IMMIGRATION CONCERN

NEWS AND VIEWS - BY SUBJECT
2011

Quotations of news and views by subject



At the end of this page there is a list of subjects, with links to the relevant sections

Within each section of this page the more recent items are shown first. However, extracts can, if preferred, be read in chronological order by using the "Up" link to go to the start of the item next above the one just read.

Authors expressing their own views are indicated in bold. The names of reporters are in normal type.



ASYLUM

Asylum – cost
Taxpayer funding £100,000 a day for failed asylum seekers
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 26 December 2011

The taxpayer is spending more than £100,000 a day to house failed asylum seekers who have no right to be in the country.

The Home Office spent almost £40 million last year supporting so-called "hard cases" – asylum seekers who have had their claims rejected but cannot leave for one reason or another.

It is usually because of unsafe conditions in their home country, a medical condition or they have launched a judicial review on a legal point in their case.

But in the meantime the taxpayer must fund their accommodation and living allowances.

And the cost of the asylum system is growing after separate figures showed the number of asylum seekers who are still awaiting a decision and need accommodation increased in 2011. ...

Under what is known as Section 4 support, asylum seekers who have had their claim for shelter rejected but cannot currently return home are given accommodation and living support. In the 12 months up to September 2011, a total of 4,430 people were awarded such support – the equivalent of 12 a day.

Some of those will have since left the country but others may be here indefinitely if their particular circumstances do not change.

Over the period, the Home Office spent £38.2 million on Section 4 support or £104,658 a day. ...

As well as accommodation, recipients are given a payment card, worth £35.39 per person a week, which is used to buy food and essential toiletries.
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Asylum – community
Why we need to start discriminating again
Ed West
Daily Telegraph website, 22 December 2011

The European Court of Justice has ruled that Britain and Ireland cannot return asylum seekers to Greece because their human rights would be jeopardised. ... ...

It is interesting how far the logic behind the asylum system has shifted down the years. The first UN Convention, in 1951, dealt with people made homeless by the changing map of Europe (including millions of Germans driven out of Prussia). It was never intended, nor even imagined, that vast numbers of people from failed states would move permanently into Europe, marking the continent's greatest movement of people since the barbarian invasions. ...

Do Afghans have a "right" to protection in Europe? Who granted them such a right? God? Nature? The UN? What right do I have to live in, say, Afghanistan, assuming I was insane?

This is, in reality, a distortion of the English language. An Afghan has no rights to England; if he is within its borders he enjoys the human rights that English law and custom ensures (well, used to), but he has no civil rights, including the right to reside. ...

An Afghan who arrives here is, in fact, a guest, and the system takes into account thousands of years of custom whereby guests are protected; this featured strongly in ancient Jewish and Greek culture, with Zeus being the patron and protector of all strangers. Likewise a Pathan will look after you if you stray on to his turf, but in no sense do you have any "rights" within his society.

That's because the asylum system is by nature contradictory, taking that ancient custom of hospitality and confusing it with the very modern concept of rights, rights which can only be derived from citizenship (and in a modern democracy asylum seekers, assuming they stick around, must inevitably become citizens).

And the idea that an Afghan has "rights" here is based on the totally fraudulent idea of indiscriminate altruism. In his famous 1982 essay, "Discriminating Altruisms", Garrett Hardin wrote that a world without borders, barriers or distinctions is impossible.

The success of countries such as England can be partly attributed to their ability to widen the spheres of trust within society, beyond family, clan and tribe, allowing vast numbers of people to co-operate and trade through a common culture and law; the failure of Afghanistan is much down to its rigid old clan and tribal codes (this makes it impossible to build any sort of civil law or to counter corruption). Yet there are limits to how far the sphere of trust can extend. Hardin wrote that "altruism practised without discrimination of kinship, acquaintanceship, shared values, or propinquity in time or space" was impossible, because the benefits of belonging would cease to exist. Eventually, if we continue down our path of universalism, the benefits will disappear for us, too.

As the 19th-century French philosopher Pierre-Joseph Proudhon once put it: "If all the world is my brother, then I have no brother."
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Asylum
Asylum claims increase in UK as refugees flee Libya war
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 19 October 2011

Asylum claims to the UK increased by 12 per cent in the first half of this year, driven by a sharp rise in Libyans fleeing the conflict there.

More than 12,000 people sought refuge in the UK compared with less than 11,000 in the first six months of 2010.

One of the biggest jumps was in asylum claims from Libyans, which rose sharply from 100 for the whole of last year to 700 in just six months this year. ...

Asylum claims to the leading industrialised nations as a whole increased by 17 per cent, according to UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency.

It warned if the trend continues, claims to the 44 major countries will hit an eight year high by the end of 2011. ...

However, despite the increases, the number of claims was still the third lowest for the UK since the UNHCR began recording them in 1999. ...

Overall, 198,300 asylum claims were lodged with the 44 industrialised countries in the first half of 2011, compared with 169,300 for the same period last year.

Between them, the United States (36,400), France (26,100), Germany (20,100), Sweden (12,600) and the UK accounted for 54 per cent of claims.

The report warned if current patterns continue there could be a total of 420,000 claims lodged with the 44 countries by the end of the year.

It blames major crises in West, North, and East Africa, with large increases in claims from Tunisians and Ivorians as well as Libyans.

However, the main source of claims was still Afghanistan, China, Serbia, Iraq and Iran, it said.
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Asylum – European Union
UK failing to share burden of migration crisis, says southern Europe
Harriet Grant and John Domokos
The Guardian, 7 October 2011

Italy and Greece have accused Britain and its northern European neighbours of not sharing the responsibility for a crisis in migration that has left them struggling to cope.

During a year in which the Arab spring has accelerated migration to Europe and the economic crisis has made it harder to deal with people who arrive, Italy and Greece are seeking a suspension of the EU's so-called Dublin system – under which Britain deports hundreds of immigrants to southern Europe – because they claim it unfairly compounds their burden.

A special Guardian investigation has discovered that some of those deported from Britain have ended up destitute on the streets of Rome.

Under the Dublin rules, now facing a series of legal challenges, EU countries have the right to deport migrants back to the country in Europe in which they first arrived and were fingerprinted.

David Cameron, whose government has promised to cut UK immigration to "tens of thousands", has backed the Dublin system. Other northern European states are reluctant to change it.

But the Italian immigration minister, Sonia Viale, told the Guardian that Europe had failed to give her country enough support. "Italy has been left alone now, for more than eight months, to cope with the exceptionally large flow of migrants from North Africa to Europe. I think it is a duty of all EU member states to support the countries under a strong migration pressure. Immigration is a European issue and requires a European response." ...

Since the beginning of this year more than 60,000 migrants have landed on the Italian coastline. The Italian ministry of the interior says at least half are asylum seekers. Last week the port of Lampedusa was declared an unsafe port by Italian authorities. ...

The UK is one of the staunchest defenders of the Dublin system, which was signed in 1990 but became law in 1997. ...

The Home Office points out that the UK, France and Germany all received more asylum seekers last year than Italy.

The UK sent back just under a thousand asylum seekers under the system last year, but that power is currently being challenged in British and European courts. ...

The EU commissioner for home affairs, Cecelia Malmstrom, is trying to push through reforms to Dublin, including the emergency suspension mechanism that Italy and Greece are asking for. But at a recent meeting of home affairs ministers from across the EU, the plan was met with strong resistance from a majority of member states.
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Asylum
Border checks 'in chaos' as asylum seekers soar by 12%
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 23 September 2011

The number of foreigners seeking asylum in the UK has risen by 12 per cent over the past year.

Official EU figures show 6,070 people arrived in the country claiming refuge in the first three months of 2011 – up from 5,400 in 2010.

The total number of new asylum applications in the past 12 months was 22,735. When repeat and existing applicants are included, the number was 24,140.

Campaigners yesterday said the figures underlined the need for Britain to ignore human-rights legislation and set its own standards for granting sanctuary. ...

Alp Mehmet, of Migrationwatch, said: "There is no obvious reason for this increase. The most important point now is that those who don't qualify for asylum are returned to the countries from whence they came as quickly as possible.

"They should not be permitted to stay for reasons that most ordinary British people would regard as feeble and unconvincing."

Yesterday's figures were published by Eurostat, the statistical arm of the EU. ...

The biggest groups coming to the UK were from Pakistan, Iran, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Zimbabwe. Most of those were men aged 18 to 34.
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Asylum – deportation
Almost 100,000 lost asylum seekers may never be traced
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 14 September 2011

Almost 100,000 asylum seekers lost by the shambolic immigration service may never be found, the head of the department revealed yesterday.

Officials have been unable to trace one in five of the 450,000 forgotten asylum cases meaning they could remain in the UK forever.

The so-called legacy backlog of cases that were never completed was first discovered five years ago, with some dating back to the 1990s.

The Home Office promised to go through every file by the end of this summer.

That target was met but only because officials have concluded they cannot find 98,000 of them.

A further 18,000 are still in the UK despite being told they should be removed, Jonathan Sedgwick, the acting chief executive of the Border Agency, told MPs.

Critics have accused the Home Office of effectively running an amnesty that will see hundreds of thousands of people stay indefinitely in the UK.

The Home Office admitted in 2006 that a backlog of up to 450,000 files had built up. John Reid, who was home secretary at the time, promised to clear it within five years, by this summer.

Following the exercise, more than one in three have been told they can stay, mainly because the time it took for the Home Office to deal with the cases meant they had been in Britain so long they could argue their human rights would be breached if they were ordered to leave.

Only eight per cent, or 37,500, have been removed and another 18,000 are still awaiting removal, some because they committed offences while forgotten and have been subjected to criminal proceedings.

And 98,000 have now been placed in a "controlled archive" which means there is little chance of them being traced.

The rest were either duplicates or errors in the case files.

It means tens of thousands of asylum seekers who may have no right to stay in Britain may never be found.
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Asylum
The Labour party has destroyed our asylum system
Stephen Pollard
Daily Express, 25 August 2011

My great grandparents arrived in Britain at the turn of the last century. To describe them as being grateful to Britain for taking them in as they escaped from anti-Semitic pogroms doesn't come close.

They owed their lives – and so I of course owe mine – to this country's long-standing generosity of spirit in welcoming asylum seekers.

Which is why it is disgusting that we are now being taken for a ride by so many entirely bogus asylum seekers. As for the politicians and officials supposedly in charge of the system, they have presided over and acquiesced in the betrayal of the very noble idea of asylum.

A report published yesterday shows that failed asylum seekers have been costing us £2.3 million a day, some £10 billion between 1997-2010. ...

But not only do the costs remain astronomic the system remains fundamentally flawed. The numbers involved are staggering.

Of the 660,000 asylum claimants whose cases were dealt with between 1997-2010, 243,000 – that's 40 per cent – were given some form of legal residency in the UK.

That may be a large number but it is dwarfed by the 417,000 cases in which an application for asylum was refused.

In those rejected cases what that should mean is that the applicant leaves because he or she has no legal right to be here. But that is a joke and failed asylum seekers are the ones laughing – at us.

Of the 417,000 rejected applications just 151,540 – 36 per cent – ended up with someone actually leaving of their own accord or being forcibly deported.

That means 266,000 rejected applicants have remained here illegally. In other words only a quarter of asylum decisions made between 1997-2010 – the period of Labour government – resulted in someone actually leaving the UK.

What a farce and what an insult to an honourable concept: the granting of refuge to those in fear of persecution by those living in peace.

Now that very decent idea of asylum is tarnished, if not destroyed for ever. Our historic generosity has been turned against us.

A lethal cocktail of incompetent officials, puny politicians, shameless applicants and above all ludicrous laws have combined to change our country and to come close to destroying any faith in the offering of genuine asylum. ...

The powers that be have given up the right, even the willingness, to act in any halfway decent manner on our behalf.

The tragedy is that few of us now think of asylum as anything other than a scam.
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Asylum – illegal
Asylum system cost 'reaches £10bn'
The Guardian, 24 August 2011

Three out of four asylum seekers remain in the UK, with most staying illegally, campaigners have said.

Migration Watch UK said one in four of the 660,000 decisions made on asylum claims between 1997 and 2010 led to the applicant being removed.

The cost of the asylum system, including legal aid and court costs, has reached almost £10 billion - or £2 million a day - since 1999, the campaign group said.

In a study published ahead of the release of official statistics on Thursday, Migration Watch UK found that of the 660,000 cases decided in the 13-year period, 509,000 applicants remain in the UK, 243,000 legally and 266,000 illegally.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of the campaign group, said: "The asylum system has proved to be a £10 billion shambles. Those who, like ourselves, are serious about protecting genuine refugees should be no less serious about removing bogus claimants and, better still, deterring them in the first place."

He continued: "The system needs to be much faster. Delays in the system leave the door open for appeals based on the right to family life without any consideration for the rights of society in general."

The analysis showed that some form of protection was granted in 243,000 cases, leaving 417,000 which were refused and should have left or been removed from the UK. But 36% (151,540) of those denied asylum were removed and a further 8,615 were later established to have left the country without notifying the authorities.

Some 266,000 have neither left nor been removed and are therefore presumed to remain in the UK illegally, Migration Watch UK said. It added that it was possible that some of these may have been granted indefinite leave to remain if they were included in the backlog of more than 400,000 so-called legacy cases.
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Asylum – human rights, deportation, employment
Tories admit immigration laws chaos
David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 3 July 2011

The Home Office is to review a central plank of human rights law in an admission that it is causing serious damage to Britain's border controls.

A consultation paper to be issued within days will open up a debate on the future of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees "the right to a family life", which is increasingly being used by foreign criminals and illegal immigrants to dodge deportation. ...

The issue of immigration has also divided the Cabinet. Downing Street has rejected a plan by Mrs May to put a cap on the number of foreign students allowed to work after they finish their studies in Britain, after resistance from Nick Clegg, the Deputy Prime Minister, and Michael Gove, the Education Secretary. ...

The Government source said that including Article 8 in a forthcoming consultation paper on "family immigration rights" should be taken as a "clear signal" ministers are alarmed by the situation. ...

The Government source expressed concern about a new test case ruling, in which Article 8 was used by an asylum seeker to win permission to bring her family to Britain. The woman was one of 161,000 permitted to stay in Britain under the "legacy" scheme after their files were lost in a Home Office blunder. Critics have called the scheme a "back door amnesty".

Like most asylum-seekers who have benefited from the legacy scheme, the woman was not awarded full refugee status, which confers rights to bring dependants to Britain, but instead was given the lesser status of "indefinite leave to remain", which does not. Officials fear the ruling could open the door to more asylum-seekers to bring their families to Britain.
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Asylum – fraud, USA, Canada
Dominique Strauss-Kahn saga exposes lax immigration oversight
Steven Edwards
The Gazette [Montreal], 2 July 2011

Amid the apparently collapsing attempted-rape case against Dominique Strauss-Kahn is evidence of yet another refugee scam – this one perpetrated by the hotel maid who has been accusing the former head of the International Monetary Fund.

A national of Guinea, the 32-year-old woman – who continues to remain anonymous as a possible sex-crime victim – received legal asylum in the United States after recounting horrendous stories of her plight in her West African homeland.

Now she's had to admit that most – if not all – of her claims were not true, according to reports.

The most damning thing she said in terms of disqualifying her as a credible witness in the prosecution of Strauss-Khan, 62, was that Guinean soldiers gang raped her because she and her husband in that country opposed the ruling government.

She told Manhattan prosecutors that she had indeed been raped, but not in that way. She had embellished her story, her lawyer said, in order to boost her asylum application.

Her asylum bid was, in fact, so sophisticated that some unknown collaborator had even given her a tape of the story she should tell. She apparently listened to the tape over and over to learn the story by heart.

The Manhattan prosecutors took but a few interview sessions with her to break her down and have her admit to the ruse – and to having told a multitude of other lies.

Back in 2004, however, gullible refugee processing officials accepted the gang-rape story and gave her papers to stay in the country.

There's no reason to believe there's any more scrutiny in Canada, which accepts even more asylum-seekers per population.

As far back as 2001, I revealed that a secret RCMP-assisted United Nations probe determined most individuals or families admitted to Canada from Kenyan refugee camps over the previous six years paid bribes of as much as $7,000 each to local UN staff for help in slipping past the Canadian screening process.

In that case, UN officials were demanding the bribes, while Canadian officials "assumed the UN agency was providing reliable material and approved many of the cases," sources told me at the time.

Strauss-Kahn's accuser, once inside the United States, proceeded to dupe even more social-services types, winning the right to remain in subsidized housing by lying about her income, the Manhattan prosecutors uncovered. They learned she also lied on her income tax returns, claiming deductions for two children, when one was the child of a friend. ...

Which all goes to show, with just a little bit of verbal pressure, this asylum beneficiary could indeed be outed by determined truth seekers. But such types are not, apparently, to be found among the administrators of the asylum process that granted her leave to remain in the United States, or in the oversight mechanism for subsidized housing.
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Asylum – illegal immigrants, Belgium
Belgium to change its asylum policy
expatica.com, 1 July 2011

The Belgian government is to introduce stricter rules for illegal immigrants and those who have their application for a residence permit rejected. This was announced by the Belgian State Secretary responsible for Migration and Asylum Policies, Melchior Wathelet (Francophone Christian democrat).

Asylum seekers who had their application for a residence permit rejected, have 5 days to return to their country of origin under the current rules. However, this was not realistic and many just disappeared, becoming illegal immigrants. The Belgian government has announced new rules.

Asylum seekers who are not granted a permit, will have 30 days to prepare their voluntary return, in order to prepare themselves better. Those who refuse to leave Belgium on a voluntary basis, will be deported. This also implies that they are banned from entering any EU country for three years.

Those found staying illegally in the country, will be sent back on the spot. The new rules still have to be approved in parliament. They are aimed at reducing the number of asylum seekers in the long run.
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Asylum – deportation, European Union
Cameron blocks EU plan to soften deportation law
Holly Watt
Daily Telegraph, 25 June 2011

David Cameron has claimed victory in blocking an attempt by the European Commission to soften asylum laws.

The Prime Minister joined forces with Germany to force European Union leaders to maintain the existing immigration rules, which allow countries to send failed asylum seekers back to the first European country in which they arrived.

The law change would have allowed illegal immigrants to make their way across Europe to Britain before claiming asylum. ...

Greece approved only 11 out of the first 30,000 asylum applications received in 2010. The asylum backlog currently stands at around 47,000 cases.
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Asylum – border security
UK drops DNA tests for refugees and asylum seekers
Maria Cheng
Yahoo! News, 17 June 2011

Britain has dropped a policy of using DNA tests to identify the nationality of African refugees and asylum seekers after criticism that there is no scientific merit to the practice.

The government "does not plan to take forward DNA or isotope testing for country of origin identification purposes," and has also suspended an internal review of the program, according to a statement issued Friday by the U.K. Border Agency. It did not explain why it was discontinuing the program.

The pilot project first began in 2009 and was heavily slammed by experts, who said it was not possible to pinpoint a person's nationality based on their genes. British authorities described the testing as voluntary, and some applicants were asked to provide a mouth swab or hair or nail sample in cases where there were questions about their nationality.

The government said such tests provided valuable evidence in assessing whether asylum seekers are telling the truth about their country of origin. The tests were used only on people who claimed to be from Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda and Sudan.

Refugees may be eligible for asylum in Britain if they can prove they face persecution at home because of their race, religion, political views, sexual orientation, or other factors. People from more repressive or chaotic countries, like Sudan or Somalia, often have a better chance of gaining asylum than those from more stable countries like Kenya.

U.K. Border Agency experts were hoping to match DNA samples to genetic lineage in certain countries, which might suggest where a person was from. But scientists maintained the tests offered very little solid proof.

"Science is an uncertain business," said John Harris, a professor of bioethics at Manchester University and a member of the Human Genetics Commission, a government advisory panel. "This was probably a mistake from the start, because it was unlikely to be reliable."

The project was completed last March, with an evaluation scheduled to be published later – but those plans have also now been shelved.

Besides genetic tests, British officials also used isotope analysis of asylum seekers' hair and nail samples. Scientists can look at the composition of certain elements like oxygen or strontium to see where a person has been.

But these isotopes are present only so long as the hair and nails have recently been growing, meaning such tests will only give clues into an applicant's recent whereabouts.

Refugee Council chief executive Donna Covey said she welcomed the decision to scrap the DNA tests.

She said the tests highlighted the insensitive attitudes of the U.K. Border Agency to refugees and asylum seekers. "It is imperative that people seeking safety in the U.K. are treated with dignity while their asylum claims are processed, and not subjected to unnecessary tests that are shown to be inconclusive." ...

Harris said that even if the genetic tests were not overly intrusive, the perception of authorities taking DNA from asylum seekers is disturbing.
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Asylum – costs
Asylum gravy train
Ted Jeory
Sunday Express, 5 June 2011

A Sunday Express investigation can today reveal the shocking scale of the £1 billion industry that sucks taxpayers' cash out of Britain's asylum chaos.

Foreign companies, private health care providers, property businesses, even a luxury travel agent, are being paid hundreds of millions a year in a bid to contain thousands of illegal migrants.

They are all cashing in on decisions made by the UK Border Agency, which was last week described as "unfit for purpose". Three French companies earned £106 million between them last year. Last night, Tory MP Philip Davies said: "The taxpayer is being screwed and it's time the Government got a grip."

An analysis of the agency's payments to suppliers over the past 12 months shows almost 500 were each paid more than £25,000, totalling £941 million.

The biggest beneficiary was G4S, formerly known as Group 4, which received £96.9 million for running detention centres and providing other security services.

Its competitor, Serco, which runs the colossal Yarl's Wood immigration "removal centre" near Heathrow, was paid £44.3 million.

While these two are well known, the Sunday Express has discovered that £44.7 million was paid to VF Worldwide Holdings Ltd, a Mauritius company that processes applications for visas.

It won a five-year contract in countries such as South Korea, China and Bangladesh in 2007.

Some £67.7 million was paid to the French multinational Sodexo, which profits from providing controversial childcare vouchers to thousands of asylum seekers.

Another France-based company, Carlson Wagonlit, a travel agent, was paid £28.7 million to book flights home for deported asylum seekers.

The company won a contract last year after it emerged civil servants were even hiring private jets for deportations.

The agency also paid £18.7 million to the International Organisation for Migration, a body that gives cash to asylum seekers as an "incentive" to go home.

Another £9.3 million was transferred to French-owned Atos Origin, a medical and IT specialist.

A Border Agency spokesman was last night unable to give more details about how the money is used.

The files also show £443,000 was paid to Paris Appartments, a company that provides luxury flats for agency staff in the French capital.

There is also a long list of property companies receiving millions of pounds from housing refugees.

It includes Clearsprings Management Ltd, which was paid £22.8 million, United Property Management, which pocketed £18.6 million, Priority Properties Northwest with £16 million, and the YMCA in Glasgow, which was paid £6.2 million.

Document storage company Iron Mountain was also paid £6.2 million in the year, while £25.3 million was spent on the Treasury's solicitors department for legal fees.

The Government accounts are only the tip of the iceberg. Tens of millions were also transferred to councils, which then contract out services to more private companies. ...

A Home Office spokesman said: "We have reduced the cost of the asylum support system by over £100 million in the past year."
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Asylum – human rights
Asylum seekers escape deportation by claiming human right to family life
Alasdair Palmer and David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 5 June 2011

Tens of thousands of asylum seekers have been granted British residency under a controversial law allowing them to stay because they have a family in this country.

It emerged last week that 161,000 foreigners had been allowed to remain in Britain as the Government sought to clear a backlog of asylum applications. It was thought the majority were awarded residency because of a legitimate right to remain, but a senior UK Border Agency (UKBA) source has disclosed that officials generally decided not to refuse applications wherever the asylum seeker invoked Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees the "right to family life". This was the decisive factor in winning the right to stay, the source said, rather than evidence they were fleeing persecution. The Home Office also admitted some of those granted leave to remain were criminals whose Article 8 rights were deemed to "trump" the public interest in deporting them.
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Asylum – amnesty
We're fighting a losing battle over asylum seekers
Alasdair Palmer
Sunday Telegraph, 5 June 2011

Seventy per cent of applications for asylum in the UK are rejected. But only one in 10 of those who apply for asylum here will be deported. Although some of the failed asylum seekers go home voluntarily, most of the rest end up staying. Whatever you think about whether we grant too many people asylum, that represents a defeat for the system – and a defeat for the rule of law.

The law says that most of those who settle here after applying for asylum should not be allowed to stay. But stay they do – and after about five years, their initially illegal settlement is endorsed by both the state and the courts. That's why, last week, the Home Affairs Select Committee condemned the situation as "indefensible".

Why isn't the law being enforced? Part of the answer is that we are not very good at keeping tabs on people once they have lodged a claim for asylum. About 20 per cent of the 403,500 people who have applied over the past decade have disappeared: no government official knows whether they have stayed or left the UK. But in asylum's upside-down world, that's "resolving" their claim.

Our asylum law is also full of loopholes, the biggest of which has been made by Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights: our old friend, the "right to family life". If you seek asylum, and you manage to have children here, you gain the right to stay: the children are entitled to live here because they were born here, and the state does not have the right to separate you from them, which is what would happen if it sent you back to your country of origin.

Senior officials at the UK Border Agency, the government organisation responsible for policing immigration and asylum, tell me that the right to family life is the reason why tens of thousands of asylum seekers have been granted leave to remain here permanently without any contest – even though it believes their asylum claims are bogus. There hasn't, as the Select Committee suggested, been a decision to grant a general amnesty. It is simply that the agency's lawyers have looked at the cases of those who have had children while in Britain, and decided that there's no point in going to court: the Government would lose. So there has been a pragmatic decision to throw in the towel.

Anyway, going through the legal procedures can sometimes take years without reaching a definitive conclusion. Ruling on an asylum case in the Court of Appeal in April, Lord Justice Ward said that "I shake my head in despair, if not disbelief, at this extraordinary process, which occupies so much court time." His despair is understandable: the woman at the centre of the case had first sought the right to settle in Britain a decade ago. Her claim was rejected, but she then switched to claiming asylum.

That, too, was rejected, but it slowly worked its way through the maze of appeals until it reached Lord Justice Ward – who found that he could not resolve it either, but had to send it back to an asylum and immigration tribunal. Which means, as he ruefully observed, "another hearing, and more expenditure of public money on legal costs on both sides, probably with more appeals to follow". The woman hasn't yet gained the right to stay here. But she's gained the right to fight her case, which turns out to be a pretty good equivalent.
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Asylum – amnesty
Amnesty shambles lets in 250,000 failed asylum seekers over two decades
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 3 June 2011

A staggering quarter of a million failed asylum seekers have been granted an 'amnesty' in Britain over the past two decades, it emerged last night.

Chaos in the immigration system has forced ministers to allow some 256,000 failed asylum seekers to stay since the early 1990s, according to figures compiled by the MigrationWatch think-tank.

The figure is the equivalent of the population of Brighton being accommodated in Britain.

Hours after MPs on the Home Affairs Select Committee said up to 161,000 failed asylum seekers had been allowed to stay in the most recent 'amnesty', the think-tank's figures painted an even bleaker picture.

They showed that tens of thousands more people had been given permission to remain on three other occasions.

The Daily Mail was accused of scaremongering by the Left-wing pro-immigration lobby in 2007 for revealing Labour's secret plan to offer an amnesty to up to 165,000 asylum seekers.

But now the Home Affairs Select Committee has condemned the 'amnesty' for up to 161,000.

Its report forced Immigration Minister Damian Green on to the defensive. He said it would take 'years' to fix the mess left behind by Labour.

The MigrationWatch research shows that in 1993 to 1994, the then Tory government granted 'exceptional leave to remain' to some 32,000 failed asylum seekers.

Seven years later Labour gave an amnesty to around 37,000 people under what was described as a 'backlog clearing exercise'.

Then between 2003 and 2006 another 25,000 failed asylum seekers were allowed to stay because they had been here so long their removal would have breached human rights laws.

The latest amnesty for 161,000 individuals was begun by Labour after 450,000 cases were found abandoned in boxes.

On top of those, another 74,500 cases have been put in storage because the applicants simply cannot be found.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch said: 'These figures are a measure of the chaos that has been developing in the asylum system for nearly two decades.

'The latest "amnesty" is the last in a series but is by far the biggest.

'The key now is to be far more effective in removing those asylum seekers whose claims fail at the end of a very long and expensive process.'

The most recent Home Office figures showed asylum applications were up 10 per cent last quarter, but the number of illegal immigrants deported fell 5 per cent. ...

The report from the Home Affairs Select Committee said the latest effective amnesty came because of clear blunders in the immigration system.

Asylum seekers have been allowed to stay in Britain after their cases were found abandoned in boxes at the Home Office five years ago in a major immigration scandal.

From the 430,000 cases which have been considered, 161,000 immigrants have been given the right to stay – many simply because they have been here so long.

MPs said this number was so high it 'amounts in effect to an amnesty'. And it said the UK Border Agency was still 'not fit for purpose'.
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Asylum – amnesty
Pilloried by the Left, but now the Daily Mail is proved right
James Slack
Daily Express, 3 June 2011

In December 2007, this paper revealed on its front page that: 'As many as 165,000 asylum seekers are to be granted an "amnesty" to live in Britain'.

At the time, critics in the Left-wing, pro-immigration lobby predictably claimed our report on the plan to clear the backlog of so-called legacy cases was 'scaremongering'.

Yesterday, however, came the official verdict of the Labour-led Home Affairs Select committee on the legacy process: There had indeed been an amnesty – with at least 161,000 beneficiaries.

A further 74,500 cases remain unresolved because the asylum seekers involved cannot be found. In other words, if anything, we underestimated the scale of the scandal.

Of course this is a truly shocking level of incompetence – and hugely expensive for the taxpayer, who must now fund housing and other benefits for asylum seekers who should have been removed years ago.

What is most bewildering, however is the statement from the Tory immigration minister yesterday that: 'There's absolutely no amnesty'.

In opposition, the Tories were in no doubt about what the legacy programme involved. Speaking in 2007, shadow home secretary David Davis told this paper: 'Since these are people who had not been granted the right to remain in the UK . . . means this is effectively a stealth amnesty'. ...

The fact is that this is a mess entirely of Labour's making, on two separate counts.

First, the last government presided over an asylum system that was so shambolic that officials simply could not cope with the numbers pouring in through the nation's porous borders.

Instead of spurious asylum claims being swiftly considered, and failed applicants being turned around and sent back home, files were simply allowed to gather dust. Meanwhile, the claimants themselves disappeared – often into the black economy. By the time ministers realised what had been happening, in 2006, there were 450,000 outstanding cases – some dating back as far as Labour's first days in power.

Even if the applicants could be found – a big if, given the notorious incompetence of the UK Border Agency – they would be able to claim they had been here six, eight or even ten years.

Which leads to Labour's second big mistake: the Human Rights Act. Under Article 8 – the right to privacy and a family life – the claimants would all have been entitled to say they had been in Britain so long it would be unfair to kick them out.

And, inevitably, had they gone to the courts they would have won. ...

Thus, the amnesty process began, with officials rubber-stamping claim after claim, rather than lose in the courts. By the time the Tories came to power last year, it was almost complete and – had ministers wished to stop it – they would have been powerless to do so.

The few remaining claimants would have gone to the courts, claimed a breach of their human rights and won anyway – at even greater cost to the public.

Which is precisely what Mr Green should have been pointing out yesterday.

He should have said, 'Yes, it was an amnesty – just as we said it was in opposition'. He should have added: 'Yes, we have hated having to complete this process'.

Most of all, Mr Green should have said that – on his watch – it will never happen again.

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Asylum – amnesty, border controls
Britain's borders are still wide open to abuse by migrants
David Green
Daily Telegraph, 3 June 2011

Back in 2006, the then home secretary, John Reid, famously denounced the immigration service as "not fit for purpose". A typical Whitehall restructuring followed and, armed with a new name and a new logo, the UK Border Agency (UKBA) set out to clear the backlog of about 450,000 asylum seekers. This week, the House of Commons Home Affairs Committee accused the agency of clearing the backlog by letting the vast majority stay, a policy that it said "amounts to an amnesty". The chairman of the committee, Keith Vaz, concluded that the agency was "still not fit for purpose".

Only 38,000 (9 per cent) of the 403,500 people whose cases had been processed so far had been removed; 161,000 (40 per cent) had been allowed to remain and the other 205,500 (51 per cent) were not accounted for, including about 74,500 who could simply not be traced. ...

... It remains very easy to come and go without showing up in the system, which is why the border agency is unsure whether the people on the backlog are alive or dead, still in the UK, or back home.

What's more, a new backlog of recent applicants had been building up. The committee asked the independent chief inspector of the agency to estimate the size, but he was only able to confirm that there was such a backlog.

...

The immigration minister, Damian Green, insists that there is "absolutely no amnesty", presumably for the understandable reason that he does not want a new generation of asylum seekers to try their luck. And yet ministers have approved guidelines permitting caseworkers to allow applicants to stay if they have lived here undetected for six to eight years, when previously the rule was 10 to 12 years. ...

The cost is enormous. The committee found that housing asylum seekers costs the taxpayers £140 million a year. The hidden costs are larger still.
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Asylum – amnesty
Asylum rules change 'meant amnesty'
The Guardian, 2 June 2011

A change in guidance for border officials created an "amnesty" for asylum seekers, MPs have said.

The UK Border Agency's target of clearing the historic backlog of 450,000 cases by this summer "seems to have been achieved largely through increasing resort to grants of permission to stay", a report found.

Keith Vaz, chairman of the Commons Home Affairs Select Committee, said it was clear the agency was "still not fit for purpose".

Four out of 10 of the cases that have been concluded led to the asylum seeker being allowed to stay in the UK, figures showed.

To clear the backlog, guidance was revised to allow officials to consider granting leave to remain to applicants who had been in the UK for between six and eight years, as opposed to the 10-12 years that applied at the start of the backlog-clearing process, the MPs said.

Some 403,500 cases were concluded, with just 38,000 (9%) having their claims rejected and being removed from the UK. But 161,000 (40%) were granted leave to remain, "such a large proportion that it amounts in effect to an amnesty", the committee said.

Some 74,500 other cases have been sent to the controlled archive "signifying that the applicant cannot be found and the agency has no idea whether or not the applicant remains in the UK, legally or otherwise". In one in six cases, the UKBA "has been completely unable to trace what has happened to the applicant", the MPs said.

Mr Vaz said: "Though progress has been made, it is clear that the UK Border Agency is still not fit for purpose. While there is no doubt that individual caseworkers are dedicated and hard-working, there are serious concerns over the agency's ability to deal with cases and respond to intelligence swiftly and thoroughly."

But Immigration Minister Damian Green denied there was any amnesty for asylum seekers: "There's absolutely no amnesty," he said. "What we've done is get through to the bottom of that huge problem we inherited. The main thing is we've now eliminated this backlog from the system so we can now get on with the everyday job that the previous government couldn't because they had that backlog."

He added that exit checks would be brought back by 2015.
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Asylum – cost
£1.2bn to house asylum seekers
John Ward
Daily Star Sunday, 22 May 2011

Taxpayers have forked out £1.2 billion to house and support asylum seekers in the past three years.

The huge bill was revealed by Immigration Minister Damian Green. ...

The released figures show that in the past three years, the UK Border Agency has splashed out nearly £400 million of taxpayers' money on housing for those claiming asylum.

The Agency also provided a further £192 million in cash support for them in that time period.

Another £407 million was spent providing care for unaccompanied refugee children.

The figures do not include the cost of how much is spent on deporting failed asylum seekers, which would bring the overall cost to around £2 billion. ...

Around 25,000 people a year seek refugee status. But the Border Agency aims to deal with 90% of new asylum claims within six months from application.
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Asylum – Australia
Most asylum seekers to Australia dump their passports
Simon Benson
The Daily Telegraph [Australia], 7 May 2011

More than 80 per cent of asylum seekers arriving in Australia by boat throw away their passports before landing, presenting a security nightmare for ASIO and immigration authorities.

New figures obtained from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship revealed that 5213 people arriving illegally between 2008 and 2010 had first flown to Indonesia before boarding a boat to Australia.

But only 21 of those people still had passports with them by the time they were intercepted in Australian waters.

And less than a quarter of them had any documentation at all, raising the danger that people who posed a security risk could slip through the net.

Immigration Minister Chris Bowen yesterday said no one currently in the system being assessed had failed ASIO checks. But Opposition spokesman for Immigration Scott Morrison said it was impossible to know whether these people were who they claimed to be when they arrived without any identification.

"To travel by air you must have documentation. The decision to discard documentation is an act of defiance and non-co-operation with Australian authorities," he said.

"The absence of documentation also leads to significant delays in processing and security assessment that detainees now complain about.

"The practice of discarding documentation is routine among asylum seekers using people smugglers and is designed to frustrate Australian authorities trying to determine whether a person has a legitimate asylum claim.

"They are clearly counting on being given the benefit of the doubt."
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Asylum – population, north Africa
Britain 'is facing worst asylum crisis for a decade'
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 29 April 2011

Britain could suffer its worst asylum crisis for a decade because of the numbers fleeing north Africa, a think tank warns today.

Thousands of refugees have already arrived in the European Union to escape unrest in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt.

Migration Watch UK says in a report that if many of them head to Britain they will put the asylum system under pressure not seen since the early 2000s. Many will be economic migrants attempting to use the asylum system to stay here, the organisation adds.

It emerged this week that hundreds of Tunisian and Libyan immigrants had set up camp near the Eurostar terminal in Paris and aimed to travel to Britain. ...

Migration Watch warns that some north African countries are struggling with rapidly growing populations. Youth unemployment rates range from 18 per cent in Morocco to 31 per cent in Tunisia. Some 3 million young people are out of work in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia.
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Asylum
New asylum cases backlog builds up
Daily Telegraph, 26 April 2011

A new asylum backlog is building up after figures showed at least 25,000 cases are still stuck in the system, with some dating back five years.

The new pressure comes as the Home Office is on course to clear a historic backlog of 450,000 forgotten asylum cases first discovered in 2006. ...

The latest delays relate to applications submitted since 2006, suggesting a fresh backlog has been building while officials concentrated on the older files.

Figures obtained under the Freedom of Information Act show 25,345 new asylum cases awaiting conclusion. But the figure is likely to be much higher because those figures only relate to applications submitted since 2008.

Separate Home Office monthly statistics indicate some cases submitted since April 2006, when the previous backlog was first discovered, are still "pending".
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Asylum – missing migrants
75,000 asylum seekers have gone missing in past 20 years
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 6 April 2011

Almost 75,000 asylum seekers have gone missing, the head of the UK Border Agency admitted yesterday.

They are among the 450,000 forgotten asylum cases that the Home Office discovered five years ago.

Officials have since been working to trace and conclude the so-called legacy cases, but Jonathan Sedgwick, the acting chief executive of Border Agency, said the whereabouts of 74,500 people remain unknown.

With some cases dating back to the 1990s, they are unlikely to be traced.

Mr Sedgwick also told MPs that only one in 10 of the 450,000 legacy cases had been removed from the country, while almost half had been allowed to stay. ...

Critics said last night that the figures were a "scandal" and accused the Home Office of effectively running an amnesty.

The Home Office admitted in 2006 that a backlog of up to 450,000 files had built up. John Reid, who was home secretary at the time, promised to clear it within five years, by this summer.

In a letter to the home affairs select committee, Mr Sedgwick said 403,000 files had been concluded.

But of those, only 36,000, nine per cent, resulted in a removal, while 161,000 asylum seekers were granted indefinite leave to remain. The time it took for the Home Office to deal with many of the cases meant they had been in Britain so long they could argue their human rights would be breached if they were ordered to leave. The 74,500 missing cases are expected to be consigned to what officials call a controlled archive, because they could not be traced after six months.

It means tens of thousands of asylum seekers who may have no right to stay in Britain may never be found. Mr Sedgwick claimed that some may have left the country voluntarily or died.

He also admitted that some of the 161,000 who were allowed to remain have a criminal record, although no breakdown was available. The rest of the 403,000 concluded cases turned out to be duplicates, errors or EU nationals.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of Migration Watch UK, said: "Of the many scandals in the history of Labour's immigration policy, this is by far the worst.

"We now have 160,000 people entitled to the full welfare state. Had the system been run effectively, most would not have been granted. There will be a burden on the taxpayer for many years to come."
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Asylum – illegal immigrants
Missing: 75,000 asylum seekers
Tom McTague
Daily Mirror, 4 April 2011

Immigration bosses have admitted losing track of 75,000 asylum seekers.

The UK Border Agency has given up on 40,500 people and 34,000 more are unaccounted for, according to new figures.

Immigrants who have disappeared are registered in files which are put aside for six months. Officials then concede defeat on finding them.

The damning confession comes as it emerged cuts to agency staff mean more than 500,000 illegal immigrants who have lived in the UK for more than five years are being allowed to stay.

Keith Vaz, Home Affairs select committee chairman, blasted: "It's absurd. Cuts in Home Office resources mean Britain needs a reliable system of counting and locating those who come into the country now more than ever." Border Agency chief Jonathan Sedgwick admitted losing 75,000 asylum seekers in a letter to the committee.

Despite this, around 8,500 officials' jobs will be axed by 2015 and staff have been told to stop chasing old files and focus on illegal gangs and stopping people coming into the country.

A Home Office source confirmed there were about 500,000 "less important" cases which were being closed.
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Asylum – deportation
Just one in five immigration offenders kicked out of UK
James Slack
Daily Mail, 14 February 2011

Thousands of immigration offenders are being allowed to escape deportation every year, Government figures reveal.

The asylum system is supposed to take a strict stance against those who are caught living in the UK illegally.

But fewer than one in five of those who claimed asylum only after they were caught living here without permission have been kicked out.

Incredibly, more are being given permission to stay than are being removed.

Critics said the figures showed how the previous Labour government had turned Britain into a 'soft touch' for illegal immigrants.

In the past three years alone, only 7,294 of the 40,000 who claimed asylum after being caught breaking immigration rules were kicked out.

This compared with 9,869 - one in four - who were told they could stay. The remainder have either yet to have their cases decided or have dropped out of the system.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch, said: 'These are astonishing figures.

'These people entered illegally in the first place without bothering to claim asylum, so they can hardly be prime candidates.

'Despite that, a quarter of them were granted some sort of protection.

'Worse still, of all those detected, less than one in five have actually been removed. No wonder Britain is considered a soft touch and people are queuing in Calais to get here.' ...

In a blistering report published last February, the Parliamentary ombudsman laid the blame at the door of the last government.

Ann Abraham said Labour was a 'very long way' from running a fast and fair immigration system that deports foreigners with no right to live here.

She found delays and incompetence at almost every level of the asylum and immigration process - with backlogs running to hundreds of thousands of cases.

The ombudsman warned the situation is such a shambles that illegal immigrants could soon benefit from an obscure rule which says those who avoid removal for 14 years can apply to stay here permanently.
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Asylum – illegal immigrants, deportation
Majority of arrested illegal immigrants stay
Daily Telegraph, 11 February 2011

Thousands of illegal immigrants caught in Britain are being allowed to stay after claiming asylum, figures show.

Less than one in five who claimed asylum after being found to be unlawfully in the country in the past three years have been removed.

One in four were granted shelter, according to Home Office figures released to MPs. Since 2008, 40,181 people claimed asylum after being found to be illegal immigrants. Eighteen per cent have been removed, while 25 per cent were granted asylum.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch UK, said: "It is truly shocking that even when an illegal immigrant has been arrested, we find that less than one in five are removed."
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Asylum – benefits, fraud
UK opens asylum door to smuggled children
James Murray
Sunday Express, 6 February 2011

Smuggled children are winning asylum status because the Government has ended biometric tests for those aged five and under, the Sunday Express can reveal.

The softly-softly treatment is a boon to people traffickers and comes in spite of Government pledges to get tough on immigration.

In the past, tests have found the same children were repeatedly being taken to asylum centres under different names with different adults.

Investigators suspected they were being used to help women get housing and other benefits. Last week a Somali woman went to the asylum centre in Croydon, London, with an 18-month-old boy, claiming she had been given him by a stranger she had met in the capital.

She said the man had called to arrange a meeting. He told her the boy was her sister's in Africa, but the mother was unable to look after him so he had been smuggled into Britain.

Because of the new guidelines, it was decided not to carry out biometric tests. He will probably be allowed to remain in the UK for three years and then admitted into the school system. The next stop for the woman, who will probably be allowed to keep him, will be the benefits office.

A source said: "These stories are becoming more common. All the child has to do is put his hand on a machine, which reads the fingerprints. It takes a few seconds and is not at all painful.

"The children are too young to speak, so they cannot be questioned. It is a very clever way of legitimising smuggled children and getting them into the benefits system." Chris Beddoe, director of the child welfare charity ECPAT UK, said she opposed tests for under-fives, partly because children cannot give their consent.

However, she added: "This worrying case raises a whole series of questions about the child's welfare and child protection issues. There needs to be a full police investigation." There was no response from the UK Border Agency.

A recent survey showed 70 per cent of voters think the Government is failing on immigration. A record 238,950 migrants were allowed to stay in Britain last year – 30 per cent up on 2009.
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Asylum – benefits
Dispute over report on 'destitute' asylum seekers
BBC, 4 February 2011

Failed asylum seekers are choosing to live destitute rather than claim benefits, says a Swansea University report commissioned by Oxfam.

It claims thousands live in "social and legal limbo" in the UK because of a discouraging claims system.

Oxfam wants a policy change, but think-tank Migration Watch said the report was misleading and risked reducing support for genuine asylum seekers.

The UK Border Agency said every case was considered on its merits.

The report, published by the Centre for Migration Policy Research at Swansea, said when asylum seekers were refused permission to stay in the UK and choose to appeal they opted to go underground rather than apply for financial support and advice.

The research was carried out by a group of refugees and asylum seekers, who spoke to 45 people who were or had been asylum seekers. ...

Asylum seekers normally receive accommodation and cash support of £35.52 a week while their claims are being investigated.

If they are refused then they are moved to "section four support" which consists of accommodation and a payment card with £35.39 a week to spend in a limited number of shops, on the basis they return home as soon as the UK government considers it is safe.

But the report says that because many have "little faith in the system" and think they have been wrongly denied asylum, they do not apply for the support and advice on offer.

Oxfam wants the UK government to continue cash-based support until refused asylum seekers leave voluntarily, are removed or are granted permission to stay.

The charity also called for a better decision-making process for asylum cases as nearly a third of cases are overturned on appeal which, Oxfam said, highlighted the poor quality of the current system.

But Sir Andrew Green, chair of thinktank Migration Watch UK, criticised the report and said it risked undermining public support for genuine asylum seekers.

"Asylum seekers are supported by the taxpayer right through the asylum process, including the appeal stage, and if they fail they can then be further supported while they make arrangements to return home," he said.

"Failure to remove those who, after a long and expensive process, have no further right to be here can only bring the law itself into disrepute.

"It's time that charities, however well meaning, gave full support to the rule of law on which the whole asylum system depends, otherwise they risk undermining public support for those who really are genuine refugees."

Hugh Ind, UK Border Agency regional director, said that every case was carefully considered on its individual merits, taking into consideration the situation in the country of origin. ...

"We do provide financial support while claims are being dealt with, and no asylum seeker need be destitute while they have a valid reason to be here.

"But we strongly believe that funding those who have found not to be in need of protection would act as an incentive to frustrate the system and stay in the UK."
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Asylum – European Union
EU court ruling 'opens door for asylum seekers'
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 22 January 2011

Thousands of extra asylum seekers will be able to claim refuge in Britain after a human rights ruling in a European court.

Under the so-called Dublin 2 arrangement, European Union countries can send an asylum seeker back to the first member state in which they arrived for their claim to be heard. It was aimed at preventing thousands of migrants sneaking in to Europe through weak borders, then applying for asylum in more attractive, wealthier countries such as Britain.

But the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) yesterday effectively banned anyone being sent to Greece after ruling the poor conditions there violated their human rights.

... Sir Andrew Green, the chairman of Migrationwatch, said: "This ruling will make it impossible to send asylum seekers back to Greece. It will not be long before asylum seekers flock to Greece secure in the knowledge that if they can get to Britain, we will have to deal with their cases."
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Asylum – Australia
Thousands of Afghan asylum seekers face deportation
Yuko Narushima
The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 January 2011

Australia has the green light to deport thousands of Afghan asylum seekers after reaching a historic agreement with the Afghan government.

The Immigration Minister, Chris Bowen, signed a memorandum of understanding with the Afghan Refugee Minister, Jamaher Anwary, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Sydney yesterday.

It enables the forced return of Afghans whose bids for asylum fail. The move is alarming security experts and refugee advocates. ...

About 2600 Afghans are in Australia's detention centres. Of those, 49 must win court appeals to avoid imminent deportation.

The opposition was sceptical about the agreement, saying it was only as good as the government's will to enforce it. "The minister is unable to say when anyone is going to be returned," said its immigration spokesman, Scott Morrison. "It's not clear to me the government has the resolve to implement this."

In three years, only three asylum seekers have been returned to Afghanistan - all last year after volunteering to go. In 2008 and 2009, 126 people were returned to their countries of origin. ...

The Australian government has promised money to help Afghanistan improve its passport system and accommodation for returned asylum seekers.
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Asylum – border controls
Asylum seekers 'lost without trace'
The Guardian, 11 January 2011

At least 60,000 asylum seekers will be lost without trace as the UK Border Agency (UKBA) struggles to clear its backlog of claims, MPs have said.

They will be left in limbo as their claims are consigned to a growing pile of applications unlikely to ever be resolved, the Commons Home Affairs Select Committee said.

Of the backlog of up to 450,000 claims identified in 2006, at least one in seven "will be concluded on the basis that the UK Border Agency (UKBA) has been completely unable to trace what has happened to the applicant", the MPs said.

In a critical report, the MPs found the UKBA was "still failing to meet expectations" with delays and backlogs being attributed "at least in part to inadequate decision-making in the first instance".

"While we agree that the UK Border Agency should not spend unlimited time trying to track down missing applicants, we are concerned about the high proportion of cases which will be left, in effect, in limbo," the report said. "Again, this points to the vital need to deal with cases as expeditiously as possible and not to let backlogs grow." ...

The backlog of up to 450,000 unresolved asylum cases first emerged in 2006, with some dating back more than a decade. Several steps have been taken to clear the backlog and asylum seekers who have not been able to be traced by UKBA officials, and who have not appeared on watchlists for at least six months, are consigned to a "controlled archive".

UKBA's outgoing chief executive Lin Homer told the committee that very few of these would "come alive again", meaning they were unlikely ever to be decided.
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Asylum – refugees, economic migration
It's not the Home Office's fault – the UN Convention on Refugees is not fit for purpose [part 1]
Ed West
Daily Telegraph website, 11 January 2011

The cases of some 61,000 asylum seekers have been closed without the applicant having been traced, according to a new report by the Home Affairs Select Committee.

They represent one in seven of the 450,000-strong backlog that the Home Office admitted to in 2006, an admission which led to the ministry being labelled "not fit for purpose". ...

But more disturbingly, this paper reported:

The report also warned a fresh asylum backlog could be building up because only six in ten new cases are being dealt within the target time of six months.


Well, what a surprise – the state cannot physically manage the problem of large-scale refugee applications. "Asylum seekers" is one of those late-Nineties, early-Noughties phrases you don't hear about much these days, like "political correctness gone mad". The reason is that after the turn of the Millennium the Labour Government realised they could kill two birds with one stone – dealing with the problem of refugees and flooding the market with cheap labour – by simply turning refugees into economic immigrants. As Home Secretary David Blunkett said when he addressed the Social Market Foundation in June, having remarked that most asylum seekers were actually seeking economic migration:

So why not facilitate that economic migration? Why not open up in greater degree the opportunity for people to come here, to work here, to develop their family here openly and legally. I have doubled the number of work permits this year to 150,000. We have opened up new immigration routes in terms of skilled workers and in terms of those who are coming for a short stay or for seasonal work. We need, in Government, to get agreement in service sector, low skill, no skill work, to be able to do the same.


Of course it makes sense, because the division between "asylum seeker" and "economic migrant" is a pretty vague one at best. What's the moral difference between a man who wants to escape to the west to escape a barbaric government, and one who wants to escape grinding poverty for him and his family? Both are morally worthy and, as human beings, both should elicit our sympathy. But the numbers involved make such a welcoming system impossible.

The 1951 Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees was created in response to the displacement of people in Europe following World War Two. It was designed for a world of 2 billion people and three dozen nation-states and empires, not one of almost 7 billion people, countless dictatorships and theocracies, and one where technology makes intercontinental movement feasible for billions.

And the world has changed: there were 75 million external migrants in 1965, 105 million in 1985 and 150m in 2000. In 1972 there were 13,000 asylum seekers in western Europe; by the early 1990s there were half a million.

The Convention on Refugees has also led to the opening up of a people trafficking industry, as John Tincey, a former front-line immigration case-worker, told Prospect magazine editor David Goodhart in a BBC radio programme last year that in the very late 1980s and into the early 1990s the system allowed criminal organisations to traffic people.
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Asylum – refugees, economic migration
It's not the Home Office's fault – the UN Convention on Refugees is not fit for purpose [part 2]
Ed West
Daily Telegraph website, 11 January 2011

He said: "The big advantage is that when you get there, you claim asylum. You're guaranteed to be able to stay there while your asylum claim is assessed. You'll probably never be sent home. And the important thing is you will be allowed to work.

"If you're not allowed to work, the government will give you money, the government will give you a house to live in, and basically there are lots of other ways you can earn money on the side – sub-letting your accommodation, that kind of thing."

And what does the future hold? In 2050 Pakistan will have 305 million people, Nigeria 258 million, Bangladesh 243 million, DR Congo 177 million, Ethiopia 189 million and Uganda 127 million. A Malthusian I am not, but clearly the supply of people willing to enter Europe will not dry up.

That the number of refugees has dipped slightly in recent years is not because the world's problems are ending. As well as directing some refugees towards economic migration, the Home Office realised that as the number of people with the legitimate right to stay in Britain under the UN treaty is enough to outnumber the current population, the best legal way to deal with it is try to make the process of applying as humiliating and unpleasant as possible (including the imprisonment of children). But even this faces legal problems; in July 2010 the Supreme Court decided unanimously that refugees from countries where sexuality is persecuted cannot, as the Home Office suggested, stay at home and just hide their sexuality, and must be given asylum. Yet homosexuality is a crime in 75 countries around the world, and punishable by death in five – and sexuality is not something the Home Office or anyone else can easily determine.

It's not that the Home Office is unfit for purpose, but the very concept of asylum, an outdated and unworkable relic from the mid-20th century, is. I don't envy the politician who finally has to admit this and make the heartbreaking decision to close the door, but eventually someone will have to.
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BENEFITS AND COSTS

Benefits and costs
Economists urge rethink on immigration in Britain-FT
Michelle Martin
London South East / Reuters, 21 November 2011

A group of economists is urging British Chancellor George Osborne to defend his pro-growth agenda by modifying immigration curbs that would damage the nation's competitiveness and growth, the Financial Times said on Monday.

In a letter to the newspaper, the economists expressed criticism of forthcoming changes to Home Office policy which are expected to limit economic migrants from outside the European Union to a five-year stay, after which those who did not earn a high enough salary would have to return home, the newspaper reported.

The economists said changes which discourage migrants from coming to Britain would be 'deeply damaging' to the competitiveness of the country's science and research sectors, as well as the wider economy.

'The policy could almost have been designed to deter the migrants whom we most want and, for those who do come, to expel many of those we would most like to remain,' the letter reads, according to the FT.
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Benefits and costs – border controls, multiculturalism
Life is one long party for foreign benefits cheats
Leo McKinstry
Daily Express, 14 November 2011

The immigration system continues its descent into chaos.

Instead of upholding the integrity of Britain's borders our Government presides over the accelerating destruction of our nation through a growing influx of foreigners.

Every week brings new revelations about the poisonous mix of negligence, incompetence and politically correct ideology that prevails within the Home Office. Typical of this culture of crisis is the deepening scandal over the relaxation of controls at Britain's ports. ...

Whatever the truth about where blame really lies, this episode is a graphic indicator of how the Tory-led coalition has so far failed on immigration.

The Conservatives came to power promising a tough approach after years of Labour's dogma-driven anarchy but their rhetoric has not been matched by reality. Our frontiers are as porous as ever.

The number of arrivals is still rising, up to 586,000 in the first year of the coalition.

Ministers whine about the difficulties of their task. But this is a lot of excuse-making nonsense. Even in our age of globalisation it should still be straightforward to maintain our borders since, unlike most in the Western world, we are an island nation.

Nor is this mainly an EU problem as the politicians like to pretend, since most immigrants come from outside Europe, with the majority from Asia, Africa and the Caribbean.

The real issue is an absence of political will to uphold our national identity.

Having swallowed fashionable drivel about the joys of multicultural diversity, our ruling elite despises the concepts of Britishness, patriotism and the national interest. The political class would rather work itself into a froth of indignation about equality than protect Britain.

This breakdown in fighting spirit is epitomised by an appalling case that emerged over the weekend.

The saga of Mohamed Bouzalim, an African fraudster and failed asylum seeker, encapsulates everything that has gone wrong with our immigration system. ...

Not only was he given £66,000 a year in payments but he was even permitted to bring some of his relatives to Britain as his so-called "carers". ... ...

Now on trial he has pleaded guilty to 11 charges of fraud, deception and illegal entry while several relatives have also admitted dishonesty. ...

It is estimated that he was paid £400,000 in benefits, an outrageous sum when the Government says in this new age of austerity it cannot look after British people.

Only last week it was reported that former British soldier Mark Mullins and his disabled wife Helen jointly committed suicide because they could not face another winter on benefits of just £57 a week yet this fraudulent Moroccan was receiving 20 times as much.

These are the ethics of the madhouse. The social contract between government and people has been shattered.
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Benefits and costs – translating and interpreting
Court translators cost £25 million in just six years
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 1 November 2011

Providing translators at crown courts has cost taxpayers more than £25 million in the last six years – an astonishing £11,437 a day – it was revealed yesterday.

On top of that the Ministry of Justice estimates magistrates courts spend between £9 million and £11 million a year on witness services, including translation.

Translating legal documents by courts cost a further £360,000 in the past three years.

Added together, these sums could push the cost of court translation since 2005 towards an astonishing £100 million. ...

Among the most requested interpreters to help defendants, witnesses and victims were Polish, Romanian, Urdu, Somali, Kurdish and Russian speakers.

It is not only visitors from overseas who get help. Huge sums are also paid to provide translation for long-term residents.

A judge recently hit out at Bangladeshi taxi driver Zamal Uddin, 44, who had an interpreter during his trial for sexual assault on a passenger despite having worked in Britain for 20 years. ...

Earlier this year it was revealed that police forces spent £82 million on translators in the last three years, enough to employ an extra 3,542 constables.
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Benefits and costs – health services
NHS writes off more than £40m in unpaid bills owed by foreign nationals
Daily Mail, 19 October 2011

Foreign nationals who are treated medically in the UK but do not pay their NHS bills have cost the service more than £40 million, a Tory MP claimed today.

Chris Skidmore discovered 118 trusts had written off a staggering £42 million - and believes the total figure could be more than £50 million as he is still due responses from another 66 trusts.

The MP for Kingswood, Bristol, made the revelation in the Commons as senior Labour MP Keith Vaz, chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, said all foreign nationals should sign an agreement when entering the country not to claim free treatment on the NHS.

Health Minister Simon Burns said the Government was aware of the problem and was looking at banning foreign nationals from re-entering the UK if they had an unpaid bill for treatment on the NHS.

According to figures collated by Mr Skidmore's office, Guy's and St Thomas's NHS Foundation Trust in London is the worst offender.

It has written off £6.2 million since 2004 and has another £1.8 million of outstanding debt it is still hoping to collect.

Croydon Health Services has written off £1.6 million but elsewhere in the country the figures are much lower. ...

Under current rules, foreign nationals residing in the UK and paying taxes are entitled to free treatment on the NHS while the bill for European Union citizens is sent to their home country.

But visitors from outside the EU are expected to either have health insurance or they are sent the bill. Many leave the UK after receiving treatment without paying it.
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Benefits and costs – child benefit
£42m child benefit sent abroad
James Murray and Matthew Davis
Sunday Express, 2 October 2011

Child benefit worth £42 million is being sent abroad each year – while British families are being squeezed by the cash crisis, we can reveal today.

Most of the cash goes to eastern Europe, with Poland top of the list.

Every month more than £2 million is sent to Polish children, who already enjoy a higher quality of life than those living here.

Of the £42 million sent abroad, £30 million goes to youngsters in eastern Europe.

Payments are usually far more generous than any government benefits in those countries.

British benefits for Polish children are 515 per cent higher than local workers could claim on their own welfare system – which could explain the huge surge in claims here in recent years.

While the Warsaw government pays £3.30 per week per child, Polish claimants here get £20.30 for one child, a difference of £17 per week. ...

As more eastern Europeans settle in Britain, the cost of paying child benefit to their families back home is expected to rise to a total of £45 million per year by 2015.
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Benefits and costs
An EU ruling that Cameron must fight
Fraser Nelson
Spectator blog, 29 September 2011

A showdown with the EU may come sooner than we expect. The European Commission has today threatened to sue David Cameron's government unless it starts letting EU citizens come here to claim benefits. Until now, any EU citizen could live here, but if they couldn't find work, they were not entitled to claim benefits. This was widely accepted. Today, the EU has issued a statement saying:

'Under UK law, certain social security benefits - namely Child Benefit, Child Tax Credit, State Pension Credit, Income-based Allowance for Jobseekers, Income-based Employment and Support Allowance - are only granted to persons with a "right to reside" in the UK. Other EU nationals have to fulfil additional conditions in order to pass a so-called 'right to reside' test. This means the UK indirectly discriminates against nationals from another Member State.'

This is a calamity. I am a defender of the free movement of workers, to the chagrin of some CoffeeHousers, and I'm proud to live in one the most tolerant countries in the world. ...

But, at a time when Hungary is sending its unemployed off to labour camps, there now is a real prospect of welfare tourism: people coming here and signing on and asking for a council house too. The British government may hate it, but they'll be told – by a judge in Luxembourg if necessary – that this is what's going to happen. ...

Cameron has to fight. The British government is paying for 5.7 million on benefits now: this is much too much, without being ordered by Brussels to provide benefits and housing for anyone who turns up and claims it. Even those, like me, who defend mass immigration can't make the case for an influx of the welfare dependent. It threatens to destroy public support for immigration.
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Benefits and costs – multiculturalism
Council translations discourage immigrants from learning English, claims politician
Richard Alleyne
Daily Telegraph, 27 September 2011

Expensive translations of leaflets by local authorities should be stopped in order to force immigrants to learn English, the council leader of the Prime Minister's constituency has claimed.

Keith Mitchell, who heads Oxfordshire County Council, also said that taxpayers' money should not be spent on providing language lessons as incomers should fund them themselves.

He said that by making it tougher for foreigners it would actually force them to fit in and integrate more quickly.

Mr Mitchell, a Conservative, said people moving to Britain who did not learn the language risked seeing their children lag behind and struggle academically.

In February, it was revealed that the literacy and numeracy skills of Oxfordshire primary school pupils for whom English is a second language were significantly lower than for similar-aged children elsewhere in the UK. ...

Oxfordshire county council's website includes information in Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Hindi, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi and Urdu, and a "life guide" to settling in Oxfordshire is published in Chinese, Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Portuguese and Romanian.

..

Latest figures, for 2008, revealed that Oxfordshire county council spent £92,500 on translations. ...

But Ali Akkas, who founded the Oxfordshire Bangladeshi Association, warned that "people could be put at risk" if information was not available in their native language.

He said a 2005 Department of Health study into drug abuse within Oxfordshire's Bangladeshi community found a lack of advice available in Bengali and the Sylheti dialect had contributed to the problem.

The report said that only 15 per cent of those interviewed felt comfortable reading English, and it said better language support for minorities was needed.
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Benefits and costs – multiculturalism, education
Uncontrolled immigration is destroying Britain's literacy
Abhijit Pandya
Daily Mail, 27 September 2011

Most parents are terrified about which school their child will end up in. And they have good reason to be.

According to recent OECD research into student skills, Britain was eighth of all countries globally in mathematics and seventh in literacy in 2000.

After a decade of billions spent by Labour on education the UK has miraculously dropped to 24th in the maths rankings and 17th in the literacy rankings.

There is a critically important, much over-looked, factor playing a not so subtle role in declining standards: Mass unselective immigration. ...

Migration figures support the fact that there are significant numbers of new arrivals from countries that have very poor numerical and verbal literacy rates. Many of the states of origin of new migrants have no system of cohesive curricula and very few schools that actually function effectively.

Thus there are a bulk of children in the UK today that can get very little early direction towards, both numerical and verbal, literacy from their parents. The burden of educating these folk now falls squarely and unfairly on British tax-payers, at the expense of their own children that continue to be squeezed out from schools, particularly those surrounding inner city migrant ghettos.

According to the Office of National Statistics, between the years 2000 and 2009 there were over 250,000 migrants into the UK from the African continent, where illiteracy is rife. To take a further example, by 2001 between 45,000 and 95,000 Somalis had arrived in Britain from a country where less than four tenths of people are literate. Hence, roughly, 18,000 Somalis would have needed tax-payers money thrown at them to be able to read and write.

This costly assistance would apply not just in teaching them English, but also if any improvement had to be made in using their own language. Whether many of them can speak English is, shockingly, unknown. This is primarily because speaking decent English is, unbelievably, not a requirement for gaining entry into the UK. ...

Our current weak school system is unable to adequately deal with the literacy gap that is posed by many children of migrants from low literacy nations. This forms an unnecessary economic burden that has to be remedied by our increasingly overburdened failing school system with its myriad of claustrophobic class-rooms shoved to the brim with migrant off-spring.

It is not, however, unsurprising that many migrants do not, after several years in the UK, speak more than a few words of English. Considering the unjustifiable thousands of pounds that continue to be thrown on translators for local authority literature and endless interpreters for legal processes, there is little incentive to do so.

The coalition has done nothing to encourage the learning of English by curbing back translations and interpreters. If we can't help the parents to learn our language, there is probably very little we can do to inspire their children. Our own children suffer when they learn to communicate socially with those with lesser language skills, a point colourfully made by the eminent historian David Starkey when being interviewed about the recent London riots. ...
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Benefits and costs – economy, politics
Labour is wrong to apologise for its record on immigration
Jonathan Portes, director of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research
The Independent - blogs, 27 September 2011

It appears to have become conventional wisdom in the Westminster village that the previous Labour government was wrong to give immediate access to the UK labour market to citizens of the new Member States of East and Central Europe that joined in 2004. ...

This has long been the Conservative view; now most of the Labour leadership appears to have conceded the point. Yvette Cooper ..., the Shadow Home Secretary, speaking on the Today programme this morning, was the latest, saying "we should have introduced transitional controls".

They are wrong, and the government of the time was right. A myth has grown up, bolstered again by Yvette's comments, that the main reason the government granted immediate access was because of the supposed "Home Office forecast" (actually, not a forecast, and not the work of the Home Office) that only 13,000 migrants would arrive. In fact, there were three far more important arguments for the decision.

First, the broader geopolitical one. The UK had long been the most vigorous proponent of membership for the countries of the former Eastern bloc; they were seen (correctly) as likely allies for the UK's generally liberal positions in EU debates. So the decision was seen as a way of cementing our relationship with them, and in particular the Polish government.

Second, the economics. The UK labour market was in good shape; and all the analysis suggested that immigrant workers – particularly the reasonably well educated and motivated ones likely to arrive from the new Member States – were likely to boost the UK's economy without doing much if any damage to the prospects of native workers.

And third, the practicalities. Free movement is an absolute right within the EU, so we couldn't stop the new citizens coming here; we could only stop them (for a while) working legally. The assumption was that if we did so, they'd still come, and still work, just not legally. This hardly seemed like an attractive alternative.

All of these arguments were correct at the time. And on the economics in particular, the analysis has been vindicated. There have been three major studies looking at the aspects of the economic and labour market impact of the migrants from the new Member States: ... ...

So; the new migrants get jobs, contribute to the economy, pay taxes, don't use many public services, and don't take jobs from natives. What, exactly, is the problem? The decision was correct at the time, and the UK should be proud that, unlike most of the existing Member States, it was prepared to take that decision on the basis of rational argument and good analysis, rather than fear and prejudice. ...

Finally, and more broadly, it is depressing to see politicians of both parties implicitly presenting immigration as a problem to be managed, controlled and if possible reduced, rather than an opportunity.
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Benefits and costs – health services
Overseas patients owe health service £60m
Josie Ensor and Martin Beckford
Daily Telegraph, 26 September 2011

Overseas patients owe the NHS almost £60 million in unpaid medical bills, with foreign governments among those with the biggest debts, The Daily Telegraph has learnt.

The figures, which cover the past six years, show an increase in the number of visitors leaving the country without paying for treatment.

Embassies and foreign governments have run up debts of nearly £6 million at two London hospitals after failing to pay for non-emergency treatment, according to figures released under the Freedom of Information Act.

More than £4 million is owed to Great Ormond Street children's hospital by Middle Eastern governments that arrange for children to have treatments not available in their own countries.

While much of the debt is still being chased, more than half has been abandoned or written off. ...

Urgent treatment is always available to overseas visitors, regardless of their residence status or ability to pay, but non-urgent treatment should not go ahead without the NHS first receiving payment. ...

The figures reveal that hospitals threatened with closures over mounting debts have written off some of the highest amounts. Imperial College trust, which is £100 million in debt and in the process of making major cuts, is owed £2.5 million and has written off a further £2 million.

The trust for Chase Farm hospital, in north London, which received a bail-out from the Challenged Trust Board and is being forced to close its A&E department, has a foreign debt of £2.5 million.

The Government recently introduced a policy to deny new visas to tourists with outstanding NHS payments.

The burden on the taxpayer is expected to increase next year with one million extra visitors and foreign dignitaries attending the Olympics in London.

Separate figures show that European governments owe £38.5 million to Britain under the system that allows visitors free emergency treatment on the NHS.

Statistics released in a Parliamentary written question show that almost half of the total owed in the European Health Insurance Card scheme, £17.2 million, is due from Ireland.
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Benefits and costs – education
Migrants are better qualified than workers born in UK, says study
Richard Garner
The Independent, 14 September 2011

Migrants are better qualified and holding down better-paid jobs than people born in the UK, according to a major international study published yesterday.

Figures show that 34 per cent of migrants in the UK have a post-school qualification; 4.9 percentage points higher than the figure for non-immigrants. They are also better paid than migrants in most other countries and UK-born workers, putting less of a strain on the benefit system, according to research by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

A quarter of international students from outside Europe complete their studies in the UK and stay on in the country, said Andreas Schleicher, head of the indicators and analysis division at the OECD and author of the report. "The benefits to your economy from them are great," he said. ...

"Migrants tend to be better qualified with a higher proportion of degree holders," Mr Schleicher added. "It is a very interesting factor that often gets lost in the public debate about immigration."

Yesterday's report also revealed that poorly qualified UK adults had been some of the hardest hit by the recession in the entire world. Figures showed the employment rate amongst 15- to 29-year-olds without at least five A* to C grade GCSE passes had fallen from 65.6 per cent to 56.9 per cent – a slump four times higher than the international average.

"Adults (without the equivalent of five top-grade GCSE passes) have borne the brunt of the economic crisis and seen a marked drop in their employment prospects between 2008 and 2009 [the years of the study's findings]," said the report. It added that this showed "significant vulnerability for individuals with less education".

The survey also showed that the UK trails behind other countries in the percentage of young people going into higher education, despite a massive increase in the past decade. And, of the 30 countries in the survey, 25 had higher rates of 15- to 19-year-olds in education and 27 had a higher rate of 20- to 29-year-olds in education.
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Benefits and costs – USA
Undocumented workers got billions from IRS in tax credits, audit finds
Lisa Rein
Washington Post, 2 September 2011

The Internal Revenue Service allowed undocumented workers to collect $4.2 billion in refundable tax credits last year, a new audit says, almost quadruple the sum five years ago.

Although undocumented workers are not eligible for federal benefits, the report released Thursday by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration concludes that federal law is ambiguous on whether these workers qualify for a tax break based on earned income called the additional child tax credit.

Taxpayers can claim this credit to reduce what they owe in taxes, often getting refunds from the government. The vagueness of federal law may have contributed to the $4.2 billion in credits, the report said.

The IRS said it lacks the authority to disallow the claims. ...

Wage earners who do not have Social Security numbers and are not authorized to work in the United States can use what the IRS calls individual taxpayer identification numbers. Often these result in fraudulent claims on tax returns, auditors found.

Their data showed that 72 percent of returns filed with taxpayer identification numbers claimed the child tax credit.
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Benefits and costs – police, translation
Using translators costs police forces £82m in three years
Daily Telegraph, 19 August 2011

Police forces have spent £82 million on translators in the past three years.

The bill, enough to pay for an extra 3,542 constables each year, was disclosed after a Freedom of Information request by Police Review magazine. ...

More than 300 languages are spoken in the UK, with London being the biggest "melting pot". ...

The money was spent on face-to-face interpreting, telephone interpreting services and translating written material.

The most commonly translated languages were Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Cantonese, Kashmiri and Polish.
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Benefits and costs – housing
Migrant housing costs '£1bn a year'
The Guardian, 17 August 2011

The cost of providing social housing for migrants who come to Britain will hit £1 billion a year for the next 25 years, campaigners say.

MigrationWatch UK said 45 extra homes would need to be built every day, the equivalent of 1,400 a month, with each one funded by a public sector grant of around £60,000.

As waiting lists for social housing have increased in England over the last eight years, the campaigners also found that migrants from outside the EU were more likely to live in social housing than those born in the UK.

Just 17% of those born in the UK require social housing, compared with 80% of migrants from Somalia, 49% of those from Turkey and 41% of those from Bangladesh.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch UK, said: "The impact of immigration on the availability of social housing for British people has been airbrushed out for too long.

"Either the Government must cut immigration very substantially as they have promised or they must invest very large sums in the construction of extra social housing."

Its report found the Government projected that the number of households in England would increase by 232,000 each year to 2033, but would be just 149,000 with no net migration.

This "implies that net immigration over this period will lead to 83,000 additional households each year", the campaign group said.

In its calculation, the report authors assumed that 20% of migrant households will need social housing, "in line with the proportion of migrants who already have social housing tenures now after living for five or more years in the UK" - the equivalent of 16,600 a year or 45 every day.

It also found that social housing units are currently funded "on average with around £60,000 of public sector grant", taking the total cost to about £1 billion a year.
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Benefits and costs – benefits, pensions, European Union
EU demands that Britain admit immigrants intending to go straight on to benefits
Daniel Hannan
Daily Telegraph blogs, 2 August 2011

The European Commission may finally have hit on an issue that jerks Britain from its euro-torpor – an issue that simultaneously presses the buttons of border control, welfare abuse and Brussels intrusiveness. Whether from hubris, power-hunger or from sheer stupidity, Eurocrats are demanding that Britain stop asking immigrants to show that they won't immediately start accessing the social security system.

As the law stands, people wishing to settle in Britain must demonstrate that they have the means to support themselves, either through work or through an alternative source of income such as a pension. The European Commission claims that this amounts to discrimination against EU citizens, who are supposed to enjoy the same rights as British nationals.

In fact, as so often happens, Eurocrats are disregarding the plain text of their own rules. Article 7(1) of the Free Movement Directive gives EU citizens the right to reside in another member state only if they have "sufficient resources for themselves and their family members not to become a burden on the social assistance system of the host Member State".

In order to get around this clause, the European Commission is deploying a piece of sheer sophistry. It argues that, if immigrants were able to top up their income with British benefits, they would have "sufficient resources".

In May, the Supreme Court ruled on the claim of a Latvian pensioner, who had just moved to Britain and had demanded Pension Credit on grounds that her Latvian pension was too small. Although our courts like to rule in favour of immigrants, the law here was so clear-cut that, by 4-1, judges turned her down. If the European Commission were to get its way, she would not only be able to claim Pension Credit, but also council tax and housing subsidies – despite not having paid a penny into the system.

... If every EU resident over the age of 66 whose income came to less than £140 a week were able to draw a British pension, the system would be bankrupted. Are we past caring?
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Benefits and costs – wages, low-paid, politics
In defence of Maurice Glasman [part 1]
David Green
New Statesman blog, 29 July 2011

He has spoken up for the low-paid workers whose standard of life has been forced down by excessive immigration.

In the last two issues of the New Statesman, Maurice Glasman is to be found apologising for his remarks about immigration, but many rank and file Labour voters will be wondering why. He said nothing that was untrue or lacking in balance. As a long-standing campaigner for a living wage he will have been acutely aware that opening the borders to a sudden increase in newcomers has driven wages down, especially for the least well paid.

The same point has been repeatedly made by Polly Toynbee in the Guardian, and so far she has not been forced to recant in public. Here she is in 2005:

"The implication is that these Londoners are so thick or lazy that we need cheap foreigners for catering, caring and cleaning who can take low pay while sleeping on friends' floors in this expensive city. But what part of the good society does this help to create? It makes restaurants cheap for the well-off and lowers taxes, while public services are manned by those on sub-survivable pay."

And again in 2006: "Poor families in this most expensive city can't pay for childcare, and compete for jobs with single migrants willing to take less than a living wage. But the rich prosper: restaurants, cleaners and all other services are cheaper because wages are low."

And once more in 2010, when she criticised Gordon Brown for "boasting frequently" about low wage inflation growth, by which he meant: "Foreigners willing to work harder for less do hold down pay, especially in the care and hospitality sectors still not covered by the Gangmasters Act." Immigration is "wonderful for employers and the affluent wanting cheap nannies, cleaners and plumbers - bad for the unemployed, many of whom would have been skilled-up for the jobs otherwise.' Controlling the borders, she thought, was 'a first duty of government. Sudden and unexpected immigration has abruptly changed the nature of some communities."

Maurice Glasman was speaking with the authentic voice of Labour voters. About three quarters of Labour voters want tighter immigration controls. A YouGov poll in May this year found that 76 per cent of Labour voters supported government measures 'to limit the number of economic migrants from outside the EU who are entitled to work in Britain'. Only 18 per cent were opposed. The trouble is that the 18 per cent includes the people who write articles for the New Statesman and the 76 per cent have to rely on the bravery of people like Maurice Glasman.
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Benefits and costs – wages, low-paid, politics
In defence of Maurice Glasman [part 2]
David Green
New Statesman blog, 29 July 2011

Back in August 2006 Home Secretary, John Reid, in a speech at Demos tried to take the emotion out of the debate: "In my view mass migration and the management of immigration is now the greatest challenge facing all European governments. We have to get away from the notion that anyone who wants to talk about immigration is somehow a racist." But the issue still makes some of the more sensitive party intellectuals so uncomfortable that they would rather not think about it. And yet most developed countries have an immigration policy, not least because the sheer weight of numbers can cause problems. The more crowded the country, the more necessary is an immigration policy. The UK is already one of the most densely populated parts of the world, with double the population density of France and eight times that of America. England, on its own, is more densely populated than India. The consequences for house prices, traffic jams, school places, wages, and hospital waiting lists are there for all to see.

A UK study for the Low Pay Commission looked at the impact of immigration between 1997 and 2005 and concluded that the arrival of economic migrants benefited workers in the middle and upper part of the wage distribution, but placed downward pressure on the wages of workers on lower levels of pay. Over the period, wages at all points of the wage distribution increased but the UCL study concluded that wages in the lowest quartile would have increased faster without the effect of immigration. They estimated that for each one per cent increase in the ratio of immigrants to natives in the working age population there was a 0.5 per cent decrease in the wages of the lowest tenth of workers.

It is often said that immigrants will do the jobs British people don't want, but this question is entirely a matter of pay and conditions. People will do dirty or hard jobs if they are paid enough. Employers want to pay as little as possible; whereas workers understandably want a living wage. The campaign for a London Living Wage is seeking only £7.85 – not much to ask for. The inescapable fact is that immigration produces winners and losers - and the poorest members of society have been the losers.

The impact on housing has also been severe, especially in London. First time buyers have been priced out of the market. Immigration has not been the only factor, but it has had a major and decisive influence on prices. We can compare the ratio of average prices to average incomes in the UK over time. In 1980 the ratio was 2.3, but by 2009 during the height of mass immigration, the ratio had nearly doubled to 4.5. ...

Such realities no doubt explain why opinion surveys consistently show a majority against mass immigration. A YouGov survey in 2008 asked whether immigration should be 'stopped', 'reduced but not stopped', or 'increased': 23 per cent said it should be stopped; 61 per cent thought it should be reduced but not stopped and only 2 per cent that it should be increased.

...

Instead of being pressurised into public recantations, Maurice Glasman should be given a special Labour party medal for the moral courage he has displayed in speaking up for the powerless low-paid workers whose standard of life has been forced down by excessive immigration.
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Benefits and costs – legal aid
Millions in legal aid for asylum seekers was misspent by collapsed immigration charity
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 12 July 2011

Millions of pounds in legal aid for immigrants and asylum seekers was misspent by a Government-backed charity, it emerged last night.

The Immigration Advisory Service has collapsed into administration after auditors uncovered the financial irregularities.

The charity received £15 million a year to pay for lawyers and legal advice for 27,000 migrants trying to stay in the country.

But an internal audit revealed hundreds of cases where funding went to ineligible applicants.

Auditors were shocked to discover that in other cases there was no paperwork to show money was properly spent.

The charity's bosses also said some recipients had claimed money 'in error' because of complex Government rules.

One successful asylum claimant was granted funding to which he was not entitled to help bring his family into the country.

However, there is no suggestion of any deliberate fraud. Critics said the revelations showed tighter checks were needed.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of the think-tank Migrationwatch UK, said: 'This is a shocking abuse of taxpayers' money. Huge sums of public money have been given to the asylum and immigration industry – tens of millions every year.

'It is time that the controls on that expenditure were tightened up to prevent the taxpayer being taken to the cleaners again.'

The IAS was the largest legal immigration charity in the UK and funded 13,000 asylum and 14,000 immigration cases last year. It had more than 300 staff in 14 offices across the country.
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Benefits and costs – Republic of Ireland
Burton asks EU for rule change on child benefit
Jamie Smyth
Irish Times, 17 June 2011

The Government will ask EU states today to support its proposal to amend EU rules governing the payment of child benefit to parents living in Ireland who claim for non-resident children.

Minister for Social Protection Joan Burton said yesterday she wanted the European Commission to carry out an impact assessment on how EU regulations on benefit payments are affecting national social welfare systems. ...

