr Kortaweg insisted the reforms proposed so far have been "hardly a sustainable solution," and warned the bloc about more conflict emerging between Brussels and national governments in EU countries.

Speaking to Express.co.uk, the European policy expert said: "The four horsemen, as far as I saw it, were the eurozone crisis, the migration crisis, Brexit and Russia.

"If you go by those four, we haven't talked about the migration crisis which I think is still very much a festering wound inside the European Union." ...

He continued: "How to set up a fair and durable system of dealing with migrants from non-EU countries? It's not migrants, but refugees rather. That really came to the fore in 2015.

"The numbers have come down since then but the issue is very much politically sensitive. No steps really have been taken.

"The only step that has been put on the table is to increase the EU's border control capacity – which is hardly a sustainable solution."
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Immigration abroad – USA
22,000 migrant children illegally crossed the Southern U.S. border in December
Valerie Bauman
Daily Mail, 4 January 2019

Some 22,000 minors illegally crossed the Southern U.S. border in December, a number that government officials say bolsters the argument for building the president's promised border wall.

Of those 22,000 minors, roughly 5,000 were unaccompanied by a parent or guardian.

'Vulnerable populations are embarking on the dangerous journey north in record numbers putting themselves and minors in harm's way,' said Katie Waldman, a spokeswoman for the Department of Homeland Security.

In addition, more than 15,000 unaccompanied minors crossed the border in the first three months of federal fiscal year 2019 – which began October 1, 2018.
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Immigration abroad – Europe, Spain
Spain replaces Italy as Europe's main destination for migrant crossings
Reuters, 4 January 2019

Spain has replaced Italy as the destination of choice for migrants crossing the Mediterranean to Europe, according to European Union estimates published on Friday.

The border and coast guard agency Frontex said around 150,000 people entered the EU through irregular crossings in 2018, the lowest number in five years and far below the peak of more than a million recorded in 2015.

Arrivals in Spain doubled to 57,000, making the route from Morocco to the Iberian Peninsula the most active in Europe and putting immigration in the spotlight in Spain ahead of a spate of elections this year.

The number who reached Italy, which has taken measures to prevent rescued migrants landing, fell 80 percent to around 23,000, the fewest since 2012.

Arrivals in Greece and Cyprus through the so-called Eastern Mediterranean route rose to 56,000, most coming from Afghanistan, Syria or Iraq.
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Immigration abroad – Germany
Germany entices illegal migrants to leave with bribes – free rent for a year back home
Lizan Nijkrake
National Post, 4 January 2019

Germany has been flooded this holiday season with billboards offering illegal migrants a bribe to leave – free rent for a year at home.

"Your country. Your future. Now!" displayed in seven languages, jumps off nearly 2,500 screens in 80 cities.

A series of flags corresponding with the top-destinations – Egypt, Turkey, Afghanistan, Eritrea and Russia – shapes a zigzagging road to a fictional horizon.

The "ReturningfromGermany" ad campaign is the latest tactic by the German government to boost departures and deter migration, in a reversal of Angela Merkel's controversial welcoming policy of 2015 at the height of the Syrian refugee crisis. The campaign is the brainchild of interior minister Horst Seehofer, Merkel's rebellious right-wing rival, who forced a coalition crisis over Germany's asylum policy last summer.

While arrivals have normalized since three years ago – when Germany got 700,000 asylum requests – rejected asylum claims have piled up. The billboard campaign is mainly targeting the 235,000 persons who are still required to leave the country, the interior ministry says.

So why haven't they left? The large majority of asylum seekers simply cannot be sent back – their claims have been rejected, but they cannot be returned because their country of origin is too dangerous, they lack documentation papers or suffer from illness. It's a deadlock acknowledged by the German government itself: These 170,000 people are given special status – duldung (or tolerated) – to stay on temporarily. The others – those who are eligible for deportation according to the German yardstick – frequently don't show up for their deportation. More than 20,000 airport repatriations were scrubbed this year; half of all scheduled. Every second person went missing in the run-up to departure.

So Seehofer took to the streets with his billboard campaign – aiming to push for voluntary departures. What's he offering? A gift capped at 1,000 euros for a single person, 3,000 for families – to provide for basic facilities. Offering financial incentives to leave isn't new. ...

Depending on their nationality, asylum seekers can receive 1,200 euros if they return before the asylum procedure is completed; which drops to 800 after a rejected claim. But the 800 still beckons if they decide to depart voluntarily within 30 days.

The backlash against the billboards and the campaign has swollen quickly. Many have been painted over with one-liners such as "All migrants welcome".
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Immigration abroad – Canada
Ottawa to spend $113 million on pre-arrival services for new immigrants
Yahoo News / CBC, 3 January 2019

The Trudeau government has announced $113 million in new money to improve pre-arrival services for future immigrants to Canada.

Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen made the announcement this morning at the S.U.C.C.E.S.S. Immigrant Settlement and Integration Program office in Vancouver. ...

The Vancouver-based program is one of four operations that provide information, orientation and referrals to prospective economic and family-class immigrants nationwide. The $113 million sum will fund 16 service providers, most of them operating locally. Canada has provided pre-arrival help to new immigrants for 20 years. ...

The money will come from the immigration settlement portion of the government's 2018 budget, a spokesperson for Hussen's office confirmed. The federal Liberals set aside $875 million over six years to fund their multi-year immigration plan.
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Immigration abroad – Israel
Israel: African migrants told to leave or face imprisonment
BBC, 2 January 2019

The Israeli government has issued a notice for thousands of African migrants to leave the country or face imprisonment.

The migrants will be given up to $3,500 (£2,600) for leaving within the next 90 days.

They will be given the option of going to their home country or third countries.

If they do not leave, the Israeli authorities have threatened that they will start jailing them from April.

The UN refugee agency said the controversial plan violated international and Israeli laws.

The Israeli government says their return will be humane and "voluntary".

The order exempts children, women, parents of dependent minors and victims of slavery and human trafficking.

A spokesperson for Israel's Population and Immigration Authority told the BBC there were currently 38,000 "infiltrators" in Israel, of whom just 1,420 were being held in detention facilities.

Israel uses the term "infiltrators" to describe people who did not enter the country through an official border crossing.

Many of the migrants - who are mostly from Eritrea and Sudan - say they came to Israel to seek asylum after fleeing persecution and conflict, but the authorities regard them as economic migrants.
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Immigration abroad – South Korea
Protests in South Korea against Muslim refugees: We don't want to become like Europe
Voice of Europe, 2 January 2019

Around 520,000 South Koreans signed a petition against their government's refugee friendly migration policy. Most of them are worried about Muslim refugees from Yemen and economic exploitation by migrants, DW news reports.

"It has become really bad in recent weeks and it is all because Jeju introduced a program that enabled people from 186 countries to come here without a tourist visa," says Hank Kim, owner of the Core Travel Agency.

Kim continues: "Local people here are worried, we have all read about the problems that immigrants have caused in Europe – in Germany and France in particular – and we do not want that to happen here." ...

The unrest was caused by 1,000 Yemeni refugees using the visa programme to enter South Korea's Jeju resort island.
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Immigration abroad – world, public opinion
Anxiety About Immigration is a Global Issue
Remi Adekoya
Quillette, 1 January 2019
[Remi Adekoya is a Ph.D. student researching group identity at Sheffield University]

What do Nigerians, Indians, Turks and Mexicans think about migrants coming to their countries? This we don't hear much about.

Two recent surveys on the issue provide interesting results. Pew Research queried respondents in 27 nations across six continents, asking whether they felt their countries should let in more immigrants, fewer, or about the same as they do at present. ...

The percentage of people wanting fewer or no more immigrants coming to their country was higher in South Africa (65 percent), Argentina (61 percent), Kenya (60 percent), Nigeria (50 percent), India (45 percent), and Mexico (44 percent) than it was in Australia (38 percent), the U.K. (37 percent) or the U.S. (29 percent). In all 27 countries surveyed, less than a third of respondents said their country should let in more immigrants. A 2017 Ipsos MORI survey on global "nativist" trends painted a similar picture. When asked if they thought their country would be "stronger" if it "stopped immigration" altogether, more Turks (61 percent) and Indians (45 percent) answered in the affirmative than Brits (31 percent), Australians (30 percent), Germans (37 percent) or South Africans (37 percent). On the question of whether they felt like "strangers in their own country" – another indicator of hostility towards immigration – more Turks (57 percent), South Africans (54 percent), Brazilians (46 percent) and Indians (39 percent) answered yes than Germans (38 percent), Brits (36 percent) or Australians (36 percent). Finally, when asked whether employers should "prioritize" hiring locals over immigrants, 74 percent of Turks, 64 percent of Peruvians, 62 percent of Indians and 60 percent of South Africans agreed, compared to 58 percent of Americans, 48 percent of Brits and 17 percent of Swedes.

The idea that so-called "nativism" or hostility towards immigration is confined to white Westerners is a fallacy; it is a global phenomenon that is often stronger in non-Western countries. Of course, I wouldn't hold my breath for a spate of articles in international media on the worrying trend of "nativism" in India or condemnations of Kenyans for wanting fewer immigrants in their country. The moral outrage of many white progressives and most intellectuals of color in the West on this subject is solely reserved for white societies; if black or brown people share exactly the same sentiments that white people are being lambasted for, it will either be greeted with silence or with all sorts of justificatory rationalizations. ...

... In a 2017 survey of six African nations–Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Senegal and Tanzania–43–75 percent of the citizens said they would move elsewhere given the opportunity. This translates to well over 200 million people from these six countries alone who would emigrate if the opportunity arose, presumably to one of the world's rich countries. This is the reality that Western governments cannot afford to ignore. The fact that so many Kenyans, Nigerians and South Africans would like to emigrate elsewhere but don't want immigrants coming into their country is a testament to our universal human capacity for expecting from others what we ourselves are not ready to give.
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MULTICULTURALISM

Multiculturalism – Australia, Western civilisation
Western Civ: it's not just for white people anymore
Salvatore Babones
Spectator Australia, 19 January 2019

When the Ramsay Centre for Western Civilisation generously offered to fund 'Western Civ' courses at Australian universities, critics at the ANU and University of Sydney inevitably expressed their gratitude with accusations of racism. They say that Western Civ. has no place in a multicultural society. Teaching Western Civ. is somehow construed as an insult both to indigenous and immigrant Australians, which, when you think about it, really includes just about everyone.

Racism doesn't seem to be such a problem for the University of Wollongong, which has agreed to host the first Ramsay Centre degree, to be called the Bachelor of Arts (Western Civilisation). In fact, it will create a new school within its faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts just for the occasion. That's right: to find Western civilisation in Australia, head to Wollongong.

But the idea that Australians of Chinese, Indian, or Aboriginal backgrounds are somehow congenitally non-Western is itself racist. The idea that Chinese, Indian, and indigenous students of any nationality would not want to enrol in a Western civilisation course is worse than racist – it's patronising.

There's nothing racist about teaching an Australian medical student of Chinese descent Western medicine instead of traditional Chinese medicine, Australian law instead of Chinese law. A course in Western civilisation is no different. It's not racist to offer Western Civ. It's racist not to offer it – if multiculturalism is offered as the excuse. ...

Australian universities certainly should celebrate Australia's – and the world's – many cultures. Everyone should study a foreign language, admire the world's artistic heritage, travel a bit, and sample as many as possible of the world's distinctive cuisines. Australia is blessed to be a country of many cultures, and they are all worth experiencing. But our universities should teach our own civilisation, first, foremost, and perhaps even exclusively. After all, it's the only civilisation we have.
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Multiculturalism – Islam, USA, Europe
Rep André Carson Predicts Sizable 'Muslim Caucus' By 2030. Is He Correct, And Will It Matter?
Scott Morefield
Townhall, 14 January 2019

Democratic Rep. André Carson made news last week by predicting that there could be as many as 30 to 35 Muslims in Congress and possibly even a Muslim president or vice president by the year 2030.

Speaking to attendees at a "Community Congressional Reception" hosted by the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) on Thursday, the Indiana congressman welcomed newly elected Representatives Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib - both of whom were in attendance and spoke later - and celebrated the likelihood that their election victories were just the tip of the iceberg that's to come.

"It's more than just about having three Muslims in Congress," said Carson. "I think symbolically it has great value, but I won't rest until 2020 we have five more members of Congress; 2022 and 24, we have 10 more Muslims in Congress. In 2030 we may have about 30, 35 Muslims in Congress." ...

... PEW Research predicts the Muslim population in the United States could reach 8.1 million by 2050. If so, it would comprise 2.1 percent of the total population, almost twice the current 1.1 percent share. Sounds reasonable. However, the same article acknowledges that the Muslim population "has been growing rapidly" from its originally small base due to "higher fertility rates among Muslim Americans as well as the continued migration of Muslims to the U.S." ...

Thanks to its physical proximity to Muslim countries so many are desperate to leave, Western Europe is in an entirely different situation. According to PEW Research, the share of Muslims on the continent grew from 19.5 million to 25.8 million (from 3.8 percent to almost 5 percent) from 2010 to 2016 alone. "By 2050, the share of the continent's population that is Muslim could more than double, rising to 11.2% or more, depending on how much migration is allowed into Europe," writes PEW, adding that even if migration were "permanently halted" (something we all know probably won't happen anytime soon), the "relative youth and high fertility rates" of Muslims currently living in Europe would still cause the population to rise to 7.4 percent.

Some countries project even higher in 2050, should migration continue at current rates - Germany at 19.7 percent, UK at 17.2 percent, France at 18 percent and Sweden at 30.6 percent.

What isn't projected, and what isn't generally spoken of in polite circles, is where things go from there. ...

Yes, most individual Muslims are doubtless good people who, like most immigrants, simply want the best for themselves and their families. But you can do your own research and come to your own conclusions on the virtues and drawbacks of Muslim majority countries. (I will ask this though - If they are so great, why are so many people itching to leave them?)

You can also decide for yourself whether or not you want to live in one.

For now.