The Department of Social Protection is paying child benefit in respect of 7,814 children living in other EU states to some 4,923 families based in Ireland.

The cost of making child benefit payments to families of non-resident children in 2010 was €15.4 million, the department says.

This cost soared to €20.9 million in 2008, up from €720,000 in 2005, due to high levels of immigration from central and eastern Europe from 2004 onwards. ...

Parents from EU states who travel to Ireland to work are eligible for the same level of child benefit payments as Irish parents, even when they leave their child behind to live in their home countries. ...

The Government wants to have the entitlement to child benefit payments for non-resident children modified to reflect the cost of living in the state where a child is resident.
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Benefits and costs – diversity
The Government cannot control immigration until it leaves the EU
Ed West
Daily Telegraph website, 27 May 2011

The Tories have been arguing for a sharp drop in immigration ever since it became apparent that the mental straitjacket over diversity had finally been undone. And yet yesterday we hear the news that immigration flows have hit a six years high, and total immigration is close to the record year of 2005 – a year in which more immigrants arrived, proportionately, than during the entire French Huguenot migration of the 17th and 18th century.

Net immigration hit 242,000 between September 2009 and September 2010, a 45 per cent increase on mid-2009, as a total of 586,000 people arrived. At current trends Britain's population will top 91 million by the end of century (whereas without immigration it would be just 57.3 million).

As I argue in my book [Diversity Delusion], published in September, the benefits of mass immigration are puny, while the costs are enormous: not only the huge structural costs – Oxford Professor of Demography David Coleman argues that they amount to £12.8 billion per year, if one factors in the costs of integration – but far greater social costs, including more inequality, far higher levels of unhappiness, atomisation and mental illness, unbridgeable sectarian division, far greater state interference, more authoritarian government and the end of the welfare state as we know it.

It is a delusion, based on a radical and unworkable universalism, that rejects the idea of national sovereignty and nation-states, promoted by a small but vocal group of 1960s throwbacks. Yesterday, for example, there was a stunt – much approved of by the Guardian – by a group called No One is Illegal, which campaigns for a border-free world; they tried to board a train with a "world passport" which confirms that "its bearer is a human being, and not an alien". Yet the curious thing about such campaigns, and such ideas, is that they are entirely confined to the West.
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Benefits and costs – Europe, Australia
Europe Has Immigration Problems on Steroids
Dr Laina Farhat-Holzman
Family Security Matters, 21 May 2011

For all the problems we think we have with immigration, Europe's problems far exceed ours. The U.S. has always had a history of panic about new and alien groups pouring into our country (Irish, Italians, Jews, Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, and now Hispanics). But all of these groups came here to become American; they integrated and contributed. By and large, the same is true of Muslim immigrants to the U.S. today - particularly Iranians and Afghans. In Europe, however, many in the flood of Muslim immigrants are not integrating well - partly out of today's spate of Islamism but partly because ordinary Europeans find these immigrants adhere to an alien culture.

Europeans, after the horrors and genocides of World War II, made a commitment to open their doors to needy immigrants. England is awash with Pakistanis; France with North Africans; Germany with Turks from religious villages; and the Scandinavian countries have been the most generous of all, taking in Somalis, Iraqis, Moroccans, and others. All are creating trouble on two fronts: social integration and horrific welfare costs. The educated elites, who run Europe, have ideological notions that do not jibe with the realities faced by ordinary working Europeans who have not found these immigrants a benefit to their lives.

On the social front (little publicized) are the soaring crime rates: rapes, domestic violence, honor killings, incest, forced child marriages, and public belligerence against European culture. On the economic front, it is even worse. There is enormous welfare fraud, financial support for polygamous families with bloated birthrates, and an overwhelming of these countries' healthcare systems. ...

Muslim immigrants in Denmark make up 5% of the population but consume 40% of welfare spending. In France, a polygamous Muslim father of 17 children was charged with welfare fraud when authorities discovered that two of his "wives" lived in Dubai for a year while continuing to get welfare benefits worth 10,000 Euros. One of his wives had been fined for driving while wearing a niqab that restricted her vision.

Australia, which is less tolerant of criminal immigrants than Europe, discovered that an Algerian immigrant and father of seven, Abdul Nacer Benbriks, on trial for terrorism, had been ordered deported three times, never worked a day in 19 years, and has cost the Australians millions in welfare payments, baby bonus checks, and other benefits.
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Benefits and costs – earnings, employment
Mass immigration 'has made the UK's poor even poorer'
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 13 May 2011

Ministers drew a link for the first time yesterday between large-scale immigration and rising levels of poverty among low-paid workers.

Iain Duncan Smith said that Labour's open door to migration meant tens of thousands more people were chasing unskilled jobs – and that in turn meant many gave up on work for a life on benefits.

The Work and Pensions Secretary named immigration as one of the causes of rising distress among low-skilled workers after the latest official breakdown showed working-age adult poverty has reached its highest level in 50 years.

The figures showed slightly less poverty last year among children and pensioners, and average take-home incomes went up.

But the respected Institute for Fiscal Studies said this was mainly because of increasing state benefits and tax credits in the year before the general election. It predicted record falls in incomes and a vicious squeeze on living standards this year.

The poverty figures showed that 5.7 million working-age people were living below the Government's poverty line in the financial year that ended in April 2010, a rise of 700,000 in five years between 2004 and 2009.

The IFS said the 16 per cent of working-age people now below the poverty line is the highest since it started compiling its own records in 1961.

However, the great bulk of the increase did not come during the recession years after 2007, when unemployment began to rise, but in the three years between 2004 and 2007.

This was the period when the economy was booming – attracting one and a half million Poles and other Eastern Europeans who came to work in Britain after the borders were opened when their countries joined the EU.

Immigration from other parts of the world was also running at unprecedentedly high levels over the three years. ...

Labour ministers defended high immigration on the grounds that it benefited the economy.

The poverty figures, however, suggest there was force behind the arguments of critics of immigration who said the benefits were felt only by the well-off – and those on low incomes were facing greater competition for work and lower pay.

According to the Households Below Average Incomes report, the share of working-age adults in poverty – below 60 per cent of median income – stood at 14 per cent in 2004. Last year it reached 16 per cent.
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Benefits and costs – employment
Immigration of little benefit to the economy, report concludes
Victoria Ward
Daily Telegraph, 2 May 2011

The British economy has failed to benefit from the influx of eastern European migrants, according to a think-tank report.

It also concluded that the immigrants were here to stay, despite restrictions being lifted in Germany. ...

The National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) said migrant workers had boosted output by just 0.38 per cent in the years to 2009 and had an "insignificant" impact on growth.

About 700,000 migrants moved to Britain from the eight Eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004 and the two that joined in 2007, the report said. During the same period, Britain's GDP grew by £98 billion, or 7.7 per cent, for which migrants were responsible for a 5 per cent share.

But although the barriers were lifted yesterday in Germany and Austria, the only two countries in Europe to have maintained restrictions on the free movement of workers from these states, experts predicted that those settled in Britain were unlikely to move.

Dawn Holland, one of the report's authors, said: "Lifting barriers in Germany may divert some Polish and other workers away from the UK, especially given the relative strength of the German economy.

"But as the existence of support networks for new migrants is one of the most important factors, much of the shift in migrants since 2004 is likely to prove permanent."

She said the impact of migration from countries such as Poland, Romania and Lithuania on UK national output was "insignificant to a large extent".

Sir Andrew Green of Migration Watch said the report provided "clear evidence" that the contribution of migrants was trivial. "This is an astonishing conclusion which blows out of the water many of the arguments made for years by the immigration lobby," he said.

"The 700,000 East Europeans who have arrived since 2004 have added 1 per cent to our population but only about one third of 1 per cent to production.

"Some employers have benefited from cheap, hard-working labour but the gain to our economy as a whole has been insignificant. This is the final nail in the coffin of Labour's immigration policy."
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Benefits and costs
[Price of fighting for immigrants who fail]
Rebecca Lefort
Sunday Telegraph, 17 April 2011

Lawyers have received millions of pounds to fight cases for immigrants who were eventually told to leave the country.

A total of £11 million was spent on failed immigration and asylum cases, new figures show.

Figures from the Legal Services Commission show another £6.3 million was spent on cases where the outcome was never known, and more than 1,000 cases were taken to judicial review, costing around £3 million.

Each year £89 million is spent on legal fees for immigrants and asylum seekers trying to stay in the country. Many of the areas on which taxpayers' money is being spent will cause concern over whether it is being correctly used. Taxpayers spent £4.9 million on applications or appeals to bring family members to Britain and £1.1 million on taking legal cases to allow relatives to visit, many after they had been refused permission for a visitors' visa to the country.

Some £1.1 million was spent helping foreigners gain British citizenship and £1 million on helping students wanting to study in the country – an area which the Government has identified as being subject to abuse. ...

The Government said it hopes to reduce the cost of funding immigration and asylum cases, and has promised in the future only claims challenging detention and proceedings before the Special Immigration Appeals Commission will be supported.

People applying for leave to remain, entry clearance, and citizenship and travel documentation will no longer be eligible for support. Ministers expect the changes to save £18 million each year, still leaving a bill of £71 million.
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Benefits and costs – education
Universities pursue foreign students
Graeme Paton
Daily Telegraph, 15 April 2011

Universities are planning a huge increase in foreign students to boost their income following swingeing government funding cuts, it emerged yesterday.

Some leading institutions aim to almost double the number of undergraduates recruited from outside Europe.
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Benefits and costs – health services
Health tourists will be banned from Britain
Martin Beckford
Daily Telegraph, 19 March 2011

Foreigners who refuse to pay for treatment in NHS hospitals will be banned from Britain under moves to reduce the £10 million-a-year cost of "health tourism".

Health bodies will have to take the details of patients from outside Europe and pass them to immigration services to ensure bills are paid.

Migrants who run up debts of more than £1,000 will be removed from the country if they attempt to extend visas and will be barred from returning.

Failed asylum seekers, athletes, officials and journalists attending the London Olympic Games have been guaranteed free hospital care.

Further options under consideration include charging foreigners to visit a GP or making them take out health insurance.
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Benefits and costs – health services
'We'll never turn anyone away': PM says 'humanitarian' NHS will give free treatment to patients from all over the world
Sue Reid
Daily Mail, 5 March 2011

The National Health Service is giving free treatment to patients from all over the world, it has been officially admitted.

A letter sent on behalf of the Prime Minister states that the NHS is a 'humanitarian' organisation and 'will never turn away' a patient, even if he or she is not entitled to free care.

It provoked anger from politicians. One MP said: 'The NHS should not be an international charity.'

The correspondence emerged as a survey showed that in the past two years alone, hospitals have lost £32 million because of debts piled up by illegal migrants, health tourists and foreign visitors.

Traditionally, the NHS has given free care to foreigners who are genuine emergency cases, such as car crash victims here on holiday.

But few questions are asked at hospitals about where patients come from before treatment is started.

Some are so ill that they need a lifetime of care. The letter was sent after a nurse wrote to David Cameron complaining that foreigners routinely get free hospital care.

Her 85-year-old mother had been forced to pay £13,000 for a private knee operation after languishing on an overstretched NHS waiting list for two years.

The nurse, who has worked in 22 hospitals over 35 years, wrote: 'Fifteen years ago almost every patient I saw was British; five years ago about half were British. Today it is less than 10 per cent.

'This is a drain on the health service's resources to the detriment of people who have been contributing to it all their lives.'

The reply, written by a Department of Health official 'on Mr Cameron's behalf', said: 'The Government's position is that the NHS is essentially a humanitarian service and no one in need of immediate treatment will ever be denied it because of their immigration status or their ability to pay.'

However in 2000 the High Court ruled that even seriously ill foreigners should be refused free treatment.

Lord Justice Kennedy said: 'The NHS has enough trouble raising funds to treat those it must treat, without volunteering to treat others at a loss.'

Douglas Carswell, Tory MP for Clacton, said: 'The letter confirms that we are no longer a national health service but an international health service.'

Emma Boon of the TaxPayers' Alliance said: 'British taxpayers cannot afford to pay for the healthcare of the whole world.'

A health department spokesman said: 'The NHS is first and foremost for the benefit of people who live in this country.

'Hospitals must take reasonable measures to recover any debts from overseas patients.'
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Benefits and costs
The EU unleashes another expensive invasion upon us
Leo McKinstry
Daily Express, 4 March 2011

Thanks to a new EU law tens of thousands of migrants from countries in Eastern Europe will soon be able to come and claim full welfare benefits. In 2004, when the eight former Soviet-dominated nations including Poland, the Czech Republic and Latvia were given membership of the EU, the Labour government imposed restrictions that meant newcomers from those states were not entitled to social security. Quite rightly ministers feared a vast influx of migrants drawn here by the honeypot of our lavish, chaotic benefits system.

But now seven years on those restrictions are about to be lifted. Arrivals from the former Eastern Bloc will be allowed to claim housing benefit, jobseekers' allowance and council tax benefit. This array of handouts could easily total more than £250 a week, far more than most claimants would earn working in Eastern Europe.

The result is certain to be a disaster for our country, pushing up the welfare bill and increasing the strain on our public services. At even the most conservative estimates it is likely that more than 100,000 more Eastern Europeans will come here to sponge off the British taxpayer. The cost could be well over £5 billion.

Once again the madness of borderless Europe has triumphed over national economic realities.

Immigration is already completely out of control in this country with more than 500,000 people arriving here every year.

The new EU law will wreck the coalition's plans to reform the bloated, unsustainable welfare system. ...

Ernest Beveridge, founding father of the modern welfare state in the Forties, always believed that benefits should only be given on the basis of contributions to society.

Emphasising the concept of personal self-reliance he explicitly stated his system was not meant to provide "something for nothing".

Sadly that is precisely what modern welfare does and the problem will only worsen when British citizens have to subsidise an army of Eastern Europeans.

Only in the twisted mind of a Eurocrat should ordinary British people provide comfortable livings for thousands who have not paid a penny in taxation or national insurance.

The Government has promised to "crack down" on benefit abuses by Eastern Europeans but that is just meaningless. No official pronouncement on this issue has a shred of credibility.
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Benefits and costs
More Europe migrants to gain access to full UK benefits
BBC, 3 March 2011

Migrants from the eight countries which joined the EU in 2004 will be able to claim full benefits in the UK for the first time from May.

Estimates in The Times suggest as many as 100,000 migrants could claim tens of millions of pounds in benefits.

But the Department for Work and Pensions insisted strict rules would remain in place to prevent abuse and stop "benefit tourism".

The long-expected relaxation in the rules is down to European law.

Giving migrants from the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - the so-called A8 countries - entitlement to a range of benefits was a condition of the 2004 accession treaty admitting these countries to the EU.

The UK was allowed to apply transition arrangements in the labour market for up to seven years - but those arrangements, which included the Worker Registration Scheme, will be dropped at the end of April.

Migrants from the A8 countries will then be brought into line with migrants from all other EU countries.

They will be able to apply for national government benefits, which in the UK includes jobseeker's allowance, council tax benefit and housing benefit, but under what the Department for Work and Pensions describes as "strict rules".

At the moment, migrant workers from the A8 countries cannot claim out-of-work benefits unless they have completed 12 months of work in the UK. ...

The DWP said it had no choice but to remain in line with national and international obligations, but has insisted that protecting the benefit system from abuse was its "number one priority".

Poland's Labour minister, Jolanta Fedek, said last month that she did not expect the lifting of labour market restrictions to trigger another wave of emigration from her country but would instead encourage the estimated 300,000 to 400,000 Poles working in neighbouring Germany illegally to become legal.
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Benefits and costs – wages, community cohesion
Labour accused of covering up warnings about immigration
Robert Winnett and James Kirkup
Daily Telegraph, 1 March 2011

Secret research commissioned by Labour ministers warned that the number of immigrants moving to Britain threatened to drive down wages and inflame community tensions, ...

One of the reports, to be published today under freedom of information laws, showed that immigration into rural areas almost doubled in one year and threatened to drive down the wages of the lower paid.

Another piece of unpublished research warned officials and ministers that high levels of immigration "may increase tensions between migrant workers and other sections of the community" during the economic downturn.

Three reports commissioned by the Department of Communities and Local Government cost more than £100,000 but have not previously been released. ...

Ed Milliband, the Labour leader, admitted yesterday that the decision to admit thousands of eastern European economic migrants to the country left many British workers worse off.

He conceded that the last government had been "wrong" on the number of immigrant workers who would come to Britain when the European Union expanded eastwards. ...

Immigration had contributed to the economic pressure on many workers, Mr Milliband admitted. ...

Immigration had boosted the economy as a whole, but the arrival of tens of thousands of workers from Poland and other eastern European states had forced down wages for many British manual workers and other "low-skill" employees, he said.
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Benefits and costs – doctors
Overseas doctors face high rate of complaints
Daily Telegraph, 16 February 2011

NHS doctors who qualify overseas are much more likely to be banned or suspended than those who graduate in Britain, according to a report.

Hospital doctors who qualify outside Europe, and from European countries other than Britain, are twice as likely to generate concerns as UK graduates.

Some of the highest rates of worries are about non-white doctors who gain their medical qualifications overseas, who are also more likely to be suspended.

Among GPs, those who qualified outside Europe are almost four times as likely to generate concerns as those who graduated in the UK, and are six times more likely to be suspended. Even GPs who graduated in Europe are almost three times as likely to be suspended as those who studied in the UK.

Experts from the NHS-funded National Clinical Assessment Service (NCAS) analysed about 5,600 referrals over the past nine years, including 900 from 2009-10. ... ...

There were no differences in levels of concern between white and non-white doctors who qualified in Britain.
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Benefits and costs – benefits, illegal immigrants
Thousands of illegal workers claiming benefits: Loophole in the law costs taxpayers millions
James Chapman
Daily Mail, 14 February 2011

Tens of thousands of workers with no right to be in Britain have been claiming benefits thanks to an extraordinary loophole in the law.

Ministers have discovered that Labour allowed 155,000 illegal immigrants to qualify for sickness benefits and maternity pay. Government sources put the cost to the public purse at 'tens of millions of pounds'.

They say the shambles is a damning indictment of how Labour lost control of both the benefits and immigration systems with taxpayers left to foot the bill. Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith will outlaw the practice in welfare reform legislation expected to be unveiled this week.

Ministers believe most of those abusing the system came to work in Britain for a limited period and overstayed their visa. Others managed to get a job without a work permit.

At present, someone could be illegally in the UK and able to claim Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), paid to those too sick to work, as well as statutory payments such as maternity or paternity pay and sick pay.

Astonishingly, the Work and Pensions Department has not in the past asked to see work permits when assessing claims for ESA.

Employers, meanwhile, have not been asked to show proof that workers are in Britain legally when processing claims for maternity or paternity pay or sick pay.

A Whitehall source said: 'It cannot be right that people who aren't eligible to work here can get benefits that are a substitute for earnings.

'This is a classic example of where the welfare system has been allowed to get completely out of control. It is difficult to track because these are illegal workers, but the cost is likely to be in the tens of millions.

'Clearly it's incredibly unfair and ministers are acting to legislate to close the loophole as quickly as possible. ...' ...

Hundreds of thousands of National Insurance numbers were handed out under Labour to illegal workers as, alarmingly, there was no requirement on JobCentre staff to check whether a person was in the country legally.
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Benefits and costs – industrial espionage
Honeytraps, mushrooms and spies' ties
Henry Samuel
Daily Telegraph, 2 February 2011

China used honeytraps and spying interns in industrial espionage, according to leaked French intelligence files. ...

Companies should do more to protect themselves from prying eyes among the 30,000 Chinese students who conduct internships in France, experts warned.

Among the most frequent methods cited by French intelligence is the so-called "lamprey technique", which usually takes the form of an international tender for business. ... ...

Another technique is the "mushroom factory", ... A third technique is to turn the tables on a foreign firm by accusing it of counterfeiting. ...

Renault, the French car maker is in an espionage scandal involving three top executives over allegations that they were paid to give secrets to a Chinese firm.
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BIAS

Bias – crime, culture, race
Social Degeneration
Thomas Sowell
Human Events, 16 August 2011
[Dr Sowell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution]

Someone at long last has had the courage to tell the plain, honest truth about race.

After mobs of young blacks rampaged through Philadelphia committing violence – as similar mobs have rampaged through Chicago, Denver, Milwaukee and other places – Philadelphia's black mayor, Michael A. Nutter, ordered a police crackdown and lashed out at the whole lifestyle of those who did such things. ...

While this might seem like it is just plain common sense, what Mayor Nutter said undermines a whole vision of the world that has brought fame, fortune and power to race hustlers in politics, the media and academia. Any racial disparities in hiring can only be due to racism and discrimination, according to the prevailing vision, which reaches from street corner demagogues to the august chambers of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Just to identify the rioters and looters as black is a radical departure, when mayors, police chiefs and the media in other cities report on these outbreaks of violence without mentioning the race of those who are doing these things. The Chicago Tribune even made excuses for failing to mention race when reporting on violent attacks by blacks on whites in Chicago.

Such excuses might make sense if the same politicians and media talking heads were not constantly mentioning race when denouncing the fact that a disproportionate number of young black men are being sent to prison.

The prevailing social dogma is that disparities in outcomes between races can only be due to disparities in how these races are treated. In other words, there cannot possibly be any differences in behavior.

But if black and white Americans had exactly the same behavior patterns, they would be the only two groups on this planet that are the same.

The Chinese minority in Malaysia has long been more successful and more prosperous than the Malay majority, just as the Indians in Fiji have long been more successful and more prosperous than the indigenous Fijians. At various places and times throughout history, the same could be said of the Armenians in Turkey, the Lebanese in Sierra Leone, the Parsees in India, the Japanese in Brazil, and numerous others.

There are similar disparities within particular racial or ethnic groups.

...

In the United States, despite the higher poverty level among blacks than among whites, the poverty rate among black married couples has been in single digits since 1994. The disparities within the black community are huge, both in behavior and in outcomes.

Nevertheless, the dogma persists that differences between groups can only be due to the way others treat them or to differences in the way others perceive them in "stereotypes."

All around the country, people in politics and the media have been tip-toeing around the fact that violent attacks by blacks on whites in public places are racially motivated, even when the attackers themselves use anti-white invective and mock the victims they leave lying on the streets bleeding.

This is not something to ignore or excuse. It is something to be stopped. Mayor Michael Nutter of Philadelphia seems to be the first to openly recognize this.
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Bias – BBC
How the BBC's silence on immigration damaged the country
Jenny McCartney
Daily Telegraph, 9 July 2011

It was interesting to hear Mark Thompson, the director-general of the BBC, admit last week that in the past, the corporation "has had limitations. For example, I think there were some years when the BBC, like the rest of the UK media, was very reticent about talking about immigration. There was an anxiety whether you might be playing into a political agenda if you did items on immigration." In other words, it was quietly believed that even raising the topic meant that the BBC was producing propaganda for British National Party.

What Mr Thompson has admitted – and at least he is honest about it – is that before 2010, our national broadcaster became a hostage to the insidious culture of the unsayable, which established itself across so much of British life during the Labour years, and left a legacy of widespread damage.

I can understand that immigration was a sensitive subject: I have complicated feelings about it myself. ...

But it also seems reasonable that if there is going to be a very sharp rise in immigration in a very short time – as there was under Labour, when just over three million legal immigrants arrived in 13 years – there should at least be an open discussion about how many can be welcomed without flooding the job market and putting an unsustainable strain on health and education systems. ... ...

Yet for far too long, the corporation simply bottled it, preferring to leave any mention of the i-word to the BNP. As a result, the notion of the "unsayable" was perpetuated, an official omertà that let government policy proceed unchallenged – in a chaotic style that even Labour now admits was a mistake – while popular concern mounted. ...

... As the BBC has now realised, difficult topics do not evaporate because one ignores them: the unsayable has a way of becoming the unavoidable.
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Bias – BBC
Stand up for Britain's silent majority, Patten tells BBC as director-general admits: We failed to address immigration
Paul Revoir and Kirsty Walker
Daily Mail, 7 July 2011

The BBC should avoid pandering to 'metropolitan prejudices' or a 'tasteless common denominator' by standing up for the silent majority, its new chairman has declared.

Lord Patten said the corporation should listen to accusations that it is 'drowning' viewers and listeners with 'prejudices' and 'stereotypes' from the urban elite.

In a plea for the broadcaster to become more representative of the licence fee payer, he said the ideas of the wider public 'deserve to be considered and reflected'.

His comments will be seen as an attempt to address the long-standing claim that the BBC is guilty of a London-centric, Left-leaning bias which alienates large sections of the public. ...

Last night, giving the Royal Television Society's Fleming Memorial Lecture 2011 – his maiden speech as chairman – Lord Patten also said criticism that the corporation was 'not impartial' should 'keep us on our toes'.

He insisted the broadcaster should reflect 'the full breadth of opinion that exists on most controversial topics'. ...

Referring to 19th-century French writer Gustave Flaubert, he said: 'We should also listen hard to those who accuse us of drowning our viewers and listeners in a small metropolitan pond of stereotypes and prejudices, what Flaubert called "received ideas".
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Bias – BBC
Director-general admits BBC steers clear of sensitive or 'taboo' topics
Paul Revoir and Kirsty Walker
Daily Mail, 7 July 2011

Sensitive or 'taboo' subjects such as immigration were avoided by the BBC, the corporation's director-general admitted yesterday.

Mark Thompson conceded that the broadcaster had been 'anxious' in the past about playing into what it may have perceived to be a Right-wing political agenda.

But he claimed it had now changed its position and was responsible for raising the topic of immigration during last year's general election.

Mr Thompson added that the BBC had a duty to address 'sensitive and difficult' issues a 'significant proportion' of the public wanted to hear about.

In an article for the New Statesman magazine, he admitted: 'There have been occasions, I believe, in the past, when the BBC has had limitations.

'For example, I think there were some years when the BBC, like the rest of the UK media, was very reticent about talking about immigration.

'There was an anxiety whether or not you might be playing into a political agenda if you did items about immigration.' Mr Thompson went on to insist that he did not like the idea that certain subjects were 'taboo'.

He said: 'In the 2010 election campaign, none of the parties was talking about immigration.

'We believed we should deal with it, because the public – not everyone, but a significant proportion – was saying to us that it was a real issue.

'We've got a duty, even if issues are sensitive and difficult to get right, to confront what the public want. I don't like the idea of topics that are taboo.'

Last year, Mr Thompson accepted that the BBC had been guilty of 'massive' Left-wing bias.

And in 2007, a BBC Trust report criticised the corporation for coming late to several important stories, including Euroscepticism and immigration, which it described as 'off limits' in terms of a liberal-minded comfort zone.
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Bias – BBC
Why is the BBC STILL so hideously biased on immigration?
Andrew Green
Daily Mail, 15 April 2011

David Cameron has just made the most important speech on immigration of any Prime Minister for many years.

He tackled the subject in a frank, open, comprehensive and factual manner, while remaining sensitive to the delicacy of the issues.

He set out a clear aim – to get net immigration down to tens of thousands – while disposing of the myth that EU migration would render this impossible.

He didn't shy away from describing the widespread abuse in the immigration system, whether by forced or sham marriages, bogus students, dodgy colleges, or dubious work permits.

This was a very significant contribution from a national leader addressing a sensitive issue that troubles a huge number of people in this country.

Yet if you had listened to Radio 4 you would not have known it. Their treatment of this story was abysmal.

The Today Programme, the so-called jewel in the BBC's crown, introduced the item with a sound-bite from the BNP claiming that the Government had adopted their policies, but 20 years too late. How is that for a smear?

This was followed by a hostile interview with the Immigration Minister, Damian Green, in which the presenter accused the Prime Minister of making 'an anti-immigrant statement'.

What was he referring to? The Prime Minister's sin, apparently, was to say that 'real communities are bound by common experiences'.

His speech went on to say that 'communities are forged by friendship and conversation, knitted together by all the rituals of the neighbourhood, from the school run to the chat down the pub. All these bonds can take time. So real integration takes time.'

Most of us would think that this was a statement of common sense – not to say the blindingly obvious. But not, it seems if you work for Radio 4.

The rest of the interview bore so little relationship to the Prime Minister's speech that one wondered whether the presenter had even read it.

Next to weigh in was the BBC website which ignored a sensible contribution from the Lib-Dem spokesman, Tom Brake, later on the Today Programme.

Instead it led with a headline in which Vince Cable described the Prime Minister's speech as very unwise and risked 'inflaming extremism'. Nobody who had read the text could possibly draw such a conclusion, but the headline suited the BBC's agenda.

No surprise then that the World At One followed up with a discussion in which racism and extremism featured prominently.

One is left wondering how it is possible to have a sensible debate on immigration when the largest news organisation in the country is so hideously biased on this subject – to adopt the terminology of its former Director General Greg Dyke, who complained memorably that the corporation was 'hideously white'.
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Bias – USA, language, political correctness
Trial set for firing over use of 'n' word
Michael Klein
philly.com, 5 January 2011

A federal jury will be asked to decide whether it is acceptable for an African American person, but not a white person, to use the "n" word in a workplace. ...

Burlington, who is white, was fired after using the "n" word during a June 2007 staff meeting at which reporters and producers were discussing reporter Robin Taylor's story about the symbolic burial of the word by the Philadelphia Youth Council of the NAACP.

Burlington, who began work at the station in 2004 and is now working as a real estate agent, was suspended within days and fired after an account of the incident was published in the Philadelphia Daily News. He alleges that he "was discriminated against because of his race," according to court documents. He claims in his lawsuit that at least two African American employees at Fox29 had used the word in the workplace and were not disciplined.

The dispute began after Taylor, who is white, used the phrase the "n" word during the 2007 staff meeting. She said participants at the burial had said the full word "at least a hundred times or more," according to court records.

"Does this mean we can finally say the word n-?" Burlington asked colleagues, according to depositions.

Nicole Wolfe, a producer and one of the three African American employees among the nine people at the meeting, exclaimed: "I can't believe you just said that!"

Burlington told Taylor that although he did not necessarily expect her to use the word in her story, he thought that doing so gave the story more credence.
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BORDER CONTROLS

Border controls – terrorism, European Union
Interpol chief - close EU border loophole or risk attack
Rob Hastings
The Independent, 30 December 2011

A glaring failure by almost all European countries to check passports against an international database of lost and stolen travel documents is leaving the Continent vulnerable to a terrorist attack on the scale of the Madrid train bombings, the head of Interpol has warned.

In what he said he hoped would not be his "last interview", Interpol's Secretary General, Ronald Noble, told The Independent that nearly all EU members are failing to make crucial checks against the agency's database of 15 million suspicious passports – allowing potential terrorists to enter Europe and cross multiple borders undetected.

"So many basic steps aren't being taken, which could lead to another September 11, another July 7 [the 2005 London Underground bombings], another March 11 in Madrid," Mr Noble said. ...

The former head of the US Secret Service also revealed that last year 500 million flights were not screened against the Interpol database. "My hope is that it won't take another September 11, July 7 or March 11, where someone enters one of these countries carrying a stolen passport and masterminds a terrorist attack, before all countries begin systematically screening passports," he said.

Mr Noble said the Schengen Agreement, which allows people to travel across much of the EU without a passport, meant that a single soft spot in border security could put the whole of mainland Europe at risk. "If we all say that we are going to trust one another to screen and control people coming through our borders then we should all have the same standard," he said.

"Right now, there are less countries than fingers on my hand in the EU that are systematically screening the passports of people coming across their borders through Interpol's database. That is something that should concern all citizens that belong to the Schengen system."

A European Commission source said the Schengen area had its own database of documents for checks on all external borders. "Schengen member states are not obliged to carry out systematic checks against the Interpol database," he said.

However, Interpol maintains that the Schengen system is not as comprehensive as its own database, as it excludes records from 131 non-EU countries that also contribute to the Interpol logs.

Britain is the only EU country to systematically check passports against those registered as missing worldwide. Last year more than 11,000 people were caught trying to enter the UK using lost or stolen passports. Britain carries out more checks against the database than the rest of Europe combined – 140 million last year. France carried out the second highest number, at 10 million.
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Border controls – terrorism, European Union
Time to fix our borders
The Independent, 30 December 2011
[Leading article]

It would be easy for Britain to react with complacency to the warning from Ronald Noble, the head of Interpol, that Europe's startlingly poor border controls are leaving it open to another major terrorist attack.

On the plus side, the UK is not party to the Schengen Agreement, which allows people to move around within much of the EU without a passport. In theory at least, we are insulated from the effects of the Continent's more porous borders. Some 140 million people are checked through UK borders annually, and last year more than 11,000 of them were caught using lost or stolen passports.

It is nonetheless a cause for grave concern that there is no obligation under Schengen for other EU states to make the same checks. Europe is only as secure as its weakest border, and the scale of the threat cannot be overstated.
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Border controls – European Union
Brussels rules let 11,000 migrants a year slip into the UK by the back door
Jason Groves
Daily Mail, 29 December 2011

Brussels rules are letting thousands of migrants into Britain 'by the back door'.

Nearly 11,000 moved here this year on the basis of having been given citizenship in another EU country.

The total, revealed in figures from the Office for National Statistics, is up more than a third on the 8,000 cases recorded in 2006. Many of the migrants would normally have been barred from taking up residence in Britain.

But under EU rules they are automatically entitled to come here once they have EU citizenship and start working – or claiming benefits. The data, compiled from passenger surveys, shows that 47,000 non-EU immigrants have found their way to the UK using this method over the past five years.

Priti Patel, the Tory MP who uncovered the information, said the loophole completely undermined Government efforts to curb the surge in immigration that took place under Labour. She urged ministers to raise the issue in Brussels and take action to wrest back control of Britain's borders.

Miss Patel took up the issue herself after a BBC documentary in October highlighted the case of an Ecuadorean family who moved to London after gaining citizenship in Spain.

The family of six were receiving £2,300 a month in housing benefit to rent a flat in Islington, as well as tax credits and child benefit. ...

The revelation raises fresh questions about the Coalition's pledge to cut net immigration to under 100,000 a year. Last month official figures revealed that the figure had soared to a record 252,000 in 2010.

EU countries all have different requirements for migrants wanting to become a citizen, and there are fears that some could be a soft touch for those whose ultimate aim is to come to the UK.
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Border controls – cost, visas, appeals
Taxpayer spends £1m a week funding visa appeals
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 13 December 2011

The taxpayer is spending almost £1 million a week to fund appeals against family visa refusals after cases increased six fold in a decade.

The sharp rise followed a change in the law under the last Government which scrapped fees for those bringing appeals against family visitor visas.

As a result the taxpayer has funded all such appeals since 2002.

Around 50,000 people last year challenged a decision not to give them a family visitor visa, which provides a temporary stay in the UK with a relative who lives here.

That was up from around 8,000 in 2002.

The appeals cost the public a total of £50 million in 2009, according to the report by Migration Watch UK. ...

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of Migration Watch, said: "At a time of severe financial stringency for UK families it is an outrageously generous system which taxpayers should no longer be expected to fund.

"It should be stopped immediately, the definition of "family visitor" tightened, charges reintroduced and consideration given to bonds to ensure people actually leave at the end of their visit."

The report said the definition of who was classed as a family member under the visa regime was so wide that it could cover up to 120 relatives for one individual.

As well as an applicant's immediate family, such as parents or children, it can also include uncles, aunts, cousins, relatives of the applicant's spouse and step family.

Fees for appeals against refusal were originally set at £500 for an oral hearing or £150 for a paper application.

They were cut to £125 and £50 respectively in 2001 before being scrapped altogether in 2002.

In the last four years the success rate of appeals has ranged between 28 per cent and 45 per cent.
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Border controls – loophole
Rail loophole allows entry to UK
Wesley Johnson
The Independent, 8 December 2011

The Government alone is powerless to close a loophole which enables people to enter the UK illegally, the Immigration Minister admitted today.

Damian Green said the so-called "Lille loophole", in which passengers miss key border checks by buying a train ticket from Brussels to Lille but then stay on until London, could only be closed through negotiations with European countries.

People can travel freely between Brussels and Lille as both Belgium and France are in the Schengen agreement, which allows them to cross the borders without passport checks.

But the UK Border Agency (UKBA) operates border controls in the country of departure, so by staying on the train from Lille, no passport checks are performed on the route into London, BBC Radio 4's The Report found. ...

Jonathan Sedgwick, the former UKBA acting chief executive who is now the agency's international group director, is expected to be questioned over the loophole when he appears before MPs on the Commons Home Affairs Select Committee today. ...

Border force staff have also been threatened with arrest by the Belgian police for trying to close the loophole, emails seen by The Report showed.
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Border controls – visas
Lax Olympic border checks 'may let in illegal migrants' as well as thousands of athletes
Sue Reid
Daily Mail, 28 November 2011

Thousands of foreign athletes will be allowed into Britain without visas for the Olympics, a Daily Mail investigation has revealed.

The decision, rubberstamped by Immigration Minister Damian Green, could open the door to illegal migrants, MPs warned.

It is expected to spark renewed controversy over lax border controls and national security.

Documents reveal that border officials plan to conduct 60-second biometric checks on competitors when they arrive at airports next summer.

Those turning up at small airfields or marinas without border staff on duty will escape the checks altogether. They will be 'on trust' to report to a UK Border Agency (UKBA) office within 48 hours to be photographed and give their fingerprint scans.

This is despite the fact that British sporting events have been blighted in recent years by the disappearance of overseas participants.

In 2002, members of the Bangladeshi relay team disappeared during the Commonwealth Games in Manchester before they had run a race, and 21 athletes from Sierra Leone went missing after the Games.

The same year, 58 golfers from Nigeria and Ghana were granted visas to compete in qualifying events at the Open, but 53 vanished as soon as they landed in the UK.

The little-known deal struck between the Government, the International Olympic Committee and the London Olympic Games organising committee, means the normal visa rules have been abandoned for all 25,000 non-EU competitors, their coaches, and team officials.

Competitors from the EU do not need visas to travel here.

It is thought that half the 25,000 due to arrive without visas already have their biometrics lodged with the UKBA after a previous UK visit or visa application.

This means their criminal records can be checked against immigration and security databases before they travel.

However, the remaining 12,500 from more than 175 nations – including terrorist hotspots such as Pakistan, Somalia, Iran and Afghanistan – will arrive carrying only photo-identity accreditation cards issued by the Olympic authorities and their national passports.

Labour MP Mark Hendrick, a critic of Olympic security, described the decision to waive the UK visa as 'madness'.
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Border controls – visa interviews
UK Border Agency stops routine interviews with visa applicants
Martin Beckford
Daily Telegraph, 21 November 2011

The troubled UK Border Agency has stopped carrying out routine face-to-face interviews with visa applicants from abroad.

Critics say the move by the organisation, whose decision to relax fingerprint checks at airports over the summer triggered a political scandal, puts security at risk.

Many of those who would have faced interviews under the previous regime come from the Indian subcontinent, prompting claims that the relaxed regime could undermine attempts to end forced marriage. ...

They were standard practice in countries such as India, Pakistan and Bangladesh until about two years ago, but are now only carried out when officials are suspicious about people applying to move to Britain.

Instead, most applicants only have to fill in forms and provide biometric data such as fingerprints.

A spokesman for the UK Border Agency said: "We have a risk-based approach to interviewing, closely scrutinising applications from countries where we know there are high levels of visa abuse. Where we have concerns we can interview applicants to obtain further information. We are determined to ensure only genuine people coming to the UK are successful.

"Everyone needing a visa is subject to rigorous biometric checks both abroad and on entry to the UK. Anyone found to have provided false information or documents with their visa application will be refused entry and face a 10 year ban from coming to the UK."
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Border controls – NHS
Migrants in cosmetic ops scam
James Murray
Sunday Express, 20 November 2011

Bogus asylum seekers are demanding IVF and cosmetic surgery on the NHS in a deliberate ploy to delay being kicked out of the country.

Whistleblowers say there is "no end to the scams and lies" and solicitors coach applicants to exploit loopholes, knowing that the longer asylum seekers are in the UK, the more chance they have of being allowed to stay indefinitely. ...

The whistleblower said that when cases are prolonged by continuous new legal claims officials barely have the resources to keep fighting cases, adding: "Once cases dragged on for seven years we basically gave up.

"Then it went down to four years because there was such a huge backlog. The immigration solicitors knew this, although it wasn't broadcast, and they just spun everything out." ...

A Home Office spokesman said it was "not true" that people sought IVF and penis enlargements on the NHS.

It admitted, however, that the UK Border Agency currently employs 23,426 people, but that 5,200 jobs are to be slashed by March 2015.
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Border controls
Tens of thousands of foreigners on private jets 'feared to have avoided passport checks'
Tim Ross
Daily Telegraph, 15 November 2011

Tens of thousands of people are feared to have arrived on private jets without having their passports checked under relaxed border security measures this year, according to leaked emails released yesterday. ...

UK Border Agency officials warned their managers they feared a "security breach" because they could not "secure the border as robustly as we would like to".

Managers replied that the new arrangements were part of a strategy being introduced at airports across England, and reflected "national policy". ...

Emails obtained by Labour disclosed that frontline border staff raised concerns over the relaxed checks for passengers on private flights.

Passengers entered the country without having their passports checked on arrival, and, in many cases, without being seen by border staff. "Watch lists" were also not checked, according to the emails. ...

According to Labour, there are between 80,000 and 90,000 flights on private jets landing in Britain every year, each carrying two or three passengers. ...

The leaked emails showed border checks were downgraded 100 times in the first week, 260 times in the sixth week, and 165 times in week nine, with relaxations lasting "potentially hours each time".

Averaged out over 14 weeks, that would mean border staff could have abandoned full biometric passport checks 2,450 times.
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Border controls
Slackened checks at border may have let in 550 criminals
Robert Winnett
Daily Telegraph, 14 November 2011

More than 550 European criminals, suspected terrorists and human-traffickers were kept out of Britain in the summer of last year, before border controls were controversially relaxed, official figures have suggested.

The figures, obtained by Labour yesterday, will add to fears that hundreds of dangerous criminals may have entered Britain during the summer months of this year after detailed passport checks were abandoned.

Last week, Theresa May, the Home Secretary, admitted that she had no idea how many undesirable people may have entered Britain as a result. ...

The figures from the House of Commons Library provide the first indication of how many criminals may have entered Britain as a result of the relaxed passport checks.

The analysis showed that in the summer of 2010, 564 European nationals were refused entry at airports and ports and subsequently removed from Britain.

These included criminals previously deported and people appearing on the so-called "warnings index" list covering suspected terrorists, organised-crime gang members, human-traffickers and those convicted of sex crimes.

Chris Bryant, the shadow immigration minister, said: "These figures emphasise the need for the Home Secretary to come clean and give us the numbers on how many people entered the UK without checks.
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Border controls
Labour dragged into border fiasco over dropped passport checks
David Barrett and Alasdair Palmer
Sunday Telegraph, 13 November 2011

Millions of people are feared to have been allowed into Britain without full passport checks in a major new borders scandal.

All but the most cursory checks were abandoned on passengers on British-registered coaches as they arrived at Dover, Britain's biggest port.

Instead of passports being scanned electronically, border guards checked that the picture matched the holder. It means they were not cross-checked to a computer database to establish if the holder was a wanted terrorist, criminal or immigration offender.

The policy was in place for four years after being introduced when Labour was in power, but never disclosed to Parliament.

It was implemented because the French complained about congestion in Calais caused by backlogs at passport control.

Ministers discovered the scheme earlier this month and ended it ten days ago when the Border Agency official in charge of the southern ports was suspended, along with Brodie Clark, the director of the UK Border Force, who was accused of relaxing passport checks at airports on non-European Union citizens without ministers' permission.

The Dover scandal has the potential to be bigger than that at the airports and will add to political pressure on Theresa May, the Home Secretary.

It is estimated that up to 17 million coach passengers passed through Dover's ferry terminal in the last four years, of whom the majority would have been on British-registered coaches.

It was not known last night if the policy was implemented at other ports, and whether it was operated around the clock or at the busiest times.

Relaxing controls at Dover is particularly damaging because the port has been identified as one of the main routes for illegal entry to the country. ...

The relaxed security checks were introduced during 2007. That year Jacqui Smith took over as home secretary from Dr John Reid, now Lord Reid of Cardowan, although it is unclear exactly when the changes were introduced. ...

An estimated 86,000 coaches pass through Dover every year. ... ...

Labour refused to comment last night on what its ministers knew when they were in government.
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Border controls – crime, bogus marriage
Hastings MP slams UK Border Agency over fake weddings
BBC, 11 November 2011

The deportations of nine people by the UK Border Agency (UKBA) after hundreds of sham marriages in Sussex have been described as inadequate by an MP.

In 2010, three men were jailed for breaching immigration laws in what lawyers said was the largest bogus marriage case then brought to court.

At the time, 370 weddings were linked to the investigation at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, St Leonards.

Conservative MP for Hastings Amber Rudd MP said more should be done.

"It seems totally inadequate. This was a serious crime. It happened over two years ago.

"I think that the citizens of Hastings and the rest of the country would normally expect the consequences to have been felt by the people who committed this crime well before now," she said.

Last year, Rev Alex Brown and two co-defendants were each jailed for four years for carrying out marriages to bypass immigration law.

Figures from the UKBA said Brown carried out 383 marriages in total, out of which 370 were then thought to be bogus.

Following a review, the UKBA has said nine people have been deported.

A UKBA spokesman said: ...

He said: "Around 170 have had visa applications rejected, which means they will not be allowed to stay or work in the UK legally as a direct result of these marriages.

"For these cases, if they have no other legitimate right to remain in the UK they must leave or we will take action to remove them.

"Those that have yet to be resolved, we will keep under review, and we will take action if and when this becomes necessary."
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Border controls – passport fraud
UK faces up to 9,000 cases of passport fraud a year
Matthew D'Arcy
publicservice.co.uk, 11 November 2011

Thousands of cases of passport fraud are continuing to be detected by UK authorities every year, official figures from the government have revealed.

Immigration minister Damian Green said the Identity and Passport Service had identified thousands of confirmed frauds, probable frauds and possible frauds in each of the past five years.

He said that in the last year alone the IPS had identified a total of 7,870 cases.

But the number has been even higher in earlier years, totaling more than 9,000 cases for two consecutive years at one point. In 2007-08, the year with the highest number of incidents, the IPS detected a total of 9,382 cases.
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Border controls – profiling
Border checks relaxed in second rule change
James Kirkup
Daily Telegraph, 11 November 2011

Thousands of people have entered Britain without facing routine passport checks on arrival under a second change in border rules approved by Theresa May.

Since last year, the UK Border Agency has been operating a system at four major airports that means passengers on some flights are security-screened before take-off and then face a "light touch" inspection on arrival.

The "smart zone" trial has come to light as the Home Secretary faces continued criticism over a separate, secret move to relax passport checks at all airports over the summer.

The smart zone system allows passengers on selected flights to enter the UK with reduced passport checks and pass through the airport in half the time normally taken.

The system, which has been quietly piloted at some UK airports over the past year, is part of a wider move towards "risk-based" controls that ministers believe can focus border resources on suspicious travellers.

Insiders say such schemes are effectively paving the way for a full-blown profiling system where passengers are subjected to different levels of scrutiny depending on nationality or race.

The smart zone system relies on pre-screening of passengers on "low-risk" routes into the UK and effectively does away with routine passport inspection on arrival in Britain.
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Border controls
Border control row: why targeted checks are a commonsense approach
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 8 November 2011

There's a new Theresa May joke doing the rounds this week. It goes: "Knock, Knock! 'Come in!'"

The home secretary's admission that she has no idea how many illegal migrants and suspected terrorists and criminals got into Britain during her four-month pilot project to relax border controls is undoubtedly politically damaging for a "tough-on-immigration" government.

But that should not be allowed to mask the fact that introducing a regime of intelligence-led, targeted checks on higher-risk categories of travellers is no more than a commonsense approach to maintaining the integrity of Britain's borders, when more than 125 million passengers come into the country each year.

As May pointed out, the targeted checks actually led to 10% more illegal migrants being intercepted than would have been under the pre-existing blanket checks. The approach is more effective, and would make sense even if this were not an age of austerity and a 5,000 cut in UK Border Agency staffing levels were not being implemented over the next few years.

This is because there is a truth that dare not speak its name when it comes to the political debate on immigration: the vast majority of illegal migrants in the UK actually enter the country completely legally. The main route into Britain for illegal migrants is not a forged passport or visa, or through the Channel Tunnel, but a valid work, student or visitor visa; the migrants then simply overstay their welcome.

When he was the home secretary, John Reid had big signs saying UK Border put up at every major airport and port, and tried to accelerate the £800m e-borders scheme – the Home Office's second-biggest project.

But the latest figures show only about 2,500 people a year are intercepted at the border, and only about half of those are refused entry to the country because they are on the Home Office's "warnings index" of illegal migrants and potential terrorists.

That is 2,500 out of 125 million – it is like looking for a needle in a haystack. ...

The idea is that all 125 million passengers a year who enter and leave the UK will eventually be logged electronically on entry and exit, thus delivering the holy grail of a secure border.

The system relies on the airlines giving advance notice of passenger details to the UK Border Agency before a flight leaves to travel to Britain so they can be checked against watchlists of potential terrorists or illegal migrants before they get on the plane.

In effect, passport checks are being shifted upstream so the screening takes place at check-in rather than passport control in the airport arrivals hall. Around 68,000 people were stopped coming to Britain this way last year compared with the 2,500 at the border.

This system renders general passport checks redundant and provides the intelligence to allow UKBA staff to target the passengers on a particular flight, picking up individuals they have already identified. The national border targeting centre, in Salford, has started work storing this data to build up travel histories of every logged passenger.

But progress is slow, and only 55% of the passengers who come into Britain are actually screened in this way.
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Border controls – politics
Theresa May to face questions over order to relax border checks
James Kirkup
Daily Telegraph, 7 November 2011

Theresa May today faces questions about whether a secret decision taken by Home Office ministers to relax passport checks on foreigners at ports and airports allowed extremists and criminals to enter Britain.

The Home Secretary will be accused of being responsible for the most serious immigration scandal to face the Coalition since it took office last year.

Events at the UK Border Agency, which is part of the Home Office, have raised fears that foreign criminals and terrorists could have been allowed to enter Britain unchecked.

Whitehall sources said that in July, Home Office ministers asked officials to draw up a range of measures to cut queues at airports and ports during the summer holiday season.

Damian Green, the immigration minister, then told the UKBA to relax checks on people carrying British passports and those from other European countries.

The order, endorsed by Mrs May, meant that thousands of foreign nationals were able to enter the UK without full checks on their travel documents.

Instead of scanning microchips in their passports that carry biometric information which cannot be forged, British officials were told they could check only photographs and passport expiry dates. ...

Measures to "pre-screen" many European travellers at the start of their journey to the UK were also still in place, government sources said. ...

The July instruction was never announced to Parliament or the public. It was followed later in the summer by the relaxation of passport checks on some foreigners with non-European passports.

Government sources have insisted that the UKBA was specifically ordered not to extend the relaxed entry rules authorised in July to non-European passport-holders.

But Home Office staff have suggested that both of the changes in entry procedures were made with ministerial authority.
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Border controls
Civil servants face questions over border fiasco
David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 6 November 2011

A former immigration minister has lifted the lid on how civil servants are blocking attempts to strengthen Britain's borders.

Phil Woolas, who was a minister at the Home Office until last year's election, told how his plans to curb illegal immigration had been repeatedly thwarted by the Whitehall machine. ...

Mr Woolas, who served for two years as Labour's immigration minister, said the problem of civil servants obstructing immigration controls went wider than the UK Border Agency (UKBA) and the Home Office.

Treasury and Foreign Office officials had systematically barred measures to combat illegal immigration during his time in office, he said.

"My measures were repeatedly blocked by officials in other departments. It was incredibly frustrating," said Mr Woolas.

The former minister said failings included:

* Reluctance to penalise foreign countries which hold up the deportation of their citizens from Britain by refusing to issue passports;

* "Absurd" rules which mean the UKBA cannot begin obtaining new passports for foreign criminals until their appeal process is exhausted;

* Lax controls which mean that anyone who is working legally or illegally can obtain a National Insurance number.

"The process of getting new travel documents for foreign criminals was shambolic," said Mr Woolas.

"It's a nonsense. You should be able to start that process as soon as they have been sentenced.

"I would have continuing rows with countries like Jamaica, China and Nigeria over delays in re-documenting their nationals."

He said he would threaten to stop issuing visitor visas for people from countries which failed to co-operate but was over-ruled by the Foreign Office, which wanted to avoid damaging diplomatic relations.

According to the former MP, the Treasury also resisted changes to the system of allocating National Insurance numbers - which, once issued, last for life.

"The Treasury would rather have illegal immigrants paying National Insurance than disappearing into the black market," said Mr Woolas.

"This has been going on since 1961. I made a Freedom of Information request to the National Archives at Kew to get the papers while I was a minister."
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Border controls
Head of UK Border Force suspended after passport vetting procedures 'relaxed'
Murray Wardrop
Daily Telegraph, 5 November 2011

The head of the UK Border Force has been suspended amid claims that crucial vetting procedures to stop terrorists and foreign criminals entering Britain were secretly abandoned this summer.

Brodie Clark who earns £135,000-a-year is being investigated along with two other senior officials over claims that he authorised the stopping of specific checks at ports including Heathrow and Calais.

It is feared that hundreds of thousands of foreigners swept into the country in the past four months without having their passports scrutinised.

Border guards at airports and ports were ordered not to bother checking biometric chips on passports of citizens from outside the EU, it is claimed.

Staff at the UK Border Force, part of the UK Border Agency, were also allegedly instructed not to compare fingerprints or other personal details against the Home Office's database of terror suspects and illegal immigrants.

The decisions were taken without the knowledge of ministers and were designed to cut down queues at busy ports and airports and avoid complaints by holidaymakers and tourists during the peak holiday season, it is understood.

Graeme Kyle, the director of the UKBA at Heathrow, and Carole Upshall, director of the Border Force South and European Operation, have also been suspended on the orders of Theresa May, the Home Secretary.
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Border controls
Bungling border officials lose 124,000 asylum seekers and migrants (that's the population of Cambridge)
James Slack
Daily Mail, 4 November 2011

Border officials have lost track of a population of asylum seekers and migrants as big as that of Cambridge, it emerged last night.

MPs said the number of individuals 'lost' by the UK Border Agency had almost tripled in six months from 40,500 in March to 124,000 in September.

Officials say they have placed the cases in a so-called 'controlled archive' for applicants who cannot be contacted by officials.

But the home affairs select committee said the archive had, in reality, become a 'dumping ground for cases where the UK Border Agency has lost track of the applicant'.

The archive includes the cases of around 98,000 asylum seekers who cannot be found, in which the agency has no idea whether the applicant even remains in the UK.

Following a UKBA review, it also includes around 26,000 migrant cases, most of which are more than eight years old, relating to those who have overstayed their visas or who have been refused an extension of leave, such as students. ...

The revelation came as the public continued to sign the MigrationWatch 'No to 70 million', which calls on ministers to get a firm grip on immigration policy, at the rate of more than 1,000 every hour yesterday. Last night, the Downing Street e-petition had been signed by 67,000.
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Border controls – bogus students
Colleges lose licences in immigration crackdown
Dominic Casciani
BBC, 2 November 2011

More than 470 UK colleges have been barred in the last six months from accepting new foreign students from outside Europe, the Home Office says.

They either had licences revoked or did not sign up to a new inspection system - part of government efforts to curb abuse of the immigration system.

It estimates the colleges could have brought in 11,000 students. ...

Earlier this year, tighter rules were introduced on student visas, primarily aimed at private colleges offering language or vocational courses.

The changes were designed to weed out those colleges that were in fact involved in systematic attempts to get workers into the UK by helping them pose as students.

The changes aimed to ensure that students could actually speak English, that the courses were credible and that college bosses were meeting immigration and visa obligations.

Some 302 colleges have had licences revoked. A further 172 are being allowed to continue to teach current students - but officials say they cannot sponsor any new ones from outside Europe. ...

The 11,000 students blocked by the colleges losing licences represent approximately 4% of all student visas granted - but Immigration Minister Damian Green said the changes to the system were "beginning to bite".
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Border controls – bogus students
Blacklist of banks that help bogus students get visas
Daily Telegraph, 31 October 2011

More than 2,500 banks have been put on a government blacklist of financial institutions that cannot be trusted to verify documents supporting student visa applications, officials have said.

Foreign students who apply to study in Britain are required to prove that they have enough money to support themselves and pay for their course. ...

The list, which includes 1,977 banks in India, three in Pakistan and 762 in the Philippines, is designed to stop bogus students entering the country.

Studying is the most common reason for migrants to come to Britain. Three in four of the 228,000 people who came to the country to study last year were from outside the European Union.
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Border controls
Farce of Pakistani 'student' who has been allowed to stay in Britain despite buying a certificate saying he could speak English
Neil Sears
Daily Mail, 11 October 2011

A bogus student who lied that he could speak English and admitted buying a fake language proficiency certificate can stay in Britain, immigration judges have ruled.

Even though Abbas Khaliq was 'untruthful' and 'not a credible witness', and had failed to mention that his brother was an illegal immigrant here, the reluctant judges said he had broken no rules.

So despite being caught red-handed on arrival from Pakistan at Gatwick airport, he is welcome to stay here.

It emerged during the case that since a British college had given Khaliq the go-ahead to study here, and there was no physical evidence he had lied while obtaining his student visa in Pakistan, the immigration officer who caught him out at Gatwick had no powers to ban him from entry.

Embarrassingly, while the immigration judges said they had 'no enthusiasm' for allowing the bogus student to stay, they claimed they had no choice – because of the rules set by the very body established to keep illegal immigrants out, the UK Border agency.

The judges said in their ruling: 'The UK Border Agency's decision to allow colleges to assess whether students should be admitted, and to remove from immigration Officers the power to reach any view independent of the colleges - most of which have a clear financial motive to admit as many students as possible - forces us to the conclusion we have reached.'

Khaliq had flown into Britain last year to start a Higher National Diploma course in Business Management at the Leeds Professional College – the organisation which had who had sponsored his successful visa application.

But immigration officials at Gatwick soon discovered he spoke no English, despite finding a forged certificate in his bag from the Anglophile English Learning Centre in Karachi giving him an A grade.

Brazen Khaliq admitted buying the certificate - and that he knew nothing about the course he was due to take in England, and had paid someone else to choose it for him. ...

Despite being caught red-handed, Khaliq appealed against the immigration officer's ban, and had the right to stay in the country whilst his appeal was being heard.

An immigration tribunal agreed with the alert immigration officer, and upheld the ban in January 2010.

But Khaliq was entitled to another appeal, to the upper immigration tribunal – and in July and finally finished the appeal process 18 months on, by winning the right to stay in spite of his lies. ...

The UK Border Agency's own rules meant Khaliq had to be admitted the judges went on, adding that this 'demonstrates that the Immigration Rules, as in force at the relevant time, provide little security against the admission of what may be described as bogus students.

'Changes have since been made, but they do not affect this appeal.'
[Site link]

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Border controls – education
Universities report 1,500 'bogus' students a month
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 29 September 2011

Immigration officials are receiving 1,500 reports a month about possible bogus students.

University lecturers and staff have raised concerns over student absence or activities on more than 35,000 occasions in the past two years, a report revealed.

It raises fresh concerns that the student visa system is still open to abuse by those looking to stay in the UK illegally.

Manifesto Club, a civil liberties group which obtained the figures, warned that they were more a reflection of over-reporting of minor incidents by universities worried about losing the right to sponsor foreign students. ...

The Manifesto Club report, Students Under Watch, concludes that the regime has resulted in a "humiliating" surveillance state within the universities, with staff and students effectively spying on each other.
[Newspaper link]

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Border controls – marriage
Most migrants on a marriage visa have never visited the UK before
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 15 September 2011

Two-thirds of immigrants who come to Britain on a marriage visa have never before set foot in this country, it has emerged.

Every year some 40,000 migrants enter the country either to marry or to join an existing spouse – bringing with them another 9,000 children and other dependants.

An examination of Home Office files from 2009 revealed 67 per cent were coming here for the first time.

The research will raise concerns that many of those coming here to marry or to join partners have little knowledge and understanding of British culture.

It will be published today as Immigration Minister Damian Green calls for support for Government plans to prevent family visas being used to bypass immigration laws.

In a speech to the Centre for Policy Studies think tank, he will tell anyone attempting sham marriages or coming here to live off benefits that they are not welcome.

Mr Green will say: 'These are sensitive issues which have been ignored for far too long but ones we are determined to tackle.

'We want a system that lets everyone know where they stand and what their responsibilities are.

'If your marriage is not genuine, if you have no interest in this country and its way of life, if you are coming here to live off benefits, don't come in the first place.

'That is why our focus is on delivering better family migration – better for migrants, for communities and for the UK as a whole.'

The research shows that around eight out of ten of those who arrived on family visas from Pakistani and Bangladesh in 2004 had settled here permanently within five years.

That compares to just one in ten family migrants arriving from Australia.

Worryingly, one in five of those sponsoring marriage visas were either unemployed or was earning less than the minimum wage, the research found. One in three was living with family members or friends and not supporting themselves financially.
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Border controls
No checks, no guards ... easy way into UK for illegal immigrants
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 30 August 2011

The alarming ease with which people traffickers exploit passport-free borders within the British Isles is highlighted today by the Daily Express.

Yesterday we showed how immigrants camped outside the French port of Cherbourg now target Irish ferries to stow onto because of the lack of passport control in Ireland. They then cross the Irish sea to Scotland's west coast.

Today we reveal the results of our own investigation.

Our reporter started his journey at Cherbourg where he was asked to show his passport before driving onto the Oscar Wilde ferry bound for Rosslare in the Republic.

A French port official looked at the documents but did not ask to look inside the covered boot of the reporter's estate car. Nor was the car subjected to any other scrutiny.

Sixteen hours later in Rosslare, a female Garda official made a short passport check before waving the vehicle through.

This was the last border stop before crossing to Scotland. The Republic and the British Isles are all part of the Common Travel Area so travellers crossing borders do not have to show identity documents.

At 5pm last Thursday, there was no sign of any immigration control at the Stena Line terminal in Belfast where the ferry starts its short journey to Stranraer in Scotland.

There were about 40 cars on board and a handful of lorries. Once the boat had docked, a marshall waved cars through. There was no sign of any police or security presence.

Next day, two police officers watched lorries leave the early ferry and later patrolled lorries at Cairnryan port.

About a dozen foot passengers were let onto a coach bound for the South.

A police source said: "Officers have plenty to do with freight checking and anti-terrorist matters apart from checking individual passengers.

"They sometimes have to rely on ferry staff to alert them but they aren't experts at spotting possible offenders."
[Site link]

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Border controls – Turkey, European Union
MPs warn over Turkey migrant risk to EU
BBC, 1 August 2011

Turkey must improve its border controls before it can join the European Union, a committee of MPs has said.

The Home Affairs Committee said thousands of migrants were entering the EU illegally through Turkey into Greece - many of them aiming for Britain.

It was also concerned about human trafficking and drug smuggling.

The UK Border Agency said it was working with other countries to help them strengthen their capacity to deal with illegal migration.

The EU's border would be extended to Iran, Iraq and Syria if Turkey was allowed to join.

The committee said estimates for the number of Turkish migrants likely to enter the EU as a whole ranged from 500,000 and 4.4 million by 2030.

It called on the Home Office to carry out an urgent impact assessment of the numbers likely to come to the UK. ...

Drugs are also a concern, the committee said. Its report said that up to 80% of the heroin currently trafficked to Europe from Afghanistan comes through Turkey.
[Site link]

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Border controls – residence, citizenship
'Squatters rights' law that grants illegal immigrants right to stay after 14 years to be scrapped
David Wilkes
Daily Mail, 18 July 2011

A rule which rewarded immigrants with the right to stay in the UK after living here illegally for 14 years is to be scrapped.

The 'squatters' rights' law, passed by Labour in 2003, allowed thousands of migrants to live her permanently, work and claim benefits simply because they escaped detection for so long.

Up to 2,000 visa overstayers, failed asylum seekers and illegal entrants exploited the loophole every year and were granted permanent residency. Other beneficiaries were illegal workers employed in the black economy who have never paid tax or national insurance.

Critics branded the law a 'slow motion amnesty'. Worryingly, the numbers taking advantage have increased by 120 per cent since its first full year in operation. ...

There are fears the numbers taking advantage of the law could spiral in coming years as thousands of illegal migrants who arrived in the last decade apply for permanent residency.

In 2003 the law was changed to allow anyone living here illegally for 14 years or more to apply for indefinite leave to remain.

Since then a total of 8,948 illegal migrants have taken advantage of the failures of the immigration system to remove them to stay.

The year after the law was introduced just 781 illegal migrants used it but by 2009 the number increased to 2,061. Last year the total was 1,774.
[Site link]

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Border controls – terrorism, illegal immigrants
Illegal migrants can enter the UK without passport
Christopher Hope
Daily Telegraph, 7 July 2011

David Cameron has said that he will look at closing a loophole at airports that could allow terrorists to illegally enter the United Kingdom.

Robert Halfon, a Conservative MP, claimed he had uncovered a way that terrorists and illegal immigrants could enter without their passports being checked.

Immigration and special branch officers had complained that extremists were able to use a "Common Area Travel Channel". Typically, they flew into London with an additional air ticket from a different destination in the British Isles. They then used this air ticket to walk through the "common area" where travellers are not normally asked to show their passports.
[Newspaper link]

Up

Border controls – crime, Denmark
Danish committee approves government's controversial border control plans
Washington Post, 1 July 2011

Denmark on Friday approved a decision to re-establish permanent customs checkpoints at its borders, removing the last hurdle to a plan aimed at stopping crime and illegal immigration but which has been strongly criticized in Europe as violating visa-free travel rules.

The 17-member parliamentary Finance Committee announced the approval after lawmakers voted to reject an opposition motion to abandon it.

Germany and the European Union say border checkpoints violate EU rules on unrestricted travel in the Schengen zone and regulations on free movement within the bloc. In Denmark, opponents say it is a sop to nationalists, business organizations fear it will harm Danish exports and locals envision long lines of cars waiting to cross borders.

The new controls being introduced over several years include new customs buildings at crossings, lower speed limits at checkpoints and new equipment for reading license plates of passing vehicles. ...

The government has insisted that customs checks will be random and will not include checking passports.
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Border controls – European Union
UK fears migrant influx as EU bids to break down border controls
Tim Shipman
Daily Mail, 23 June 2011

Brussels bosses want to tear up European Union immigration rules, leaving Britain vulnerable to a new influx of migrants.

The European Commission plans to use human rights laws to break down border controls.

David Cameron will today go into battle to face down plans to scrap the existing rule that means illegal immigrants and asylum seekers are supposed to be sent back to the country where they first enter the EU.

Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso will use a summit in Brussels today to press for the changes.

He wants the rule suspended indefinitely, opening the door to thousands of immigrants heading for Britain to claim more generous benefits than they could get elsewhere.

British officials fear that suspending the rule will mean that countries on the edge of Europe make far less effort to police their borders, since they will not have to face the consequences themselves of letting in too many migrants.

The situation has been made more acute by the fighting in Libya, which has seen thousands of refugees fleeing Colonel Gaddafi's regime to take shelter in the EU.

More than one million people have fled Libya since the conflict began.

Frontex, the EU border agency, estimates that 48,000 have already arrived in the EU.

Italy is expecting another 50,000 to double those numbers.

Eurocrats are demanding the changes to the existing rules, enshrined in the so-called 'Dublin regulations', after officials lost a legal case in the European Court of Human Rights in January.

On that occasion the Court ruled that Belgium and Greece had violated the rights of an asylum seeker in expelling him to Athens.

Both countries had been following EU policy by sending migrants back to the port where they first entered the EU to file their claim to refugee status.

The policy was followed despite warnings from the UN refugee agency and the Council of Europe's human rights commissioner that Greece's system was dysfunctional.

The Afghan asylum seeker, known to the court as M.S.S., said that Belgium and Greece had subjected him to degrading treatment in returning him to Athens, and that he had been denied an 'effective remedy' against expulsion. The court agreed.
[Site link]

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Border controls – human rights
Human right to sponge off UK: 3,200 criminals, failed asylum seekers and benefit tourists can't be kicked out because of right to family life
James Slack
Daily Mail, 17 June 2011

Human rights law is demolishing every aspect of Britain's immigration controls, Government papers reveal.

Every year, more than 3,200 foreign criminals, failed asylum seekers and EU 'benefit tourists' are using Labour's Human Rights Act to thwart Home Office attempts to remove migrants – or stop them arriving in the first place.

The majority of cases are using the controversial Article 8, 'the right to a private or family life'.

In the cases of almost 1,200 EU citizens, they had no intention of working but were allowed to stay, potentially to enjoy a life on benefits – because they have a wife, girlfriend or children here.

Ministers are so alarmed that they are planning a potentially explosive review of the 'family life' defence, which critics say is widely abused.

There has been a series of shocking cases of foreign killers and other criminals cheating deportation.

But the first Home Office audit of the full impact of the Human Rights Act has revealed it is sabotaging almost every part of the immigration system.

In the last three months of 2010, 99 foreign prisoners successfully claimed deporting them would breach their right to a family life in Britain – the equivalent of almost 400 each year. It is four times the previous estimate of 100 – which itself provoked outrage.

In addition, Article 8 thwarted the equivalent of 132 asylum removals last year. The separate Article 3 – the right to protection from ill-treatment – prevented the removal of the equivalent of 56 foreign criminals, and 16 asylum seekers.

The most shocking development, however, is the way the right to a family life is impacting on the rest of the immigration system.

Originally, the right to family life was applied in strict circumstances – such as a migrant having married here, and had children. In recent cases, this has been widened. ...

In a letter to the Tory MP Dominic Raab, the Home Office disclosed that the equivalent of almost 600 economic migrants who had been denied a visa under the point-based system were using Article 8 to make successful appeals.

They claim that, while working in the UK, they have formed relationships in Britain. ...

In the equivalent of 120 cases, decisions by the Home Office to deny a migrant settlement – which leads to a British passport – were overturned using Article 8. ...

Officials also lost the equivalent of almost 800 so-called 'entry clearance' cases last year – where migrants applying for visas while abroad were turned down, but won on appeal by claiming they had a right to join their family.

Up

Border controls
The migrants risking death to break into Britain
Evan Davis
BBC, 16 June 2011
[Panorama: Breaking into Britain, BBC One, Thursday, 16 June at 2100BST and then available in the UK on the BBC iPlayer]

... It was largely the vivid memory of that scene which made me eager to be involved in Panorama's examination of the economic migrants who risk everything to try and reach Britain illegally.

It is a chance to tell the migration story from the point of view of those trying to get into our country, rather than those of us lucky enough to be here already.

Journalist Shoaib Sharifi followed the journey from Kabul where he met fellow Afghans as they set out to reach the EU in Greece.

And in Africa, fellow journalist Kassim Kayira began in Lagos in Nigeria and travelled up through Africa to Morocco, a route taken by many African migrants fleeing poverty.

The perspective from the UK and European border agencies on how they address the growing numbers desperate to reach the EU was my remit. ...

There are no guarantees of success and the price - just to get as far as Greece - is £4,700. For an extra £2,600, the smugglers tell Afghans they will get them as far as France. A further £700 will get you to London, they are told. ...

Unfortunately what Shoaib, Kassim and I learn is that those scenes I witnessed in Calais two years ago are just a slice of the greater problem.

The risks the migrants take and the suffering they endure on their journeys are only matched by the resourcefulness they exhibit to travel thousands of miles unaided and their determination to succeed that is reinforced with every failed attempt.

All for what? Most of the journeys are futile.

Economic migrants are too often trapped without money or documents, unable to get into their destination of choice in Western Europe and penniless to turn around, give up and go home.

I defy anyone to watch the programme and not think that Greece and Italy badly need help in dealing with undocumented arrivals - a situation made even worse by the flood of arrivals fleeing violence in north Africa.

At the heart of this investigation lies a simple dilemma - to tolerate the suffering on our own continent is unconscionable - but to alleviate the suffering by simply opening the door might attract vastly more people than we can realistically cope with humanely.

We meanwhile are trying to maintain complete mobility across borders for the population of the rich world while trying to build ever higher walls to deny that mobility to the world's poor.

I am sorry to say our examination of the issues does not deliver a solution.

Perhaps there is not one to be had.
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Border controls – education
Target for foreign students is halved
Victoria Ward
Daily Telegraph, 13 June 2011

The Government will today backtrack on plans to cut the number of foreign students in Britain by reducing its target by almost half.

The Home Office will unveil plans to reduce the number of overseas students in the UK by 52,000 a year, much less than the cut of 100,000 that had been announced.

In March, Theresa May, the Home Secretary, said that she would reduce the number of student visas by up to 80,000 a year. She also said that the number of immigrants who arrive in Britain and then swap to student visas to prolong their stay would be reduced by 20,000.

But the new Home Office policy, announced today, will result in a net reduction of 260,000 student visas over the course of this parliament. That equates to 52,000 a year. ...

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch UK, said the Government was focusing on the wrong issue and that the key was not to reduce student visas but to make sure that those who come here to study went home. ...

The number of arrests for abuse of student visas is 30 a month.
[Newspaper link]

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Border controls – asylum, work permits, student visas
Scandal of illegals freed onto streets to clear the backlog
Martyn Brown
Daily Express, 6 June 2011

Britain's shambolic immigration system was exposed in a scathing attack by a civil service whistleblower yesterday.

The source described the chaos at the UK Border Agency as officials struggle to keep pace with the number of new arrivals and a backlog of old cases.

Lacklustre security measures around the Calais port area and the Channel Tunnel are just the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Systems for handling asylum seekers and issuing work permits and student visas were all flawed. The source claimed that behind the scenes the agency is resorting to desperate measures to conceal its failure to cope.

He said illegal immigrants in detention centres are graded according to how dangerous they are perceived to be to the public. Those seen as low-risk are usually released when centres fill up and then "lost" by the authorities.

He said: "In detention centres, we have something called a 'harm matrix'. All detainees get graded A, B or C. When we're full up, we let out some Bs and Cs. The scale of the problem is beyond anything people have heard. The official figures are all a sham. The situation is unmanageable."

The official, who has worked at UKBA for several years, claims the immigration system is in even more disarray than it was under Labour, as budget cuts threaten to undermine controls further.

Shadow Home Office Minister Gerry Sutcliffe said: "These are very serious allegations from within the UK Border Agency.

"People want to know that immigration rules are being properly enforced."
[Site link]

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Border controls – European Union
New EU guards to police our borders
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 30 May 2011

A European quango could take control of British border guards under alarming new plans to create an EU-wide immigration agency.

Proposals passed by the European Parliament's home affairs committee call for member states to staff an EU Border Guard System.

If MEPs get their way, the new agency will get a multi-million pound budget and be able to deploy officers without consulting governments who supply them.

Critics say plans to reorganise the existing Frontex border agency are a first step towards creating a continental immigration system.

The scheme is contained in a review of the Warsaw-based EU border agency, conducted by Maltese MEP Dr Simon Busuttil.

It says the various operations carried out by Frontex should be merged into one EU Border Guard system and recommends an increase in its already bloated budget so it can buy its own planes, boats and other equipment. The review also says all EU member states – including Britain – should be ordered to contribute officers to a pool of border guards.

It also insists members sign a "solidarity clause", which would force Britain to take a share of all refugees arriving in the EU, whichever country they land in.

While Britain is not signed up to Frontex, the proposals say all member states should be compelled to take part in the new system.

The European Commission is still trying to force Britain to join Frontex. The report calls for analysis of "the need for the further development of the EU Border Guard system and for the agency to employ independent guards acting under its instructions". ...

When Frontex was first set up in 2005, it had a budget of just £5.3 million. That has risen to £95.5 million and next year it will top £124 million.

The UK Border Agency said: "The UK is not a participant in the Frontex Regulation, so this proposal does not apply to the UK."
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Border controls – employment
UK border agency 'no grip' on people with expired visas
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 17 May 2011

The UK Border Agency has not done enough to ensure that an estimated 181,000 migrant workers and students whose visas have expired since December 2008 have actually left the country, MPs say.

The report by the Commons public accounts committee says UKBA has so little grip on the problem that it cannot even verify the 181,000 estimate, and does not try to enforce the duty of employers to ensure that the people they recruit from abroad leave the country when their visa expires.

The criticism comes as the Home Office has "clarified" its policies of capping the number of skilled migrant workers and reforming student visas to reduce net migration "from the hundreds of thousands to the tens of thousands".

The latest Home Office business plan now says that reducing net migration will be the "anticipated" result of introducing the migrant cap "and other policies", rather than its direct outcome.

As far as student visas reforms are concerned – which the home secretary, Theresa May, has predicted will reduce net migration by up to 80,000 – the reduction in numbers is now only regarded as a "likely consequence".

This softening of language appears to deliberately prepare the ground should the net migration target be missed by the time of the next general election.

Margaret Hodge, who chairs the public accounts committee, said the MPs were concerned about the lack of control over tens of thousands of workers who enter Britain each year through the intra-company transfer system, which allows multinational companies to transfer their staff to the UK and is not covered by the immigration cap.

Hodge said: "The UKBA has not got a grip on making sure that migrant workers whose visas have expired actually leave the UK. It estimates that 181,000 such workers are staying on without permission, but it can't even verify the figures, and does not try to enforce the employers' duty to ensure that people leave when they are required to do so."

She added that UKBA had not exercised proper checks on sponsoring employers and visited only one in five of those who applied for licences.

"The fundamental point is that the agency lacks the management information needed to manage migrant numbers and ensure that the rules are complied with," she said.
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Border controls – employment
Chaos as 181,000 migrants vanish after visas run out
Martyn Brown
Daily Express, 17 May 2011

Border officials are slammed by MPs today in a scathing report which reveals they have lost track of 181,000 migrants whose visas have expired.

The UK Border Agency lacks the information to manage immigration effectively, the Commons' Committee of Public Accounts says. And it warns the current points-based system is failing to protect British jobs.

It added that the UKBA, hampered by a lack of exit controls, failed to monitor migrants' right to remain. Some 181,000 people who should have left may still be in the country, the agency estimates. ...

The MPs found the lack of control over firms using the intra-company transfer route to bring migrant workers to the UK risked harming the interests of British citizens.

Tens of thousands of IT workers from outside the European Economic Area use the scheme, which is not covered by the Government's immigration cap, to come to the UK at a time when Britons with IT skills cannot find work. The scheme allows multinational companies to send workers from outside the EEA to UK branches if they earn above £40,000.

However, up to 40 per cent of the salary can consist of living allowances and checks on the scheme are "much more limited" than in other areas of the immigration system.

"In these circumstances, some companies may use cheaper workers from outside the EEA rather than UK resident workers," the committee said.

"We are concerned the agency has not been doing enough to protect resident workers and ensure that migrant workers and sponsoring employers comply with immigration rules."

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch UK, said: "The main reason the system is so deeply flawed is that the basis of the UK's immigration control, the face-to-face interview, no longer plays any part in the process.

"The points-based system has turned out to be a box-ticking exercise that places the initiative with those who have a financial interest in a visa being granted. No wonder employers prefer it."
[Site link]

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Border controls – illegal immigrants
Where are they? 181,000 with expired visas are still in Britain
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 17 May 2011

Around 181,000 migrants are thought to be living in Britain unlawfully after their visas expired, a report said last night.

The total includes students and workers from outside the EU who should have left the country in the past two-and-a-half years.

UK Border Agency bosses came under fire from MPs after admitting they have no idea how many have returned home because they do not count people out of the country.

A new system to monitor electronically everyone who departs will not be fully in place for at least another two years.

The report, by the Commons Public Accounts Committee, warned the agency not to use the lack of exit controls as an 'excuse' to ignore thousands who are overstaying illegally.

Committee chairman Margaret Hodge said: 'The agency has not got a grip on making sure that migrant workers whose visas have expired actually leave the UK.

'It estimates that 181,000 such workers are staying on without permission – but it can't even verify the figures, and does not try to enforce the employer's duty to ensure that the people they bring in leave when they are required to do so.'
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Border controls – illegal immigrants
300 calls a day on illegal migrants
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 13 May 2011

Immigration officials receive 300 reports a day of suspected illegal migrants and other abuses, a watchdog disclosed today.

But the "unacceptable" way in which the UK Border Agency handles intelligence meant it was unable to say whether any of the reports has led to an arrest.

A separate report, also by John Vine, the independent chief inspector of the agency, disclosed that plans to arrest suspected illegal immigrants had to be delayed because of a lack of detention space.

The agency receives 2,100 calls from the public with allegations of immigration abuse every week. These include suspected illegal workers, illegal entry and sham marriages. ...

Mr Vine said: "There is a real need for the agency to focus more rigorously on the actual outcome of intelligence."
[Newspaper link]

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Border controls – family visas
Overseas relatives of British families to lose visit visa appeal rights
Alan Travis and Owen Bowcott
The Guardian, 9 May 2011

Ministers are to scrap the right of appeal for more than 80,000 relatives of British families who are refused visas to visit them each year, according to a leaked Home Office policy paper seen by the Guardian.

Senior Whitehall officials have warned that the move is considered highly controversial, particularly within Britain's Asian communities, as well as being legally risky.

Home Office ministers have been told they need to "warm up colleagues in government for these potentially controversial changes", starting with the Conservative party co-chairman, Baroness Warsi, the only British Pakistani in the coalition government. ...

The move echoes the robust approach expected later this year when ministers unveil plans to curb the number of family members coming to settle in Britain as part of the push to cut net migration to the "tens of thousands".

The leaked Home Office submission to the immigration minister outlines a bid for secondary legislation in the new parliamentary session starting this autumn to abolish appeal rights for family visitors. It also discloses that ministers want to scrap the right of appeal for thousands of skilled migrant workers in Britain who want to extend or renew their visas under the points-based system.

More than 420,000 visa applications were made for temporary visits by close relatives of British families in 2010, at a cost of more than £70 each. Of the decisions made last year, 350,000 family visit visas were granted, 88,000 were turned down. More than 63,000 of those who were refused, appealed against the decision and around 36% were allowed to come to Britain on appeal.

The policy paper concedes the appeal success rate "might be perceived as high" but claims a large proportion of appeals are allowed because they involve the submission of further evidence. Officials argue that, in these cases, relatives should have to pay for a new visa application rather than make an appeal. ...

Abolishing the right of appeal could save the UKBA between £8m and £12m a year, and the justice ministry up to £24m in the cost of immigration judges and tribunals.

Douglas's letter acknowledges there are "possible challenges" to the move, including on human rights grounds.