Our grandchildren and great-grandchildren, on the other hand, may not be so fortunate.
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Multiculturalism – segregated schools, USA
'I Love My Skin!' Why Black Parents Are Turning to Afrocentric Schools
Eliza Shapiro
New York Times, 8 January 2019

"I love myself!" the group of mostly black children shouted in unison. "I love my hair, I love my skin!" When it was time to settle down, their teacher raised her fist in a black power salute. The students did the same, and the room hushed. ...

It was a typical morning at Ember Charter School in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, an Afrocentric school that sits in a squat building on a quiet block in a neighborhood long known as a center of black political power.

Though New York City has tried to desegregate its schools in fits and starts since the 1954 Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, the school system is now one of the most segregated in the nation. But rather than pushing for integration, some black parents in Bedford-Stuyvesant are choosing an alternative: schools explicitly designed for black children. ...

"Some of us are pro-integration, some of us are anti- and others are ambivalent," said Lurie Daniel Favors, a member of Parenting While Black, a newly formed group of Brooklyn parents. "Even if integrated education worked perfectly – and our society spent the past 60-plus years trying – it's still not giving black children the kind of education necessary to create the solutions our communities need."

Children of any race may apply to an Afrocentric school, though they are overwhelmingly black. Some have sizable numbers of Hispanic students – Ember, which goes from kindergarten to eighth grade and is about a third Hispanic, incorporates Spanish into the students' morning affirmation – but the schools typically have few or no white applicants. ...

With the city's approval, any principal can adopt a black-centric curriculum – with black teachers, and a focus on black culture in literature, history and art classes – as long as the school complies with state educational standards. ...

And though a recent study found that some Afrocentric charter schools are low-performing, they remain popular among parents and many educators. Milwaukee and Chicago both have prominent black-centric charter schools. /.../ New Afrocentric public schools and programs have recently sprouted in Washington, D.C., and Oakland, Calif.
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Multiculturalism – diversity
Where Tories fear to tread
Alistair Miller
Conservative Woman, 3 January 2019

What Conservative politicians have long ceased to stand for are recognisably conservative principles in any shape or form. ...

... But the globalists' failure to define the nation in any substantive sense other than by appeal to vacuous 'British values', or to acknowledge the existence of a national culture, renders sovereignty a hollow shell. 'Global Britain', that multicultural microcosm of the wider world, an economic black hole into which migrant labour and foreign capital flow freely, an international business park in which people count only as factors of production to be shunted around, is devoid of meaning or sense to true conservatives.

Here are the sorts of question to which conservatives ought to have answers: /.../ Do the English people have a distinctive national culture? Does 'English civilisation' exist? If it does exist, is it worth preserving and transmitting to future generations? Should it be transmitted to newcomers, who would thereby be assimilated? Is there anything to distinguish mass immigration, or immigration without assimilation, from colonisation? Is Britain still 'a Christian country'? Are 'multiculture', 'diversity', 'inclusivity' and 'tolerance' necessarily goods to be encouraged and celebrated – or is 'multiculturalism' simply a recipe for segregation? Is the 'white flight' of the English from the cities and suburbs to the counties, which Ed West described in The Diversity Illusion as 'perhaps the biggest shift westwards since the Anglo-Saxon invasion', a cause for concern?

These are awkward questions to raise in a multicultural society where 'diversity' has been elevated to the status of a moral imperative. For modern-day conservatives belonging to the political and media class, it seems they can be passed over in silence. So long as newcomers whose culture and way of life is alien to our own sign up to concocted 'British values' ('diversity', 'inclusivity' and 'tolerance'), we can rest assured that they will play their full part in a vibrant diverse multicultural society. ...

But the problem remains: in a multicultural society, it is the indigenous English who are deprived of their identity. One need only consider the outrage that would greet plans to establish a school for English children transmitting English culture, beliefs and traditions. For the dominant majority, whose culture has been condemned as colonialist, oppressive and constitutionally racist, the only remedy is immersion in multiculture, through which their crimes, their white guilt, can be purged. Throw in the perverse paraphernalia of identity politics (the natural accompaniment to multiculture) – 'hate crime', the censorship of free speech, 'no platforming', 'safe spaces', 'micro-aggression', diversity quotas, 'cultural appropriation', 'Islamophobia', 'transphobia' and so forth – and the destruction of the old culture is complete.

... But for the predominantly white English of the cities and northern towns, who increasingly feel they are strangers in their own land, who would rather share their culture, their ways, their memories with old or new neighbours, the celebration of 'diversity' is not an option. To them, what is going on seems more like cultural suicide.

Their anger is growing. But who will speak for them?
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Multiculturalism – secular religion
The great awokening
Toby Young
The Spectator, 3 January 2019

Is the social justice movement that's sweeping British and American universities a secular religion? /.../ No doubt the same could be said of most political ideologies, but there's one aspect of left-wing identity politics in which it reveals itself as more cult-like than other belief systems. I'm thinking of its magical component.

This was brought to my attention by the psychiatrist and blogger Scott Alexander. In a post entitled 'Devoodooifying Psychology', he compared the concept of 'stereotype threat' to a voodoo hex. Stereotype threat holds that if a person is expected to perform badly in a test because she's a member of a particular group, she will perform badly. It is invoked by the social justice left to explain the under-performance of women in Stem subjects, as well as other group discrepancies. Alexander means two things by this. First, that the effect of stereotyping someone, according to the theory, is similar to that of a voodoo curse, negatively affecting their performance. Second, that the effect isn't real. Stereotype threat is one of the casualties of the 'replication crisis' afflicting psychology, with researchers unable to replicate this finding.

Another example Alexander gives is 'unconscious bias'. This is the idea that people, particularly straight white men, are influenced by biases they aren't aware of that lead them to discriminate against women and minorities. Informing people of their biases, usually by making them take an implicit association test, is one of the key elements of diversity training, which has become an $8 billion-a-year industry in the US even though study after study has shown it doesn't work. A belief in unconscious bias isn't confined to members of the intersectionality cult, but they have latched on to it, partly because it enables them to claim racism and sexism are responsible for a host of outcome discrepancies in spite of the evidence that bigotry and prejudice have declined significantly in the past 30 years while many outcome discrepancies have remained stable. Again, there is something deeply irrational about this: a belief in an unseen force that is responsible for many of society's ills.

In Psychology Today, the sociologist Jason Manning expanded on this theme, pointing out that blaming stereotype threat and implicit bias for the underperformance of certain groups has something in common with the belief in the 'evil eye'. /.../ As with stereotype threat and unconscious bias, the 'evil eye' is believed to be capable of having this effect even if the jealous person doesn't intend it to. ...

The same belief in magic reveals itself in the claim that certain words or ideas associated with 'white privilege' are a form of 'epistemic violence', capable of wreaking untold psychological damage on women and minorities. /.../ In this context, the 'safe spaces' that have been created in universities, in which students are protected from the harmful effects of these spells, are a bit like churches – holy places where evil cannot penetrate.

What's distinctive about members of the social justice left is not that they don't believe in magic – they clearly do – but that the supernatural forces that govern their universe are all malevolent. Theirs is a religion bereft of a divine being. There are only white Devils.
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POLITICS

Politics – population
Wishful thinking over immigration
Alp Mehmet
Conservative Woman, 24 January 2019

In his article in Conservative Home on Monday, Tory MP Steve Double wrote that Theresa May had incorrectly read the public mood with regard to immigration, and that perceptions of immigration had become more favourable since the Brexit vote. To support his assertion, he cited the National Conversation on Immigration (NCI). ...

Polling by Ipsos MORI last spring /.../ did indeed find that a fifth of the public had become more positive about immigration, but that was because nearly half believed (EU) numbers were falling, or would fall, as a result of Brexit. ...

In fairness to Mr Double, a more recent poll has shown immigration to be of relatively less concern to the public than it has been for some years, which he has attibuted to people recognising the benefits of immigration, as well as having faith in the government keeping its promises to reduce net migration. Really? A 2018 YouGov poll found that nearly two-thirds of voters think immigration levels have been too high over the past decade. Another one by Deltapoll, conducted over the summer, found that nearly three-quarters of the public (equivalent to 38 million) want the Government to honour its promises to reduce net migration to the tens of thousands.

Mr Double also appears to have missed the findings of the open survey produced as part of the 'National Conversation on Immigration' exercise, organised by British Future and 'Hope Not Hate', which showed that a larger share of the public believe that immigration has had a negative impact on the UK than those who believe the opposite ...

The 'National Conversation' asked a lot of questions, which elicited answers that suggested participants had a nuanced view of migrants and their contributions, but this is hardly a revelation. ...

The problem we at Migration Watch UK had with the 'National Conversation' wasn't so much the questions that were asked but those that were not. While it did ask people if they thought it should be a priority to reduce overall numbers as well as whether the target should be kept or replaced with multiple targets, there was no reference in the polling section to the current and recent scale of immigration or any question about whether participants considered this to be too high or whether it should be reduced.

It is clear that a great deal of time and effort by the 'National Conversation' organisers went into talking to a large body of people. However, what they appear not have done was to listen to those they conversed with. In one section, the paper suggests that one of the Government's tasks is to 'secure public consent' for immigration (p7). ...

Brexit, of course, has no bearing on immigration from outside the EU, and this is now at its highest since 2004. Non-EU net migration constitutes three-quarters of all non-British net inflows. ...

The government and many MPs (Steve Double is far from a lone voice) seem intent on glossing over the public's deeply felt concerns about the serious challenges posed by unabated immigration. ...

Meanwhile, the resulting rapid rate of population growth, 80 per cent of which has been due to direct and indirect immigration since 2001, adds huge pressures on infrastructure and public services. Mr Double and his colleagues may choose to brush aside public disquiet at such a state of affairs but the truth is that they are either engaging in wishful thinking or they are woefully out of touch. Perhaps both.
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Politics – Conservative Party
Britain has a good news for Indians who want to migrate to UK
Economic Times, 17 January 2019

An unlimited number of highly-skilled Indian workers will be able to migrate to the UK under new proposals that could come into effect in 2021, with a senior British minister on Wednesday saying that in the new system the country will be open to the "best and brightest" from India.

The UK also wants to ink a pact with India similar to the one New Delhi has with France, treating each other's academic degrees as equivalent for higher studies and jobs, sources said.

The post-Brexit visas and immigration strategy, set out in an immigration White Paper, was tabled in the House of Commons last month by UK Home Secretary Sajid Javid. It proposes removal of cap on highly-skilled migrants from anywhere in the world and improves the post-study work offering for international students.

The UK officials on Wednesday visited New Delhi for the Migration Dialogue with the Indian government about a month after the British government unveiled its post-Brexit visas and immigration strategy that seeks to remove cap on highly-skilled migrants.

The discussions signalled a new phase of cooperation and acted as a forum to discuss opportunities to strengthen the bilateral relationship, a statement said.

"The UK is committed to building relationships across the globe which is why officials visited New Delhi and met the government of India today," UK Immigration Minister Caroline Nokes was quoted as saying in a British High Commission statement.

The UK already issues more skilled worker visas to Indian nationals than to the rest of the world combined, she said.

"Under the new system, operating from 2021, we will always be open to the brightest and best from India, who wish to come to live and work in the UK," Nokes said. ...

These proposals will mean that there would be no limit on the number of skilled people, such as engineers, doctors and IT professionals, who can come to live and work in the UK, the statement said.
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Politics – Conservative Party
EU 'Conservative' Leader: Europeans 'Must Open Hearts' to Mass Migration
Breitbart, 14 January 2019

European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) leader Syed Kamall has slammed policies to limit mass migration from the third world, blasting EU nations' "hypocrisy" for refusing to open the border to Africa while their own citizens move abroad.

"We must learn to open our hearts to genuine asylum seekers – people who are fleeing persecution," the UK Conservative MEP told delegates at the 'Africa Summit 2019' at EU Parliament last week.

Opening the ECR-sponsored conference, which was promoted as an opportunity to exchange best practice between the EU and African nations, Kamall complained, "Some [European countries] have not even managed to make the distinction between asylum and immigration." ...

Though the leader of a staunchly conservative parliament grouping, Kamall appeared in a leaked document of MEPs considered "allies" of the globalist George Soros network and has often campaigned for mass migration in his political career. ...

But in a statement, the London MEP explained that his decision to support Brexit was based primarily on his desire to see Britain welcome much more third world migration, a policy goal he described as being "incompatible with our membership of the EU". ...

Denouncing a "shocking" lack of ethnic diversity in Brussels, Kamall was a leading figure in campaigns blasting the EU as "too white" last year, alongside his fellow UK 'Conservative' MEP Sajjad Karim, who claimed the European Parliament "has been pale, male and stale for far too long" and that this must change in order for the body to "actively oppose Islamophobia" and populism.
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Politics – Parliament, UN Global Compact on Migration
Parliament REFUSES Petition to Reject UN Migrant Pact: 'Already Been Agreed'
Victoria Friedman
Breitbart, 11 January 2019

The British Parliament has refused to debate a petition to reject the UN compact on migration as it "has already been agreed by the UK Government."

The petition, which has nearly 130,000 signatures, called on the Government to follow countries like the United States, Hungary, and Australia and reject the United Nations Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration, which is the first attempt at the "global governance" and institutionalisation of migration.

"The Committee has decided not to schedule a debate on this petition because the UN Global Compact on Migration has already been agreed by the UK Government," said the response.

"The final text of the Compact was agreed by the UK Government in July last year. It was adopted by the UN General Assembly in December," it added, before claiming that the compact is "not legally binding and cannot compel the UK Government to change its own immigration policies" despite legal experts warning that the agreement exists in a legal "grey area" and could be used to interpret national immigration law.