"Removing family visit appeals is not without legal risk," he notes. "This is mitigated to some extent by the fact that potentially some residual rights would have to remain to allow for appeals on the basis of the Human Rights Act 1998 or the Race Relations Act 1976." ...

Family visitors include grandparents, aunts, uncles, nephews and first cousins, as well as immediate family.
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Border controls – Australia, illegal immigration
Canberra 'paralysed' on border control
Greg Sheridan
The Australian, 2 May 2011

The opposition is right to seek a stronger regime of enforcement for detention centres. Under measures proposed by the opposition's immigration spokesman, Scott Morrison, detainees who engage in violent or unruly conduct could face a range of penalties below criminal sanctions.

This is sensible policy and in accordance with the public's expectations. It also highlights the growing weakness of the Gillard government on border-control issues.

But Morrison made a much more devastating point on Sky-TV's Australian Agenda program yesterday.

The key question, he said, is the government's resolve.

The illegal immigration industry recognises resolve and it also recognises a lack of it.

The Gillard government exudes weakness from every pore on border control. At every point, the illegal immigration industry has broken the will of the government.

The government's policies in this area are like a shattered pane of glass – ragged, injurious and impossible to repair.

The government is now paralysed on border control. It can merely react, increasingly ineffectively, to the growing aggression and self-confidence of the illegal immigration industry.

Every announcement of tough measures is shown soon enough to lack credibility.

Immigration Minister Chris Bowen threatens to use the character test to deny visas to those guilty of violence or unruly behaviour in detention centres. Then it turns out that Bowen does not make such determinations and detention-centre inmates have acquired criminal convictions and then gone on to acquire permanent resident visas.

The illegal immigration industry has got the government completely sussed.

Now it is in the process of making the detention-centre network completely unworkable.

In order to defuse tensions in the detention centres, processing times will be cut and people will be released as permanent residents sooner than ever.

They will win the prize of permanent residency and they will confirm the product the people-smugglers have to sell.

For Morrison also underlined the other key reality that highlights the government's weakness: virtually none of the asylum-seekers are ever sent home against their will.

So criminal convictions are no bar, no one gets sent back, the detention centres are unmanageable and the flow of boats is ever increasing.

This represents comprehensive failure by Labor.

The other important policy lead from Morrison yesterday was that the Coalition will neither embrace nor contest the government's new enthusiasm for multiculturalism. At the same time, the Liberal Party would champion Australian diversity.

It's a good combination if the opposition can stick to it.
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Border controls – illegal immigrants
Half a million illegals to stay in Britain because staff are too busy to find them
Mail Online, 3 April 2011

Cuts in border staff mean that more than half a million illegal immigrants are being allowed to remain in Britain.

The immigration service is closing its files on illegals who have slipped through the net and lived in the country for at least five years as staff are too busy to look for them, the News of the World reveals today.

Protesting UK Border Agency staff have been working to rule for a month due to government cuts which will cause 8,500 job losses by 2015.

A total of 776 posts have gone in Croydon with more set to be axed in Liverpool and Sheffield.

A senior official told the News of the World: 'We were suddenly told to stop chasing old case files because we don't have the manpower any more.

'We're still busy stopping people coming into the country and targeting illegal gangs.

'But if you've been here for five years and kept your nose clean, no-one will come after you.'

A Home Office source confirmed there were about 500,000 'less important' files which were being closed.
[Site link]

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Border controls – repatriation
Migrants paid to leave can return after two years
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 17 March 2011

Illegal immigrants and failed asylum seekers already paid to go home are being offered a fresh "bribe" to leave by being told they can come back after two years.

Thousands of migrants who are in the country unlawfully or who have had asylum requests rejected are already offered "voluntary return" packages worth up to £2,000 of taxpayers' money.

But immigration rules say they are not allowed to apply to come back to Britain for at least five years after they have left. Damian Green, the immigration minister, has announced that this automatic ban has been reduced to two years in the hope of encouraging more illegal immigrants to take up voluntary return.
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Border controls
Border Agency 'put profit first'
Guardian / Press Association, 16 February 2011

Hundreds of migrant workers are left living in the UK illegally as the UK Border Agency puts profits before securing the country's borders, an independent watchdog has said.

John Vine, the independent chief inspector of the UKBA, said the perception among staff was that the agency's emphasis "was always on income-generating work first".

Controlling immigration and the quality of decisions over cases were not as much of a priority as generating income and providing customer service, many staff said.

Limited resources and the lower priority of curtailment actions compared with other work which generated more income were both blamed.

Mr Vine called for the agency to act promptly to return those living in the UK illegally.

"If people no longer qualify to stay in the UK according to their visa conditions, then they must be required to leave the country," he said.
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Border controls – fake passports
Siege at heart of passport system
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 5 February 2011

Britain's passport system is "under siege" from illegal immigrant fraudsters, a judge said yesterday.

Judge Simon Pratt made his comments as he jailed a Nigerian cleaner who was caught with two bogus passports.

He told Croydon Crown Court: "It is a prevalent offence, so prevalent it seems the whole passport system is under some kind of siege."

The court heard how immigration officials found the passports and a forged national insurance number during a raid on Dorothy Onwumere's home in south-east London. She told officials she paid £600 for the passports. ...

Last night Gerard Batten, immigration spokesman for Ukip, said: "The judge is completely right. The UK passport system is in total chaos and it is awash with fraudsters and criminals looking to make a quick buck at our expense. Anyone caught with a fake passport should be automatically deported."

A Home Office spokesman said the woman would be sent back to Nigeria after serving her sentence.
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Border controls – multiculturalism, USA
Mi casa no es su casa: Why libertarians are wrong on illegal immigration.
Gregory Smith
Libertarians 4 Freedom, 31 January 2011

Libertarians have been accusing me of being a "secular conservative" for having politically incorrect views on immigration. Mainly, I see illegal aliens as law-breakers, and like law-breakers they deserve a punishment instead of the defeated Dream Act.

While all libertarians respect the concept of private property when it comes to their homes, they don't necessarily see America as a private property. They see it as a Wal-Mart where everyone can come in and spend their money. Yet America is not a Super Center, at Wal-Mart you have to pay for the doctor you see and leave when the store closes, not to mention that a baby born at Wal-Mart doesn't become a stockholder with voting rights.

Now I will admit that to a business owner more people means more customers, banks today accept the Mexican ID to make sure that the illegals don't put their money under the mattress. But if business is everything, why not tolerate fraud, tax cheating, money-laundering, drug dealing, white slavery, and plenty of other "business" practices that are quite illegal? Just like society didn't tolerate Leona Helmsley when she cheated on her taxes, society cannot tolerate breaking and entering whether it's a property or a country.

Yet in America we are being told that it's racist to wear old glory on Cinco de Mayo, government forms must be translated into Spanish, and Hispanic kids in Arizona must get pro-Mexican education classes. If Mexico won't teach the greatness of George Washington, why should they learn about Pancho Villa?

So as someone who loves America, I simply have to say, "mi casa no es su casa," mi [my] home is not your home. If you come here, do it legally, adapt to our culture, embrace our traditions, learn our language and don't demand any special treatment because this is not the Minority States of America but the US of A.

And if you think I'm a racist for saying that, try getting a job in Mexico without knowing Spanish, try telling a Mexican school to give your child bilingual education, sue a company because they didn't translate their legal disclaimer into English, or call people racist for wearing Mexican colors on the Fourth of July. Frankly, if the Mexicans can celebrate their culture, why can't we? If they're not afraid of offending us, why are we? The answer is we have been duped into believing that we are the bad guys and everyone else is the good guy. If that's the case, why is everyone coming here?

So to my libertarian friends, wake up! Open borders is like free trade, it doesn't work unless everyone else is doing it. Americans in foreign countries get VISAS or face deportation, while that may be unrealistic with 10 million illegal aliens, I propose they either pay a $20,000 fine or face prison, or they can simply go back to where they came from. That amount is based on how much a legal alien I know had to spend between student visas, H1-b's and his greencard.

In the end, if it's expensive to follow the law, it shouldn't be cheap to break it.
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Border controls
Borders 'made less secure by Labour' say frontline staff
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 18 January 2011

Britain's border guards have delivered a damning verdict on Labour's supposedly 'tough' immigration system.

In an official survey, nearly three quarters of staff working on the front line said the changes made the border less secure.

But migrants asked their views on the system - attacked for allowing arrivals to spiral out of control - were overwhelmingly in favour.

More than 80 per cent of visa applicants said the system was fair, easy to understand and 'user-friendly'.

Businesses and universities bringing migrants in to work or study in Britain were similarly in favour. ...

The Australian-style points system, introduced by Gordon Brown, was intended to cut arrivals from outside the EU, with numbers of economic migrants expected to fall by as much as 12 per cent.

But it was branded 'shambolic' after analysis showed that economic migration actually increased by 20 per cent, while the number of foreign students went up by more than 30 per cent.

Less than a year after it was brought in, ministers were forced to suspend applications from several countries, including Bangladesh and Nepal, because of fears student routes were being abused by economic migrants.

In just twelve months the number of visas issued in Bangladesh increased by 645 per cent.

At the time, some border staff watching arrivals at UK ports and airports reported migrants arriving who could barely speak English, despite having met supposedly strict admission criteria.

The Home Office survey of nearly 2000 immigration staff was carried between April and May last year.

Around half of all UK Border Agency staff - including backroom workers tasked with processing applications - said the country's borders appeared less secure since the system was brought in.

But that view was held by 71 per cent of Border Force staff who work on the front line.
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CITIZENSHIP

Citizenship – national identity
Down in the dumps? You should be more patriotic! People happiest when they feel like they 'belong' to a country
Katie Silver
Daily Mail, 13 December 2011

Feeling proud to be British makes you feel good about life in general, according to scientists.

They found that the kind of pride that makes people happiest is when they feel they 'belong' to a country, regardless of ethnicity.

Researchers studied interviews of 41,000 residents of 31 European nations and found civic pride was most linked to a general feeling of well being.

This is often because those who felt a country's laws, traditions and institutions made them feel they belonged often had a better quality of life overall.

The study was conducted jointly by political scientists and sociologists at Washington's American University and Belgium's Catholic University.

They found the links between national pride and happiness were high across Europe.

But they were highest where a person felt the country in which they lived contributed to their overall lifestyle rather than their own ethnic background.

National pride - where a person declares, for instance, that they are proud to be a German, or a Brit or a Spaniard - led to an increase in overall happiness.

But the increases were greater among those who expressed a civic pride - defined as a respect for the way their country is run which defines their everyday lives.

Matthew Wright, of American University and Tim Reeskens of Catholic University, said it was more than pure flag waving patriotism that made people happy.

The study, published in the journal Psychological Science, said: 'Civic nationalism is more inclusive, requiring respect for a country's institutions and laws for belonging.

'Unlike ethnic nationalism, that view is open to minorities or immigrants, at least in principle.'

It added: 'More national pride correlated with greater personal well-being.

'But the civic nationalists were on the whole happier, and even the proudest ethnic nationalists' well-being barely surpassed that of people with the lowest level of civic pride.'

Matthew Wright said: 'You have to look at how people define their pride.'
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Citizenship – right to settle
The end of the great British passport giveaway?
James Slack
Daily Mail, 4 October 2011

Labour took an astonishingly relaxed attitude to the issuing of citizenship to foreign nationals.

During the party's last full year in power, 203,790 immigrants were given passports – or one every three minutes.

It was the highest level since records began in 1962 and meant that more than 1.5 million foreign nationals became British citizens under Labour.

The system was engineered in such a way that, provided somebody worked or lived here for four or five years, they would allowed to settle here permanently.

No thought was given to whether Britain required their skills permanently, or how much they had contributed to society. Rather, if a person stayed here long enough, that was good enough.

Very belatedly, Labour realised that adding ever more people to the UK population – on a permanent basis – was becoming unsustainable.

So it came up with a new set of rules called 'earned citizenship'. In theory, it looked good. Ministers said that a migrant would only be able to obtain a passport, after living legally in the UK for six years, provided they completed 50 hours of community service.

If they did not, they had to wait for eight years.

However, as with pretty much everything Labour touched on immigration, it quickly descended into farce.

Instead of meaningful voluntary work – Labour had suggested running a scout group - ministers decided foreign [nationals] could be entitled to passports simply for standing on picket lines or political canvassing.

Critics pointed to the historic relationship between Labour and the unions. Migrants cannot vote until they become citizens - so, by using union membership to speed their applications, Labour was potentially swelling its own support.

Labour lost the election and the idea was ditched before it was even introduced. Now it's the Tories turn to have a go.

Under the latest plans, the Home Office will abolish a rule that gives foreign workers the right to live permanently in Britain after working here for five years. Officials will also restrict the right of their family members to join them.

The government will also look at restricting the right of immigrants' spouses to a British passport if they stay here long enough.

Foreigners will still be able to gain a visa to work in Britain but will no longer be able to stay simply by virtue of remaining legally for five years.

The policy will be based on introducing a new 'hurdle' for those who want to remain permanently.

A new test would be applied before a permanent right to remain is granted - based on immigrants' ability to support themselves and their families, qualifications and whether they are working in professions where there are shortages of trained Britons able to fulfil the role.

Those on high incomes, businessmen and millionaire investors would be exempt because the government believes they create jobs. EU nationals who have a right to live in the UK would not be affected.
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Citizenship – right to settle
Curb on immigrants' rights to settle here as rule that allows them to stay after working for five years set for axe
James Slack
Daily Mail, 3 October 2011

Tens of thousands of immigrants will be stripped of the right to settle in the UK permanently under Home Office proposals.

Ministers are to crack down on a regime which allowed a record 241,000 foreigners to settle here last year – up from 51,000 when Labour came to power.

They plan to abolish a rule that gives those from abroad the right to live in Britain permanently if they work here for five years. ...

Under the plans, to be published before the end of this year, foreigners will still be able to gain a visa to work in Britain, but they will no longer be able to remain here permanently simply by virtue of staying in the country legally for five years.

A Whitehall source said: 'We want to break the link between working and settling in Britain. It has become almost automatic for people who keep their noses clean and don't get a criminal record.

'The Government is not against people coming here to work, but that shouldn't automatically mean they get to stay in Britain forever.'
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Citizenship – global citizenship
Why is it wrong to put this country first?
Patrick O'Flynn
Daily Express, 23 July 2011

Setting out his reasons for wanting a freeze on immigration Lord Glasman, the instigator of the so-called "Blue Labour" movement, said: "Britain is not an outpost of the UN. We have to put the people in this country first."

A country putting its own people first – you might have thought that such a notion would be wholly uncontroversial. But the outraged reaction of Left-wingers, who forced him to apologise, and the failure of even Tories to support Glasman tells us a lot about the gulf between the political system and the vast bulk of the British public.

Glasman believes that Labour will thrive again only when it understands the importance of strong community bonds – what is known in political jargon as "social solidarity".

He thinks that people are much more likely to support and be prepared to pay for collective endeavours when community spirit is high. And all the evidence suggests mass uncontrolled immigration weakens bonds of community, causing voters to ask why they are paying taxes to bankroll people with whom they have little in common.

But instead of honouring social solidarity at home, most MPs across the three main parties support a rival ideology that is best summed up by the phrase "global citizenship".

This idea holds that recognising our common humanity should be the dominant force behind political action. Thus it marginalises the nation state.

The dominance of the global citizenship view at Westminster explains why, for instance, all three parties support massively increasing the overseas aid budget despite the parlous state of our national finances.

Andrew Mitchell, the International Development Secretary, has distilled the rationale for this policy into a smug soundbite: "This Government will not balance the books on the backs of the poorest children in the world." Whenever he utters it in the Commons chamber he gets vocal support from Lib Dems, Labour MPs and Cameron Conservatives alike.

Yet this Government is quite content to balance the books on the backs of British children – trebling student fees, abolishing educational maintenance allowance and planning to scrap child benefit for families with an adult paying 40 per cent income tax.

The ideology of global citizenship has led ministers to prioritise the children of the Third World simply because they are poorer.

The great 1945 Labour administration was motivated and sustained by a desire to provide "homes fit for heroes" – housing for Britain's returning servicemen and their families who had seen out the Blitz in a shared national endeavour.

But these days Labour is more energised by campaigning to protect huge housing benefit cheques for immigrant families. And its policy review is full of committees considering how further to boost overseas aid.

Again the ideology of global citizenship is eclipsing the need to bolster social solidarity at home. ...

Yet while the elite is inspired by the idea of global citizenship it has little hold on the loyalties of most of us. The public is far more likely to respond to national ties.

...
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Citizenship – passports
UK's 204,000 passports giveaway
Tom Morgan
Daily Express, 11 June 2011

Britain handed out passports at the "astonishing" rate of almost two every five minutes to make it the most open country in Europe to immigrants.

New research showed yesterday that an incredible 204,000 foreign nationals won British citizenship in 2009 – the highest across the continent.

That is 50 per cent more than second-placed France which let 136,000 become citizens.

It is more than double the 96,000 given the right to become German. Both countries are vastly bigger than the UK.

The figures, from the EU's statistical wing Eurostat, came in the week the same body released predictions that the UK would leapfrog France and Germany to become the most populated EU country by 2060.

An estimated 79 million people would be crammed in. ...

Yesterday's figures revealed that UK passports were handed to more one in four of the 776,000 new citizens welcomed into the EU in 2009.

The EU total marked a 77,000 rise – 11 per cent – on the previous 12 months. The figure of 203,600 ushered into the UK was 74,000 – 57 per cent – up on the 2008 figure of 129,300.

The huge rise can be partially accounted for by the "virtual amnesty" granted to asylum seekers whose files were discovered in a backlog of nearly 450,000 applications in 2006.

The majority of those getting British passports were Indians with 13 per cent – 26,500 – followed by 21,000 Pakistanis and 12,000 from both Bangladesh and the Philippines.
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Citizenship – USA
$3.5million ad campaign launched by the government to promote citizenship to immigrants
Daily Mail, 25 May 2011

A multi-million dollar advertisement campaign will be launched by the government to encourage more immigrants to become American citizens, officials have announced.

Multi-lingual print, radio and digital adverts will feature testimonials from immigrants born in China, Mexico, Vietnam and other countries, sharing their personal stories of success running businesses, educating their families and even running for office in America.

The huge campaign - the first of its kind - aims to reach roughly 7.9 million immigrants eligible to apply to for citizenship in an effort to make them integrate with the general public. Sceptics, however, argue that with little real incentive for immigrants to become citizens, the adverts will be costly but ineffective.

The campaign, which will run primarily in California, New York, Florida and Texas between May 30 and Labor Day, aims to put citizenship in the forefront of immigrants' minds.

It will run in English, Spanish, Chinese and Vietnamese, providing inspirational stories of assimilation before pointing immigrants to a government web site where they can download application forms and materials to help them study for a citizenship test.

It is thought many immigrants do not apply for citizenship because they fear their English is not good enough or simply see no practical reason to do so. ...

The effort, which will cost $3.5 million over three years, is part of an $11 million allotment by Congress to encourage greater immigrant integration.

About 64 percent of immigrants naturalise and it takes them on average nine-and-a-half years to apply to do so, Stiefel said. ...

Immigrants may apply to become U.S. citizens if they have a green card for five years, show good moral character and pass English and civics tests.
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Citizenship – illegal immigrants
Keeping hidden wins migrants rights
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 16 May 2011

Thousands of illegal immigrants have been granted "squatters' rights" to stay in Britain permanently because they have managed to stay hidden for 14 years.

Almost 9,000 migrants in the country unlawfully have been able to take advantage of a rule that grants them permanent residence.

It means they have the same rights as a British citizen, including full access to the welfare state, despite being here illegally for almost a decade and a half.

They can also apply for a British passport. The regulation was introduced by Labour in 2003 and critics last night said it had created an "amnesty in slow motion". A further 22,600 migrants have been granted indefinite leave to remain after being in the country lawfully for 10 years even though they were not on visas that lead to settlement rights.

The figures, given to MPs in a parliamentary written answer, come as the immigration service came under attack for its inability to efficiently tackle illegal migrants. ...

The rules allowing illegal immigrants to claim residence after 14 years previously existed as a loose concession, but were formalised by Labour in 2003.

They mean anyone who had managed to live undetected for that period of time can then apply to the Home Office for "indefinite leave to remain". Only those with a bad criminal record effectively stand a chance of being rejected.

Since 2003, some 8,948 illegal immigrants have been granted a permanent stay and the rate is increasing.

Up to 2009, the annual approval rate ranged between 700 and 900 a year but increased to 2,061 in that year and 1,774 last year. In 2005, a report for the Home Office estimated there could be up to 570,000 illegal immigrants in Britain. ...

Under the rule, illegal immigrants only have to wait four years longer than the period of time required of lawful immigrants to claim indefinite leave.

Those who stayed on a visa that does not lead to settlement rights, such as student visas, have to wait 10 years before applying for the same concession. Since 2003, some 22,635 lawful migrants have been granted a permanent stay under the rule.
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CRIME

Crime – politics, Belgium
Slaughter at Liege: political quackery is the Belgian reply to depravity
M.E. Synon
Mail Online, 16 December 2011

... on cannabis and the massacre in the Belgian city of Liege carried out by Nordine Amrani ... ...

..., so I asked Dan Peterson to comment on the slaughter, and on the fact that the Belgian authorities let a known violent criminal keep an arsenal. Peterson is a writer and firearms lawyer practicing in Northern Virginia

... ...

And with that, I will turn over the rest of this post to what firearms law expert Peterson has to say on the slaughter: ...

Although press reports conflict, here's what we have learned about the murderer, Nordine Amrani. A Belgian citizen of Moroccan descent, Amrani was well known to the police. ...

Among other crimes, he was convicted of rape in 2003, for which he was given a two year suspended sentence.

In 2007, police raided Amrani's flat. There they discovered a cache of arms and a shed filled with 2800 marijuana plants. In 2008, he was sentenced to five years in prison, but was released on parole in October 2010.

Shortly after his early release, he was suspected of sexually attacking a young woman after driving alongside her in his van. As part of the investigation, the police ordered him to report for an interview.

Instead, on the morning he was to appear, he killed a 45-year old cleaning woman with a bullet through the head. ...

He then raced to the busy market in the Place St. Lambert, where he lobbed grenades into the crowd and opened fire with a rifle on Christmas shoppers, babies, and schoolchildren. He killed at least six individuals and wounded more than a hundred and twenty other people before finally taking his own despicable life.

The BBC reported that Belgian authorities 'will now need to examine whether there was anything to indicate in advance that Amrani might have posed a danger to the public.' Prosecutor Daniele Reynders detected no warning signs, stating that 'At no moment in any of the judicial proceedings against him was there any sign of him being mentally disturbed.' ...

The problem is not the supply of dangerous weapons. The problem is the supply of dangerous people.
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Crime – racism, injustice, political correctness
The truth about our liberal elite and race crime
Leo McKinstry
Daily Express, 9 December 2011

The dogma of political correctness is dangerously weakening Britain's traditional concept of justice.

Our ruling elite are so deluded by the ideology of cultural diversity that they have lost the ability to protect the innocent and punish the guilty.

That is the only conclusion to be drawn from the outrageous leniency shown by a court this week towards a gang of Somalian Muslim women who savagely beat up a white woman in Leicester city centre. In a brutal, unprovoked assault, the thugs knocked Rhea Page to the ground, then repeatedly kicked in the head while calling her a "white bitch" and "white slag". ...

Incredibly, despite the ferocity of the attack, the judge gave the girls only suspended sentences, even though he could have jailed them for up to five years. ...

Just as troubling was the failure of the authorities to charge the gang with racially-aggravated assault. For nothing could be more racially abusive than their barbaric cry of "kill the white bitch". ...

The case makes a mockery of the idea of equality before the law - one of the cornerstones of liberal democracy.

The reluctance to imprison Ms Page's attackers is so indicative of the supine, guilt-ridden mindset of our modern ruling class, where cowardice is dressed up as cultural sensitivity and self-loathing masquerades as tolerance.

This mentality, which is tearing apart the moral bonds of our civilisation, can be seen all around us. ... ...

As Detective Inspector Alan Edwards, an expert in the field, has said, "Everyone's been too scared to address the ethnicity factor."

In the twisted world of our civic institutions, minorities are always seen as victims. ...

Tremendous double standards are at work over race crime. Racial killings of whites are frequently downplayed or forgotten. ...

Peter Fahy, one of Britain's leading chief constables, once said that political correctness means it is "harder to get the media interested" when the victims are "young white men".

The British establishment is guilty of nothing less than reverse racism. Their members, from judges to politicians, think they are enlightened and compassionate. But in truth they are filled with prejudice.

For often they refuse to expect the same standards of civilised behaviour from certain minorities that they demand of the indigenous population.

Such a perverted outlook is the opposite of equality. In the name of anti-racism, they have ended up in the bizarre position of promoting discrimination.

That is no way to achieve the integration and cohesion that our society so badly needs.
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Crime – attitudes
Dr Rowan Williams's message: Thou shalt happily riot to your heart's content
Allison Pearson
Daily Telegraph, 8 December 2011

The Archbishop of Canterbury should have taken a Christian moral lead in condemning rioters rather than sympathising with them.

... Dr Rowan Williams wrote an article in The Guardian this week, responding to interviews which that newspaper and the London School of Economics had conducted with 270 people who rioted across England back in August. The researchers concluded that a complex mix of grievances (poverty, inequality) brought youths out onto the streets as well as a dismayingly simple greed for what some called "free stuff". But the project's main finding seems to be that the rioters don't like the police. I know, extraordinary, isn't it?

As three-quarters of those charged turned out to have previous convictions (and one in four had committed ten prior offences), perhaps it's not entirely surprising that interviewees revealed a "deep-seated and sometimes visceral antipathy" towards the police. ... ...

Incredibly, the Archbishop spares not a single word for the innocent victims of the violence, or the shopkeepers who bravely fought back. ...

"We may well wince when some describe how the riots brought them a feeling of intense joy, liberation, power," writes the Archbishop, "But we have to ask what kind of life it is in which your emotional highs come from watching a shop torched or a policeman hit by a brick?"

Must we really ask that question, Archbishop? Or should Christians and other law-abiding people send out the message that, regardless of your circumstances, setting fire to someone's business or hitting a fellow human with a brick is always, always wrong?
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Crime
Police check just one in seven foreign criminals' records, even after they are arrested
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 7 December 2011

Police are failing to check the criminal histories of tens of thousands of foreign offenders – even after they are arrested in the UK.

Officers request details from a suspect's home country in just one in seven investigations involving EU nationals, according to a Home Office review.

And each year, around 30,000 foreign offenders who pass through the courts do so without anyone knowing the full extent of their criminal past.

Judges are therefore unaware if the offender they are sentencing is a convicted rapist, murderer or paedophile – or someone with no criminal history at all.

In the worst cases, it could mean the alert is not sounded when dangerous offenders wanted on the continent are picked up in Britain.

Without information on their criminal past, an offender could face a much shorter sentence, be bailed even though they present a threat to the public or escape deportation.

Details of the way officers are failing to carry out even basic checks emerged in a Home Office review of criminal records systems.

Sunita Mason, the independent advisor on criminal records in England and Wales, said: 'It is clear that we should be making such checks routinely when EU nationals are arrested and charged.

'Even minor offending in the UK might lead to the disclosure of much more serious offending overseas.'

Under EU data-sharing rules, officers can ask to see the records of any EU nationals they arrest.

Of the 35,000 EU nationals charged with criminal offences in England and Wales last year, checks were ordered on just 5,500.

A similar proportion – 15 per cent – of the EU nationals arrested in this country had their criminal histories explored.

Astonishingly, police may not even be aware they can request the records, the report found. Miss Mason also warned funding for the UK body which handles requests to foreign forces is in doubt.

She said: 'To not address this issue is a potentially huge public protection risk.' ...

The Association of Chief Police Officers said many offenders refused to say where they were from or lied about their nationality, making it difficult for officers to find out about their past.

The 'free movement' directive means it is virtually impossible to stop EU citizens with criminal convictions from entering Britain. Even in cases where officials are aware of serious convictions, criminals cannot automatically be turned away.

Regulations say they can be barred to maintain public security, but 'convictions in themselves do not constitute grounds for taking such measures'.

In reality, they allow all but the very worst criminals free access to the UK.
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Crime – USA
New Orleans Struggles to Stem Homicides
Campbell Robertson
New York Times, 7 December 2011

Of all the challenges facing the city of New Orleans, none is as urgent or as relentlessly grim as the city's homicide rate. It was measured at 10 times the national average in 2010, long before shootings on Halloween night in the crowded French Quarter revealed to a larger public what was going on in poor neighborhoods around the city every week. There were 51 homicides per 100,000 residents here last year, compared with less than 7 per 100,000 in New York or 23 in similar-size Oakland, Calif.

"From September of last year to February of this year," said Mayor Mitch Landrieu in a recent speech, after reciting a litany of killings from one city high school, "a student attending John McDonogh was more likely to be killed than a soldier in Afghanistan." ...

New Orleans has long been a violent town; in 1994, there were 421 killings here, one of which was a hit ordered by a police officer. With federal intervention, the homicide rate dropped precipitously but began rising again around 2000 and has been fluctuating since Hurricane Katrina. The killers and their victims are overwhelmingly young black men, according to an analysis of homicide cases by outside experts last March, and sponsored by the federal Bureau of Justice Assistance. As police officials frequently point out to the anger of some families, most victims and offenders had prior contacts with the police, often for violent crimes. Less than a quarter were listed as having a steady job. ...

Many killings in New Orleans are a result of conflicts and vendettas among small, loosely organized groups, the analysis concluded, but in nearly half the cases, the experts listed the primary motive as uncertain or unknown. Only about half the homicide cases are cleared.
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Crime – honour attacks
'Honour' attack numbers revealed by UK police forces
BBC, 3 December 2011

UK police recorded at least 2,823 so-called honour attacks last year, figures from 39 out of 52 forces show.

A freedom of information request by the Iranian and Kurdish Women's Rights Organisation (Ikwro) revealed that nearly 500 of these were in London.

Among the 12 forces also able to provide figures from 2009, there was an overall 47% rise in such incidents.

Honour attacks are punishments on people, usually women, for acts deemed to have brought shame on their family.

Such attacks can include acid attacks, abduction, mutilations, beatings and in some cases, murder.

Ikwro said its research, carried out between July and November, is the best national estimate so far of the extent of honour violence in Britain, although the charity says the figures do not give the full picture.

They found that eight police forces had recorded more than 100 honour-based attacks each in 2010.

The Metropolitan Police had the most at 495, followed by West Midlands (378), West Yorkshire (350), Lancashire (227), Greater Manchester (189), Cleveland (153), Suffolk (118) and Bedfordshire (117). ...

A quarter of police forces in the UK were unable or unwilling to provide data and communities have often been reluctant to talk about the crime, Ikwro said.

Its director Diana Nammi said families often tried to deny the existence of honour attacks and those who carried them out were "very much respected".
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Crime – sex trafficking
Sex trafficking in Scotland: Country has failed to deal with 'dirty secret', says damning new report
Kevan Christie
Daily Record, 28 November 2011

Scotland's failure to tackle the scandal of sex trafficking is exposed in a damning report today.

The report demands a crackdown on the organised crime gangs behind the vile trade and lifts the lid on how the victims of trafficking and exploitation have been let down.

Leading human rights lawyer Baroness Helena Kennedy, who wrote the report for the Equality and Human Rights Commission, is critical of the Scottish government, the police and other law enforcement agencies.

The report looks into all aspects of human trafficking but focuses explicitly on "commercial sexual exploitation".

A source close to the inquiry said last night: "This is Scotland's dirty little secret."

The report criticises the shortfall in public or professional awareness in Scotland of human trafficking and says police have a "significant" intelligence gap on the problem.

It reveals those who are trafficked are being exploited by organised criminals, often held captive in private flats used as brothels and systematically abused.

Other victims are forced into criminal acts such as benefits fraud or cannabis cultivation, exploited on fruit-picking farms or in the hospitality industry or forced into conditions akin to slavery as domestic servants.

The report's 10 recommendations include the establishment of a task force to take on the gangs behind the misery.

And it also calls for laws to be beefed up to punish the criminals heavily when they are caught.

The source said: "The Scottish government and police have not taken the proper steps to combat human trafficking. The problem exists all over Scotland and is not confined to the sex industry.

"People are being shipped in from all over the world to be used as cheap labour and serious gangsters are behind it.

"We've had prostitutes coming from as far away as Brazil, Nigeria and Bolivia to work in Scottish cities and police don't do anything.

"The recommendations made in the report need to be followed up urgently."
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Crime – sexual exploitation of children
Bring these evil men to book: Asian gangs who groom teenage girls for sex to be finally targeted in crackdown
Daily Mail, 21 November 2011

The Government has finally answered the call to protect vulnerable children in danger of sexual exploitation.

It will, this week, publish a National Action Plan designed to make the issue a 'top priority' for every local authority.

The news comes amid a devastating report into the failures of police and care agencies to protect teenage girls who have been groomed, raped and sold by male gangs, most of whom are Asian.

The mother of one teenager from Leeds, who attempted suicide after a gang rape, said her daughter was the victim of a 'broken system.'

'Everyone failed her,' she told The Times. 'There was no sharing of information.

'They (police) had the names and knew where they (abusers) worked yet the men who did this have never once been arrested or spoken to by the police.'

West Yorkshire Police vowed to look again at the case to see if 'there is evidence that can help bring evil men to book'.

Children's charity Barnardos has been calling on the Government to take action on child exploitation since January with its Cut Them Free campaign.

Other caregivers have also suggested that political sensitivities are to blame for a near paralysis of the systems designed to keep children safe.
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Crime – child benefit fraud
Child benefit fraud checks on migrants ignored
Stephen Martin
Sunday Mirror, 20 November 2011

Checks on child benefit claims by migrants to the UK have been scrapped - to speed up the time it takes to process them.

Benefit staff used to write to schools, nurseries and childminders to confirm foreign-born children being claimed for actually did exist and were in the UK.

But that's now been scrapped because it delayed administration of the estimated 7,000 claims for child benefit submitted every week by overseas citizens.

This has prompted fears that hundreds of bogus claims could be paid from child benefit HQ in Washington, Tyne & Wear.

It's known as a "gateway" benefit because, once granted, it opens the door for more lucrative payments such as family tax credits which can be worth thousands - making child benefit a first call for criminal gangs blamed for Britain's £3 billion a year benefit fraud bill.

A source in the Child Benefit office said: "Writing to schools was a sensible way to see if children even existed. We stopped a lot of fraud."

Two weeks ago, a gang of Slovakian fraudsters were jailed in Kent for milking £1.2 million from taxpayers, which started with bogus child benefit claims by 50 fake mothers. Internal figures leaked to the Sunday Mirror reveal that in 2008 around 500 claims a week from overseas citizens were refused.

By 2010, it was down to 200 every week and staff claim this year it's down to 170 a week.

A spokeswoman for HMRC - which runs the Child Benefit office - confirmed staff no longer contact nurseries or schools in checks.

She said they were "archaic and time-consuming" and added: "We did perform those checks.

We don't any more. A robust compliance strategy enables us to tackle fraud effectively.

"The latest full year figures show a decrease in fraud perpetrated."
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Crime – deportation
Foreign criminals are 'building a network of children so they can use human rights law to stay in UK'
Mail on Sunday, 20 November 2011

Foreign criminals facing deportation from Britain are starting 'a network of children' in order to stay in the country, according to the Home Office.

Immigrants due to be kicked out of the UK are convincing judges that being deported would breach their right to a family life.

And for the first time, the Government has admitted that some of those may have started families deliberately in order to stay in Britain.

Many of those who have done this have had children with several different mothers - and some are said to be barely in touch with their families.

The official recognition of the growing problem will strengthen calls to reform the Human Rights Act in order to ensure that the UK can deport those considered to pose a threat to the public.

Any immigrant jailed for more than a year is automatically supposed to be deported, but many judges are ruling that Article 8 of the Human Rights Act, which guarantees the right to family life, means that foreign criminals cannot be separated from their families.
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Crime – border security
UK Border Agency hit by fresh 'bribes for visas' scandal
Josie Ensor
Daily Telegraph, 7 November 2011

Scotland Yard says a high-level employee, whose job was to vet thousands of visa applications from Africa, accepted bribes for allowing Nigerians to enter the country illegally.

Samuel Shoyeju, an entry clearance officer, was arrested while working at the agency's head offices in Croydon, south London, according to the Sunday Times ...

He is due to appear in court later this week, expected to be accused of possessing false Nigerian passports and concealing substantial cash payments to a bank account in his name, either knowing or suspecting that they were the proceeds of criminal conduct.

He is also accused of misconduct in a public office and breaches of the immigration law for allegedly falsely issuing entry visas. ...

Last month Benjamin Orororo, another agency official, was jailed after admitting that he had taken £50,000 in bribes for letting asylum seekers stay indefinitely in Britain.
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Crime – deportation
Britain unable to deport more than 5,000 foreign offenders
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 27 October 2011

The number of foreign prisoners who have come to the end of their sentences but cannot be deported has passed the 5,000 mark, despite repeated pledges by Home Office ministers to speed up removals.

In an inspection report published on Thursday, John Vine, the independent chief inspector of immigration, says the UK Border Agency (UKBA) must do more to manage the 5,375 foreign prisoners who, having completed their sentences, have remained in detention or have been released into the community pending deportation.

Vine also warns that the UKBA would do better to take more account of human rights rulings by judges – particularly those that block deportations on the grounds of article 8 of the Human Rights Act, the right to family life – rather than wasting large sums of taxpayers' money on a futile cycle of further appeals, even though the outcome will be that the former prisoner will be allowed to stay in Britain. ...

The new report shows that a total of 425 deportation cases have been overturned on appeal, the overwhelming majority on human rights grounds. About one in three of the appeals lodged by foreign prisoners against their deportation succeeded in the 12 months to February this year.

Vine says that 5,235 foreign prisoners were deported last year, but a higher number could not be deported. In May this year, there were 3,775 former foreign prisoners who had been released from custody because they could not be deported, and a further 1,600 remained in detention despite completing sentences.
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Crime – youth, jail
Young black men make up four in 10 of youth jail population
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 26 October 2011

Young black men now account for nearly 40% of the population of youth jails in England and Wales, according to a report by the chief inspector of prisons.

The report, published jointly with the youth justice board, shows that the proportion of black and other minority ethnic young men in young offender institutions (YOIs) has risen from 23% in 2006 and 33% in 2009/10 to 39% last year.

The changing demographic profile of the population inside youth jails in England and Wales also shows an increasing proportion of young Muslims, up from 13% last year to 16% this year. Foreign national young men account for a record 6% of the population.
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Crime – riots, rioters
Black and Asian rioters disproportionately involved in disturbances
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 25 October 2011

Black and Asian rioters were disproportionately involved in the summer's disturbances, figures revealed yesterday.

More than half of those charged with offences were from a black or ethnic minority background, compared with 42 per cent who were white, the Ministry of Justice figures showed.

In some areas of the country the proportion of black rioters were more than five times the local population.

In the most detailed breakdown yet of the disturbances, it also emerged that more than a third of youngsters involved had been excluded from school in the previous year.

One in three adults were claiming unemployment benefits, compared with a 12 per cent national average, and 160 rioters were in receipt of disability or incapacity allowances.

The scale of offending was also revealed for the first time as figures showed more than 2,500 shops and businesses were targeted and one in eight crimes were street muggings or other offences against individuals.

However, fears that gangs had spearheaded the disturbances were dismissed as the analysis showed only 13 per cent of offenders belonged to one.

In terms of ethnicity, 46 per cent of those appearing in court were from black or mixed black backgrounds, 42 per cent were white and seven per cent were Asian. ...

In general, those involved in the looting and violence which swept through English cities in August were younger, poorer, involved in more trouble and achieved lower grades than average, detailed analysis of the histories of those charged over the disturbances showed.

Some two-fifths of youngsters were in receipt of free school meals, compared with less than a fifth on average, and two-thirds had special educational needs, compared with the average of a fifth of all pupils, the figures showed.
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Crime – illegal immigration
I'll get you anyone in from India for £3,000
Brian Flynn
The Sun, 25 October 2011

A shady boss running a one-stop shop for illegal immigrants is today exposed by The Sun.

Bhavin Shah boasts that he can SMUGGLE people into the UK, arrange WEDDINGS to keep them here and sort NO-SHOW college places so they can pose as students while working full-time.

And he insisted: "If you want to bring someone from India here, I can get a man from India for £3,000."

A Sun investigator posed as a construction boss needing to keep his illegal staff in the UK with sham marriages and dodgy student visas.

Shah assured him: "We can help you out. Everything." ...

We met Shah at a second-floor office with its own reception in Wembley, North West London.

He was unaware he was secretly being filmed as he told how he charges £4,750 to arrange enrolment and a two-and-a-half year visa – with a discount for bulk.

Shah showed us a website of a London IT and management college licensed by the UK Border Agency where our "staff" would be enrolled.

He laughed that they would only have to attend college once "to see the place" and "know the address".

And when told our fictional workers didn't speak English he said: "I'll sort out the English language pass certificate for your people."

He also said he offered a £12,000 service providing fake brides and sham marriages to help illegals stay here.

He added that he could also arrange to smuggle in people – suggesting we could charge them more than he was asking and then take a cut. ...

At another meeting, he showed off a book of 1,600 clients signed on as students since January. Asked how many were working instead of studying, he replied: "Every one."

He said he could supply backdated certificates for Government-accredited colleges confirming "students" had attended classes, even if they hadn't, so they could get visa extensions.

Shah revealed he could arrange for an illegal to marry a Polish girl brought here by him.

Asked if he provided the wedding too, he said: "Yes, that's our job."

He said he had been doing it for 12 years.
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Crime – riots
UK rioters came from abroad: 1 in 7 jailed after summer of violence was a foreign national
Rebecca Camber
Daily Mail, 24 October 2011

Foreign looters from 44 countries have been locked up over the riots which scarred the country in August.

Robbers, vandals and thugs from as far afield as Afghanistan, Cuba, Ethiopia and Samoa joined in as shops were plundered and businesses set ablaze, causing millions of pounds worth of damage.

The sheer number from different corners of the globe who took part in the mayhem is one of the strongest indicators yet that the riots had nothing to do with political protest or civil unrest, but was born of greed and opportunist criminality.

Last night campaigners said anyone convicted of a riot-related offence should be thrown out of the country at the earliest opportunity.

Prison statistics revealed that 14 per cent – about one in seven – of those jailed for burglary, robbery, theft, criminal damage and disorder during the riots were born abroad. But the true number could be even higher as at least four per cent of those remanded in custody refused to tell police their nationality.

Jamaicans represented the largest group of foreign inmates, followed by Somali and Polish offenders. The list also included those from Colombia, Iraq, Congo, Vietnam and Zimbabwe.

Hundreds of other foreign suspects are facing deportation as separate figures obtained under the Freedom of Information Act show that police have referred 367 'suspected foreign nationals' to the UK Border Agency.

That number is expected to grow as police are still hunting thousands of suspects, with experts predicting it could take up to two years to sift through all the CCTV evidence.

The Ministry of Justice has released a breakdown of the nationalities of those jailed for riot-related offences committed between August 6, when the trouble exploded in Tottenham, and August 9, when disorder had spread outside London to Manchester, Wolverhampton and Birmingham.

A snapshot of the prison population on September 9 reveals that there were 153 foreign nationals and prisoners of 'unrecorded nationality' – which in most cases refers to those from the European Union – representing 18 per cent of the 865 criminals imprisoned over the riots. That compares with 712 offenders from the United Kingdom.

One in four of those jailed for robbery were born abroad, as were one in ten convicted for violent disorder or other disorder offences such as possession of a knife or drugs.

Nationally, police have made more than 4,000 arrests, with 2,952 suspects held in London alone. ...

A Ministry of Justice spokesman said: 'It is important to bear in mind that this is only a snapshot of the prison population on September 9.

'It would be misleading to suggest that it provides a complete picture of those involved in the riots.'
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Crime – deportation
The great imbalance in the immigration courts
David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 23 October 2011

The power balance in the immigration tribunal system is heavily slanted away from the interests of the British public.

In one corner, representing the criminal: an experienced immigration lawyer with extensive courtroom experience, their fees paid out of Legal Aid.

In the other corner, representing the public: a relatively junior civil servant known as a "Home Office presenting officer" with no legal qualifications and two weeks' training.

And refereeing the clash: a junior judge who may have as little as five years' legal experience.

Sounds like a mismatch? This is how courts sit day in, day out, to decide whether dangerous criminals should be sent back to their homelands or be spared due to a human rights claim – as often or not, the "right to a family life".

The case of Gary "Steve" Ellis shows how wanting the standards can be.

It is a scandal that a convicted drug dealer was allowed to escape deportation on human rights grounds, but went on to commit more drug offences.

It is a scandal that having reoffended, he was granted a human rights exemption for a second time.

But the element of this sorry saga that will have the greatest repercussions is the revelation that criminals' sob stories are being accepted at face value without the most cursory of checks. ...

The judge in the case noted that the Home Office presenting officer made only a "brief response" to points made by Ellis's lawyer.

The chance was there for the Government to take a serial criminal off Britain's streets. But it failed because it did not do its legwork – and it is a failure that will be repeated in many more cases. This is a system that is failing the public.
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Crime – child beggars
The modern-day Oliver Twists: Child beggars as young as FOUR making £100,000 a year each for gypsy gangs
Emma Reynolds
Daily Mail, 21 October 2011

Child beggars as young as four earn up to £100,000 each for gypsy gangs, a shocking investigation has revealed.

The children work in teams on London's streets, wheedling money out of tourists in snow and rain.

Some of the children make £500 a day - and hand it all over to their Romany 'minders', the BBC's Panorama programme found. ...

The documentary, screened on BBC1 on Wednesday, followed the children - all of them gypsies from Romania - over the course of a year.

A girl of about four, who the programme-makers called 'Alice', used a phone box as a toilet and scavenged for food at McDonald's as she begged on the streets.

They found the child 'experienced in begging', as she tried to coax and wheedle money from them while dressed in a white headscarf.

The children all dressed in modest clothes and wore headscarves, despite not being Muslim - targeting mosques and areas popular with rich tourists from the Gulf States.

The BBC filmed a group of young Roma women controlling several children outside Regent's Park mosque, including a four-year-old boy.

They followed the group to a house in Ilford, Essex, where a BMW X5 four-wheel drive car sat on the drive.

The programme found that police generally just take the beggars' details and let them go. They fear the people on the streets are being exploited by other members of their community.

Last year, detectives launched Operation Golf in an effort to crack down on those running the scam.

Many of the criminals were traced back to Romania, where they own numerous luxury properties and cars.
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Crime – USA, gangs
2011 National Gang Threat Assessment – Emerging Trends
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 2011

Gangs are expanding, evolving and posing an increasing threat to US communities nationwide. ... Gangs are becoming more violent while engaging in less typical and lower-risk crime, such as prostitution and white-collar crime. ...

• There are approximately 1.4 million active street, prison, and OMG gang members comprising more than 33,000 gangs in the United States. ... Many communities are also experiencing an increase in ethnic-based gangs such as African, Asian, Caribbean, and Eurasian gangs.

• Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions and up to 90 percent in several others, according to NGIC analysis. ... Aggressive recruitment of juveniles and immigrants, alliances and conflict between gangs, the release of incarcerated gang members from prison, advancements in technology and communication, and Mexican Drug Trafficking Organization (MDTO) involvement in drug distribution have resulted in gang expansion and violence in a number of jurisdictions.

• Gangs are increasingly engaging in non-traditional gang-related crime, such as alien smuggling, human trafficking, and prostitution. Gangs are also engaging in white collar crime such as counterfeiting, identity theft, and mortgage fraud, primarily due to the high profitability and much lower visibility and risk of detection and punishment than drug and weapons trafficking.

. US-based gangs have established strong working relationships with Central American and MDTOs to perpetrate illicit cross-border activity, as well as with some organized crime groups in some regions of the United States. ...

• Many gang members continue to engage in gang activity while incarcerated. Family members play pivotal roles in assisting or facilitating gang activities and recruitment during a gang members' incarceration. ...

• Gangs encourage members, associates, and relatives to obtain law enforcement, judiciary, or legal employment in order to gather information on rival gangs and law enforcement operations. Gang infiltration of the military continues to pose a significant criminal threat, as members of at least 53 gangs have been identified on both domestic and international military installations. Gang members who learn advanced weaponry and combat techniques in the military are at risk of employing these skills on the street when they return to their communities.

• Gang members are acquiring high-powered, military-style weapons and equipment which poses a significant threat because of the potential to engage in lethal encounters with law enforcement officers and civilians. ... ...

Approximately 1.4 million active street, OMG, and prison gang members, comprising more than 33,000 gangs, are criminally active within all 50 US states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico ... ...

Changes in immigrant populations, which are susceptible to victimization and recruitment by gangs, may have the most profound effect on street gang membership. ... ...

Globalization, socio-political change, technological advances, and immigration will result either in greater gang expansion and gang-related crime or displace gang members as they search for criminal opportunities elsewhere.
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Crime – deportation
Lost in administration: Scandal over criminal immigrants hidden among 37,000 files of foreigners appealing to stay in Britain
Sue Reid
Daily Mail, 15 October 2011

Last year, 37,300 cases were launched by immigrants appealing to stay in Britain after the Home Office ruled they were not entitled to remain here.

Of course, this figure accounts only for those tracked down by officials – leaving tens of thousands who have avoided detection free to stay.

A significant number of those foreigners fighting to remain in Britain are small-time criminals, terrorists or fraudsters, although the vast majority originally simply slipped into Britain illegally or deliberately overstayed their visas.

Now, for the first time, the sheer scale of this scandal can be revealed because documents have been released on the Ministry of Justice website, giving details of scores of appeal cases.

A typical example is Rhomaine Miyando Mohan, who has appealed five times in 11 years against attempts to kick him out in what Senior Immigration Judge Waumsley described as a 'contemptuous disregard for British immigration law'.

The Jamaican has fathered three daughters by two British women despite being deported in 2006 for overstaying his one-month visitor's visa by six years. After slipping back into the UK on a bogus passport, he was jailed twice for a series of crimes, including driving offences and cocaine possession.

This summer saw the latest attempt by the Home Office to boot him out. His appeal against removal from the UK was turned down.

So where is Mohan now? He remains in Britain as officials struggle with the chaotic immigration system to deport him. ...

But few cases are more shocking than that involving Rohan Cecil William Winfield, 38, a chef from Barbados, who came to Britain 13 years ago as a visitor.

He overstayed his visa and went on to marry a British woman with whom he had three children. He then had an affair with a Spanish girl in London who bore him a baby daughter.

However, he then raped the Spaniard and was jailed for three years for the attack and ordered to be deported after his release from prison.

But, in July, a judge ruled that Winfield should be allowed to remain in Britain because his removal would 'violate his human rights and those of his family' – under Article 8 of the Human Rights Act.

It is just another example of a foreigner who, like so many others, is exploiting our grotesque human rights laws and has turned our immigration system into a shambles.
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Crime – London
Sixty per cent of knife muggers in the capital are young black men
Martin Bentham
Evening Standard [London], 7 October 2011

More than half of suspects charged in London over robbery and knife-point muggings last year were black, official figures revealed today.

The Met statistics show that 7,956 people were taken to court for robbery during the 12 months to the end of March of whom 55 per cent were black. Just under a third of suspects were white, while 11 per cent were Asian.

Three out of five of the 1,613 suspects charged with knife-point muggings were also black, compared with 27 per cent white and 10 per cent Asian.
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Crime – human rights, deportation
Never mind the cat: Theresa May is right
John Rentoul
Independent blogs, 6 October 2011

Back to Theresa May's speech to the Conservative conference that caused such a kerfuffle:



We all know the stories about the Human Rights Act. The violent drug dealer who cannot be sent home because his daughter – for whom he pays no maintenance – lives here. The robber who cannot be removed because he has a girlfriend. The illegal immigrant who cannot be deported because – and I am not making this up – he had a pet cat.

...

My esteemed former boss, David Aaronovitch ..., seems to think that, because the cat story is marginal, the whole edifice of tabloid prejudice collapses. And he is right that the Home Secretary did her case no favours by playing to the anti-immigrant gallery and failing to win. But I think her case is a strong one. She went on:



This is why I remain of the view that the Human Rights Act needs to go. The Government's Commission is looking at a British Bill of Rights. And I can today announce that we will change the immigration rules to ensure that the misinterpretation of Article Eight of the ECHR – the right to a family life – no longer prevents the deportation of people who shouldn't be here.

I expect not many people have actually read Article Eight ..., so let me tell you what it says: "Article 8.1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence." ...

... "Article 8.2. There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others."

The right to a family life is not an absolute right, and it must not be used to drive a coach and horses through our immigration system.

The meaning of Article Eight should no longer be perverted. So I will write it into our immigration rules that when foreign nationals are convicted of a criminal offence or breach our immigration laws: when they should be removed, they will be removed.



I agree with her, although I wish she would make her case better. The original intention of the drafters of Article Eight was that the citizen should be protected from arbitrary action by the state. This meant that the secret police could not go through your personal stuff or take your children away. The drafters did not mean, at any stretch of the imagination, that someone with no right to live in this country would gain that right by virtue of having a boyfriend or girlfriend. Or a child.

That interpretation, in wilful defiance of the plain meaning of 8.2, is justified by the doctrine of the "living instrument" – that is, that the prehistoric fogeys who drafted the Convention may not have meant such things, but today's courts may declare that their words mean whatever the courts say they mean.

On this, May is right. I hope she succeeds in changing the law so that it conforms with what the drafters of the Convention intended. But it will not be easy.
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Crime – violence, riots, USA
Racial violence in Philadelphia: The hate that dare not speak its name
Colin Flaherty
phillyBurbs.com, 5 October 2011

Another week in Philadelphia, another violent episode where people dare not speak its name: Race Riot. ...

This is just one of dozens of race riots in the Philadelphia over the last two years.

Though press and public officials do everything they can to ignore the racial component, even giving them a harmless name, like flash mob.

Thank God for YouTube: For every official denial about what really happened during this epidemic of racial violence, someone posted a video, called a talk show, or posted a comment on a news story that allowed us to see what many hoped we never would: Racial violence is busting out not just in Philadelphia, but all over the country.

A few week ago, Mayor Nutter was forced to admit what most in Philadelphia already knew: The violence was racial. And the rioters were damaging their "own race."

This is at least better than 2009, when Asian students at South Philadelphia High complained of years of violence and abuse at the hands of black students, school officials gave them a pamphlet instructing them how to avoid antagonizing black students.

The Department of Justice had to intervene there after a deafening silence from the Mayor's office.

Philadelphia may be Ground Zero for race riots – apologists love calling them teenage flash mobs – but it is far from alone.

In hundreds of episodes in more than 50 cities since 2010, groups of black people are roaming the streets of America – assaulting, intimidating, stalking, threatening, vandalizing, stealing, shooting, stabbing, even raping and killing.

Miami, Chicago, New York, Los Angeles and dozens more. Even Iowa and Wisconsin. The list of cities under attack is long and getting longer – with some cities suffering dozens of attacks in the last year alone.

But local media and public officials are silent. Crime is color blind, says a Milwaukee police chief. Anyone who notices it has problems, says a Chicago newspaper editor.

That just denies the obvious: America is the most race conscious society in the world.

We learn that every day from black caucuses, black teachers, black unions, black ministers, black colleges, black high schools, black music, black moguls, black hair business owners, black public employees, black art, black names, black poets, black inventors, black soldiers.

Everything except black violent crime. That is taboo. ...

Congressman Bobby Rush said black violence was routine and the only reason anyone was paying attention was because it was black on white violence. This is a theme heard in Rochester, Washington, D.C., and dozens of other places: "What's the big deal? This has been happening a long time in black neighborhoods."

Congressman Rush is probably right. Which means this problem is hundreds of times worse than we think.

And hundreds of times harder to solve until we dare to call it by its rightful name.
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Crime – Australia
Backlash over Aboriginal juvenile crime rates
Graeme Powell
ABC News, 4 October 2011

The head of the Aboriginal Legal Service has accused the WA Police Commissioner of inciting racial hatred after he spoke out about the high rate of Aboriginal juveniles involved in home burglaries.

The Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan has released figures showing juvenile crime is spiralling upwards and 50 per cent of burglaries are committed by people 18 or under.

He says what is more alarming is that Aboriginal youths represent 61 per cent of those juveniles.

"Given that Aboriginal people make up about two per cent of our population in Western Australia that is a staggering over-representation in that age group and we have to stop that from occurring," he said. ...

Mr O'Callaghan described the issue as "the elephant in the room" which no-one wants to talk about publicly and he defended his decision to speak out.

"For a long time we've been very reluctant to talk about it openly because we're always worried about offending somebody," he said.

The Commissioner says more needs to be done to rehabilitate Aboriginal juveniles in detention.

"Let me give you some recidivism rates - 64 per cent of juveniles in custody are Aboriginal and of that 50 per cent of them reoffend very shortly after being released," he said.

"So it sort of tells that they're not getting rehabilitation."

The state's Minister for Indigenous Affairs, Peter Collier, has described Karl O'Callaghan's comments as fair and brutally honest.

"Karl O'Callaghan was brutally frank and he didn't say something that wasn't correct," he said.
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Crime – human rights, deportation
Theresa May's immigration plan is a dead duck
Mary Riddell
Daily Telegraph blogs, 4 October 2011

Another own goal from Theresa May, the scourge of the Human Rights Act. She wants to alter immigration rules to make it easier to deport foreign nationals who have started families in the UK. Sorry, Home Secretary. Can"t be done.

The right to family life, guaranteed under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights can't be arbitrarily watered down. The courts already maintain a clear balance between that right and the interests of the community, in order to protect citizens from threats such as criminal behaviour. Rewriting the Immigration Rules is in clear breach of our obligations under the ECHR. This policy should be marked DOA. It is a non-starter.
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Crime – deportation
Terrorists walk streets as they fight deportation
Tom Whitehead and Duncan Gardham
Daily Telegraph, 29 September 2011

At least eleven foreign-born terrorists who should have been deported from Britain after finishing prison terms are still walking the streets.

They include offenders who helped the July 21 bomb plotters a fortnight after the 7/7 atrocity.

Seven are fighting deportation on human rights grounds, meaning they may never leave. Last night government officials refused to identify them or say what has happened to the other four.
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Crime – riots
Rioters were crooks who had never been jailed
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 16 September 2011

Half of the people involved in the riots in England last month were guilty of 15 previous offences on average but had never been incarcerated.

According to figures released yesterday, hundreds of rioters were serial offenders who had been handed community penalties, fines or cautions for their previous crimes, leaving them free to join in the disturbances last month.

One in 20 had more than 50 previous offences to their name. ... ...

The Metropolitan Police Authority was told yesterday that certain crimes, including robbery and burglary, had dropped since hundreds of suspects were arrested during and after the riots.

Police hunting suspects are now focusing on criminals with long histories of offending.

The statistics derived from a detailed analysis of the 1,561 people who have appeared in court charged with riot-related offences and were published by the Ministry of Justice yesterday.

Three quarters of those charged had been involved in crime at least once before and between them they were responsible for more than 16,000 previous offences, including almost 1,000 violent assaults, 785 burglaries and almost 600 robberies. That averaged out at 15 crimes each but, of those repeat offenders, only 36 per cent had ever been jailed for an offence. ...

Yesterday's figures also showed that half the rioters were aged 20 or under. One in seven rioters was also a foreign national, in keeping with general patterns of criminal activity.
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Crime – sham marriages, Republic of Ireland
Documentary says one-in-six civil marriages are fake
Lynne Kelleher
Irish Examiner, 12 September 2011

One-in-six civil marriages in Ireland are believed to be fake, according to a new documentary.

The TV3 documentary reveals how Ireland has become the sham marriage capital of Europe because it isn't against the law here to marry in order to secure a visa.

Registrars in Ireland have to legally pronounce brides and grooms as man and wife even though they plainly don't speak the same language.

The documentary uncovers how Eastern European brides are bought and sold by brokers and often forced to marry complete strangers on Irish soil to secure residency visas for grooms, mainly from Pakistan and India.

The Asian grooms desperate to stay in Ireland pay fees of up to €4,000 to brokers to marry brides, sent mainly from Latvia, in rural Irish registry offices as tying the knot with an EU citizen allows them to stay in Europe for five more years.

Latvian police tell how they have been investigating claims of false imprisonment, rape and human trafficking in Ireland for the past two years.

The Latvian ambassador to Ireland, Peteris Elferts, said he is very concerned about the number of women from his country being deceived and often forced by brokers into marriages of convenience.

He said: "Sometimes when the women are deceived into participating in the sham marriage their telephone is taken away, their passport is taken away and they are basically held hostage."

The documentary, Ireland's Sham Marriages, exposes how the Latvian women, desperate to escape poverty, are rarely paid the fees they are promised and are often kept hostage by their grooms.

Under an EU directive, which was given effect in the Republic in 2006, the non-EU spouses and family members of EU citizens have the right to live in Ireland and travel freely within the union. Since 2006, the number of non-EU emigrants granted residency in Ireland based on marriages to Eastern European women has more than doubled. ...

Reporter Paul Connolly exposes one Nigerian broker of fake marriages who charges up to €4,000 for the supply of Eastern European brides.

A Pakistani broker is also filmed by the undercover reporter, looking for brides from Latvia for money.

Latvian author Aleksandra Jolkina, who has written a book on the sham marriages being carried out in Ireland, said: "The sums which are being paid now to recruit a bride from Latvia are between €4,000 and €6,000.

"This money gets into the pockets of the organisers while the women practically receive nothing. ..."
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Crime – illegal immigrants, USA
Decade later, we're still fumbling immigration issue
Wendy J. Murphy
The Enterprise, 11 September 2011
[Wendy Murphy is an adjunct professor at New England Law in Boston]

On the 10th anniversary of 9/11, it's hard to believe so many people still doubt the relationship between illegal immigration and crime. It's not that all illegals are dangerous, but porous borders always present a security risk and the 9/11 attacks are an extreme example of what "security risk" means.

In most states, this is well understood. Not so in Massachusetts, where hypocrisy doesn't matter, either. ...

A sincere debate would focus on whether we can afford porous borders, socially and financially. Politics would have nothing to do with it. But partisan politicians don't want a sincere debate because they know it would end quickly. It's no mystery that we could afford to be generous about illegal immigration 100 years ago, but the economic and social costs today are untenable, especially in Massachusetts where things have gotten so crazy, we actually give more benefits to illegals than to lawful citizens.

About 70 percent of people who receive free health care in Massachusetts are illegal, which costs taxpayers $35 million a year. Yet a legal citizen who gets laid off has no automatic right to free health care. Even criminals get a better outcome if they're here illegally. We give illegals gigantic plea-bargains to save them from deportation because the more serious the conviction, the greater the risk of being returned to their home country. This means a legal citizen is more likely to end up in jail than his illegal counterpart who commits the same offense.
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Crime – EU citizens
Crime by EU migrants trebles - and we still can't throw them out
James Slack And Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 8 September 2011

Britain is suffering an explosion in crimes by EU nationals, who are amassing more than 2,700 convictions every month.

Since 2007, the number of EU citizens punished for breaking the law in the UK has more than trebled.

The total is expected to hit a record 33,000 this year, placing huge pressure on the police, courts and overcrowded jails.

But because of EU diktats and Labour's Human Rights Act, officials are finding it extremely hard to remove European lawbreakers once they have completed their sentences.

According to the latest Home Office figures, 27,563 EU nationals were convicted in 2010, up from 10,736 in 2007.

Yet only 1,480 EU citizens were removed from the country last year.

Top of the list of offenders were Poland, whose citizens collected 6,777 convictions, reflecting the large numbers who have headed here since the controversial expansion of the EU. Next came Romania with 4,343.

Bulgarians were responsible for 296 crimes in 2010.

Romania and Bulgaria joined the EU in 2007, three years after Poland and other Eastern European states. ...

EU rules make it far harder to remove European citizens than those from the rest of the world.

Normally, criminals may be considered for deportation if they have been sentenced to at least a year in jail.

But for EU nationals the bar is set twice as high with a starting point of two years in jail.

The Home Office must also show the offender poses a 'present, genuine and sufficiently serious threat' to society.

The situation becomes even more complicated thanks to Labour's Human Rights Act, which prevents the removal of anybody who can claim to have established a family life in the UK.

In reality, all except the most serious EU offenders, such as killers and rapists, are unlikely to face even an attempt at deportation.

At the same time, the EU free movement directive prevents Britain from refusing entry to all but the worst overseas criminals.

Sir Andrew Green of Migrationwatch said: 'This is another of the unspoken costs of the massive levels of immigration we face.

'The fact that it is so difficult to remove EU nationals only rubs salt into the wound.' ...

Overall, the number of EU convictions since 2007 is 109,568.

This includes 19,164 in the first seven months of 2011 – a figure pointing to a record end-of-year total of almost 33,000.
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Crime – race, culture, racism, political correctness
Race and the riots
The Economist, 3 September 2011

If there was any consolation to be had from the recent English riots, it was that they did not pit one racial community against the police (as in Brixton and elsewhere in the 1980s), or one such community against another (as in Bradford and elsewhere in 2001). Yet the density of black people among the rioters suggests that race played some part, even if few politicians are keen to contemplate it. ...

Black people make up slightly less than 3% of the British population. But in the CCTV snaps of rioters that the police in London, Birmingham and Manchester have put on the internet, slightly more than half seem to be black. Many of the areas in which rioting took place, such as Tottenham, Hackney and Brixton, are largely black. In Scotland, Wales and north-east England, which have small black populations, there was no rioting.

Poverty can only be part of the explanation for this pattern. While blacks are, by and large, poorer than whites, Bangladeshis and Pakistanis are poorer still. ...

The black community suffers other, older and perhaps related problems, too. Black children are disproportionately likely to be excluded from school, and black adults to go to prison ...

This is sensitive stuff. Many of the black leaders who are prepared to talk about it do not want to be quoted. They tend to home in on three issues, two of which affect white people too.

The first is family breakdown. ... while family breakdown is increasingly prevalent in white society, it is far more common among blacks: 65% of black Caribbean children in Britain grow up in a single-parent family; nine out of ten of those households are headed by women. Children brought up in one-parent families are more likely to take drugs, drop out of school and end up in prison.

A second concern is culture. Tony Sewell, whose charity, Generating Genius, promotes maths and science among black boys, fingers the rap and hip-hop music that MTV popularised from the 1980s: "Black popular culture used to be based on spirituality and social justice ... Now we have a music that glorifies violence, materialism and sex." Lindsay Johns, a writer who mentors young black people in Peckham, south London, adds another bugbear: "achingly PC educationalists, who call ghetto-speak 'culturally rich' and 'empowering'. ..."

The shortage of other role models and templates of success in the black community makes its youngsters especially susceptible to these influences. Yet they reach others too. "Black male culture is powerful stuff," says Mr Sewell. Firms use black street culture to sell fashionable goods such as trainers. As a result, he says, it has far more sway among other ethnic groups than it did 20 years ago. "Youngsters in other communities want to be part of it; so if it is a problem for the black community, it becomes a problem for everybody."

The third issue, which is particular to ethnic minorities and perhaps black people above all, is racism, or the perception of it. ...

Even if the police are more likely to pick on black boys, both the police and society as a whole are far less racist than in the past. Yet history lingers. A teacher says, "Everybody in the black community is told constantly that they're victims. Parents think the police are racist, the teachers are racist and the establishment is racist. And they tell that to their kids." If people believe the law to be racist, some may not regard breaking it as morally wrong.
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Crime
A third of youth lags are foreign
Luke Heighton and John Kay
The Sun, 30 August 2011

A third of criminals entering Britain's top youth jail last year were foreign, it was revealed yesterday.

More than 2,000 crooks aged ten to 18 passed through Feltham Young Offenders Institute in West London.

A total of 632 were not born in the UK. Somalia was the birthplace of one in ten of the foreigners – the highest of any nationality.

It was followed by Romania, Jamaica, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Algeria, Lithuania, Congo, Ireland and Portugal.

Think-tank MigrationWatch last night said the figures, from January 2010 to April 2011, were "shocking".

Its chairman Sir Andrew Green said: "Clearly the efforts made to integrate these people from immigrant communities have failed."

The Sun obtained the figures through a Freedom of Information request.
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Crime – riots, looting
London riots were orchestrated by outsiders
Andrew Gilligan
Sunday Telegraph, 21 August 2011

Almost none of those charged with rioting in Ealing, Clapham Junction, Enfield and other places comes from the immediate area, the data shows.

Home addresses given by defendants paint a chilling picture of rioters converging simultaneously on these districts from all points of the compass and often from great distances. ...

But other riots also appear to have a much higher proportion of local suspects. ... ...

The data needs to be treated with caution, since it only covers about half those charged in London. ...

However, it suggests that there appeared to be two kinds of riots. The first was heavily orchestrated, either by professional criminals seeking high-value goods or by gangs or more disparate groups of young people through means such as BlackBerry Messenger, with rioters travelling long distances at short notice to take part. Some local opportunists then joined in.

The second was less orchestrated, though there may still be an element of orchestration, with more local, opportunist and "copycat" rioters.

Our figures may also understate the extent of the orchestration since those charged to date are more likely to be "second-wave" rioters – those too slow to avoid getting caught – rather than initiators. ...

There is also a very strong correlation between the home addresses of those charged and areas of known gang activity.

Across London, ... about three-quarters of the accused live in such areas and police have said that at least a quarter of those charged have known gang links.

Croydon has a serious gang problem, with three main rival youth gangs, ... They are multiracial but mainly black. Last year, dozens of rival gang members fought openly in North End, the town's main pedestrianised shopping street, in the middle of the afternoon. ...

Gang experts stress that gang membership is a symptom, as much as a cause, of social problems such as poverty and youth unemployment. But one other intriguing, and so far little remarked, feature of the London riots is where they did not happen.

The boroughs of Tower Hamlets and Newham have the highest levels of poverty and youth unemployment in London, matched only by Hackney. But unlike Hackney, they saw relatively little rioting. ...

Part of the reason may be that there are relatively few shops selling expensive goods in Tower Hamlets and Newham. However, from the court data, few people from these two boroughs travelled to other areas to loot either.

Another part of the explanation may be the racial mix of these areas. Brent, Tower Hamlets and Newham have London's biggest Asian populations and from the court lists it is clear that disproportionately few rioters have Asian names.

There are serious and dangerous youth gangs in all London's Asian areas.

But they do not have the same rap-derived culture as black and white London gangs and are more likely to be involved in longer-term organised criminality, such as drug-dealing, which riots can disrupt.
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Crime – riots, rioters
London riots: this is no time to be squeamish
Boris Johnson
Daily Telegraph, 15 August 2011

These riots were not poll tax riots or race riots. ... ...

Some – quite a few – were acting out of greed. Some seem to have been actuated by a feeling of power, a desire to be "noticed". Some, especially members of gangs, were perhaps doing it because other people were doing it in other parts of London, and they did not want to be left out. Some of them were doing it for "fun", or excitement, or because they wanted to get one over on the "feds". Some of them were certainly relatively affluent, and the media have rightly lingered on the millionaire's daughter and the schoolteachers who have been accused of looting.

The overwhelming majority, of course, came from the lower socio-economic groups, from the ranks of those who have been left the furthest behind; and the most recent figures I have seen suggest that 69 per cent of those charged have previous convictions. ...

... Yes, these young people have been betrayed; but they have been betrayed by an educational system and family background that failed to give them discipline, or hope, or ambition, or a simple ability to tell right from wrong. We still have one in four London 11-year-olds functionally illiterate. No wonder they are angry and alienated. ...
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Crime – riots, gangs
The street code of vengeance that sparked the riots
Jason Lewis
Sunday Telegraph, 14 August 2011

Gang rivalries, an unsolved murder and a code of vengeance are at the heart of the events which sparked the rioting and looting last week.

The events can be directly traced back to the death of a 23-year-old man stabbed through the heart as he left an East End night club and the actions of his friend who believed he was honour-bound to avenge his death. ...

Tragically, it was not - until last week - an unusual story: London has seen 92 similar gang related murders in the last two years. The gangs control the drugs trade on their territories, sometimes little more than a few streets, and will kill and maim rivals to defend it.

The young foot soldiers in this world are bound by a warped code of honour and their movements restricted for fear of breaking down the uneasy truces between them.

Police sources say Easton was a key figure in the gang's hierarchy, a member of its elite Star Gang clique.

With his death responsibility for revenge fell to his closest friend, his "god brother", Mark Duggan, known by the street name Starrish Mark. ...

Intriguingly his uncle was Desmond Noonan, a notorious Manchester gangster who once boasted of having "more guns than the police" and one of whose brothers, Domenyk, was arrested during rioting on Tuesday in Manchester. ...

The stalled investigation into Easton's death is typical of the difficulties police face. The gangs hate the police more than each other and the investigation into Easton's killing faced a wall of silence.
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Crime – values
A palpable change in the national mood
Daily Telegraph, 13 August 2011
[Leading article]

More than 20 years ago, the American sociologist Charles Murray wrote a series of articles about the emerging British underclass. He identified in some of our towns and cities the same trend that had been seen in America: a rapid rise in the number of children born into homes with no resident father and where the principal source of income was welfare benefit.

Murray predicted that this growing phenomenon would be concentrated in certain inner-city communities, creating a value structure largely divorced from mainstream society. Several consequences would follow: the children brought up in these circumstances would be poorly educated and lack the desire and wherewithal to work; and the communities themselves would be prey to high levels of crime.

What Murray foresaw has come about. Indeed, Britain did not change this week when the rioters took the streets to burn and plunder – it changed a long time ago. Despite the varied social backgrounds of many of those now before the courts, most of the youths who were at the heart of the appalling scenes of lawlessness will have come from the communities that Murray described. ...

This crisis has been building for years. It is the result of a major cultural shift that took place in the 1960s and 1970s, and the long-term decline of the conservative values and institutions that had underpinned British society since the late 19th century. This process was marked by a collapse in the belief in marriage, a retreat of the police from the streets, a move away from tough penalties for property crime, the rise of moral relativism and rampant consumerism, the diminution of stigma as a restraint on bad behaviour and the entrenchment of welfare dependency. It was not about poverty, but a collapse in values.
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Crime – police, multiculturalism
How to recover Britain's streets for civilisation
Charles Moore
Daily Telegraph, 13 August 2011

The basic trend of public policy since the Brixton riots has been to make it harder for the police to deal with crime. ...

The problem has been a refusal to accept that the need for civil peace must come first. After Brixton in 1981, the Scarman report ushered in an era when police relations with "communities" – a euphemism for ethnic minorities – began to trump their duties to the only community which matters, that of all citizens. The Macpherson report in 1999 went so far as to make race awareness almost the first principle of policing, enunciating the insane, McCarthyite doctrine that "a racist incident is one which is perceived to be racist by the victim or any other person". ...

Mr Cameron also says he is against any inquiry. When one looks back at the last 30 years, one can see that inquiries have generally had bad effects. But that is because they have all reflected the false preoccupations now discredited by this week's horrors. If this Government chose the right person and the right subject – an investigation into how our laws and practices have come to prevent the police doing the job almost all of us want them to do – it could start to reverse the trend of 30 years and recover our streets for civilisation.
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Crime – culture
Outrage as historian Starkey says: Enoch Powell was right with infamous 'rivers of blood' speech
Inderdeep Bains
Daily Mail, 13 August 2011

Historian David Starkey sparked outrage last night by claiming that Enoch Powell's 'rivers of blood' speech had been right and blaming 'black culture' for the riots.

He said white youths had adopted a black culture which promoted the violence and looting.

Mr Starkey claimed Powell's infamous 1968 speech had been right in one sense, but it wasn't inter-communal violence that was the problem.

'The substantial section of the chavs have become black, the whites have become black,' he told Newsnight on BBC 2.

'A particular sort of violent, destructive, nihilistic gangster culture has become fashion, and the black and white, boy and girl, operate in this language together.

'This language is wholly false. It is a Jamaican patois that has intruded in England, which is why so many of us have this sense that we are literally living in a foreign country.

'It is about black culture, that is the enormously important thing, it is not skin colour, it is culture.'
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Crime – multiculturalism
Race mobs: Diversity's dark side
Patrick J. Buchanan
WorldNetDaily, 11 August 2011

"You've damaged your own race," said Mayor Michael Nutter to the black youths of Philadelphia whose flash mobs have been beating and robbing shoppers in the fashionable district of downtown.

"Take those God-darn hoodies down," the mayor went on in his blistering lecture. "Pull your pants up and buy a belt, 'cause no one wants to see your underwear or the crack of your butt."

And the mayor had some advice for teenagers looking for work.

"You walk into somebody's office with your hair uncombed and a pick in the back and your shoes untied and your pants half down, tattoos up and down your arms and on your neck, and you wonder why somebody won't hire you?

"They don't hire you 'cause you look like you're crazy."

Nutter is African-American and the first leader to speak out about the racial character of the flash mobs attacking people in one American city after another. And where are our other leaders?

At the Iowa State Fair last August, black thugs beat a white man so savagely he was hospitalized. Police only began to look into the possibility of a racial attack and hate crime after fair-goers said the thugs were calling it "Beat Whitey Night."

After Memorial Day, Chicago cops had to close a beach when a flash mob formed, attacked people and knocked cyclists off bikes.

In Miami Beach, there were beatings and shootings that same weekend. In D.C., flash mobs of black youths have turned up a half-dozen times in stores to loot clothes and merchandise and flee.

The media almost never identify the race of the thugs. Their reticence would disappear were a white mob in some Southern city to be caught beating up on black shoppers at a mall.

But the flash mob scourge hitting U.S. cities has been eclipsed by the pillaging and burning of London and other British cities in the worst violence visited on that nation and its capital since Goering's Luftwaffe executed the "Blitz."

Thousands of hoodlums, thugs and criminals have firebombed buildings, looted stores and stripped, beaten and robbed people for no reason other than that they were white.

Overwhelmed cops virtually surrendered the city for three days. By the fourth night, the rampage had taken on a multiethnic caste as Asians and white trash appeared to join in the festival of criminality.

Asian and black store owners, too, are victims. In Birmingham, three Pakistani men defending their neighborhood were run over and killed by a truck reportedly driven by a black rioter. ...

In Europe, the harbinger of the new century came a half-decade ago when North African youths in the Paris banlieues went on a days-long rampage of firebombing cars and attacking police and firemen, many of whom drove off and let the fires burn out.

This week, it was London's turn. And when the fires burn out, we shall hear anew the old liberal litany about poverty, despair, inequality and unemployment, the excuses that long ago ceased to persuade.

For poverty existed in far greater measure in the Depression. Yet our parents and grandparents did not form mobs to burn, beat and loot.

The West is in decline because the character of its people is in decline.
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Crime – single parents, race
Feral rioters all have one thing in common – a lack of father figures
Kevin Myers
Irish Independent, 10 August 2011

The duty of journalists is to tell the truth. ... I take no pleasure in what follows; but there is a job to be done, so here goes.

Perhaps the most astounding element in the British television coverage of the riots over much of England has been the steadfast refusal to mention the race of most of the rioters. They are clearly, and overwhelmingly, Afro-Caribbean, the descendants of immigrants, though such has been the utter British failure to integrate so much of the immigrant population that many have retained something of a Caribbean accent. Admittedly, not all of the rioters are "black": clearly, some white youths have joined in.

But where they have not got race is common, they probably have another feature that joins them: absent father-figures. An astonishing number of young males in London are the sons of single mothers. They have been raised without the presence of a male authority figure to impose familial order, and furthermore and most vitally, to promote the patriarchy. ...

But Britain, like Ireland, went down the insane path of encouraging single mothers to have children: indeed, both societies actually created additional incentives for unmarried women to reproduce. It is social lunacy, delinquency turned into state policy, to encourage women to bear a population of young males without fathers. ... Yet the statistics across the world show that the single mother is far more likely to raise a criminal, a thug or rapist, than the married mother. No fewer than 70pc of young offenders in Britain are from single-parent families. It is not mere "poverty" that produces the socially dysfunctional male, so much as father-free families.

Moreover, in all societies in the world where Afro-Caribbeans have settled, there is a problem with male teenage gang culture. That being the case – for whatever reason – it makes no sense whatever to "reward" single mothers of that background for having boys without a father-figure to control them. The facts are known: black children of single mothers are twice as likely to commit crime as black children with two parents. Nearly 60pc of London's Afro-Caribbean mothers are single. If the allure of the male hierarchy in a gang on the street proves irresistible, then ahead awaits social disaster.

There is a third element. Immigration: not of the parents or grandparents of the young males currently dismantling London and other cities, but more recent immigration, much of it white, that prevents young natives, of any ethnic background, getting jobs. There are some 10,000 unemployed in Tottenham ... But that aside, in the past 10 years under the egregious and depraved policies of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, an already overcrowded Britain took in over two million immigrants. Where have the jobs gone? That's where. ...

Immigration did not cause our collapse, but the refusal to create an immigration policy was an intellectual companion to our populist failure to control our banks. And no one can deny this unassailable truth: our unemployment figures have been made immeasurably worse by the large numbers of immigrants who poured unchecked into the Celtic Tiger economy. Finally, if you want to know what a combination of failed immigration and social policies can produce, why, just watch the TV news from London tonight.
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Crime – costs
573 foreign killers in UK jails cost us £23m a year
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 9 August 2011

The number of foreign murderers being held in British jails has almost doubled in the past 10 years.

There are currently 573 overseas nationals serving sentences for murder – an 86 percent increase on the 308 who were behind bars in 2002.

In the last year alone 50 non-British killers have been given life terms for murder.

Yesterday campaigners expressed alarm at the growing numbers.

Gerard Batten, UK Independence Party MEP and its home affairs spokesman, said: "This growth is quite disturbing.

"It is another symptom of our uncontrolled immigration policy.

"It is quite probable that these murderers committed other offences before they killed.

"It proves we are not looking at who comes into the country and it is the taxpayer who ends up paying the price.

"Public money is used to keep them in prison and our society pays the price of suffering more crime. We are a country that has lost all sense of self-preservation."

The taxpayer-funded bill for keeping the 573 murderers locked up is running at £23 million a year. ...

There are currently 11,500 foreign convicts in the country's prisons.
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Crime – riots, police, political correctness
London and UK riots: The long retreat of order
Philip Johnston
Daily Telegraph, 9 August 2011

Yet the riots we are seeing now are fundamentally different from those that have gone before. They might, ostensibly, have been triggered by the police shooting of Mark Duggan, a notorious gangster, in north London; but they are fuelled by pure greed, by a belief that something can be had for nothing. The usual brakes on such behaviour – either an appreciation that it is wrong, or by the prospect that the culprit will be caught and punished – are largely absent.

For this, we have to thank four decades of politically correct policing, and a gradual breakdown of the informal network of authority figures that once provided an additional element of control over the bad behaviour of young people. Adults are now reluctant, or too scared, to step in and stop things getting out of hand, or to impose a wider moral code – and in any case, they are no longer listened to. Deference to age and authority has been eroded by years of genuflection to the twin gods of multiculturalism and community cohesion. ...

In recent years, a myth has been allowed to grow up – motivated in part by the approach of the Olympic Games – that London is one of the world's safest big cities. In terms of its murder rate, that may be true. But no one living in the capital is unaware of the existence of a minority ready to descend into lawlessness at the drop of a hat. There has long been a disconnection between this reality and the self-congratulation of police and politicians inspired by dodgy crime statistics and phoney targets: the truth is the capital has far more crime than 40 years ago, and parts of the city are no-go areas for the police.
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Crime – illegal immigrants
Hundreds of immigrants working illegally in Capital
Alan McEwen
Edinburgh Evening News, 8 August 2011

More than half of all the illegal immigrants caught in the Lothians are found working, new statistics show.

The Evening News has obtained details of 400 cases in the last four years where UK Border Agency (UKBA) officials swooped on homes and businesses around Edinburgh.

It shows the bulk of those detained come from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and China. Of them, 261 were found to be working in jobs at the time. ...

Illegal immigrants from 25 different countries have been discovered in the Lothians since April 2007.

The UKBA said the illegal immigrants included those who had overstayed their visa, as well as economic migrants.

Border officials arrange flights back to their homelands in most cases, with few attempting to claim asylum. ...

Former city councillor Shami Khan, who is also chairman of the Pakistan Society, said: "The majority of these people who come from Pakistan have contacts here, either friends or relatives. That's why they choose to come to Scotland.

"The majority of them also work, but if they are illegal they have to hide and sometimes change jobs every few days.

"There are also dodgy colleges offering English language courses so people can get a student visa. They then start working instead and overstay their student visa. There are people who have stayed here for ten or 15 years that way.

"There are employers who will pay £2 or £3 an hour to illegal workers in restaurants, shops and hotels in Edinburgh. Getting fake IDs, passports and driving licences is easy in places like Manchester, London and Birmingham. They get these documents so they can come here and use them to work."
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Crime – police
London riots: why did the police lose control?
David Green
Daily Telegraph, 8 August 2011

What caused these riots and why did the police lose control? ... ...

... Reluctance to use force is right and we should be reluctant to reproach the police for it. However, a second attitude was at work in Tottenham. Since the Macpherson report of 1999 the police have been hyper-sensitive about race. This attitude has now become so paradoxical that they find themselves standing aside when members of ethnic minorities are being harmed. The people who ran shops, or who lived in the flats above, were not given the protection they deserved.

The police have been made to feel that they are the "white police", and that they lack legitimacy in "black areas". This unfortunate attitude began with the report by Lord Scarman on the Brixton riots of 1981. He said: "There is widespread agreement that the composition of our police forces must reflect the make-up of the society they serve." He found that ethnic minorities were significantly under-represented. Soon after the Macpherson report made a similar observation in 1999, the Government set a recruitment target for ethnic minorities of 8 per cent.

Scarman's remark that the police should reflect the make-up of society is profoundly wrong. The police have never been representative of the social or ethnic breakdown of society. Police officers are people who have been chosen because they deserve to wear the uniform, not because of their ethnic status. They are individuals who deserve to be part of a profession that upholds the law without favour or affection, malice or ill-will. So long as that remains true, then every officer is entitled to respect, whether black or white, male or female. The legitimacy of the police has nothing to do with the racial composition of the force. It has to do with impartial enforcement of the law.

Instead of upholding strict impartiality, in 2002 police leaders published a "hate-crime manual" via the Association of Chief Police Officers. It was a defining moment that undermined the highest traditions of policing. The ideal of impartial justice was dismissed with particular scorn. "Colour blind" (in quotation marks to signify its implausibility) policing was defined as "policing that purports to treat everyone in the same way. Such an approach is flawed and unjust. It fails to take account of the fact that different people have different reactions and different needs. Failure to recognise and understand these means failure to deliver services appropriate to needs and an inability to protect people irrespective of their background." Impartial justice was now "unjust" and it's not surprising that many rank and file officers have had difficulty accepting the new approach. But their concerns have been given short shrift. They were to be "retrained" or disciplined. And yet it was not easy for officers to be sure how they could stay out of trouble. In another section of the manual they were told: "Anyone who is unable to behave in a non-discriminatory and unprejudiced manner must expect disciplinary action. There is no place in the police service for those who will not uphold and protect the human rights of others."

In this kind of atmosphere, it's not surprising that officers in charge of a riot think it safer to wait for orders from the top rather than use their discretion to protect the public without fear or favour.
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Crime – race
These riots were about race. Why ignore the fact?
Katharine Birbalsingh
Daily Telegraph blogs, 7 August 2011

What colour is Mark Duggan? Mark Duggan is the man who was shot dead by the police on Thursday in Tottenham. The Tottenham riots last night were sparked when people protested his death. This morning, I first heard of the riots on the radio, then on the television. I read articles on the internet. But oddly, no one would say what colour Mark Duggan was. No one would say the unsayable, that the rioters were, I suspect on the whole, black. Then, finally, ...

Still, one paper did carry a photo of Mr Duggan. When I saw the photo, it confirmed what I knew instinctively: black youths once again have set London alight.

Some of the black kids I used to teach will tell you that the riots are absolutely justified. A number of adults would agree with them. Everywhere I read that the protest was understandable because "people are very angry". ...

At school I remember watching a presentation given to the kids by Trident, the Metropolitan Police Service unit set up to investigate and inform communities of gun crime in London's black community. I didn't know what Trident was then, and it struck me that all of the photos of people shot (the idea was to scare the kids) were black. So at the end, I approached one of the policemen and asked him what percentage of those involved in gun crime were black. I kid you not, but my question made this thirty-something white man who was, after all, trained to deal with the black community and its issues, turn pink.

He explained that about 80 per cent of gun crime took place in the black community. I smiled uncomfortably. But no, he said, it was worse than that. Then he told me that 80 per cent was black on black gun crime, and that of the remaining 20 per cent about 75 per cent involved at least one black person: black shooting white, or white shooting black. I pushed to know more. While he kept saying his stats were crude and he didn't have scientific numbers, on the whole the whites who were involved in these shootings tended to be from Eastern Europe.

Was any of this ever mentioned in their presentation? Of course not. Just like the news about the Tottenham riots doesn't mention race either.

Problems cannot be addressed unless people are willing to tell the truth. As with so many other things in this country, we stick our heads in the sand and refuse to speak out about it.
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Crime – child trafficking
1.8 million children sold for sex every year
Aoife Dowling
Irish Examiner, 22 July 2011

A petition was handed into the Leinster House yesterday calling for stricter legislation to be introduced on human trafficking which sees over 1.8 million children, some as young as seven, sold for sex every year.

The petition was launched by the Children's Rights Alliance and The Body Shop Ireland to raise awareness and vital funds for victims and people at risk of trafficking.

Children's Rights Alliance chief executive, Jillian van Turnhout, said Ireland is not immune from the crime of child trafficking.

"Recent reports have shown that Ireland is a destination, source and transit country for children subjected to sex trafficking," she said. "Over 500 children in the care of the state have gone missing since 2000 and it is feared that many may have been trafficked."

The petition was handed to Minister for Children and Youth Affairs Frances Fitzgerald who said she was eager to actively support the campaign.

"Children and young people are shipped from state to state as modern slaves, indentured to a life of abuse, disease and violence," said Ms Fitzgerald.

According to the United Nations, human trafficking is the third-largest and fastest-growing criminal industry in the world.

The 1.8 million figure of sex trafficking offences is thought to be much higher due to the underground nature of the crime.
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Crime – political correctness
Child grooming: Study says 1 in 4 offenders Asian
Daily Telegraph, 30 June 2011

One in four men who grooms vulnerable children for sex is Asian, according to the first nationwide assessment of the problem.

The report, by the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre, shows that 28 per cent of offenders reported for child grooming since 2008 have been Asian. In England and Wales, the percentage of people who describe themselves as Asian is 5.9 per cent.

Officers tackling child grooming have previously warned about the disproportionate number of Asian men involved.

Earlier this year, Det Ch Insp Alan Edwards said: "Everyone's been too scared to address the ethnicity factor."
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Crime – political correctness, racial sensitivity
Child-sex grooming 'not investigated because of political correctness'
Robert Winnett
Daily Telegraph, 24 June 2011

Asian gangs suspected of sexually grooming young girls have not been investigated properly because of "political correctness" and "racial sensitivities", the children's minister has admitted.

Tim Loughton said that he wanted to send a message "loud and clear" that the suspected activities of some Asian men must be "vigorously investigated" amid fears that the problem may be far more widespread than previously thought. An investigation by the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre (CEOP) is expected to recommend in the coming days that police and social services are more proactive in uncovering child-sex grooming.

A series of court cases have recently disclosed how Asian gangs have groomed teenagers in several areas and Mr Loughton has been charged with preparing an action plan. ...

The CEOP investigation found more than 2,000 victims who had been groomed as children, but in more than 1,000 cases little was known about the background of the crime.
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Crime – France, Romanians
France to deport more Romanians after discovering they are behind 80% of street crime
Peter Allen
Daily Mail, 13 June 2011

The vast majority of street robberies in Paris are now carried out by the children of Romanian immigrants, France's Interior Minister has claimed.

Claude Gueant said the notoriously poor and corrupt eastern European state is responsible for exporting some of the most notorious sneak thieves in the world.

Many operate in gangs around the Gare du Nord Eurostar station, preying on English travellers as they arrive by high-speed train from London.

Last year France launched an onslaught against illegal Roma camps full of Romanian immigrants which had sprung up around the French capital.

In an interview with the Journal du Dimanche newspaper, Mr Gueant said: 'Many illegal camps were evacuated.

'However, we have to face up to another problem, that of Romanian delinquency. In Paris, 80 per cent of street robberies are committed by Romanian minors.

'Along with the Romanian authorities, we are taking action against this delinquency, which is organised around cities and by mafia gangs.'

Paris police confirmed that there were now 'dozens' of Romanian gangs operating around major tourists attractions, and at transport hubs.

Passengers arriving at the Gare du Nord are often swamped by up to 10 Romanian girls asking 'Do you speak English?' and holding out their hands.

Bodily contact is commonplace, with the girls delving into pockets and bags as they surround their victims.

Meanwhile, hardened male criminals will keep watch, or intervene with violence if anybody tries to fight the girls off.

Young boys also snatch phones and wallets from people sitting on the outside terraces of Paris cafés, while underground Metro passengers find themselves surrounded by crowd of youngsters who will pickpocket them.

'Such scenarios take place all over Paris, and it is a growing problem,' said a police spokesman. 'We can disperse the children momentarily, but in the end they are minors and there is very little action we can take as far as holding them in custody is concerned.' ...

Last year, the EU blocked Romania and Bulgaria from joining the EU's passport-free travel zone because of fears of an influx of organised criminals.

Romania, which joined the EU in 2007, has also faced major problems as a centre for drugs and people trafficking.

Around 2000 Roma people, including many Romanians, are believed to live in France. Under EU citizenship rules, Roma people have the right to move to France but must have work permits to stay for longer than three months.
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Crime
Third of rapists and killers 'are foreign'
David Lowe
The Sun, 31 May 2011

Immigrants make up a THIRD of murder suspects and alleged rapists in a string of areas, shock new figures reveal.

And one in seven of all people accused of these crimes in the UK as a whole is a foreign national.

Data from police forces shows 93 foreign-born suspects were accused of murder last year and 418 faced rape allegations.

Four forces each had 33 per cent of non-UK murder suspects - Kent, Lincolnshire and Tayside and Fife in Scotland. The Met Police recorded the highest rate of non-UK rape suspects at 32 per cent. ...

The soaring number of immigrants cost the authorities £34 million for translators last year to deal with non-English speaking suspects, victims and witnesses. That's enough to pay for 1,000 cops.

The figures for immigrant suspects - obtained by The Sun with Freedom of Information requests - throw up some surprises.

Bedfordshire and Hampshire police each had 25 per cent of non-UK murder suspects - ahead of the Met's 23 per cent.

UKIP Euro MP Gerard Batten claimed: "The figures demonstrate the high proportion of crime that is the result of uncontrolled immigration."
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Crime – deportation, human rights
Robber spared deportation because he has a girlfriend
David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 15 May 2011

An immigration judge has allowed a convicted robber to stay in Britain simply because he has a girlfriend in this country, ...

The Sri Lankan was jailed for 15 months, but fought off an official attempt to deport him to his homeland because he said his right to a "private and family life" was not being respected. ... ...

The 22-year-old was convicted of robbery in December 2008, sentenced to 15 months in prison, and served with a deportation order by the Home Office. He then fought an 11-month legal battle to be allowed to stay, first taking his case to an asylum and immigration panel, which backed him.

When the Home Office appealed he hired Claire Physsas, a barrister who had previously worked at the European Court of Human Rights. She successfully argued that, because he had a girlfriend in Britain, he had "established a private and family life".
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Crime – bogus marriages
Licence rule for migrant weddings
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 12 April 2011

The tradition of reading banns in church is to be dropped for migrant weddings as part of a new drive to combat bogus marriages.

In future, any non-EU citizens wanting to marry in the Church of England will have to apply for a "common licence" and pay a £100 fee. The licence has to be signed off by a bishop and only after the provision of verifying documents and stringent checks by the local vicar. ... ...

Figures published last month suggested that the number of sham marriages in Britain had tripled in the last four years, with 934 reported cases.
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Crime
Polish migrants top crime tables
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 11 April 2011

European migrants are committing more than 500 crimes a week in Britain and officials are powerless to deport many of them.

More than 54,000 European Union citizens have been convicted of crimes – including murder – in the past two years ...

Poles and Romanians are the worst offenders according to the figures, adding to concerns over the impact of the two most recent EU expansions.

And because of EU rules on freedom of movement, only those sentenced to at least two years in prison face deportation after they complete their punishment.

Less than a week ago, separate figures showed crime committed here by all foreigners had doubled in two years. ...

Under data exchange systems in the EU, police here notify another member state if one of its citizens has been convicted of a crime. Figures from the Association of Chief Police Officers showed that last year 27,056 such notifications were made and 27,379 in 2009. That is the equivalent of 520 a week or 75 a day.

In 2010, 6,777 Poles were convicted of crimes and 4,343 Romanians.

They were followed by citizens from Lithuania (4,176), Ireland (2,423) and Latvia (1,938).
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Crime
Police 'hid' abuse of 60 girls by Asian takeaway workers linked to murder of 14-year-old
James Tozer
Daily Mail, 7 April 2011

At least 60 schoolgirls were groomed for sex by workers at seedy takeaways linked to the murder of a 14-year-old girl.

Children as young as 11 were targeted by mainly Asian staff at fast food outlets in Blackpool. They were offered food, alcohol and cigarettes in return for sexual favours.

An unpublicised police report produced after 14-year-old Charlene Downes vanished in 2003 found the girls, most if not all white, had been victims of the 'honey pot' premises. ... ...

The revelations about the scale of grooming centred around the downmarket cafes comes amid growing concern at disturbing cases involving mainly Asian gangs exploiting young white girls for sex in the Midlands and North of England. ...

The Home Office commissioned a nationwide investigation into the problem, which has long been considered taboo by police officers fearful of being branded racist.

Indeed, a former senior detective at Lancashire Police yesterday blamed political correctness for its failure to highlight its 2003 findings in Blackpool.

But the force denied this, saying the report had been available online since 2007 but had never been intended for publication.
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Crime
Migrant crimewave as arrests double
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 5 April 2011

Britain is in the grip of a foreign crimewave after arrests of migrants almost doubled in two years.

Police arrested more than 91,000 foreigners suspected of crimes last year – the equivalent of 250 a day – compared with fewer than 52,000 in 2008.

Rural areas, which have experienced large influxes of migrants, have been hit particularly hard, with one force reporting arrests rising from 27 per year to almost 5,000 since 2006.

The figures, released under a Freedom of Information request, have raised concerns over how Labour's immigration policies have affected communities and services.

The true figure could be twice as high because fewer than half of police forces provided figures.

Chief constables have already warned that a rising number of foreign criminals has put pressure on resources, such as officer time and translation costs.

Last night one rank and file leader disclosed that it can take an officer up to six hours to issue a caution to a foreign offender who does not speak English. ...

If the trend is repeated across all 52 forces in Britain, it is estimated that more than 750,000 foreigners have been arrested since 2006. ...

Pete Smyth, the chairman of the Metropolitan Police Federation, said migration a "huge" impact on police resources.
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Crime – sham marriages
Human rights laws result in a tripling of sham marriages
James Slack
Daily Mail, 24 March 2011

Human rights rulings by judges have led to a tripling in the number of suspected sham weddings.

The courts have repeatedly weakened rules designed to prevent non-EU immigrants from marrying solely to remain in the UK.

In four years, cases have risen from 282 annually to 934 – or 18 every week.

And the Human Rights Act has left the Home Office with no option but to scrap all remaining legal safeguards against fake ceremonies within weeks.

Mandy Brammer, a registrar in Brent, north London, tells tonight's BBC Panorama programme that up to 2004 'we'd have waiting rooms full of people, all of whom were trying to arrange a sham marriage. There's every likelihood of going back to that situation'.

A legal crackdown was introduced by Labour in February 2005 after the number of suspected sham ceremonies – often arranged by criminal gangs who could earn £10,000 a time – reached 3,700 a year.

The clampdown, which reduced this figure by 90 per cent, was targeted at those who marry Britons, or EU citizens with full residency rights, to gain permission to remain indefinitely.

Migrants were forced to seek a special certificate to marry if they lived outside the EU, or had only limited rights to live in the UK.

Those with only three months leave to stay were routinely refused on the grounds that the ceremony was intended only to avoid removal from the country.

In 2006 the courts ruled the entire system was unfair under human rights law. Two years later, the House of Lords found the rules to be a breach of Section 12 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the right to marry.

It meant people could no longer be denied a certificate to marry based on the length of time remaining on their visa.

Since then the number of suspected sham ceremonies a year has rocketed, from around 300 to 900. Now, following further human rights rulings, the Home Office will shortly scrap the certificate system altogether.

Under the current system, it receives 20,000 applications for certificates of approval each year, with officials refusing only one in 20.

Immigration Minister Damian Green confirmed that the human rights judgments had left the Home Office unable to keep or replace the certificate of approval.

He said it would be replaced by a system of 'enforcement' and 'education'. ...

Registrars will be trained to look for suspicious activity, and anybody involved in fake ceremonies will be arrested.
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Crime – employment
Illegal workers' fines uncollected
Guardian / PA, 14 March 2011

Only 20% of fines imposed on employers who hire illegal workers have been paid, leaving tens of millions of pounds uncollected, figures show.

The UK Border Agency (UKBA) has collected just £10.7 million of the £53.1 million of fines issued since the first penalty was imposed in May 2008, Immigration Minister Damian Green said.

Campaign group Migration Watch UK said the situation was "frankly lamentable" and "another example of successive governments' feeble approach to illegal immigration".

The figures were released in a written answer to Labour MP Frank Field, but do not show how many of the civil penalties have been reduced or cancelled on appeal.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of Migration Watch, said: "This scheme could be a very useful instrument in the fight against illegal immigration, helping reduce the scope for illegal workers who undercut law abiding businesses and legal workers."

But he added: "It seems that the UKBA is taking the employers' word that they cannot afford to pay or are too ready to agree a reduced figure in the hope of getting at least some of the fine.

"This is another example of successive governments' feeble approach to illegal immigration. To collect just 20% of the available fines is frankly lamentable.

"There must be much more determined collection of fines to send a clear message that those employing illegal workers will suffer financially.

"Otherwise, the job opportunities for British workers will continue to be thoroughly undermined by people from across the world who have no right to be here at all."
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Crime – France
Sarkozy's party accused of pandering to far Right
Henry Samuel
Daily Telegraph, 3 March 2011

The UMP party of President Nicolas Sarkozy was yesterday accused of pandering to National Front supporters by inviting a journalist convicted of racism to a debate about Islam.

Eric Zemmour, one of France's best known commentators, was found guilty last month of incitement to racial hatred after telling a television chat show that drug dealers were mostly "blacks and Arabs".

Yesterday Mr Zemmour was invited to a debate in the French parliament about freedom of expression, leading to protests from civil rights groups.
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Crime – car insurance
Migrant car insurance scam exposed: Police admit it's 'become a running joke'
Daily Mail, 28 February 2011

Eastern European immigrants have devised a scam that lets them drive in Britain without insurance.

They register their cars in their home states, paying tiny premiums for policies that become invalid if they live abroad for more than six months.

To get around this, they go on day-trips to Calais and other ports twice a year and keep the return boarding cards.

These are shown to police if they are stopped as 'evidence' that they have recently brought the car from their country of origin and are therefore insured.

Detailed inquiries would expose the lie but the drivers are taking advantage of the fact that checks with foreign authorities and insurers are difficult, time-consuming and expensive, so officers rarely pursue them.

Some 30,000 claims a year involve uninsured drivers, many of them foreign registered. ...

A Kent police officer, who asked not to be named, told the Daily Mail: 'It's become a running joke that when you pull over an Eastern European car the driver takes a boarding card from the glove compartment.

'We know what they're up to but the choice is either spending hours or days sometimes building a case against them or using the time to deal with more serious offences.'
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Crime – France, racism, free speech
French journalist convicted on racism charge over drug dealer comment
Angelique Chrisafis
The Guardian, 18 February 2011

The controversial French journalist Éric Zemmour has been found guilty of incitement to racial hatred after telling a TV chatshow that drug dealers were mostly "blacks and Arabs".

The Paris trial sparked a fierce debate over freedom of speech and the extent of France's racism problem, which is poisoning the republican ideal that all citizens are equal regardless of colour.

Zemmour, a well-known media commentator and columnist for Le Figaro, prides himself on his outspoken defiance of what he deems political correct, woolly liberals.

He appeared on a chatshow last year when the debate turned to the question of the French police's excessive use of stop and search powers against minorities. He said: "But why are they stopped 17 times? Why? Because most dealers are blacks and Arabs. That's a fact."

According to the French model, where everyone is theoretically equal under a state blind to race or religion, it is illegal to count ethnic minorities or race statistics. So there are no figures on the ethnic identity of criminals.

Zemmour was also fined for telling another TV channel that employers "had a right" to turn down black or Arab candidates. Job discrimination over race and ethnicity is thought to be widespread in France.

Zemmour, whose parents were Jewish Berbers who emigrated from Algeria in the 1950s, told the court he was not a "provocateur" but a faithful observer of reality who refused political correctness. He was backed by several centre-right politicians and some on the left.

The state prosecutor accused him of using the "old stereotype that linked immigration to crime".
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Crime – violence
Rival Afghans' seaside war
Jon Coates
Sunday Express, 6 February 2011

A seaside town has been turned into a battle zone by rival gangs of Afghan asylum seekers settling tribal differences, terrified residents say.

Tensions between different factions being housed in Folkestone, Kent, erupted into a pitched street battle last week that left one man dead and five seriously injured.

Families living in the area are scared to go out at night, with some fleeing their homes to escape the violence that has come with the influx of immigrants.

Michael Straw, 50, who lives near the scene, has been staying with friends since the mass brawl, said: "It is absolute chaos and like being in a war zone. I felt scared being there and cannot face going back."

An elderly man, who did not want to be named for fear of reprisal, said: "This used to be a holiday town but in the last few years it's turned into Beirut."

Former police officer Malcolm Montgomery added: "There's a lot of problems around here. I wouldn't feel happy walking at night."
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Crime – deportation, human rights
Hundreds of foreign criminals can't be deported
David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 30 January 2011

A record number of foreign criminals and illegal immigrants are winning the right to stay in Britain under human rights laws.

In the first nine months of last year more than 300 immigrants defeated Home Office attempts to deport them. The full-year total is expected to exceed 400.

Among those allowed to stay were killers, rapists and multiple offenders, along with a woman whose appeal was backed by a judge even though he accused her of "manufacturing" evidence.

Critics claimed that as a result of the rulings, the Home Office was reducing its efforts to deport migrants due to the strong likelihood that it would face successful challenges on human rights grounds. ...

In Opposition, the Conservatives pledged to scrap the Human Rights Act and replace it with a British Bill of Rights, but there has been no progress since the Coalition came to power. ...

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of MigrationWatch UK, which campaigns against mass immigration, said of the figures: "This is just the tip of a very large iceberg. For every human rights case that is won in the courts, many others of a similar nature will simply be granted by Home Office officials in the knowledge that any appeal would simply be allowed.

"These figures show that the gradual extension of the human rights regime is rendering it progressively more difficult to remove large numbers of people who on other grounds have no right to stay in Britain."

Other immigrants who faced deportation because they had entered the country illegally or overstayed their visas have also used human rights arguments successfully.
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Crime – fraud
Leader of £3m benefit fraud gang is jailed
Daily Telegraph, 27 January 2011

The "linchpin" of a gang that used more than 100 migrant women to steal £3.3 million in benefits over three years has been jailed for five years.

Ricardas Virokaitis, 37, a Lithuanian living in Eltham, London, was withdrawing up to £90,000 every month from bogus accounts.
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Crime
Cyber gang threat
Daily Telegraph, 27 January 2011

A single gang is behind more than a third of cyber crime in the UK, costing £10 billion a year. The group, thought to be Russian, steals credit card numbers and other valuable data, Spiderlabs, a computer forensic team has found.
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Crime – political correctness, Islam
Denying an ethnic link in sex gangs case is blinkered
Leo McKinstry
Daily Express, 10 January 2011

The hypocrisy of the politically correct brigade is truly nauseating. These noisy zealots constantly trumpet their commitment to women's rights, anti-racism and the protection of the vulnerable.

Yet, suddenly, when confronted with the reality of vicious sexual exploitation of young white girls by Asian men, they drop their supposedly cherished principles.

Instead they either deny the existence of the issue or, even worse, they collude with abusers by attacking those who tell the truth.

In recent days these grotesque double standards have been fully on display in the wake of new evidence about the prevalence of Asian sex gangs within our society.

Last week two Muslim men from Derby, Mohammed Liaqat and Abid Saddique, were jailed for raping several young girls after plying them with drugs and alcohol. The conviction of these two vile predators came on top of a new report from the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, which warned of the growing incidence of this kind of systematic abuse by Pakistani offenders.

Another study last week, based on an analysis of 17 major prosecutions since 1997 for grooming and sexual exploitation of girls aged 11 to 16, showed that of the 56 men found guilty, 53 were Asian.

Responding to these revelations, the former Home Secretary Jack Straw abandoned the usual conspiracy of denial from the political establishment. In refreshingly frank language, he told the BBC that there was a "specific problem" with some Pakistani men who prey on young white girls because "they think they are easy meat".

Predictably, Straw's comments caused a huge storm. Muslim groups called his views "deeply offensive" while MP Keith Vaz said the remarks were "pretty dangerous". The chief executive of the children's charity Barnardo's Martin Narey warned in handwringing tones about the potential stereotyping of Pakistani men.

Clearly, morality should not be inverted by the dogma of political correctness. In this twisted ideological world, it would seem that the hypersensitivities of an ethnic minority are more keenly protected than the rights of abused girls.

The greatest crime is not the sexual brutality itself but daring to mention the ethnicity of the predators.

It is fascinating to contrast this institutionalised eagerness to dissemble and deny with the almost celebratory glee that drove the coverage of the child abuse scandal in the Catholic church.

It was absolutely right that a fierce light was shone on this culture of exploitation, which inflicted such suffering on the innocent and was the very antithesis of the Christian doctrine of compassion, yet the media and the political elite have shamefully failed to adopt the same vigorous approach towards Asian sex gangs. ...

But the sheer scale of the problem means that the establishment can no longer keep it a dirty secret. It is absurd to pretend that this has nothing to do with Islam. Only the politically blinkered refuse to see that Muslim culture promotes aggressive misogyny against women, who are often treated as little more than chattels.

Muslim men's attitude towards women outside the faith can be even more contemptuous since they are regarded as infidels devoid of any morality.
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Crime – racism, political correctness
Are white girls really 'easy meat'?
Andrew Gilligan
Sunday Telegraph, 9 January 2011

In industrial towns across the North and the Midlands, over the past three years, at least 51 people have been convicted in trials involving groups of men who have picked up young girls for sexual exploitation. Forty-eight of the offenders were Asian; the vast majority of the victims were white. ...

The issue exploded on to the national agenda on Friday after Jack Straw, the former Home Secretary who is also MP for Blackburn, said that in his town, some Pakistani men saw white girls as "easy meat". ...

Many other figures involved in this field have fought shy. Martin Narey, the chief executive of Barnardo's, initially described the evidence as merely "anecdotal". A Channel 4 documentary on the subject in 2004 was pulled at the request of police. Few experts were willing to talk openly yesterday.

Yet as early as 2006, Blackburn's local paper, the Lancashire Telegraph, launched a "Keep Them Safe" campaign to make the authorities tackle what it called "sexual grooming and abduction [à] which predominantly involves Asian men". In article after article, the paper charted locals' frustration at officialdom's reluctance to get involved: ...

In response, in 2008, Lancashire police and Blackburn social services set up Operation Engage. By March last year, it had offered protection to some 385 girls and young women. Similar operations have sprung up in Preston and other nearby towns. ... ...

Sadly for the racists, the figures just do not support any attempt to paint British Muslims and Asians as sex predators on a national scale. Asians are, in fact, under-represented among sex offenders. As at June 2009, there were 7,021 British men in prison for sex crimes, of whom only 234 were Asian. That is 3.3 per cent, rather less than the proportion of Asians in the population. And a 2008 study by Malcolm Cowburn of Sheffield Hallam University found that jailed sex criminals from ethnic minorities were less likely to have abused children than white sex offenders. ...

Even though sex crimes committed by Pakistanis may be no more prevalent than those committed by people of any other race, that still leaves the question of whether those crimes are being less effectively tackled by the authorities. Some might argue that the relative lack of Asian sex offenders in prison reflects the authorities' relative unwillingness to pursue Asian sex offenders.

Criminologists say that that is probably not the explanation. But as with any offenders of any race, people commit crime more if they think they can get away with it. And in the eyes of many people in East Lancashire, there was, at least until recently, a willingness to let Pakistani offenders get away with it, for fear of being accused of racism. The danger, of course, is that that stokes the very bigotry it seeks to avoid. ...

Last night, in the inevitable political row, some of the usual suspects accused Straw of "stereotyping a whole community". But this subject does not have to become a racial melodrama; it is, principally, a crime. We can tackle it – but first we have to start talking about it.
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Crime – political correctness
Straw in Pakistani sex abuse storm
Jonathan Wynne-Jones
Sunday Telegraph, 9 January 2011

Jack Straw, the former home secretary, has provoked a fierce row after he claimed some British Pakistani men regard white girls as "easy meat" for sexual abuse.

While some Labour MPs attacked their party colleague for his comments yesterday, others praised him for raising the sensitive issue.

Mr Straw made his comments on Newsnight on Friday ... He said there was a "specific problem" in some areas, where men from the Pakistani community "target vulnerable young white girls".

Khalid Mahmood, the Labour MP for Birmingham Perry Barr, said: "To generalise in this manner and to castigate a whole community is not becoming of him."

Mr Mashmood's criticism was echoed by Keith Vaz, the chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, who said: "I don't think you can stereotype an entire community." However, Ann Cryer, a former Labour MP for Keighley, said Mr Straw should be commended for highlighting a problem Muslim MPs were not prepared to confront.

"The majority of young Asian men are fine, but there's a minority who do not behave properly towards white women and sweeping it under the carpet will only make matters worse," she said.
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Crime – sex gangs, political correctness
Top detective blasts 'culture of silence' that allows Asian sex gangs to groom white girls... because police and social services fear being branded racist
Chris Brooke
Daily Mail, 5 January 2011

Police and social services have been accused of fuelling a culture of silence which has allowed hundreds of young white girls to be exploited by Asian men for sex.

Agencies have identified a long-term pattern of offending by gangs of men, predominantly from the British Pakistani community, who have befriended and abused hundreds of vulnerable girls aged 11 to 16.

Experts claim the statistics represent a mere fraction of a 'tidal wave' of offending in counties across the Midlands and the north of England which has been going on for more than a decade.

A senior officer at West Mercia police has called for an end to the 'damaging taboo' connecting on-street grooming with race.

Detective Chief Inspector Alan Edwards said: 'These girls are being passed around and used as meat.

'To stop this type of crime you need to start everyone talking about it but everyone's been too scared to address the ethnicity factor.

'No one wants to stand up and say that Pakistani guys in some parts of the country are recruiting young white girls and passing them around their relatives for sex, but we need to stop being worried about the racial complication.'

In a briefing paper, researchers at University College London's Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science concurred that victims were typically white girls while 'most central offenders are Pakistani'.

The offenders were not viewed as paedophiles but had picked the girls 'because of their malleability'.

The report concluded that 'race is a delicate issue' that should be 'handled sensitively but not brushed under the carpet'.

The grooming usually begins with older groups of men befriending girls aged from 11 to 16 they meet on the street.

In a typical scenario, the victim is initially treated as a girlfriend and showered with presents and attention.

But the relationship quickly becomes more sinister as the abuser plies the child with drink and drugs before effectively pimping her out to friends and associates.

The worst cases involve young girls being moved around the country to be repeatedly abused.

Charities and agencies working in conjunction with the police to help victims of sexual abuse in such cases have publicly denied there is a link between ethnicity and the on-street grooming of young girls by gangs and pimps.

But researchers identified 17 court prosecutions since 1997, 14 of them in the past three years, involving the on-street grooming of girls aged 11 to 16 by groups of men.

The victims came from 13 towns and cities and in each case two or more men were convicted of offences.

In total, 56 people, with an average age of 28, were found guilty of crimes including rape, child abduction, indecent assault and sex with a child.

Three of the 56 were white, 53 were Asian. Of those, 50 were Muslim and a majority were members of the British Pakistani community.

Those convicted allegedly represent only a small proportion of what one detective called a 'tidal wave' of offending in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Greater Manchester and the Midlands.
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DISEASE

Disease
Majority of new HIV, tuberculosis and hepatitis B cases are found in immigrants coming to live in Britain
Jenny Hope
Daily Mail, 21 December 2011

High rates of tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis B are found in migrants coming to live as long-term residents in Britain, according to a report.

Three-quarters of tuberculosis cases reported in Britain last year were born abroad, with many diagnosed two or more years after their arrival.

Almost two-thirds of newly diagnosed cases of HIV and 80 per cent of hepatitis B infected blood donors in 2010 were born abroad.

The Health Protection Agency (HPA) report says 12 per cent of people living in Britain in 2010 were born abroad - up from 8 per cent in 2001. ...

Dr Jane Jones, head of the travel and migrant section at HPA, said: 'The majority of non-UK born residents do not have infectious disease but some are at higher risk than UK-born residents because of their exposures and their life experiences prior to, during and after migration.

'It is important to remember that risk to non-UK born residents does not end on arrival in the UK,' she added.
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Disease – tuberculosis
TB screening misses 70% of latent cases
Sarah Boseley
The Guardian, 21 April 2011

The UK should radically change its tuberculosis screening policy and include arrivals from the Indian subcontinent, which could prevent most cases of the disease, according to scientists in a paper published today.

TB is a growing problem in the UK, where cases almost doubled between 1998 and 2009, and drug-resistant forms of the disease are spreading around the globe.

Arrivals from sub-Saharan Africa, which carries the heaviest TB burden in the world, are X-rayed – but the test only picks up active TB cases, of which there are very few. UK screening has been missing 70% of latent TB – where the person is a carrier of the disease and may become ill and infect others several years later.

Scientists writing in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal say TB screening could be more effective by using a blood test to pick up latent disease.

Professor Ajit Lalvani from Imperial College London and his colleagues studied results from a highly specific blood test for latent TB at three immigrant screening centres in the UK between 2008 and 2009, and collected data on the countries people had travelled from.

They discovered that 20% of recent immigrants from the Indian subcontinent and almost 30% from sub-Saharan Africa are carriers of latent tuberculosis. They conclude that the current screening policy, which excludes immigrants from the Indian subcontinent – even though half of all active tuberculosis cases in the UK are in those populations – has been missing 70% of imported latent tuberculosis.

Changes to TB screening could pick up 92% of infected immigrants, they say, just by targeting younger people. They recommend that anyone aged 35 or under from a country with TB prevalence of 150 cases per 100,000 people should be given the blood test for latent infection.
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DIVERSITY

Diversity – education
Darwin in schools
David J. Critchley
Daily Telegraph, 5 December 2011
[Letter to the Editor]

The President of the National Secular Society wants Michael Gove, the Education Secretary, to send all schools a copy of Darwin's The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (report, November 26).

Given that Darwin's alternative title for the book was The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, it is a close call whether possession of the book by schools should be required in the interests of science, or banned in the interests of diversity.
[Newspaper link]

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Diversity – equality, multiculturalism, community cohesion
White working class Britons 'don't get a fair deal compared with ethnic minorities'
Rob Cooper
Daily Mail, 28 November 2011

The white working classes feel they don't get a fair deal compared with ethnic minorities, a survey has revealed.

They believe their views aren't listened to when it comes to issues such as allocation of council housing - and are often left 'last in line'.

Those living in working class areas said the idea of 'community cohesion' meant little to them.

The survey also found that they viewed 'equality schemes' as being associated with political correctness.

The research, which focused on Aston in Birmingham, Canley in Coventry and Somers Town in London, revealed people had very little faith in central Government and local council officials.

However, the white working classes remain proud of their identity and the values they stand for.

These include working hard, looking after each other and having pride in their community.

The research, published today, also criticised previous studies on community cohesion for focusing too much on ethnic minorities rather than the area they lived in as a whole. ...

Findings by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation also revealed that officials often 'raised hopes' of residents during consultations about council houses but ultimately left them feeling 'let down.'
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Diversity
Blair defends opening the door to mass migration and says it had a very positive impact on Britain
Kirsty Walker
Daily Mail, 29 October 2011

Tony Blair has defended Labour's controversial mass immigration policy by claiming that Britain cannot succeed unless it opens its borders to more people from different backgrounds.

The former prime minister said it was 'right' that the country was made up of different cultures and faiths mixing together.

Mr Blair added that migrants had made Britain 'stronger' and said those calling for greater curbs on foreigners entering the country were wrong.

His comments come just days after official figures revealed that the population is expected to soar by the equivalent of a city the size of Leeds every year for the next decade.

A defiant Mr Blair insisted his party's policy on immigration was the right one. He said: 'It's been a very positive thing and there is no way for a country like Britain to succeed in the future unless it is open to people of different colours, faiths and cultures.'

Under Labour, up to 5.5 million people born outside the UK arrived as long-term migrants.

Between 1997 and 2010, around 2.3 million left the country, meaning the UK population increased by around 3.2 million as a direct result of foreign migrants.

In an interview with Eastern Eye newspaper, Mr Blair said: 'The vision of a country of different cultures and different faiths mixing together is the right one.

'That is not to say you don't have problems at certain points, but those problems are to be overcome without losing the essence of what has actually allowed this country's people to get on and do well.'

His comments were branded 'shameless' by critics and are set to fuel claims that the huge increase in migrants under Labour were due to a politically motivated attempt by ministers to change the country.

Two years ago, Andrew Neather, a former adviser to Tony Blair, said that Labour' s relaxation of controls was a deliberate plan to 'open the UK to mass migration'.

He added that Labour wanted to rub the 'Right's nose in diversity and render their arguments out of date'.

Mr Blair added that the anti-immigration debate was one of the 'past'. 'I think the majority of people in Britain today are not prejudiced and can understand the benefits of migration.

'I think what people worry about is where they feel there is no control over who comes in and there are no rules governing who comes in or not, and that is a different issue altogether.

'It would be very unfortunate if by putting those rules into place, we view that immigration was a somehow bad thing for the country, because it is not.'
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Diversity – idealism
The euro delusion – goodbye to the third stupid, utopian idea of the last century
Ed West
Daily Telegraph blogs, 28 September 2011

At the Labour Party conference two days ago, Ed Miliband said that Labour had got it wrong over immigration, and "underestimated the level of immigration" from Poland. ...

And it was not just that Labour "got it wrong" in a technical sense. They were systematically, fundamentally wrong in their entire philosophy, a level of wrong-ness that only comes about when intelligent people suffer from collective madness. Their approach to immigration, as many party workers have since confessed, came about from a flawed belief that ethnic, religious and cultural diversity was itself a good and liberal thing, a millennial belief in a universalism that could be called the diversity delusion.

The diversity delusion and the euro delusion are both symptoms of a similar pseudo-religious mania. Both sprung from a noble attempt to ensure that the horrors of 1914-1945, inspired by nationalism and scientific racism, were never repeated. Both make them more likely to be repeated. ... ...

Without exception the guilty men of Europe also shared, and still, share, the diversity delusion. The Liberal Democrats have entirely signed up, and most of the Labour Party too, although the Tories must share the blame too.
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Diversity – religion
Rules create job or beliefs dilemma
Tim Ross
Daily Telegraph, 24 September 2011

A growing "equalities culture" is forcing Christians to choose between their beliefs and their jobs, Church of England and Roman Catholic leaders have warned.

Diversity policies threaten to increase the pressure on Christians, according to a Church of England report.

The Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales has also accused the courts of failing to protect the right to wear a cross at work.
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Diversity – police
Some police can barely write, lawyer claims
Daily Telegraph, 14 September 2011

Some police officers are "barely literate" because the educational requirements to join the service are so low, a lawyer claimed yesterday.

Tom Winsor, who is reviewing police recruitment, said many criminal barristers "speak in contemptuous terms" of the quality of officers' evidence.

Educational standards had fallen "significantly" since the 1930s, he said.

Theresa May, the Home Secretary, denied that the police were illiterate. ...

Mr Winsor said he found it "astonishing" that officers claimed the low requirements were the result of trying "to get more diversity among applicants".

"I find that astonishing because if I was of that background I'd be insulted," he said.
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Diversity – multiculturalism, racism, education, Australia
Australian school curriculum to force acceptance of multiculturalism
Bruce McDougall
news.com.au / The Courier-Mail, 5 September 2011

School students are being targeted in a major new push to force acceptance of multiculturalism by "embedding" it in the national curriculum.

Young Australians will be trained in "cultural competency" during classes as part of the Gillard Government's plan to boost support for multiculturalism and outlaw negative attitudes.

Thousands of teachers have been surveyed about how the policy is working and to uncover racism under special research entitled "Rethinking Multiculturalism/Reassessing Multicultural Education".

The Government's multi-pronged plan also involves sending 40 "People of Australia Ambassadors" into the community to spruik the benefits of multiculturalism and a new offensive against racism.

The Gillard Government, responding to 10 recommendations made by the Australian Multicultural Advisory Council, has agreed multiculturalism should be infused in the high school curriculum.

Australian teenagers should "understand and appreciate the value of other cultures", the Government has decided.

"We will ensure that the development of students' cultural competency in a globalised world is embedded into our national curriculum." ...

Professor Kevin Dunn from the UWS School of Sciences said the research was "not a post riots-type response".

"There is no really serious alternative to multiculturalism as a means to deal with our cultural diversity," he said.

"It's good that the policy has been reconfirmed particularly given that internationally we have had some Western governments making statements against multiculturalism."

"There is racism, we know it, and that requires a response."

Research shows about one in 10 Australians have racial supremacist beliefs and about the same number oppose inter-marriage and believe races should be kept separate.

A study by the Scanlon Foundation found about 9 per cent of Australians believed that "ethnic diversity erodes a country's security".
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Diversity – USA
Obama Creates Office Of Diversity, Inclusion
Judicial Watch, 24 August 2011

The economy remains in shambles yet President Obama keeps wasting taxpayer dollars expanding an already bloated U.S. government, this month launching a new office to help build a "diverse and inclusive workforce" at all federal agencies.

The new Office of Diversity and Inclusion will ensure that the entire U.S. government develops comprehensive strategies to drive and integrate diversity and inclusion practices. It will assist the different agencies in building a workforce that "respects individual and organizational cultures" by examining policy options, data trends and employee survey findings.

The goal is to eliminate demographic group imbalances in targeted occupations and improve workforce diversity. To attain this, special initiatives have been created targeting specific groups, including Hispanics, African Americans, American Indians, women and gays and lesbians. The idea is to create a workforce that truly reflects America's diversity, according to the Obama Administration.
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Diversity – air force, USA
AFA gets an extra $1 million to tackle diversity issues
Tom Roeder
The Gazette (Colorado Springs), 15 July 2011

The Air Force Academy has a plan and a $1 million budget to make the school more diverse, but no numerical goal that describes what diverse looks like.

Adding more cadets from minorities groups to the academy's population has been a goal for years. The Board of Visitors, the school's oversight body, was told Friday that the school has a new plan, which includes diversity training for employees, stepping up minority recruitment and training "inclusion ambassadors" who will promote diversity at the academy.

"The good thing is we're doing something about it," said Lt. Gen. Mike Gould, academy superintendent.

The academy's student body is 71 percent white, which is similar to its sister academies for Navy and Army, and close to the national population average.

But the academy wants to see gains in the number of black and Hispanic cadets on the campus, who make up a combined 16 percent of the student body, well below their share of the national population.

But the Air Force is staying away from quotas.

"Metrics have always been a tough thing for all the services," Lt. Gen. Darrell Jones, an Air Force personnel officer from the Pentagon told the board, which advises Congress and President Obama on academy matters.

The Air Force put money into the academy program this year, adding $1 million to the program in 2011 – doubling the academy's diversity budget. Much of the cash is being spent on recruiting in black, Hispanic and Asian neighborhoods. The idea is that attracting more minority applicants will gradually grow the academy's minority population.

Still, some board members fear that the program lacks clear goals because it doesn't set racial quotas. ...

Jones said numbers alone, though, won't do the job.

"The goal is to have a diverse population find success in the military," he said.
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Diversity – equality
A bin complaint? Can you tell us if you're gay?
Daily Telegraph, 13 July 2011

A grandmother who complained about her bin collection was angered when she was asked to fill a form about her religious beliefs and sexual orientation. ...

Helen Eales, leader of North Norfolk district council, said: "The rules state we must demonstrate that we are being fair to everyone but I fail to see how knowing that a transsexual called us about their wheelie bin would help us in any way at all.

"At the moment, it is still a legal requirement for us under rules brought in by the Labour government."

A council spokesman said: "The questionnaire is completely optional and the questions are used by most public bodies across the country. ..."
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Diversity – multiculturalism, religion
Threat to Anglicanism as 'nation's faith'
Daily Telegraph, 12 July 2011

Britain's growing religious diversity poses a major threat to the position of the Church of England as the "established" faith of the nation, a report to senior Anglicans warned. ...

The Church should draw up plans to preach the Gospel in diverse areas, form links with other faith groups and care for those who choose to convert to Christianity, said the report by the Church's presence and engagement task group. It was presented to the General Synod, the Church's national assembly, in York. ...

A separate Church report called for positive discrimination-style approaches to be used to appoint more ethnic minority bishops.
[Newspaper link]

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Diversity – racial quotas, discrimination, free speech
Racial Quotas, Speech Codes, and the Thought Police [part 1]
Michael Barone
National Review Online, 7 July 2011

It's racially discriminatory to prohibit racial discrimination. That's the bottom line of a decision issued last Friday, just before the Fourth of July weekend, by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.

The case was brought by an organization called By Any Means Necessary to overturn a state constitutional amendment passed by a 58 percent majority of Michigan voters in November 2006.

This was not BAMN's first challenge to the proposition. It staged a mini-riot in the secretary of state's office to try to block submission of the signatures that put the proposition on the ballot.

The ballot proposition, ..., banned racial discrimination by state colleges and universities and by state government generally. It is consistent with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and in line with the aims of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution.

Its chief goal was to ban the racial quotas and preferences long used in admissions by Michigan's state universities. The U.S. Supreme Court in 2003 overturned the explicit quotas used by the University of Michigan's undergraduate college but, in a controlling opinion by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, approved the "holistic" admissions process of U of M's law school.

The Sixth Circuit ruling seems unlikely to stand. Its citation of Supreme Court precedents is unpersuasive. The proposition that a state's voters cannot ban racial discrimination seems palpably absurd.

But it does stand as a monument to the contortions that liberal lawyers and judges will go through to perpetuate the racial quotas and preferences that have become embedded in important parts of American life.

The first step in these contortions is to ignore the fact that any racial quota or preference violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discriminating by race is racial discrimination, even if your intention is to help black people.

The next step is, as the Sixth Circuit panel did explicitly and Justice O'Connor did more surreptitiously, to close your eyes to the fact that racial quotas and preferences are being employed. The admissions directors and the corporate human-relations departments are just being, um, "holistic."

All of which is intellectually dishonest and corrosive to honest discourse.
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Diversity – racial quotas, discrimination, free speech
Racial Quotas, Speech Codes, and the Thought Police [part 2]
Michael Barone
National Review Online, 7 July 2011

In my view, the strongest argument against racial quotas and preferences is that they tend to cast a pall of illegitimacy over the achievements of the intended beneficiaries. ...

Within colleges and universities the existence of racial quotas and preferences, unacknowledged but understood by everyone, tends to make relations between blacks and whites more tense and distant. We see all-black dorms on campus, separate orientations for students of color, separate graduation ceremonies – everything but separate drinking fountains.

In addition, the obvious unfairness of racial quotas and preferences has led to the adoption of speech codes, to suppress any criticism and prohibit any statement that makes someone feel uncomfortable. Campuses that were once havens of free speech are now patrolled and regulated by thought police. Intellectual dishonesty has become a job requirement for university administrators.

The argument for racial quotas and preferences is that every sort of talent and ability is equally distributed among every conceivable category of persons, but that quotas and preferences are needed to identify qualified members of groups that were objects of discrimination in the past.

But the idea of equal distribution of talents and abilities, as Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray showed definitively in their 1994 book The Bell Curve, is simply factually wrong.

The ordinary American knows this – and knows also that that is not a rational basis for discriminating against members of any group. It's not very hard to understand that beneath any group average there is a wide range of individual abilities.

Why are university and legal elites so determined to preserve racial quotas and preferences? One reason, I suspect, is that they can't bear to see lower percentages of blacks in the institutions they run than you find in the U.S. Army or many local police departments.

Such attitudes help explain the Sixth Circuit decision and indicate that, even if it is overturned, racial quotas and preferences will remain intact, if unacknowledged and disguised, in higher education.

In 2003, O'Connor suggested that we might need such policies for only another 25 years. I'm betting they'll be around a lot longer than that.
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Diversity – police
Yard spends £25m on 'citizen focus'
Daily Telegraph, 19 May 2011

Scotland Yard has been criticised for spending almost £25 million promoting "diversity" and "citizen focus" projects in the past five years, enough for the annual salaries of more than 1,000 officers. ...

A freedom of information request revealed that the Metropolitan Police's Diversity and Citizen Focus Directorate, which employs around 60 staff, spent £24,701,404 in the five years from 2006 to 2010. The amount includes wages and overtime paid to officers and police staff working at the unit and cash spent on holding "surgeries" and diversity training days for officers, and on publicity.

The money was also used for "training and research" within minority communities, and also on crime fighting and crime prevention in these communities.
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Diversity – army
Farce of army drive to sign up more ethnic minorities
Paul Jeeves
Daily Express, 12 May 2011

An army recruitment drive to sign up more soldiers from ethnic minorities fell flat when the only person interested was told he could be banned from signing up – because he is foreign.

Military chiefs spent over two hours wooing a multi-racial audience who were given free transport to the event in Scarborough, North Yorks.

Yet, despite promises of winter sports, world travel and vast career opportunities, only one person was keen to sign up. ...

As the lack of volunteers became apparent, one community group leader suggested gunfire be edited out of the army's recruitment DVD, claiming it could be upsetting for asylum seekers who had fled to Britain from their war-torn homelands.

Last night critics slammed the event a "ridiculous waste of public cash".

Scarborough Conservative MP Robert Goodwill said: "If they were recruiting for the politically correct brigade, their ranks would be full. If you are going to be frightened by gunfire on a video you are not cut out for the Army."

Emma Boon, campaign director of the TaxPayers' Alliance, said: "Spending taxpayers' money on recruitment for ethnic minorities is box-ticking of the worse kind.

"Singling out potential recruits in this way could even do more harm than good." ...

The recruiting drive came after Army top brass said Muslim troops would be especially useful in areas such as Iraq and Afghanistan to enable them to engage better with local communities. ... ...

The Army has no shortage of applicants but out of 101,000 troops just 5,000 are black, 655 Hindu, 550 Muslim, 350 Buddhist, and only 80 Sikhs.
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Diversity – religion
Political chaplain laments lack of ethnic minorities in Church
Daily Telegraph, 9 May 2011

There is a "disturbing" lack of ethnic minority clerics in the General Synod, the Church of England's national assembly, according to the chaplain of the House of Commons.

The Rev Rose Hudson-Wilkin, who is Jamaican, warned that without priests from minority backgrounds, the Church would have no presence in many of England's inner cities.

"The General Synod lacks minority ethnic membership within its fold," she said.
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Diversity – education
Admit more poor students or lose public cash, Oxford is warned
Andrew Porter and Graeme Paton
Daily Telegraph, 13 April 2011

The Coalition stepped up its attack on Oxford University yesterday, with Nick Clegg accusing the institution of discriminating against students from disadvantaged backgrounds.

The Deputy Prime Minister said much more needed to be done to ensure poor and ethnic minority pupils were given the opportunity to study at the best universities. He even suggested that universities such as Oxford would not receive taxpayers' money in future unless they improved access. ...

He added: "One of the objectives behind our controversial reforms in the funding of universities is we're saying to universities: 'Look, if you want to charge graduates more money for having the benefit of going to university, you're going to have to do a lot, lot more to get under-represented youngsters from poor backgrounds, from black, minority ethnic backgrounds into your university.'"

Anthony Smith, a former president of Magdalen College, Oxford, told Politicshome.com that Mr Clegg and Mr Cameron showed how little the Coalition understood the impact poor state school standards had on universities and accused them of "making ignorant accusations of ethnic and social bias".
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Diversity – education
Cameron brands 'all-white' Oxford a disgrace
Andrew Porter, Graeme Paton and James Kirkup
Daily Telegraph, 12 April 2011

David Cameron branded Oxford University "disgraceful" yesterday after claiming that the institution admitted only one black student in the last academic year.

On a visit to the north of England, the Prime Minister singled out Oxford for criticism when he accused elite institutions of having a "terrible record" of enrolling teenagers from state schools.

Senior officials at the university described the figure as "highly misleading" as it related only to British students who described themselves as black Caribbean. They said Oxford admitted another 27 students who described themselves as black African and another 14 who were mixed race.

The university also said that only 452 black students across the country had even achieved the A-level results demanded by Oxford to meet its minimum entry requirements for the 2009-10 academic year.

Leading academics and MPs said Mr Cameron risked undermining the ancient institution with his "ignorant", "absurd" and "mind boggling" comments. ...

A Downing Street spokesman said the Prime Minister was trying to make a "wider point" that it was "not acceptable for universities such as Oxford to have so few students coming from black and minority ethnic groups".

Some 16,591 students at Oxford disclosed their ethnicity as they started the 2009-10 academic year. Of those, 12,671 were white, 1,477 were Asian, 1,098 were Chinese, 838 were of mixed race and 254 of other ethnicity. Black students accounted for only 253 undergraduates and postgraduates.

It meant that almost a quarter of students were from ethnic minority backgrounds but just 1.5 per cent were black. According to the 2001 census, two per cent of the country was black.
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Diversity – police, civil service
Middle-class youngsters barred from applying for internships at Whitehall and in the police... because they are white
Paul Bentley
Mail Online, 27 March 2011

White middle-class students have been banned from applying for internships with Britain's biggest police force and in Whitehall.

The temporary jobs, which offer thousands of pounds for work in the summer, are billed as the internships 'that could change your life'.

They provide students with invaluable work experience at a time of soaring graduate unemployment.

But critics yesterday told of their anger at the decision by the Civil Service and the Metropolitan Police to exclude all but certain ethnic minorities from applying.

They say the schemes cause resentment among staff and are discriminating against white people 'via the back door'.

The Metropolitan Police, which employs more than 50,000 people, publicly offers only one work experience programme. The 12-week Diversity Internship will pay six interns more than £3,000 to work in a range of departments. While there is no guarantee of a post at the end, it gives students a head start in the battle for police jobs.

But the application form says only students from specific ethnic groups – including black African, black Asian or Chinese – can apply. Applicants are also quizzed about religious beliefs and sexuality.

The force offers a few other work experience places to students from specific colleges.

The Civil Service also has only one central internship programme – marketed as 'two months that could change your life' – and also specifically for students from ethnic minorities.

The only white candidates eligible to apply for the Fast Stream Summer Diversity Internship are those whose families are from 'under-represented socio-economic backgrounds'.

Others can get occasional work experience through individual departments.

The scheme, paying about £3,000, is a clear route to the prestigious Civil Service Fast Stream graduate programme.

MPs, campaigners and police are furious that prominent public bodies are discriminating against white, middle-class students by denying them the chance to apply. ...

One Met inspector said: 'At a time when people in the Met are being offered voluntary redundancy, the Met funds such schemes. Such incentives can only fan the flames of racial division.'
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Diversity – radio
BBC standards 'will drop' to get ethnic minorities on air
Caroline Gammell
Daily Telegraph, 14 February 2011

The BBC has been accused of lowering its standards to enable more people from ethnic minority backgrounds to be put on air.

The complaint came from Samir Shah, an Indian-born former head of current affairs and former member of the BBC's executive board, who left the corporation at the beginning of the year. "The problem is that, without realising it consciously, or not, they lower the barrier," he said.

"It is done with the best of intentions – but for someone like me, from an ethnic minority, my heart sinks. It is just embarrassing."

Mr Shah's comments came in the wake of a BBC Trust report which said too many of Radio 4's listeners were white, middle class and elderly. ...

"If I want to listen to stuff from my people there's a load of stuff – any number of Asian channels," he said. "I want Radio 4 to stay as it is."
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Diversity – radio
Why I regret not putting black presenter on Today
Jonathan Wynne-Jones
Sunday Telegraph, 13 February 2011
[In a letter (Sunday Telegraph, 27.2.11) Mark Damazer said that the headline does not correctly reflect his views]

Radio 4 programmes such as Today and The Archers should have more voices from black and ethnic minority backgrounds, according to the station's former controller.

Mark Damazer urged BBC executives to make the station more representative of Britain's population and expressed regret at not achieving a greater level of diversity. ...

Last week the BBC Trust urged the station to do more to appeal to ethnic minorities, as well as younger listeners and those in the North. ...

Mr Damazer, however, said he agreed with accusations that Radio 4 was "overly white", although he stressed that employing more black and Asian presenters and actors would not guarantee an increase in listeners among those communities. He said it should not be done as a gesture of "tokenism", but to recognise talent that has been overlooked for too long.

"I have long felt we need more black and Asian voices on the network so it is more representative of the UK today," he said.
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Diversity – radio
Middle-class, white Radio 4 told to appeal to minorities
Neil Midgley
Daily Telegraph, 9 February 2011

Radio 4 is to host special events for ethnic minorities after a report warned that its appeal was still too focused on white, middle-class people in the south-east of England.

The BBC Trust, the corporation's governing body, said the station needed to promote itself "among minority ethnic opinion formers" and develop "more diverse presenter talent".

More black and Asian characters are likely to feature in the Afternoon Play and the Woman's Hour Drama, after the Trust recommended raising "the number of minority ethnic drama writers".
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Diversity – discrimination
Millions are 'wasted' on equality audits
Heidi Blake
Daily Telegraph, 24 January 2011

Tens of millions of pounds of public money is being spent on initiatives forcing organisations to prove that they do not discriminate against minority groups under new equality legislation.

The Government has been accused of wasting public money on "politically correct drivel" after admitting that the cost of implementing the new Equality Act will reach £100 million in the next year.

Whitehall departments have launched a string of reports and initiatives in an effort to comply with the Act, which came into force three months ago.

... From April, 27,000 state bodies with more than 150 staff will have to publish annual updates on the diversity of their staff. ...

The Act was masterminded by Harriet Harman, the Deputy Labour Leader and former women's minister, who fought for its introduction before the party left office.

Theresa May, the Tory Home Secretary and women's minister, has also given the legislation her backing, despite criticism.
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Diversity – egalitarianism, political correctness
The Equality Duty has no worthwhile purpose
Daily Telegraph, 17 January 2011
[Leading article]

The Coalition acted with admirable decisiveness to strike out one of the most contentious aspects of Harriet Harman's Equality Act – the clause that placed a duty on all public bodies at all times to take account of "the inequalities of outcome which result from socioeconomic disadvantage".

...

Regrettably, the Government has not been so robust when it comes to another key requirement in the legislation, that the entire public sector workforce, across 27,000 separate bodies, be monitored in terms of gender, ethnicity, religion, sexuality and disability; and at the same time, that the ban on positive discrimination be lifted. From this summer, public bodies will have to fulfil an Equality Duty by publishing annual updates on how diverse their workforces are. ... In addition, larger public bodies will have to make at least 25 "equality assessments" of all new policies.

When Theresa May, the Home Secretary, announced the decision not to implement the "inequalities of outcome" requirement, she argued that under Miss Harman's unloved legislation, equality has become not a noble goal but "a dirty word... associated with the worst forms of pointless political correctness and social engineering". Mrs may was absolutely right – but those words apply equally strongly to the Equality Duty and associated assessments. We report today that implementing this enormous box-ticking exercise will cost £30 million a year, at a time when public sector bodies are being forced by the spending cuts to shed employees.

But it is not merely on economic grounds that this measure makes no sense. It also appears to have absolutely no worthwhile purpose, other than to pay obeisance at the altar of political correctness. Miss Harman and the last Government were able to offer no coherent justification and the Coalition has not even tried.
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EGALITARIANISM

Egalitarianism – diversity promotion, cost
'Mindless' equality monitoring costing employers £1bn a year – report
John Bingham
Daily Telegraph, 28 November 2011

Employers are being forced to spend up to £1 billion a year complying with "flawed and clumsy" equality laws, a new report claims.

A study by Civitas, the think tank, estimated that small businesses alone are losing £210 million a year on unnecessary bureaucracy related to equal rights for workers.

The report, authored by Prof Peter Saunders, a sociologist, argues that spending on "mindless" data gathering could be harming rather than helping efforts to make the workforce more diverse.

It estimates that private sector employers are wasting up to £400 million a year on monitoring exercises required to meet equalities legislation with an even larger bill for the public sector.

Industries already under pressure because of the economic situation are among the worst hit, with construction, for example, spending £25 million a year, the report estimates.

It cites the example of one Government department with 2,570 employees at its main Whitehall offices which spends £231,000 a year operating a five-strong "diversity team".

It argues: "Originally established to underpin equality before the law, equality legislation today is perversely undermining that very principle of fair treatment.

"This is in pursuit of a false utopia of absolute equality for all. But this pursuit will remain completely unrealistic while free people are able to take different decisions, have different aims in life and, inevitably, experience different outcomes."

The report takes issue with statistics suggesting that discrimination is costing the country billions in lost productivity arguing that differences in the make-up of the workforce are too often assumed to be the result of discrimination rather than other factors.

Prof Saunders, an emeritus professor at Sussex University, wrote: "The only way to generate the 'savings' of £15 to £23 billion that the [Government's] Equalities Strategy refers to would be to force millions of women to do science rather than arts degrees, to take private sector rather than public sector jobs, to work as software engineers and architects, rather than as teachers and vets, and to put their children in nurseries and crèches even if they prefer to spend time with them at home."
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Egalitarianism – politics
Theresa May: an obstacle on the road to reform
Stephen Pollard
Daily Telegraph, 17 August 2011
[Stephen Pollard is editor of 'The Jewish Chronicle']

It is a golden rule of politics that the received wisdom is usually wrong.

...

The received wisdom now is that, even though David Cameron has promised sweeping changes to fix Britain's "sick society", he is being held back by the Lib Dems, who are uneasy about his tough tone and support for tough justice. Yet this, too, is nonsense. Yes, there is a roadblock to reform – but it is manned not by the men in yellow, but by Cameron's own Home Secretary. ...

But it is not just as Home Secretary that Mrs May is acting as a block on reform. As Minister for Women and Equalities, she is responsible for the preposterous Equality and Human Rights Commission. Set up in 2006 at a cost of £70 million, it represents everything that a reforming government should want to remove.

Ignore, for the moment, its actual work. From day one, its accounting practices have been lax in the extreme. Three senior employees were made redundant at a cost of more than £500,000, then re-hired as consultants, a decision condemned by the National Audit Office. Another £870,000 was squandered on a website that didn't work. And the commissioners, most of whom are standard Left-wing quangocrats, are paid £500 a day. No wonder the NAO refused to sign off last year's accounts.

The commission's raison d'etre is to justify its own existence, by producing reports alleging prejudice, racism and inequality in all walks of life. Without such findings, it would have no purpose.

There could be no more obvious example of a deeply politicised quango that a Conservative government would want to abolish. Mrs May, however, thought otherwise. She has been so captured by the bureaucracy that she has refused to countenance abolition. ...

This is of a piece with her defence of Harriet Harman's Equality Act, a measure introduced last year almost solely to lay political landmines for the next government, by opening up decisions to judicial review on the grounds of their supposedly deleterious impact on equality. So costly and crippling was this Act that it should have been at the top of any list of legislation to be repealed.

Mrs May did make one change, removing the duty on the public sector to reduce socio-economic inequality. But she has championed the rest, including a public sector duty to promote equality (spot the contradiction with the repealed section) and the introduction of positive discrimination. All of this will be pushed forward by the EHRC, further (and spuriously) justifying its existence.
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Egalitarianism – education, USA
Time to Ax Public Programs That Don't Yield Results
Joe Klein
Time, 7 July 2011

... Conservatives, like liberals, routinely take advantage of a structural flaw in the modern welfare state: there is no creative destruction when it comes to government programs. Both "liberal" and "conservative" subsidies linger in perpetuity, sometimes metastasizing into embarrassing giveaways. Even the best-intentioned programs are allowed to languish in waste and incompetence. Take, for example, the famed early-education program called Head Start.

The idea is, as Newt Gingrich might say, simple liberal social engineering. You take the million or so poorest 3- and 4-year-old children and give them a leg up on socialization and education by providing preschool for them; if it works, it saves money in the long run by producing fewer criminals and welfare recipients – and more productive citizens. Indeed, Head Start did work well in several pilot programs carefully run by professionals in the 1960s. And so it was "taken to scale," as the wonks say, as part of Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty.

It is now 45 years later. We spend more than $7 billion providing Head Start to nearly 1 million children each year. And finally there is indisputable evidence about the program's effectiveness, provided by the Department of Health and Human Services: Head Start simply does not work.

According to the Head Start Impact Study, which was quite comprehensive, the positive effects of the program were minimal and vanished by the end of first grade. Head Start graduates performed about the same as students of similar income and social status who were not part of the program. These results were so shocking that the HHS team sat on them for several years, according to Russ Whitehurst of the Brookings Institution, who said, "I guess they were trying to rerun the data to see if they could come up with anything positive. They couldn't."

The Head Start situation is a classic among government-run social programs. Why do so many succeed as pilots and fail when taken to scale? In this case, the answer is not particularly difficult to unravel. It begins with a question: Why is Head Start an HHS program and not run by the Department of Education? The answer: Because it is a last vestige of Johnson's War on Poverty, which was run out of the old Department of Health, Education and Welfare. The War on Poverty attempted to rebuild poor communities from the bottom up, using local agencies called community action programs. These outfits soon proved slovenly; often they were little more than patronage troughs for local Democratic Party honchos – and, remarkably, to this day, they remain the primary dispensers of Head Start funds. As such, they are far more adept at dispensing make-work jobs than mastering the subtle nuances of early education.
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Egalitarianism – discrimination
A slap on the bottom, and a kick in the teeth for the economy
Boris Johnson
Daily Telegraph, 7 February 2011

The hearing continues, while across the country thousands of similar hearings drag their weary length before the matchstick-eyelid tribunals of Britain. Millions of man-hours are wasted, as business people are obliged to give evidence rather than getting on with their jobs. Huge fees are racked up by lawyers and "expert witnesses", who are called on to pronounce on the exact meaning of an insult, ... ...

Why did all three parties sign up to Hattie Harman's "Equalities Act", which is already threatening to be a new engine for vexatious litigation of all kinds? Because no-one wants to seem opposed to "equality".

... For centuries people have fought to protect workers from discrimination and unfair dismissal, and it is of course vital that we should have these safeguards.

The trouble is that it is now becoming standard practice to follow any dismissal or redundancy with a discrimination claim, in the knowledge that the employer – often an emanation of the state – will find it easier and cheaper to cough up rather than argue.
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EMIGRATION

Emigration – refugees
Libya may be using migrants as weapon against EU: U.N.
John Irish
Reuters, 11 May 2011

The Libyan government may be forcibly expelling migrants in an attempt to flood Europe, the United Nations refugee chief said on Wednesday.

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has previously warned European leaders backing the revolt against his 41-year rule that he would unleash a wave of migrants against Europe to retaliate against military strikes on his country.

The arrival of large numbers of migrants fleeing Libya has already caused strains among European Union nations, with Italy, where most have arrived, saying it should not have to bear the whole burden.

"There are elements to make us think that at least some of the actors involved in what's happening today in western parts of Libya may be attempting to use this weapon of forcing people to move into Europe," Antonio Guterres, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, told a conference in Paris.

The war has caused misery for tens of thousands forced to flee overland or by boat, with hundreds of immigrants from north Africa feared to have died attempting to reach Italian shores.

The International Organization for Migration has said more than 10,000 had arrived on Italian islands since unrest erupted in northern Africa earlier this year, including roughly 2,000 last weekend alone.

Migrants said they had been forced onto boats by Libyan soldiers who fired warning shots. Others said that although they had not officially had to pay for their crossing, they had been stripped of their possessions and savings.
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Emigration – adoption, child trafficking
Haiti children sold to Europe for 76p
Caroline Gammell
Daily Telegraph, 21 February 2011

Children in Haiti are being sold for as little as 76p by traffickers taking advantage of chaos following last year's earthquake, United Nations figures show.

Some youngsters are ending up in the care of European families unaware of their background, while others are being forced into prostitution. ...

More than a million people were displaced by last January's devastating quake and 76 per cent of the population lives on less than £1.50 a day.

Parents desperate for money are tricked into believing their children will lead better lives elsewhere. ...

A Unicef spokesman said: "Well-meaning parents in the US and Europe have no idea that children are being kidnapped, stolen and bought from the displacement camps of Port au Prince." ...

Before the earthquake, an estimated 2,000 children were kidnapped or trafficked every year.
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EMPLOYMENT

Employment – doctors, health services
Patient safety at risk as EU rules say foreign doctors can register in the UK without learning English
Charles Walford
Daily Mail, 21 December 2011

Patients are still at risk despite new EU proposals on hospitals taking on staff without an adequate grasp of English, the medical regulator has warned.

Under the proposals overseas doctors will be able to register in the UK without being tested on their language skills or medical competence.

This is because the EU directive says language testing can only take place after a doctor has had their qualifications accepted by the regulator.

And even then language testing should only then take place if there are specific concerns about an individual doctor, the rules say.

The General Medical Council said today patient safety was still at risk and called for clarification of the detail in the directive.

Parts of the directive suggest regulators should only intervene and language test doctors when there are 'serious and concrete doubt about the professional's sufficient language knowledge'. ...

Under current rules the GMC also cannot test clinical competency of doctors coming from the EU, even though it would like to do so. ...

There are thought to be thousands of European doctors and nurses working in hospitals and surgeries who have never been given language checks.

Figures show that there are some 21,000 doctors on the GMC register who gained their qualifications in EU countries.

Although the Government has urged hospitals and primary care trusts to carry out their own checks on staff before employing them in the absence of a national test, many do not.
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Employment – youth unemployment
Foreign workers take yet more UK jobs as number of Britons in work plunges and youth unemployment hits one million
Becky Barrow
Daily Mail, 17 November 2011

Around 500 foreigners landed a job in Britain every day over the past year while the number of UK-born workers plunged.

Official figures yesterday painted a shockingly bleak picture of a jobs market in crisis as unemployment hit a 17-year high.

The Office for National Statistics said the number of British-born workers has crashed by 311,000 in a year, equal to more than 850 a day. But in the same period, the number of foreign-born employees jumped by 181,000 – or 495 a day.

Ministers admitted the situation was 'unacceptable', although bosses warned that many young British workers were too lazy and too bad at basics such as punctuality to be worth hiring. But experts said the latest figures highlight the urgency of tackling the immigration problem. ...

It comes as unemployment among those aged 16 to 24 has ballooned to its highest level on record, topping one million for the first time.

Overall unemployment is currently 2.62 million, its highest since 1994. The number of employees has dropped by 305,000 between July and September, the largest fall since 1992. ...

Sir Andrew Green, of the Migrationwatch think-tank, described the figures as 'stunning'.

He said: 'The immigration lobby can no longer pretend that these massive levels of immigration have no significant effect on the job prospects for British workers who are now unemployed.' ...

Dr Adam Marshall, director of policy at the British Chambers of Commerce, said the fault does not lie with the young person, but their education.
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Employment
Job farce
Emily Hall
Daily Star, 7 November 2011

Thousands of well-paid Brit jobs are being offered to Romanians as millions of homegrown workers languish on the dole.

A new report found 4,000 positions were up for grabs through employment agencies in the eastern European country.

It makes a mockery of repeated Government pledges to provide jobs to unemployed Brits first.

Figures revealed 178,000 people have dropped out of work in the UK in the past three months, which is the biggest quarterly fall for two years.

But Brit jobs make up nearly a quarter of all positions advertised on Romania's recruitment website tjobs.ro.

Posts include £2,000-a-month cab drivers and nurses, and doctors who can earn £1,000 a week.

In the past month alone, 16,270 Romanians have applied for jobs in the UK with the agency despite the fact that unskilled Romanians are not legally entitled to work here.
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Employment
Number of migrant workers settling in UK 'could be cut'
BBC, 4 November 2011

The number of workers settling in the UK would be cut by two-thirds if there were a minimum salary threshold of £35,000, government advisers say.

The Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) said migrants and dependents allowed to stay would drop from 60,000 to 20,000.

An earnings test was the best way to decide if workers should be allowed to stay after five years, it said.

The numbers from outside the EU who settle would still halve without this move, the committee added.

This was because of other changes already being made by ministers, such a tightened English language requirement, an annual cap on migrant workers from outside the EU and plans to restrict students. ...

Professor David Metcalf, head of the MAC, acknowledged that the government had already made changes affecting migrant workers but said it was "absolutely legitimate" to go further to get settlement "under control". ...

Under the proposals a pay threshold would be set somewhere between £31,000 and £49,000.

A worker would have to prove they were earning the relevant amount of money to be able to apply for settlement after working for five years in the UK.
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Employment – guest workers
Home Office ban 'replaces economic migrants with guest workers'
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 31 October 2011
[The full report (PDF)]

Home office proposals to ban nearly all economic migrants from outside Europe settling in Britain will create a "guest worker" labour force that is likely to damage the UK economy, a thinktank warned on Monday.

The Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) estimates that the policy of breaking the link between temporary migration and permanent settlement for all but the very wealthy from outside Europe, will reduce the number settling each year from 40,000 to about 1,000.

The immigration minister, Damian Green, said in June that skilled workers from outside the EU coming to Britain to fill skill shortages should expect to leave after five years. Temporary workers should also be restricted to 12-month stays to "reinforce the temporary nature of the route". Only those earning more than £150,000 a year and elite sportspeople will retain an automatic route to settlement.

Green said the government, which is pledged to reduce net migration from 239,000 a year to below 100,000 by the next election, needed "to be more selective about who we allow to stay".

But Matt Cavanagh, IPPR associate director, said turning economic migrants into guest workers, as the government was proposing, makes no sense in economic terms, will cause big problems for employers and will be unfair on individual migrants.

"The experience of other countries like Germany who have tried a similar policy in the past also suggests it will be unworkable," Cavanagh said. "There is nothing wrong with trying to shift the balance towards temporary migration, but this is the wrong way to go about it. Ministers should learn from previous experience and look at alternative approaches, like financial incentives and tailored support for returning migrants, as outlined in our report," he said.

He added that trying to keep settlement to an absolute minimum made sense to those who only cared about reducing net migration. "For anyone who cares about Britain's ability to continue to attract the brightest and the best, about the impact on the economy as we try to grow our way out of recession and about the effects on integration within our society, these proposals raise real concerns." ...

Cavanagh compared the Home Office plans with Germany's gastarbeiter (guest workers) policy, which was introduced 50 years ago and focused on Turkish migrants. "They were controversial from the point of view of fairness and integration and community cohesion, and they were ineffective in their stated aim, with large numbers of supposedly temporary migrants staying permanently," he said.

He added: "In Germany, the gastarbeiter policy led to the popular slogan 'there is nothing more permanent than temporary workers', as millions of Turkish guest workers and their relatives ended up settling."
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Employment – NHS, doctors
Doctors from overseas must speak English or be banned
Robert Winnett and Andrew Porter
Daily Telegraph, 4 October 2011

Foreign doctors who cannot speak English are to be banned from working in NHS hospital and clinics, the Health Secretary will announce today.

The NHS will introduce mandatory language tests for doctors moving to Britain after training elsewhere in the European Union.

The decision follows a series of cases in which patients have died or suffered poor care as a result of doctors speaking sub-standard English.

... ...

There are more than 88,000 foreign-trained doctors registered to work in Britain, including 22,758 from Europe. They account for almost a third of the total.

... At present, only doctors from outside the European Economic Area are routinely scrutinised for their language skills before being registered by the GMC.

This means that doctors from Canada or Australia are routinely tested for their language skills while those from countries such as Poland and France are not.
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Employment
Eastern Europeans still came to Britain for work despite recession
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 23 September 2011

Twice as many Eastern Europeans came to Britain than left during the economic crisis, dispelling the myth that the recession drove them home.

Almost a third of a million workers from Poland, Lithuania and other former Eastern Bloc nations arrived in the UK between 2008 and last year, while just 145,000 left.

It means there was still a large net flow of migrant workers coming in to the country at a time when unemployment among Britons was increasing.

And the main reason was they were more willing to do "dirty, difficult and dangerous" jobs for lower wages, according to a study for the Office for National Statistics.

Immigration observers last night said the research confirmed fears that migrant workers have undercut wages and forced Britons on to the dole.

The figures are also a headache for the Government because, as EU citizens and free to come and go, the Eastern Europeans will not be affected by measures to cut immigration levels.

Overall, between 2004 and March 2010, more than 1.4 million Eastern Europeans came to work in the UK, making up 40 per cent of all foreign workers over that period.

The ONS study examined what effect the recession had on migrants from the so-called A8 countries, the eight nations who joined the EU in 2004, including Poland, Lithuania, Slovenia and Slovakia.

It concluded that while numbers fell it was "still striking however that so many migrants were still arriving".

It found that between January 2008 and June 2010, a total of 316,720 workers from Eastern Europe came to the UK.

That was the period when the country was in economic downturn and includes the one and half years of a formal recession.

Over the same period less than 145,000 left. ...

Employers told the researchers that the Eastern Europeans were willing to do the jobs for lower wages than local workers.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of Migration Watch UK, said: "This is further evidence that Eastern European workers have been under cutting the wages to which British workers are willing to do this kind of work.

"This is a bonanza for employers but not for the taxpayer who has to provide benefits for those who are unemployed as a result."
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Employment – health services
Hospitals cut jobs but still hire abroad
Laura Donnelly
Sunday Telegraph, 11 September 2011

Hospital bosses have spent thousands of pounds on trips to recruit foreign doctors and nurses, while laying off their own staff.

Visits to destinations including India and Dubai took place as the NHS drew up plans to cut 20,000 jobs for front line health workers.

... at least 11 NHS trusts and one health authority sent teams abroad to recruit doctors and nurses, despite such posts being earmarked for cuts.

The trips were organised despite pledges by David Cameron to cap immigration and protect British jobs, and concerns raised last week by Lord Winston, one of Britain's most senior doctors, that some nurses from Eastern Europe put patients in danger because of poor standards of English. The head of the Royal College of Nursing also condemned the visits as "incomprehensible and unacceptable".

Dartford and Gravesham Trust in Kent sent a team to Romania in November and hired 20 nurses, even though Barts and the London NHS Trust, less than 20 miles away, was drawing up plans to cut 635 posts including more than 250 jobs for nurses. ...

More than 10,000 doctors and nurses who trained overseas registered to work in Britain in the first 12 months of the Coalition. There was a 53 per cent rise in foreign nurses who registered with British regulators, from 2,804 to 4,303, while the number of foreign doctors increased by eight per cent from 5,359 to 5,811. The number of nurses from outside the European Union, where an immigration cap applies, went from 635 to 1,307.

Dr Peter Carter, the Royal College's general secretary said it was "absolutely crazy" that hospital trusts had gone abroad to recruit.

"It is incomprehensible and unacceptable to have these sorts of recruitment trawls abroad when so many staff are being laid off, and so many newly qualified nurses can't find work," he said. ...

Katherine Murphy, chief executive of the Patients Association, said: "We hear from patients that there are real issues with nurses from other countries including problems communicating with patients and a lack of understanding of processes and procedures."
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Employment – European Union
The secret immigration policy they tried to hide [part 1]
Linda Kaucher
politics.co.uk, 1 September 2011

Behind closed doors, EU negotiations will trigger a new wave of cheap labour into Britain.

While political reporters for the most part ignore the EU, British domestic policy is actually formulated to fit not just with internal EU directives, but, importantly, with the EU's external international trade agenda.

This broader policy affects people's lives here, particularly their employment and that of their children and grandchildren in the future. Yet information on this broader picture, the parts of EU trade policy that will affect people most, is kept from them.

A very relevant and major feature of EU trade policy is the concession that allows transnational corporations to bring workers into the EU. In tradespeak this is called 'Mode 4'.

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) defines four modes for cross-border trade in services: via internet (Mode 1); where the customer crosses borders e.g. tourism and the international student market (Mode 2); where a company establishes in another country (Mode 3); and by moving workers across borders (Mode 4).

Moving workers from a lower to a higher socio-economic country is a very profitable business for the transnational corporations that are in a position to benefit, on a par with moving production and service work to cheaper labour areas of the world.