While Britain committed to the agreement at the Intergovernmental Conference in Marrakech, Morocco, on December 10th, the minimum number of signatures needed to trigger Parliament's Backbench Business Committee to consider it for a full debate – 100,000 – had been reached a week before then, with Parliament only rejecting the debate Wednesday.
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Politics – abuse, political correctness
The politically correct tactics of the mob outside parliament
Brendan O'Neill
Spectator blog, 11 January 2019

People are talking about the ugly protests outside parliament as if they are a new and strange phenomenon in British politics. The rough bellowing at politicians. The hollering of the word 'Nazi!' at people who clearly aren't Nazis. The attempt to shout down politicians and journalists who simply want to make a political point. It is all so shocking and strange and un-British, commentators claim. Really? To me, the protests look and sound incredibly familiar. They look like another expression of the nasty, censorious, violent-minded political correctness that has been growing for years in this country. These protests aren't fascism in action – they're political correctness in action.

All the elements are there. The branding of your opponents as fascists and Nazis. 'Anna Soubry is a Nazi!', the self-styled 'yellow vest' mob hollered on College Green while Soubry was being interviewed by the BBC. The casual flinging about of the 'fascist' slur is par for the course these days. Corbynistas do it. Online virtue-signallers do it, in particular against anyone who voted for Brexit. Campus warriors against 'offensive' speech do it all the time. To them, anyone who isn't 100 per cent trans-friendly and in favour of mass immigration is basically Goebbels reincarnated.

There's the protesters' attempts to drown out people's voices. Their use of the heckler's veto to silence those they disagree with. They've done that to Sky reporters, MPs, Guardian columnists. This is very familiar too. It's been happening on campuses for years. Witness the ugly barracking of Maryam Namazie by those who dislike her criticisms of Islam. Or the fact that Julie Bindel can't set foot on a campus without 50 snowflakes screaming for her to be silenced. Or the way Jacob Rees-Mogg and virtually anyone who is to the right of John McDonnell can expect to be greeted at universities by protesters determined to heckle them into oblivion.

Those stupid people in College Green might be hard right, but they are using tactics that were developed by the left. The tactics of intolerance, of censorship-by-shouting, of historically illiterate accusations of 'fascism' against anyone who isn't completely on their side. ...

I've seen it all before. I've seen pro-Israel speakers on campuses being branded scum, fascists, murderers. I've seen humanist critics of Islam like Maajid Nawaz being branded fellow travellers of the hard right.
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Politics – public opinion, Scotland
Scots reject SNP call for immigration powers
Hamish Macdonell
The Times, 10 January 2019

Nicola Sturgeon's desire to secure control of immigration in Scotland has been dealt a blow by a survey showing that most Scottish people oppose the idea.

The first minister launched a fresh bid this week for Scotland to take charge of its own borders policy, arguing that the country was in desperate need of boosting its working-age population with migrants from the EU.

However, a survey for Britain's leading independent social research institute has shown not only that Scots do not share this view but they are also sceptical about allowing freedom of movement to continue from Europe after Brexit.
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Politics – Conservative Party
Andrew Green: The new Immigration White Paper. Not just damaging, but a disaster – both for control and the Conservatives
Lord Green
ConservativeHome, 4 January 2019

As MPs gather next week to resume their debate on Brexit, they will need to turn their attention to immigration – a major issue in the EU referendum.

Unfortunately, the Immigration White Paper, slipped out just before Christmas, is not just a set-back for immigration control, it is a disaster. Indeed it will, in future, be seen to have been extremely damaging for public faith in the political system trust in politicians and the Conservative Party especially.

Why? Because, despite all their promises over eight years – not just promises but manifesto commitments – the Conservatives have given up any serious attempt to reduce immigration. If the proposals in The White Paper are implemented, immigration will be far more likely to increase still further and could well spin out of control.

How could that be? Consider this. Until now, highly skilled immigration (that is at degree level or higher) has been open for EU citizens but capped at 20,700 for non-EU entrants. According to the new policy, there will be no cap on either. Furthermore, employers will no longer be obliged to advertise a job in Britain before recruiting from overseas: how will British staff feel about that? There is even talk of abolishing the system of sponsorship so that anyone could bring in a worker, perhaps even a relative, as long as they said that they would be paying a salary of £30,000 a year. Yet the Government's own Advisory Committee, mainly pro-immigration economists, has admitted that salary levels can be fiddled, for example by including other elements such as accommodation.

For anyone who has followed immigration matters for some years (in my case 18 years), this is sheer foolishness, but that is not the half of it. There is also to be a new route for those with much lower qualifications – put simply, "A level" or equivalent – which will be open to the whole world and also uncapped. Given that these routes will lead to settlement there could be waves of applications, from all over the world, including from people willing to take a pay cut to get on a track for permanent residence and eventual British citizenship.

There is more. There is also to be a route for unskilled workers from "low risk" countries. ...

Amazingly, this last route will also be uncapped and will be open to visitors from these countries to find and take up a job while they are here. The clear implication is that all EU countries will be included amongst the "low risk" countries, so Romanians and Bulgarians, still arriving in considerable numbers, will continue to flow in. ...

Even that is not the end of it. ...

It is beyond question that immigration was a major issue at the referendum. Its salience has declined somewhat since then, at least partly because people thought that it was all in hand.

The White Paper contains a great deal of talk about the "control" of immigration, but the reality is that new routes will be opened, some temporary – but the Government's record in removing overstayers is lamentable. Meanwhile, the public are clear that they want to see an actual reduction. They are aware, no doubt, that immigration has been adding one million to our population every three years since 2001. They may also know that, at current rates of immigration to England, we shall have to build a new home for immigrants every six minutes, night and day.
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Politics – populism
Face it, you elitists, populism is here to stay
Michael St George
Conservative Woman, 4 January 2019

'Populism' is now the anti-democratic, globalist, 'Liberal-Progressive' oligarchy's preferred term of disparagement for the growing politics of pluralist mass democracy, based on self-governing nation-statehood which rejects rule by unelected and unaccountable supra-national technocracy.

It's about this movement that political scientists and academics Matthew Goodwin and Roger Eatwell have written in their book National Populism: The Revolt Against Liberal Democracy, trying to explain its origins, its central tenets, and its prospects.

Contrary to the assumptions of its contemptuously dismissive opponents, the movement isn't new. ...

Nor is it, as its detractors lazily claim, a movement composed solely of old white men. ...

Goodwin and Eatwell identify what they call the Four Ds – the historic shifts, the long-term trends which are a growing cause of concern for millions and are driving the movement and which, being structural, are unlikely to fade or dissipate, or be assuaged, in the near future.

First, Distrust – the way in which the elitist nature of Liberal-Progressive democracy, ever seeking to minimise the opportunities for meaningful participation by the masses, has promoted distrust of politicians and institutions by millions who feel they no longer have a voice in the national discussion.

Second, Destruction – particularly the perception that culturally 'liberal' politicians, unaccountable supranational bureaucracies and global corporates are eroding not only traditional communities, but also national identity and societal cohesion, especially via promoting mass immigration, while politically-correct agendas strive to silence any expression of opposition.

Third, Deprivation – the growing conviction of many, fuelled by rising inequalities of income and wealth, as well as the perception of cultural discrimination against them by the Liberal-Elites, that they are losing out relative to others, and that the future for themselves and their children is not only diminished, but actually bleak.

Fourth, De-alignment – the burgeoning gap, and therefore weakening bond, between rulers and ruled, between the traditional mainstream political parties and the people they purport (or no longer bother even to pretend) to represent: manifesting itself in a much more fragmented, volatile and unpredictable politics.