With the WTO Doha deal apparently abandoned, the EU has been negotiating a set of bilateral and regional trade deals with much of the world. These deals are more secretive than WTO negotiations, with the contents of negotiations kept private until those negotiations are completed.

But investigative work has revealed the urgency of the situation.

The EU is including Mode 4 concessions in all of the deals it is currently negotiating. In fact Mode 4 is the carrot, to obtain, in exchange, investment opportunity access into trading partner countries for transnational financial services corporations, which are for the most part based in London.

Actually these corporations benefit from both sides of the deals. They get the investment opportunities but also cheap labour brought in, and, as this 'reserve army of labour' undermines the power of organised labour, strengthening the power of capital in its balance of power with labour.

Although these are EU deals, the UK is the main and willing target for the Mode 4 concessions. Thus it is UK workers who will pay the price.

A very important trade deal in this regard is the EU/India Free Trade Agreement (FTA) that has been under negotiation for four years. It has been discovered that Mode 4 concessions are the one thing that the Indian government is demanding. In addition, leaked documentation shows that the liberalised UK will be taking the bulk of the EU's Mode 4 commitment.

In fact Trade Commission staff have admitted that the EU/India FTA is, in effect , 85% a UK deal. That's the percentage of the gains which will accrue to the UK (well, the international financial firms based in London, anyway) while the UK (UK workers, this time) will get that percentage of the pain.
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Employment – European Union
The secret immigration policy they tried to hide [part 2]
Linda Kaucher
politics.co.uk, 1 September 2011

Financial services investment opportunities overseas will not produce jobs here. But workers will be displaced via Mode 4, especially in a time of cuts. Transnational firms will be able to offer cheap onshore outsourcing, using cheaper temporary migrant labour and will also be able to supply labour into other firms allowing them to offload all employer responsibilities.

Within the supposedly 'capped' UK points based system for labour migration, the government has ensured that the categories relevant to trade commitments have no numerical limits. There are no such limits on the 'intra-corporate transferees (ICTs) category in Tier 2 or on the 'international agreements' category in Tier 5. Neither is there any resident labour market test, which would stipulate that jobs have to be offered here first.

In fact both these restrictions are disallowed at the international trade level in respect of Mode 4. ...

As trade agreements, with Mode 4 included, are committed to hard international trade law, they become effectively permanent. This is why this handing of control of UK labour migration to transnational corporations will affect not only present but future generations. Any attempt by any future government to pull back on these commitments will potentially invoke corporate legal action to recover all anticipated profits that may be negatively affected by the government action.

International financial services corporations based in London are proactive in directing UK input to EU trade policy via their lobbying mechanism 'thecityuk' and in Brussels through the European Services Forum, the mechanism that influences EU institutions directly. ...

The Labour party has not told the UK public about this EU/India agreement and the centrality of the Mode 4 concessions even though Peter Mandelson initiated all the current agreements. Neither has the Conservative/Liberal coalition, even when David Cameron and Vince Cable led a specific 'trade' delegation to India in 2010. Greens MP Caroline Lucas spent years as an MEP and a member of the European parliament's International Trade Committee (INTA) but has declined to warn UK workers what they are being signed up to, and similarly Ukip, which has two members on the INTA but actually supports the concept of temporary labour from outside the EU being brought in by transnational corporations.

The House of Commons select committee tasked with overseeing the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills has failed to bring the Department's role in moving workers into the country into focus and has accepted the silence of the secretary of state, Cable, on this.

Who will tell the UK public about these irreversible commitments on their behalf?

There is a small light at the end of the tunnel. The Railways, Maritime and Transport (RMT) union is going to argue to the TUC's September Congress that it should campaign to alert the UK public to the implications of the EU/India trade deal and of Mode 4. Yet, as the TUC has so far been part of the cover-up, it remains to be seen first if this motion is passed, and then what the TUC does with it.
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Employment – Texas, USA
Who Benefited from Job Growth In Texas? A Look at Employment Gains for Immigrants and the Native-Born, 2007 to 2011
Steven A. Camarota and Ashley Monique Webster
Center for Immigration Studies, September 2011

Governor Rick Perry (R-Texas) has pointed to job growth in Texas during the current economic downturn as one of his main accomplishments. But analysis of Current Population Survey (CPS) data collected by the Census Bureau show that immigrants (legal and illegal) have been the primary beneficiaries of this growth since 2007, not native-born workers. This is true even though the native-born accounted for the vast majority of growth in the working-age population (age 16 to 65) in Texas. Thus, they should have received the lion's share of the increase in employment. As a result, the share of working-age natives in Texas holding a job has declined in a manner very similar to the nation a whole.

Among the findings:

Of jobs created in Texas since 2007, 81 percent were taken by newly arrived immigrant workers (legal and illegal).

In terms of numbers, between the second quarter of 2007, right before the recession began, and the second quarter of 2011, total employment in Texas increased by 279,000. Of this, 225,000 jobs went to immigrants (legal and illegal) who arrived in the United States in 2007 or later.

Of newly arrived immigrants who took a job in Texas, 93 percent were not U.S. citizens. Thus government data show that more than three-fourths of net job growth in Texas were taken by newly arrived non-citizens (legal and illegal). ...

Of newly arrived immigrants who took jobs in Texas since 2007, we estimate that 50 percent (113,000) were illegal immigrants. Thus, about 40 percent of all the job growth in Texas since 2007 went to newly arrived illegal immigrants and 40 percent went to newly arrived legal immigrants.

Immigrants took jobs across the educational distribution.
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Employment
Migrant jobs boom: We're in last chance saloon, claims Iain Duncan Smith
Becky Barrow and Tim Shipman
Daily Mail, 18 August 2011

British jobs are now being taken by immigrants at a faster rate than under Labour, figures showed yesterday.

The number of British people of working age with jobs has plummeted by nearly 100,000 since David Cameron took office – but nearly 300,000 foreigners have found work. ...

The number of immigrant workers has reached a record 4.1 million, the figures from the Office for National Statistics show. ...

But the latest figures suggest that not only have immigrants taken all the jobs created in Britain over the past year, but they have pushed nearly 100,000 British people out of the workplace and on to benefits.

The only British-born people being successful in the jobs market are around 50,000 pensioners who have gone back to work because times are tight. When the over-65s are included in the figures, the number of British people with jobs has fallen by 50,000 over the past 12 months. ...

Between June 2010 and June 2011, the number of British-born workers aged between 16 and 64 slumped by 99,000.

But the number of those of working age with jobs who were born abroad soared by 278,000.

Yesterday Sir Andrew Green, chairman of the think-tank MigrationWatch, said: 'It is no longer possible to deny that immigration is affecting the prospects of British workers. The academic economists have been in denial for far too long.'
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Employment
Three out of four new jobs go to foreign workers
Raf Sanchez
Daily Telegraph, 14 July 2011

More than three quarters of new workers in Britain in the last year were born overseas, official figures show.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) said 334,000 foreign-born workers had taken up jobs in the past year, compared with 77,000 people born in Britain.

The employment rate for British nationals in the three months to March was around 71 per cent, the figures show, a rise of only 0.3 per cent compared with the same period last year.

Growth in employment for foreign workers was 2.2 per cent but the overall foreign employment rate was only 67.8 per cent. ...

Between 1997 and 2010, more than half of the rise in employment in the UK was accounted for by foreign nationals. ...

Sir Andrew Green, the chairman of MigrationWatch UK, said: "It is impossible to look at these figures which show a substantially greater increase in the foreign born workforce than in the British born workforce, without deducing that there has been a significant impact on the prospects for British workers.

"There is no point in being in denial about this.

"British employers surely have a responsibility to consider the wider implications of who they employ." ...

The ONS yesterday stressed that the figures for the number of non-UK born people includes individuals who were born outside the country, but also have British nationality.
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Employment – residence and work permits
Immigration Policy: single residence and work permit agreement first step towards common European policy on economic migration. Véronique Mathieu MEP
EPP Group in the European Parliament, 13 July 2011

"After long years of negotiations and deadlocks, the Directive establishing a single residence and work permit for third-country nationals will be implemented at last", Véronique Mathieu MEP, EP Rapporteur on the Single Permit, said on Wednesday, after the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee of the European Parliament decided to back the agreement reached on the dossier between the European Parliament and representatives of the Member States.

"This is the first Report on legal migration to be adopted by co-decision. It is the first step towards a common European policy on economic migration", Véronique Mathieu said.

"It will make it possible to more effectively fight illegal migration, which primarily benefits mafia networks, and to better respond to the labour needs Europe will face in the upcoming years."

"It also recognises that all persons working legally in Europe must benefit from the same rights as European workers. In doing so, it will add to the fight against unfair competition for European workers", Véronique Mathieu concluded.
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Employment – costs
(No title)
Jo Fowler
Daily Telegraph, 4 July 2011
[Letter to the Editor]

When anyone questions migrants taking jobs from Britons, employers say it is cost effective to employ them. Perhaps, but the true cost to the taxpayer, from increasing pressures on housing, hospitals, school places, and traffic, is never factored into the calculations; it is time it was.
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Employment
Duncan Smith urges firms to hire unemployed Britons
BBC, 1 July 2011

Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith has urged UK businesses to "give a chance" to unemployed young Britons, rather than relying on foreign workers.

In a speech in Spain he said a "realistic promise" of work formed part of the government's "contract" with the British people. ...

In a speech to the Spanish Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies in Madrid, Mr Duncan Smith said that more than half of newly filled jobs in the last year were taken by foreign nationals.

He warned that there is a "serious risk" that British people will not benefit as the economy recovers if firms "look elsewhere" for workers.

"If we do not get this right then we risk leaving more British citizens out of work, and the most vulnerable group who will be the most affected are young people," he said.

"But government cannot do it all. As we work hard to break welfare dependency and get young people ready for the labour market, we need businesses to give them a chance, and not just fall back on labour from abroad."

He said that while immigration played a "vital role" in helping bridge skills gaps, there were many foreign nationals in low-skilled or semi-skilled jobs that could easily be done by unemployed Britons.

"We have to ensure that our immigration system works in the interests of Britain, enabling us to make a realistic promise to our young school leavers," he said.

He said the immigration system must give unemployed people "a level playing field." ...

The unemployment rate among 16 to 24-year-olds fell by 79,000 to 895,000 in the three months to this April but youth unemployment rates still stand at above 19%.
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Employment
Third of foreign workers are not recorded in migration count
Daily Telegraph, 24 June 2011

At least a third of foreign workers in England and Wales are not included in figures tracking annual net migration, a report has suggested.

According to the research by the Office for National Statistics, migrants who stay for less than a year are not counted in official estimates, but were "a significant part of the migrant workforce" between 2004 and 2009.

The report found that 97,000 short-term migrant workers came to England and Wales in the year to mid-2009, but were not included in the official tally of those staying for more than a year, which was 168,000. ...

The figures, from the International Passenger Survey, show that "employment-related short-term migration makes up a significant proportion of the migrant workforce in England and Wales", the ONS report said.
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Employment
Migrants take 9 out of 10 jobs, says Field
Robert Winnett
Daily Telegraph, 20 June 2011

In the first year of the Coalition, 87 per cent of the 400,000 newly created jobs have gone to immigrants – as Britons fail to chase work, according to new official figures uncovered by the Labour MP. Under previous Labour administrations the figure was about 80 per cent. ...

Conservative ministers were also previously highly critical of the last government's failure to secure new jobs for British workers and the latest figures are likely to embarrass David Cameron. Companies are thought to be turning to foreign workers to fill vacancies because of a dearth of adequately qualified or motivated Britons.
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Employment – USA
With immigration reform, the consumer matters
Armstrong Williams
The Washington Times, 5 June 2011

The recent Supreme Court ruling in Chamber of Commerce vs. Whiting highlights a fundamental and before now underappreciated factor in the immigration debate: Immigrants come here illegally because they know that U.S. companies will hire them.

While most of the immigration laws have focused on the illegal immigrants themselves, very few of them have focused on the consumers of their labor: companies, and, by extension, the consumers they serve.

Americans have become addicted to immigrant labor to fill jobs that Americans won't do (at the wages and under the working conditions immigrants are subjected to), while complaining about the side effects – overburdened social services, crime and cultural dilution in the border states. But it's not hard to spot the illegal immigrants in any given neighborhood. In fact, it's quite simple. They are the only people tending your lawn, baby-sitting your children and running your restaurants on the cheap.

But up until now the focus has been on curbing the supply. The approaches have ranged from the pure silly – like trying to erect a wall along the Mexican border – to the downright diabolical – private citizens forming vigilante groups and terrorizing hapless brown people who may or may not be illegal immigrants. The recent Arizona law, which revokes the business licenses of employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants is the first real measure focused on the demand side.

Illegal immigrant labor is a performance enhancing drug with wide side effects. By hiring illegals, companies get an edge over other firms that don't. They buy cheap labor from individuals who have no civil rights whatsoever: ...

Before now, we've had a tacit agreement between big business and big government to leave the immigration issue unresolved. After all, illegal labor has acted as a subsidy to businesses and consumers of the cheap labor. But that arrangement seems to be cracking, and that's a good thing. The American people want their borders defended and their rights protected by the government that they, the citizens, have elected. ...

The recent Supreme Court ruling was right for America - legally, factually and morally. But the Supreme Court's vocal minority, along with a strange bedfellows' coalition of big business and civil rights organizations would have you believe that a reasonable business regulation is an encroachment on the civil rights of legal immigrants.

Nothing could be further from the truth. The regulations are narrowly tailored in accordance with federal definitions of "illegal" status, and they accord appropriate due process for the offending corporations. No one can be rejected for a job because they "look" illegal. But businesses have the additional responsibility of verifying an applicant's immigration status. All of the normal civil rights protections for workers have been undisturbed by the ruling.

Illegal immigration, while it has some short term benefits, ultimately dilutes the rights and privileges of Americans who pay their taxes and play by the rules. It's not fair for employers to get the benefit of illegal labor at a cheap price, while the society as a whole has to bear the price of social services for people who do not vote or pay taxes in this country.
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Employment – wages
Immigration and the ruin of the British economy
Daily Express, 27 May 2011
[Leading article]

The new immigration figures tell the story of a nation that has been cutting its own economic throat.

In less than a decade the proportion of unskilled jobs filled by foreign workers has more than doubled. At the same time the number of Britons on long-term out-of-work benefits has remained stubbornly high.

Nobody should blame individual migrants who have travelled from afar to fill low-paid, menial jobs in Britain – clearly their work ethic and determination to better themselves is impressive.

But there is no getting away from the fact that their arrival in such large numbers has depressed wages.
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Employment – low-skilled jobs
Migrants hold fifth of low-skilled UK jobs says ONS
Dominic Casciani
BBC, 26 May 2011

The number of low-skilled workers born outside the UK more than doubled between 2002 and 2011, according to the Office for National Statistics.

The figures show that almost 20% of low-skilled jobs are held by workers born abroad, up from 9% in 2002.

Workers coming to the UK from eastern or central European countries were the biggest single factor in the rise. ...

According to the figures, there were 666,000 low-skilled foreign-born people working in the British economy during the first quarter of 2011 - more than double the 298,000 workers who were in the UK at the start of 2002.

Over the same period, there was very little change in the number of low-skilled jobs in the British economy. But the figures show the number of British workers in these posts fell from just over 3m to 2.56m.

Most of the additional 367,000 foreign-born workers in low-skilled jobs came from the "A8" countries which joined the European Union in 2004.

In 2002 there were approximately 4,000 workers from the A8 nations in low-skilled jobs in the British economy. As of this year, there were 235,000.
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Employment
Four times more jobs go to migrants as total of foreign-born workers hits 4m for the first time
Becky Barrow
Daily Mail, 19 May 2011

Four times more jobs have gone to migrants than British-born workers in the last year, official figures revealed yesterday.

A record four million jobs in Britain are now carried out by people born abroad.

Over the last year, an average of 915 immigrants a day obtained a job compared to 211 people born in the UK.

The figures showing that 334,000 jobs went to people born abroad and 77,000 to UK-born workers came from the Office for National Statistics, as experts warned that the labour market is 'faltering'. ...

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of the think-tank Migrationwatch, said: 'The immigration lobby surely cannot go on pretending that there is no significant effect on opportunities for British workers.'
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Employment – doctors
Foreign GPs language alert
Martin Beckford
Daily Telegraph, 30 March 2011

Foreign doctors whose English is so poor that they need interpreters are being allowed to operate on patients in Britain, the medical regulator has warned.

The General Medical Council said European rules represented a "serious cause of concern" and risk to patient safety by preventing it from testing GPs' language skills before they could start working in Britain. The regulator said it had some doctors on its books who "are not able to communicate in English".

It also warned that bogus foreign doctors could find their way into the NHS by presenting fake documents because of a lack of security checks, or could hide the fact that they had been suspended from practising in their homeland.

The GMC was making a submission to the European Commission, which was reviewing the laws that allow free movement of medical staff across the Continent. ... ...

The submission raised "serious concerns" about a code of conduct that prevented it from getting hold of copies of migrant doctors' diplomas and proof of their identity.
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Employment
Eight in ten new jobs have gone to foreign workers during past year
Becky Barrow
Daily Mail, 17 March 2011

More than 80 per cent of the jobs created last year were taken by people who were not born in this country, official figures revealed yesterday.

In 2010, employment rose by 210,000 compared with the previous year, but 173,000 jobs went to those born in countries from Poland to Pakistan.

Only 39,000 of the new jobs – less than one in five of the total – were taken by people born in Britain.
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Employment – visas
EU deal to give India UK visas
David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 20 February 2011

The European Union is negotiating a deal that will create a new immigration route into Britain for up to 20,000 Indians every year, ...

Britain will have to accept thousands of workers in exchange for potentially lucrative export deals, despite figures showing that the number of unemployed stands at 2.5 million. ...

Sources told The Sunday Telegraph that the Indians wanted Britain to give between 15,000 and 20,000 visas to its citizens every year, compared with 3,000 for France and 7,000 for Germany. ...

The Coalition's pledge to cap net immigration at "tens of thousands" has already been undermined after ministers announced that several types of visas would not count towards the target. The Indian deal would also be exempt.

In return for the visas, the trade deal put forward by the Indian government is expected to be worth at least £4 billion a year to the EU.

Britain is predicted to win about half of that trade, providing a significant boost to exports. ... ...

Nearly 30,000 Indian workers came to Britain last year, 19.000 of whom arrived through the intra-company transfer (ICT) scheme, which is also exempt from the Coalition's interim immigration cap. ...

Separate figures obtained by this newspaper show the total number of ICTs handed out last year by 19 per cent to more than 35,000.
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Employment
Loopholes let thousands of migrant workers fill British jobs
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 16 February 2011

Tens of thousands of migrant workers will still fill British jobs despite an annual cap because of a series of loopholes.

The limit, which comes into force in April, will not affect any migrant worker already in the country, even if they change jobs or visas. Companies will still be able to bring in overseas staff who earn less than a planned salary cap so long as they rotate them each year. ...

The effectiveness of the new restrictions was cast into doubt after the immigration watchdog warned that officials were failing to tackle migrant workers who may no longer have a right to stay. John Vine, the chief inspector of the UK Border Agency, said those who lost their jobs were not having their stay cut short, as is required.
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Employment
'Graduate list' to cut down migrant worker transfers
Louisa Peacock
Daily Telegraph, 16 February 2011

Employers will not be able to transfer migrant workers to the UK unless the job appears on the Government's new "graduate list", under immigration limits unveiled today.

The measure will deal a blow to international companies that were hoping to use the "intra-company transfer" (ICT) route to bring in overseas staff to UK offices and bypass the immigration cap.

From April 6, companies wishing to use the ICT route to fill domestic roles will have to check that the jobs qualify as "skilled" and are on a new graduate occupation list. ICT workers coming to the UK for more than a year will also need to earn at least £40,000.
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Employment – education, visa abuse
British students must get fairer crack at jobs, says minister
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 2 February 2011

British jobs must go to British students, the immigration minister promised yesterday as he warned that foreign graduates were forcing them on to the dole.

Damian Green attacked the "unfettered access" that tens of thousands of overseas students have to the jobs market every year. He promised to reform the "too generous" system. ...

Figures last week showed graduate unemployment at its highest for almost 17 years, with one in five seeking work two years after leaving university. ...

The Coalition has already proposed closing a scheme, called the Post Study Work Route, which allows foreign graduates to stay on in Britain for another two years to look for work.

Some 38,000 foreign students took advantage of the route in 2009, along with almost 8,000 dependants. ...

At the weekend, Mr Green warned that more than 90,000 students per year arrive at private colleges which do not have the Home Office status of Highly Trusted Sponsor, awarded to colleges which can show there have not been instances of student visa abuse and have systems in place to check for abuse.

In his speech yesterday, he said: "There is clearly very, very widespread abuse in the system."
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Employment
Immigration: £500m toll of migrant students' part-time work
Daily Express, 31 January 2011

Up to £500million a year of taxpayers' cash could be saved from the welfare benefits bill by restricting the numbers of foreign students taking temporary jobs, a report said last night.

The cash is handed out in unemployment benefits to welfare claimants squeezed out of the jobs market by migrants coming to the UK from outside the EU on student visas, says the think-tank MigrationWatch UK. ...

MigrationWatch UK chairman Sir Andrew Green said: "It is neither economically justifiable for the taxpayer nor fair to British workers who have to compete for scarce jobs with people who have cheated the system to come here."
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Employment
Foreigners take two out of three new jobs as statistics reveal nearly 200,000 vacancies were filled by those born overseas
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 19 January 2011

Just a third of all jobs created last year went to British-born workers, official figures indicate.

They show that only 100,000 of the 297,000 workers who began new posts between July and September 2010 were native Britons.

Of the rest, 90,000 were born in Poland and other Eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004, and the remainder were born elsewhere in the world.

The summer figures from the Office for National Statistics are the latest available and are understood to be representative of the whole year.

The analysis, published in the ONS journal Economic and Labour Market Review, also showed that while a million jobs have become available in Britain over the past six years, there are now a third of a million fewer British-born people in work.

Since the beginning of 2004, the number of British-born people in jobs has gone down by 334,000, while nearly 1.3 million foreign-born individuals have found work in the UK.

Of these, 530,000 were from Eastern Europe and 770,000 from elsewhere in the world.

Sir Andrew Green, of the think-tank MigrationWatch, said: 'These latest figures can only be described as spectacular. There are no fixed numbers of jobs in an economy but it is very hard to escape the conclusion that foreign-born workers are taking jobs that might be done by British workers.'
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Employment – fake students
Fake foreign students vanish into black market jobs and cost taxpayers £493 million a year
James Slack
Daily Mail, 5 January 2011

Bogus students from overseas are costing taxpayers up to £493 million a year, a report claims.

The study by think-tank Migrationwatch says tens of thousands of foreign students are 'disappearing underground' to take jobs on the black market.

They are filling up to 32,000 posts which could be legally held by the 2.5 million unemployed British workers, the report says.

It adds that the cost of paying unemployment and housing benefit to those who lose out to bogus students is as much as £471 million a year.

And because the NHS does not carry out stringent checks on those needing emergency treatment, the study estimates the illegal workers cost a further £16 million in health care. Educating their children is estimated at an additional £6 million.

Migrationwatch chairman Sir Andrew Green called on the Government to clamp down on bogus students.

He said: 'By working illegally they take a job that would otherwise be available for a British worker who remains unemployed.'

He added: 'Such illegal workers also tend to hold down wages at the lower end and enable unscrupulous employers to compete unfairly with honest employers who offer decent wages and conditions.'

Immigration minister Damian Green said the Coalition was committed to ensuring that 'those who come to the UK to study are genuine and are not using a student visa to gain work'.

He added: 'Tough enforcement is the cornerstone of our immigration policy.'
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EXTREMISM

Extremism – equality laws, cost
Financial benefits of equality laws are imaginary, says think-tank
Martin Beckford
Daily Telegraph, 23 December 2011

New equality laws have no economic benefit and only a questionable effect on discrimination, a report claims.

The study published by the think-tank Civitas says that the supposed economic benefits of recent human rights legislation are "imaginary" and that even their symbolic value is "debatable".

It claims that rather than saving the country £65 million a year, as Government estimates suggest, the Equality Act 2010 will actually cost at least £10m annually while tying small businesses in red tape.

The claims come after another study by the think-tank suggested that up to £1 billion a year is spent on "mindless" data collection as companies are forced to comply with equalities legislation.

That report found that equality laws have created a cottage industry of bureaucrats who monitor but don't actually reduce race or gender bias.

Ministers have also been criticised by a backbench Tory MP, Dominic Raab, for implementing costly and bureaucratic elements of Labour's flagship Equality Act rather than scrapping them after taking office.

The law, which gained Royal Assent just before the election, aimed to improve fairness by banning discrimination against "protected groups" such as ethnic minorities, women, disabled people and homosexuals.

It streamlined existing legislation and aimed to improve equal opportunities in the workplace.

The impact assessment published by the Government Equalities Office suggested the law would cost up to £283m to implement in its first year, but the costs would soon be recouped.

It was claimed that society would benefit by as much as £62m a year from greater equality.

But in a new Civitas paper called Assessing the Damage, Nigel Williams, a statistician, claims that the costs of implementing the law are far higher while the savings are "largely imaginary".

He said that the official figures are based on the assumption that people will give up some of their prosperity in return for greater equality: "The value is ideological, nothing more."

It also assumes that combating discrimination does not "harm growth" by dissuading small businesses from recruiting because of the "weight of regulations" and the "threat of an employment tribunal".

A further £9m in annual savings is expected from the simplification of existing laws, but Mr Williams says this could be bettered by the mere "removal of the offending regulations".

Meanwhile the prediction of another £4m annual benefit is based on the assumption that changes to the equal pay regime will lead to fewer employment tribunals.

But Mr Williams claims the new law may lead to more legal claims against employers and will require even the smallest of firms to digest 800 pages of guidance.

He concludes: "Even if the changes are introduced with extraordinary efficiency by all concerned and the budgeted £200 million proves ample, the annual consequences of this legislation will serve not to pay back the costs, but to add to them.

"The ideological benefits of the Equality Act are debatable at best. The financial benefits simply do not exist."
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Extremism – equality laws, cost
Did Harriet Harman's Equality Act save Britain £65 million?
Ed West
Daily Telegraph blog, 23 December 2011

Has Harriet Harman's showpiece 2010 Equality Act really saved the country £65 million? This is the implausible figure cited by the Government, and disputed by the think-tank Civitas, which calls such benefits "imaginary" and says even the symbolic values are "debatable". ...

Last month the same think-tank produced a report, The Rise of the Equalities Industry, by sociology professor Peter Saunders, which suggested that the cost of equality was somewhere like £150 million in the service sector, £35 million in manufacturing and, worst of all, £210 million across small and medium-sized businesses.

In fact everywhere that equality and diversity has become a government goal it has ended up costing money, without exception, which is why the £65 million sounds so odd. Forbes have estimated the cost of diversity training being $10 billion to the US economy, while various equality acts, including the ruinous disparate impact laws (the equivalent of indirect discrimination), have been economically as well as socially damaging.

The Civitas Report states:



Familiarization is given a one-off cost of over £200 million. This includes an allowance of 8 hours for each small or medium-sized enterprise, of 249 employees or less, to digest 800 pages of guidance from the Equalities and Human Rights Commission, including the issue of whether it is legal to make a choice between two equally qualified candidates if one is from a protected group.

Small employers will not be able to afford a specialist for their personnel needs. Larger ones will need both to understand the provisions themselves and to disseminate to them to anyone involved in line management or recruitment. Eight hours of familiarization time is insufficient.

No allowance is made for single-person, owner-managed firms, estimated at 3.5 million in number. The assumption is that they will not step up to the next level of employing other people. Whether any would choose to expand if it were not for the burden of regulations surrounding employment is another question.



And so such regulations disproportionately damage small businesses. This is why, as Jonah Goldberg wrote in Liberal Fascism, big business is so much behind a corporatist "equality and diversity" culture, giving them relatively cheap ethical branding. Yet so far there is no evidence that any equality laws makes businesses more effective (psychologists Katherine Williams and Charles O'Reilly say: "The preponderance of empirical evidence is that diversity is likely to impede group functioning."); nor that it helps to reduce the inequalities in society (and the great irony of American liberals' obsession with equality is that East Asians are now being discriminated against and are pretending to be white).

Anti-discrimination laws arose out of a noble idea, to counter blatant bias (especially in the US), but at some point the goal became the levelling of society between all groups, a goal that is clearly incompatible with a free society where people in their everyday thoughts and actions discriminate.
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Extremism – Islam
Can We Talk About This?, Warwick Arts Centre, Coventry, review
Dominic Cavendish
Daily Telegraph, 14 November 2011

This may rank as dance company DV8's talkiest project to-date, about the scale of violent threat posed by Islamic extremism to those upholding or speaking up for western values.

It has just been announced that this show, the latest from dance company DV8, is going to be at the National Theatre next March. That's not only commendable – because the production is compelling – but also brave, because what it says is almost unsayable.

In 80 minutes or so, "Can We Talk About This?" systematically demonstrates the scale of violent threat posed by Islamic extremism to those upholding or speaking up for western values. More than any play of the past 10 years, it argues emphatically that it isn't Islamophobic to point out that we have a serious problem here, not just abroad but in our midst, not least thanks to the confusions and skewed priorities of multiculturalism. ...

The piece begins with a question posed by Martin Amis – "Do you feel morally superior to the Taliban?" (and if not, why not?) and then tracks across a succession of cases whose accumulative effect is to induce a mixture of revulsion and indignation. Some of the items will be familiar – the Rushdie affair is revisited, for instance, as is the saga of Ray Honeyford, ousted as a Bradford head-teacher in 1985 for alleged racism in talking about segregation in schools; there are also vignettes dealing with the Danish cartoon controversy, the murder of Dutch film-maker Theo Van Gogh and the 2009 UK ban on the right-wing Dutch politician Geert Wilders. Less obvious but no less arresting examples include the fatwa issued against Dr Usama Hasan for suggesting that the Koran was compatible with the theory of evolution.
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Extremism – Islam, tolerance
Into the fray: A study in self-cannibalization
Martin Sherman
Jerusalem Post, 11 November 2011

Over a century ago, Churchill warned that Western civilization will face an existential challenge from the Muslim world. It is now upon us. ...

Across the Western world today, political liberalism is undergoing a process of self-cannibalization. It is being devoured by the very values which made it into arguably the most successful and influential socio-political doctrine in modern history.

At the very minimum, it is being complicit in actively facilitating its own demise though an unrestrained and undiscerning compulsion to apply these values universally – even when such application is not only inappropriate but detrimental to those values.

Devotees of political liberalism fervently advocate – quite correctly – the need to acknowledge the diversity of humanity and to accept the existence of those different from us, i.e., the "Other."

However, they then go on to advocate – with equal fervor – something that in effect empties the previous acknowledgment of all significance, i.e., that we relate to all the diverse "Others" as equals.

For what is the point of acknowledging diversity if we are called upon to ignore the possible ramifications of that diversity and to relate to those discernibly different from us as if they were essentially the same as us? Prima facie, this is absurdly self-contradictory.

For surely the awareness of difference raises the possibility that different attitudes (and actions) toward the "Other" may be called for.

Although acknowledging diversity necessarily negates equality, this does not a priori mean that "Ours" is morally superior to "Theirs" – although the plausible assumption is that "We" have a subjective preference for "Ours" over "Theirs."

This, of course, might entail certain practical ramifications for the preservation of "Ours" lest it be consumed by "Theirs" – depending on "Their" appetites and aspirations. ...

The major source of peril today is the reluctance – indeed the resolute refusal – to acknowledge the emerging threat. True, there were sympathizers in the West for both the Nazi and Soviet causes, which although they viewed themselves as antithetically adversarial to each other, both strove to eliminate our democratic freedoms and way of life.

However, the denial we are witnessing today seems qualitatively different.

...

Indeed, there seems to be an overriding inability to admit the possibility that the "Other" is in fact fundamentally different – i.e., genuinely "Other" – and may hold entirely different beliefs as to what is good and bad, what is legitimate and what is not.

It is of little practical consequence whether this is the product of an overbearing intellectual arrogance, which precludes the possibility of any alternative value system, or of an underlying moral cowardice, which precludes the will to defend the validity of one's own value system.

The result is the ongoing retreat from the defense of liberty and tolerance in the face of an ever-emboldened, intolerant Muslim militancy – not only across the Islamic world but within the urban heart of many Western nations as well.
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Extremism – Islam, USA
Poll stunner: These American blacks OK with violent attacks
WorldNetDaily, 1 September 2011

The most dangerous Muslims in America may be black converts to Islam, according to a shocking new poll by the Pew Research Center.

African-American Muslims tend to hold the most violent views among U.S. Muslims surveyed by Pew in a poll released this week.

Fully 28 percent of U.S.-born black Muslim respondents said "suicide bombings and other violence against civilians" can be justified sometimes or at least in rare cases. That compares with 9 percent of foreign-born Muslims who hold the same view.

Pew also found that 11 percent of black Muslims living in the U.S. have a favorable opinion of al-Qaida – more than double the share of U.S. Muslims overall who hold that view. Another 21 percent of black Muslims hold only mildly unfavorable views of the terrorist organization responsible for attacking America 10 years ago; while 56 percent of that segment of the Muslim population hold very unfavorable views.

The survey results are troubling, because U.S. officials say al-Qaida in recent years has stepped up its efforts to recruit African-Americans to target the homeland for terrorist attacks. English-speaking blacks do not fit the prevailing Middle Eastern terrorist profile, officials say, and al-Qaida recruiters believe they have a better chance of slipping through security checkpoints.

A growing number of black converts have been radicalized in prison or by jihadist websites, officials say.

As former head of the New York State prisons' Muslim chaplains program, Warith Deen Umar preached that Muslims should "be prepared to fight, be prepared to die, be prepared to kill." The black convert to Islam also called the 9/11 hijackers martyrs and heroes.
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Extremism – Islam, USA
Homegrown terror threat: Muslim-Americans playing 'prominent roles' in Al Qaeda and threatening more attacks on home soil, reveals 9/11 report card
Paul Bentley
Daily Mail, 31 August 2011

Homegrown terrorists are playing increasingly prominent roles within Al Qaeda and are threatening more deadly attacks from within the U.S., the much anticipated 9/11 report card revealed today.

As the 10th anniversary of the devastating attacks on New York approaches, the National Security Preparedness Group issued a stinging assessment of just how far the U.S. needs to go to combat terror threats.

Airport security is still not thorough enough to stop a large-scale air bombing, the report claimed and, even more worryingly, the greatest threat to national security may well be coming from America itself, with the frighteningly common radicalisation of Muslim-American teens.

The report, issued today, stated: 'Most troubling, we have seen a pattern of increasing terrorist recruitment of American citizens and residents to act as "lone wolves"...

'Today, we know that Americans are playing increasingly prominent roles in al Qaeda's movement.

'Muslim-American youth are being recruited in Somali communities in Minneapolis and Portland, Oregon, in some respects moving the front lines to the interior of our country.'
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Extremism – Islam, Shariah, political correctness, army, USA
Disarmed by Shariah: Political correctness prevents Army from recognizing sedition
Adm. James A. Lyons
Washington Times, 12 July 2011
[Retired Navy Adm. James A. Lyons was commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet and senior U.S. military representative to the United Nations]

Today, the mind-numbing disease of political correctness has so infected the American military leadership that it is a threat in itself. The political correctness mentality was the principal reason why Fort Hood's alleged murderer, Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, was not cashiered out of the Army after a shocking June 2007 PowerPoint presentation he gave as part of his psychiatric residency program. In that presentation, he reportedly warned his Army colleagues and supervisor at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center of "adverse events" that would occur if the Army did not accept the precepts of Islamic Shariah law and grant Muslims serving in the Army conscientious objector status.

He went on to describe what he meant by adverse events, citing previous cases of Muslims murdering their fellow soldiers, spying against the United States, deserting their units and refusing to deploy. None of his fellow doctors or his supervisor reported his remarks, most likely out of fear of being labeled a bigot or racist, which in today's military could end one's career.

Now it seems the Army has embraced Maj. Hasan's position in an incredible decision made last month by the secretary of the Army to grant conscientious objector status to Pfc. Naser Abdo. He is a 21-year-old soldier, a member of the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Ky., who refused to deploy to Afghanistan, claiming that Shariah law prevented him from killing other Muslims.

The fact that Shariah law is totally incompatible with the U.S. Constitution and has no legal basis in the United States was somehow overlooked in the Army's decision process. Shariah is a totalitarian legal-military-political system that is designed to control every aspect of an individual's life and is antithetical to our concept of freedom and democracy. By its dictates, Shariah is seditious.

By acceding to the dictates of Shariah, the Army has tacitly endorsed an absurd position that in effect sanctions Muslim service members to kill non-Muslims but forbids them to kill Muslims. Further, it is an unbelievable basis on which to classify them as conscientious objectors. ...

... We have many Muslims serving honorably in the U.S. military and their service should not be tainted by Pfc. Abdo's conscientious objector designation.
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Extremism – Islam
Beware this Mormon-mania
Charles Spencer
Daily Telegraph, 27 June 2011

... And if you are going to write a satire about religion, the Mormons seem a peculiarly soft target. What's really required right now is a comic demolition job on the malign cruelty and absurdity of militant Islamism. But that would be a truly dangerous and courageous task. Having a good-natured pop at the Mormons isn't going to cause any real trouble.
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Extremism – free speech, Islam, Netherlands
Netherlands Islam: Wilders verdict stirs up debate
Lauren Comiteau
BBC, 23 June 2011

Dutch far-right politician Geert Wilders has been acquitted of all charges in his hate speech trial in Amsterdam.

Judges found that the populist politician's comments comparing Islam to Nazism might be offensive, but they fell within the scope of protected speech.

"This is a precedent-setting case that now allows people to feel like they can say more than they felt they could say before," said John Tyler, political editor at Radio Netherlands.

"The acquittal of Geert Wilders has big implications for free speech in the Netherlands." ...

In a mere 20 minutes, judges dismissed all charges of inciting hatred and discrimination against Muslims.

Judges called some of Mr Wilders's comments "crude and denigrating", but not illegal.

Although they found his warning of a "tsunami" of immigrants to be on the border of what is permissible, they said he had stayed within the bounds of the law, especially because his remarks were made during the country's heated political debates on multi-culturalism.

For his part, Mr Wilders said he was happy with the verdict and would continue to speak out against what he called the threat of Islam.

"The good news is it's legal to be critical about Islam," he told reporters in the courthouse lobby following his acquittal.

"And this is something that we need, because the Islamisation of our societies is a major problem and a threat to our freedom. And I'm allowed to say so." ...

But a lawyer for many of the Muslim plaintiffs, Ties Prakken, says she will take their case beyond Dutch borders to the UN Human Rights Committee in Geneva.
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Extremism – police, fear of racism
Police 'cover up Muslim crimes'
Andrew Gilligan
Sunday Telegraph, 12 June 2011

Police are accused of "covering up" a campaign of abuse, threats and violence that is aimed at "Islamicising" a London borough.

Victims say officers in Tower Hamlets have ignored or played down hate crimes – and disregarded evidence implicating Muslims in them – for fear of being accused of racism. ... ...

Teachers in several schools said they felt "under pressure" from Muslim extremists, who mounted campaigns to enforce the compulsory wearing of the veil for Muslim girls. ... ...

"Another Labour councillor said the Met was now the reverse of what it must have been like in the 1970s, with a complete lack of interest when white people make complaints of harassment and hatred."
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Extremism – Islam
Schools 'being infiltrated by radical Muslims'
Duncan Gardham
Daily Telegraph, 8 June 2011

Schools have been employing Islamist radicals and encouraging extremism, a government report claimed yesterday. ...

The Government's counter-radicalisation strategy, Prevent, said new standards to be enforced by Ofsted should enable schools to take action against staff who demonstrate unacceptable views.

The Education Bill will also include a stronger focus on pupils' "spiritual, moral, social and cultural development". ...

Concerns have also been raised that madrassas – after-school religious classes attached to mosques – were promoting a conservative version of Islam and spreading extremist views, particularly against non-Muslims.

It estimates that 100,000 Muslim children attend such schools.
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Extremism – Islam
Islamist militants 'driven into shadows'
Patrick Sawer and Patrick Hennessy
Sunday Telegraph, 5 June 2011

A new generation of British Islamist militants is being radicalised in back streets, counter-terrorism experts warn.

A report shows the success of anti-radicalisation measures in many mosques has pushed militants underground, making them harder to detect by community leaders and police.

The report, prepared for the Association of Chief Police Officers, found 11 out of 12 mosques it examined had been targeted by extremist groups.

Prof Martin Innes, who led the study by the Universities' Police Science Institute at Cardiff University, said: "Police tactics are creating a hostile environment for extremists. That is forcing radicalisation underground, making it harder for the police to penetrate and gather intelligence."
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Extremism – Islam
Met Police trainer linked to 7/7 gang
Rachel Williams and David Barrett
Sunday Telegraph, 8 May 2011

A man described as a suspected terrorist sympathiser closely linked to the July 7 bombers has worked for Scotland Yard and a string of councils to run training courses about "engaging" Muslim youths.

Tafazal Mohammad was described as an "individual of interest" by MI5 in 2001 when he attended a training camp with Mohammed Sidique Khan, the July 7 ringleader.

Despite a host of links with the suicide bombers, Mr Mohammad now promotes himself as a "professionally qualified youth and community worker" and has been paid thousands of pounds by organisations including the Metropolitan Police and Chester University. ...

Mr Mohammad's links to the July 7 attacks were detailed at length in the inquest into the bombings.
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Extremism – Islam
University campuses 'hotbeds' of Islamic extremism
Duncan Gardham
Daily Telegraph, 28 April 2011

Islamic fundamentalism is being allowed to flourish at universities, endangering national security, MPs and peers said yesterday.

Academics are turning a blind eye to radicals because they do not want to spy on students, a report claimed.

Despite "damning evidence" of a serious problem, little progress had been made in tackling the unsustainable situation, the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Homeland Security said.

They urged the Government to tackle the issue on campuses with "utmost urgency". ...

The parliamentary group was set up two years ago to carry out research into homeland security issues. ...

Think tanks have highlighted a succession of extremist speakers invited to deliver lectures unopposed at university Islamic societies, including UCL. ...

The report quoted one witness, Prof Anthony Glees, of Buckingham University, who said Arab and other foreign governments had ploughed £240 million into Islamic studies courses at universities over the past 10 years.
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Extremism – Islam, political correctness
[A fear of offending Muslims allowed extremists into Britain]
Daily Telegraph, 28 April 2011

A fear of offending Muslims allowed extremists into Britain before the London bombings in 2005, a former Labour minister has admitted.

Kim Howells, a former Foreign Office minister and chairman of the Commons intelligence and security committee, blamed "political correctness" for fostering a situation in which dozens of extremists were sent to fight against the West after being indoctrinated in Britain. He said: "There is a reluctance to talk about the whole issue."
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Extremism – Islam
Islamist extremism: so did we cure the problem?
Andrew Gilligan
Daily Telegraph, 27 April 2011
[From the website, 26 April]

The Islamists empowered by the authorities may condemn terrorism, but their actions in hosting radicals and fundamentalists leave their fine words open to question. And even non-violent Islamists teach their followers to suspect, reject, sometimes despise the culture of this country. They explicitly believe in replacing secular, democratic government with theocratic and Islamic government.

... Britain's problem, however, is that to an extent greater here than in any other Western country, the commanding heights of our Muslim communities are disproportionately influenced by the radical minority.

They control many of the most important mosques. They are highly influential in the Muslim Council of Britain. They control, or heavily influence, some British-based digital TV channels widely watched by British Muslims. They run a number of Britain's biggest Muslim charities. They dominate many university Islamic societies. And they are setting up schools where a new generation is being raised to be much more radical than its parents.

This has been done with at best the acquiescence, at worst the active support, of the British state. Ofcom, the TV regulator, hands out only slaps on the wrist for blatant and repeated bias, lies and breaches of its code which might see other broadcasters shut down. Ofsted, the education regulator, described a London school as leaving its pupils "well-prepared for life in a multicultural society", even though the school website states that it teaches them to "oppose the lifestyle of the West".

Ed Balls, when education secretary in the last government, actively defended the payment of public money to schools run by supporters of Hizb ut Tahrir. Robert Lambert, the police commander who did the North London Mosque deal, has become an academic, heavily funded by the state and radical groups as co-director of the European Muslim Research Centre at Exeter University. Charles Farr, head of the Government's Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism, supported the admission to the UK of a radical preacher, Zakir Naik, who has stated that "every Muslim should be a terrorist". Many Left-liberals, including those in government, see any criticism of almost any Muslim as illegitimate, and a threat to liberal values. But it is the extremists who really threaten liberalism. ...

For all David Cameron's recent promise to change things, only some things have altered. ... But in the last three months, at least £50,000 of public money has been paid to the East London Mosque and its sister organisations. Despite claims to the contrary, a number of Islamist-sympathising advisers are still employed in Whitehall. And an Islamist front, Engage, has achieved touchdown at Westminster, having been appointed secretariat to a new all-party parliamentary group on Islamophobia. ...

Revolutionaries cannot be tamed by meetings with ministers, posts on committees or taxpayers' cash. They can only be strengthened. Britain's Islamist groups are largely self-appointed and represent almost no one. Their principal importance is that which has been gifted to them by the Government.
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Extremism – Islam
Sadly, I've been proved right. Britain IS a centre of terror. Tragically, our rulers can't see the truth
Melanie Phillips
Daily Mail, 27 April 2011

So now we are all finally able to see just why Britain's capital came to be known contemptuously as 'Londonistan'.

Some five years ago, I wrote a book by that name which laid out the extent to which Britain had become the global hub of Islamic terrorism outside the Muslim world itself.

So bad was this phenomenon that the French secret service, which had tried in vain to alert Britain to the dangers, dubbed it 'Londonistan' in a sarcastic reference to the flow into London of Muslim extremists who had been radicalised in Afghanistan.

Worse still, I wrote, the British political, legal and security establishments were still refusing to get to grips with the threat posed to Britain by militant Muslims who wanted to conquer it for Islam.

At the time, such an analysis was considered pretty off the wall. I had a hard time getting the book published, and when it did appear I was called 'mad' by the Guardian, as well as 'bonkers', 'alarmist', 'hysterical' and, of course, 'Islamophobic'.

Now, however, a new tranche of WikiLeaks documents, detailing the backgrounds of the inmates of the Guantanamo Bay detention centre, confirms precisely what I wrote.

The UK, these papers reveal, furnished no fewer than 35 of the members of Al Qaeda – more than any other nation – who ended up in Guantanamo after having been indoctrinated by Islamic preachers in Britain into murderous hatred against the West.

The documents record how terrorist recruits from across Africa and the Middle East flocked to London to claim asylum.

As I wrote in my book, they were drawn like bees to a honeypot by Britain's uniquely self-destructive combination of a generous welfare state, a long tradition of turning a blind eye to foreign political dissidents, and a judiciary and political class which had effectively decided to tear up Britain's border controls in the cause of 'universal human rights'.

The truly disturbing thing was not just that these characters were allowed into the country, but that it was in Britain itself where thousands of young Muslims were subsequently radicalised – a process that continues to accelerate.

And as these files state, this didn't just take place in London's notorious Finsbury Park mosque under those two key preachers and terrorist recruiters Abu Qatada and Abu Hamza.

It also occurred in self-styled moderate establishments such as the flagship Regent's Park and East London mosques. ... ...

Of course, it must not be forgotten that many hundreds of thousands of British Muslims shun violence or extremism. They want only to live peacefully and enjoy the benefits of Western democracy and human rights.

But an alarmingly high number do not. And this radicalisation has come about through a lethal cocktail of multiculturalism, welfarism and sheer spineless funk by the British authorities, laced with political correctness which turned right and wrong upside down.

What beggars belief even more is that the Government has been paying millions in compensation to some of these terrorists for having so inconsiderately deprived them of their 'human rights' by locking them up.
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Extremism – Islam, racism, political correctness
Being too PC led us to shelter terrorists, says ex-minister
Martin Bentham
Evening Standard (London), 27 April 2011

A former Labour minister admitted today that political correctness had led Britain to offer shelter to violent extremists.

Kim Howells, a former Foreign Office minister, said Tony Blair's government and other administrations had been afraid to criticise the conduct of radical preachers and others because they feared being accused of racism.

He said the policy had been pursued even though there was plenty of intelligence about the "evil" intent of such extremists and that it was only reversed after the 7/7 bombings. Mr Howells also said that he had been unable to find a single imam willing to say publicly that suicide bombers would go to hell. He further criticised a reluctance in Muslim communities to condemn the "murderous actions" of terrorists.

His comments came as a leaked diplomatic cable, published today by WikiLeaks, revealed Britain had been warned years before the London bombings to stop giving asylum to "very dangerous" terrorists.

The cable, sent by a former military attaché to the Algerian embassy in Washington on July 12 2005, told US diplomats that Britain had allowed extremists to raise money for terrorist causes.

"Did the English consider the risks of allowing Londonistan to develop?" the cable states. "The British thought that sheltering terrorists was a good solution, but they did not realise that one can never align oneself with the devil, and they did precisely that for years and years."

In a BBC interview today, Mr Howells admitted that the criticism was justified.
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Extremism – politics
Vince Cable: David Cameron's immigration claims 'risk inflaming extremism'
James Kirkup
Daily Telegraph, 14 April 2011

Vince Cable, the Business Secretary, has accused David Cameron of "inflaming extremism" with his speech on immigration.

The Prime Minister will today claim that uncontrolled immigration has undermined some British communities. Pledging to cut the numbers entering Britain to tens of thousands, rather than hundreds of thousands, Mr Cameron will say that "for too long, immigration has been too high". ...

But Mr Cable, a Liberal Democrat, described the speech as "very unwise" and suggested it could fuel extremism over immigration.

"The reference to the tens of thousands of immigrants rather than hundreds of thousands is not part of the coalition agreement, it is Tory party policy only," Mr Cable told the BBC.

"I do understand there is an election coming but talk of mass immigration risks inflaming the extremism to which he and I are both strongly opposed."
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Extremism – Islam
Ex-Army chief's fears over plan for mosque next to Sandhurst
Simon Walters
Mail on Sunday, 9 April 2011

A former head of the Armed Forces has warned that plans for a mosque overlooking Sandhurst could lead to attacks on the Royal Military Academy.

In a letter, Lord Guthrie says he is worried about the 'security' of the two 100ft minarets which will tower over the mosque, 300 yards from the Sandhurst parade ground.

And he is unconvinced by promises from the mosque leaders that it will not fall into the hands of extremists who support a 'doctrine of hate'.

The letter by Lord Guthrie – who was Chief of the Defence Staff under Tony Blair – was written to the planning inspector chairing an inquiry into the proposed mosque.

The Mail on Sunday, which has obtained the letter, understands that it reflects fears among senior military figures that the minarets could be used by snipers or other terrorists.

Supporters of the mosque say the claim is irresponsible and untrue.

A listed Victorian school building is set to be demolished to make way for the £3 million building. More than 6,500 people have signed a petition to oppose it.
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Extremism – Islam
Keeping your enemies too close for comfort
Charles Moore
Daily Telegraph, 21 February 2011
[Book review: 'A Mosque in Munich' by Ian Johnson]

... the Muslim Brotherhood, ...

Gradually, the Brotherhood's friends built up a network of institutions. Today, their European centre is at Markfield Conference Centre, near Leicester. The most famous intellectual inspiration for the Brotherhood's followers is Youssef Qaradawi, much praised by Ken Livingstone. He has ruled in favour of killing Israeli children and extreme punishments for homosexuals.

You will often hear that the Muslim Brotherhood is a reasonable organisation. ... It is true that, in Egypt, it is not currently advocating violence ...

But this misses the point about its ideology, which is absolute. The doctrine is that "Islam is the solution", in a political sense. Muslim societies must be governed by sharia. No countries otherwise governed are legitimate. Many Brothers also believe that any Muslim not accepting this approach is an apostate and may therefore be killed.

... This book shows how, for 50 years, the West has been empowering those who are adamantly opposed to our entire way of life.
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Extremism – terrorism
Islamic groups to lose anti-terror funding
Duncan Gardham
Daily Telegraph, 12 February 2011

Controversial counter-terrorism projects worth more than £1.2 million are to have their funding withdrawn in the first sign of a tougher approach to tackling violent extremists.

The first to be hit is the Street project, based at Brixton Mosque in south London, which has received more than £500,000 in three years. ...

The office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT) is already driving a rethink of a project called Preventing Violent Extremism.

... Charles Farr, head of the OSCT, aims to cut funding to organisations with what are considered "divisive and extreme beliefs" as Prevent is refashioned to exclude "non-violent extremists".

When ministers arrived in the Home Office they are understood to have been shocked to find there were no criteria for which groups to fund, little information about how much they were receiving and no proper auditing of their effectiveness.
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Extremism – Islam, Parliament
MPs walk out in battle over Islamist group
Andrew Gilligan
Sunday Telegraph, 30 January 2011

The chairman and vice-chairman of an all-party parliamentary group tackling "discrimination" against Muslims have resigned after the group granted a Commons security pass to an Islamist sympathiser.

Kris Hopkins, Tory MP for Keighley, and the Labour peer Lord Janner, quit the new All-Party Parliamentary Group on Islamophobia after failing to persuade their colleagues to sack a body called iEngage as the group's secretariat.

iEngage, also known as Engage, is an organisation of Islamist sympathisers which has repeatedly defended extremists. Last year, it called on the Government to revoke a ban on a hardline foreign preacher who has said that "every Muslim should be a terrorist."

According to parliamentary records, iEngage's head of research, Shenaz Bunglawala, has been granted a Commons pass in her capacity as the all-party group's secretary. The records also state that iEngage "acts as the group's secretariat", a role which involves taking minutes of it meetings and heavily influencing its reports and speaker programme. ...

Mr Hopkins and Lord Janner acted to remove iEngage within days of the all-party group's first meeting in November, after its political sympathies were drawn to their attention. However, after an "orchestrated lobbying campaign" by Islamist sympathisers, other members of the group, including the Liberal Democrat deputy leader, Simon Hughes, resisted iEngage's sacking. ...

iEngage has consistently defended fundamentalist organisations such as the East London Mosque and the Islamic Forum of Europe. It routinely attacks all criticism of them as "Islamophobia".
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FRAUD AND CORRUPTION

Fraud and corruption – education
University of Wales degree and visa scam exposed by BBC
Ciaran Jenkins
BBC, 5 October 2011

A scam exposed by BBC Wales in which overseas students are helped to cheat their way to University of Wales-validated degrees and visas is being investigated by the UK Border Agency.

Students are sold diplomas exempting them from work for MBAs, which then entitles them to apply for a UK visa.

Three staff at Rayat London College have been suspended.

The university is to stop validating other institutions' degrees. It would not comment on the scam allegations.

UK Immigration Minister Damian Green said: "It's fraud - it's clearly trying to create and exploit a loophole in the immigration system. ..."

Special two-year work permits for all overseas graduates in the UK are being phased out in April and foreign students are being tempted by offers to fraudulently obtain degrees before the deadline.

Undercover footage suggests students at the Rayat London College are being offered the chance to enrol on express MBA courses using fraudulent diplomas to ensure exemptions from much of the work.

BBC Wales' Week In Week Out programme has obtained evidence of plans to offer students advanced sight of an official University of Wales exam paper.

Covert filming shows one lecturer, Surya Medicherla, giving students tips on how to cheat in exams and how to deceive the UK Border Agency (UKBA). ...

A spokesperson for Rayat London College said the lecturer, registrar and admissions officer had all been suspended. ...

The episode is likely to cause further embarrassment for the University of Wales, after an earlier BBC investigation revealed a college offering its courses in Malaysia was run by a pop star with two bogus degrees. ...

The university, whose chancellor is Prince Charles, was the second-largest degree awarding body in the UK with 70,000 students at 130 partner colleges around the world.

Following a highly critical report by the higher education watchdog, the QAA, the University of Wales said each of its partnerships would be reviewed.

However, it last inspected Rayat London College in July, shortly before the BBC investigation began, and validated its courses for a further five years. ...

Prof Sir Deian Hopkin, former vice-chancellor of London South Bank University, said the developments were worrying.

"If someone comes along and says a British degree can be bought and sold ... that's not good news."
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HERITAGE

Heritage – race, identity, happiness
Racial identity tied to happiness, study finds
Michigan State University, 4 March 2011

Black people who identify more strongly with their racial identity are generally happier, according to a study led by psychology researchers at Michigan State University.

The study, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, appears in the current issue of Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, a research journal published by the American Psychological Association.

"This is the first empirical study we know of that shows a relationship between racial identity and happiness," said Stevie C.Y. Yap, doctoral candidate in psychology at MSU and lead researcher on the project.

Previous research has found a relationship between racial identity and favorable outcomes such as self-esteem, Yap said, but none has made the link with happiness.

For the study, the researchers surveyed black adults in Michigan. The results suggest the more the participants identified with being black – or the more being black was an important part of who they are – the more happy they were with life as a whole, Yap said.

The study also explored the reasons behind the connection. Yap said it may be fueled by a sense of belongingness – that is, blacks with a strong sense of racial identity may feel more connected to their racial group, which in turn makes them happy.

This sense of belongingness is especially important for happiness in women, Yap said.

"For men, the potential factors relating identity to happiness is still an open question," he said.
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IMMIGRATION

Immigration – public opinion
What do Europeans think about immigration?
Matthew Goodwin
The Guardian, 15 December 2011

Immigration arouses passion and debate like no other issue. ...

The problem, however, is that these debates are typically characterised by misinformation and prejudice. Too often, surveys and opinion polls ask misleading questions, or are manipulated to meet the demands of particular interest groups. This is why the results of the latest edition of a reliable survey of what ordinary citizens think about this issue are so important. The Transatlantic Trends survey explores public attitudes to immigration across the US, UK, France, Germany, Italy and Spain. While the picture it paints is complex, it is also detailed and nuanced. For those politicians and policymakers who are seeking to reassure anxious voters about rising ethnic and cultural diversity, it reveals both challenges and opportunities.

First – the challenges. Perhaps unsurprisingly, scepticism toward immigration across Europe remains strong. In fact, across the five European states majorities of citizens consider immigration to be more of a problem than opportunity, and view immigrants as a burden on social services. This suggests that despite significant efforts by western governments to make the case for rising diversity, large numbers of voters remain unconvinced. This is especially true in the UK, where over two-thirds of respondents labelled immigration problematic. In fact, public concern and scepticism about this issue was strongest in the UK. Interestingly, the British are significantly more anxious over this issue than voters in countries that have far more successful anti-immigrant populist parties.

While they are sceptical, an additional challenge stems from the way in which large numbers of citizens in Europe are profoundly dissatisfied with how politicians are managing this issue. Despite extensive legislative action by previous Labour governments and more recent plans by the coalition to curb net migration, three quarters of British voters think the government is performing poorly on this issue. Nor is the UK unique in this respect: seven out of every 10 respondents in Europe are distinctly unimpressed with the performance of their governments. ...

So what are the opportunities? First, despite their frustrations with politicians, the attitudes of citizens toward immigration have remained broadly stable. ... Second, most citizens continue to overestimate the actual numbers of immigrants. ...

Third, while there remain clear concerns over the integration of Muslims (53% of respondents in Europe think Muslims are integrating "poorly"), across Europe this figure is lower than previously, which suggests that attempts to bolster integration are working (or are at least perceived to be working). ... Lastly, we can also see evidence of an important "generational effect" at work: whereas 40% of citizens in Europe think Muslims are integrating well, when asked about the children of Muslim immigrants the figure jumps to 55%. Similarly, whereas 52% of citizens think immigrants are integrating well, 65% think that the children of immigrants are successfully integrating.
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Immigration – border controls, politics
Migrant boom over last 14 years 'was driven by open borders and not jobs'
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 13 December 2011

Labour's open-door policies – and not the promise of prosperity – were the main reason why immigration soared over the past 14 years, an academic inquiry found yesterday.

The report said 'the increase in net immigration to the UK was not driven primarily by the economic performance of the UK or other countries'.

Instead, it pointed to immigration policies.

Changes introduced after Labour took power in 1997 included liberal approaches towards economic migrants claiming to be asylum seekers, the acceptance of migrants considered to have worthwhile skills, and the opening of the British jobs market to workers from Poland and Eastern Europe.

The report by academics from the National Institute of Economic and Social Research, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the University of Leicester was based on the findings of large-scale official surveys of immigration. It was published by the Economic Journal of the Royal Economic Society.

It said three-quarters of net immigration to Britain since the mid-1990s was a result of 'structural change' associated with government policies. The other quarter was driven by friends and families coming to join migrants already in Britain.

The study undermines the idea that the rosy-looking economy before the crash of 2007 and 2008 was the magnet that drew about 3 million immigrants into the country over a decade.

This in turn means that, although thousands of businesses have benefited from hard-working and highly qualified migrants, it was not the needs of the economy that brought them into Britain.
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Immigration – public opinion
Cut the number of migrants say two out of three Britons
Anil Dawar
Daily Express, 2 December 2011

More than two in three people want the number of migrants allowed into Britain cut, a survey has found.

The figures, in a report published today, come a week after it was revealed net migration last year – the difference between those entering Britain and those leaving – reached a record high of 252,000.

It leaves David Cameron nursing a huge headache as he struggles to fulfil his promise to reduce that figure to the "tens of thousands" by the next General Election in 2015.

The survey for Oxford University's Migration Observatory revealed that 69 per cent agreed that the amount of immigrants coming to the UK should be reduced.

In two of the five regions studied – the Midlands and Wales, and the South – that figure jumped to 75 per cent while in the North it was 71 per cent.

Even in the lowest-ranked area London – with 46 per cent – residents said they were in favour of tightening the country's borders.

In Scotland, 56 per cent agreed that immigration should be either "reduced a lot" or "reduced a little".

When asked if they thought numbers should be increased – a "lot" or a "little" – Scotland topped the table with 22 per cent support. London was second with just 7.9 per cent.

The average was less than three per cent in favour of increasing migration.
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Immigration – illegal immigrants, sanctuary, Bible, USA
The Use and Abuse of the Bible in the Immigration Debate
James K. Hoffmeier, Professor of Old Testament and Near Eastern Archaeology at Trinity International University
Center for Immigration Studies, December 2011

... So it is somewhat surprising that in the current debate about the status of illegal immigrants, the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible is regularly cited in defense of the illegal. Debra Haffner, a Unitarian Universalist minister – a denomination not known for taking Scripture seriously – offered a recent critique of the Arizona illegal immigration law in the Washington Post online (May 25, 2010), saying "It's as if the 70 percent of Arizonans who support the law have forgotten the Biblical injunction to 'love the stranger for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.'" This verse and others like it are frequently quoted in the name of "justice" for the illegal immigrant. ...

A second area where advocates for illegal immigrants rely on the Bible (whether they know it or not) is the "sanctuary city movement" that defies the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act. Cities like New York, New Haven, Minneapolis, San Francisco, and Denver have declared themselves to be "sanctuary cities" and will not cooperate with federal authorities in matters related to illegal immigrants. Some churches have even permitted their facilities to be so-called sanctuaries for illegals.

As an Old Testament scholar I was first intrigued by the fact that the Bible was even being used in the immigration debate, and yet knew that the Bible was not being read seriously. So I decided to do just that. ...

The very positive statements about the treatment of strangers in the Bible, some of which were already quoted, show compassion for the alien in ancient Israel. The defenders of illegal aliens point to these passages as the rationale for rewriting current laws. The problem is that they make a simplistic correlation between the ancient Israelite social law and the modern situation as if the Bible was addressing the same problem. ...

Regarding the first, the answer is unequivocal. Nations small and large had clearly recognizable borders, typically demarcated by natural features such as rivers, valleys, and mountain ranges, much as they are today. ... Permits akin to the modern visa were issued to people entering another land. ...

The Israelites were well aware of the need to respect territorial sovereignty. ... ...

From the foregoing texts we can conclude that in the ancient biblical world, countries had borders that were protected and respected, and that foreigners who wanted to reside in another country had to obtain some sort of permission in order to be considered an alien with certain rights and privileges. The delineation between the "alien" or "stranger" (ger) and the foreigner (nekhar or zar) in biblical law is stark indeed. ... These passages from the Law make plain that aliens or strangers received all the benefits and protection of a citizen, whereas the foreigner (nekhar) did not. It is wrong, therefore, to confuse these two categories of foreigners and then to use passages regarding the ger as if they were relevant to illegal immigrants of today.
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Immigration
Migration in 2010 at record high
Daily Telegraph, 24 November 2011

Net migration to Britain last year hit a record high, according to official figures published today.

The Office for National Statistics said that net migration in 2010 was 252,000 - the highest calendar year figure on record.

The ONS said that while immigration was steady at 591,000, the rise in the net figure was due to a fall in the number of people leaving the country.

In all, 339,000 people emigrated from the UK - the lowest level of emigration since 2001.

Emigration by non-British citizens also fell to 203,000 from a peak of 255,000 in 2008.

The ONS said fewer people were leaving the country from the UK for work-related reasons.
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Immigration – European Union
Brussels orders Britain to let in more migrants from around the world
Macer Hall
Daily Express, 19 November 2011

Eurocrats ignited outrage last night by ordering Britain to open its doors to a fresh wave of mass immigration from around the world.

In a highly provocative diktat from Brussels the European Commission urged the EU's 27 member nations to admit millions more newcomers from beyond Europe's borders and adopt welcoming "migrant-centred" policies.

"To ensure prosperity, Europe must become a more attractive destination in the global competition for talent," said a document from the EU's ruling body.

It also made clear that new measures to "facilitate and organise legal immigration" to EU nations from eastern Europe, Asia and a string of North African countries were already on the way.

The astonishing open-door border policy, outlined in a "renewed EU migration strategy" published by the Commission, triggered a furious backlash in Britain yesterday.

Euro-MP Gerard Batten, the UK Independence Party's immigration spokesman, said: "This is the EU calling for yet more migration.

Many of those migrants will gravitate to the UK.

"These migrants will either take jobs, thus making our unemployment situation worse, or end up on benefits costing the state even more money."

Tory MP Philip Hollobone said: "Most British people will be absolutely horrified by this latest proposal from the European Commission.

"It flies in the face of their fundamental concern that, as a country, we are already full up and there is no space for any more migrants.

"This is a threat to open the floodgates."

Sir Andrew Green, of the pressure group MigrationWatch, said: "This document is gobbledygook. The only good news is that we are not part of their visa system."

But Eurocrats claimed that more immigration into Europe was needed to help boost the continent's economy.

"The EU needs to boost its relationships with non-EU states to better reap the mutual benefits migration can bring," said the migration strategy document published in Brussels.

It claimed that a new border policy was needed following the Arab Spring political upheaval in North Africa and the Middle East this year.

Among proposals in the strategy was a series of new "Mobility Partnerships" to be offered to the EU's immediate neighbours and Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt.

"These partnerships are focused on facilitating and organising legal migration, effective and humane measures to address irregular migration, and concrete steps towards reinforcing the development outcomes of migration," the document said.

"Concluding visa facilitation and readmission agreements are to be part of these partnerships," the document added.

Among the aims was to "make EU action more migrant-centred, with the aim of empowering migrants and strengthening their human rights in countries of origin, transit and destination."
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Immigration – spouses
Workers face curb on bringing foreign-born spouses to UK
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 16 November 2011

Up to half the working population of Britain are to be banned from bringing a foreign-born wife or husband into the country under proposals being considered by the Home Office.

The government's migration advisory committee has recommended that those wishing to bring a spouse or child to live in Britain on a family visa should have a minimum salary before tax of between £18,700 and £25,700 to ensure they are not a burden on the state.

David Cameron first raised the idea in a speech on immigration last month, when he said more than 70% of UK-based sponsors of family visas had post-tax earnings of less than £20,000 a year.

"When the income level of the sponsor is this low, there is an obvious risk that the migrants and their family will become a significant burden on the welfare system and the taxpayer," the prime minister said.

The largest group of people banned from coming to Britain under the proposal would be women from India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. ...

The migration advisory committee report, published on Wednesday, recommends that the current annual earnings threshold for UK residents sponsoring family visas should be raised from the current £5,500 after tax to between £18,700 and £25,700 before tax.

Almost 50,000 family visas are granted to immediate relatives of British residents every year.

The lower threshold of £18,700, set at the point at which somebody is no longer eligible to claim welfare benefits, would exclude 45% – about 22,500 people – from bringing their husband, wife or children into the country to live with them. The higher threshold of £25,700 would exclude 63%, about 33,000, from applying for a family visa.

The advisory committee said about 25% of the British population in full-time work would be excluded by the new lower limit and around 50% of the working population would be barred from bringing in their foreign-born wives or husbands under the proposals.

For those wishing to bring in a wife and two children, the minimum threshold would be set at between £24,800 and £47,600 in order for them not to be a burden on the state.

The lower earnings threshold is based on the point at which an adult is no longer eligible for benefits or tax credits, while the higher is the point at which the sponsor makes a net contribution in terms of tax.
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Immigration – public opinion
Migrationwatch UK petition on immigration tops 100,000
BBC, 8 November 2011

An online petition urging ministers to curb immigration has gained more than 100,000 signatures in a week - making it eligible for a Commons debate.

Migrationwatch UK's e-petition calls for "all necessary steps" to stop the UK's population exceeding 70 million. ...

E-petition rules state that if an issue tops 100,000 signatures on the government's dedicated website before a deadline, it becomes eligible for a possible debate in the House of Commons.

Campaign group chairman Sir Andrew Green acknowledged that MPs were not obliged to debate the petition.

But he added: "It would be amazing if they tried to brush aside such a powerful expression of public opinion on an issue crucial to the future of our society".
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Immigration – illegal immigrants
Kavanagh: Welcome to Britain... we'll have anyone
Trevor Kavanagh
The Sun, 7 November 2011

A legion of 124,000 unidentified people has "gone missing".

It's as if the entire population of Norwich disappeared without trace.

Yet these unchecked immigrants have not vanished.

Thanks to Whitehall's unimaginable incompetence, they are hiding in plain sight on the streets of our crowded cities.

They are just the tip of an iceberg. The Home Office refuses to give a figure, but the true number of illegal migrants over the past ten years is close to a million.

That's more than all the men, women and children who live in Birmingham – our second-biggest city.
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Immigration – public opinion
Politicians 'can do little on migration fears'
Dominic Casciani
BBC, 16 October 2011

Immigration policy may be stuck between a "rock and a hard place" in dealing with public concerns, says an Oxford University report.

The study found people were most concerned about groups of immigrants politicians could do little to cut.

The research by the university's Migration Observatory found broad overall support for cutting immigration to the UK, although less in Scotland. ...

It asked respondents whom they referred to as immigrants and whether they wanted cuts to specific categories, such as asylum seekers, workers or students.

The report found approximately 70% of people want a cut in immigrants, broadly supporting previous surveys. A fifth said they thought immigration should stay at current levels.

Six out of 10 people thought the most likely reason someone came to the UK was for asylum, followed by just over half saying migrants mainly arrived to work.

This contrasted sharply with official statistics that show students make up the largest group of immigrants, followed by workers. Approximately 4% of all migrants in 2009 were asylum seekers.

This difference between actual and perceived trends could be seen when people described who they wanted to see cut.

Students came last on the list, but 56% of people wanted fewer asylum seekers.

The group that people were most concerned about was low-skilled workers.

The UK has a standing ban on unskilled workers from outside the EU, introduced by the previous Labour government, but cannot restrict the movement of EU citizens.

Scott Blinder, lead author of the report, said the team had tried to get behind blunt questions on immigration and establish whether public concerns mirrored government priorities.

He said that while the public wanted less immigration, a majority were concerned about the groups that it was most difficult for the government to reduce. ...

Ipsos Mori surveyed 1,002 people between 2 and 8 September for the Oxford study. Approximately 11% of those sampled were born abroad, 5% of them being British citizens.
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Immigration – public opinion
Study uncovers Britain's 'real views' on immigration
The Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford, 16 October 2011

A report, released today by Oxford University's Migration Observatory, says the British public's 'real views' on the type of migrants coming to the UK have been obscured by a focus on numbers.

'Thinking Behind the Numbers: Understanding public opinion on immigration in Britain' is the first systematic analysis of who people in Britain really think of as 'immigrants', and of how people's views differ substantially toward different immigrant groups.

The report shows that, while public opinion in Britain clearly favours a reduction in the number of immigrants coming to Britain, the majority of the public are concerned about immigrant groups that are most difficult for the government to reduce - asylum seekers and low skilled workers (who come primarily from the EU).

There is comparatively little public interest in reducing numbers among the immigrant groups that the government can cut more easily (skilled workers from outside the EU and foreign students). ...

Key findings include:

• Seven in ten people in the UK (69%) support reductions in immigration - this is in line with previous surveys.

• People's preferences for reducing immigration are not focussed on the largest groups. The largest group of legal migrants - students (37% of immigrants to the UK in 2009) is of the lowest concern to British people, while the smallest group - asylum seekers (4% of immigrants to the UK in 2009) - is of the highest concern.

• Preferences for reducing immigration are most common where government faces more constraints: The most commonly chosen targets for reductions include asylum seekers (56% of respondents) and low-skilled workers (64% of respondents). International conventions and EU membership constrain the UK Government in reducing numbers from either group.

• Opposition to immigration is often focussed on 'illegal' immigrants. A majority of those who wanted to see immigration as a whole reduced felt that reductions should target 'only' or 'mostly' illegal immigration. Even among those who would like to see overall immigration kept the same or increased, a majority would like to see illegal immigration reduced, suggesting a very broad consensus.

• There is more public support for reducing permanent migration (57% of respondents) than temporary migration (47% of respondents). There is broad opposition to unskilled migrant workers (64%) and low levels of opposition to skilled migrants (32%).
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Immigration – European Union
Blue Labour peer returns with call to look again at European immigration
Allegra Stratton
The Guardian, 26 September 2011

Half of Britain's universities should be shut down and turned into vocational colleges, and immigration treaties with Europe ought to be renegotiated, "blue Labour" peer Maurice Glasman has said in Liverpool.

Lord Glasman launched the ideas as part of a package of measures for Labour to improve opportunities for the working class, whose estrangement from the party has caused concern.

Speaking at a conference fringe meeting, ... He repeated comments on immigration he made in the summer and immediately recanted amid protests from other party members.

Despite intense criticism then and a period of silence in contrition, Glasman said : "I would like to see a discussion about movement of labour. The idea that workers in Poland are working in an equivalent economic space to workers here is just not true. Wages are far, far lower there, so the incentives to move and come where wages are higher – that disrupts family life, that disrupts economic growth in Poland and creates a dependent culture. I think we should have a treaty change to stop it. Renegotiating treaties. Going back to the roots of the EU protection of workers and land."
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Immigration – public opinion
Volunteering at ten year low in blow to Big Society
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 23 September 2011

Volunteering and community participation is at a ten year low in a blow to David Cameron's Big Society agenda.

Just 39 per cent of people took part in some form of volunteering in the last year, the lowest level since 2001, according to the Government's annual Citizenship Survey.

Similarly, only a third of people took part in civic events such as a demonstration or petition, or contacting a local politician – also the lowest for a decade. ...

However, the survey, published by the Department for Communities and Local Government, found cohesion and the fear of crime is improving in towns and cities.

The survey, which questions about 15,000 adults, found 86 per cent thought people from different backgrounds got on well together in their area, compared with 80 per cent in 2003.

Some 78 per cent said they felt they belonged strongly to their neighbourhood, compared to 70 per cent almost a decade ago.

Two thirds of people are also not worried about being a victim of crime in their area, compared with 55 per cent in 2005.

In other issues, three in four people think immigration in to the UK should be cut, including half who say it should be reduced by "a lot".
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Immigration – costs, numbers
How 2m East Europeans signed to get UK benefit
Alison Little
Daily Express, 12 September 2011

Fresh evidence of how Labour "opened the floodgates" to workers from eastern Europe has emerged – with details showing how nearly two million signed up to one key "control" scheme.

Figures given to Parliament revealed that in total, two million applications were accepted for the Worker Registration Scheme from citizens of the A8 countries of eastern Europe, which joined the EU in 2004.

The scheme, which began in May 2004 and ended on April 30 this year, was designed to establish the incomers' legal right to work in the UK and to claim certain benefits.

The figures, from Immigration Minister Damian Green, revealed the nationalities of applicants.

Poland was the biggest source of would-be workers at 1.2 million. It was followed by Lithuania, Slovakia, Latvia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Estonia and Slovenia, from which only 1,700 applications were received.

The table also revealed how rarely people were turned down, with 1.92 million approved and just 13,368, 0.7 per cent, refused.

Previous research has suggested how even the high figures on the scheme will significantly underestimate total immigration, as some, including the self-employed, were not required to register and an unknown number will simply not have done so.

The figures fuelled further criticism of Labour for giving the A8 citizens full working rights here when most other EU countries kept them out of their jobs markets for as long as possible. The numbers arriving vastly outstripped Labour's predictions of just 13,000 a year.

Under the scheme, registered nationals of the eight countries who were working could potentially qualify for in-work support such as tax credits and housing and council tax benefits if they were on low incomes.

After 12 months of uninterrupted work, they might also be entitled to other payments such as Jobseeker's Allowance.

The scheme ended this year under the EU's seven-year limit on restrictions covering people from new member states. Since May 1, A8 nationals have had the same access to our labour market and benefits as those from other EU countries.

The Government vows it has tough rules in place to prevent abuse and "benefit tourism".

Migrants will be able to claim income-related benefits only if they have a right to live here and are "habitually resident", though ministers have previously admitted this could mean being here for as little as a month.

Tougher UK restrictions remain on people from the newest EU states, Bulgaria and Romania, and the coalition has promised strict rules on those from countries joining in future. Tory MP Anne Main, who obtained the figures, said: "Labour opened the floodgates, which decimated our chance to grow the labour market and job opportunities for people in the UK.

"They laid us open to benefit tourism and massive immigration of people seeking jobs.

"For the number of refusals under the scheme to be so low means the bar must have been set very low.

"And now, needing to be here for as little as a month to get benefits, opens our benefits pot to people who are here almost on an extended holiday."
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Immigration – numbers
Seven million foreigners living in Britain as immigration rises by a fifth
Tom Whitehead and Tim Ross
Daily Telegraph, 26 August 2011

The number of foreigners living in Britain has passed seven million for the first time after net immigration rose by a fifth. ...

Residents born overseas account for one in eight people after hitting 7,040,000 last year, according to the Office for National Statistics.

Some 239,000 more people moved here during 2010 than left, the fourth highest level on record, and a record one in four births were to foreign-born mothers. ...

Other figures yesterday showed that a record 241,000 people were granted settlement in 2010, while the number of illegal immigrants and failed asylum seekers removed from the country hit a 10-year low with just 11,388 leaving between April and June this year. ...

There was also a renewed surge of migrants from Eastern Europe, with a net inflow of 39,000 last year, an eight-fold increase on 2009. ...

For the first time in 2010, more than a quarter of babies born during the year were born to foreign mothers.
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Immigration – numbers
Net immigration up by more than 20%
Wesley Johnson
The Independent, 25 August 2011

Plummeting numbers of people leaving the UK to live abroad and the influx of migrants from Eastern Europe led to a 21% increase in net migration last year, figures showed today.

The number of people coming to the UK for more than a year, less the number leaving, hit 239,000, the second highest annual figure on record and the fourth highest figure for any 12-month period since records began.

Analysts and campaigners said it would make it "more difficult than ever" for the Government to fulfil its pledge to cut net migration to the tens of thousands by 2015.

The Government has no control over those leaving the UK and long-term emigration fell from 427,000 in 2008 to 336,000 last year, estimates from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) showed.

Long-term immigration remained constant overall at about 575,000, but the number of Poles and other eastern Europeans coming to the UK continued to rise.

Net migration from the so-called A8 countries which joined the EU in May 2004 - Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - rose almost eight-fold last year to 39,000 from 5,000 in 2009, the ONS said.

The number of Poles living in the UK has risen from 75,000 in 2003 to 532,000 at the end of last year, other ONS figures showed. ...

A record 241,000 migrants also settled permanently in the UK last year, largely because tens of thousands of asylum seekers whose cases were in a backlog were allowed to stay. ...

The increase to 239,000 from 198,000 in 2009 was the second highest year-end figure since records began in 1991, behind 245,000 in December 2004, but it was down slightly from 242,000 in the 12-months to September 2010.

It was also the fourth highest figure for any 12-month period on record, behind 260,000 in the year ending June 2005, 245,000 in the year ending December 2004, and 242,000 in the year ending September 2010.

Study remained the most common reason for those coming to the UK, with three in four of the 228,000 who came to the UK for study coming from outside the EU.
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Immigration – numbers
(No title)
Daily Telegraph, 25 August 2011
[Leading article]

However, it is gross immigration that matters. Last year, this stood at 575,000 and it has been running at more than half a million since 2004. Some are British people returning home but four fifths are non-UK nationals. At the same time, the number of foreign nationals going back to their homelands in 2010 declined to around 185,000; so the annual addition to the country's foreign-born population is about 250,000 – by far the largest influx of overseas citizens in our history. Moreover, nearly 200,000 non-EU immigrants obtained British citizenship last year and the number granted settlement – a precursor to a full passport - grew to a record 241,000. Many of these are families rather than students or unattached workers: one child in four is now born to a mother from outside the UK.

As recently as 15 years ago, Whitehall planners worked on the long-term assumption that net immigration would run at about 50,000 a year, as it did until 1997. Indeed, the latest figures are the legacy of Labour's abject failure to control our borders or exercise the option to restrict eastern European immigration. They also show that Mr Cameron's hopes of fulfilling his pledge by 2015 are forlorn.
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Immigration – public opinion
Seven in 10 think there are too many migrants in Britain
Daily Telegraph, 5 August 2011

Seven in 10 Britons believe there are too many immigrants in the country, a poll reveals.

Three in four agreed that immigration has placed too much pressure on public services, while three in five agreed that it had made it harder for Britons to get jobs.

Just one in four thought immigration had been good for the economy, the survey of 1,000 people showed.

... Ashish Prashar, of Ipsos Mori who carried out the poll, said: "Clearly, people in Britain are concerned how immigration is affecting their employment opportunities; the strain on public services; and impact on a sluggish economy."

The Global @dvisor survey of more than 17,000 people in 23 countries showed that only Russians (77 per cent) and Belgians (72 per cent) were more likely than Britons (71 per cent) to agree that there were too many immigrants in their country.
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Immigration – emigration, Poland
Poland population dropped by a million since joining EU
Matthew Day
Daily Telegraph, 22 July 2011

Hundreds of thousands of Poles left their country after EU accession in May 2004 to work in the unrestricted labour markets of Britain and Ireland, with some estimates putting the number working abroad at over two million.

The population of Poland has dropped from 38 million to 36 million and experts now believe that many have no intention of returning.

Professor Krystyna Iglicka, a demographer at the Warsaw Centre for International Relations who has studied Polish, British and Irish migration statistics, believes that up to a million have moved permanently.

"These are people that are already settled. They have jobs and they've set up families, and they don't have any intention of leaving," she told the Daily Telegraph.

The surging growth of the Britain's Polish population is borne out by figures from the UK's Office of National Statistics. Back in 2004 there were only 95,000 Polish-born people living in the UK and Poland came 12th on the list of countries of birth. But by September 2010 the number had jumped to 521,000, and Poland was second only to India. ...

"But you have to remember that despite the Polish economy doing well salaries are still better in the UK than back home, especially for young people, and there are more opportunities" explained Prof. Iglicka. "Even those who tried to come back found there were less opportunities in Poland than in Britain. People feel more secure in Britain, and, importantly, feel more secure about having children." ...

The loss of a million people could damage the Polish economy in the long run. With the vast majority of migrants being young, tax revenue could eventually fall and place greater pressure on resources allocated to dealing with an ageing population.
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Immigration – benefits, employment, costs
No surprise that migrants head for soft-touch Britain
Leo McKinstry
Daily Express, 14 July 2011

The transformation of Britain through mass immigration continues to gather pace. Never in history has our country been through a social revolution like this one.

The extent of the upheaval was emphasised this week by new statistics which show that more migrants permanently settle in Britain than in any other European nation.

According to the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, no fewer than 397,000 foreigners decided to live here in 2009, an increase of 14 per cent on the previous year and by far the biggest annual increase in the developed world. Most other European countries actually saw significant falls in the number of settlers. ...

Through a barrage of propaganda they claim that ever-widening cultural diversity not only creates a more vibrant society but also boosts our economy, since migrants supposedly work much harder than the idlers of the indigenous population.

But this hysterical cheerleading for mass immigration is a crude exercise in political deceit. The idea that all migrants come here to work hard is just nonsense, as is the argument that our economy would instantly collapse without the heroic contribution of foreign labour.

The truth is the opposite. Immigration has imposed a savage burden on our country, leading to strains on our public infrastructure. So many of our essential services, from the electricity grid to the NHS, are now grossly over-stretched.

It is no coincidence that as immigration has accelerated, so our debts have risen and living standards fallen. Perhaps worst of all, social security has been plunged into crisis by the colossal demand for benefits from migrants. The fact is that millions of foreigners are drawn here not by the jobs market but by our welfare state that dishes out vast sums to migrants who have made no contribution to our society.

These scroungers know that Britain is a soft touch. They recognise that they can have a better life here leeching off the taxpayer than working in their own country.

That is why, even at a time of increasing unemployment, immigration continues to increase rapidly. It is also why hordes of young men from Africa and Asia gather in the northern ports of France desperate to get to the lucrative honeypot of the British welfare state.

All too typically the European Union has encouraged this climate of entitlement among migrants to Britain. Only this week it emerged that Brussels has written to the Department for Work and Pensions warning that benefits should not be withheld from foreigners who move here, even if they have never worked in Britain. ...

At least 155,000 illegal immigrants who should be thrown out are living here on benefits. Immigrants are far more likely to be unemployed and dependent on the state than British people. Some 52 per cent of Turks and 50 per cent of Pakistanis are economically inactive, compared to 18 per cent of the UK-born population.

The idea that we owe the world a living is grotesque. It is shattering the principles of social justice on which our welfare system is based. ...

That spirit has disappeared completely due to Government weakness and EU intervention. We will only rebuild the integrity of our welfare state if we regain control of our national destiny.
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Immigration – numbers
Britain is Europe's top destination for permanent migrants
Daniel Martin
Daily Mail, 13 July 2011

More immigrants settle permanently in Britain than any other country in Europe, a study revealed yesterday.

The latest figures showed that 397,900 foreigners decided to live here in 2009 – second in the world only to the U.S.

The figure marked a rise of 14 per cent from the previous year. It was the largest increase in the developed world, at a time when most countries saw dramatic falls in the number of permanent settlers.

The study, from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, said the increase was largely down to family members coming to stay with those already in Britain, and the large number of foreign students living here. ...

The OECD report shows Britain is one of the only countries where the level of permanent migration increased in the years after the credit crunch.

The number of permanent migrants here is exceeded only by the U.S., where 1.1 million people settled permanently – up 2 per cent on the previous year.

France had only 178,700 new settlers – down 7 per cent – and Germany 197,500, down 13 per cent. In Ireland, the total fell by 42 per cent to 38,900.

The number of people settling in Britain has risen by more than 50 per cent since 2003.

The report by the OECD, which represents developed nations, said: 'Most countries saw declines in permanent migration in 2009, almost half showing falls of 10 per cent or more.'

It said Britain actually saw a fall of more than a quarter in the number of people coming for work, but the total of permanent settlers went up because those who had moved here on temporary visas opted to stay, 'especially but not exclusively international students'.

It added: 'This, along with increases in family migration and in movements for other reasons, more than offset what would have otherwise been a demand-induced decline.'
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Immigration – population
Tougher immigration reforms 'not enough' to meet Cameron's target
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 21 June 2011

The population will still be rising by 167,000 a year in four years' time because of immigration, according to research by Oxford University academics.

The Migration Observatory warned that David Cameron would miss his 2015 target of cutting immigration levels to the "tens of thousands" because planned reforms do not go far enough.

The Prime Minister has promised to reduce net immigration – the difference between those arriving and those leaving the country – to below 100,000 by the end of the parliament.

But the figure is currently 242,000 a year and an analysis by the Migration Observatory warned that planned cuts in a number of visa regimes would only get Mr Cameron halfway towards his target.

It is a further headache for the Government, which has seen net immigration flows increase for five quarters in a row and hit a six-year high.
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Immigration – politics
David Cameron: Lib Dems have put brakes on migrant crackdown
Martyn Brown
Daily Express, 21 June 2011

David Cameron hinted at a backtrack on immigration yesterday as he blamed the Liberal Democrats for stifling attempts to slash numbers.

The Prime Minister said a Conservative-led Government would have taken "further steps" and had a "tougher" approach to controlling immigration.

His comments appear to pave the way for a softening of his stance on a pledge to tackle net migration and looks set to spark another major Coalition rift.

And they come as a report today warns Government plans to cut net migration to the "tens of thousands" in four years are likely to fail.

Mr Cameron wants to bring annual net migration down from the current 242,000 to below 100,000 by 2015. But he suggested yesterday that his party's partnership with the Lib Dems was making it difficult.

Everyone has to make "compromises" in a coalition, he told BBC Radio 2.

"If I was running a Conservative-only Government I think we would be making further steps on things like immigration control or making sure our welfare reforms were absolutely making sure that if you're not prepared to work you can't go on welfare. ...

Earlier this year he warned that mass immigration had wrecked the social fabric and wiped out any sense of community in many areas.

He promised to bring immigration under control and down to the levels seen under Margaret Thatcher.

"No ifs, no buts," he said. "That's a promise we made to the British people. And it's a promise we are keeping."
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Immigration
Off Target: Government policies are not on track to reducing net-migration to the tens of thousands by 2015
The Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford, 20 June 2011

The Government's efforts to reduce net migration are built around the restriction of three migration inflow routes for non-EU nationals – work, study and family – and one primary effort to boost outflows of non-EU nationals – changes to settlement policy designed to "break the link" between short-term migration and settlement. (One other effort to boost outflows has also been introduced in the form of changes to the post study work route, though this is considerably smaller than the changes to settlement policy).

Of the inflows, students account for the largest proportion – around 60 per cent of non-EU immigration in 2009 with the work route and family route contributing approximately 20 per cent each. The Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) has recommended that for the government to reach its target of reducing net migration to less than 100,000 each of these routes of non-EU inflows should deliver a proportionate cut in numbers – therefore 20 per cent of the required cuts to non EU net migration should come from each of the work and family routes, and 60 per cent should come from the student route.

Working on the basis of the latest ONS migration estimates, which estimate UK net migration to be 242,000 in the year up to September 2010, this would require the government to reduce net migration by a total of 142,000 to achieve the target of net migration reaching the "tens of thousands". The inability of the Government to control the movement of EU (including British) citizens means that the 142,000 reduction in net-migration must be achieved by reductions to non-EU net migration. If each of the work, study and family inflow routes for non-EU nationals takes a proportionate share in this required cut, the respective reductions in net migration would have to be as follows:

• Students: 85,200

• Work: 28,400

• Family: 28,400

If we assume that, without any policy changes, net-migration would continue to grow over the next few years, the required overall reduction in non-EU net-migration would need to be greater than 142,000 in order to achieve the tens of thousands objective by 2015. This means that the required cuts for each of the three routes would need to be greater than the figures given above. ...

In summary, based on the government's own impact assessments, the changes to the work and student routes are expected to reduce net-migration by 67,000 by 2015 (56,000 students with their dependents and 11,000 work migrants including their dependents).

If we assume that net-migration of family unification will be reduced by about 8,000 (a generous assumption) the total achieved reductions in net-migration of non-EU nationals by 2015 would be around 75,000 relative to what would happen to net-migration without any policy change. Assuming modest increases in net-migration without policy change (an assumption also made in the government's impact assessments), this constitutes roughly about half of the reduction in non-EU net migration required by 2015. This estimate is based on a number of generous assumptions, so it is more likely to be an over-estimate rather than an under-estimate. The actual achieved reduction in Non-EU net-migration may well be less than 75,000. ...
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Immigration – employment
One in a hundred Slovakians has come to live in Britain
John Bingham
Daily Telegraph, 13 June 2011

Almost one per cent of the entire population of Slovakia is living in Britain, figures show.

Slovakians are the fastest growing foreign-born group living and working in the UK since the opening of the workforce to citizens of new European Union member states.

An estimated 52,000 people born in the country, which gained independence in 1993, are resident in Britain. ...

Based on a recent estimate from the Office for National Statistics, it also represents a sixfold increase in the Slovakian population since 2004, ... ...

Overall the number of people born in the main batch of "new" EU member states now living in Britain has increased eightfold to 508,000.
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Immigration
David Cameron must stop immigrants walking all over us
Leo McKinstry
Sunday Express, 5 June 2011

The disastrous social revolution inflicted by mass immigration continues to gather pace.

The flood tide of new arrivals to our shores is still rising despite the overwhelming opposition of the British public to this far-reaching change. Sadly for our country there is no sign that the Government has the guts to tackle the problem. ...

Pathetically just 10 per cent of all bogus refugees have been deported from this country while the Home Office has also admitted it has lost track of another 75,000 asylum-seekers, now swelling the vast army of illegal immigrants in our towns. ...

It sends out the message to economic migrants from all over the world that Britain is the softest of touches. The 160,000 refugees given leave to remain last week will impose an oppressive new burden on our society.

Not only will they now be eligible to claim the full panoply of welfare benefits they will also be able to bring over all their relatives. What is entirely absent from the Government is any political will.

Ministers and officials could get tough if they wanted, as they have in many areas. When it comes to immigration, however, even the Conservatives are paralysed by the dogma of political correctness. Eager to brandish their enthusiasm for diversity and terrified of accusations of racism they do nothing.

Indeed under the coalition the situation is becoming even worse.

Recent figures show that the number of immigrants who arrived over the past year was 586,000, the largest total in history and more than twice the population of a major city such as Nottingham. Immigration Minister Damian Green, a classic wet Tory, confessed the system is "out of control" though his handwringing tones hardly inspired confidence that he would sort it. ...

Since 1997 our nation has been changed out of all recognition. Much of our urban environment does not even resemble Britain any longer but is more like Lahore or Lagos. In large parts of cities such as Leicester or Bradford Britons are now aliens in their own land.

For all the noisy propaganda from the metropolitan elite about the joys of multiculturalism, mass immigration has shattered our social cohesion, particularly because most new arrivals hail from Africa and Asia.

Our society is now beset by problems that would have been unthinkable only a couple of decades ago, such as Islamic extremism, African witchcraft, honour killings, the spread of sharia law, gangland shootings and stabbings, ethnic strife and ballot box fraud.

Only last week health chiefs admitted that Britain now has the highest rate of tuberculosis in Europe, with the disease "out of control" in London. ...

Another fashionable myth cultivated by Left-wingers is the idea that all migrants come here to work.

In truth migrants have significantly higher rates of welfare dependency and joblessness than indigenous Britons, not least because many of them are attracted by our insanely generous benefits system. ...

What is really required is a complete freeze on immigration, at least for a couple of years, accompanied by a rigorous programme of deportations of illegal migrants.
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Immigration
Rise in migration shatters Coalition pledge
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 27 May 2011

Immigration has risen to its highest level for six years in a major blow to the Coalition's pledge to cut numbers.

The number of people coming into Britain rose by almost half last year and is now close to the record levels of 2005.

It is the fifth quarter in a row that net immigration has risen, signalling a worrying trend.

Two of the main factors were a slump in departures and a sharp rise in Eastern Europeans coming to Britain for work – two areas that will not be affected by an annual cap or other measures. Figures from the Office for National Statistics yesterday also showed:

• The number of foreign workers increased by 1.7 million in the past decade and accounted for all the increase in employment levels over the period

• Work visas increased by six per cent in the year to March 2011

• Asylum claims increased by 11 per cent

• Migrants granted settlement in Britain increased by four per cent. ...

The office said net immigration hit 242,000 in the year to September 2010.

That was a 45 per cent increase on mid-2009 and the highest level since June 2005, when it reached 260,000.

In total, 344,000 people left Britain over the period while 586,000 arrived. ... ...

Other figures showed the number of work visas granted in the year to last March increased by six per cent to 161,815.
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Immigration – politics
These immigration figures should give David Cameron sleepless nights
Norman Tebbit
Daily Telegraph website, 27 May 2011

The latest figures on immigration are a body blow to the Coalition. Many electors voted Conservative in the belief that David Cameron had the will and strength to cut immigration. It seems that he lacks one or the other, or both. ...

Now on top of all that come the latest figures showing the rising tide of foreigners, putting further strain on housing, schools, power, water and transport and health infrastructure. Last year the number of people coming into our country from overseas increased by almost 50 per cent. We are almost back to the record levels set by Blair. Fewer people are now leaving Britain and more and more are pouring in. Many are from central Europe, and to be fair they are mostly coming here to work, doing jobs declined by our native unemployed.

They, of course, need no visas or work permits and – short of leaving the EU – there is nothing that we can do about that. However, even where we are allowed to defend our own borders the Lib-Dem/Con Coalition granted 6 per cent more work permits than Mr Brown's government did in its last year of office.

Belatedly, a cap on non-EU migrants was imposed last month, but the Coalition is still trying to bring Turkey into the EEC which would unleash a new uncontrolled wave of immigration. Ministers look on, but do nothing, as the Judiciary blocks the deportation of foreign criminals and blithely puts the interests of foreign law-breakers ahead of those of the law-abiding British. Nor has anything been done to stop the admission of asylum seekers on the grounds that they would be happier here than in their own countries.
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Immigration – numbers, reliability and meaningfulness of data
Net Weight: Focusing only on net migration doesn't show the whole picture [part 1]
The Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford, 26 May 2011

The suite of information in today's quarterly migration figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) tells us some interesting things – long-term net migration continues to increase, emigration has declined and there has been a substantial rise in immigration of both students and migrants from the former Eastern European nations that joined the EU in 2004 (A8 countries).

But the current focus of the public debate about these statistics is the latest figures for long-term net-migration, which the Government is aiming to reduce to the tens of thousands by the end of parliament.

But this creates a profound problem for public debate and immigration policy: focusing only on long-term net migration - the level of immigration minus emigration of people who intend to migrate for at least one year – risks failing to consider other vital data about migration in the UK – not least, how many migrants are actually here.

There are, of course, many ways that one can pick apart the UK's migration figures - as outlined in the Migration Observatory's report on the Top 10 Problems in the Evidence Base for Immigration in the UK. ONS figures on emigration, immigration and, by extension, net-migration are based on survey data that are subject to considerable margins of error. For example, in 2009 emigration was estimated to be between 315,800 and 359,100, a range of over 43,000.

In addition to this there are substantial differences in the level and changes of net migration suggested by different ONS data sources – in 2009 the Long Term International Migration (LTIM) estimates for net migration of non-British citizens were 242,000 (only slightly lower than the 2008 figure) while the change in the stock of non-British residents based on Annual Population Survey (APS) figures was 175,000 (significantly lower than the 2008 figure). These two data sources measure slightly different aspects of migration but this large discrepancy has not yet been fully explained.

So, we can conclude from this that there is a substantial level of uncertainty about what the actual net migration figures really are. But even if this problem were overcome by a radical improvement in the data there would still be an inescapable issue – on its own net-migration does not tell us the whole story about changes to migration and the migrant population in the UK.

The overall net migration figure used in public debate and by Government to define and measure its policy target includes migration of British citizens and excludes short-term migrants (defined as those planning to stay/leave for less than one year).

Consequently, even if the UK manages to achieve lower or even negative long-term net migration (a hypothetical scenario), it doesn't mean that there will be a corresponding reduction in the growth of the total migrant population (including short-term migrants). If the reduction in long-term net-migration is accompanied by an increase in short-term migration, the growth in the stock of migrants in the UK may not change - it may even increase.
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Immigration – numbers, reliability and meaningfulness of data
Net Weight: Focusing only on net migration doesn't show the whole picture [part 2]
The Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford, 26 May 2011

We may well see the number of short-term migrants in the UK rise in the near future. For example, recent changes to Tier 1 and 2 mean that people who have entered the UK through intra-company transfers who wish to stay for longer than one year must meet a minimum salary threshold of £40,000 per year – but those staying for less than a year can be paid £24,000 to £40,000. It would not be surprising to see a significant increase in the number of intra-company transfers who come to work in the UK for just under a year.

Changes in overall net-migration also may mislead by combining British, EU, and non-EU migration into a single figure. Reductions in overall-net migration may be accompanied by increases in the net-migration of non-British migrants. If more British citizens leave the UK, and assuming nothing else changes, this would lower overall net migration, but leave the number of non-British migrants entering and staying in the UK unaffected. By the same token, reductions in non-British immigration may be masked by reductions in British emigration.

Net migration also ignores actual immigration numbers – there is no difference in net migration terms between emigration of 1,000,000 people with immigration of 1,000,001 (net migration of +1) and emigration of one person with immigration of two (net migration +1). But this ignores the fact that a high turnover of people in a country has significant consequences for a wide range of public policy issues.

So it is clear that net migration figures alone are an inadequate tool for building a realistic understanding of the changing scale of migration and migrants in the UK – an issue that clearly is of significant concern to the public.

That is not to say that long-term net migration should not be a key indicator that should be part of the public debate and policy-making, but it is only one indicator, and as such fails to capture a range of other potentially important changes to migration and migrants in the UK. ...

By having a suite of different indicators, public debate could be based on a better understanding of how migration is changing in the UK, and what impact various policy changes are really having on migrant numbers.

In policy terms, moving away from a narrow focus on net-migration towards a more nuanced and comprehensive set of indicators will help avoid unintended consequences and, in the end, make policy more evidence based.
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Immigration – numbers
Polish population in the UK soars from 75,000 to more than HALF A MILLION in eight years
Daily Mail, 26 May 2011

The number of Polish people being born in the UK has increased from 75,000 to 521,000 in eight years. ...

Poles make up the majority of people to have migrated to the UK since Poland and seven other Eastern European countries joined the EU in 2004.

Over the last nine years the number of low-skill workers in retail, hospitality and catering from outside the UK has more than doubled.

During the same period, the number of British-born workers in those sectors has fallen from 3.04 million to 2.56 million.

The rise in the number of children born to Polish couples is believed to be because 69 per cent of immigrants coming over from Central and Eastern Europe are from Poland.

At its peak in 2007 there were almost 100,000 Poles immigrating into the UK but recently that number has declined to around 40,000 in 2009. It seems that many of them prefer to live in Britain, too, with emigration falling from 54,000 to 29,000 over the same period. ...

An extra 367,000 people born outside the UK are now working in low-skill jobs, taking the total to 666,000 in the first three months of the year, up from 298,000 at the start of 2002.

The increase in workers from outside the UK was driven by those coming from the eight eastern European countries that were the latest to join the EU.

A total of 239,000 people from these countries now work in low-skill jobs in the UK - almost 60 times the 4,000 who were in such jobs in 2002. ...

There are now 223,000 fewer British workers in the UK than a decade ago, while the number of non-UK born workers rose by 1.7 million.

This includes 88,000 extra migrants from the core 14 European Union countries - those that made up the EU before the accession countries joined in 2004 - 585,000 from the eight EU accession countries and 1.01 million from the rest of the world.
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Immigration – diversity
Immigration 'boosted the UK population by 1.75m in just eight years'
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 19 May 2011

The number of people from minority backgrounds who live in England and Wales went up by 2.5 million in eight years, figures revealed yesterday.

Estimates said that 1.75 million of the rise came about because of immigration, while 734,000 was the result of rising birthrates.

The increases meant the minority population increased by 37 per cent between 2001 and 2009.

According to the Office for National Statistics, one in six of the population is now from an ethnic minority or white non-British background.

In the eight year period studied, the population of white foreigners rose by 550,000 as Eastern Europeans and migrants from Commonwealth countries poured in.

Numbers grew by a further two million with people from black and Asian backgrounds thanks to immigration, rising birthrates, and asylum seeking.

The ONS said its figures, based on immigration counts, census data and birth and death records, had been found to tally with its existing population estimates.

The figures cast new light on the last Labour government's immigration policies, which added three million to the population between 1997 and last year.

Sir Andrew Green of Migrationwatch said: 'This is the legacy of Labour's mass immigration policy now appearing in the official figures. They have, whether deliberately or not, changed the face of Britain.

'If immigration continues on anything like this scale, we are heading for a population of 70 million in 20 years' time, absolutely contrary to the frequently expressed wishes of the British people.'

The breakdown showed a rise of just under 553,000 in the white non-British population, of which 514,000 were people who came to England and Wales as migrants. ...

Among black and Asian groups, the Indian population rose by 380,000 to 1.43 million and the Pakistani population went up from 728,000 to top one million.

Because of comparatively young age profiles and higher fertility rates than among other groups, Pakistani and Bangladeshi populations were driven up by high numbers of births.

Numbers of black Africans in the population went up by more than 300,000 to reach nearly 800,000.

The ONS said one reason for this was high numbers of African asylum seekers. Its report pointed to the effect of 'international migration, in particular of people from African Commonwealth countries, and from citizens of African countries, notably Zimbabwe, Somalia, Eritrea and the Democratic Republic of Congo, seeking asylum'.

The fastest-growing ethnic group was of Chinese people, whose population nearly doubled to reach 452,000 in 2009.
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Immigration – diversity
Migrants behind population rise
Harry Wallop
Daily Telegraph, 19 May 2011

The 2.5 million increase in population over the past decade has been driven entirely by "non-white" people migrating to the country and higher birth rates among ethnic minority groups, official figures show.

Between 2001 and 2009, the population of England and Wales increased by 2.45 million to 54.8 million, show figures published by the Office for National Statistics.

However, the numbers of white British people fell by 36,000 in that period, while the group of people the ONS classifies as "non-white British", increased from 6.64 million to 9.13 million.

This group includes everyone of Chinese, black African, Pakistani, mixed white and black Caribbean origin as well as Australians, Canadians and Europeans.

The proportion of the population in England and Wales that is from an ethnic minority group has increased from 13 per cent in 2001 to 17 per cent in 2009.

Of the 2.45 million extra people in the country, 1.75 million came from net migration, while 733,900 came from births. The net migration figure would have been far higher had the white British population not experienced a net migration fall, with 396,000 more white Britons leaving than returning.
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Immigration – diversity
UK ethnic population has risen 40 per cent in the last eight years
Martin Bentham
Evening Standard (London), 18 May 2011

Britain's ethnic minority population has risen by nearly 40 per cent in just eight years because of immigration and high birth rates, official figures revealed today.

The Office for National Statistics said that 9.1 million people living in England and Wales - equivalent to one in six of the population - were now from a "non-white" background.

The new total, based on statistics compiled in 2009, is 2.5 million higher than the comparable figure of 6.6 million in 2001 and is certain to prompt renewed debate about the impact of Labour's immigration policies.

The biggest increase over the eight-year period, of 553,000 people, is among the "other white" group which includes Europeans, such as Poles, as well as citizens of countries such as Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

Other groups registering a sharp rise include the Chinese, whose numbers have increased by 8.6 per cent each year, and black Africans, who have recorded a 214,000 increase in population since 2001. The largest ethnic populations, however, are of Indians, who account for more than 1.4 million people living here, and Pakistanis, who represent a further one million residents.

Explaining the increases, the statisticians say that the rise in the Indian population, which is 291,000 up on 2001, is "primarily due" to international migration, while high birth rates are a key factor behind the combined 190,000 growth in the Pakistani or Bangladeshi population.

They add that the leap in the "other white" population has been "strongly driven" by international migration - reflecting in particular the surge in East European arrivals since 2004 - although there has also been a "substantial net inflow" of people from the "old commonwealth" countries. Growth among the black Caribbean population is described as "relatively slow", with an average 0.9 per cent increase per year.

The average 6.2 per cent annual increase among black Africans is attributed to both natural change - high birth rates and fewer deaths - and immigration.

Despite the overall surge in numbers, a regional split shows that London's ethnic population has remained virtually static at just over 40 per cent even though the capital accounts for 28 per cent of the net inflow of "non-white British" migrants.

The statisticians say this is because the influx is outweighed by a net outflow of more than 600,000 ethnic people from London to other parts of the country. Over the eight years since 2001, the capital's total population has risen by 431,200, of whom 180,500 are from ethnic backgrounds.
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Immigration
One in 8 people living in UK born abroad
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 15 April 2011

Almost one in eight people living in Britain was born abroad, official figures show, in the wake of the largest wave of immigration in history.

The proportion of the population born overseas almost doubled in two decades to more than 11 per cent, ... It meant that just under seven million people living in Britain were immigrants – enough to fill a city the size of London. ...

The figures, which were compiled by the Office for National Statistics, were disclosed amid a renewed debate on immigration. ...

The population stood at 61.14 million as of last June, the most recent estimate. Of that, 6.97 million were people who were born overseas – 11.4 per cent, the highest proportion on record. Almost a third of those had been given British citizenship since arriving.

The proportion had been rising steadily year on year and was almost double the 6.7 per cent recorded in 1991 when the foreign-born population stood at 3.85 million.

Some 762,000 of those now in Britain came from those eastern European nations admitted to the European Union in 2004, which gave them access to the jobs market. The majority, 4.7 million, were people born outside Europe. ...

One in four babies was now born to a foreign mother, another record. In 1998, less that 14 per cent of babies were to a mother who had been born overseas.
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Immigration – communities, employment, numbers
Cameron: Britain disjointed by mass migration
Andrew Porter
Daily Telegraph, 14 April 2011

David Cameron will claim today that uncontrolled immigration has undermined some British communities.

In his most forthright speech on the issue since he became Prime Minister, he will say that mass immigration has led to "discomfort and disjointedness" in neighbourhoods because some migrants have been unwilling to integrate or learn English.

Pledging to cut the numbers entering Britain to tens of thousands, rather than hundreds of thousands, Mr Cameron will say that "for too long, immigration has been too high". He will also promise to "stamp out" forced marriages, saying that "cultural sensitivity" cannot be allowed to stop the Government from acting.

In the speech to party members in Hampshire, the Prime Minister will attack Labour for claiming it was racist to talk about immigration, saying it is "untruthful and unfair" not to speak about the issue, however uncomfortable. ...

... He will say that the "real issue" is "migrants are filling gaps in the labour market left wide open by a welfare system that for years has paid British people not to work".

"Put simply, we will never control immigration properly unless we tackle welfare dependency," Mr Cameron will say. ...

Mr Cameron will say: "When there have been significant numbers of new people arriving in neighbourhoods, perhaps not able to speak the same language as those living there, on occasions not really wanting or even willing to integrate, that has created a kind of discomfort and disjointedness in some neighbourhoods.

"This has been the experience for many people in our country and I believe it is untruthful and unfair not to speak about it and address it." ...

Figures yesterday showed a record number of foreign workers are based in Britain. There are almost four million migrants in work in this country.

The number of people in employment increased by 212,000 during 2010, but more than 80 per cent was made up of migrants, according to the Office for National Statistics. Just over 29 million people were in work in Britain during the last quarter of 2010. Of those, 3.89 million, or one in seven, were born overseas, the highest level on record.
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Immigration – theory, Japan
In Defense of Japan's Immigration Policy (1)
Stephen Harner
Forbes, 9 April 2011
[Parts 2 and 3 were on 12 and 14 April]

I have posted before on the bien pensant opinion that Japan's immigration policy is – second only to its tenacious harvesting of whales and blue fin tuna – antediluvian at best, and more correctly reactionary and racist, as well as self-destructive if not suicidal. ... How is it that they can be so wrong-minded about immigration?

To get a bit ahead of the argument, my own view of immigration begins with the question: To whom does a country belong? My answer: To its citizens. That is, citizens "own" – i.e., have legitimate ownership rights to – their "country;" country being the aggregate of communities, neighbors, and – most basically – homes. (Have I touched some nerves? Well, if a country does not belong to its citizens, to whom or what does it belong? Are countries just big "public goods" to be enjoyed by everyone on the planet?)

If the "country" is the property of its citizens, allowing non-citizens to take a piece of country – as residents of communities, neighborhoods, and homes – is a transfer of property rights. In a free society, people are free to transfer property rights, and will do so when they believe they are receiving something of equal for greater value. For me, it is this axiom that expresses the possible theoretical legitimacy of legal immigration (and the absolute illegitimacy of illegal immigration). Citizens, through their representatives, make laws that specify who and how many immigrants will be welcomed, and on what terms, as a legitimate exchange of property rights, for perceived benefits. Clearly, the persons whose interests should be considered first in this decision-making are those who are transferring their ownership rights – i.e., citizens – and not immigrants.

But in practice, indeed, even in rigorous theory, it is questionable whether property rights can or should be transferable by "representatives," empowered by electoral majorities. In a free society should any individual be legitimately deprived of his property rights without his specific consent? Without getting into issues of "eminent domain," the common sense and, more importantly perhaps, viscerally emotional answer must be "no."

And this goes to the heart of the immigration issue, and the feelings, as well as the rights, of citizens where immigration ceases to be theoretical – i.e., on the ground in neighborhoods and communities. When individual citizens wake up to find themselves living neighborhoods and communities ethnically, culturally, linguistically, economically, and, often politically, transformed by immigration; when they were never offered an opportunity as individual citizens to agree or disagree to accept this situation, they are wholly justified in being resentful and in believing their rights have been violated.

A fundamental source of Japan's strength is the solidarity and cooperative spirit of its people, at the national, but even more so at the community and neighborhood levels. This solidarity is not necessarily something that naturally springs from the Japanese breast, however. It is the result of socially-mandated political process that painstakingly, sometimes tortuously, seeks to obtain the consent of all the people affected and concerned when changes are being planned.

Japan's immigration policy is a good reflection of this political and social reality. Looks like I am out of space to get into details. They will come in the next post.
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Immigration – fraud, illegal immigrants
As one migrants' loophole closes, another opens
Alasdair Palmer
Sunday Telegraph, 27 March 2011

The level of immigration was among voters' greatest concerns at the last election. The number of people settling here legally from non-EU countries is running at about 200,000 a year. For obvious reasons, no one is sure about how many illegal migrants there are. Estimates vary wildly, from less than 10,000 to more than 100,000 a year. But no one doubts that there are many ways to get in illegally: scamming the system is too easy.

... More than 300,000 people came into Britain last year on student visas: many of them weren't students, for the simple reason that if you get such a visa, you can bring a number of your "dependents" with you – and those "dependents" account for nearly two thirds of the student visas issued.

The Home Secretary will make it more difficult for students to bring their dependents with them. She won't make it impossible: that would violate the "right to family life" and would be invalidated by the courts. But she will require students to demonstrate that they can speak English to a high level, and give officials at the UK's borders the power to refuse entry to those who cannot do so. Students will also have to demonstrate that they can support themselves and any dependents they're allowed to bring with them.

... The key question is: does the applicant actually intend to return to their home country? The trouble is that the new procedures do not address that question. The assessment procedure is an entirely paper exercise. Applicants are not interviewed in person in order to try to assess their motives: they are not interviewed at all. If the paperwork seems to be in order, then the visa is granted. But the relevant papers – proof that you have enough money to support yourself, and that you have been granted a place at an educational institution – are easy to obtain by fraudulent methods: a BBC TV programme a year ago showed reporters buying bogus visa documents for £200. If a significant proportion of those who obtain a student visa want one primarily because they want to settle with their family in the UK, the new measure may not work as intended. Even if they do, the effect might not be to reduce the number of illegal migrants. It may just be to ensure they switch the method of entry they use.
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Immigration – education, fraud, employment
Foreign student numbers to be cut
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 22 March 2011

The number of foreign students in Britain will be cut by 100,000 a year under plans to be announced today.

Theresa May, the Home Secretary, will announce measures to tackle fraudulent colleges and tighten the rules, including restrictions on those wanting to study courses below degree level, ...

A scheme called the Post Study Work Route that allows tens of thousands of foreign graduates to stay on after their degree to look for work will be cut in half, after ministers considered whether to abolish it.

Figures suggest that one in seven foreign students attending private colleges are bogus. The number of students who breach their visa conditions has also tripled in a year, at the rate of one a day.

Student visas have peaked at more than 300,000 in recent years and represent two thirds of all visas issued under the points-based system. ...

Whitehall sources believe the move, alongside measures such as a tighter English language requirement, will cut the number of students arriving each year by 80,000. The number of immigrants who arrive in Britain then swap to student visas to prolong their stay will also be reduced, by 20,000. ...

Further research published today indicates that 13 per cent of students at private colleges do not attend their courses, with non-attendance rates at some as high as half. The number of arrests for abuse of student visas is 30 a month.
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Immigration – education
Visa rules to curb foreign students
The Guardian, 22 March 2011

The number of foreign students and their dependants coming to Britain could be cut by around 100,000 a year under plans unveiled by the Government.

Home Secretary Theresa May said the "radical" clampdown would close fake colleges and block entry for those who cannot speak good English.

There will also be tougher restrictions on non-EU students staying in the country after their course finishes - including a rule that they must find a job that pays at least £20,000 a year.

Mrs May told MPs that while the coalition wanted to attract the "brightest and best" to the UK, the visa system became "broken" under Labour.

"This package will stop the bogus students, studying meaningless courses at fake colleges," she said.

"It will protect our world-class institutions. It will stop the abuse that became all too common under Labour. And it will restore some sanity to our student visa system."

She said she expected the measures would reduce the number of student visas issued by 70,000-80,000 annually - equivalent to a 25% fall.

Officials indicated the number of dependants coming to the UK was likely to go down by around 20,000.
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Immigration
All abroad!
Tom Newton Dunn
The Sun, 21 March 2011

A giant billboard featuring a London double-decker bus reveals the shambles that is Britain's open-house immigration system.

The advert - on an Indian street - openly plugs a dodgy scam that sells student visas for legal entry to the UK.

Using the famous tourist image of the bus, the message reads: "Get a FREE ride to the UK. Apply for admissions, get your visas & fly FREE to London".

...

It has also emerged that student visa forgeries hit their highest level last year. Students claiming asylum as their visas run out is just the latest in a series of loopholes in Britain's ultra-weak immigration rules.

Our revelations come ahead of a long-awaited Government clampdown on student visas, set to be announced this week. Nearly half of all immigrants arriving in Britain today come to study. But very few checks on them - coupled with a boom in dodgy colleges - has left the system open to massive abuse.

The number of young non-EU men and women arriving here as "students" has risen by 35 per cent in the last year. A total of 362,000 visas were issued in the 12 months to last June.

When their dependents are included, the number tops 500,000.
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Immigration – illegal immigrants, expired visas
How the UK Border Agency lost track of 180,000 migrants on expired visas
Jack Doyle
Daily Mail, 15 March 2011

An astonishing 181,000 migrants whose right to live in Britain has expired could still be here, auditors have found.

The figure includes workers, students and their relatives whose visas have run out in the last two years, and who have been refused permission to stay on.

The National Audit Office, which uncovered the statistic, said immigration officials 'cannot be sure' how many have gone home.

It found the UK Border Agency knew where all the failed applicants had lived in Britain – but has not checked if they are still there.

Worryingly, the only action taken has been letters sent to 2,000 people in the North East, Yorkshire and the Humber, asking them to leave.

The figure, revealed in a highly critical report into Labour's points-based immigration system, will raise concerns about the number of illegal migrants in the UK, and the lack of measures to make them leave.

The supposedly 'tough' system, modelled on Australia's, was designed to cut economic migration by as much as 12 per cent. In fact, it has increased by 20 per cent.

The number of foreign students has risen by nearly a third.

Tory MP Philip Davies said the revelations proved the system was a 'complete shambles', adding: 'This goes to show what an absurdly lax regime has been run.'

Immigration minister Damian Green said the Government was making 'radical reforms' to the system, including 'the introduction of an annual limit on economic migrants, sweeping changes to the student visa system, and a shake-up of the family and settlement route'.

He added it was also committed to reintroducing exit checks by 2015. 'We are determined to reduce net migration to the tens of thousands, and clampdown on abuses,' he said.

The report raised further concerns over the resident labour market test, which requires employers to advertise a job to Britons before looking overseas. Immigration officials were unable to check if companies advertised roles here for the minimum period of four weeks.

Rules which allowed 90,000 migrants to stay for two years looking for work after completing their studies were also given a scathing assessment.

The report said: 'It is not clear that the department foresaw the risk this posed to control of the border, or whether it took adequate steps to mitigate the risk.'

Labour MP Margaret Hodge, who chairs the Public Accounts Committee, said: 'The Points Based System is a welcome simplification of the previous system of 39 different types of work visa. However, gaps in data, poor risk management and inefficient processes mean that we cannot be certain that it either ensures proper controls or meets the UK's need for skilled labour.'
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Immigration – politics, multiculturalism
Tony Blair changes his tune over immigration saying it produced a 'challenge'
Steve Doughty
Mail Online, 12 March 2011

Tony Blair yesterday admitted for the first time that mass immigration has produced a 'challenge' which causes alarm to millions.

The former prime minister acknowledged there was a 'debate' over the impact of immigration and whether British generosity in allowing it had been abused.

Mr Blair said immigration had produced both a cultural and economic 'challenge'.

He made his admission in an article in which he accepted that 'there is a perception of failure' over the issue. The view contrasted strongly with his stance as prime minister. In the 2005 election campaign he insisted immigrants had made a 'huge contribution' to Britain and condemned opponents for 'exploiting people's fears'.

In his 690-page autobiography published last year he devoted only one page to the controversial subject.

Yesterday, however, in Roman Catholic journal The Tablet, Mr Blair declared that immigration – 3.2million came to live in Britain during Labour's years in power – was a matter of major importance.

He said: 'A new type of debate is taking shape. While it can centre on immigration or protectionism, it is above all about issues to do with culture and integration – issues that are altogether more vigorous and potentially more explosive.

'In Europe, the debate is about whether our attempt to integrate cultures has succeeded or failed and, insofar as there is a perception of failure, it is about whether our "generosity" in allowing inward migration and encouraging multiculturalism has been abused.'

Last night Douglas Carswell, MP for Clacton, said: 'What a pity that Tony Blair waited until he left office to address an issue of concern to millions of people in this country.'
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Immigration – public opinion
Populus reports an unutterable truth
Rod Liddle
The Spectator, 2 March 2011
[The survey is here: http://www.populus.co.uk/searchlight-fear-and-hope-survey-310111.html]

Some interesting statistics buried away in the excellent Populus survey carried out for the Searchlight Educational Trust (and which received a lot of press attention last week). The headline figure was that 60 per cent of British people (including first, second and third generation immigrants) think that immigration has been a "bad thing" for the country. This is something you are not allowed to say in print, or on television or radio, or you will be either prosecuted or set upon by some libtard idiot from the PCC.

The other headline figure was that a large minority of Asian people wish to see an end to immigration.

In fact, the figures are even more remarkable. Nearly 80 per cent of British people, including a majority of Asians, believe we should have much more rigorous controls on immigration than we do now. Only 5 per cent of people think there should be no controls on immigration.

Then there's this; asked the question "The arrival of immigrants has changed my local community for the better", the total number strongly agreeing was ........ 3 per cent. The total number agreeing at all with this proposition was ...... 12 per cent. Again, this is something you are not allowed to say.

It [the survey] came out in a week when it was revealed that net migration to the UK has risen by about thirty per cent per annum, with 572,000 people arriving in the last twelve months.
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Immigration – public opinion, multiculturalism
What Britons really think about immigration
Nick Lowles, director of anti-extremist group Hope Not Hate
Guardian / Observer, 26 February 2011

Fear and Hope, the report Searchlight Educational Trust is publishing on attitudes to immigration, identity and multiculturalism, gives those of us committed to the fight against extremism nowhere to hide. The survey of 5,000 people, the largest of its kind ever conducted, is stark, brutal and unequivocal.

Some 39% of Asian Britons, 34% of white Britons and 21% of black Britons now believe all immigration into the UK should be stopped permanently, or at least until the UK's economic situation improves. Meanwhile, 52% of Britons agree with the proposition "Muslims create problems in the UK", and 43% of Asian Britons, 63% of white Britons and 17% of black Britons agree with the proposition that "on the whole, immigration into Britain has been a bad thing for the country". In addition, 48% of Britons say they would consider supporting a new far right-wing party, if it shunned violence and fascist imagery.

These findings will be shocking to many. They shatter many of our liberal preconceptions. And they demonstrate conclusively that when it comes to the narrative of migration and race, our politicians and our community leaders are now running far behind those they seek to represent.

A new politics of identity, culture, and nation has grown out of the politics of race and immigration, and is increasingly the opinion driver in modern British politics. There are now in effect six "identity tribes" in our society. These are: confident multiculturalists (8% of the population); mainstream liberals (16%); identity ambivalents (28%); cultural integrationists (24%); latent hostiles (10%); and active enmity (13%).

The cherished "middle ground" of British politics is occupied by two of these groups; the cultural integrationists, motivated by authority and order; and identity ambivalents, who are concerned about their economic security and social change. Together they make up 52% of the population.

The current failure of the political mainstream risks pushing the identity ambivalents to the right, unless they tackle the social and economic insecurity which dominates their attitudes. This is a challenge for the current government – which is implementing deep spending cuts – and for the Labour Party, which is the traditional home of many of these voters. Almost half of all voters who do not identify with a party are identity ambivalents.

Our report reveals a clear correlation between economic pessimism and negative attitudes towards immigration. The more pessimistic people are about their own economic situation and their prospects for the future, the more hostile their attitudes are to new and old immigrants. The means test appears to have a greater impact upon attitudes towards integration and identity than the cricket test.

Despite the challenging nature of the report, there is much which is positive. Political violence is strongly opposed. Over two-thirds of people view "English nationalist extremists" and "Muslim extremists" as bad as each other. There is a real appetite for a positive campaigning organisation that opposes political extremism through bringing communities together.
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Immigration – public opinion
Anti-immigration poll 'disturbing'
Google / Press Association, 26 February 2011

Almost two-thirds of white Britons think immigration has been bad for the UK, according to a survey which anti-racism campaigners called a "disturbing picture" of society's attitudes.

Research commissioned by the Searchlight Educational Trust also found that Asians were most likely to back a halt to all immigration, at least until the economy had recovered.

Labour MP Jon Cruddas said the findings should "ricochet through the body politic" as they showed the potential for the rise of the far-right unless mainstream parties acted soon.

The poll, carried out by Populus, was one of the largest studies carried out on the subject, based on 91 questions to more than 5,000 individuals.

Immigration was held to have been on the whole a bad thing for Britain by 63% of whites, 43% of Asians and 17% of black Britons. It found that 39% of Asians, 34% of whites and 21% of blacks believed immigration should be halted either permanently or at least until the UK's economy was back on track.

Almost half (48%) were open to supporting a new far-right party as long as it eschewed "fascist imagery" and did not condone violence. And 52% agreed that "Muslims create problems in the UK". Ethnic minority communities generally feel less "proud" at seeing the English flag flown - though only 25% of whites questioned said they felt that emotion.

The Trust said the report, titled Fear And Hope - The New Politics Of Identity, "paints a disturbing picture of our attitudes towards each another and the unknown".
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Immigration
Record number of migrants make UK home
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 25 February 2011

A record number of migrants were allowed to make Britain their home last year as figures revealed Labour's final legacy.

Almost a quarter of a million people were granted settlement – the highest since records began – and a third of those were due to a failure by the last government to deal with historic asylum claims.

There was also a 41 per cent rise in foreign students while net migration – the difference between those arriving and those leaving – reached a three-year high in what proved to be Labour's last year in office.

Separate figures confirmed that 3.2 million foreign migrants were added to the UK population during the party's 13 years in power. The series of official statistics published yesterday showed for the first time what the incoming Coalition Government faced and its headache in meeting a pledge to reduce immigration to the "tens of thousands".

Sir Andrew Green, the chairman of Migration Watch UK, said: "These figures are Labour's legacy to Britain – 3.2 million immigrants including a quarter of a million in their last year.

"Over half a million students in one year, with no interviews before arrival and no checks on departures, and a points-based system that has increased immigration not reduced it. "This is what they called 'managed migration'. "It would be hard to imagine after 13 years in charge a more shambolic inheritance."

In the 12 months to last September, 238,950 people were granted settlement – the highest figure since records began in the 1960s, according to the Home Office. Tens of thousands of applications were approved as part of the desperate clearing of the so-called asylum legacy backlog, where up to 450,000 unconcluded cases, some dating back to the 1990s, were discovered in 2006.

Figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) revealed that in the year to June 2010 226,000 more migrants moved to the UK than left, the highest level since 2007. ...

Student numbers also continued to soar in Labour's final year, with a 41 per cent increase in those arriving for at least a year. Some 234,000 came to study in the 12 months to last June compared with 166,000 in the previous year.

Overall, 362,080 student visas were issued over the period, including to pupils coming for less than a year, representing a 35 per cent annual rise. ...

Other figures yesterday showed the number of failed asylum seekers and illegal immigrants being removed from the UK has hit a five-year low. Some 57,085 left voluntarily or were deported last year, down 15 per cent.

Home Office officials said that was mainly due to a large drop in the number of cases being refused at a port, which used to be included in removal statistics.
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Immigration
Number of UK immigrants up by 22%
Wesley Johnson
The Independent, 24 February 2011

The number of foreigners settling in the UK rose by more than a fifth last year, figures show.

A total of 237,890 people were granted settlement in the UK in 2010, a rise of 22% compared with 194,780 in the previous year - similar to the record high of 238,950, set in the 12 months to September 30 last year.

The number leaving the UK, either voluntarily or through enforced removals, fell to 57,085, the lowest in five years and 15% down on 2009, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said.

Of those granted settlement, the number of asylum-related cases increased by almost two-thirds to 5,125, compared with 3,110 in 2009.

And the number of work-related cases was also up, rising 4% to 84,370 compared with 81,185 the previous year.

The quarterly immigration figures also showed while the number of foreigners given UK passports was down 4% to 195,130, the figure remained higher than that seen in the years 2005 to 2007, the ONS said.

A total of 334,815 student visas were issued last year, down 2% on 2009, and asylum applications also fell to their lowest in eight years, down by more than a quarter to 17,790 last year, compared with 24,485 in 2009 and 84,130 in 2002. ...

Net migration continues to rise, reaching 226,000 in the year ending June 2010, provisional ONS estimates for long-term international migration showed.

A total of 572,000 people came in to the UK, with only 346,000 leaving.

Other figures showed India was the most popular foreign country of birth for people in the UK in the 12 months to June 2010, making up about 678,000 of the population.
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Immigration – population
Labour's 'betrayal' let in 3m extra migrants
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 22 February 2011

More than three million foreign migrants were added to the British population under Labour's open door on immigration, figures will confirm for the first time this week. ...

Up to another million are feared to be here illegally, while a million Britons left the country under a policy dubbed "Labour's great betrayal".

A report by the think tank Migration Watch UK also found that:

• One in four births was from foreign-born mothers.

• Half a million extra foreign-born children arrived in the country's primary schools.

• Three in four new jobs created since 1997 have been filled by migrant workers.

• The British population could hit 70 million within two decades, largely driven by immigration.

• Research by Prof David Coleman from Oxford University concluded that, if immigration continued at its present level, the "white British" may become a minority by the late 2060s.

Meanwhile, an independent poll found that three in four Britons believed immigration was a "big problem" with concerns growing especially among younger people, who are facing record levels of unemployment.

Official figures on Thursday are expected to show up to 5.5 million people arrived in the country as long-term migrants between 1997 and 2010 – the equivalent of almost one every minute.

Around 2.3 million people, half of them Britons, left over the same period, meaning the population increased by around 3.2 million. Some 80 per cent of those also came from outside the European Union, mainly from the Indian sub-continent, Africa and the Middle East.

The study said the scale of the movement was the largest seen in Britain since the Anglo-Saxons arrived more than 1,000 years ago.

Sir Andrew Green, the chairman of Migration Watch, said immigration would be seen as "Labour's great betrayal".

He said the extra three million people was the equivalent of creating three cities the size of Birmingham.
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Immigration – politics
Migrants, Labour and democratic vandalism
Daily Mail, 22 February 2011
[Leading article]

Labour's 1997 manifesto said that: 'Every country must have firm control over immigration and Britain is no exception.'

Yet, within months of coming to power, and with no public consultation, the door to Britain was being flung wide open for literally millions of migrants.

Today, a report reveals that, as a result of this deliberate policy of mass immigration, the foreign-born population of this small island has risen by 3.2 million – a staggering 80 per cent of them from outside the EU.

These figures do not include illegal immigrants, of whom there could be a further one million living here, according to the Migrationwatch think-tank.

Quite simply, Labour changed the make-up of this country for ever – and in clear defiance of the public will.

For years, opinion polls made immigration top of the list of concerns.

But anyone who tried to discuss it was denounced as 'racist' by the liberal class, led by the BBC which, to its eternal disgrace, crushed any debate on this vital issue.

Of course, fears about migration had nothing to do with race. They were born of understandable worry that housing, schools and hospitals could not cope with the unprecedented number of arrivals.

Furthermore, they stemmed from alarm at how the jobs market was being flooded with cheap foreign labour – with 75 per cent of new jobs being taken by incomers. Meanwhile, the number of Britons on incapacity benefit soared.

Only Labour knows why it deliberately ignored these legitimate concerns about the future of this country, while slurring as 'bigots' anybody who dared to voice them.

The suspicion is that Tony Blair believed migrants, once granted citizenship, would be more likely to vote Labour. One of his ex-advisers even said the secret intention was to 'rub the Right's noses in diversity', in order to create a 'multicultural' Britain alien to the Tory party and its supporters.

But, whatever the motivation, it is undeniable that Labour cynically and repeatedly lied to voters about immigration – one of the greatest acts of democratic vandalism since the war, which shattered the bond of trust between government and electorate.
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Immigration – politics
How Labour let in 3 million immigrants, in defiance of the overwhelming wishes of the British people [part 1]
Sir Andrew Green, a former British Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Syria
Daily Mail, 22 February 2011

Official figures to be published on Thursday will confirm that foreign immigration under Labour added more than three million to our population.

At the same time nearly one million British citizens voted with their feet, some saying that they were leaving because England was no longer a country that they recognised.

How could all this have happened in the teeth of public opposition? Even the Labour government's own survey last February showed that 77 per cent of the public wanted immigration reduced, including 54 per cent of the ethnic communities, while 50 per cent of the public wanted it reduced 'by a lot'.

There are, of course, good arguments for controlled and limited immigration. Migration in both directions is a natural part of an open economy. And there are many immigrants who are valuable both to our economy and our society.

Mass immigration is an entirely different matter. The question now is how did it happen and what can be done about it. Was it all a Labour conspiracy? Was it sheer incompetence in government? Or was it wholesale retreat in front of the race relations lobby?

The strongest evidence for conspiracy comes from one of Labour's own. Andrew Neather, a previously unheard-of speechwriter for Blair, Straw and Blunkett, popped up with an article in the Evening Standard in October 2009 which gave the game away.

Immigration, he wrote, 'didn't just happen; the deliberate policy of Ministers from late 2000 ... was to open up the UK to mass immigration'.

He was at the heart of policy in September 2001, drafting the landmark speech by the then Immigration Minister Barbara Roche, and he reported 'coming away from some discussions with the clear sense that the policy was intended - even if this wasn't its main purpose - to rub the Right's nose in diversity and render their arguments out of date'.

That seemed, even to him, a manoeuvre too far.

The result is now plain for all to see. Even Blair's favourite think tank, the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), commented recently: 'It is no exaggeration to say that immigration under New Labour has changed the face of the country.'

It is not hard to see why Labour's own apparatchiks supported the policy. Provided that the white working class didn't cotton on, there were votes in it.

Research into voting patterns conducted for the Electoral Commission after the 2005 general election found that 80 per cent of Caribbean and African voters had voted Labour, while only about 3 per cent had voted Conservative and roughly 8 per cent for the Liberal Democrats.

The Asian vote was split about 50 per cent for Labour, 10 per cent Conservatives and 15 per cent Liberal Democrats.

Nor should we underestimate the power of 'community leaders' who have strong influence in constituency Labour parties and who, of course, benefit from a growth in numbers.

Other activists, nurtured in the anti-apartheid movement of the last century, had no difficulty promoting the interests of minority groups - almost, it seems, regardless of the impact on the white working class.

There were also economic factors. A collection of essays published recently by the IPPR underlined the role of Gordon Brown's Treasury in this affair. A high level of immigration made economic growth look better and helped keep wages and, therefore, inflation down.
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Immigration – politics
How Labour let in 3 million immigrants, in defiance of the overwhelming wishes of the British people [part 2]
Sir Andrew Green, a former British Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Syria
Daily Mail, 22 February 2011

Others, too, saw economic benefits for themselves. The employers' organisations kept their heads down, but there is little doubt that they were privately encouraging a supply of cheap labour which was good for profits, whatever its impact on society.

Then there were those members of the middle classes who found it convenient to have cheap exotic restaurants and even cheaper domestic help, but were blind to the wider consequences of this population inflow which were, of course, felt in the poorer neighbourhoods.

Another major factor was the attitude of the BBC and, in particular, its devotion to multiculturalism. For years it avoided discussing immigration if it possibly could.

Although in the autumn of 2005 official statistics for the previous year showed an increase of 50 per cent in net immigration, there was no mention of this on the BBC. Its own report into impartiality, published in June 2007, concluded that its coverage of immigration amounted to bias by omission.

Last December the corporation's director-general admitted: 'There are some areas, immigration, business and Europe, where the BBC has historically been rather weak and rather nervous about letting that entire debate happen.' Indeed so.

The overall effect was to deter any serious discussion of immigration and to give plenty of space to the Left to accuse anyone who raised the subject of being a covert racist. On this matter the BBC failed to meet its own standards of objectivity.

How about Labour's competence in government? A succession of six home secretaries and eight ministers of immigration was a testament to their utter failure to focus on a subject of crucial importance to Britain's future.

Labour ministers had no sooner grasped the elements of the problem than they were moved to a new post. Government policy was that immigration was good for the economy, so why make difficulties about it?

The first Labour Home Secretary even to inquire about the numbers was Jacqui Smith. But she, too, was gone in the twinkling of an eye.

The reality is there was no government focus on the scale of immigration and no serious effort made to reduce it.

In the end, Labour paid the price.

Anger over mass immigration was a major reason why so many of Labour's working-class supporters did not vote at the last election.

They were not alone in their verdict. An intriguing opinion survey found that, when the public were asked what they regarded as the greatest failures of Tony Blair's time as Prime Minister, 62 per cent pointed to the fact that immigration had reached unacceptable levels - even more than the 56 per cent who chose the invasion of Iraq.

Blair himself shows no remorse. His memoirs, which run to 690 pages, contain only one page on immigration.

The reference describes his strategy for handling the policy at the 2005 election, saying: 'Because our position was sophisticated enough - a sort of "confess and avoid", as the lawyers say - we won out.'

If Blair thinks his immigration policy was a success, he is almost alone.

So, what about the future? What can be done?
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Immigration – public opinion
More Britons fearful of immigration
Guardian / Press Association, 4 February 2011

Britons are more fearful about immigration than other nations, according to a poll of people across the US, Canada and western Europe.

Almost one in four (23%) said immigration was the most important issue facing the country, the Transatlantic Trends survey found.

The other countries, including the US (9%), Canada (5%), France (8%), Germany (9%), Italy (10%), Holland (4%) and Spain (3%), appeared far less concerned.

The survey found 59% of Britons agreed there were "too many" people living in the country who were not born here, also a much higher figure than the other nations.

And seven out of 10 (70%) said the Government was doing a poor job in managing immigration.

A total of 47% believed legal immigrants were a burden on social services like schools and hospitals, and 33% said legal immigrants increase crime.

About one in four (22%) said only British citizens should have access to UK schools and 25% said only British citizens should have access to healthcare.

However, the survey also showed that 77% of people agreed legal immigrants were hard workers, and 43% said they were integrating well or very well into society - a higher figure than several of the other nations. ...

The survey, commissioned by the US German Marshall Fund and other organisations, saw at least a thousand people from each country questioned in August, September and November last year.
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Immigration – settlement
Every migrant route into the country to be reviewed
Tom Whitehead
Daily Telegraph, 31 January 2011

Tens of thousands of migrants are to lose the right to live permanently in Britain under an overhaul of the "settlement" system.

Damian Green, the immigration minister, will tomorrow announce plans to review every route to attaining settlement amid concerns it is too easy for immigrants to stay indefinitely. The number granted settlement in Britain last year reached a record 238,950 after increasing by a third in 12 months. ...

Gaining settlement status allows an immigrant to stay in the UK indefinitely and apply for British citizenship. Many migrants who arrive in the UK on a non-settlement visa apply to move to a related route once here.

There is currently a variety of ways to achieve settlement across all immigration categories including work, study and family related visas, as well as within the asylum system.
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Immigration – population pressure
Towns 'overwhelmed' by Nepalese, MP claims
Pete Castle
News & Mail, 27 January 2011

Public services are in danger of being "overwhelmed" by a recent influx of Nepalese immigrants, according to the area's MP.

Gerald Howarth, who represents Aldershot and Farnborough in Parliament, has made an extraordinary plea to the prime minister to deal with an issue he said was of "grave concern" in the area.

In a letter sent to David Cameron on Tuesday, Mr Howarth said the problem related to the inward migration of Nepalese people as a result of the 2009 High Court ruling that gave all Gurkhas the right to settle in the UK with their dependants.

"This has had a very significant impact over a very short period of time and it is now estimated that 10% of the borough of Rushmoor's population of approximately 90,000 is Nepalese," said Mr Howarth in the letter.

Chhatra Rai, general secretary of the British Gurkha Welfare Society, whose headquarters are in Farnborough, said that while there were problems, Mr Howarth's intervention was "unhelpful" and could set back efforts to help new arrivals settle.
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Immigration – numbers, visas, work permits
How Labour's 'tough' rules let in 2,100 migrants a day
James Slack
Daily Mail, 24 January 2011

Britain handed out 2,100 visas a day following the introduction of Labour's 'tough' new border controls.

Official figures reveal for the first time that 1,554,327 non-EU nationals were given permission to enter or stay in this country under the previous government's points-based system.

The beneficiaries included workers, their partners and children and hundreds of thousands of foreign students.

Incredibly, the numbers entering Britain continued to climb between 2008 and 2009 – despite the country being in the grip of a recession.

A fall of fewer than 20,000 in the number of work permits being rubber-stamped for main applicants was dwarfed by a leap of 80,000 in student visas.

The total number of visas handed out in 2009, including renewals for people who would otherwise have been forced to leave, was 778,617 – up from 775,710 a year earlier.

According to a report by the Migrationwatch think-tank, the early indications are that, so far, the Coalition Government has had only limited impact on the figures.

Ministers have decided to keep the points-based system, which was introduced in 2008, but are making the criteria much tougher.

But, in the year to September 2010, the latest period for which figures are available, the total number of visas issued was 752,855, down only slightly.

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of Migrationwatch UK, said: 'These figures give the lie to claims the points-based system (PBS) was already bringing immigration under control.

'Such reduction as there has been is surely the consequence of the deepest recession for a generation, not the introduction of the PBS, which is deeply flawed.

'This renders still more difficult the Government's commitment to get net migration down to the "tens of thousands" as the public overwhelmingly wishes to see.'
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Immigration
Migration wave means a third of Londoners were born abroad
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 21 January 2011

More than one in three people living in London were born outside Britain, an official analysis showed yesterday.

Nearly half of them have arrived over the past decade in the wave of immigration that began under Tony Blair's government.

Almost four in ten of all the foreign-born people in the country live in London, the Office for National Statistics said. They make up 34 per cent of the capital's population.

Around one in six of the population of the capital have arrived in Britain since 2000.
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Immigration – numbers
Britain is migrant magnet of Europe: Only Spain admits more non-EU immigrants
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 20 January 2011

Britain accepts more non-European immigrants than any other EU country except Spain, it emerged yesterday.

The latest annual figures showed immigration from Asia, Africa and the Americas running at 307,000, against 284,000 received by Italy and the 238,000 who went to Germany.

These comparisons are striking because Italy is the main destination for hundreds of thousands of migrants and refugees from Africa and the Middle East who see it as the easiest route into Europe, and for decades Germany accepted more migrants than any other European country.

The only country that takes more non-EU immigrants than Britain now is Spain, the European country of choice for most Latin Americans.

The figures, which cover 2008, show that Spain took 499,000 non-EU migrants. ...

Douglas Carswell, MP for Clacton, said: 'We made a clear promise to cut net migration from hundreds of thousands to tens of thousands.

'These figures show that the Government needs to pull its finger out and get on with it.

'People are fed up with talk. They want to see significant reductions. People will hold ministers to account for this at the next election.'

Last week, a Whitehall survey showed four out of five people want to see immigration reduced and more than half the population want to see immigration cut 'a lot'.

The figures from Eurostat, the European Union's statistics department, show only four member states accepted more than 100,000 immigrants from outside the EU in 2008.

France used to admit high numbers of immigrants, but it took only 89,000 two years ago, fewer than a third of the number coming to Britain.

The country outside the EU from where the most people came to Britain in 2008 was India, at 47,000.

In that year, 165,000 people arrived in the UK from Commonwealth countries and 142,000 from other non-EU nations.

The most recent statistics show 303,000 people came to Britain from outside the EU in 2009 – the latest year for which figures are available.
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Immigration – public opinion
Immigration is too high, say four in five Britons
Steve Doughty
Daily Mail, 14 January 2011

Four out of five people want to see cuts in the level of immigration, a large-scale survey carried out for the Government has revealed.

More than half the population want to see numbers coming from abroad to live in Britain reduced by 'a lot', it found.

The poll, carried out for the Communities Department, showed that public demand for reducing immigration is overwhelming and growing.

It amounts to a warning from Whitehall to David Cameron and Home Secretary Theresa May that concerns over immigration – which played a central role in last year's general election – have not gone away and are likely to lead to voter frustration if the Coalition fails to keep its promises.

Ministers have pledged to bring net migration – the number of people added to the population by migration each year – down to 1990s levels of under 100,000. In Labour's last year in power, net migration was 215,000.

The Communities Department Citizenship Survey – a research project launched while Tony Blair was prime minister – attempts to measure 'community cohesion'.

Its findings on immigration are notable because the survey was designed to ensure that ethnic minorities and Muslims were 'robustly represented' among those consulted.

Some 10,000 people were questioned, but pollsters then gauged opinions from a further 5,000 ethnic minority members and 1,200 Muslims before reaching their conclusions.

The survey found that 78 per cent of the population want to see immigration cut back. A quarter (24 per cent) would like to see immigration reduced a little, while 54 per cent said they wanted it cut 'a lot'. Fewer than one in five – 19 per cent – said levels should stay the same. Only three people in 100 thought there should be an increase.

The pollsters found no sign that people felt their local areas were becoming more uneasy and divided. They said 85 per cent thought their neighbourhood was 'cohesive' and a place where people from different backgrounds got on well together.

However, 22 per cent thought they would get worse treatment from public services because of their race. This proportion is double the size of the ethnic minority population, which is around 10 per cent of the population.
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IMMIGRATION ABROAD

Immigration abroad – France, citizenship
France makes it harder to become French
France 24, 30 December 2011

France will be making it harder for foreigners to seek French citizenship as of January. Critics say the new requirements, which include tough language tests and allegiance to "French values", are an electoral ploy that panders to the far right. ...

Candidates will be tested on French culture and history, and will have to prove their French language skills are equivalent to those of a 15-year-old mother tongue speaker. They will also be required to sign a new charter establishing their rights and responsibilities.

"Becoming French is not a mere administrative step. It is a decision that requires a lot of thought", reads the charter, drafted by France's High Council for Integration (HCI). In a more obscure passage, the charter suggests that by taking on French citizenship, "applicants will no longer be able to claim allegiance to another country while on French soil", although dual nationality will still be allowed.

... Muslim applicants, who make up the majority of the 100,000 new French citizens admitted each year.

France's interior minister has made it clear that immigrants who refuse to "assimilate" into French society should be denied French citizenship. ...

But the interior minister has taken a hard line on immigration, announcing plans to reduce the number of legal immigrants coming to France annually from 200,000 to 180,000 and calling for those convicted of felony to be expelled from the country.
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Immigration abroad – Vietnamese
Four million Vietnamese are living overseas, conference hears
Thanh Nien News, 22 December 2011

More than 4 million Vietnamese people are living in more than 100 countries and territories in the world, a Wednesday conference held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was told.

The conference publicized Vietnam's migration dossiers and orientations for Vietnamese policies and laws on international migration, as part of a project to build migration dossiers and databases for Vietnamese migrants abroad.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs' Consular Department is working with the Hanoi Office of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to implement the project under the auspices of the European Union (EU).
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Immigration abroad – USA, politics
Gingrich says millions of illegal immigrants should leave
Tom Cohen
CNN, 18 December 2011

Newt Gingrich insisted Sunday that some illegal immigrants who have become full community members should be able to stay in the country, but he added that his policy would require 7 million or more to go back to their home nations before having a chance to return.

Appearing on the CBS program "Face the Nation," the front-running Republican presidential hopeful repeated his call for some kind of citizen review board to assess whether illegal immigrants would be eligible to get a residency permit and stay in America.

Gingrich, a former House Speaker, said the American people would not tolerate the forced removal of someone who has lived in their community for 25 years, has children and grandchildren, and belongs to a local church.

However, Gingrich said he expected about 1 million of the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants to qualify under the review board process to remain in the country, adding that they would have to be sponsored by an American family.

The rest would have to leave, Gingrich said.

"My guess is that 7 or 8 or 9 million would ultimately go home to get a guest or worker permit and return under the law," Gingrich said.
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Immigration abroad – Norway, politics
Labour Party looks to slash Oslo immigrant dominance
The Local [Norway], 16 December 2011

Leading Labour Party politicians in Oslo believe voters have too much influence in the city and are calling for changes to the country's election laws after immigrant candidates snagged eleven of the party's 20 seats on the City Council.

Among those backing legislative change is Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre, who sits on the board of a local Labour committee that wants parties to be able to present voters with a list of 15 hand-picked candidates.

In accordance with current rules, the party populated its list with ten names in this autumn's city elections

This left voters with plenty of scope to select their own preferred candidates, enabling seven politicians with immigrant backgrounds to sail into winning positions after managing to secure enough personal votes for a seat.

"We've now got three representatives from Somalia and Somaliland. That's in excess of what one might expect," party veteran Rune Gerhardsen told newspaper VG.

Gerhardsen stressed that his desire for a rule change did not stem from any sense of dissatisfaction with the current councillors, but he did argue there was a need for greater balance.

"Comparatively small pressure groups can make relatively large gains when they apply enough resources. Ethnic groups have shown themselves to be good at mobilizing," he said. ...

Among representatives of Norway's other main parties, there was no support for the idea of lengthening pre-populated electoral lists.

"I can see that the Labour Party's City Council group in Oslo is skewed, both from an ethnic and geographical perspective, but that just shows that party democracy is more or less dead within the Labour Party beyond the group of active immigrants," said Conservative Party (Høyre) MP Per-Kristian Foss to politisk.no.

"That's a problem for Oslo's Labour Party; I don't think parliament should change the election law," he added.

Anders Anundsen from the Progress Party said Labour would be better advised to move in the exact opposite direction, a view supported by the Centre Party's Per Olaf Lundteigen.
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Immigration abroad – Israel
Israel moves to halt flow of illegal African workers
Abraham Rabinovich
The New Zealand Herald, 12 December 2011

The Israeli Government yesterday adopted an emergency plan to turn back the tide of African migrant workers crossing into Israel, the one country with a Western economy Africans can reach on foot.

Warning that the number of illegal immigrants could reach 100,000 a year, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the influx posed an economic, social and security threat to the country.

"Entire populations are starting to move and if we don't act to stop this we will be washed away," he said.

"It's no longer a choice but a necessity."

Israel's population is about seven million. The Government decided to trim the budget of all ministries by 2 per cent to fund a US$167 million ($216 million) programme that would include the completion of a fence along the 193km border with Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, which the migrants must cross to reach Israel, and the construction of large detention facilities to temporarily house those who make it across.

Netanyahu said he would fly to Africa to discuss with government leaders in several states the return of migrants to their countries of origin. His trip is expected to take place in three months.

The bulk of the infiltrators come from Sudan and Eritrea but Netanyahu said almost all were labour migrants and not bona fide refugees.

"Refugees are a small portion of this stream," he said.

"We will continue to look after them. But we have no obligation to receive illegal migrants."

There are just over 50,000 illegal migrants in the country but they are now arriving at the rate of about 2000 a month, Israeli officials say.

They make the arduous trip across the Sinai desert with the aid of Bedouin guides.

The migrants have come to form sizeable blocks in cities in southern Israel and in the poorest sections of Tel Aviv.

Many residents and local officials have protested at their presence, citing increased crime and sanitation problems.

The Cabinet also decided to impose fines of up to US$20,000 on enterprises employing illegal immigrants.

"If need be, we'll shut down these enterprises so that the enterprise we call 'the State of Israel' won't be shut down," said Netanyahu.

Israel presently has a detention centre not far from the Sinai border which holds about 2000 infiltrators. It will now be tripled in size.

The border fence was initially designed principally to prevent terrorists from crossing into Israel from Egyptian territory but the prevention of huge legal immigration has come to be seen as a task of no less urgency.
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Immigration abroad – illegal immigrants, religion, USA
Hispanic bishops letter offers sympathy to illegal immigrants
Jim Forsyth
Reuters, 12 December 2011

The nation's 33 Hispanic Roman Catholic Bishops released on Monday a strongly worded "letter to immigrants" suggesting illegal immigrants deserve thanks from Americans, and calling for "denunciation of the forces which oppress them."

The bishops have come out in support of comprehensive immigration reform and a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants before, as they do again in the letter, but it uses stronger language and goes further in offering support to undocumented immigrants.

The letter was released by San Antonio Archbishop Gustavo Garcia-Siller and Los Angeles Archbishop Jose Gomez, the highest ranking Mexican-Americans in the U.S. Catholic Conference of Bishops.

"We are well aware of the great sacrifice you make for your families' well being," portions of the letter say.

"Despite your contributions to the well-being of our country, instead of receiving our thanks, you are often treated as criminals because you have violated current immigration laws."

The letter is being released on the feast day of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico and the Continental Americas. On December 12 many immigrants to the United States from Latin America, who are overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, return to churches to reconnect with their heritage.

Garcia-Siller and Gomez, the only Latino Archbishops in the U.S. church, are natives of Mexico and U.S. citizens. ...

Garcia-Siller said he "can't control what other people say."

"It pains and saddens me that many of our Catholic brothers and sisters have not supported our petitions for changes in the immigration law that will protect the basic rights of immigrants," he said.
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Immigration abroad – crime, fraud, Canada
Thousands to be stripped of Canadian citizenship in historic fraud sweep
National Post, 9 December 2011

The federal government is set to crack down on 4,700 more people believed to have obtained citizenship or permanent resident status illegally in what's being dubbed the biggest citizenship fraud sweep in Canadian history.

Immigration Minister Jason Kenney is expected to make the announcement that "Canadian citizenship is not for sale" on Friday.

He will unveil the details in Montreal where Nizar Zakka – an immigration consultant suspected of fraud – was arrested in 2009. ... ...

The announcement comes six months after the government moved to strip 1,800 people of their Canadian citizenship or permanent resident status for the same reasons. Up until this year, Canada had revoked just 67 citizenships since the Citizenship Act came into force in 1947.

The bulk of the citizenship fraud cases are said to be linked to Zakka as well as Halifax immigration consultant Hassan Al-Awaid, who was charged in March with more than 50 citizenship fraud-related offences. ...

Letters are currently being sent to the 6,500 people from 100 countries indicating that Canada is revoking their citizenship or permanent resident status due to fraud. ...

The government has been taking action against citizenship fraud for some time. The Cracking Down on Crooked Consultants Act, which imposes tough new penalties for immigration consultants convicted of fraud, including fines and/or prison, is now law in Canada.
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Immigration abroad – politics, USA
Immigration becomes hot topic in presidential race
Erin Kelly
USA Today, 8 December 2011

Immigration reform may be going nowhere in Congress, but that hasn't stopped the volatile issue from heating up the Republican presidential primary in surprising ways. ...

Political analysts say the issue has proved powerful despite the general reluctance of politicians to discuss it and the conventional wisdom that most voters are too preoccupied with the nation's economic woes to care much about it. ...

While immigration has played a larger than expected role in the Republican primary debates, it's hard to say how often it will come up in the general presidential election or in the congressional elections, analysts say.

All of the major Republican presidential candidates oppose Obama's call for comprehensive immigration reform, which would include a pathway to citizenship for many of the nearly 11 million illegal immigrants already living here.
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Immigration abroad – Israel
Yishai: Every African 'infiltrator' will return home
JPost.com staff and Ben Hartman
Jerusalem Post, 8 December 2011

Interior Minister Eli Yishai vowed Thursday to exert every effort to see that "the last of the infiltrators return to their countries," referring to the some 50,000 African economic migrants, asylum seekers and refugees currently in Israel.

Speaking with Army Radio, Yishai dismissed the notion that Sudanese, Eritreans and other Africans in Israel have any standing to seek political asylum. "These are not refugees, these are economic migrants who want to come to Israel for work," he said.

Their presence "is an existential threat" to the State of Israel, he asserted, vowing to "defend the Jewish majority." The interior minister added, "Each and every one of them will return to their countries."
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Immigration abroad – assimilation, diversity, politics
Too Big to Assimilate [part 1]
Ryan James Girdusky
Townhall.com, 6 December 2011

To the overwhelming majority of Republicans as well as the majority of Americans, both parties have failed on the crisis of immigration reform. The doctrine of both parties professed that Wall Street was too big to fail, yet neither party is willing to forfeit praise to the elitists' golden calf of diversity and admit that our immigration policy - both legal and illegal - is now too big to assimilate. ...

Back in Gingrich's home state of Georgia, Governor Nathan Deal had an illegal alien crisis. More than 425,000 illegal aliens resided in the state, a 123% increase from 2000 to 2006, at a cost of $2.4 billion annually according to Federation for American Immigration Reform. Governor Deal, unlike most Washington politicians, took the issue head on by signing into law HB87, "The Illegal Immigration Enforcement and Reform Act." The law amongst other provisions mandates E-Verify to all Georgia businesses, has a stricter punishment for people who fake identification to get a job, new ID regulations in order to obtain welfare, and punishes businesses who knowingly hire illegals with a $10,000 fine. The result of this new tough enforcement has been that many illegal aliens have self-deported either back to their native country or to states that offer better safe havens. This may result in hundreds of millions of dollars saved for taxpayers per year in welfare and education costs saved to the taxpayers. ...

None of the candidates on the stage in last week's debate has been more tone deaf to the political realities of our immigration problem than Mitt Romney. Henceforth Governor Romney stated, "This is a party that loves legal immigration." ...

The issue of immigration goes far beyond the GOP. According to Gallup, a plurality of Americans and at times a majority have favored reducing the amount of legal immigration since 1987. Most recently in 2011, 43% of Americans said we should reduce the amount of legal immigration while only 18% said we should increase legal immigration. It calls into question, then, why almost all GOP candidates for president have declared that we need to make immigration easier and take in more immigrants. ...

When the citizens have had to vote on issues of immigration, they have mostly stood pro-enforcement. From Proposition 187 in California to voting for the re-election of Governor Jan Brewer who saw her poll numbers increase from 42% to 56% after signing SB 1070 into law. SB 1070, which was tepidly accepted by some Republicans and rejected by almost all Democrats, has been responsible for 100,000 illegal immigrants leaving Arizona in the two months that followed the bill's passage. ...

All GOP candidates are missing one vital element to modern immigration, that being assimilation. Assimilation is the process that took nearly 12 million German, Italian and Irish immigrants from 1865 to 1924 and turned them into the greatest generation of Americans. This process is lost today; immigrants are encouraged to keep their heritage, language, faiths, and tribal laws. Discrimination against women, anti-American bigotry, hatred of "old white men", and refusal to become American have been well documented across the country; from Somali cab drivers in Minnesota, to a UCLA professors, to students who hang the American flag under the Mexican flag in a California high school.
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Immigration abroad – assimilation, diversity, politics
Too Big to Assimilate [part 2]
Ryan James Girdusky
Townhall.com, 6 December 2011

ESL classes, ethnic balkanization, and anti-American sentiment have driven much of the uneasiness amongst most Americans. Yet this vital key of American immigration policy for 200 years has not only been abandoned, it is completely ignored by one party and viewed as racist white supremacy by the other. Assimilation is treason in the multicultural tower of Babel. ...

Robert Putnam, Harvard Professor and author of Bowling Alone, The Collapse and Revival of American Community stated in an interview at Harvard, "New unfamiliar diversity is to make everyone uncomfortable... We get less involved with our community and we trust everyone less." Putnam states the way to counter this is to "create a sense of shared identity."

However the question remains: When a nation is taking in two million legal and illegal immigrants per year, mostly from the third world, how can we create a common shared identity?

The breakdown of our common civic society and the evaporation of our social capital have caused trust of our community and our government to go into free fall. Take into account a Gallup poll in 1964 on the question of "Can most people can be trusted?" in which 77% responded yes. By 1996, only 8% of Americans said that "the honesty and integrity of the average American" were improving, and 50% thought we were becoming less trustworthy.

The United States may very well be balkanizing. Black self-segregation and white flight have been well documented throughout the country. The United States is turning into a high school cafeteria, where the jocks sit amongst themselves, as do the cheerleaders, as do the nerds, as do the dungeons and dragons fans. Not because they hate one another, but they prefer to be amongst their own based on "positive feelings" as described by Professor Robert DeFina of Villanova University on his study of African Americans' self-segregating.

And as this crisis of confidence and cohesion engulf main street Americans, the ivory towers of Washington are immune. The Democratic Party is the party of "multiculturalism, mass immigration and the mortgage crisis". It would just be in the interest of diversity if the Republican Party could offer a different solution. ...

In 1924, Calvin Coolidge signed an immigration act that decreased the flow of immigrants to 2% of the population until it was overturned in 1965 by Lyndon Johnson. This 41 year gap on mass immigration allowed the unity of the American people; "out of many, one." Such boldness is rare in modern political life. The only possible solution appears to be drafting Calvin Coolidge in 2012.
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Immigration abroad – cost, Sweden
Poverty on the rise among immigrants: study
The Local [Sweden], 2 December 2011

Two thirds of the people in Sweden relying long term on social benefits have a foreign background, while child poverty in the same group is becoming more and more serious, according to new reports.

"It is a real problem that poverty in Sweden has taken on an ethnic dimension," said Björn Halleröd, sociology professor at Gothenburg university, to daily Dagens Nyheter (DN).

The report published in the paper revealed that 67 percent of those on long term benefits were born overseas, with unemployment being the main cause.

Using statistics from 2010, of the 117,000 people on long term benefits, (defined in this case as over 10 months), 78,000 were from foreign countries.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Gingrich and Immigration
Thomas Sowell
Townhall.com, 29 November 2011

One of the issues that have aroused concern among conservative Republicans is that of amnesty for illegal immigrants, especially after Gingrich said that it would not be "humane" to deport someone who has been living and working here for years.

Let's go back to square one. The purpose of American immigration laws and policies is not to be either humane or inhumane to illegal immigrants. The purpose of immigration laws and policies is to serve the national interest of this country.

There is no inherent right to come live in the United States, in disregard of whether the American people want you here. Nor does the passage of time confer any such right retroactively. ...

"No one honestly believes the government should or will mount a nationwide manhunt to deport millions of people," according to the Wall Street Journal.

What we have today is virtually the opposite of that. Cities that openly proclaim themselves "sanctuaries" for illegal immigrants put their own policemen under strict orders not to report illegal immigrants to the federal authorities, with the result that illegal immigrants who have committed crime after crime are free to stay here and commit more crimes, including murder.

You don't have to launch a "manhunt" when a known criminal is also a known illegal alien. What many local policies have done has been to virtually put illegal aliens in a witness protection program.

The more doctrinaire libertarians see the benefits of free international trade in goods, and extend the same reasoning to free international movement of people. But goods do not bring a culture with them. Nor do they give birth to other goods to perpetuate that culture.

Why do people want to come to America in the first place? Because America offers them something that their native countries do not. This country has a culture which has produced a higher standard of living and a freer life than in many other countries.

When you import people, you import cultures, including cultures that have been far less successful in providing decent lives and decent livelihoods. The American people have a right to decide for themselves whether they want unlimited imports of cultures from other countries.

At one time, immigrants came to America to become Americans. Today, the apostles of multiculturalism and grievance-mongering have done their best to keep foreigners foreign and, if possible, feeling aggrieved. Our own schools and colleges teach grievances.

European countries have learned the hard way how massive imports of a foreign culture can undermine your own culture, polarize your population and create internal dangers that are irreversible. Victor Davis Hanson's chilling and insightful book "Mexifornia" shows similar patterns in California.