Goodwin and Eatwell also show that, again giving the lie to the dismissive prejudices of its critics, the populism movement is not anti-democratic. Rather, it opposes aspects of Liberal-Progressive democracy as it has evolved to date, and actually wants more democracy: more referendums and more-listening politicians who will devolve power to the people to be exercised democratically instead of vesting it in what too often are unelected and unaccountable, bureaucratic and technocratic, economic and political elites.
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POPULATION

Population – demography, ethnicity
Demography has become the biggest story on the planet
Lionel Shriver
The Spectator, 31 January 2019
[Review of Paul Morland's "The Human Tide"]

The author has a moderate bent, and doesn't claim that population – its surging, contraction and migration – explains all of human history. But it comes awfully close. ...

... Since the 1960s, writing about demography has steadily shifted from regarding high fertility rates as tragically entrenching poverty to accepting that numbers confer power. Not mincing words, Morland declares boldly at the outset that 'ethnicity matters politically'. He spells out that 'nations and ethnic groups are real' and 'they matter in history'. ...

... According to Morland, 19th-century Europeans managed to project power, exert influence and claim territory as a consequence of mushrooming domestic populations whose excess these countries could afford to send all over the globe. If Great Britain, as the historian Timothy Snyder claims, 'made the world', it did so, Morland explains, 'by exporting people'. Ergo, people to spare made the British Empire possible.

The Human Tide shies from this risky inference, but it's worth asking: if Europe's sending its extra population abroad projected power, exerted influence and claimed territory, isn't mass migration from developing nations to the West not currently doing the same thing? /.../ One plausible explanation for the rise of identity politics and the ever-increasing role that race plays in issues of the day is simply mass immigration. Numbers translate directly into voice and clout.

For at the same time the West has now reached 'the second transition' – below-replacement fertility – many developing countries, modernised much later, continue to grow, and on a scale that makes the population of burgeoning 19th-century Britain look like a poorly attended cocktail party. Because the primary instruments of lower mortality and expanded life expectancy were initially of western invention, the West has inadvertently engineered its own diminishment.

I have only one serious criticism of this excellent book, and that's a matter of proportion. Thus far, Africa has failed to get with the programme. Although its fertility rates have come down, they haven't plummeted nearly as quickly as they were supposed to. Consequently, UN estimates for the global population at which we're meant to level off, once heading steadily downwards, now go up every year. By 2050, Africans may total 2.5 billion, and 4.5 billion by 2100. Given demographic momentum, to a degree these numbers are baked in. /.../ Morland devotes a scant eight pages to this crucial continent, and dubiously Pollyanna pages at that.

The author isn't always so demure. He forcefully discounts a popular mantra of British multiculturalists: 'It may often be said that England has always been a land of immigration, but this is simply untrue.' Until very recently, England and Wales have absorbed a tiny, demographically incidental handful of Huguenots and Jews. The rise of the population that does not consider itself white British from 2 per cent in the 1960s to nearly 20 per cent in 2011 is 'historically unprecedented'.

... White Britons are expected to become a minority in Britain circa 2060 or so. Starting in 1980, white Europeans in California fell from 70 per cent to 40 per cent in a mere 30 years.
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Population – employment
A declining population may not always be bad for the economy
Matthew Lynn
Daily Telegraph, 22 January 2019

Trade wars. Currency movements. Trade balances. Normalising interest rates. Combating climate change and poverty. Year after year, the G-20 discusses the same narrow range of issues, never agrees on very much and follows up on even less with any real action. But this year might just be different. The Japanese are taking the chair and, to their credit, they have decided to put something that genuinely matters at the top of the agenda, namely demographics.

Even more strikingly, they are challenging a cosy consensus of the last couple of decades. Most mainstream economists and policymakers take it for granted that a declining population is bad for the economy and we need to do all we can to reverse it. But the Japanese are starting to argue that it may not be true. Technology might mean that we need fewer people, while all the services required by the elderly might actually stimulate demand. If true, policies to combat an ageing population might be a big mistake. ...

Haruhiko Kuroda, the governor of the Bank of Japan, kick-strated the debate with a sppech that had the not-completely snappy title Demographic Changes and Macroeconomic Challenges. ...

... It's possible, he argued, that an ageing population could be completely fine. Rapid progress in technology, such as robotics and artificial intelligence, means that we might need far fewer workers than in the past, while improving productivity (indeed, slightly oddly, at the same time as we worry about not having enough workers, we also worry about what to do about mass unemployment created by robotics). In fact, a shortage of workers will put pressure on companies to improve productivity. ...

... The conclusion? A falling population is not necessarily as bad for the economy as usually assumed. More provocatively still, ageing nations might be able to outperform younger ones.

That is of course especially relevant to Japan, where the working age population peaked in 1995 and its total population in 2008. Unlike just about every other major country, Japan has not tried to stem its declining numbers through immigration, remaining relatively closed to outsiders.
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Population – local statistics
Use Facebook to improve migration data, says think-tank
Robert Wright
Financial Times, 9 January 2019

Government statisticians should consider acquiring data from social media companies such as Facebook to improve the UK's often vague estimates of how many immigrants live in each area, a think-tank has recommended.

The proposal was made in the Social Market Foundation's All Immigration is Local report, which looks at how to ensure the benefits of immigration are broadly shared across the UK and how newcomers contribute to local economies.

The report, published on Wednesday, said current official statistics, which rely heavily on extrapolating from market research-style surveys, provided so little certainty that it was hard to assess the population of many towns.

It cited the example of Boston, Lincolnshire, which according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), has a migrant population of 21,000. The report said the statistics had a "confidence interval" of 10,000, meaning the town might have anything between 11,000 and 31,000 migrants. The potential error could mean the town had anything between 58,000 and 78,000 inhabitants.

Such uncertainty complicated efforts to help areas cope with the impact that immigrants had on schools, hospitals and other public services, the research said. The government seeks to alleviate such pressures mainly through its controlling migration fund, which makes grants to local authorities to strengthen public services.

The lack of good data also made it hard for local authorities to publicise the benefits their areas accrued from immigrants' spending, taxes and other economic activity, the report said. ...

The foundation also examined the shortcomings of government efforts to mitigate the strain on some small towns and rural areas from rapid increases in immigration.
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POPULATION PRESSURE

Population pressure – housing
England 'needs millions of homes to solve housing crisis'
BBC, 8 January 2019

Three million new social homes must be built in England over 20 years to solve the "housing crisis", a report says.

Housing charity Shelter said 1.2 million homes are needed for younger families who cannot afford to buy and "face a lifetime in expensive and insecure private renting".

Existing schemes like Help to Buy are a less effective use of taxpayers' money, the report claims. ...

Shelter's report claims 1.3 million homes are needed to house those in greatest need - including homeless people and those living with a disability. ...

The report was authored by 16 independent commissioners, including former Labour leader Ed Miliband, Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Doreen Lawrence, TV architect George Clarke and Grenfell survivor Ed Daffarn.
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RACISM

Racism – Islamophobia
These 9 things are 'officially Islamophobic' after UK councils adopt new definition
Lancashire Telegraph, 30 January 2019

Councils across the UK are starting to adopt an agreed list of examples of Islamophobia.