Moreover, in an age of terrorism, everyone who comes across the border from Mexico is not Mexican. It is the height of irresponsibility to leave that border open and the people who cross it a protected group.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Why Gingrich's immigration plan is unworkable
David Frum
CNN - Cable News Network, 28 November 2011

Immigration is the only issue where a political candidate can totally do the bidding of the K Street lobbyists and still be hailed as compassionate and humane.

At CNN's Republican National Security Debate this past Tuesday, former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich reconfirmed his longstanding immigration policy:

– A commitment to enhanced border security

– A guest worker program

– Individual hearings for each of 12 million or so illegal aliens, at which those with long ties to the country will gain residency rights

– No citizenship for illegal entries

On its face, this program is unworkable. Examine each piece in turn:

The border is the wrong place to stop illegal immigration, if only because tighter security wouldn't stop the up to 45% of the illegal population who enter the country legally, then overstay their visas, as estimated by the Senate Committee on Homeland Security.

The right place to stop illegality is the workplace. If employers faced an effective requirement to hire only legal workers, and meaningful penalties for breaking the law, we'd change the incentive structure that creates the problem in the first place. As is, employers are punished only if they can be shown to have employed illegal labor "knowingly," meaning that so long as the employee produces a valid-seeming Social Security number, the employer goes scot-free. Even if somehow caught, the fines are small. Under those circumstances, you could deploy the whole U.S. Army on the Mexican border and hardly make an impact on the problem.

Immigration enforcement inescapably impinges on employers, especially employers in low-wage industries such as restaurants, hotels, groundskeeping and meatpacking, whose voices are heard through those K Street lobbyists.

Border security is the policy you endorse if you don't want to impinge on employers. Which means that border security is the policy you endorse if you don't want your immigration enforcement to succeed. ...

Guest working is the policy you endorse if your labor market priority is a cheaper and more pliable work force. ...

Hearings are the policy you endorse if your real goal is to find a way to represent amnesty as something other than amnesty.

Gingrich proposes to confer on much of the 12 million illegal population the right to live and work in the United States, but not citizenship. That is, not the right to vote.

At a stroke, the measure would create a huge class of subordinated workers in this country. ...
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Immigration abroad – Russia
200,000 illegal migrants detained in Russia yearly - FMS
Voice of Russia, 23 November 2011

Russia's law enforcers detain about 200,000 illegal migrants annually, the Federal Migration Service says.

According to Konstantin Romodanovsky, this number has remained practically the same for several years.

In the estimates of the Federal Migration Service chief, the Russian budget loses up to 40 billion rubles in unpaid taxes yearly.

More than 9 million migrants are staying on the territory of the Russian Federation at the moment, official reports say.
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Immigration abroad – Australia, illegal immigrants
Taxpayers wear burden of 60,000 illegal immigrants
Peter Mickelburough
Herald Sun, 21 November 2011

Australia has enough illegal immigrants on the loose to populate a large regional city.

A Herald Sun investigation has found that nearly 60,000 people - one in every 390 - is in the country unlawfully, sparking renewed calls for a crackdown.

The 58,400 foreign citizens hiding illegally among us easily outnumber the populations of Mildura or Shepparton - Victoria's fifth and sixth biggest cities.

And they dwarf the 4700 asylum seekers who arrived by boat in 2010-11.

Documents released to the Herald Sun under Freedom of Information also reveal the biggest groups of illegals are Chinese, Americans, Malaysians, Britons and South Koreans.

More than half have been here for five or more years; 20,000 for a decade or more; and two in three have evaded authorities for more than two years. (The figures do not include visitors who overstay visas by less than a fortnight.) ...

There were 10,600 more illegals at June 30 last year than in 2005.
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Immigration abroad – Belgium, Muslims
Belgium: 25 Percent Of Brussels Population Is Muslim
Eurasia Review / Kuwait News Agency, 18 November 2011

More than 250,000 residents out of a total population of one million in Brussels have Muslim roots, according to a study carried out by the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium and published in the Belgian media Friday.

The study was carried out by Felice Dasetto, a sociologist and a professor at the university who is considered to be an expert in issues relating to Muslims in Belgium.

Brussels the political capital of the European Union accounts for half of the total number of Muslims in Belgium. ...

It claims that the Islamic presence is becoming more and more visible in Brussels with more mosques and minarets, more women wearing a veil and more Muslim organisations.

The study argues that the Islamic faith has the power to mobilise people to a very big extent, more than for example the Catholic church or political parties.
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Immigration abroad – Brazil
Brazil 2010 census shows changing race balance
BBC, 17 November 2011

For the first time, non-white people make up the majority of Brazil's population, according to preliminary results of the 2010 census.

Out of around 191m Brazilians, 91 million identified themselves as white, 82m as mixed race and 15m as black.

Whites fell from 53.7% of the population in 2000 to 47.7% last year.

The once-a-decade census showed rising social indicators across Brazil as a result of economic growth, but also highlighted enduring inequalities.

The census was conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

"It is the first time a demographic census has found the white population to be below 50%" it said in its report.

The number of people identifying as black rose from 6.2% to 7.6%, while the number saying they were of mixed race rose from 38.5% to 43.1%.

Among minority groups, 2m Brazilians identified themselves as Asian, and 817,000 as indigenous. ...

However, in almost all fields of human development the census revealed enduring inequalities between north and south Brazil, between urban and rural areas, and between rich and poor.

The IBGE highlighted "acute income disparity" in Brazil, with the richest 10% of the population gaining 44.5% of total income compared to just 1.1% for the poorest 10%.

It said more than half of the population earned less than the minimum wage and, on average, white and Asian Brazilians earned twice as much as black or mixed-race Brazilians.

Brazil is one of the most ethnically-diverse countries in the world and many Brazilians regard their nation as a "racial democracy" where there is little overt racism.

Nonetheless black Brazilians - the descendants of African slaves brought over during Portuguese colonial rule - are much more likely to be poor and rarely reach the top levels of business or politics.
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Immigration abroad – Greece
A Symptom of the Crisis: Greeks Vexed By Growing Crime
Paul Glader
Spiegel Online, 11 November 2011

With a struggling economy, massive austerity measures and increasing uncertainty, crime is surging in parts of Greece. ... ...

... Athenians say that cases of drug trafficking, prostitution, murder, thefts, burglaries, petty crime and illegal immigration have all increased as the Greek economy contracts. ...

"Almost a quarter of the Athenian city center is now considered off-limits by night for those unwilling to risk their valuables and, in some cases, their personal security," wrote Ioannis Michaletos, in a report for Balkanalysis.com, a site that provides research on Greece. "Athens has become arguably the worst city in the European Union (especially within the euro-zone countries) in terms of personal safety."

Thanasis Kokkalakis, a spokesman for the Hellenic Police, the Greek national police force, said the increase of illegal immigrants from Europe, Africa and Asia is contributing to the increase in crime. ... ...

"Very good professionals are deciding to leave Greece," said Michalis Zervogiannakis, a finance director for GE Healthcare in Greece. "In the future, many more will follow." He and others compare the ensuing "brain drain" to that of the 1960s, which sent Greek professionals in droves to the United States and elsewhere for better opportunities.

He and others predict many Athenians will also choose to move back to the islands or villages where their families come from.
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Immigration abroad – Tajikistan
Tajikistan To Monitor Illegal Chinese Immigrants
Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty, 10 November 2011

Tajikistan's migration services agency plans to open a center to monitor the presence of tens of thousands Chinese migrants in the country, RFE/RL's Tajik Service reports.

Officially there are some 1,500 Chinese working in Tajikistan but organizations such as the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimate there are more than 80,000 Chinese migrants in the country.

Muzaffar Zarifov, the head of the Tajik government's Center for Migration and Development, told RFE/RL on November 9 that it was very important to open such a center because cheap Chinese labor could exacerbate Tajikistan's unemployment problems.

He said Tajikistan should restrict immigration in order to save jobs for local people, who are forced to seek employment in Russia and other CIS countries. According to unofficial statistics, up to 1 million Tajiks go to Russia every year as seasonal laborers.

At the same time, Chinese citizens are coming in greater numbers to work in Tajikistan. ...

An official at Dushanbe's employment bureau told RFE/RL on condition of anonymity that a lot of Chinese migrants do not leave Tajikistan after their visa or work permits expire, but stay in the country and work illegally.

Some marry Tajik women in order to stay in the country. According to official statistics, during the first nine months of this year 13 children were born in Dushanbe's Hospital No. 1 to a Chinese father and Tajik mother.
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Immigration abroad – Greece
Migrants blamed amid Greek debt crisis
Mark Corcoran
ABC News, 9 November 2011
[First of a series of six articles]

As Greece slides towards the abyss of political and economic chaos, the country's enormous undocumented immigrant community is being blamed for adding to its woes.

Illegal immigrants who have swamped Greece's borders are accused of exacerbating the financial crisis that now threatens to infect other eurozone nations.

The annual cost of sustaining this immigrant population - in terms of healthcare, crime and impact on legitimate businesses - is estimated at 6 billion euros, says the president of the Athens Chamber of Commerce, Constantine Michalos.

It's not as if the Greeks don't already have enough to worry about.

In a week of high political drama, the debt crisis has triggered the resignation of prime minister George Papandreou, who has invited opposition leader Antonis Samaras to help form an interim government of national unity.

The Greek crisis now dangerously undermines the two cornerstones of the European Union: monetary union and open borders. This vast, shaky edifice is in imminent danger of collapse.

Not only does Athens face the threat of expulsion from the euro common currency, but Greece's inability to control its borders could lead to Athens' exclusion from the Schengen Agreement - the deal that allows free travel without passports between 25 European nations. ...

With its porous borders, Greece has become a convenient backdoor entry into the rest of the European Union.

In 2010, 90 per cent of all undocumented immigrants detained in the EU had entered through Greece.

Detainees were often sent back to their point of entry to the European Union - usually Greece - but this practice has now been stopped.

Last week, members of the Brussels-based European Commission made an unannounced visit to evaluate Greece's failures in border control. ...

With an official population of just 11 million, ..., Greece now hosts a staggering 1 million illegal immigrants and asylum seekers.

Nearly 130,000 people were detained last year attempting to enter Greece illegally.

The financial and migrant crises are closely linked.

Athens Chamber of Commerce president Constantine Michalos says that with no documentation and no money, immigrants pour into Greek cities, exacerbating the country's financial woes by becoming foot soldiers in the nation's 15 billion euro a year illicit street trade, controlled by organised crime. ...

And there is no sign of Greece's immigrant flood abating. ...

Existing detention centres are grossly overcrowded and detainees endure appalling conditions and suffer widespread abuses, according to human rights advocates. ...

In response, Greece's police and citizens protection minister, Christos Papoutsis, told the Kathimerini newspaper that his debt-ridden country should not be expected to invest in upgrading facilities at a time of acute austerity for its citizens. ...

"Illegal immigration is a time bomb on the lap of Greek society," Mr Papoutsis said.
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Immigration abroad – USA, diversity, public opinion
Two Worlds of Whites
Ronald Brownstein
National Journal, 8 November 2011

On the day after Barack Obama's sweeping victory in 2008, veteran Democratic pollster Stanley B. Greenberg described the modern Democratic coalition as diverse America and the whites who are comfortable with diverse America.

That appears to be even more true today. The line between whites who are comfortable with the racial and ethnic change transforming America into a "world nation" and those uneasy about it increasingly looks like one of the most important boundaries of the 2012 campaign.

The big Pew Center for the People and the Press generational survey released last week offers powerful evidence on that point. Overall, in the Pew survey, 47 percent of non-Hispanic whites agreed with the statement that "the growing number of newcomers from other countries are a threat to traditional American customs and values." Exactly 50 percent of whites disagreed.

Like an Allstate/National Journal Heartland Monitor survey released earlier this summer, Pew found that whites comfortable with the demographic changes now underway express very different attitudes than those uneasy about it on President Obama, the role of government, and the choices in the 2012 election.

Among the whites who find the increasing number of newcomers troubling, Obama's approval rating in the new Pew survey stood at just 21 percent with 70 percent disapproving. The president runs much more strongly among whites comfortable with the changes: 45 percent of them approved, while 47 percent disapproved.

Both whites comfortable and uneasy about the trends say they prefer a smaller government offering fewer services to a larger government offering more services. But the uneasy whites prefer a smaller government by 40 percentage points; among the whites comfortable with the change the gap is only 17 points. ...

As I wrote in a column this summer analyzing the similar Heartland Monitor findings, these trends don't "mean that opposition to Obama is primarily, or even largely, driven by racial resentment. But it does suggest that attitudes about the nation's changing racial composition now overlap and reinforce the more familiar ideological divides, such as differences over social issues and the role of government, that separate the two parties' electoral coalitions." Obama may sharpen these differences by embodying, in such a personal way, the demographic changes reshaping American life.
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Immigration abroad – Poland
Poland plans to relax rules in fresh amnesty for immigrants
Zoran Arbutina
Deutsche Welle, 5 November 2011

Poland has introduced a new law relaxing conditions under which illegal immigrants can claim residence in the country. The amnesty is set to make it easier for people to obtain residency and work permits.

From January 1, 2012, an amnesty law is due to come into force with the aim of making legal some half million foreigners who are currently living illegally in Poland. ...

Poland first started to have problems with immigration after its entry into the EU in 2004. As part of the EU, the country had become an attractive proposition – especially for people from Belarus and Ukraine, but also for people from places further afield such as Armenia, Chechnya and Vietnam.

Many had at first made an application for asylum in Poland and, instead of leaving when they were turned down, stayed there in the hope of starting a new life.

It is thought that about 500,000 such people are living in the country, with the overwhelming majority of them working illegally. ...

This amnesty law is the third of its kind aimed at dealing with the problem in Poland, with earlier efforts made in 2003 and 2007. The latest legislation comes into force at the beginning of 2012 and is aimed at making the current official procedure for immigrants considerably easier. ...

All migrants that fulfill the criteria will receive a two-year residence permit and the associated work permit that goes with it. ...

According to the Polish Interior Ministry, only about 5,500 immigrants took advantage of the previous two amnesty laws - roughly one percent of those it is aimed at. It is hoped that, this time, things will be different.

The Polish immigration office also hopes that the latest law will appeal to substantially more people. To do that, it has set up a special information line in three foreign languages - English, Russian and Vietnamese - for individuals to obtain information.
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Immigration abroad – China, employment
Confusion as China places levy on foreign employees
Malcolm Moore
Daily Telegraph, 1 November 2011

Foreign businesses in China have attacked new legislation requiring them to pay as much as £14,000 a year for each non-Chinese member of staff.

The law, introduced on October 15, requires employers to pay 37pc of salary, and employees 11pc, into China's social insurance schemes. Contributions are capped at between 9,000 yuan (£877) and 11,600 yuan (£1,130) a month, depending on location. In return, foreigners will be entitled to a pension, basic healthcare, and maternity, unemployment and workplace injury insurance.
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Immigration abroad – Germany
How Germany became a country of immigrants [part 1]
Jülide Danisman
Deutsche Welle, 30 October 2011

Turks first came to West Germany in large numbers after a worker recruitment agreement was signed on October 30, 1961. At the time, neither the 'guest workers' nor the German authorities expected them to stay long term. ...

They did not come with the intention of settling in Germany, and at the time, the West German government did not see any need for a specific policy for these temporary "guests." ...

The decisions that had the biggest impact on the development of Germany's Turkish population came in the 1970s, as Chancellor Willy Brandt became concerned about the societal challenges facing the country.

"We need to consider very carefully at what point our society's absorptive capacity has been reached," Brandt said in a government policy statement in 1972. ...

About 10 months later, in 1973, the government decided to put an end to the recruitment of Turkish guest workers.

According to Rita Süssmuth, the former president of the German parliament, the Bundestag, this decision had serious consequences for the country. Süssmuth remembers how almost half of the guest workers quickly returned home, while the ones that stayed started bringing their families to West Germany.

At the start of the 1970s, the government made it easier for Turkish guest workers to obtain residence permits and bring their families to join them. That's when Turks began to settle in West Germany.

Safter Cinar, the representative responsible for migration and integration issues at the German Federation of Trade Unions, believes the West German government at the time was not prepared for this wave of immigration. He criticizes West Germany for failing to do the long-term planning necessary before allowing entire families to move to the country.

"It meant that a lot of children turned up in kindergartens or schools speaking another language, practicing a different religion and coming from a different culture," he said.

The first proposals for integrating guest workers and their families came from Heinz Kühn, the West German government's first commissioner for foreigners, who presented a report on the issue in 1979.

Cinar believes many of the recommendations contained in that report remain just as relevant today.

"For example, issues like reforming the education system, hiring appropriate personnel, and education in the native language were up for discussion," he said.

Kühn also recommended that the naturalization process be sped up and simplified, and suggested that dual citizenship should be allowed.

The government of the day, though, ignored the report. Instead, Cinar points out, it introduced measures that did just the opposite, like putting restrictions on moving families to West Germany, which came into force in 1981.
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Immigration abroad – Germany
How Germany became a country of immigrants [part 2]
Jülide Danisman
Deutsche Welle, 30 October 2011

In his first policy statement after becoming West German chancellor in 1982, Helmut Kohl indicated that his government would implement a more strict policy on foreigners.

"It must be made easier for the foreigners who wish to return home to do so," said Kohl. "But they also have to decide whether they want to return home or if they want to stay here and integrate."

One year later, his government passed a law that would provide financial assistance to Turkish residents of West Germany who wished to return home. However, many immigrants didn't take the government up on the offer.

Although by the mid-1990s 2 million people of Turkish origin lived in Germany, the question of whether this was a country of immigration was still a hot topic of discussion.

Klaus Bade, chairman of the Advisory Council of the Foundations for Integration and Migration, believes it took until the end of 1990s for the issue of integration to make it onto the political agenda.

Bade argues that the center-left coalition of Social Democrats and Greens was the first government to make a serious effort at shaping integration policy in the country. The current government, under Chancellor Angela Merkel, continued down this path, according to Bade.

But at the same time, more restrictions were placed on foreigners. Dual citizenship was no longer tolerated and those wanting to move to Germany were expected to learn the language. Bringing family members to the country and gaining German citizenship through naturalization was made more difficult.

Since then, though, dialogue with immigrants has taken on a more prominent role. Integration summits under Merkel are an example of such efforts. Migration and integration have become topics of sometimes heated debate.

Looking back over the past 50 years, Bade believes the issues of migration and integration have become an integral part of German politics, and he looks to future with optimism.

Germany and German politicians now understood that the country is one of immigration, a society of immigrants. Bade says integration has become a mainstream issue, a central political issue.

As he points out, it can no longer be denied that Germany is a country of immigrants.
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Immigration abroad – Libya, Nigerians
700 young Nigerian face harder life in Libya's post-Gaddafi
Vanguard [Nigeria], 28 October 2011

On the coast outside Tripoli, a squalid refugee camp shelters hundreds of African migrants who found work under Libya's former regime, but are now jobless, discriminated against and unable to return home.

Squatting in the derelict buildings of what was once a training centre for the ousted Libyan leader's special forces, they face racist abuse, attacks and robberies as they wait each day, hoping someone will offer them work or bring emergency food handouts.

Clothes hang on makeshift washing lines. Piles of rubbish lie everywhere. ...

The camp's 700 residents are mostly young Nigerian men who fled the capital two months ago when it fell to the revolutionary forces that last week crushed the final pockets of resistance by Mummar Gaddafi loyalists.

They are a tiny fraction of the number of people displaced by the conflict.

Over 700,000 migrant workers have left Libya since February, according to the International Organisation for Migration, but tens of thousands remain.

The Nigerians, the largest migrant community in Tripoli, found casual work before the city fell, washing cars or labouring on farms and building sites, jobs shunned by most Libyans.

But with many locals angered by claims that sub-Saharan mercenaries supported Gaddafi's regime, they now face hostility in their host nation.
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Immigration abroad – USA, politics, assimilation
Pat Buchanan's new book is clear-headed
Virgil Goode
Daily Caller, 27 October 2011
[The author is a former (Republican) Congressman]

For the last two decades, Pat Buchanan has warned that America is on the edge of ruin due to our irrational immigration, economic and foreign policies. As events have proven Buchanan right, Americans have become more receptive to his brand of conservatism, which he lays out in his new book Suicide of a Superpower. ...

While Republicans have at least been giving lip service to the problem of illegal immigration, their words are rarely backed by action, and they still refuse to address legal immigration. In my opinion, this is the gravest issue facing the country. Buchanan takes the GOP to task for its dereliction of duty, "through its support of mass immigration, its support of paralysis in preventing twelve to twenty million illegal aliens from entering and staying in this country, and its failure to address the 'anchor baby' issue, the Republican Party has birthed a new electorate that will send the party the way of the Whigs."

What does he mean? Pat Buchanan accepts Howard Dean's gaffe that the GOP is "the white party" as simple truth. Pat puts the facts bluntly: "Due to the immigration and higher birthrates among people of color, America is becoming less white and less Christian – and therefore inevitably less Republican."

No doubt many will accuse him of racism for making this point, but Buchanan quotes many liberal commentators who say they support immigration for that very reason. For example Michael Moore consoled liberals after George W. Bush's victory in 2004, "88% of Bush's support came from white voters, in 50 years America will no longer have a white majority." Assuming our immigration policies do not change, that date will actually be 2042.

One would think that out of pure political calculus, Republicans would oppose mass immigration, but instead GOP strategist Lance Tarrance called for the party to abandon the Southern Strategy for the "Hispanic Strategy." However, as Buchanan shows, Hispanics vote overwhelmingly Democratic regardless of a GOP candidate's position on immigration. In fact, a higher percentage of Hispanics support tough immigration policies than vote Republican.

Of course, there are many more important reasons to be opposed to massive immigration than how it will affect the GOP's electoral chances. For starters, there is the issue of American jobs. As Buchanan notes, "to bring in foreign workers when 34 million Americans are still underemployed or out of work is to put corporate profits ahead of country."

Perhaps most importantly, immigration without assimilation is undermining our very culture. With the majority of illegal immigrants and the plurality of legal immigrants coming from Mexico, Buchanan notes that many of our southern neighbor's leaders and citizens have a grudge against America. He cites a Zogby poll that found that "69% of the people in Mexico believe that the first loyalty of U.S. Citizens of Mexican descent should be to Mexico." Mexico even has a government Office for Mexicans Abroad with the explicit purpose of preventing assimilation. According to the one-time head of the agency Juan Hernandez, "I want the third generation, the seventh generation, I want them all to think 'Mexico First.'"
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Immigration abroad – USA, Asians
Asian Americans now country's fastest growing racial group
Los Angeles Times, 26 October 2011

Increased immigration from South Asia helped fuel the rapid growth in the number of Asian Americans over the last decade as well as an influx of Asians to states such as Nevada, Arizona, North Carolina and Georgia, according to an analysis of U.S. Census data released Wednesday.

Growing numbers of Indians, Bangladeshis and Pakistanis and other South Asians highlight the increasing diversity of Asian Americans in the U.S. and the need for policymakers to understand that diversity, according to "A Community of Contrasts," published by the Asian American Center for Advancing Justice. ...

According to the report, which used 2010 Census, American Community Survey and other government data, immigration, both legal and illegal, has fueled most of the population growth. Approximately 60% of Asian Americans are foreign-born and about 1 million are undocumented, according to the report.

Among the undocumented, those from the Philippines, India, South Korea and China make up the largest numbers.

Though California's population of more than 5.5 million Asian Americans remained the country's largest, several other states showed significant growth over the last decade.
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Immigration abroad – Ukraine
EU to grant Ukraine 30 million euros to tackle problem of illegal migrants
National Radio Company of Ukraine, 20 October 2011

The European Union has allocated EUR 30 million to address the problems of illegal migrants in Ukraine, strengthen the national policy on migration, as well as to build seven temporary accommodation centers and two migrant detention centers over the next 2.5 years.

This support is provided in the context of the Agreement on Readmission between the EU and Ukraine.
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Immigration abroad – USA, deportation, illegal immigrants
Bogus Deportation Statistics Released by Obama, Say Lawmakers
Jim Kouri
Family Security Matters, 20 October 2011

President Barack Obama's Homeland Security Department officials released a report that claims Immigration and Customs Enforcement deported a record number of illegal immigrants in the last fiscal year, including an "unprecedented number of convicted illegals with criminal records."

However, a closer look at the figures reveals the report is bogus, according to the lawmaker in-charge of immigration oversight.

In the 2011 fiscal year which ended last month, ICE officials claim they deported more than 396,000 illegal immigrants nationwide – the largest number in the agency's history, ICE officials said in a statement released yesterday. Of these, nearly 55 percent or more than 216,000 of the people deported were convicted of felonies or misdemeanors – an 89 percent increase since FY 2008 when George W. Bush was president.

"Smart and effective immigration enforcement relies on setting priorities for removal and executing on those priorities," said ICE Director John Morton in a press statement.

However, there are some who claim the figures released by Morton – who was the recipient of a unanimous "vote of no confidence" by his own staff, the men and women who serve as ICE agents – are purposely misleading or out-and-out bogus.

House Judiciary Committee Chairman Lamar Smith (R-Texas) issued a biting statement upon reading the ICE statistics.

"The Obama administration continues to inflate its deportation numbers. The administration includes voluntary removals in its deportation statistics even though they impose no penalties on the offenders and make it easier for illegal immigrants to return to the U.S.," said Rep. Smith.

"In other words, the Obama administration is cooking the books to make it look like they are enforcing immigration laws, when in reality they are enacting amnesty through inaction," he stated.

Under the Obama administration, worksite enforcement has dropped 70%, making it easier for illegal immigrants to live and work in the U.S. And DHS recently established a working group with the specific purpose of overruling or preventing orders of removal for illegal immigrants.

Even President Obama admitted to Hispanic voters recently that his administration's deportation numbers are 'deceptive.'

"It's disappointing that the Obama administration continues to put illegal immigrants before the American people. Fourteen million Americans are currently looking for work," Smith pointed out.

"Meanwhile, seven million illegal immigrants have jobs in the U.S. We could free up millions of jobs for citizens and legal immigrants if we simply enforced our immigration laws. The President's policies just don't add up. It's time to elect a President that puts the American people first by enforcing our immigration laws," Smith urged.
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Immigration abroad – USA, illegal immigrants
Napolitano: DHS Authorizing Illegal Aliens to Work in U.S.
Edwin Mora
CNSNews, 19 October 2011

Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano told the Senate Judiciary Committee on Wednesday that under the administration's policy of exercising "prosecutorial discretion" in the enforcement of the immigration laws, her department is currently authorizing some illegal aliens to work in the United States.

Sen. Charles Grassley (R-Iowa), the ranking member of the Judiciary Committee, asked Napolitano: "According to the information from your department, some individuals who are given relief will obtain work authorizations. So people with no right to be in the country will be allowed to work here. Is that correct?"

Napolitano said: "Well, senator, since around 1986 there has been a process where those who are technically unlawfully in the country may apply for work authorization. This goes to CIS [Citizenship and Immigration Services]. It's not an ICE [Immigration and Customs Enforcement] or CBP [Customs and Border Protection] function. And those cases are reviewed by CIS in a case-by-case basis. So there's no change in that process. Like I said, that goes back to the mid-80s that is contemplated now."

Sen. Grassley then asked, "But yes, some of them could have an opportunity to work here even though they are here illegally?"

"Well, that happens now, senator," said Napolitano.

The three agencies she mentioned are all components of DHS.
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Immigration abroad – deportation, crime, USA
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement deports record number of immigrants
MyDesert.com, 18 October 2011

Nearly 400,000 people were deported by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement last year – the largest number in the agency's history.

Deportations have been on the rise for the past decade, and the 396,906 illegal immigrants deported in fiscal year 2011 is the highest number yet, according to the annual numbers released today.

Under the Obama administration, Homeland Security has focused on removing criminals, those who have crossed the border or repeatedly violated immigration law.

In the most recent fiscal year, nearly 55 percent of those removed from the country – or 216,698 people – had been convicted of felonies or misdemeanors.

That is the highest percentage in nearly a decade and nearly double the number of criminals removed two years prior.

The crimes committed ranged from 1,119 people convicted of homicide to 35,927 people convicted of driving under the influence.
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Immigration abroad – Denmark
A Blow to Europe's Far-Right: Denmark Reshapes Its Immigration Policies
William Lee Adams
Time, 6 October 2011

When the Liberal-Conservative coalition led by Lars Lokke Rasmussen came to power in Denmark in 2001, it relied on support from the right-wing and staunchly anti-immigrant Danish People's Party (DPP). As a result of that union, Denmark passed some of the strictest immigration and asylum laws in Europe. Among other things, its policies restricted benefits to immigrants, limited their ability to work and required Danes marrying a foreigner to post an $11,600 bond. The number of asylum seekers and relatives of immigrants applying for entry into the country dropped by nearly 70% over nine years, and the DPP moved closer to its goal: a complete end to immigration from non-Western countries.

But Helle Thorning-Schmidt, Denmark's new prime minister, has plans to change all that. Thorning-Schmidt, who led a left-leaning, three-party alliance to victory on Sep. 15 and formed her government on Oct. 3, has already announced bold policy moves that will dramatically alter the tone of Denmark's debate on immigration.

The government's common policy outlines a number of concrete changes. They include automatic citizenship for children born and raised in Denmark, regardless of their parents' citizenship; equal welfare rights for immigrants and Danes; vast reductions in application fees and cash securities; expanded work benefits for asylum seekers; and the possibility of dual citizenship, which will ease the naturalization process. The coalition also plans to ease family reunification rules, which have seen 800 children denied residency permits since 2005, frequently leading to the separation of children and their parents. ...

Thorning-Schmidt has also binned the previous government's plans to erect permanent customs control points along the Danish border. The previous government had, at the behest of the DPP, insisted on the checkpoints to curb crime and reduce illegal immigration. ...

Denmark's coalition will abolish the Immigration Ministry – a strong signal that the far-right's grip on immigration really is over. ... Just as symbolic, perhaps, is the appointment of Indian-born Manu Sareen as the head of the Equality Ministry, making him the country's fist minister of immigrant origin.

Symbolism, of course, will do little to dampen resentment from the moderate and right-wing politicians who oppose the government's more open approach. Speaking to Denmark's Berlingske newspaper, Síren Pind, the outgoing immigration minister, suggested that the new policies will unleash a flood of problems. "This is open borders and an open till," he said. "We will see an increase in people on public assistance who do not come from Denmark. And abolishing the point system will just bring the Anatolian Plateau that much closer. This is certainly not what they promised during the election."
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Immigration abroad – Libya, Europe
Gaddafi's migrant invasion plan revealed
Tom Coughlan
The Australian / The Times, 3 October 2011

Sitting on the dockside in Tripoli harbour is one of the strangest crime scenes left by the Gaddafi regime.

Harbour officials recall the day - Friday, May 6 - that a 100ft-long boat sailed off with its name painted over, as well as the reasons for its departure.

"When NATO said there was a no-fly zone, after that Gaddafi [police] caught [migrant workers] in the street and took them by bus and put them on a boat and sent them to Europe," said Abdul Bost, a harbour official. "Some people were jumping from the boats and swimming back."

Libya's new rebel government is to investigate claims that Colonel Muammar Gaddafi tried to trigger an immigrant invasion of Southern Europe as a crude weapon against Nato nations backing the rebels.

Just beyond the mouth of the harbour, the overloaded boat capsized and sank. ... ...

The Times has learnt that the new Libyan authorities are investigating at least one other similar case. ...

Whatever the government findings, the revolution has proved a catastrophe for Libya's sub-Saharan African migrants, who have always endured racial abuse whilst taking on menial labour in the country. Reports that black African mercenaries fought for Gaddafi forces have sent many remaining blacks into hiding, fearful of lynching by revolutionary forces.

IOM officials said that 200,000 migrant workers had returned to Chad and Niger since the start of the revolution. They added that there were almost no attempts to sail to Europe from Libya in 2010, after a deal between the Gaddafi regime and Italy.

Since February there have been about 20,000 crossings to the Italian island of Lampedusa, whether coerced or driven by desperation or opportunity, is not clear.
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Immigration abroad – Italy, deportation
600 Tunisians flown home from Italy
Yahoo / AFP, 1 October 2011

Six hundred Tunisian illegal immigrants who arrived in Italy by boat have been deported in a week, the interior ministry announced on Sunday.

They were put on several flights from Palermo, Sicily, under an agreement signed on April 5 between Tunis and Rome arranging the systematic deportation of Tunisians arriving illegally.

The flood of immigrants from Tunisia had dried up immediately after the accord but recently resumed.

According to official statistics by the end of July Italy had registered 24,769 arrivals from Tunisia, in addition to 23,267 nationals from sub-Saharan Africa fleeing the conflict in Libya.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Built to Fail: Deception and Disorder in America's Immigration Courts
Mark H. Metcalf
Center for Immigration Studies, October 2011

American immigration courts are the heart of a system that nurtures scandal. Their work touches nearly every aspect of America's immigration system. These courts are essential to recruit the bright and talented to American shores, to alleviate persecution, and to secure this nation's borders and neighborhoods. But they cannot perform their critical work. Deception and disorder rule. These courts have become – in the words of frustrated judges – "play courts." In reality, they are courts that are built to fail.

Weakness is supreme and its impact is pervasive:

• Very few aliens who file lawsuits to remain in the United States are deported, even though immigration courts – after years of litigation – order them removed.

• Deportation orders are rarely enforced, even against aliens who skip court or ignore orders to leave the United States.

• Aliens evade immigration courts more often than accused felons evade state courts. Unlike accused felons, aliens who skip court are rarely caught.

• From 1996 through 2009, the United States allowed 1.9 million aliens to remain free before trial and 770,000 of them – 40 percent of the total – vanished. Nearly one million deportation orders were issued to this group – 78 percent of these orders were handed down for court evasion.

• From 2002 through 2006 – in the shadow of 9/11 – 50 percent of all aliens free pending trial disappeared. Court numbers show 360,199 aliens out of 713,974 dodged court.

• For years, the Department of Justice (DoJ) has grossly understated the number of aliens who evade court. In 2005 and 2006, DoJ said 39 percent of aliens missed court. Actually, 59 percent of aliens – aliens remaining free before trial – never showed.

• Since 1996, failures of aliens to appear in court have never dipped below 30 percent.

• Immigration judges cannot enforce their own orders. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) officials may order alien offenders arrested and deported. Immigration judges – the system's sole judicial officers – have no such authority. Judges seldom know if their orders are enforced.

• No single federal agency is exclusively tasked with enforcement of removal orders. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) executes removal orders only when its enforcement strategy says so, not – as it should – in obedience to court orders. ICE's enforcement strategy does not mention immigration courts or deportation orders.

• Enforcement of deportation orders is now nearly non-existent. Removal orders are not enforced unless aliens have committed serious crimes.

• Unexecuted removal orders are growing. As of 2002, 602,000 deportation orders had not been enforced. Since then, another 507,551 have been added to the rolls. Today, unexecuted removal orders number approximately 1,109,551 – an 84 percent increase since 2002.

• U.S. immigration courts rule in favor of aliens 60 percent of the time. DoJ suggests aliens win 20 percent of the time.

• The Department of Justice tells Congress that aliens appeal deportation orders only 8 percent of the time. In fact, over the last 10 years aliens appealed deportation orders 98 percent of the time.

...
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Immigration abroad – USA
A Record-Setting Decade of Immigration: 2000-2010
Steven A. Camarota
Center for Immigration Studies, October 2011

New data from the Census Bureau show that the nation's immigrant population (legal and illegal), also referred to as the foreign-born, reached 40 million in 2010, the highest number in American history. Nearly 14 million new immigrants (legal and illegal) settled in the country from 2000 to 2010, making it the highest decade of immigration in American history. This is the case even though there was a net decline of jobs during the decade. In contrast, from 1990 to 2000 job growth was 22 million and 13.2 million new immigrants arrived. Immigrants come for many reasons, such as a desire to join relatives or to access public services. As a result, immigration remains high even during a prolonged period of economic weakness. ...

• The nation's immigrant population has doubled since 1990, nearly tripled since 1980, and quadrupled since 1970, when it stood at 9.7 million.

• Of the 40 million immigrants in the country in 2010, 13.9 million arrived in 2000 or later making it the highest decade of immigration in American history, even though there was a net loss of jobs during the decade.

• New arrivals are offset by out-migration and deaths. As a result, the net increase in the immigrant population was more than 8.8 million over the last decade, from 31.1 million in 2000.
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Immigration abroad – USA, amnesty, illegal immigrants
Amnesty by Any Means: Memos Trace Evolution of Obama Administration Policy
Janice Kephart
Center for Immigration Studies, October 2011

Analysis of a series of leaked memos from within the Department of Homeland Security's highest ranks shows that the Obama administration has sought for the last year and a half to form a strategy to achieve amnesty for the illegal population without input from Congress. The goal? Ultimately, according to a June 2010 memo, the administration seeks to "reduce the threat of removal for certain individuals present in the United States without authorization." Well aware of the potential political fallout among both Congress and the American people, the administration provided internal briefs on the pros and cons of varying strategies to gain an administrative amnesty.

The course eventually decided on appears to be the now infamous June 2011 "prosecutorial discretion" memo issued by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Director John Morton. This memo, embraced by the White House a few weeks ago, sets a course that prevents the enforcement of immigration law, provides a de facto amnesty, and is effectively worker authorization for much of the current illegal population. The current course of non-enforcement is in contrast to the initial proposed strategies of proactive immigration law rewrites.

In this memo is a thorough analysis of the extent the Obama administration is willing to go to deceive America into accepting unprecedented executive branch immigration law rewrites and changes in immigration processing to get around their federal responsibility to enforce immigration law. Obama administration actions taken to peel back visa interviews abroad, reduce enforcement on our physical borders, replace worksite enforcement to worksite audits, take actions against states seeking to enforce the law but no action against sanctuary cities, and support of only two immigration enforcement programs – Secure Communities and E-Verify – make sense when placed against the backdrop of these memos. ... ...

None of these actions have been pursued without a foundational goal of "amnesty by any means." That is why 9/11 Commission findings of fact and recommendations have been rolled back or purposefully misconstrued; these policies fly in the face of our national security and our economic security. ...

Current Obama administration immigration and enforcement standards are a purposeful subversion of the law in an effort to gain Latino voters; provide a "get out of jail free" card to many illegal immigrants in our criminal justice system; assure most of the illegal population work authorization with or without E-Verify; and sidestep Congress. ...

These memos reflect an open strategy to undermine federal immigration law and its enforcement in order to legalize large swathes of the illegal population, including those about whom we know little and are in detention pending court appearances, potentially granting legality to arrested terrorists and violent criminals. Thus, nearly the entire illegal population could gain amnesty, including many who may pose a threat to public safety.
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Immigration abroad – USA, illegal immigrants, enforecement, crime
Which Way, New York? Will Feds Tolerate Local Interference or Assert Their Authority?
W.D. Reasoner
Center for Immigration Studies, October 2011
[W.D. Reasoner (a pseudonym) is a retired government employee with many years of experience in immigration administration, law enforcement, and national security matters]

New York City (NYC) provides a window into how a lack of local government cooperation can adversely affect the federal government's ability to enforce immigration laws. This obstruction affects the safety of New York City residents and the rest of the state, even the entire country. It also influences how other jurisdictions interface with ICE. Rather than use tools available to discourage this obstruction, the federal government passively accepts this interference as a fait accompli – even as it has moved recently to sue other states for trying to help with enforcement.

Three-quarters of all foreign-born arrests in the entire state of New York occur in New York City (NYC). In 2008, the latest year for which data are available, local officers arrested 52,827 immigrants in NYC.

For at least 20 years, NYC has had official policies impeding the enforcement of federal immigration laws. City policies prevent Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents from receiving notification of arrested aliens before their release from police custody.

In September 2009, NYC's Department of Correction adopted, and has since maintained, particularly obstructive policies and procedures for immigration officers and agents attempting to access criminal alien inmates housed in its detention facilities. Jail staff are required to follow procedures that actively encourage aliens to refuse to speak with ICE agents.

Since the implementation of these procedures, the number of aliens charged with immigration violations at the city's main detention facility have been cut nearly in half.

Notwithstanding its lack of cooperation, NYC has garnered millions of dollars each year in federal SCAAP (State Criminal Alien Assistance Program) funds since the program's inception.

Despite all of the above facts, the federal government has never taken action to overcome the obstacles placed in its way by NYC – either through lawsuits, withholding of funding, or executive action – so that it can perform its job of immigration law enforcement in the most effective and efficient way possible.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Hispanics fuel 'white' population growth by ticking census box but percentage of white Americans drops overall
Daily Mail, 30 September 2011

In a twist to notions of race identity, new 2010 census figures show an unexpected reason behind a renewed growth in the U.S. white population: more Hispanics listing themselves as white in the once-a-decade government count.

The shift is due to recent census changes that emphasise 'Hispanic' as an ethnicity, not a race.

While the U.S. government first made this distinction in 1980, many Latinos continued to use the 'some other race' box to establish a Hispanic identity.

In a switch, the 2010 census forms specifically instructed Latinos that Hispanic origins are not races and to select a recognised category such as white or black.

The result: a six percent increase in white Americans as tallied by the census, even though there was little change among non-Hispanic whites.

In all, the number of people in the 'white alone' category jumped by 12.1 million over the last decade to 223.6 million.

Based on that definition, whites now represent 72 percent of the U.S. population and account for nearly half of the total population increase since 2000. ...

Of the total U.S. population in 2010 of 309 million people, 231 million were white, 74 per cent. A decade earlier, the white population was about 217 million, or 77 per cent of the almost 282 million total then.

In addition, the white population grew at a slower rate - six per cent - over the past decade than the total population, which increased by almost 10 per cent, according to census officials. ...

Some demographers say the broadened white category in 2010 could lead to a notable semantic if not cultural shift in defining race and ethnicity.

Due to the impact of Hispanics, the nation's fastest-growing group, the Census Bureau has previously estimated that whites will become the minority in the U.S. by mid-century. That is based on a definition of whites as non-Hispanic, who are now at 196.8 million.

That could change, if the common conception of white were to shift. ...

The Pew Center says that even though Hispanic adults only make up 16.3 per cent of the total U.S. population, Hispanic children make up 23.1 per cent of the country's children. ...

The future is bound to bring big changes as well, with census projections expecting whites to make up a minority of the population for the first time in 2042.

Earlier projections put that turning point eight years later, but a surge in Hispanic population due to increased immigration and high birth rates moved the date up significantly.

By 2050, the percentage of Hispanics in America will double its present 15 per cent to 30 per cent.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Alabama police handed tough new powers to clamp down on illegal immigrants
Daniel Miller
Daily Mail, 29 September 2011

Police in Alabama have been granted new powers to clamp down on illegal immigrants after a federal judge several upheld key aspects of the state's new law.

Officers can now question people suspected of being in the country illegally, hold them without bond and check the immigration status of students in public schools. ...

State Governor Robert Bentley said the new law would take effect immediately adding: 'We intend to enforce it.'

Immigration has become an issue in Alabama over the past decade which has seen the state's Hispanic population grow by 145 per cent to about 185,600.

Some counties in north Alabama have large Spanish-speaking communities and schools where most of the students are Hispanic.
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Immigration abroad – racism, Libya
Why black Africans are becoming the target of racist attacks by Libya's new rulers
The East African, 25 September 2011

Contrary to what the African Union would have you believe, most people on the continent, including many potentates, were probably glad to see the back of the self-styled King of Kings. By the time of his overthrow, Col Muammar Gaddafi had become something of a sick joke – a veritable madman with grandiose visions of a United States of Africa, who had stoked murderous wars and insurrections across the continent. But following the spate of racially inspired atrocities committed by rebel forces in the wake of his ouster, for many of Libya's black residents, it seems to be a case of: "The King is Dead. Long Live the King!"

The Gaddafi days were hardly a bed of roses for darkies. According to an October 2000 article published in the Economist at the height of another pogrom targeting sub-Saharan immigrants, Libya has had a long history of racism: "Libyans were slave-trading until the 1930s and, under Italian colonial rule, they saw themselves as mediterranean, calling Africans chocalatinos."

Despite the rhetoric of pan-Africanism, Libya under Gaddafi remained a staunchly mediterranean country. Despite indigenous blacks forming 20 per cent of the population, a majority resented his overtures to their southern neighbours, preferring instead to break bread with the Arabs of the Middle East. ... ...

... According to Hein de Haas, a senior research officer at the International Migration Institute of the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, "since the 1990s, Gaddafi had actively stimulated immigration from sub-Saharan countries such as Chad and Niger as part of his 'pan-African' policies. These immigrants from extremely poor countries were easier to exploit than Arab workers. From the year 2000 onwards, violent clashes between Libyans and African workers led to the street killings of dozens of sub-Saharan migrants, who were routinely blamed for rising crime, disease and social tensions."

In a paper, The Myth of Invasion, Haas elaborates on Gaddafi's motivations.

...

In a bid to get around the air travel bans and the subsequent international isolation, he opened his land borders to the Sudanese, Chadians and Nigeriens, offering them the opportunity to work in Libya "in the spirit of pan-African solidarity." What was traditionally a destination for Egyptian and Tunisian migrants now became a major destination for sub-Saharan workers. By 2000, they numbered over a million or nearly a fifth of the total population. As tensions rose, black-bashing became a popular afternoon sport for Libya's unemployed youths. The feared security agencies did little to stop them.

Interestingly, the immigration policy represents a total about-face for Gaddafi in his dealings with the continent.
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Immigration abroad – Russia, diversity, multiculturalism, tolerance
Russian President Warns Against Xenophobia
Ellen Barry
New York Times, 8 September 2011

In one of the last major addresses of his presidential term, President Dmitri A. Medvedev on warned Thursday against allowing xenophobia into Russia's political mainstream.

His comments came as parliamentary leaders prepare for a fall campaign, and amid signs that grievances among ethnic Russians against migrants from Central Asia and the Caucasus will form one of its central themes. Mr. Medvedev has not said whether he will run for re-election next year, or step aside to allow Prime Minister Vladimir V. Putin to run.

He said modern leaders must adjust to diversity rather than try to control it, an argument that at times seemed to underline differences between himself and Mr. Putin.

"Today like never before there is a huge temptation to tighten the screws – there are always many occasions to do so," Mr. Medvedev said. "It is the most simple answer. Crime, separatism, poverty, what is to be done? What they used to say was, unite closely around the leaders of the state, and tighten the screws."

"I think the state should follow social trends, adjust to them and not drag society along behind itself," he said. "Moreover, the leaders of the state, they are also people, with their own beliefs, mistakes, delusions and values. In other words, the state should adjust to modern life, be ready to protect and enhance social diversity." ...

His comments on ethnic tolerance are not likely to please some in United Russia's leadership, who may be willing to use anti-immigrant themes to shore up support.

Among the few big events of the Yaroslavl forum was the reintroduction of Dmitri O. Rogozin, who headed a growing nationalist party, Rodina, until 2007. At that point the Kremlin appointed Mr. Rogozin its envoy to NATO, in Brussels, in part to neutralize his threat as a political competitor. That plan remained in place until last month, when the Justice Ministry allowed Mr. Rogozin to register a new organization, Rodina-Congress of Russian Communities.

In a group discussion on Wednesday, Mr. Rogozin said that internal migrants from the North Caucasus "defiantly violate the Russian cultural standard."

"Some peoples in Russia are more equal than others, and the Russian people are now in the position of a discriminated majority," he said, in comments cited by the Kommersant, a daily newspaper.
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Immigration abroad – Somaliland, deportation, illegal immigrants
Somaliland Government to Expel All Illegal Immigrants
Somalilandpress, 6 September 2011

The Government of Somaliland today announced that it will expel about 100,000 illegal immigrants from the country. The government set one month for illegal immigrants to leave Somaliland, or face punishment, warning Somalilanders found hiding illegal immigrants will also be subject to punishment.

The Government plans to repatriate about 80,000 - 90,000 illegal immigrants mainly Ethiopians in one month. In a joint press conference by the deputy minister and the general director for the Interior ministry, General Director of the Ministry of Resettlement, governor of MarodiJeh region and the Mayor of Hargeisa, ordered all illegal immigrants in Somaliland to leave within thirty days, calling upon all Somaliland citizens to help the government in removing illegal foreigners.

"The government calls for all illegal persons in Somaliland who were not accepted as a refugee, to leave the country immediately" said the Deputy Minister for Interior Affairs.

There are about 470 families from Pakistan, Yemen and Ethiopia accepted as refugees and they will not be affected by this order.

The Deputy Minister for Interior Mr. Mohamoud Garaad Soofe explained the reasoning behind this announcement; "We are concerned that over 100,000 illegal immigrants living in Somaliland, doing whatever they want and going where ever they want. Moreover, large number of illegal immigrants enters the country daily, and for these reasons we are worried that these people can mix with citizens and settle down here, displacing Somaliland citizens ..."
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Immigration abroad – USA
'White flight' from U.S. cities as minorities now dominate eight of the country's biggest metro areas
Daily Mail, 31 August 2011

Ethnic minorities now form a majority in eight of America's biggest metropolitan areas, according to new statistics.

Washington D.C. joins New York, San Diego, Las Vegas and Memphis in showing a 'white flight' from some of the countries most populated zones.

The results highlighted a much wider national trend as it emerged non-Hispanic whites are now a minority in 22 of the country's 100-biggest urban areas. ...

Demographers have been shocked by the rapid changes seen in Washington D.C. - particularly in the area's schools.

A report by the Northern Virginia Regional Commission noticed that student numbers had grown by almost 119,000 from 1995 to 2010.

The number of those students who were white rose by little over 1,000.
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Immigration abroad – USA, politics
Congressman: Obama Runs End-Around on Immigration Law
U.S. Rep. F. James Sensenbrenner
Muskego Patch, 28 August 2011

Last week, the Obama Administration surprisingly announced a new immigration policy that effectively circumvents Congress' legislative authority in order to extend amnesty to thousands of illegal immigrants. Although Congress has rejected time and again amnesty legislation, this policy will allow some illegal immigrants to stay and work in the United States by administrative fiat.

Under this new decision, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and Department of Homeland Security officials will choose to allow some illegal immigrants currently involved in deportation cases to remain in the US. The administration plans to review 300,000 cases and waive the deportation of some individuals who have clean or minor criminal records beyond their illegal immigration status.

This new policy is an unacceptable abuse of presidential power, and it is an extension of this administration's contempt for our immigration laws.

Last year, Congress rejected legislation that would have extended amnesty to certain illegal immigrants, many of whom fit the same profile of this waiver. With this announcement, President Obama clearly indicated that he is willing to ignore Congressional legislative action to achieve his own agenda.

According to ICE Director John Morton, "One of ICE's central responsibilities is to enforce the nation's civil immigration laws." But intentionally excusing illegal immigration for some individuals does the opposite: this decision ignores our immigration laws.

Immigrants whose cases are waived could also be offered the opportunity to apply for a visa or work permit and remain working in the United States.

With 9 percent unemployment and millions still looking for work, this immigration plan seems to prioritize allowing illegal immigrants the opportunity to stay and work here. This is an affront to Americans and legal immigrants who are counting on this president to focus on growing the economy and help employers create much-needed jobs.

Additionally alarming is the broad discretion given to bureaucrats when deciding which deportation cases should be waived. Based on a variety of vague factors, officials reviewing a case can decide whether to cancel the deportation proceedings.

Consider the hundreds and thousands of individuals who wait in line – often for many years – for the opportunity to immigrate to America. Now, the President has decided to move some individuals, who have already broken our immigration laws, to the front of the line.

This is unfair and unwise policy. It signals that our immigration laws are to be ignored, and we have given up attempting to enforce them. The policy undermines the rule of law, is a blatant disregard for the constitutional separation of powers, and in effect, rewards lawbreakers.

As a member of the House Judiciary Committee, I have worked to secure our nation's borders and hold both this and previous administrations accountable for their actions on immigration. We are a country of immigrants, and we are a nation of laws. It is the president's constitutional responsibility to see that his administration enforces these laws.
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Immigration abroad – Canada
Government does not track visitors who enter Canada on visas and never leave
Carol Sanders
Winnipeg Free Press, 16 August 2011

No one knows how many foreign visitors who got into Canada using temporary visas never left – because no one keeps track, the federal government says.

"Canada does not systematically record the departure of travellers from Canada at this time," a Citizenship and Immigration spokeswoman said in an email.

The federal department can't say how many people – or the countries they hail from – run afoul of the authorities by staying longer than their temporary visas allow. ...

The Canada Border Services Agency said it is looking to move toward "exit measures" being taken by Great Britain, the United States and Australia.

Meanwhile, Canada does record the number of accepted and rejected temporary visa applications from different countries.

For instance, no one from the Central African Republic or Guadeloupe was allowed to visit Canada last year. Seventy-six per cent of folks from Somalia who applied were rejected. Sixty-five per cent of Eritrean applications and 60 per cent of Afghans were not approved.

Visitors from other countries were 100 per cent welcome.
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Immigration abroad – Spain, unemployment
Spain wins right to ban Romanian workers as labour market shrinks
Fiona Govan
Daily Telegraph, 12 August 2011

Spain has been given the right by the European Union to bar entry to any new Romanian workers as it struggles with the highest unemployment in the 27-nation bloc.

Romanians will now be required to have an approved work contract before settling in Spain, reversing a two and a half year moratorium that previously gave them unrestricted access as fellow members of the EU. ...

The approval, running to the end of next year, is the first time the "safeguard clause" to restrict freedom of movement by EU member citizens has been invoked. ...

The number of Romanians in the country has quadrupled in the past five years to more than 800,000, making them Spain's biggest foreign community. Thirty per cent of Romanians in the country are currently unemployed.
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Immigration abroad – Australia
Australia takes more Chinese migrants than British for first time
Reuters, 10 August 2011

Australia welcomed more migrants from China than any other country in the year to June, passing the UK for the first time and underling the increasing importance of the regional giant to its resource-rich economy.

Minister for Immigration and Citizenship, Chris Bowen, on Wednesday said Australia took 29,547 migrants from China, or 17.5 percent of the total programme of 168,685. That topped the UK with 23,931, while India was not far behind with 21,768. ...

In 2011/12 the government aims to issue a total of 185,000 migration visas, including 125,850 permanent skilled visas, it said earlier.

The proportion of migrants from the United Kingdom has been declining steadily from a high of 22.5 percent in 2005/06 to 14.2 percent in 2010-11.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Report: 40 states passed immigration legislation in 2011
Karen Brooks
Yahoo! News / Reuters, 9 August 2011

Nearly 250 new immigration laws and resolutions were enacted in 40 states during the first half of 2011 indicating a growing frustration with the federal government's handling of the issue, according to a new report.

The laws range from hiring restrictions to voter identification and allowing in-state tuition for illegal immigrants, according to the report released Tuesday by the National Conference of State Legislatures.

The numbers show a slight decrease in activity from last year, but every state and Puerto Rico proposed legislation dealing on the issue in the first six months of 2011.

By comparison, only 38 immigration laws were enacted by states in 2005.

"States are reacting to federal government in inefficiency and they're trying to figure out how to deal with it – good, bad and ugly," said Wendy Sefsaf, director of communications at the American Immigration Council, a Washington-based think tank.

"Immigration impacts every policy issue there is, and people are trying to figure out how to manage it, for better or for worse, because the federal government won't."
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Immigration abroad – Canada, world
Poll shows 56 per cent of Canadians think immigrants burden social services
Beatrice Fantoni
The Gazette [Montreal], 5 August 2011

More than half of Canadians think immigrants are a burden on the country's strapped social services and two-thirds believe the federal government should give priority to educated or highly skilled foreigners when considering who to let into the country.

Results of a worldwide poll by Ipsos released this week show 56 per cent of Canadians think immigration has put too much pressure on public services in Canada compared to 17 per cent who disagreed with the statement (22 per cent were neutral and four per cent said they did not know).

However, it is a misconception that immigrants are costly, Jeffrey Reitz, an expert in immigration and pluralism at the University of Toronto, told Postmedia News.

"Immigrants are actually helping us pay for these things, not the other way around," he said, citing research showing immigrants tend to use social services less than Canadian-born citizens and actually make positive fiscal contributions to the country.

The survey also shows that 62 per cent of Canadian respondents think priority should be given to immigrants with higher levels of education who can fill gaps in certain professions. In fact, Canadians ranked first among all countries on the question, followed by Australia and Great Britain. ...

"Generally speaking, Canadians are more likely to think of immigrants in economic terms rather than cultural terms," said Steven Weldon, a professor in comparative immigration policy at Simon Fraser University in B.C.

Given Canada's relatively good economic record – which tends to influence attitudes toward immigration in the short term – it's no surprise Canadians have a more positive view of immigration than in other countries, Weldon said. ...

The survey, which interviewed 17,601 respondents in 23 countries, shows Canadians have a relatively upbeat attitude toward immigration in general, compared to other countries and to the global average. Almost 40 per cent of Canadian respondents said they believed immigration has had a positive impact on the country. Another 35 per cent said they believed immigration has had a negative impact. ...

Only 21 per cent of respondents globally said they believe immigration has had a positive effect on their country. Another 45 per cent said they believe immigration had a negative impact. The remaining 29 per cent of respondents worldwide are on the fence.

Countries with the strongest negative opinions were led by Belgium (72 per cent), followed by South Africa (70 per cent), Russia (69 per cent), Great Britain (64 per cent) and Turkey (57 per cent).
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Immigration abroad – Italy, Europe
Refugees Riot in Italy as Europe Struggles with Immigrant Influx
International Business Times, 2 August 2011

Refugees rioted in the Italian city of Bari on Tuesday, starting fires and attacking policemen in the street. ...

The refugees were migrant workers who recently fled from North Africa to Italy, hoping to find work and a better life in Europe. Since February, thousands of Africans, particularly Libyans and Tunisians, but also Somalis and other sub-Saharan Africans, have crossed the Mediterranean to Italy as violence, unemployment and famine escalated in North Africa.

The refugees rioted because they were angry at delays in getting asylum. ...

An estimated 20,000 African refugees fleeing the conflicts in Libya and northern Africa have sailed to Italy in recent months.

But the problem is not Italy's alone, and many refugees are spreading into other European countries.

"After the revolution in Tunisia, the number of migrants [in Europe] soared from the initially expected 25,000-30,000 to a million. This is a serious humanitarian problem, and it naturally generates domestic problems for each EU member state," said Dmitry Danilov, a senior analyst with the Institute of European Studies in Moscow.
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Immigration abroad – Mexico
The Long March to Justice for Migrants
Emilio Godoy
IPS, 30 July 2011

Every year, some 500,000 undocumented migrants from Central and South America traverse Mexico on their journey to the U.S. border, according to estimates from academics and human rights groups. ...

Mexico's National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) estimates that 20,000 migrants were kidnapped in 2010. Ransom demands were between 1,500 and 5,000 dollars per person, according to the Commission.

In other cases, entire groups of migrants are seized and murdered.
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Immigration abroad – race, Hispanics, politics, USA
Por La Raza, Nada
Tom Tancredo
Townhall.com, 29 July 2011

While virtually all President Obama will talk about is the debt ceiling, he took a short break to give an address before the National Council of La Raza on Monday. Calling the audience his "Hermanos y hermanas," he trumpeted his support of the DREAM Act amnesty, stated his opposition to Arizona's SB 1070 and all state level immigration laws, and touted his Hispanic appointments – citing Ambassador to the Dominican Republic Raul Yzaguirre, Labor Secretary Hilda Solis, and Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor.

Obama did not mention one other Hispanic appointment, former La Raza vice president Cecilia Munoz who serves as his Director of Intergovernmental Affairs and his public liaison to Hispanics. In appointing Munoz, Obama violated his own pledge not to allow former lobbyists positions where they control money they formerly controlled, and gave Munoz a special waiver.

While our nation is going broke, the National Council of La Raza is doing just fine. Since Obama and Munoz took up the white house, they have seen their funding skyrocket, nearly tripling from 4.5 to 11 million dollars in 2010. Judicial Watch also found out that the La Raza affiliate, Chicanos por la Causa received over 18 million dollars of tax dollars. That group was the primary plaintiff against Arizona's law against illegal employers.

And it is not as if La Raza is lacking funds. Between their various sister organizations, they have over 200 million dollars in assets, much of it paid for by corporate America, and Chicanos por la Causa have nearly 100 million dollars.

Although some of La Raza's government funding was earmarked by congress, virtually all of it was doled out by the Obama administration. Sixty percent of La Raza's take came from the Department of Labor – run by Hilda Solis. They lobbied hard for her appointment and honored her with an award. She paid them back – with millions of our tax dollars.

Even if we were running trillion dollar surpluses, there is no reason why La Raza should get a dime of taxpayer dollars. ...

"La Raza" means "The Race," specifically the Latino race. Could you imagine if the government were giving millions of dollars to a group called "The National Council of the White Race"?

La Raza counts the pro-reconquista Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (Chicano Student Movement of Aztlán) as an affiliate and helps fund the organization. MeCHA's slogan is "Por La Raza todo, Fuera de La Raza nada," meaning "For the Race everything, outside the Race nothing."

La Raza opposes free speech and has tried to get Lou Dobbs, Rush Limbaugh, and other opponents of illegal immigration kicked off the air. Their president Janet Murguia said "when free speech transforms into hate speech, we've got to draw that line." La Raza has said calling illegal aliens "criminals" is "hate speech."

La Raza has lobbied for every single amnesty, against immigration enforcement, for Obamacare, and against English as an official language.
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Immigration abroad – Denmark
The price of love: 100,000 kroner and counting
Jennifer Buley
Copenhagen Post, 28 July 2011

On July 1 the government made it even more expensive and difficult for couples with one Dane and one non-EU partner to live together in Denmark.

Among other changes, the fee for the famously tough family reunification application was raised to 7,775 kroner – a 30 percent hike – while the compulsory four-year cash guarantee was raised from 63,000 to 100,000 kroner.

Information newspaper calculated that all told the cost of family reunification – once fees, tests, and cash securities are tallied – is now 168,131 kroner per couple, plus or minus a krone.

For young international couples, it is even tougher to stay together in Denmark, because current family reunification rules also stipulate that both partners must be at least 24 years old.
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Immigration abroad – Netherlands, Belgium
Dutch town bans unemployed Eastern migrants from settling
Daily Mail, 28 July 2011

A Dutch town is barring unemployed foreigners from settling in it as from September in a bid to cut welfare costs.

Vaals, in the southern province of Limburg, says it already has too many foreigners from new EU member states on the dole - and doesn't want to subsidise any more.

Most of the annual £400,000 bill to support welfare claimants comes from local taxes.

Alderman Jean-Paul Kompier made the announcement on Wednesday to keep out 'Europeans without money or income.' Just across the border, the Belgian town of Plombières introduced the same ban last week.

Both municipalities say they are taking advantage of a get-out clause in the EU which allows them to legally bar residency seekers who have no visible means of support.

These independent declarations of independence in municipalities are deeply worrying to eurocrats in Brussels, which has already fired warning shots across the bows of both countries with little effect.

The fear now is of a xenophobic domino effect across Europe.

Vaals has less than 10,000 inhabitants of whom 300 are living on welfare.

About 40 per cent of those 300 are from other European countries. ...

Holland has about 200,000 migrant workers from Eastern Europe.

Although this figure is far less than for some other countries ... the number is growing rapidly.
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Immigration abroad – asylum, deportation, South Africa
World's top asylum spot South Africa plans crackdown
Jon Herskovitz
Yahoo! News, 15 July 2011

South Africa has set the stage for the mass deportation of more than one million Zimbabwean immigrants later this month in a move that could alter its status as the world's largest country of refuge.

South Africa has been a beacon for asylum seekers due to its liberal immigration laws, proximity to African trouble spots and massive economy compared to the rest of the continent that has attracted millions seeking wealth they cannot find at home.

About one in five of the 845,800 asylum seekers globally in 2010 sought refuge in South Africa, according to the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees.

That is nearly double the combined figure for the United States and France, the world's number two and three countries in terms of asylum applications.

The bulk of asylum seekers are from neighboring Zimbabwe, which has become an economic basket case under its entrenched leader Robert Mugabe, whose ZANU-PF party has been charged by global powers with using violence and vote fraud to stay in power.

The government said the crackdown on the Zimbabweans is a signal it wants to get tough on those who use asylum applications to seek work and money.

"Following this project, our intention is to document nationals of other neighboring countries," said Home Affairs spokesman Ronnie Mamoepa.

South Africa allowed hundreds of thousands from Zimbabwe to enter without documents about two years ago when its neighbor was swept up in political violence and its already unsteady economy collapsed under the weight of hyperinflation.

It set an end of 2010 deadline for the Zimbabweans to apply for proper visas – with 275,000 filling out paperwork – and said when July ends, it will start deporting what analysts estimate could be one to two million other Zimbabweans without proper documents.

With few staff and a flood of applicants, it can take Home Affairs months or even years to process applications, allowing immigrants to stay long enough to earn mostly modest sums of money to help their families back home.
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Immigration abroad – Mexican-Americans, Hispanics, USA
The Mexican-American Boom: Births Overtake Immigration
Pew Hispanic Center, 14 July 2011

Births have overtaken immigration as the main driver of the dynamic growth in the U.S. Hispanic population. This new trend is especially evident among the largest of all Hispanic groups – Mexican-Americans according to a new analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data ...

In the decade from 2000 to 2010, the Mexican-American population grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million as a result of new immigrant arrivals. This is a change from the previous two decades when the number of new immigrants either matched or exceeded the number of births.

The current surge in births among Mexican-Americans is largely attributable to the immigration wave that has brought more than 10 million immigrants to the United States from Mexico since 1970. Between 2006 and 2010 alone, more than half (53%) of all Mexican-American births were to Mexican immigrant parents. As a group, these immigrants are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years. They also have much higher fertility. ...

As a result, there were fewer new immigrant arrivals to the U.S. from Mexico in the 2000s (4.2 million) than in the 1990s (4.7 million). However, the Mexican-American population continued to grow rapidly, with births accounting for 63% of the 11.2 million increase from 2000 to 2010.

At 31.8 million in 2010, Mexican-Americans comprise 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population (Ennis, Ríos-Vargas and Albert, 2011). According to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the March 2010 U.S. Current Population Survey, 39% of Mexican-Americans - or 12.4 million - are immigrants. ... According to the World Bank (2011), more than 10% of Mexico's native-born population lives elsewhere, with the vast majority (97%) of these expatriates living in the United States.

Overall, the Hispanic population of the United States grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for more than half of the nation's overall population growth during that decade (Passel, Cohn and Lopez, 2011). ...

Hispanics now comprise 16.3% of the total U.S. population. This share is projected to rise to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births, many the descendents of today's immigration wave, rather than the arrival of new immigrants. (Passel and Cohn, 2008).
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Immigration abroad – world, emigration
International migration: where do people go and where from?
Ami Sedghi
Guardian Datablog, 12 July 2011

The US is the top destination for permanent immigrants according to a report published today.

The international migration outlook 2011 released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) highlights the top 25 countries with the highest number of immigrants into OECD countries and also shows where they come from.

The US was home to 1,130,200 immigrants in 2009, a rise of 2.1% on 2008. The UK follows in second place, seeing a jump of 14.5% on the number of immigrants since the previous year. However the UK is also ranked the 8th highest for the number of people migrating to other OECD countries - 133,000 people migrated in 2009.

China was the top country for immigration into OECD countries in 2009 with 468,000 nationals emigrating. Romania has by the far the largest number of emigrants per million population at 12,000 whereas despite their high ranking, China has 350 emigrants per million population.

Out of the top 25 countries listed, only seven recorded percentage increases in immigrants during 2007-2009. Iraq has seen a 22% increase during 2007/2009 of people emigrating towards the OECD countries. The Dominican Republic records highly too with a 21% increase.
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Immigration abroad – gypsies, Romanies, Hungary
Hungary in crisis: Tensions with its gypsy population threaten to rip the Eastern European country apart [part 1]
Peter Popham
The Independent on Sunday, 10 July 2011

Right across the continent, from Bulgaria to Britain, Hungary to France, Europe is wrestling with a new outbreak of an ancient dilemma: the gypsies, the gajé (that's the majority of us, the non-gypsies) and how the two communities are to get along.

Since the arrival of the gypsies from India via the Middle East in the 15th century, relations have rarely been smooth. ... But even in countries where the gypsies' right to remain is not under threat, tensions continue to simmer. In Britain the number has soared in recent years, because of waves of immigration from Romania and Bulgaria (as distinct from the well-established Irish "traveller" communities); their skilful exploitation of our benefits system has brought down the wrath of the tabloids. But in Bulgaria and Romania, too, countries where they have lived in large numbers for centuries, the discrimination they suffer is still acute.

Even in Spain, the one European country which, since the death of Franco, has consistently tried to integrate them, and which has successes to boast of, the dropout rate from high school is 80 per cent. And in many countries the image persists of a community of lawless, feckless petty criminals, condemned to eke out a miserable living on the fringes of our civilisation.

Hungary is one of the countries where one might expect things to go better.

...

Today that long relationship has yielded striking gains. Romanies are more prominent at a higher level here than anywhere else: there are four Romany MPs in the Hungarian parliament, and the only Romany MEP in Strasbourg is a Hungarian woman. Most of the government officials I met on my visit to Hungary were Romanies.

Yet it is in Hungary of all places – where there are no aggravating issues of immigration or language – that the gypsies, and the way society deals with them, pose the gravest potential threats to the nation's future. ...

The rise of the far right, the familiar bogey of Eastern Europe since the fall of Communism, has got Hungary's liberals worried. The nation's gypsies, who may number about 800,000 – around 8 per cent of the nation's population – are their frequent victims.

There have been murderous attacks: ...

These accounts of vigilante patrols and shootings are shocking. But what is missing is any explanation, beyond blind prejudice, of why they should be happening now. ... ...

It's Kalman Kali-Horvath, the official from the Ministry of Justice who accompanies us to Gyongyospata, who helps me to understand the situation better. Mild and somewhat diffident in manner, he is himself a Romany, a "Romungro", belonging to the Hungarian-speaking Romany community who account for around 70 per cent of the gypsies in the country, including most of the artists and intellectuals: the gypsies who have been in Hungary so long that they have become part of the furniture, in contrast to the Vlach gypsies (20 per cent of the total), who fled slavery in Romania in the 19th century and speak a Romany language called Lovari; and the Beas (10 per cent), who speak an ancient dialect of Romanian and arrived 200 years ago.
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Immigration abroad – gypsies, Romanies, Hungary
Hungary in crisis: Tensions with its gypsy population threaten to rip the Eastern European country apart [part 2]
Peter Popham
The Independent on Sunday, 10 July 2011

Peter Popham Like much else, Kali-Horvath explains, the problems in Gyongyospata owe their origins to Communism, and what happened after it collapsed. ... ...

In the absence of work there was now welfare. "Milking the system became a survival strategy," says Kali-Horvath. "You got a little money from different entitlements: unemployment, maternity, child allowance and many others; there were many opportunities to increase benefits. You didn't get rich, but it was a nice lifestyle, not just for gypsies but for the others in deep poverty – the gypsies are only one-third of the families in deep poverty.

"After 20 years, everybody knows about this. Governments chose to do nothing about it because if they did they knew the human-rights lobby would attack them. Families got more and more payments, which cost the state more and more, and that's the point we are at now."

Then there was the question of crime. The way organisations such as ERRC write about Romanies and crime, the gypsies are always and only the victims; guilty of nothing except being what they are. As defenders of the community, that of course is their remit. But the everyday experience of ordinary Hungarians is different.

"There are huge hatreds in both communities," says Akos Balogh, a journalist in Budapest. ...

... One of the crimes which most infuriates the majority community is the theft of fruit and vegetables from their gardens. Balogh, who visited Gyongyospata recently, says the trees used to be full of fruit but nobody bothers to take care of them any more because whenever the fruit approached ripeness, the trees would be pillaged.

In the eastern Hungarian town of Tiszavasvari, the BBC correspondent Nick Thorpe visited the home of a 76-year-old widow, Margit Papp, who told him that almost every crop she planted in her garden was stolen by Romanies. Once, she said, they even stole the metal poles that held up the vines.

The police, according to Kali-Horvath, adopted an attitude of disinterest towards Romany crime. "It was called 'crime of survival', and somehow it became acceptable. But that was only true at the political level; ordinary people became more and more angry about it, and about the police's failure to take action. ...

According to Thorpe, who has lived in Hungary for many years, the situation has deteriorated dramatically since the economic crisis of 2008. ... ...

While In most of Western Europe the Romany issue is marginal, in Hungary, thanks to the size of the community, the disastrous aftermath of Communism and the failed policies of the past 20 years, it has become central. ...

For Balog, the eruption of uniformed vigilantes in Gyongyospata's Romany ghetto was a symptom of Hungary's national crisis; but not because it portended the rise of the neo-Nazis. The problem of which it is a symptom, he says, is more fundamental than that. ...

"Romanies have twice the birth rate of other Hungarians. The majority Hungarian population is ageing while around half of the Romany population is under 20. In towns and cities in the deprived north-east, in 10 years' time every second child born will be Romany. But Romany unemployment is 85 per cent, and one-third of Romany children do not finish primary school. So this is not one problem among others but the major problem."
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Immigration abroad – public opinion, Norway
Norwegians claim immigration policy failing
John Price and Michael Sandelson
The Foreigner, 7 July 2011

One in two Norwegians thinks the country has enough immigrants and criticise the government for its policies.

At the same time Norway needs more people to fill vacant positions, especially engineers, an increase in the number of immigrants entering Norway has made the natives sceptical, reports Aftenposten.

53.7% of the 1,380 people surveyed said they want to see a stop in the numbers of immigrants being accepted into Norway, according to latest results from Integrerings Barometeret (translated "Integration Barometer"). The figure was 45.8% when the inquiry was first conducted in 2005. ...

Whilst the fur is flying over who is to responsible, results of the poll show 60% and 83.5% blame Norwegians and foreigners, respectively, for their lack of integration efforts. Six out of ten criticise authorities for their unsuccessful clampdown on high levels of immigration.

On a positive note, 88 percent of Norwegians think immigrants should have the same rights to jobs as their so-called 'ethnic Norwegian' peers, according to the inquiry, which shows they respect foreigners' traditions and values.
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Immigration abroad – crime, illegal immigrants, deportation, USA
Documents confirm Obama administration's 'catch and release' immigration policy
Barbara Hollingsworth
Washington Examiner, 7 July 2011

Well, what do you know. Obama administration officials at the Department of Homeland Security deliberately misled Congress when they denied using "selective enforcement" to deport convicted criminals in the U.S. illegally. Their much-criticized "catch and release" policy was confirmed by documents obtained by Judicial Watch under the Freedom of Information Act.

The documents "show that the Obama administration is implementing 'stealth amnesty' which is an end-run around the rule of law and Congress," said Judicial Watch president Tom Fitton.

Contrary to administration claims that convicted criminals were being deported just as fast as DHS got them, the released documents show that local immigration officials were in fact being given what Judicial Watch describes as "wide latitude" to dismiss federal immigration charges –even against criminals convicted of violent crimes such as sexual assault, solicitation of murder, kidnapping, aggravated assault, drug possession and assaulting a police officer.

They were then released back into the same American communities they violated, where they were free to prey on new victims.

One example: A June 30, 2010 memo from John Morton, director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Enforcement, instructs all ICE employees to use discretion in "prioritizing" deportation cases. As a result, Houston ICE increased its dismissals of deportation cases by 40 percent, earning praise from ICE headquarters. ...

Another example: ICE officials in Pennsylvania advised police to release three illegal immigrants charged with speeding, driving without a license, insurance or registration under false identification.

This is strikingly similar to ICE's refusal to deport Carlos Martinelly-Montano, who was subsequently charged with killing one nun and critically injuring two others last August in Prince William County in a drunk driving accident. Martinelly-Montano was allowed to remain in the U.S. despite two previous DUI convictions.

After critics in the media, including The Examiner, criticized ICE's "catch and release" policy, Morton sent out another memo dated June 17, 2011 further defining the term "prosecutorial discretion."

"In basic terms, prosecutorial discretion is the authority of an agency charged with enforcing a law to decide to what degree to enforce the law against a particular individual," Morton writes. In other words, the identity of the foreign offender – not the crime itself – determines whether or not the criminal is deported.

As Fitton points out, this is exactly the selective enforcement that the Obama administration claimed it was not doing.
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Immigration abroad – Malaysia, registration of Bangladeshis
500,000 Bangladeshis in Malaysia to be registered through biometric system
New Straits Times, 29 June 2011

All Bangladesh nationals in the country, estimated to be around 500,000 legal and illegal, will be registered through the biometric system in cooperation with the Bangladesh government.

Home Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein said the programme, which was also part of an amnesty exercise announced recently, could resolve the illegal immigrant problem, besides addressing the threats of transnational crime by curbing illegal activities, including human smuggling and trafficking.

"The objective is to stop the exploitation of these people by human traffickers, syndicates or third parties because we feel that on humanitarian reason alone, we have to fight this all out," he told reporters at a joint press conference with the Bangladesh High Commissioner to Malaysia, Atiqur Rehman, here today.
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Immigration abroad – Australia
Asian-born Australians may soon outnumber whites, says government study
John Dagge
Christian Science Monitor, 28 June 2011

Asian-born Australians are on the brink of overtaking their European-born counterparts for the first time in the country's history. More than 2 million Asians now call Australia home, according to new figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The number of Asians in Australia has almost doubled in a decade, from 1.03 million in mid-2000 to 2.1 million in the middle of last year. Around half ... have come as students, the remainder as skilled migrants or through family reunification programs.

This in a country that formerly drafted immigration policy in an effort to protect against the "yellow peril."

To be sure, Australia still battles racism.

But the raw numbers cannot be denied: The number of Chinese-born people in Australia has more than doubled from 148,000 to 380,000 in the decade to June last year. The number of Indian-born residents has more than tripled during the same period, from 96,000 to 340,000. The biggest population lives in Melbourne where they have pushed out Italians to form the largest non-Anglo community.

"Close to 1 in 10 people in Australia are born in Asia," says Bob Birrell, a director at Monash University's Centre for Population and Urban Research. "There is nothing like that in other countries including the US or Canada, which are considered highly multicultural. It is a massive shift and it has happened over a very short time span."

The ABS data measured residents, meaning not all those counted will become citizens.

Indeed, Australia has moved to tighten student visa rules that previously provided a pathway to permanent residency. The changes have seen Indian student numbers decline sharply over the past 18 months. Still, close to 28 percent of Australians were born outside the country at the end of June last year, up from 23 percent a decade earlier. Chinese, Indian, and Vietnamese populations have been among the largest immigrant communities.

It's an incredible transformation for a country that ran a "white Australia" immigration policy until the early 1970s – a policy that overwhelmingly targeted Asians. In 1947, just 0.3 percent of Australians had been born in Asia. Last year, the figure stood at 9 percent. European-born Australians make up 10.8 percent of the country's 22.6 million people – a long way from the 17 percent they represented several decades ago. ...

But the main concern, says Swinburne University of Technology sociologist Katharine Betts, has more to do with the number of people arriving – Australia is undergoing its fastest population boom since the end of World War II, with a growth rate that peaked in late 2008 at double the world average – rather than where they are coming from.

"The angst is really about population growth above race or ethnicity," says Ms. Betts. "Over the past couple of years Australians have really become pretty distressed about the rapid growth in immigration, particularly in the major cities. They see that infrastructure has not kept up. They see clogged highways, overcrowded hospitals, public transport under pressure, and rising housing costs and there is a lot of concern about that."
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Immigration abroad – illegal immigration, USA
Ending Illegal Immigration: A Risk-Benefit Analysis
Michael Angley
Big Government [website], 19 June 2011

In order to fix the problem of illegal immigration we must first understand why we have an estimated 12 million illegals in the United States. A Risk- Benefit Analysis model provides insight into both the causes of the problem and the solution to it.

We all make risk-benefit decisions every day. ... Millions of people on our northern and southern borders face the decision to enter the United States illegally, but we don't have a fence with Canada because we don't need one. ... Why not? It's simple: Canadians enjoy a good quality of life at home, so the perceived benefit in coming here illegally is not worth the risk.

But the same is not true for our southern neighbors. Life in Central and South America is ... well ... bleak. America sits like a shimmering jewel on the horizon where benefits abound: healthcare, education, citizenship, and jobs, to name a few. The risk in coming here is perceived to be low in comparison to the benefits to be had. So they come. Politicians puff out their chests, call it an outrage, and demand fences be built. Unfortunately, fences have never worked in the past. But we're ignoring the obvious solution: end the benefits, ratchet up the risk, and we won't need a fence for the same reason we have none with Canada.

Let's look at some of the benefits we provide to non-U.S. citizens and consider some solutions:

• Healthcare: By one estimate, as much as 40% of the healthcare that goes unpaid for in the U.S. goes to people here illegally. That's a nice benefit. Medical providers should continue to provide care to anyone who needs it, but they should also be required to inquire about a patient's citizenship. Those who are suspected of being here illegally ought to be turned over to U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement following care.

• Education: Current law requires that children of illegal parents receive a public education, and there are good arguments for providing it. But the practice only keeps a benefit in place, one that costs taxpayers billions of dollars each year. It may be time to rethink the law, and if faced with the prospect of no education in America, perhaps fewer non-citizens would risk coming here.

• Citizenship: Long-term we need to repeal or change the 14th Amendment that gives citizenship to people born in the United States. Its original purpose has long-since ceased to be relevant, and the problems it sought to fix have been fixed. In the near term, we need to consider changing the 1965 Immigration Act which facilitates the permanent residency status of illegals who bear children in the U.S. Anchor babies have created an unintended humanitarian hostage situation, one that is a costly burden on taxpayers.

• Jobs: It's illegal to hire illegals, yet getting a job in America remains one of the biggest benefits to be had in coming here. We need to shift the focus away from rounding up illegals in the workplace to clamping down on those who employ them. By increasing the risk to employers (stiff fines and even jail time), they will be less likely to hire non-citizens. Surprisingly, the Obama administration appears to have started doing just that. It's a good start.

... These benefits are the causes of the problem, and their removal is the solution. ... We welcome legal immigrants, and we should reserve the benefits of citizenship for those willing to get in line and knock politely on the front door.
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Immigration abroad – Australia
India-born residents in Australia more than trebled in a decade
The Hindu [India], 18 June 2011

Australia has recorded a steep rise in its Asia-born population, which almost doubled in the past decade from 1.03 million to 2.01 million, with the number of India-born residents more than trebling to 340,000.

According to new figures from the Bureau of Statistics, Asia-born people made up a third of Australia's population growth from mid-2000 to mid-2010, and are on the verge of overtaking the European-born population for the first time in the country's history.

Almost half of them came to the country as students and the rest as skilled workers and family members settling here to fill gaps in Australia's workforce.