However, so far, just three local authorities have adopted the APPG (All-Party Parliamentary Group) definition of Islamophobia. ...

Oxford City council has this week become the latest in the UK to officially recognise the APPG definition which states:

"Islamophobia is rooted in racism and is a type of racism that targets expressions of Muslimness or perceived Muslimness."

The two other councils to adopt the definition are in London.

The list below states examples of Islamophobia that the councils now deem as unacceptable: ...

• Making mendacious, dehumanizing, demonizing, or stereotypical allegations about Muslims as such, or of Muslims as a collective group, such as, especially but not exclusively, conspiracies about Muslim entryism in politics, government or other societal institutions; the myth of Muslim identity having a unique propensity for terrorism and claims of a demographic 'threat' posed by Muslims or of a 'Muslim takeover'. ...

• Accusing Muslims as a group, or Muslim majority states, of inventing or exaggerating Islamophobia, ethnic cleansing or genocide perpetrated against Muslims.

• Accusing Muslim citizens of being more loyal to the 'Ummah' (transnational Muslim community) or to their countries of origin, or to the alleged priorities of Muslims worldwide, than to the interests of their own nations.

• Denying Muslim populations, the right to self-determination e.g., by claiming that the existence of an independent Palestine or Kashmir is a terrorist endeavour. ...
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Racism – multiculturalism
Book Review: Political Blackness in Multiracial Britain by Mohan Ambikaipaker
Priyanka deSouza
LSE Review of Books, 23 January 2019

How do we understand the relationship between sustained institutional racism and the everyday violence experienced by the black community in Britain over time? To theorise this in Political Blackness in Multiracial Britain, Mohan Ambikaipaker reflects on his experience as an unpaid caseworker (2005-06) and longtime associate of the Newham Monitoring Project (NMP), fighting against the failure of the British liberal state to provide justice to victims of racism. ...

The reason I found this book so powerful was in large part due to Ambikaipaker's choice of methodology. He refuses to be a disengaged observer, but instead opts for an 'activist anthropology' approach with NMP. He does this because he recognises in his book that conducting interviews with the police force would privilege the performance of white informants in adjudicating whether or not institutional racism is real. Instead, he chooses to work with NMP, an organisation firmly committed to a racial analysis of British liberal governance, informed not only by local and national events in Britain but also black consciousness movements around the world. ...

Ambikaipaker was drawn to the borough of Newham for his research because of its dynamic, cosmopolitan nature and its diversity: although the white British population was the majority in 2006, there was a large population of multiple black communities living side-by-side in the borough. NMP had a strong presence in the neighbourhood. /.../ Each of Ambikaipaker's chapters starts by situating the ensuing stories he tells in a critical race theory/postcolonial framework.

A note here about Ambikaipaker's use of 'blackness'. Although Ambikaipaker refers to all non-white communities as 'black', he does so in a political sense, not a cultural one. He explains at length why he does so in Chapters Six and Seven of his book: he does not essentialise blackness, but instead shows that although the experience of black communities is different, they are all victims of the racial hierarchy in Britain. NMP thus uses political blackness as a rallying strategy to build solidarity between communities to create a 'mosaic of unities' to fight injustice together. ...

... And in his chapter on the Muslim community in Britain, Ambikaipaker shows the evolution of the state's approach to 'managing' the black community. He details how the language of multiculturalism and community cohesion, which have obscured the true root of racism in the British state, have been replaced by the coded language of counter-terrorism, which has served to particularly target the Muslim community. By doing so, he shines a light on the unchanged racist intentions of the state and its evolution in form.
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Racism – white identity, politics, USA
The Disturbing, Surprisingly Complex Relationship Between White Identity Politics and Racism
Isaac Chotiner
New Yorker, 19 January 2019

In her new book, "White Identity Politics," the Duke political scientist Ashley Jardina examines the increasing relevance of white identity in America. Drawing on data from American National Election Studies surveys and her own research, Jardina finds that about thirty to forty per cent of white Americans say that white identity is important to them, and she adds an interesting twist – that this group only partly overlaps with the group of white Americans who hold racist views. According to Jardina's analysis, about thirty-eight per cent of white people who highly value their white identity are at or below the mean level of racial resentment, while forty-four per cent of white people who say their racial identity is less important are at or above that level. ...

I recently spoke with Jardina by phone. ...

How do you come to the conclusion that white identity tends to experience spikes when there is a change in the country, or when politicians wield ideas of whiteness or racism, without all the survey data we would like? ...

I think we social scientists were looking for white identity in the wrong places. One of the distinctions I make in the book is between the ideas of identity and prejudice. This is the distinction between in-group attitudes and out-group attitudes. For good reason, a lot of work on whites' racial attitudes in the U.S. has focussed on racial prejudice. We want to understand where discrimination and bigotry and all these things come from, and what the consequences are.

But there was a tendency to think about white identity as just another manifestation of prejudice. ...

How much of a connection is there between strongly identifying with whiteness and racist attitudes?

Not as strong as you might think. It's certainly the case that there are some people who identify as white and who are also racist. But it's not a one-to-one relationship. The connection is fairly weak, and that's for two reasons. One is that there are a lot of white people who are more racially prejudiced who do not identify as being white, and the converse is true. Then there are a number of white people who feel strongly attached to their group but who aren't particularly prejudiced. ...

You say there's not the connection we might expect between emphasizing white identity and racism, but you also say that white identifiers care especially about immigration. How do you understand the connection between caring about immigration and racism?

For people high on white identity, opposition to immigration doesn't necessarily come as a result of disliking Latinos. It is rooted in something different, which is that they think immigration is threatening American culture, but a particular flavor of American culture, one which is defined by Anglo-Saxon Protestant heritage, which is very much defined by whiteness. Somebody might just be opposed to immigration because they dislike Latinos. But there's a different component to this that's going on in the minds of a lot of white people. It's not, "I dislike Latino people." It's, "I don't like the idea that the country that I envision, the country that I grew up in, the place that is defined by this Anglo-Saxon culture, is somehow threatened by this new group.
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Racism – Islamophobia, free speech
We must be free to criticise Islam
Hardeep Singh
Spiked, 4 January 2019

The All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on British Muslims is calling on the government to establish a legally binding definition of 'Islamophobia', akin to the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance's (IHRA) working definition of anti-Semitism. Last November, the APPG launched its landmark Islamophobia Defined report, offering the following definition: 'Islamophobia is rooted in racism and is a type of racism that targets expressions of Muslimness or perceived Muslimness.' To tackle what it calls Islamophobia, the report calls for 'appropriate limits to free speech' and for the policing and regulation of matters 'far beyond what can be captured as criminal acts'.

Hatred towards Muslims has certainly resulted in some horrendous crimes, like the Finsbury Park van attack, where an innocent worshipper was murdered. Women in hijabs are also vulnerable to attacks, particularly following major terror events, due to their visibility as Muslims.