Bureau estimates show that during the past decade, the number of China-born people living in Australia has more than doubled from 1,48,000 to 3,80,000 by the middle of last year.

The number of India-born residents has more than trebled from 96,000 to 340,000, The Age reported.

The figures exclude West Asia – from Iran westwards, which the Bureau classifies as part of the Middle East.

Migration from that area too has risen sharply, partly due to refugees from the Iraq war.

In 1947, only 0.3 per cent of Australia's population had been born in Asia. But their numbers have roughly doubled with every decade since, rising to 2.5 per cent of the population by 1981, 5.5 per cent by 2000, and 9 per cent by mid-2010.
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Immigration abroad – USA, Hispanic population
Hispanic population spreads across US
Robin Yapp
Daily Telegraph website, 2 June 2011

A new report from the US Census Bureau shows that the biggest jumps in the Hispanic population over the past decade were seen in places such as South Carolina, Alabama and South Dakota.

Figures released earlier this year showed that Latinos are the largest minority group in the US, accounting for 16.3 per cent of the population in 2010 – 50.5m people – up from 12.5 per cent in 2000. The overall population of the United States is 308.7m, according to the 2010 US Census. This includes 196.8m whites (64 per cent), 38.9m blacks (13 per cent) and 14.7m Asians (5 per cent).

Now, further analysis from the Census Bureau shows that while California, Texas and Florida still account for more than half of all US Hispanics, many other states are seeing far more rapid increases in their Latino population.

The Hispanic population more than doubled in nine states during the first decade of the 21st century and increased by at least a fifth in every state bar New York.

"This shows that the Hispanic population is now in every corner of the country," said Mark Hugo Lopez, associate director of the Pew Hispanic Center in Washington, D.C.

"It's not clear if it will continue to grow in all parts of the country but it will continue to grow as a whole. We predict there will be 129 million Hispanics in the US by 2050, representing 30 per cent of the population."
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Immigration abroad – Malaysia
Biometric system in force at all entry points
Martin Carvalho and Embun Majid
The Star Online [Malaysia], 2 June 2011

The biometric system has been implemented at all immigration entry points to better monitor foreigners coming into the country.

The National Foreigners Enforcement and Registration System was introduced yesterday without any major hiccups.

Deputy Home Minister Datuk Wira Abu Seman Yusof said foreigners entering the country would now have their thumbprints taken electronically. ...

He said the system, which had already been introduced in the United States, Britain, Canada, Italy and Brazil, was necessary to protect the security and sovereignty of the country.

Under the system, foreigners will have their thumbprints taken and processed within a short time upon their arrival.

The system will monitor them and a warning slip will be issued should they overstay.

This will allow immigration authorities to take the necessary action.
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Immigration abroad – USA
The changing face of America: Time-lapse map reveals how non-whites will become the majority in U.S. within 30 years
Daily Mail, 27 May 2011

By the year 2040, the majority of Americans will be people of colour - the minorities will have become the majority.

A fascinating new time-lapse map shows the increase in the non-white population across the decades.

It starts with 1990 and then predicts up to 2020, 2030 and 2040.

The map, titled the Map of America's Tomorrow, was produced by PolicyLink, a national research agency dedicated to social equity.

It illustrates what theroot.com calls the decade-by-decade 'browning' of America.

It is said to be the first visual representation of its kind of the country's racial future.

The all-inclusive term is used to describe the growth of the populations of blacks, Hispanics/Latinos and Asians.

Angela Glover Blackwell, the Founder & CEO of PolicyLink, said: 'This map makes crystal clear just how dramatically the face of America is changing – and how quickly.'

'Already, nearly half of all young people are of color, and by 2040, people of color will become our nation's majority. ...'

The map, however, is causing some controversy. ...

Another commentator added: 'I am Chinese American and I objected to the grouping under Asian as coloured ... Chinese, Japanese and Koreans are not coloured. Our complexion is white if not whiter than caucasians.' ...

Two months ago new census maps and data was released showing the stark geographical divide between America's black and Hispanic populations as they become increasingly concentrated on opposite ends of the country.

The U.S. black and Hispanic populations are mostly concentrated in the South - but whereas the black population is centred in the Southeast, Hispanics are mostly in the Southwest. ...

The Census 2010 statistics showed the number of Hispanics in the U.S. reached 50 million in 2010, with one in every six Americans now a Latino. ...

Minority groups were behind an unprecedented 90 per cent of total U.S. population growth since 2000, due to immigration and higher Latino birth rates.
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Immigration abroad – Canada
Immigrants cost $23B a year: Fraser Institute report
Kathryn Blaze Carlson
National Post, 17 May 2011

Immigrants to Canada cost the federal government as much as $23-billion annually and "impose a huge fiscal burden on Canadian taxpayers," according to a think-tank report released Tuesday that was immediately criticized as telling only part of the story.

The Fraser Institute report ... says newcomers pay about half as much in income taxes as other Canadians but absorb nearly the same value of government services, costing taxpayers roughly $6,051 per immigrant and amounting to a total annual cost of somewhere between $16.3-billion and $23.6-billion.

"It's in the interest of Canada to examine what causes this and to fix it," said Herbert Grubel, co-author of the report Immigration and the Canadian Welfare State. "We need a better selection process ... We're not here, as a country, to do charity for the rest of the world."

The report acknowledges there are "popular propositions" about the benefits of immigration: Young immigrants pay taxes that support social services for Canada's aging population; immigrants fill the low-paying jobs that others do not seem to want; Canadians are ennobled by allowing people to share in the country's economic riches; immigration enriches the cultural life of Canadians, and future generations end up repaying their parents' debt by earning an average or above-average living in the long run.

Mr. Grubel and economic consultant Patrick Grady argue, however, that these benefits either do not hold up to close scrutiny or that they are simply not worth the economic cost.

The 62-page report used a 2006 Census database to estimate the average incomes and taxes paid by immigrants who arrived in Canada over the period from 1987 to 2004. It found that immigrants paid an average of $10,340 in income tax and other taxes, compared with the $16,501 paid by all Canadians. While newcomers each received $110 less than the rest of Canadians, the "net fiscal transfer per immigrant" still amounted to $6,051 annually. The study examined the incomes of adults exclusively, and assumed the average immigrant pays taxes and receives benefits for 45 years.

"I'm sure the data behind the numbers is sound, but I think it only tells half the story," said Rudyard Griffiths, co-founder of the Dominion Institute and author of Who We Are: A Citizen's Manifesto. "The fact is that we're doing immigration on the cheap ... We don't spend enough money on language services, and we don't do enough skills accreditation and training."

He said he is sympathetic to the argument that family reunification is likely burdensome on the tax purse, but said it's just a "drop in the bucket" given that those visas account for only 11,000 of the 250,000 or so newcomers expected this year.

"The trickier issue is that of the quarter of a million, only about 60,000 are skilled or professional workers," he said. "Everyone else is dependents."
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Immigration abroad – Denmark
Immigration minister to cherry pick immigrants
Copenhagen Post, 16 May 2011

The time for rigidly even-handed immigration policies that put people from developed countries on the same footing as people from undeveloped countries is over, says immigration minister Søren Pind.

Pind has announced that he plans to give immigrants who are more likely to earn money and contribute to society exemptions from some of the strictest requirements under family-reunification law, reports Politiken newspaper.

"It's a colossal problem that the immigration law is so full of politically correct wording that we end up hurting people who are willing and able to come to Denmark and don't require anything from the state," Pind said. "The rules have been packed with legalese and misunderstood pc'ism in the name of equality."

The Netherlands and Germany are among the EU countries where preferential immigration rules have been introduced for nationals from developed countries. Pind suggested that Denmark should adopt their mode of exempting immigrants from developed countries, like the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Japan, from having to pass exams in language proficiency and cultural knowledge.

But the immigration minister said that was just a beginning of the changes he wants to make.

"It marks a break with the policies we have had since 2001. How widespread it will be will depend on the legal battle, but in any case, Pandora's box is now open. I am going to put all my efforts into these changes," Pind said.
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Immigration abroad – European Union, border controls
EU moves to close borders in migrant dispute
Nick Allen
Daily Telegraph, 13 May 2011

The European Union has moved towards reversing passport-free travel within its borders amid fears of a wave of migrants fleeing unrest in North Africa.

At a meeting of EU interior ministers in Brussels, a majority of members states backed changes that would allow nations to restore controls at their borders. ...

But at the closed meeting of ministers yesterday, 15 states voted for the temporary return of border guards to deal with any sudden surge in migration, as a last resort and under strict conditions.

They also supported the reintroduction of guards if an EU state fails to control its frontier with non-EU nations. ... ...

The measures will be discussed at an EU summit of prime ministers on June 24 and would also have to pass through the European Parliament, where there is likely to be resistance. ...

The border-free region embraces more than 400 million people in 22 EU countries, as well as Switzerland, Iceland and Norway.
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Immigration abroad – Denmark, border controls, crime
Denmark brings in strict border controls to crack down on illegal immigrants from North Africa
Daily Mail, 12 May 2011

Denmark yesterday joined an increasing number of European countries seeking tighter border controls in an attempt to curb crime and illegal immigration.

Finance Minister Claus Hjort Frederiksen said police and customs officials will use border stations for random checks on cars and passports, and increase the use of scanners designed to detect illegal immigrants hiding in vans.

He said control booths will be erected at crossings to Germany and Sweden and in harbours and airports.

Hjort Frederiksen insisted that since the controls will be random they 'will be within the framework of the Schengen system' - a free-travel agreement that has removed compulsory passport controls between many internal borders in Europe. ...

Last week, EU Home Affairs Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom suggested reintroducing temporary national border checks 'under very exceptional circumstances' after France and Italy had demanded changes to the Schengen system. ...

The agreement in Denmark was made to meet demands from the government's nationalistic ally, the Danish People's Party, and is expected to be approved by Parliament.

'We see a rise in cross-border crime: drugs, eastern European gangs, human trafficking, money smuggling, etc. And one of the efficient ways to fight this is border control,' Hjort Frederiksen said. 'It will be put in place as soon as possible.'

Justice Minister Lars Barfoed said Denmark was 'cracking down' on transnational crime.

'Denmark must be a safe country and we will do everything that is possible to combat the rising crime from abroad,' Barfoed said. 'It will otherwise not impede the free crossing of borders by citizens and businesses.'
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Immigration abroad – Australia, Japan, refugees
Look back to Calwell on immigration
John Pasquarelli
The Australian, 9 May 2011

Australia's concern about post-war reconstruction and population growth was acted on by the country's most successful and patriotic immigration minister, Arthur Calwell, ... Between 1947 and 1952, 181,700 refugee and displaced persons entered Australia through the International Refugee Organisation, which was formed in 1946 to deal with the European refugee crisis, ...

Australia was actively involved in the establishment of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in 1950, was one of the first nations to ratify the 1951 Convention on Refugees and went on to accept 190,000 refugees through this program between 1953 and 1973. ...

Fast forward to the years of Al Grassby, Malcolm Fraser, Petro Georgiou and all the other multiculturalists who linked arms with their lefty mates in our schools, universities and parliaments and imposed their version of a Brave New World on the rest of us. Fraser invited Lebanese Muslims to Australia in 1976 and our first boatpeople from Vietnam arrived during his government. During the Howard years the number of African refugees increased and I am reminded again of Calwell who said that he "objected to the mass importation of people who will form 'black power' groups and menace the security of Australia when their numbers have grown sufficiently" and become "fiercely anti-white and fiercely anti one another. Do we want or need any of these people here? I am one red-blooded Australian who says no."

Australia's immigration and refugee policies are now one huge mess with boatpeople arrivals in recent years leading to our coastal borders being shot to pieces and the disasters at Christmas Island, Villawood and elsewhere testimony to a government that has no idea what to do next. ... Our slavish adherence to the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees is a millstone dragging us down and compromises our sovereignty. ...

All Australian governments have done the UN's bidding without question but the Japanese have taken a different route. Not ratifying the UN Convention until 1981, Japan has accepted just 508 refugees from the 7297 applications made since 1982. Maybe salving its conscience, Japan is the third-largest donor in the world to the UNHCR, which could explain why a rapacious UN looks the other way while Japan goes on ignoring refugees and keeping its borders secure. ...

... We must redefine our ocean borders and police them rigorously and the UN must be told the Australian government and its people will decide who migrates here in future.

A recent report tells us that more than 60 per cent of our refugees have failed to get a job after five years and 83 per cent of those households now rely on welfare payments for income. The greatest unemployment rate was recorded among new arrivals from Iraq and Afghanistan with less than 10 per cent finding full-time work and 93.7 per cent of households sucking on the Centrelink teat. I know many people who are not white but who are fiercely proud Australians and we must all stand together.
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Immigration abroad – European Union, border controls
Arabic exodus likely to lead to tighter border controls in Europe
Ian Traynor
The Guardian, 8 May 2011

Whatever the outcome of the Arab Spring, one early casualty is already evident – Europe's fabled system of border-free travel spanning 25 countries from the Balkans to the Baltic. Roman tantrums over an alleged "human tsunami", a "biblical exodus" across the Mediterranean from North Africa to the heel of Italy as well as Gallic truculence in asserting control of France's national borders have forced a radical rethink.

In Brussels last week the European Commission responded to the revolutionary upheavals to the south and pressure from Paris and Rome by proposing more "Fortress Europe" and giving countries greater leeway in re-erecting national passport controls.

It's a storm in a tea cup, but symptomatic of the European zeitgeist – a partial dismantling of one of the biggest boosts to European integration of the past 30 years as European leaders re-assert the primacy of the nation state against Brussels.

The argument for change is that the passport-free system known as the Schengen regime is no longer fit for purpose. It was established in cold war western Europe in 1985 as a Franco-German pact abolishing border controls between them and the countries in between – Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. It is now a very different animal, embracing 400 million people in 25 countries in a globalised world of mass migration.

European asylum, immigration, and refugee policy is a mess, recent years littered with the debris of grand ideas while national governments jealously guard their own sovereign powers over who is allowed in. As recently as 2008 under France's EU presidency, the talk was of an "immigration pact" with North Africa, of "blue card" schemes to facilitate and control labour migration.

In fact, for years, the EU threw billions at the tyrants in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya – Mubarak, Ben Ali, and Gaddafi – bribing them to stem the flow and to take back unwanted migrants. ...

Italy has been the progenitor of the current crisis and the biggest loser. Silvio Berlusconi scored an own goal. He outraged the rest of Europe by trying to export the newcomers beyond Italy. Then he signed a letter with Nicolas Sarkozy of France demanding the right to reinstate national border controls in Schengen which would restrict his scope for export.

Compared with the 400,000 Bosnians who fled to Germany from the Balkan wars of the 1990s, 25,000 reaching Italy from Tunisia looks like less than an emergency. Compared to the 80,000 Iraqis admitted to Sweden, ditto (Sweden's population is 9 million, Italy's 60 million).

So when Berlusconi demands that the rest of the EU shares Italy's load, northern Europe shrugs and mutters "crisis, what crisis." According to the UN refugee agency, Norway took in more asylum-seekers than Italy in the five years to 2010.
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Immigration abroad – USA, illegal immigrants, education
U.S. Warns Schools Against Checking Immigration Status
Kirk Semple
New York Times, 6 May 2011

Federal officials issued a memorandum to the nation's school districts on Friday saying it was against the law for education officials to seek information that might reveal the immigration status of children applying for enrollment.

Civil liberties advocates and others have complained in recent months that many school districts are seeking children's immigration papers as a prerequisite for enrollment. Some state and local officials have also considered bills to require prospective students to reveal their citizenship or immigration status.

"We have become aware of student enrollment practices that may chill or discourage the participation, or lead to the exclusion, of students based on their or their parents' or guardians' actual or perceived citizenship or immigration status," said the memo, from Justice and Education Department officials. "These practices contravene federal law."

The letter cited a 1982 Supreme Court decision that recognized the right of all children, regardless of immigration status, to attend public school as long as they met the age and residency requirements set by state law.

"The undocumented or noncitizen status of a student (or his or her parent or guardian) is irrelevant to that student's entitlement to an elementary and secondary public school education," said the memo, signed by Thomas E. Perez, assistant attorney general for the civil rights division of the Justice Department; Russlynn H. Ali, assistant secretary for civil rights in the Education Department; and Charles P. Rose, that department's general counsel.

Xochitl Hinojosa, a Justice Department spokeswoman, said it was the first time her agency had issued guidance to school districts on the 1982 decision. The Education Department did not return calls seeking comment.

Civil liberties advocates, who had been asking President Obama's administration to clarify the law, hailed the memo. "We're gratified that the Department of Justice has seen fit to do the right thing, to clarify any ambiguities," said Donna Lieberman, executive director of the New York Civil Liberties Union, calling the guidance "a really big deal."

Last year, Ms. Lieberman's group found that 139 districts in New York State – about 20 percent of the total – were requiring children's immigration papers as a prerequisite to enrollment, or asking parents for information that only lawful immigrants could provide.

While the group did not find any cases in which children had been turned away for lack of immigration paperwork, it warned that the requirements could deter illegal immigrant families from enrolling children for fear that their status might be reported to federal authorities.
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Immigration abroad – Denmark
Putting a Price on Foreigners: Strict Immigration Laws 'Save Denmark Billions'
Anna Reimann
Spiegel Online, 29 April 2011

Denmark's strict immigration laws have saved the country billions in benefits, a government report has claimed. The Integration Ministry report has now led to calls among right-wing populists to clamp down further on immigrants to increase the savings.

The extremely strict laws have dramatically reduced the flow of people into Denmark in recent years, and many government figures are delighted with the outcome. "Now that we can see that it does matter who comes into the country, I have no scruples in further restricting those who one can suspect will be a burden on Denmark," the center-right liberal integration minister, Søren Pind, told the Jyllands Posten newspaper.

Pind was talking after the ministry's report – initiated by the right-wing populist Danish People's Party (DPP) – came to the conclusion that by tightening immigration laws, Denmark has saved €6.7 billion ($10 billion) over the last 10 years, money which otherwise would supposedly have been spent on social benefits or housing. According to the figures, migrants from non-Western countries who did manage to come to Denmark have cost the state €2.3 billion, while those from the West have actually contributed €295 million to government coffers.

The report has led to jubilation among right-wing politicians: "We now have it in black and white that restrictions (on immigrants) pay off," said DPP finance spokesman Kristian Thulesen Dahl. The DPP will almost certainly exploit the figures in future negotiations over the Danish economy.

But the report has sparked outrage from opposition parties like the centrist Social Liberal Party, which dismissed it as undignified and discriminatory. The party's integration spokeswoman, Marianne Jelved, said: "A certain group of people is being denounced and being blamed for our deficit, being made into whipping boys." She added: "We cannot classify people depending on their value to the economy. That is degrading in a democracy that has a basic value of equality."

Still, the announcement has not come as surprise. The right-wing populist DPP, which has been working with the ruling center-right coalition government of Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen since 2001, has in the past made its aims very clear: a complete halt to immigration into Denmark from non-Western countries. "A Somali who is no good for anything, that is simply not acceptable," said DPP leader Pia Kjærsgaard. Similarly, center-right liberal Prime Minister Rasmussen has also said anyone who would be a burden on Denmark is not welcome in the country. ...

... Immigration will always be a big issue in Denmark – almost 10 percent of Denmark's 5.5 million people are migrants – and the issue was a decisive one in the last election, in 2007. ...

Some immigrants have already turned their back on Denmark voluntarily. Increasing numbers of Somalis are moving away, especially to the UK, the Jyllands Posten reported on Thursday, because of discrimination.
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Immigration abroad – Italy, illegal immigrants
EU: Top court throws out Italian law making illegal immigration a crime
adnkronos.com, 28 April 2011

Italy cannot punish illegal migrants with jail, the European Union's Court of Justice said on Thursday. The ruling struck down a key piece of legislation passed by the Italian government to bolster the hardline immigration policies it pledged to implement while in office.

The EU Court of Justice ruled that jailing migrants contradicts an EU directive whose main objective is "to set up an effective policy to drive out and repatriate third country nationals whose stay (in the EU) is irregular, while respecting their fundamental rights," the court said in a statement.

The court is tasked with ensuring that EU directives are interpreted and applied in the same way in all EU countries.

Under Italy's 2009 law, migrants who enter Italy illegally and refuse to leave face a prison sentence of from one to four years and fines of up to 10,000 euros, followed by immediate expulsion.

A Italian court in the northern city of Trento had referred to the EU court the case of an Algerian, Hassen El Dridi, who in 2010 was ordered to leave Italy within five days because he did not have a residence permit.

El Dridi ignored the court order and was given a one-year jail term which El Dridi appealed.

The EU court said that following its ruling, judges in Trento should "disapply" the jail terms contained in Italy's immigration legislation.

Italy's interior minister Roberto Maroni said he was "dissatisfied" with the court ruling and was considering taking action against it.

"In the coming days, I will evaluate the consequences of this sentence and see what can be done to remedy it," he said.

"The European Court of Justice's decision leaves me dissatisfied because there are other European countries that have made illegal immigration a crime and have not been censured for this," Maroni said.

"Second, if illegal immigration is legitimised, its decriminalisation together with an EU directive on repatriation will make it impossible to deport migrants," he added.
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Immigration abroad – public opinion, USA
Prove You're Here Legally Before Getting Gov't Services, Voters Say
Christopher Neefus
CNSNews.com, 22 April 2011

Most voters in the United States want stricter enforcement of immigration laws, and a vast majority say people should be required to prove they are in the country legally before receiving any federal, state or local services, according to a new poll.

"Before anyone receives local, state or federal government services, should they be required to prove they are legally allowed to be in the United States?" Rasmussen Reports asked likely voters.

Eighty-four percent of respondents answered in the affirmative, while nine percent disagreed.

"Most voters continue to feel that the policies of the federal government encourage illegal immigration," Rasmussen commented.

In the same vein, the polling firm found that a solid majority oppose birthright citizenship for the children of illegal immigrants.

... Under current law the child would automatically gain citizenship.
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Immigration abroad – France
Diplomatic row as France closes borders to keep out waves of refugees
Peter Allen
Daily Telegraph, 18 April 2011

France yesterday prevented all trains carrying illegal immigrants from entering its borders from Italy.

In Menton, in south-east France, border guards and riot police halted hundreds of mainly North African men who have crossed from Libya and Tunisia. ...

Franco Frattini, the Italian foreign minister directed his embassy in Paris to lodge a protest with France. Mr Frattini said Rome wanted "clarifications on measures taken [by Paris] which appear to be illegal and in clear violation of European principles".

Thousands of immigrants have arrived in Italy from countries such as Tunisia and Libya. Italy infuriated the French last week by issuing temporary visas, allowing immigrants to travel in the EU.

Many want to go to France because they speak French, and because they believe that President Nicolas Sarkozy will be sympathetic to them.
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Immigration abroad – Japan
In Defense of Japan's Immigration Policy (3)
Stephen Harner
Forbes, 14 April 2011
[Parts 1 and 2 were on 9 and 12 April]

So, we begin with some philosophy – or "first principles." In the first segment of this series, I presented the view that citizens have "ownership" – property rights – in their country, which is an aggregation of people's property rights in their homes, and, by extension, neighborhoods, and communities. Accept this concept or not, there should be no challenge to the legitimacy of a country's citizens – through representative government – deciding to allow foreigners into the country to visit, work, or permanently settle, or not. Particularly "settle" – immigrate – which, unlike simply working or visiting, requires in my thinking alienation (diminishment) of pre-existing property rights of citizens.

Citizens may choose to transfer some of their ownership rights to foreigners, accepting the latter as new citizens. This would be because they think they are gaining something of equal or greater value in return. But they should not be forced openly (by laws passed without their consent) or stealthily – through illegal immigration and "open borders" – to give up their rights.

Japan's system seems to me to embody, or at least to produce results consistent with, the above-mentioned first principles. Firstly, they require that foreigners who stay in Japan continuously more than 90 days register. The registration process established whether the foreign qualifies for "permanent residence" from "non-permanent residence." In the previous post we presented data for 2009 showing that that were 943,037 foreigners qualified and registered for "permanent residence" and 1,243,084 qualified and registered for "non-permanent residence."

Strictly speaking, only "permanent residents" should be considered immigrants. This figure has not been static. From 2005 to 2009, excluding the multi-generational ethnic Koreans residences, whose numbers have declined, permanent residents increased by 183,668. Incidentally, most of these immigrants came from China. The qualifications for permanent residence are not particularly onerous, but they are strictly enforced: five years continuous residence; stable employment and financial self-sufficiency; upright conduct. (This being Japan, even "minor" blemishes no not get a pass. I know a Canadian who was rejected because he had received a speeding ticket.)

The residency and employment/financial self-sufficiency requirements (waived for spouses and children) generally ensure that the applicant will be integrated in the community. Most importantly, that he and his family will not constitute a burden. Japan has not – and I believe will not – embraced "multi-culturalism." That most new permanent residents are Chinese, followed by Koreans, who surely command some measure of Japanese language and otherwise can fit in, contributes to smooth functioning of the system.

As for "non-permanent resident" foreigners in Japan pursuing work, study, training and the like, we previously observed that the system is broadly accommodative, with only the basic constraint that persons meet academic and technical or professional qualifications established by schools and businesses. ...

But a walk down the street or ride on the subway reveals that there are many, many foreigners in Japan who are not ethnic Chinese or Korean permanent residents. These include all the categories of non-permanent residents and numbers presented in the previous post.

...
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Immigration abroad – Europe
Germany to end border pact to halt refugees
Bruno Waterfield
Daily Telegraph, 12 April 2011

Germany has threatened to reinstate border checks in the EU's free movement zone in an escalating row with Italy over Tunisian refugees.

Italy has said it will give more than 20,000 Tunisian refugees temporary visas which would allow them to travel freely in the Schengen zone, which covers all EU countries except Britain and Ireland. ...

Italy said last week that it would give six-month residence permits to all the migrants who have arrived since the beginning of the year.

Franco Frattini, the Italian foreign minister, said: "Thousands, tens of thousands, maybe hundreds of thousands of migrants could come from Tunisia. It's a purely European affair." ...

Silvio Berlusconi, the Italian prime minister, has described the influx as a "human tsunami" that could lead to the break-up of the EU unless countries such as Germany accept quotas of refugees.
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Immigration abroad – Japan
In Defense of Japan's Immigration Policy (2)
Stephen Harner
Forbes, 12 April 2011
[Parts 1 and 3 were on 9 and 14 April]

Let's begin by looking at Japan's immigration policy results. Our data are for 2009 from the Ministry of Justice's website.

In 2009 the total population of Japan was some 127,510,000. Within this, 2,186,121 persons, or 1.71 percent of the total (and 31,305 fewer than in 2008), were foreigners registered and permitted to reside for some period in Japan.

The system largely divides into "permanent residents" (943,037 persons, or 43% of the total) and "non-permanent residents" (1,243,084 persons, of 57 percent). The former include 409,575 Koreans, former colonial migrants and their descendants.

Strictly speaking, the terms "immigration" and "immigrants" would apply only to the 943,037 "permanent resident" foreigners, and to the relative handful of persons who are naturalized as Japanese annually (on average about 14,000 a year in recent years).

Non-permanent residents apply for and receive only time-limited residency visas (usually one to three years). These include "long-term resident" spouses of Japanese (221,923), students (145,909), "work/study trainees" (65,209), scholars and researchers (46,759); and persons whose purpose is work (212,896).

The breakdown for the "workers" group is: specialist in humanities/international services – a category in which your writer fit for some 12 years (69,395); researcher/engineer (50,493); "skilled labor" (29,030); intra-company transferees (16,786); entertainers (10,966); professor/instructors (10,129); investor/business managers (9,840).

It is interesting – though not a result of policy – to note that "Asians" constitute 77 percent of foreign residents, and "South Americans" (read: Brazilian Japanese) another 16 percent. Thus, ethnic Asians together constitute 93 percent of foreign residents, and non-Asians only 7 percent. The top four foreigners by country of origin are Chinese: 680,518 (31 percent); Koreans: 578,495 (27 percent), Brazilians: 267,456 (12 percent), and Filipinos: 211,716 (10 percent).

If you are wondering, "North American" residents numbered 66,876 persons (3.1 percent of the total) and Europeans 61,721 persons (2.8 percent).

How, then, to understand the Japanese immigration system? It is one that clearly distinguishes between immigration and residence in Japan for work, study, training, and the like. There are no quotas or numerical limitations on the latter, and no test whether domestic workers are being displaced. There is a requirement that applicants are sponsored by a company, and that they possess qualifications and they are specialists or technicians, not just unskilled labor. In short, the system provides Japanese employers wide latitude to recruit and use skilled foreign employees, but it does not "bundle" this clearly mutually beneficial transaction with the more problematic implications of long term immigration.

In the next post, we'll go deeper into philosophy and common sense on these issues.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Appeals court stops Ariz. immigration law
Stephen Dinan
Washington Times, 11 April 2011

A federal appeals court ruled Monday that Arizona overstepped its bounds with last year's immigration enforcement law, handing the Obama administration another victory as it tries to squelch states' efforts on immigration enforcement.

A three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, ruling 2-1, upheld a lower court's decision that Congress doesn't want states meddling in immigration. The appeals court said that nullifies Arizona's attempt to empower local police to detain and question those they suspect are in the country illegally.

"Foreign policy is not and cannot be determined by the several states," Judge John T. Noonan Jr. wrote in his concurring opinion. "Foreign policy is determined by the nation as the nation interacts with other nations. Whatever in any substantial degree attempts to express a policy by a single state or by several states toward other nations enters an exclusively federal field."

Arizona's attempt last year to step up local enforcement of immigration laws sparked a national debate about immigration, and drew praise and condemnation upon the state.

National immigrant rights groups called for boycotts of the state, but legislators elsewhere tried to copy the law.

Fearing the efforts would spread to other states, the Obama administration sued, saying the national government alone has the power to decide how immigration laws are enforced.

Monday's ruling is a clear-cut victory for the federal government in that respect.

Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer, who signed the legislation and became its national champion, said the decision "does harm to the safety and well-being of Arizonans who suffer the negative effects of illegal immigration."

She and state Attorney General Tom Horne said they will pursue an appeal, either to the full 9th Circuit or to the Supreme Court.

For a decade, Arizona has been ground zero for illegal immigration. Hundreds of thousands of Latin Americans each year test the holes in the southern border, and a rising fear of drug-fueled violence just across border in Mexico left Arizona lawmakers fearing a spillover effect. ...

The key parts of the law have never gone into effect. A federal district court halted those provisions last year, and they have remained in limbo since that time, pending the outcome of court challenges. ...

"Arizona has taken a reasonable, constitutional approach to compensate for the administration's dereliction of duty," said House Judiciary Committee Chairman Lamar Smith, Texas Republican. "Every state has a duty and a right to protect its citizens. I find it ironic the administration has sued Arizona for enforcing the law while [federal officials] largely ignore it."

One part of Monday's ruling is bound to attract disproportionate attention: The two judges in the majority referred to statements from Mexican officials that foreign relations would be harmed by the law.

Judge Carlos T. Bea, the dissenting judge, said considering the opinions of foreign governments would essentially give a "heckler's veto" to other countries.
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Immigration abroad – Europe
Libya sending waves of migrants to Europe in revenge for bombing
Nick Squires and Damien McElroy
Daily Telegraph, 8 April 2011

Libya is unleashing a wave of migrants against Europe as retaliation for the military strikes against the country.

The opening of immigration floodgates came as Italy announced that it would grant travel permits to more than 20,000 Tunisian refugees who have reached its southernmost islands in recent weeks.

The Italian government said the temporary permits would grant the refugees freedom of movement within the visa-free Schengen area, but in reality most wanted to head to France. ...

Paris reacted angrily to the move. Claude Gueant, the French interior minister, said the country would not tolerate "a wave of immigration" and warned that migrants without appropriate identity documents and sufficient funds would be prevented from entering. ...

The Schengen zone excludes Britain and Ireland, but migrants could attempt to enter Britain illegally from the Continent.

The Tunisians were among nearly 26,000 people who have managed to reach the tiny island of Lampedusa, Italy's southernmost territory, since January, when president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was toppled by a popular revolt.

In neighbouring Libya, Col Muammar Gadaffi's regime is alleged to have been actively encouraging boatloads of migrants to leave the country's shores since March 22, when the first vessel sailed from Tajoura, a suburb of Tripoli. ... ...

Libya appears to be making good on threats issued at the start of the coalition's bombing campaign, when Moussa Ibrahim, the government spokesman, said the regime would no longer stop sub-Saharan and other refugees from trying to enter Europe by boat. ...

Nearly 400 boats loaded with illegal immigrants have reached Italy since January.
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Immigration abroad – USA, population
White children to be minority in US by 2023
Jon Swaine
Daily Telegraph, 8 April 2011

White children are now in a minority in 10 American states, and are on course to be a minority nationwide by 2023, according to data from the US census.

An analysis of the survey, which was carried out last year, found that the total number of white children in the US had declined by 4.3 million over the past decade.

During the same period, the number of Hispanic children increased by 4.8 million. Almost one in four American children is now Hispanic – twice the proportion registered in 1990. ...

The census data suggested the US would contain fewer white children than children from other races overall by 2023. The same will be true of the entire population by 2042, it indicated.

"Slower growth among whites owes in part to their lower fertility rate – about 1.9 births per white woman, compared with three births per Hispanic woman," said the Brookings Institution report.

The growth was also partly attributed to immigration. Only 15 per cent of new immigrants between 2000 and 2009 were white, compared with 78 per cent who were Hispanic.
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Immigration abroad – France
French interior minister calls for less immigration
Joseph Bamat
France 24, 7 April 2011

French Interior Minister Claude Guéant says the government intends to reduce the number of immigrants allowed to enter the country legally, in statements evoking a divisive and little-understood aspect of contemporary French society.

"I have asked that we reduce the number of people admitted under work immigration visas," Guéant told the conservative Figaro Magazine in an interview to be published on Friday.

"We also continue to reduce the number of foreigners coming to France for family reunification," he said.

Some 20,000 people are allowed to enter France on work visas and another 15,000 for family reasons each year, according to the Ministry of the Interior, which is responsible for immigration.

Guéant also said he would not exclude changes to France's policy on asylum seekers, suggesting a cap on asylum visas was also on the table.

The opposition Socialist Party and the organization SOS Racism have already condemned Guéant's statement as a "provocation". ...

According to Mirna Safi, a sociologist and research director with the Paris Institute of Political Studies, France's policy of restricting immigration has remained relatively consistent for the past 30 years.

The only exception has been the so called "competences and talents" visa, proposed by Nicolas Sarkozy in 2003 when he was interior minister.

"It was a small and isolated recognition of a need for immigrant workers," Safi says. ...

But the competences and talents visa did not produce a significant increase in legal and professional immigrant workers after 2003, says Xavier Thierry, who tracked immigration flows for France's National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED) until 2008.

"A stable figure of five percent of immigration for professional reasons may have increased to eight to 10 percent," Thierry says, adding that a pronounced change in immigration flows could not be determined immediately by annual statistics.

Thierry admits that he was the only researcher at INED to study immigration flows and asked to be taken off the subject after feeling "discouraged". No one has taken over from him, and data relative to immigration in France, legal or not, is scarce after 2008.

As to the contradiction between France's intense interest in the subject of immigration and the lack of information to encourage or oppose further immigration, Thierry is reluctant to answer.

"There is a problem," he awkwardly offers.
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Immigration abroad – Europe
Refugees head for Europe as Berlusconi clears island
Nick Squires
Daily Telegraph, 31 March 2011

More than 6,000 migrants from North Africa are likely to enter Europe after Silvio Berlusconi said yesterday that he would remove them from a tiny Italian island overwhelmed by refugees.

Lampedusa, whose normal population is 5,500, has 18,000 mostly Tunisian migrants who have landed since January but Italy fears far greater numbers if the situation in Libya deteriorates further.

This week a group of Eritreans, Somalians and Ethiopians who had been living and working in Libya reached Lampedusa.

An Italian assault ship and five ferries will remove 6,000 migrants from the island, which lies closer to Tunisia than Italy, within the next two days. Like the other 12,000 already processed, they will be taken to camps on the Italian mainland but it is expected that most will flee to other countries, including France. Migrants already transferred were filmed vaulting wire fences and evading security guards.
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Immigration abroad – voting by non-citizens, USA
GOP says 5,000 non-citizens voting in Colorado a 'wake-up call' for states
Debbie Siegelbaum
The Hill, 31 March 2011

Republicans on the House Administration Committee want to shore up voter registration rules in the wake of a Colorado study that found as many as 5,000 non-citizens in the state took part in last year's election.

Rep. Gregg Harper (R-Miss.), the panel's chairman, called the study "a disturbing wake-up call" that should cause every state to review its safeguards to prevent illegal voting.

"We simply cannot have an electoral system that allows thousands of non-citizens to violate the law and vote in our elections. We must do more to protect the integrity of our electoral processes," Harper added.

Scott Gessler, a Republican, told the panel that his department's study identified nearly 12,000 people who were not citizens but were still registered to vote in Colorado.

Of those non-citizen registered voters, nearly 5,000 took part in the 2010 general election in which Democratic Sen. Michael Bennet narrowly defeated Republican Ken Buck.

Colorado conducted the study by comparing the state's voter registration database with driver's license records.

"We know we have a problem here. We don't know the size of it," Gessler said in testimony to Administration's Elections subcommittee.

He told Harper that Colorado would look to create a registration system that would allow his department to ask that some people provide proof of their citizenship in writing.
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Immigration abroad – USA, population
Plato, Mo., sits at center of nation's population
Hope Yen
Forbes / Associated Press, 24 March 2011

It's official: The new center of the U.S. population is in Missouri, about 2.7 miles northeast of the village of Plato. ...

In a surprising show of growth, Hispanics accounted for more than half of the U.S. population increase over the last decade, exceeding estimates in many states as they crossed a new census milestone: 50 million, or 1 in 6 Americans.

Meanwhile, more than 9 million Americans checked more than one race category on their 2010 census form, up 32 percent from 2000, a sign of burgeoning multiracial growth in an increasingly minority nation.

The Census Bureau on Thursday was releasing its first set of national-level findings from the 2010 count on race and migration, ...

The final count: 196.8 million whites, 37.7 million blacks, 50.5 million Hispanics and 14.5 million Asians.

Hispanics and Asians were the two fastest growing demographic groups, increasing about 42 percent from 2000. ...

Racial and ethnic minorities are expected to make up an unprecedented 90 percent of the total U.S. growth since 2000, due to immigration and higher birth rates for Latinos. ...

Currently the fastest growing group, Hispanics now comprise 1 in 6 Americans; among U.S. children, Hispanics are roughly 1 in 4.
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Immigration abroad – Cambodia
Cambodian brides off limits for older men
Daily Telegraph, 23 March 2011

Cambodia has banned foreign men who are over the age of 50 from marrying local women in an attempt to stop sham marriages and human trafficking.

Younger men will also have to show that they earn more than £1,539 a month before they can marry a Cambodian woman. Koy Kuong, a spokesman for Cambodia's foreign ministry, said human rights groups had detailed cases of women being sent into prostitution or used as slaves. Opponents of the ruling say it is unfair to women, as men are allowed to marry any foreign bride.

South Koreans accounts for 60 per cent of men who marry Cambodian women, often in matches set up by agencies.
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Immigration abroad – California, USA
More than half of California children Latino, census shows
Carol Morello and Dan Balz
The Washington Post, 9 March 2011

More than half the children in California are Latinos, according to new census statistics that show the nation's most populous state rapidly approaching the day when Hispanics overtake whites as the largest minority.

Barely one in four Californians under age 18 are non-Hispanic whites, who declined in number along with black children as the number of Asian American and Hispanic children soared. ... ...

Among Californians of all ages, the 38 percent who are Hispanic almost equal the 40 percent who are white, a drop of 5 percent. Even in Orange County, where the airport is named after John Wayne, whites are now a minority and Hispanics make up the largest block of school-age children.

"Hispanics are the future of California," said William Frey, a demographer with the Brookings Institution. "Any local or state initiatives that have to do with education need to reach out to this population. That's more crucial in California than anywhere else." ...

The rapid expansion in California's Hispanic population has transformed the state's political balance, putting Republicans at a disadvantage in statewide elections.

As recently as 1990, Hispanics were 26 percent of the state's overall population. By the next census in 2000, non-Hispanic whites had already become a minority. As the number of Hispanics has grown, so has their share of the electorate, reaching 22 percent last November.
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Immigration abroad – Denmark, national identity, multiculturalism
New immigration minister: become like us or stay away
The Copenhagen Post, 9 March 2011

Either foreigners make an effort to become Danish or they can just stay away from Denmark, according to Søren Pind, the new immigration minister.

Only hours after taking over as immigration minister after Birthe Rønn Hornbech was fired yesterday, Pind declared himself ready to tighten up the immigration laws.

According to Pind, it should be set in stone that Denmark has room for foreigners that adopt and respect Danish values, norms and traditions; if they don't, they shouldn't be here at all.

"The way I see it, when you choose Denmark, you choose Denmark because you want to become Danish," Pind told Jyllands-Posten newspaper.

He highlighted a misunderstood notion of integration, where traditional Danish values have been compromised in an attempt to accommodate foreigners. This, he said, is a threat to Denmark as a nation.

"In my view, a mixture of cultures and the trails it carries with it makes the whole thing crackle, and I will do everything I can to fight that," he said.
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Immigration abroad – Germany, multiculturalism, Islam
Minister insists Islam 'does not belong in Germany'
Tony Paterson
The Independent, 7 March 2011

Chancellor Angela Merkel's newly appointed Interior Minister has reignited an already-heated immigration debate by insisting that Islam "does not belong" in Germany – a country with a resident population of four million Muslims.

Hans-Peter Friedrich took office only last week in a cabinet reshuffle, but his outspoken views have provoked instant condemnation from opposition MPs and a vitriolic response from Islamic groups which have branded them a "slap in the face for all Muslims".

"To say that Islam belongs in Germany is not a fact supported by history", Mr Friedrich said. At the weekend, he underlined his position, insisting that immigrants ought to be aware of their host country's "Western Christian origins" and learn German "first and foremost".

His views flatly contradicted those of Germany's conservative President, Christian Wulff, who, in an attempt to defuse an increasingly bitter integration row, proclaimed in a keynote speech last year that Islam "belongs to Germany" precisely because of its large Muslim population.

Mr Friedrich, who belongs to the Bavarian wing of Ms Merkel's ruling Christian Democrats, a group known for its opposition to Muslim immigration, insisted in a speech on Saturday that his stance was meant to bring "society together and not polarise it". ...

Mr Friedrich's remarks have been angrily criticised by opposition Social Democrats, Greens and several leading members of Ms Merkel's liberal Free Democrat coalition partners. "Islam has been a real part of Germany for several generations now; it is unhelpful to deny this fact," Hartfrid Wolff, a liberal MP, complained.
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Immigration abroad – Tunisia
At a tense border crossing, a systematic effort to keep black Africans out
Doug Saunders
The Globe and Mail, 2 March 2011

What they escaped was a double threat. First, a Libyan population suspicious of anyone with dark skin after dictator Moammar Gadhafi hired thousands of sub-Saharan Africans as mercenaries. And second, a Tunisian border authority that has been preventing thousands of people, especially black Africans, from crossing.

This created a dangerous situation for the Ghanaians, Malians, Nigerians, Sudanese, Congolese and other African workers who rushed to flee Libya this week, only to find their way blocked by Tunisian gangs and soldiers who are controlling the flow of people across the border, often using violence.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees warned on Tuesday that Libya's western border, whose main road has seen 90,000 fleeing foreign workers in the past week, is becoming a "humanitarian disaster," and specifically warned about the plight of black Africans. "We are very concerned that a large number of sub-Saharan Africans are not being allowed entry into Tunisia at this point," said a spokeswoman for the UNHCR. ...

Officials said the sub-Saharan Africans were being kept back because of a policy of allowing national groups through one at a time. Many Bangladeshis and Chinese crossed over the weekend. But aid organizations said there appeared to be a systematic restriction of black Africans.
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Immigration abroad – Italy
Italy asks for 100m euros to tackle 'biblical exodus' of Tunisians heading to Europe
Daily Mail, 15 February 2011

Italy has asked the EU for about 100 million euros to tackle Tunisian migrants following a 'biblical exodus' - and now the rest of Europe is on alert for an influx from the North African country. ...

The problem is a result of the clashes between police and protesters in Tunisia ... ...

Interior minister Roberto Maroni said he feared the number of North Africans heading to Europe could jump to as many as 80,000. ...

Identity checks have found some of the arrivals were criminals who escaped from Tunisian jails in the chaos, Maroni said.
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Immigration abroad – Italy
Italy declares emergency over migrants
Nick Pisa
Daily Telegraph, 14 February 2011

A state of emergency has been declared by the Italian government after 5,000 illegal immigrants fleeing riot-torn Tunisia arrived in just five days. ...

The immigrants had all landed on the tiny volcanic island of Lampedusa, which is just 60 miles from the Tunisian coast. ...

Roberto Maroni, the Italian interior minister, said the emergency had been declared because authorities feared "possible terrorists" had infiltrated the illegal immigrants and would slip into the country. He added that there was a risk that some of those who were trying to enter Italy could have escaped from prisons that were stormed during the unrest last month.
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Immigration abroad – Australia
$480 million extra to protect Australia's borders
Simon Benson and Alison Rehn
Daily Telegraph [Australia], 11 February 2011

The cost of Labor's border protection policy has blown out by $480 million as a stretched Immigration Department struggles to cope with a record 6000 detainees.

Taxpayers are forking out tens of millions of dollars in extra staff and to bolster patrol boat operations in northern waters, according to documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.

Customs has also been forced to employ an extra 37 full-time staff to cope with the influx of asylum seekers who are mainly from the Middle East and Afghanistan.

The blow-out - which the Coalition claims could more than double in the next 12 months - follows last year's record arrival of 134 boats carrying 6535 asylum seekers. ...

The high costs of processing people fleeing their homeland was highlighted with an additional $290 million outlay for the immigration agency, announced yesterday. ...

Another $190 million will be spent on building two new detention centres, including the new facility at Inverbrackie in the Adelaide Hills.

"As a result of the Government's failed border protection policies, more boats are coming, more people are in detention in record numbers and people are staying longer in detention." Opposition immigration spokesman Scott Morrison said.

Mr Morrison said the Government will now spend more than $760 million on people arriving illegally in Australia in 2010-11, compared with less than $100 million annually when the Howard Government left office in 2007.

"The total budget blow-out since Labor started rolling back the strong border protection regime they inherited is now more than $1.4 billion and counting," he said.
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Immigration abroad – France, crime, nationality
'Vichy-style' law rejected
Daily Telegraph, 5 February 2011

President Nicolas Sarkozy's plans to strip certain foreign-born criminals of French nationality have been thrown out by politicians.

The proposal was intended to deny nationality to those naturalised as citizens for less than 10 years who used violence against police or public officials. It had been approved by the National Assembly last year. But members of France's upper house of parliament, the Senate, rejected the law by 182 votes to 156.

Nathalie Goulet, a centrist senator, said during the debate: "It was the Vichy regime of occupied France which invented denaturalisation."
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Immigration abroad – Dominican Republic, Haiti, deportation
Dominican crackdown on Haitian migrants sows fear
Jacob Kushner and Danica Coto
Yahoo! News / Associated Press, 1 February 2011

The Dominican Republic has deported thousands of illegal immigrants in recent weeks, sowing fear among Haitians living in the country and prompting accusations its government is using a cholera outbreak as a pretext for a crackdown.

In the largest campaign in years to target Haitians living illegally in the Dominican Republic, soldiers and immigration agents have been setting up checkpoints and conducting neighborhood sweeps, detaining anyone without papers and booting them from the country. ...

Hundreds of thousands of Haitians live at least part-time in the Dominican Republic, enduring frequent discrimination and the constant fear of being deported. A cholera epidemic in Haiti that has killed at least 4,000 people and sickened 200,000 has made matters worse.

Dominican officials eased border controls and halted deportations for humanitarian reasons after the Jan. 12, 2010, earthquake near Port-au-Prince that killed an estimated 316,000 people and devastated the already impoverished nation. But right at the one-year anniversary of the quake, the deportations resumed – with greater enforcement than has been seen since 2005.

More than 3,000 people have been handcuffed and sent across the border in the past three weeks, including some legal residents who were simply caught without their documents, according to migrants and advocates. ...

The government denies that any legal residents have been deported. Dominican immigration chief Sigfrido Pared defended the deportations, saying his country cannot be an escape valve for Haitians fleeing extreme poverty and political instability.

The United Nations estimated before the earthquake that some 600,000 Haitians were living illegally in the Dominican Republic, which has a total population of nearly 10 million. Dominican authorities say that number has since grown to 1 million, most of them there illegally.
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Immigration abroad – USA, illegal immigrants
Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010
Pew Hispanic Center, 1 February 2011
[The report is in PDF form]

As of March 2010, 11.2 million unauthorized immigrants were living in the United States, virtually unchanged from a year earlier, according to new estimates from the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center. ...

The number of unauthorized immigrants in the nation's workforce, 8 million in March 2010, also did not differ from the Pew Hispanic Center estimate for 2009. ...

The number of children born to at least one unauthorized-immigrant parent in 2009 was 350,000, essentially the same as it was a year earlier. ...

According to the Pew Hispanic Center, unauthorized immigrants made up 3.7% of the nation's population and 5.2% of its labor force in March 2010. Births to unauthorized immigrant parents accounted for 8% of newborns from March 2009 to March 2010, according to the center's estimates, which are based mainly on data from the government's Current Population Survey.
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Immigration abroad – Australia
Cities to more than double in size under current immigration levels, says news research
Ben Packham
The Australian, 24 January 2011

Australia's capital cities will more than double in size within 50 years under current immigration rates, dramatically affecting quality of life and cutting food production.

Research for the Department of Immigration and Citizenship has found more than 430,000 hectares of land will have to be found for housing in both Sydney and Melbourne if net overall immigration remains above 260,000 a year.

Even with zero migration, the capitals will grow in size by roughly 50 per cent, costing residents an extra $1000 a year due to added congestion within the next two decades.

Under current migration rates, each capital would become an estimated one and a half times bigger, with massive gridlock-induced costs. ...

"The magnitude of the impacts at all net overall migration levels suggests that unless substantial and timely actions are taken to address these impacts, some impacts have the potential to disrupt Australia's economy and society," the paper warns.

Lead researcher Dr Jonathan Sobels, from Flinders University, said farms and public land would be consumed as bulging cities expanded.

He said Sydney would lose about half of its productive land used for fresh fruit and vegetable production.

"Sydney and Melbourne will rise to something of the order of seven million people. We've got something in the order of half of that now," he said.

"Where are they all going to go? They're not going to all go into 50-storey apartment blocks.

"Physically, the demand on land is going to be immense."

Affluence is forecast to rise faster under higher immigration scenarios, driving up the use of space and resources. ...

Sydney would need an extra 2.5 landfills for every one required today under higher migration scenarios, with much of the extra waste resulting from demolition of old buildings.
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Immigration abroad – India, Bangladesh
India's shoot-to-kill policy on the Bangladesh border
Brad Adams
The Observer, 23 January 2011

Do good fences make good neighbours? Not along the India-Bangladesh border. Here, India has almost finished building a 2,000km fence. Where once people on both sides were part of a greater Bengal, now India has put up a "keep out" sign to stop illegal immigration, smuggling and infiltration by anti-government militants.

This might seem unexceptional in a world increasingly hostile to migration. But to police the border, India's Border Security Force (BSF), has carried out a shoot-to-kill policy – even on unarmed local villagers. The toll has been huge. Over the past 10 years Indian security forces have killed almost 1,000 people, mostly Bangladeshis, turning the border area into a south Asian killing fields. No one has been prosecuted for any of these killings, in spite of evidence in many cases that makes it clear the killings were in cold blood against unarmed and defenceless local residents.

Shockingly, some Indian officials endorse shooting people who attempt to cross the border illegally, even if they are unarmed. Almost as shocking is the lack of interest in these killings by foreign governments who claim to be concerned with human rights. A single killing by US law enforcement along the Mexican border makes headlines. The killing of large numbers of villagers by Indian forces has been almost entirely ignored.

The violence is routine and arbitrary. ... ...

The border has long been crossed routinely by local people for trade and commerce. It is also crossed by relatives and friends separated by a line arbitrarily drawn by the British during partition in 1947. As with the Mexican border in the United States, the border has become an emotive issue in Indian politics, as millions of Bangladeshis now live in India illegally. Many are exploited as cheap labour.

India has the right to impose border controls. But India does not have the right to use lethal force except where strictly necessary to protect life. Yet some Indian officials openly admit that unarmed civilians are being killed. The head of the BSF, Raman Srivastava, says that people should not feel sorry for the victims, claiming that since these individuals were illegally entering Indian territory, often at night, they were "not innocent" and therefore were a legitimate target.
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Immigration abroad – European Union
Eurostat : The Romanians, the most numerous group of immigrants in the EU countries
Actmedia News Agency [Romania], 21 January 2011

Romanian immigrants, 384,000 as number, were the most numerous group of immigrants who arrived in the member states of the EU in 2008, a press release of Eurostat informs given on Wednesday to the press. Out of the two million immigrants who entered the EU in 2008, the Romanians were the most numerous (384,000) followed by the Poles ( 266,000) and the Bulgarians (91,000).

The preferred destinations of the Romanians, according to Eurostat were Italy and Spain. To Italy went 46% of the Romanians who migrated to another EU member state and to Spain went 19% of the Romanian migrants who decided to live in another EU member state. As regards the Poles, 45% of them, 120,000 people, preferred Germany. ...

In 2008, in the EU 27 there were 3.8 million immigrants and 1.8 million of them came from Maroc (157,000) China (97,000) India (93,000) followed by Albania, Ukraine, Brasil, the US, Turkey, Russia and Columbia.

In the same year, from the EU went away 2.3 million migrants. By comparison to 2007, immigratia in EU27 dropped by 6% and emigration increased by 13%. Most of the migrants who went to Spain (726,000), Germany, the UK and Italy in 2008 – with 500,000 migrants each, these four states receiving 67% of the migrants in the EU.

As regards migration, from Germany there were 738,000 people (more than the immigrants) from the UK there were 427,000 people and from Spain 266,000. The states that recorded more emigrants than immigrants were in 2008 Romania, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, Germany and Poland.
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Immigration abroad – employment, USA
Exclusive: Over a million immigrants land U.S. jobs in 2008-10
Ed Stoddard
Reuters, 20 January 2011

Over the past two years, as U.S. unemployment remained near double-digit levels and the economy shed jobs in the wake of the financial crisis, over a million foreign-born arrivals to America found work, many illegally.

Those are among the findings of a review of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau data conducted exclusively for Reuters by researchers at the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University in Boston.

Often young and unskilled or semi-skilled, immigrants have taken jobs Americans could do in areas like construction, willing to work for less wages. Others land jobs that unemployed Americans turn up their noses at or lack the skills to do.

With a national unemployment rate of 9.4 percent, domestic job creation is at the top of President Barack Obama's agenda and such findings could add to calls to tighten up on illegal immigration. But much of it is Hispanic and the growing Latino vote is a key base for Obama's Democratic Party.

Many of the new arrivals, according to employers, brought with them skills required of the building trade and found work in sectors such as construction, where jobless rates are high. ...

From 2008 to 2010, 1.1 million new migrants who have entered America since 2008 landed jobs, even as U.S. household employment declined by 6.26 million over that same period.

But in a sign of the times, the pace of job growth for new arrivals has also slowed, to an average of 550,000 a year from 2008 to 2010 from over 750,000 a year from 2000 to 2008.

Sum said it was fair to estimate that around 35 percent of these workers were undocumented or illegal.
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Immigration abroad – USA
Where's the Border Fence?
Ashton Ellis
Center for Individual Freedom [USA], 19 January 2011

On the Friday before Martin Luther King Jr. weekend, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced plans to scrap the so-called "virtual fence" project along the 2,000 mile United States-Mexico border. The official reasons cited included cost overruns and technology failures. The truth, of course, is a different story.

At the height of the last amnesty craze in 2006, Congress passed the Secure Fence Act (SFA). The measure required building 700 miles of double-layered fence to physically separate the United States from Mexico. The bill's authors also intended to demonstrate that the federal government accepted the American people's judgment that illegal immigrants could not be granted citizenship until the southwestern border was secured.

With the border fence supposedly under construction, the Senate gathered on June 28, 2007, to end debate on comprehensive immigration reform and vote its passage. Then, Senator Elizabeth Dole (R-NC) addressed the chamber. In the final minutes before the Democratic majority moved for cloture, Dole reminded her colleagues that only two miles had been built.

For Dole, enough was enough. "And so my strong view is that it's not just promises, it's proof that people want. The American people want to see results, control of our borders. So we need to establish standards, metrics and show that they have been achieved," said Dole at the time. With devastating accuracy, she confirmed what many suspected: Governing elites used the promise of a border fence to ease resistance towards amnesty for illegal immigrants. After Dole exposed the hypocrisy, comprehensive immigration reform died on the Senate floor.

The open borders crowd was defeated, but not deterred. In December 2007, the Bush Administration tapped Senator Kay Bailey Hutchinson (R-TX) to attach an amendment to a DHS appropriations bill. The amendment's language added a wrinkle to SFA by granting then-Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff complete discretion over the border fence. Since the Bush Administration favored granting citizenship status to illegal immigrants, but was dragging its feet on building the fence, many saw Hutchinson's amendment as gutting SFA's mandate to secure the border first.

Hutchison hit back at criticisms; she gutted the border fence by pointing to a new requirement in her amendment. By the end of 2008 (i.e. within twelve months of the amendment's passage) 370 of the 700 miles of the southwest border would be fenced. As of September 2008, fewer than 120 miles were completed. So much for mandates.

Then along came the Secure Border Initiative network (SBInet), a compromise between pro-amnesty governing elites and the defense industry to further weaken the fence project. Throughout the public debate over the border, the Bush Administration was quietly replacing its promise of a physical fence with a high-tech virtual one. When the $1 billion contract was awarded to Boeing in September 2006, the project was hailed as a way to harness technology for fulfilling public policy.

A little more than five years later, neither goal was reached. To date, only 53 miles of border have been "virtually" fenced. ... Last week's announcement to end the program officially concluded this taxpayer-financed fool's errand. ...

As it is, Americans were swindled out of more than $1 billion in exchange for two more federal immigration laws that are not enforced.
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Immigration abroad – Germany, political correctness
You can't say that here!
Christopher Caldwell
The Spectator, 15 January 2011

In Berlin in September, I noticed that Deutschland schafft sich ab ('The Abolition of Germany'), a taboo-breaking blockbuster by Bundesbank governor Thilo Sarrazin, ...

... having sold 1.2 million copies. It is the most important publishing event in Germany since the war.

Sarrazin's book is no tract. It is a subtle, well-documented, almost literary argument about the failings of the German welfare state by a top-rank labour economist. Inevitably, though, it is also an attack on the political correctness that has constrained German political discourse for decades. ...

Today, though, this limited scope for public discussion stymies the tiniest steps to fix problems that have been obvious in other countries for decades. You cannot say that Germany's asylum policy draws idlers as well as refugees. ... Sarrazin apparently came to believe his country was dying of its etiquette, and spoke up. ...

German public-policy debates have been carried out with Victorian euphemism. Fuzzing up matters so that they cannot be acted upon is the aim. ... In such a climate of hemming and hawing, seeking truth requires breaching etiquette, as when Sarrazin writes: 'On purely demographic grounds, the fact that the so-called bildungsfern classes, with their frequently lower-than-average intelligence, are having a higher-than-normal number of children makes us, on average, stupider.'

Hence one of Sarrazin's most controversial arguments: that well-educated Germans should have more children. If you believe intelligence is in any degree inherited and in any degree correlated with income level, then giving the poor more incentives to have children than the rich will reduce society's intelligence. ...

What Sarrazin has to say about immigration has raised almost as much fury. 'In hindsight,' he writes, 'the guest-worker immigration of the 1960s and '70s was a colossal mistake.' For two reasons. First, immigrant populations did not shrink once the work they had been invited to do was done. They rose, thanks to ongoing 'family reunification', and so did their level of welfare dependence. Second, those immigrants altered the culture in a way that no one had anticipated. Only 550,000 Italians remain in Germany of the 2 million who came decades ago, but the Turkish population has burgeoned from 750,000 to (by Sarrazin's conservative estimate) 3 million today. It is not living near Turks that Sarrazin minds, but the prospect that no one in Germany will be reading Goethe in a hundred years. Germany's immigrant life now has a Muslim character that worries him, although he notes that 'a host of integration specialists, Islam scholars, sociologists, political scientists, and activists, and a raft of naive politicians work hand in hand, and tirelessly, on belittlement, self-deception and denial'.

That is why Sarrazin has struck a nerve in areas that go far beyond immigration and poverty policy. The regime of euphemism has not just led to mistakes. It has also empowered a class of so-called Gutmenschen in government and the academy. If Sarrazin is right, then much of what they have lately done is not just misguided but, however good their intentions, corrupt. They are fighting with considerable skill for their political lives. Sarrazin's few political defenders, meanwhile, tend to have one thing in common – they are retired.
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Immigration abroad – USA
CBO: 748,000 Foreign Nationals Granted U.S. Permanent Residency Status in 2009 Because They Had Immediate Family Legally Living in America
Edwin Mora
CNSNews.com, 11 January 2011

Foreign nationals with family ties to American citizens and green-card holders accounted for about two-thirds (748,000) of the total 1.1 million individuals who were granted legal permanent residency status by the U.S. government in 2009, according to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO).

The number of foreign nationals who became legal permanent residents (LPRs) of the U.S. in 2009 as a result of family ties (66 percent) outpaced those who became LPRs on the basis of employment skills (13 percent) and humanitarian reasons (17 percent), the CBO revealed in a December 2010 report entitled, Immigration Policy in the United States: An Update.

"People granted permanent admission to the United States are formally classified as legal permanent residents and given a green card," noted the CBO. "LPRs are eligible to live and work in the United States, own property, and join the armed forces; eventually, they may apply for U.S. citizenship."

An individual who becomes an LPR or U.S. citizen can then sponsor the admittance of immediate family members into the U.S.

"In 2009, the United States granted LPR status to 1.1 million individuals, which is about average for the 2005-2009 period," the CBO later added. "Family-based admissions, which include admissions of immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and admissions under the program of family-sponsored preferences, together accounted for 66 percent of total admissions of legal permanent residents in 2009."

"About 536,000 – or almost half – of the LPRs admitted in 2009 were immediate relatives of U.S. citizens... other relatives admitted under family-sponsored preferences constituted the next largest category, accounting for 212,000 new LPRs in 2009," the CBO stated.

There are five categories under which the U.S. grants permanent residency status to foreign nationals, according to CBO. They include: relatives of U.S. citizens, family-sponsored preferences, employment-based preferences, the Diversity Program, and humanitarian reasons. ...

The CBO also revealed that the majority of those who were granted LPR status in 2009 had both family ties to a U.S. citizen or LPR and were already in the U.S. as a "temporary resident or visitor."

"In 2009, about 40 percent of the 1.1 million individuals granted LPR status entered the United States for the first time as a permanent resident. The other 60 percent were individuals who were already in the United States when they were granted LPR status," the CBO stated. ...

Furthermore, the CBO stated, "of the total LPR admissions in 2009, the largest share was people born in Mexico (15 percent) and the second largest share was people born in China (6 percent)."

However, a bigger picture by CBO of the 1.1 million individuals who were granted LPR status in 2009 showed that "413,000 (or 37 percent) were born in Asia and 375,000 (or 33 percent) were born in North America (which includes Central America)."

The remaining individuals were born in South America (9 percent), Europe (9 percent), and Africa (11 percent).
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Immigration abroad – Canada
Working illegally in Canada can lead to legal residency
Brian Lilley
Toronto Sun, 8 January 2011

Would-be immigrants to Canada can use illegal work experience to help bolster their application for permanent residency, according to federal documents obtained by QMI Agency.

The documents, a series of emails between senior officials within Citizenship and Immigration Canada, starts with an unnamed official questioning whether illegal work experience can count for someone seeking to enter Canada under the provincial nominee program, a program designed to fill specialized labour shortages in Canada. ...

The answer shocked lawyer and immigration policy analyst Richard Kurland.

"Last time I checked, it's illegal to work without a work permit," Kurland told QMI. "Why am I advising people to obey the law? Here's a senior official saying you can flout the law."

While Kurland said it's possible that people working in the country illegally could still be paying taxes, most, he said, would be working under the table, thereby breaking the law.

Many of those working illegally in Canada may also be breaking the law by being in the country illegally, said Kurland, while others might simply be students who have taken a job while studying at a Canadian school.

The activist group No One is Illegal estimates there are 200,000 to 500,000 people living in Canada illegally. Other estimates of the illegal immigrant population are much lower, closer to 100,000.

The federal government has long had difficulty enforcing deportation orders against those in the country illegally. A 2008 report from Auditor General Sheila Fraser showed that the government had lost track of 41,000 people that had been ordered deported.
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Immigration abroad – Greece
Greece plans Turkey border fence to tackle migration
BBC, 4 January 2011

Greece has announced plans to build a 12km (eight-mile) fence along part of its border with Turkey to prevent illegal immigrants from crossing.

Public Order Minister Christos Papoutsis said more than 100,000 people had entered Greece illegally last year and Athens had a duty to act.

Greece has long complained to Turkey about border security.

But the European Commission said such fences were "short-term measures" which did not tackle the root of the problem.

The proposed fence would cover a short section of the Greece-Turkey border in the Orestiada area of north-eastern Greece.

The area has become the main route into Greece for migrants from Africa and Asia with an average of 245 people crossing illegally every day in October 2010, according to Frontex, the EU's border agency.

The European Commissioner for Home Affairs, Cecilia Malmstroem, has said the numbers are "dramatic".

In a statement, Mr Papoutsis said Greece could "no longer tolerate this". ...

Bill Frelick from Human Rights Watch told the BBC World Service the fence might "divert some of the flow to other locations, but Greece has quite a long border, quite a lot of coastline, so it's an attempt at a quick fix for a problem that really is much more extensive".

"If a person who passes through Greece applies for asylum in Sweden or Germany, their fingerprints show up on what's called the eurodoc system, and they're kicked back to Greece," Mr Frelick said.

"And Greece has proven itself completely incapable of handling this problem, and they've gotten precious little support from the EU member-states."

Earlier on Monday, a spokesman for the EU Commission said that walls and bars were "short-term measures which will not allow us to tackle illegal immigration in a structural manner". ...

The UN's refugee agency says 38,992 arrived in the 10 months to November 2010, compared with 7,574 for the same period of 2009.

In November, Frontex deployed 175 border control specialists to the Orestiada area to help Greece tackle the problem.

The agency says this led to a 44% fall in the numbers of people successfully crossing the border.
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Immigration abroad – Japan
Japan Keeps a High Wall for Foreign Labor
Hiroko Tabuchi
New York Times, 2 January 2011

Despite facing an imminent labor shortage as its population ages, Japan has done little to open itself up to immigration. In fact ... the government is doing the opposite, actively encouraging both foreign workers and foreign graduates of its universities and professional schools to return home while protecting tiny interest groups ...

In 2009, the number of registered foreigners here fell for the first time since the government started to track annual records almost a half-century ago, shrinking 1.4 percent from a year earlier to 2.19 million people – or just 1.71 percent of Japan's overall population of 127.5 million.

Experts say increased immigration provides one obvious remedy to Japan's two decades of lethargic economic growth. But instead of accepting young workers, however – and along with them, fresh ideas – Tokyo seems to have resigned itself to a demographic crisis that threatens to stunt the country's economic growth, hamper efforts to deal with its chronic budget deficits and bankrupt its social security system. ...

In 2008, only 11,000 of the 130,000 foreign students at Japan's universities and technical colleges found jobs here, according to the recruitment firm Mainichi Communications. While some Japanese companies have publicly said they will hire more foreigners in a bid to globalize their work forces, they remain a minority. ...

The barriers to immigration to Japan are many. Restrictive immigration laws bar the country's struggling farms or workshops from access to foreign labor, driving some to abuse trainee programs for workers from developing countries, or hire illegal immigrants. Stringent qualification requirements shut out skilled foreign professionals, while a web of complex rules and procedures discourages entrepreneurs from setting up in Japan. ...

But Japan's demographic time clock is ticking: its population will fall by almost a third to 90 million within 50 years, according to government forecasts. By 2055, more than one in three Japanese will be over 65, as the working-age population falls by over a third to 52 million.

Still, when a heavyweight of the defeated Liberal Democratic Party unveiled a plan in 2008 calling for Japan to accept at least 10 million immigrants, opinion polls showed that a majority of Japanese were opposed. A survey of roughly 2,400 voters earlier this year by the daily Asahi Shimbun showed that 65 percent of respondents opposed a more open immigration policy.
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MULTICULTURALISM

Multiculturalism – Islam, Europe
Europe's Inexorable March Towards Islam
Soeren Kern
Stonegate Institute, 29 December 2011

Post-Christian Europe became noticeably more Islamized during 2011. ...

In Austria, an appellate court upheld the politically correct conviction of Elisabeth Sabaditsch-Wolff, a Viennese housewife and anti-Jihad activist, for "denigrating religious beliefs" after she gave a series of seminars about the dangers of radical Islam. ... ...

In Belgium, it was revealed that Muslims now make up one-quarter of the population of Brussels, according to a new book published by the Catholic University of Leuven, ... In real terms, the number of Muslims in Brussels – where half of the number of Muslims in Belgium currently live – has reached 300,000, which means that the self-styled "Capital of Europe" is now the most Islamic city in Europe. ...

In Denmark, a Muslim group launched a campaign to turn parts of Copenhagen and other Danish cities into "Sharia Law Zones" that would function as autonomous enclaves ruled by Islamic law. ... ...

Also in Denmark, the city council of Copenhagen approved the construction of the first official "Grand Mosque" in the Danish capital. The mega-mosque will have a massive blue dome as well as two towering minarets and is architecturally designed to stand out on Copenhagen's low-rise skyline. ...

Meanwhile, the president of the Denmark-based International Free Press Society, Lars Hedegaard, was found guilty of racist hate speech for comments he made about Islam. ... ...

In France, it was revealed that Islamic mosques are being built more often than Roman Catholic churches, and that there now are more practicing Muslims in the country than practicing Catholics. ...

In Germany, it was revealed that thousands of young women and girls in Germany are victims of forced marriages every year. Most of the victims come from Muslim families; many have been threatened with violence and even death. ...

Also in Germany, a best-selling book published in September revealed that the spread of Islamic Sharia law in Germany is far more advanced than previously thought, and that German authorities are "powerless" to do anything about the Muslim shadow justice system in Germany. ...

In Holland, it was revealed that 40% of Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands between the ages of 12 and 24 have been arrested, fined, charged or otherwise accused of committing a crime during the past five years, according to a report commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Interior.

In Dutch neighborhoods where the majority of residents are Moroccan immigrants, the youth crime rate reaches 50%. ...

The "Dutch-Moroccan Monitor 2011" also revealed that most of the Moroccan youth involved in criminal activities were born in Holland. ... ...

Also in Spain, two radical Islamic television stations began 24-hour broadcasting to Spanish-speaking audiences in Spain and Latin America from new studios in Madrid. The first channel, sponsored by the government of Iran, will focus on spreading Shiite Islam, the dominant religion in Iran. The second channel, sponsored by the government of Saudi Arabia, will focus on spreading Wahhabi Islam, the dominant religion in Saudi Arabia. ... ...

In Switzerland, where the Muslim population has more than quintupled since 1980, a Muslim immigrant group based in Bern called for the emblematic white cross to be removed from the Swiss national flag because as a Christian symbol it "no longer corresponds to today's multicultural Switzerland."
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Multiculturalism – education, segregation, USA
Segregated Charter Schools Evoke Separate But Equal Era in U.S.
John Hechinger
SF Gate: San Francisco Chronicle / Bloomberg News, 26 December 2011

At Dugsi Academy, a public school in St. Paul, Minnesota, girls wearing traditional Muslim headscarves and flowing ankle-length skirts study Arabic and Somali. The charter school educates "East African children in the Twin Cities," its website says. Every student is black.

At Twin Cities German Immersion School, another St. Paul charter, children gather under a map of "Deutschland," study with interns from Germany, Austria and Switzerland and learn to dance the waltz. Ninety percent of its students are white.

Six decades after the U.S. Supreme Court struck down "separate but equal" schools for blacks and whites, segregation is growing because of charter schools, privately run public schools that educate 1.8 million U.S. children. ... ...

Charter schools are more segregated than traditional public schools, according to a 2010 report by the Civil Rights Project at the University of California, Los Angeles. Researchers studied 40 states, the District of Columbia, and 39 metropolitan areas. ...

In Minnesota, the birthplace of the U.S. charter-school movement, the divide is more than black and white.

St. Paul's Hmong College Prep Academy, 99 percent Asian-American in the past school year, immerses students "in the rich heritage that defines Hmong culture." Its Academia Cesar Chavez School – 93 percent Hispanic – promises bilingual education "by advocating Latino cultural values in an environment of familia and community." Minneapolis's Four Directions Charter School, 94 percent Native American, black and Hispanic, promotes "lifelong learning for American Indian students."

Charter schools, which select children through lotteries, are open to all who apply, said Abdulkadir Osman, Dugsi's executive director.

"Some people call it segregation," Osman said. "This is the parent's choice. They can go anywhere they want. We are offering families something unique."

That's a "significant difference" between Minnesota charters and segregated schools in the 1950s South, said Joe Nathan, director of the Center for School Change at Macalester College in St. Paul.

"Nobody is being forced to go to these schools," said Nathan, who helped write Minnesota's 1991 charter-school law. ...

The atomization of charter schools coincides with growing U.S. diversity. Americans of other races will outnumber whites by 2042, the Census Bureau projects.

Even after a divided Supreme Court in 2007 ruled that schools couldn't consider race in making pupil assignments to integrate schools, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy urged districts to find other ways to fight "de facto resegregation" and "racial isolation." ...

Citing Kennedy's words, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and Attorney General Eric Holder this month called for schools – including charters – to combat growing segregation.
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Multiculturalism – diversity, Islam
When Islam met the diversity industry...
Damian Thompson
Daily Telegraph, 24 December 2011

This week, I was told about a London primary school whose pupils are overwhelmingly Muslim. It isn't having a nativity play. There was a plan to sing carols in a lesson, but parents banned their children from attending. Mixed swimming lessons will soon be a thing of the past. Canteen food has to be halal. "This is effectively a faith school – a Muslim one," says a teacher.

Maybe so, but a visit to the school's website reveals that the school also has an official religion: multiculturalism. Two of the major festivals in the year are a "Red Card to Racism" sports tournament and Black History Month. And here there's no conflict. No Islamic father has pulled his little girl out of a black history celebration, even if she isn't actually black. (Many of the pupils are Muslims from Kosovo.)

I'm fascinated by the relationship between British Islam and public sector multiculturalism. We've got into the habit of thinking of the multi-culti brigade as fervent secularists. So they are – where Christianity is concerned. But they feel strangely at home in the company of Muslims whose beliefs are ferociously conservative.

How odd, you might think, that an ideology emanating from Sixties American campuses fits so comfortably with one that emerged from medieval Arabia. I'd assumed that the initiative was taken by liberals who patronise Muslims while turning a blind eye to their social attitudes. But that was before I discovered the Islamic Diversity Centre (IDC).

The IDC is based in Newcastle upon Tyne and calls itself "the only authentic source for knowledge on Islam in the North East". Although it seems to be a small group, its website is beautifully engineered by an upmarket design agency. However, it's the extent of its institutional reach that really impresses. IDC offers an "Introduction to Islam School Workshop" whose "trained facilitators... teach schoolchildren the beauty of Islam". Staff from Catholic schools, among others, offer testimonials. There are also courses for NHS professionals and anyone in the field of equal opportunities. "The goal is to break down the stereotypes surrounding the Muslim community," we're told.

Hmm. That depends which stereotypes we're talking about. It's true that the IDC rejects Islamist violence and rhetoric. On the other hand, try clicking through to the profiles of team members. While there are photographs of the men, every woman is represented by an identical headshot showing a pair of eyes peeking out of a niqab.

This is seriously conservative Islam, in other words. Its courses aim to inform, not convert – but at weekends, IDC staff can be found proselytising vigorously on street corners. They run a New Muslim Support Centre "to meet the needs of the burgeoning numbers of Muslim converts in the North East". Significantly, it also acts as a "Diversity and Equality Centre".

Islam has a long history of accommodating itself to its host culture without watering down its tenets. In 21st-century Britain, that means pressing the Islamophobia button, and pressing it hard.

Would conservative Christians be allowed to extol the beauty of the Gospel in secular primary schools and hospitals? Don't be silly. The public sector knows which stereotypes it's happy to challenge and those it would rather leave undisturbed.
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Multiculturalism – diversity, segregation, USA
12 Maps That Show The Extreme Racial Segregation In America's Biggest Cities
Abby Rogers
Business Insider, 20 December 2011

Cartographer Bill Rankin began making maps while attending graduate school at Harvard because he found Boston to be so difficult to understand. ...

Today, those maps interpret U.S. Census data in a way that's never been done before.

Rankin, now an assistant professor at Yale, creates maps for major U.S. cities, and the entire country, that chronicle every part of daily life in an urban environment, including racial segregation, poverty, and crime.

The project began in earnest when Rankin couldn't find the information he really wanted to see in the maps produced by the government.

As an example, Census maps show racial groups as a percentage of the total population in any given county. So in Los Angeles County, which houses a huge number of people, it looks like blacks make up a small portion of the population, which just isn't true, Rankin said.

For years, Rankin searched for a way to show race as more than just a percentage of the whole. He also explained that it's very difficult to depict more than one racial group on a map at once.

Rankin's maps of Chicago, Phoenix, and D.C. show both segregation and diversity at the same time, something not found in other maps.
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Multiculturalism
Interview: Migrants bring tremendous benefits to British society
Xinuanet [China], 19 December 2011

With one third of the total population being immigrants, London, and Britain at large, have benefited tremendously from the flow over the past 60 years, one of the country's leading organizations protecting the rights of migrants told Xinhua in a recent interview ahead of the International Migrants Day which falls on Sunday.

Don Flynn, director of the charity Migrants' Rights Network (MRN) said that MRN was set up to support all migrants, and to help groups representing those migrants. ...

Flynn outlined Britain's history of migration, which kicked off since the 1950s, in which 30 of those years the range of immigrants was limited to the Commonwealth countries – Caribbean countries and the Indian sub-continent countries that had close, historic connections with Britain.

"Now, the streams of migrants who are coming in are much more diverse," said Flynn.

"People who are coming from all corners of the globe, do not necessarily having strong or historical connections with the UK and there are lots challenges there. The sort of challenges which if you rise to them you will be making a success of your local community."

It is common nowadays, said Flynn, to find that in your child's classroom there are 10 different nationalities represented in a class which has perhaps 30 children in it.

Migrants are a large group of people in Britain as 700,000 people enter the country annually, he went on. ...

Students make up more than 50 percent of all the immigrant categories, said Flynn. ...

Since coming to power in 2010 the coalition British government has tried to reduce immigration but, according to Flynn, "it has carried on growing, and is now about a quarter of a million people a year. So it has the potential to get back onto the political agenda again in a way that people will regard as being problematic and controversial."
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Multiculturalism – border security
Overseas spouses must speak English before arriving in UK, court rules
Alan Travis
The Guardian, 16 December 2011

The high court has upheld a government rule requiring spouses to prove they can speak English before they can join their partners in Britain.

Mr Justice Beatson dismissed a judicial review challenge brought by three couples to the immigration rule, introduced last November, on the grounds that it was racist and would break up their families. ...

The high court judge, sitting in Birmingham, said the requirement to have passed a pre-entry English language test did interfere with the couple's article 8 rights to a family life but this was justified in the interests of promoting integration and protecting public services.

Beatson also rejected the argument that the language tests were discriminatory because they required someone with a degree in English from India to sit the test but not Spanish-speakers from California.

The judge said that the decision to distinguish between nationals of countries considered to be "English-speaking" and those from elsewhere was rational.

The ruling is a major victory for the home secretary, Theresa May, in her efforts to persuade the courts to adopt a less rigid approach to article 8 human rights cases.

The immigration minister, Damian Green, said: "We believe it is entirely reasonable that someone intending to live in the UK should understand English, so that they can integrate and participate fully in our society. We are very pleased that the courts agree with us."

But the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, which officially intervened in the case, said it was very disappointed by the ruling. ...

According to the new rules, spouses will be required to attain a "basic" level of English that can be reached after 40-50 hours of tuition. ...

The proposal to introduce pre-entry English language tests for those coming to Britain to join a spouse or civil partner on a spousal visa was first proposed by Labour ministers three years ago to encourage integration, help newcomers get work and make clear to migrants the importance of learning English. It was introduced by the coalition last November.

The tests apply only to those who come from non-English-speaking countries. The top five nationalities of those coming to marry UK citizens are Pakistan (8,570 people), India (5,110), Bangladesh (2,780), US (2,110) and Thailand (1,776).
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Multiculturalism – benefits, cost
1,000 polygamous families claiming benefits
Tom McTague
Daily Mirror, 13 December 2011

Around 1,000 men and their illegal multiple wives are thought to be claiming welfare benefits.

The polygamous families could be costing the taxpayer millions of pounds a year by pocketing everything from dole cash to housing costs.

But the Government has said it will not stop the controversial payments until 2013, when it will officially no longer accept group marriages for welfare handouts.

Polygamy is not recognised in Britain but was allowed within the benefits system under the former Labour administration. ...

Immigration minister Chris Grayling admitted that he had no idea how many polygamous families are on welfare.

He said they are allowed to claim handouts including income support, housing benefit and child support.

A man and his "first wife" can jointly claim £105.95 in dole payments, made up of a £67.50 single person payout and a couple's top-up of £38.45. "Subsequent" wives are only entitled to the £38.45 top-up. Mr Grayling added that housing benefit and council tax benefit was "limited to those living in one property".

A Department for Work and Pensions spokesperson said: "This outdated legislation is in the process of being changed."

Polygamy is practised by some Muslims and Mormons, and is common in Africa.
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Multiculturalism – crime
Up to 8,000 forced marriages take place in England every year as government considers making them illegal
Daily Mail, 13 December 2011

There are at least 5,000 to 8,000 cases of forced marriage in England and the number of reported cases is rising every year, the Government said yesterday.

The Home Office said the full scale of the problem was not known, but published the estimates as it considers making forced marriage a criminal offence.

David Cameron has already announce