Nevertheless, there are serious problems with the APPG's definition of Islamophobia, and indeed with the term Islamophobia itself. It is far too vague and it conflates attacks on Muslims (and non-Muslims) with criticism of Islam and of the behaviour of a minority of Muslims.

The charity I work for – the Network of Sikh Organisations – provided written and oral evidence to the APPG for the report. We argued that non-Muslims can also be victims of what is called Islamophobia. Sometimes this is because of race. ...

But 'Islamophobia' is not always rooted in racism. For a start, racism cannot adequately describe discrimination against either white converts to Islam or European Muslims like Bosniaks, Kosovars and Albanians.

Moreover, there have been a number of so-called mistaken-identity attacks since 9/11, where turbaned and bearded Sikhs have been targeted (and even killed) as they were mistaken for Muslims. ...

According to freedom-of-information disclosures I obtained from the Metropolitan Police, crimes against British Jews, Sikhs, Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, atheists and agnostics have all been recorded as 'Islamophobic' hate crimes.

One major problem with a term like Islamophobia is that, even with a working definition, it is inherently subjective. When it comes to speech, who judges what is sufficiently 'offensive' to constitute a phobia? Who adjudicates what is permissible within the boundaries of free speech and what strays into forbidden, 'phobic' territory? Legitimate criticism of aspects of Islam could be silenced under the proposed definition of Islamophobia, or criminalised as 'hate speech'.

For example, according to the APPG report, 'claims of Muslims spreading Islam by the sword or subjugating minority groups under their rule' may be 'Islamophobic'. But that could censor discussion of historical facts, such as the gruesome aspects of the Mughal and Ottoman Empires or the Moor conquests, not to mention the crimes of modern-day ISIS. ...

Those Muslims who put their head above the parapet to criticise Islam often face extreme prejudice from other Muslims. For instance, Britain's counter-extremism czar, Sara Khan, writes in the Huffington Post of the 'increasing anti-Muslim hatred' that she receives 'from fellow Muslims'. 'It is contradictory and unjust to recognise non-Muslim perpetrators yet ignore Muslims who engage in active hostility, abuse, hatred and discrimination against other Muslims', she writes.
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REPATRIATION/DEPORTATION

Repatriation/deportation – illegal immigration
Illegal immigrant could be deported for third time after he was caught driving Mercedes at 130mph
Laura FitzPatrick
Daily Telegraph, 3 January 2019

An illegal immigrant who drove a Mercedes at 130mph could be deported for the third time.

Ahmed Ali, 23, has already been deported from the UK twice for motoring offences and is disqualified from driving, but he came back to Britain illegally before committing another offence in the early hours of December 30.

Ali, who was born in the Netherlands to Somalian parents, raced a white Mercedes on the A38 in Derby at 12.35am and was stopped near Findern. ...

Ali's lawyer, Theo Addae ...

Mr Addae said that in terms of his immigration status, and following the latest offences, Ali will now be subject to a Home Office review as to whether he will be deported again.

Ali, who originally came to the country aged five, pleaded guilty to entering the UK in breach of a deportation order, driving while disqualified, without insurance and obstructing a police officer by giving false details as to his identity.
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SOCIAL COHESION

Social cohesion – national identity
Identity is just as important as wealth. Why don't economists get that?
Rory Sutherland
The Spectator, 5 January 2019

It has become commonplace for news reports to refer to almost any civic unrest, or even unusual patterns of voting, as evidence of 'resurgent nationalism' – implicitly suggesting a visceral hatred of foreigners and a desire to set the clock back to the glory days of racial homogeneity and casual homophobia. We should be wary of accepting this media trope: for one thing it may arouse far more fear than is warranted.

But apart from the needless fear it generates, it is also slightly dubious to suggest that it is the gilets jaunes or the Five Star Movement or the supporters of Brexit or even Donald Trump who are acting intemperately. It is perfectly possible to argue that these movements are a sensible, overdue reaction against governments that have imposed economic globalisation on the world at a pace that is entirely inconsistent with the human lifespan and the speed at which we can adapt to change. The free movement of people, the euro, large-scale immigration, the dissolution of the nation state – for that matter the admission of China to the WTO... all were imposed on the world by ideologically motivated elites with little public consultation. Regardless of whether you think they are good or bad, there is a perfectly sensible secondary question to be asked about whether they were too much too soon. Remember, such decisions are usually made by economists, who do not really understand either time or scale.

Nor does conventional economics take into account the importance of identity. Eighteen years ago, rather presciently, George Akerlof and Rachel Kranton suggested that economics is far too individualistic in its conception of human motivation. Identity Economics, as they call their theory, holds that people's pride in their collective identity can be considered as a parallel form of wealth, which people seek to grow and protect every bit as much as the balance of their bank accounts. When you strip people of their identity, the reaction is no different than if you deprive people of their earnings.

Given the fact that we have evolved as a social species, this theory should hardly surprise us. After all, the one quality most likely to ensure survival over the past million years was proudly to belong to one or more defined, excludable groups with a shared allegiance born of common bonds and obligations. It would be odd if this instinct were not every bit as powerful as the urge to acquire wealth. And to disparage this fellow feeling as though it were necessarily a malign force is nonsense: it is a large part of what makes society work.

Economics is obsessed with the gains arising from scale. But identity does not scale neatly or quickly. ...

This, incidentally, is one principled argument for a hard Brexit, even if at some economic cost. It is to make the perfectly valid point that in a democracy the government should do what people want, not what economic theory says is good for them. Quite simply, economics is anthropologically tone-deaf: it has far too narrow a conception of what people really care about to justify the influence it carries.
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TERRORISM

Terrorism – Europe, France
Report: Nearly all terror attacks in France carried out by radicals already known to police
Ken Dilanian
NBC News, 6 January 2019

The vast majority of terror attacks in France were carried out by Islamic radicals who had been known to police or intelligence services, according to a new report by a global security think tank.

Bratislava-based GLOBSEC examined 22 terror incidents in France since 2012. Nearly 80 percent of the people behind those attacks had been on a terror watchlist, and 97 percent had been on the radar of authorities, according to the firm's new analysis, obtained by NBC News.

The figures included Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, career criminals with long records who killed 12 people in January 2015 in the offices of the satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris.

The statistics are likely to bolster the longstanding criticism leveled at France and other European countries that authorities are not doing enough to prosecute and imprison those who pose a threat. ...

"The main issue throughout Europe is the sentencing, which is extremely lenient and also allows for terrorists/jihadists to be freed quite early for 'good behavior,'" said London-based terror expert Olivier Guitta, founder and managing director of the security firm GlobalStrat.

Of 78 people suspected of carrying out the attacks, 49 percent had previous criminal convictions, including 19 percent who were repeat offenders, the report said.
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SUBJECTS (and number of items for each)

Asylum (3)
Border Controls (5)
Crime (7)
Diversity (3)
Employment (2)
Extremism (1)
Illegal Immigration (17)
Immigration (7)
Immigration Abroad (36)
Multiculturalism (5)
Politics (8)
Population (3)
Population Pressure (1)
Racism (4)
Repatriation/Deportation (1)
Social Cohesion (1)
Terrorism (1)




Number of items on this page: 105
This page was updated on 4th February 2019


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